BETA


2015/0314(NLE) International protection: provisional measures for the benefit of Sweden

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead LIBE KELLER Ska (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) CORAZZA BILDT Anna Maria (icon: PPE PPE), POST Soraya (icon: S&D S&D), UJAZDOWSKI Kazimierz Michał (icon: ECR ECR), MLINAR Angelika (icon: ALDE ALDE), BJÖRK Malin (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 078-p3

Events

2016/06/15
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2016/06/15
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to establish provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden, by suspending for one year Sweden's obligations as a Member State of relocation.

NON-LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Decision (EU) 2016/946 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden in accordance with Article 9 of Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and Article 9 of Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece.

CONTENT: this Decision establishes provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden , in order to support it in better coping with an emergency situation characterised by a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries.

In Sweden, the number of applicants for international protection increased by more than 60 % from 68 245 applicants for the period from 1 January to 31 October 2014 to 112 040 applicants for the period from 1 January to 31 October 2015. In 2015, it had by far the highest number of applicants for international protection per capita in the Union in 2015, with 11 503 applicants per million inhabitants, with one out of four applicants claiming to be an unaccompanied minor.

Taking account of this situation, the Decision stipulates that the obligations of Sweden as a Member State of relocation under Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601 shall be suspended until 16 June 2017 .

The suspension of Sweden's obligations should be complemented, where appropriate, by operational support measures coordinated by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and by other relevant Agencies.

Sweden should present to the Council and to the Commission a roadmap setting out the measures that it will take in order to ensure the effectiveness of its asylum and migration system and to resume its obligations under Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601 once the suspension of its obligations ceases to have effect.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 16.6.2016.

2016/06/08
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
2016/06/08
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2016/05/26
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2016/05/26
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 396 votes to 190, with 50 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council decision establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden in accordance with Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece.

Parliament stipulated in the recitals that:

Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601 , having to face both challenges of being a country of first arrival and final destination; Sweden had in 2015 by far the highest number of applicants for international protection per capita in the EU (11 503 applicants per million inhabitants) and in March 2016, Sweden had received a total of 170 104 applicants , of which 73 331 were children, including 36 181 unaccompanied minors who have special needs and require additional resources in order to provide access to health care, dignified accommodation and education according to Union asylum rules.

Documents
2016/05/03
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report by Ska KELLER (Greens/EFA) on the proposal for a Council decision establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden in accordance with Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece.

The committee approved the Commission proposal subject to amendments.

Members stipulated in the recitals:

that Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601 , having to face both challenges of being a country of first arrival and final destination; that in March 2016, Sweden had received a total of 170 104 applicants , of which 73 331 were children, including 36 181 unaccompanied minors who have special needs and require additional resources in order to provide access to health care, dignified accommodation and education according to Union asylum rules.

Documents
2016/04/28
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2016/04/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/04/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2016/03/16
   EP - KELLER Ska (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2016/02/04
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2015/12/15
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to suspend the obligations of Sweden as a Member State of relocation for the period of one year.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

BACKGROUND: the considerable increase of irregular border crossing into the EU and of secondary movements across Europe has led to a sharp increase in Sweden of the number of applicants for international protection, who mainly entered the EU via Italy and Greece. Sweden has in 2015 by far the highest number of applicants for international protection per capita in the EU (11 503 applicants per million inhabitants).

The above situation has put a very significant strain on the Swedish asylum system, with serious practical consequences on the ground as regards the reception conditions and ability of the asylum system to deal with these applications.

As part of the common policy on asylum, Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU) provides a specific legal basis to deal with emergency situations . Based on a proposal by the European Commission, it enables the Council, after consulting the European Parliament, to adopt provisional measures for the benefit of Member State(s) confronted with an emergency situation characterised by a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries into one or more Member State(s).

The provisional measures envisaged by Article 78(3) TFEU are exceptional in nature . They can only be triggered when a certain threshold of urgency and severity of the problems created in the Member State(s)' asylum system(s) by a sudden inflow of third country nationals is met.

On the basis of Article 78(3) TFEU, the Council adopted two Decisions establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece. Under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 , 1 369 persons and under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 , 4 358 persons are allocated to Sweden for relocation from Italy and Greece.

A Member State may, according to Decision 2015/1601, notify the Commission and the Council that it is confronted with an emergency situation characterised by a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries due to a sharp shift of migration flows, giving duly justified reasons.

On 8 December 2015, Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601.

CONTENT: in view of assisting Sweden in better coping with this emergency situation, the proposed Decision suspends the obligations of Sweden as a Member State of relocation under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 for the period of one year.

The suspension should be complemented, as appropriate, by additional support measures coordinated by European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and, where needed, other relevant Agencies.

Sweden is still bound to relocate to its territory 1 369 persons under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and 4 358 persons under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 from Italy and Greece once the present Decision has expired. It should submit to the Council and the Commission a roadmap setting out the measures that it will take in order to ensure the effectiveness of its asylum and migration system and to resume its obligations under Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0170/2016 - Ska Keller - Am 4

2016/05/26 Outcome: -: 410, +: 170, 0: 48
NL ?? ES EE LT PT LU CY IE FI SI DK EL SK BG HR LV BE MT SE CZ HU AT RO IT GB FR DE PL
Total
23
1
45
6
9
19
5
5
10
12
6
12
19
9
14
11
8
19
6
16
16
16
17
27
62
54
61
74
45
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

4

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

2

Italy GUE/NGL

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
38

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

France Verts/ALE

4
icon: ALDE ALDE
60

Estonia ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Czechia ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Romania ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Germany ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
12

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

1

France NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Poland NI

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ENF ENF
35

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

2
icon: S&D S&D
154

Netherlands S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2
3

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Bulgaria S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
187

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

2
4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

For (1)

4

A8-0170/2016 - Ska Keller - Résolution législative

2016/05/26 Outcome: +: 396, -: 190, 0: 50
PL DE GB RO IT HU SK ES PT BG MT SE HR CZ BE LV LU AT FI DK SI CY LT IE ?? NL FR EE EL
Total
46
77
56
27
64
17
9
44
19
14
6
17
11
16
18
8
5
17
12
12
6
5
9
10
1
23
61
6
19
icon: PPE PPE
190

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

4

Luxembourg PPE

3

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Lithuania PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
155

Bulgaria S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Denmark S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
65

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Italy ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
12

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

France NI

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
58

Germany ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

For (1)

3

Portugal ALDE

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

4

Croatia ALDE

2

Czechia ALDE

3

Belgium ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: ENF ENF
35

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
39

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

France Verts/ALE

4

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
4

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3
AmendmentsDossier
8 2015/0314(NLE)
2016/04/15 LIBE 8 amendments...
source: 580.603

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
committee
LIBE
rapporteur
name: KELLER Ska date: 2016-03-16T00:00:00 group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE
shadows
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
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committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
committee
LIBE
date
2016-03-16T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: KELLER Ska group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE
shadows
docs/2/body
EC
events/3/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0170&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2016-0170_EN.html
events/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0232
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2016-0232_EN.html
activities
  • date: 2015-12-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2015/0677/COM_COM(2015)0677_EN.pdf title: COM(2015)0677 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52015PC0677:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/ title: Migration and Home Affairs Commissioner: AVRAMOPOULOS Dimitris type: Legislative proposal published
  • date: 2016-02-04T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: CORAZZA BILDT Anna Maria group: S&D name: POST Soraya group: ECR name: UJAZDOWSKI Kazimierz Michał group: ALDE name: MLINAR Angelika group: GUE/NGL name: BJÖRK Malin responsible: True committee: LIBE date: 2016-03-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: KELLER Ska
  • date: 2016-04-28T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: CORAZZA BILDT Anna Maria group: S&D name: POST Soraya group: ECR name: UJAZDOWSKI Kazimierz Michał group: ALDE name: MLINAR Angelika group: GUE/NGL name: BJÖRK Malin responsible: True committee: LIBE date: 2016-03-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: KELLER Ska
  • body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0170&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A8-0170/2016 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: CORAZZA BILDT Anna Maria group: S&D name: POST Soraya group: ECR name: UJAZDOWSKI Kazimierz Michał group: ALDE name: MLINAR Angelika group: GUE/NGL name: BJÖRK Malin responsible: True committee: LIBE date: 2016-03-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: KELLER Ska date: 2016-05-03T00:00:00
  • date: 2016-05-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0232 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T8-0232/2016 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2016-06-08T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2016-06-08T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
  • date: 2016-06-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32016D0946 title: Decision 2016/946 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2016:157:TOC title: OJ L 157 15.06.2016, p. 0023 type: Final act published in Official Journal
commission
  • body: EC dg: Migration and Home Affairs commissioner: AVRAMOPOULOS Dimitris
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
committee
LIBE
date
2016-03-16T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: KELLER Ska group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE
shadows
committees/0
body
EP
shadows
responsible
True
committee
LIBE
date
2016-03-16T00:00:00
committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
rapporteur
group: Verts/ALE name: KELLER Ska
docs
  • date: 2016-04-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE578.711 title: PE578.711 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2016-04-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE580.603 title: PE580.603 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2016-06-15T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=27172&j=0&l=en title: SP(2016)411 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2015-12-15T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2015/0677/COM_COM(2015)0677_EN.pdf title: COM(2015)0677 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2015&nu_doc=0677 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to suspend the obligations of Sweden as a Member State of relocation for the period of one year. PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion. BACKGROUND: the considerable increase of irregular border crossing into the EU and of secondary movements across Europe has led to a sharp increase in Sweden of the number of applicants for international protection, who mainly entered the EU via Italy and Greece. Sweden has in 2015 by far the highest number of applicants for international protection per capita in the EU (11 503 applicants per million inhabitants). The above situation has put a very significant strain on the Swedish asylum system, with serious practical consequences on the ground as regards the reception conditions and ability of the asylum system to deal with these applications. As part of the common policy on asylum, Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU) provides a specific legal basis to deal with emergency situations . Based on a proposal by the European Commission, it enables the Council, after consulting the European Parliament, to adopt provisional measures for the benefit of Member State(s) confronted with an emergency situation characterised by a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries into one or more Member State(s). The provisional measures envisaged by Article 78(3) TFEU are exceptional in nature . They can only be triggered when a certain threshold of urgency and severity of the problems created in the Member State(s)' asylum system(s) by a sudden inflow of third country nationals is met. On the basis of Article 78(3) TFEU, the Council adopted two Decisions establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece. Under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 , 1 369 persons and under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 , 4 358 persons are allocated to Sweden for relocation from Italy and Greece. A Member State may, according to Decision 2015/1601, notify the Commission and the Council that it is confronted with an emergency situation characterised by a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries due to a sharp shift of migration flows, giving duly justified reasons. On 8 December 2015, Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601. CONTENT: in view of assisting Sweden in better coping with this emergency situation, the proposed Decision suspends the obligations of Sweden as a Member State of relocation under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 for the period of one year. The suspension should be complemented, as appropriate, by additional support measures coordinated by European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and, where needed, other relevant Agencies. Sweden is still bound to relocate to its territory 1 369 persons under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and 4 358 persons under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 from Italy and Greece once the present Decision has expired. It should submit to the Council and the Commission a roadmap setting out the measures that it will take in order to ensure the effectiveness of its asylum and migration system and to resume its obligations under Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601.
  • date: 2016-02-04T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-04-28T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-05-03T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0170&language=EN title: A8-0170/2016 summary: The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report by Ska KELLER (Greens/EFA) on the proposal for a Council decision establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden in accordance with Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece. The committee approved the Commission proposal subject to amendments. Members stipulated in the recitals: that Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601 , having to face both challenges of being a country of first arrival and final destination; that in March 2016, Sweden had received a total of 170 104 applicants , of which 73 331 were children, including 36 181 unaccompanied minors who have special needs and require additional resources in order to provide access to health care, dignified accommodation and education according to Union asylum rules.
  • date: 2016-05-26T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=27172&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2016-05-26T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0232 title: T8-0232/2016 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 396 votes to 190, with 50 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council decision establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden in accordance with Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece. Parliament stipulated in the recitals that: Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601 , having to face both challenges of being a country of first arrival and final destination; Sweden had in 2015 by far the highest number of applicants for international protection per capita in the EU (11 503 applicants per million inhabitants) and in March 2016, Sweden had received a total of 170 104 applicants , of which 73 331 were children, including 36 181 unaccompanied minors who have special needs and require additional resources in order to provide access to health care, dignified accommodation and education according to Union asylum rules.
  • date: 2016-06-08T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2016-06-08T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2016-06-15T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to establish provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden, by suspending for one year Sweden's obligations as a Member State of relocation. NON-LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Decision (EU) 2016/946 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden in accordance with Article 9 of Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and Article 9 of Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece. CONTENT: this Decision establishes provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden , in order to support it in better coping with an emergency situation characterised by a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries. In Sweden, the number of applicants for international protection increased by more than 60 % from 68 245 applicants for the period from 1 January to 31 October 2014 to 112 040 applicants for the period from 1 January to 31 October 2015. In 2015, it had by far the highest number of applicants for international protection per capita in the Union in 2015, with 11 503 applicants per million inhabitants, with one out of four applicants claiming to be an unaccompanied minor. Taking account of this situation, the Decision stipulates that the obligations of Sweden as a Member State of relocation under Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601 shall be suspended until 16 June 2017 . The suspension of Sweden's obligations should be complemented, where appropriate, by operational support measures coordinated by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and by other relevant Agencies. Sweden should present to the Council and to the Commission a roadmap setting out the measures that it will take in order to ensure the effectiveness of its asylum and migration system and to resume its obligations under Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601 once the suspension of its obligations ceases to have effect. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 16.6.2016. docs: title: Decision 2016/946 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32016D0946 title: OJ L 157 15.06.2016, p. 0023 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2016:157:TOC
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  • See also Decision (EU) 2015/1523 2015/0125(NLE) See also Decision (EU) 2015/1601 2015/0209(NLE)
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  • See also Decision (EU) 2015/1601
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Decision 2016/946
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  • The European Parliament adopted by 396 votes to 190, with 50 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council decision establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden in accordance with Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece.

    Parliament stipulated in the recitals that:

    • Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601, having to face both challenges of being a country of first arrival and final destination;
    • Sweden had in 2015 by far the highest number of applicants for international protection per capita in the EU (11 503 applicants per million inhabitants) and in March 2016, Sweden had received a total of 170 104 applicants, of which 73 331 were children, including 36 181 unaccompanied minors who have special needs and require additional resources in order to provide access to health care, dignified accommodation and education according to Union asylum rules.
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  • The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report by Ska KELLER (Greens/EFA) on the proposal for a Council decision establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Sweden in accordance with Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and Article 9 of Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece.

    The committee approved the Commission proposal subject to amendments.

    Members stipulated in the recitals:

    • that Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601, having to face both challenges of being a country of first arrival and final destination;
    • that in March 2016, Sweden had received a total of 170 104 applicants, of which 73 331 were children, including 36 181 unaccompanied minors who have special needs and require additional resources in order to provide access to health care, dignified accommodation and education according to Union asylum rules.
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  • PURPOSE: to suspend the obligations of Sweden as a Member State of relocation for the period of one year.

    PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

    BACKGROUND: the considerable increase of irregular border crossing into the EU and of secondary movements across Europe has led to a sharp increase in Sweden of the number of applicants for international protection, who mainly entered the EU via Italy and Greece. Sweden has in 2015 by far the highest number of applicants for international protection per capita in the EU (11 503 applicants per million inhabitants).

    The above situation has put a very significant strain on the Swedish asylum system, with serious practical consequences on the ground as regards the reception conditions and ability of the asylum system to deal with these applications.

    As part of the common policy on asylum, Article 78(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU) provides a specific legal basis to deal with emergency situations. Based on a proposal by the European Commission, it enables the Council, after consulting the European Parliament, to adopt provisional measures for the benefit of Member State(s) confronted with an emergency situation characterised by a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries into one or more Member State(s).

    The provisional measures envisaged by Article 78(3) TFEU are exceptional in nature. They can only be triggered when a certain threshold of urgency and severity of the problems created in the Member State(s)' asylum system(s) by a sudden inflow of third country nationals is met. 

    On the basis of Article 78(3) TFEU, the Council adopted two Decisions establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece. Under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523, 1 369 persons and under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601, 4 358 persons are allocated to Sweden for relocation from Italy and Greece.

    A Member State may, according to Decision 2015/1601, notify the Commission and the Council that it is confronted with an emergency situation characterised by a sudden inflow of nationals of third countries due to a sharp shift of migration flows, giving duly justified reasons.

    On 8 December 2015, Sweden formally requested the suspension of its obligations under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601.

    CONTENT: in view of assisting Sweden in better coping with this emergency situation, the proposed Decision suspends the obligations of Sweden as a Member State of relocation under Council Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 for the period of one year.

    The suspension should be complemented, as appropriate, by additional support measures coordinated by European Asylum Support Office (EASO) and, where needed, other relevant Agencies.

    Sweden is still bound to relocate to its territory 1 369 persons under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1523 and 4 358 persons under the Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 from Italy and Greece once the present Decision has expired. It should submit to the Council and the Commission a roadmap setting out the measures that it will take in order to ensure the effectiveness of its asylum and migration system and to resume its obligations under Decisions (EU) 2015/1523 and (EU) 2015/1601.

activities/0/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2015/0677/COM_COM(2015)0677_EN.pdf
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  • date: 2015-12-15T00:00:00 docs: type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2015)0677 body: EC commission: type: Legislative proposal published
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  • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee: LIBE
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    procedure
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    Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 078-p3
    reference
    2015/0314(NLE)
    title
    International protection: provisional measures for the benefit of Sweden
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    Sweden
    stage_reached
    Preparatory phase in Parliament
    summary
    subtype
    Consultation of Parliament
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    NLE - Non-legislative enactments
    subject
    7.10.06 Asylum, refugees, displaced persons; Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF)