BETA


2015/2035(INL) Reform of the electoral law of the European Union

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFCO HÜBNER Danuta Maria (icon: PPE PPE), LEINEN Jo (icon: S&D S&D) UJAZDOWSKI Kazimierz Michał (icon: ECR ECR), GOULARD Sylvie (icon: ALDE ALDE), TERRICABRAS Josep-Maria (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), ANNEMANS Gerolf (icon: ENF ENF)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 46

Events

2015/11/11
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 315 votes to 234 with 55 abstentions, a resolution on the reform of the electoral law of the European Union.

Article 223 of the TFEU gives the European Parliament the right to initiate a reform of European electoral law by formulating proposals, which the Council decides upon by unanimity.

In view of the steadily decreasing turnout in European elections, in particular among the youngest voters, and voters’ lack of interest in European issues, Members felt there was a need for ideas that would help to revive European democracy.

Accordingly, Parliament proposed to reform its electoral procedure in good time before the 2019 elections, with the aim of:

enhancing the democratic and transnational dimension of the European elections and the democratic legitimacy of the EU decision-making process, reinforcing the concept of citizenship of the Union and electoral equality, promoting the principle of representative democracy and the direct representation of Union citizens in the European Parliament; improving the functioning of the European Parliament and the governance of the Union; making the work of the European Parliament more legitimate and efficient; enhancing the effectiveness of the system for conducting European elections; fostering common ownership among citizens from all Member States; enhancing the balanced composition of the European Parliament, and providing for the greatest possible degree of electoral equality and participation for citizens of the Union.

Parliament recommended the following changes to the Act concerning the election of the members of the European Parliament by direct universal suffrage ("the Electoral Act") annexed to the Council decision of 20 September 1976:

obligation of political parties participating in elections to the European Parliament to observe democratic procedures and transparency in selecting their candidates for those elections; national parties should hold a democratic vote to select their candidates for European elections; the list of candidates for election to the European Parliament shall ensure gender equality ; enhancement of the visibility of European political parties by placing their names and logos on the ballot papers, and where possible on posters used in European elections campaigns; introduction of a common deadline of twelve weeks before election day for the establishment of lists at national level and for the nomination of candidates for the post of President of the commission by European political parties so as to enable their electoral programmes to be presented, political debates between the candidates to be organised and EU-wide electoral campaigns to be mounted. introduction of an obligatory threshold for the allocation of seats in single-constituency Member States and constituencies which comprise more than 26 seats ranging between 3% and 5% for Member States using the list system; close of polling in all Member States by 21:00 hours CET on the Sunday of elections; a common deadline of eight weeks for finalisation of the electoral roll and six weeks for information concerning Union citizens with dual nationality and Union citizens living in another Member State to be exchanged with the national single authority in charge of the electoral roll; introduction of the right to vote in the European elections for all Union citizens living outside the EU; introduction of electronic and internet voting possibilities as well as voting by post mail; the office of Member of the European Parliament to be deemed incompatible with that of member of a regional parliament or assembly vested with legislative powers.

Parliament recommended to Member States that:

they should consider ways to harmonise the minimum age of voters at 16 , in order to further enhance electoral equality among Union citizens. they adopt adequate legal frameworks that ensure the highest standards of informative , fair and objective media coverage during the election campaigns, particularly from public service broadcasters; they take measures to promote adequate representation of ethnic, linguistic and other minorities in European elections.

Lastly, Parliament determines to have the right to fix the electoral period for elections to the European Parliament after consulting the Council.

Documents
2015/11/11
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2015/10/28
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2015/10/27
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2015/10/02
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The {AFCO} Committee on Constitutional Affairs adopted a report presented by co-rapporteurs Danuta Maria HÜBNER (EPP, PL) and Jo LEINEN (S&D, DE) on the reform of the electoral law of the European Union.

Article 223 of the TFEU gives the European Parliament the right to initiate a reform of European electoral law by formulating proposals, which the Council decides upon by unanimity.

With this report, the Committee on Constitutional Affairs proposed that the European Parliament should decide to reform its electoral procedure in good time before the 2019 elections, with the aim of :

enhancing the democratic and transnational dimension of the European elections and the democratic legitimacy of the EU decision-making process, reinforcing the concept of citizenship of the Union and electoral equality, promoting the principle of representative democracy and the direct representation of Union citizens in the European Parliament; improving the functioning of the European Parliament and the governance of the Union; making the work of the European Parliament more legitimate and efficient; enhancing the effectiveness of the system for conducting European elections; fostering common ownership among citizens from all Member States; enhancing the balanced composition of the European Parliament, and providing for the greatest possible degree of electoral equality and participation for citizens of the Union.

The Rapporteurs decided to propose the following changes to the Act concerning the election of the members of the European Parliament by direct universal suffrage ("the Electoral Act") annexed to the Council decision of 20 September 1976:

obligation of political parties participating in elections to the European Parliament to observe democratic procedures and transparency in selecting their candidates for those elections; the list of candidates for election to the European Parliament shall ensure gender equality ; enhancement of the visibility of European political parties by placing their names and logos on the ballot papers, and where possible on posters used in European elections campaigns; introduction of a common deadline of twelve weeks before election day for the establishment of lists at national level; introduction of an obligatory threshold for the allocation of seats in single-constituency Member States and constituencies which comprise more than 26 seats ranging between 3% and 5% for Member States using the list system; close of polling in all Member States by 21:00 hours CET on the Sunday of elections; introduction of a common deadline of 12 weeks for the nomination of lead candidates by the European political parties; introduction of a deadline for the establishment and finalisation of the electoral roll shall be eight weeks before the first election day; introduction of the right to vote in the European elections for all Union citizens living outside the EU; introduction of electronic and internet voting possibilities as well as voting by post mail.

As a future step, it is recommended to Member States that they should consider ways to harmonise the minimum age of voters at 16 , in order to further enhance electoral equality among Union citizens.

Lastly, Parliament should have the right to fix the electoral period for elections to the European Parliament after consulting the Council.

Documents
2015/09/28
   EP - Vote in committee
2015/09/10
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/09/02
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/09/01
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/06/30
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/02/26
   EP - HÜBNER Danuta Maria (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AFCO
2015/02/26
   EP - LEINEN Jo (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AFCO
2015/02/12
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0286/2015 - Danuta Maria Hübner et Jo Leinen - Am 12 #

2015/11/11 Outcome: +: 483, -: 134, 0: 10
DE IT ES FR RO EL BG PT AT LT SE HR BE IE SI LU EE MT CY LV SK NL CZ PL FI HU DK GB
Total
81
65
46
39
27
19
15
16
16
9
17
11
20
10
7
6
6
5
6
7
12
22
19
46
11
17
10
61
icon: PPE PPE
183
2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
166
3

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

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1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

3
3
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Germany ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

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3

Latvia ALDE

1

Finland ALDE

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3

Denmark ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

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1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

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1

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2

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1

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1

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1

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46

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1

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
10

Germany NI

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2

France NI

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1

Poland NI

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1

Hungary NI

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1

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Lithuania EFDD

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1

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2

Czechia EFDD

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
17

Romania ENF

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3

Belgium ENF

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1

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4

Poland ENF

2

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1
icon: ECR ECR
65

Italy ECR

2

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1

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1

Bulgaria ECR

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1

Croatia ECR

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1

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1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Finland ECR

2

Denmark ECR

2

A8-0286/2015 - Danuta Maria Hübner et Jo Leinen - Am 26 #

2015/11/11 Outcome: +: 504, -: 110, 0: 7
DE IT ES FR RO HU PT EL SE BG CZ BE AT DK HR SI LU EE SK LT CY MT NL LV FI IE PL GB
Total
79
66
45
39
26
18
16
18
18
15
19
20
16
10
11
7
6
6
12
9
5
5
22
7
10
10
44
61
icon: PPE PPE
179

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
2

Malta PPE

2

Finland PPE

1

Ireland PPE

For (1)

4
icon: S&D S&D
166

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

3

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

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1

Estonia S&D

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1

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2

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3

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1

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Germany ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

2

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

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1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

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1

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1

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3

Finland GUE/NGL

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

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1

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
10

Germany NI

2

France NI

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1

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1

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1

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icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

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1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ENF ENF
17

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

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1

Austria ENF

3

Netherlands ENF

4

Poland ENF

2

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1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

A8-0286/2015 - Danuta Maria Hübner et Jo Leinen - Am 50 #

2015/11/11 Outcome: -: 548, +: 62, 0: 18
SI EE LU LV MT CY HR LT FI EL AT IE DK PT SK NL BG HU BE CZ SE RO FR ES PL DE GB IT
Total
7
6
6
7
5
6
11
9
11
19
16
10
10
16
12
22
15
18
20
19
18
26
39
46
46
80
61
66
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6
icon: NI NI
10

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

Against (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
46

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
4

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

For (1)

Against (1)

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3
icon: ENF ENF
17

Austria ENF

3

Netherlands ENF

4

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Finland ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

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1

Denmark ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Germany ALDE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

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1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

2
icon: S&D S&D
167

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

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1

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Croatia S&D

For (1)

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2

Lithuania S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1
3
3

Netherlands S&D

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1

Bulgaria S&D

3

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

3
icon: PPE PPE
185

Slovenia PPE

For (1)

4

Estonia PPE

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1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

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2

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0286/2015 - Danuta Maria Hübner et Jo Leinen - Am 63 #

2015/11/11 Outcome: +: 360, -: 237, 0: 27
DE ES RO IT FR PT AT BG BE CZ HR SI EE LT PL MT CY LU FI IE DK NL EL SK HU LV SE GB
Total
81
45
27
66
39
16
16
15
20
18
11
7
6
9
46
5
5
6
11
10
10
21
18
12
17
7
18
61
icon: S&D S&D
165

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Czechia S&D

2

Croatia S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Denmark S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1
icon: PPE PPE
183

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Finland PPE

Abstain (1)

2

Ireland PPE

Against (1)

4

Denmark PPE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Germany ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Finland ALDE

For (1)

3

Ireland ALDE

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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1

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1

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

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1

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1

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2

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6
icon: NI NI
10

Germany NI

2

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Against (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
16

Romania ENF

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1

Austria ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
46

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
4

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

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1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Denmark ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

A8-0286/2015 - Danuta Maria Hübner et Jo Leinen - Am 2/1 #

2015/11/11 Outcome: +: 392, -: 204, 0: 31
IT DE RO FR HU PL BG BE ES PT HR DK AT SI LU EE CY LT FI IE LV CZ MT SE EL NL SK GB
Total
65
81
27
39
18
47
15
20
46
16
11
9
16
7
6
6
6
9
11
9
7
19
5
18
19
21
12
61
icon: S&D S&D
168
3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Czechia S&D

3

Malta S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
182

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
2

Finland PPE

Abstain (1)

2

Malta PPE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Germany ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Romania ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

Against (1)

4

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

3

Finland ALDE

For (1)

3

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: NI NI
10

Germany NI

2

France NI

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Poland NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
17

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1
2

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Austria ENF

3

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Poland EFDD

1

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

France Verts/ALE

5

Hungary Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
65

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

A8-0286/2015 - Danuta Maria Hübner et Jo Leinen - Am 2/2 #

2015/11/11 Outcome: +: 378, -: 228, 0: 18
DE RO FR HU BG IT BE ES PT HR AT SK SI EE CY DK LU PL LT CZ LV MT FI IE NL SE EL GB
Total
79
26
38
18
15
65
20
46
16
11
16
12
7
6
6
10
6
47
8
19
7
5
11
10
22
18
18
61
icon: PPE PPE
181

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

1

Malta PPE

2

Finland PPE

Abstain (1)

2
icon: S&D S&D
165
3

Belgium S&D