BETA


2015/2096(INI) EU/Viet Nam Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET LOCHBIHLER Barbara (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) PREDA Cristian Dan (icon: PPE PPE), GILL Neena (icon: S&D S&D), BASHIR Amjad (icon: ECR ECR), VAUTMANS Hilde (icon: ALDE ALDE), SCHOLZ Helmut (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), CASTALDO Fabio Massimo (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 105-p2

Events

2015/12/17
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2015/12/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 475 votes to 64, with 95 abstentions, a resolution containing a motion for a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Vietnam , of the other part.

Parliament recalled that the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement aims to establish a modern, broad-based and mutually beneficial partnership, based on shared interests and principles such as equality, mutual respect, the rule of law and human rights. It stated that the EU is Vietnam’s biggest export market and is the largest ODA provider to Vietnam and there will be an EU budget increase for this purpose of 30 % to EUR 400 million in 2014-2020.

A favourable agreement : Parliament welcomed the conclusion of the Agreement and underlined the major strategic importance held by Vietnam as a crucial partner of the EU in South East Asia and ASEAN. Vietnam and the EU are urged to continue economic, trade and new technology cooperation in multilateral fora.

Human Rights : if Vietnam's economic growth is no doubt related to the implementation of the Agreement, Parliament hoped that it will also have a favourable impact on respect for democratic principles and human rights. It welcomed the decision of the Vietnamese authorities to lift the visa regime for citizens of five European countries and believed that this decision will stimulate stronger cooperation in the tourism sector.

Members welcomed the announcement by the Prime Minister of Vietnam of a ‘master plan’ for implementing the recommendations of the UNHRC’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR), as well as the judicial reform strategy that should be concluded by 2020.

They encouraged the EU to continue support for Vietnam’s capacity development in promoting respect for good governance and the rule of law and combating corruption. They called on Parliament and the Commission to evaluate in close consultation any human rights abuses in order to ensure the proper democratic oversight of the implementation of the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement.

However, contrary to the committee’s position, plenary did not call for the creation of an instrument to monitor developments on human rights in the context of the negotiations on the FTA. However, it called on the Vice President/High Representative to ensure that the policies the EU and its Member States pursue in the context of the implementation of the PCA and the future FTA with Vietnam help advance the respect for human rights, the rule of law and good governance and called for capacity building to enhance the settlement of complaints by affected individuals and communities. The Vietnamese Government to strengthen the involvement of civil society through the participation of associations and NGOs in the country’s political, economic and social development.

Members deplored the fact that more than 500 prisoners are estimated to be on death row and called on the Vietnamese Government to establish an immediate moratorium on executions .

Parliament urged the ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court by Vietnam.

Child prostitution : Parliament expressed concern about Vietnam being one of the major source countries for victims of human trafficking, and about reports of large numbers of children, especially boys who are not protected by the law against sexual abuse. It urged Vietnam to develop strong and effective child protection laws that protect all children regardless of their gender. The Commission is also called on to support Vietnam in strengthening its capacities in the field of migration policies and the fight against human trafficking and organised crime and to urgently ensure that key protection provisions set out in the EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings are fully implemented .

On the issue of workers’ rights , Parliament took note that the garment and textile industry, which employs more than two million workers, is Vietnam’s largest export sector, and is concerned about the lack of mechanisms available for workers to defend their rights. It called for Vietnam to ratify the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No 87 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Rights to Organise and Convention No 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining.

Parliament also called for:

the respect the right to freedom of expression, association and assembly; the respect for freedom of religion (for Buddhists, Hoa Hao followers of cults and Cao Dai, and Christians); the fight against human trafficking; resolute measures to protect children; the fight against land grabbing; measures against HIV/AIDS; the defence of the rights of LGBTI people.

Parliament urged the Vietnamese authorities to thoroughly investigate the abuses made against journalists, bloggers and whistle-blowers and to put in place greater anti-corruption efforts.

Sustainable development and respect for the environment : Parliament commended the inclusion in the future Free Trade Agreement of a chapter on trade and sustainable development, commitments to the core labour standards and Conventions of the ILO and the conservation and sustainable management of natural resources.

It expressed serious concern over environmental damage in Vietnam, in particular, pollution, deforestation and unsustainable mining activities that destroy whole regions. It urged the Vietnamese Government to introduce measures to guarantee the effective enforcement of legislation to protect the environment and biodiversity and called on the Commission to provide the necessary capacity-building support for this purpose.

Members noted that the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment adopted a climate change adaptation strategy. They pointed out that the country is engaged in developing biomass and solar energy and welcomes the strong focus of the EU aid package (2014-2020) on sustainable energy development.

Furthermore, the Commission and the Member States are called upon, in view of the health and environmental legacy of the Vietnam War, to consider setting up a fund to support victims and war veterans , and also to step up action through the dispatch of specialist missions to decontaminate harmful substances and demine areas which even now, 40 years after the conflict has ended, continue to claim victims. Parliament called on the government to reconsider its decision to build and operate Vietnam’s first nuclear power plant located in Ninh.

Conflict management : Parliament called on China and the neighbouring countries concerned including Vietnam to intensify efforts to defuse tension in the contested area in the South China Sea .

It considered that the situation risks jeopardising major EU interests in the region, including in terms of global security and the freedom of navigation of major maritime routes that are vital for EU trade. It urged the Commission and Vice-President / High Representative to actively monitor the situation and support a solution to the dispute in accordance with international law.

Lastly, in an amendment adopted in plenary, Parliament stressed that, according to Article 218(10) TFEU, Parliament must be immediately and fully informed at all stages of the procedure concerning the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement; this should include providing Parliament with extensive written information on the objectives pursued by EU actions and positions, in particular on the evolution in the situation of human rights, freedom of expression and the rule of law in the country. It stressed furthermore, the fundamental role played by EU Delegation Focal Points in the monitoring of human rights in the country.

Documents
2015/12/17
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2015/12/16
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2015/11/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Barbara LOCHBIHLER (Greens/EFA, DE) containing a motion for a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Vietnam , of the other part.

Members recalled that the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement aims to establish a modern, broad-based and mutually beneficial partnership, based on shared interests and principles such as equality, mutual respect, the rule of law and human rights. They stated that the EU is Vietnam’s biggest export market and is the largest ODA provider to Vietnam and there will be an EU budget increase for this purpose of 30 % to EUR 400 million in 2014-2020.

A favourable agreement : Members welcomed the conclusion of the Agreement and underlined the major strategic importance held by Vietnam as a crucial partner of the EU in South East Asia and ASEAN. Vietnam and the EU are urged to continue economic, trade and new technology cooperation in multilateral fora; welcomes the near doubling of Vietnamese GDP per capita since 2010.

Human Rights : if Vietnam's economic growth is no doubt related to the implementation of the Agreement, Members hoped that it will also have a favourable impact on respect for democratic principles and human rights. They welcomed the decision of the Vietnamese authorities to lift the visa regime for citizens of five European countries and believes that this decision will stimulate stronger cooperation in the tourism sector.

Members welcomed the announcement by the Prime Minister of Vietnam of a ‘master plan’ for implementing the recommendations of the UNHRC’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR), as well as the judicial reform strategy that should be concluded by 2020.

They encouraged the EU to continue support for Vietnam’s capacity development in promoting respect for good governance and the rule of law and combating corruption. They called on Parliament and the Commission to evaluate in close consultation any human rights abuses in order to ensure the proper democratic oversight of the implementation of the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement.

Moreover, they called on the EU and Vietnam to work towards creating an instrument to monitor developments on human rights in the context of the negotiations on the FTA.

They deplored the fact that more than 500 prisoners are estimated to be on death row and called on the Vietnamese Government to establish an immediate moratorium on executions .

Members urged the ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court by Vietnam.

On the issue of workers’ rights, Members took note that the garment and textile industry , which employs more than two million workers, is Vietnam’s largest export sector, and is concerned about the lack of mechanisms available for workers to defend their rights. They called for Vietnam to ratify the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No 87 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Rights to Organise and Convention No 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining.

Members also called for:

the respect the right to freedom of expression, association and assembly; the respect for freedom of religion (for Buddhists, Hoa Hao followers of cults and Cao Dai, and Christians); the fight against human trafficking; resolute measures to protect children; the fight against land grabbing; measures against HIV/AIDS; the defence of the rights of LGBTI people.

Members urged the Vietnamese authorities to thoroughly investigate the abuses made against journalists, bloggers and whistle-blowers and to put in place greater anti-corruption efforts.

Sustainable development and respect for the environment : Members commended the inclusion in the future Free Trade Agreement of a chapter on trade and sustainable development, commitments to the core labour standards and Conventions of the ILO and the conservation and sustainable management of natural resources.

They expressed serious concern over environmental damage in Vietnam, in particular, pollution, deforestation and unsustainable mining activities that destroy whole regions. They urged the Vietnamese Government to introduce measures to guarantee the effective enforcement of legislation to protect the environment and biodiversity and called on the Commission to provide the necessary capacity-building support for this purpose.

Members noted that the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment adopted a climate change adaptation strategy. They pointed out that the country is engaged in developing biomass and solar energy and welcomes the strong focus of the EU aid package (2014-2020) on sustainable energy development.

Furthermore, the Commission and the Member States are called upon, in view of the health and environmental legacy of the Vietnam War, to consider setting up a fund to support victims and war veterans , and also to step up action through the dispatch of specialist missions to decontaminate harmful substances and demine areas which even now, 40 years after the conflict has ended, continue to claim victims. Members called on the government to reconsider its decision to build and operate Vietnam’s first nuclear power plant located in Ninh.

Conflict management : Members called on China and the neighbouring countries concerned including Vietnam to intensify efforts to defuse tension in the contested area in the South China Sea .

They considered that the situation risks jeopardising major EU interests in the region, including in terms of global security and the freedom of navigation of major maritime routes that are vital for EU trade. They urged the Commission and Vice-President / High Representative to actively monitor the situation and support a solution to the dispute in accordance with international law.

Lastly, Members called for the establishment of a regular communication mechanism or forum between the EEAS and Parliament , so as to ensure transparency and allow the latter to monitor the implementation of the Agreement’s objectives notably by providing Parliament with information on the objectives pursued by EU actions and positions, and on all issues relating to Vietnam and by fully involving civil society.

Documents
2015/11/16
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2015/09/18
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/06/30
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/03/31
   EP - LOCHBIHLER Barbara (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0342/2015 - Barbara Lochbihler - Résolution

2015/12/17 Outcome: +: 475, 0: 95, -: 64
DE IT ES RO FR PL BE AT SE HU CZ PT BG GB HR SK LT NL FI DK SI LU IE MT EE LV CY EL
Total
79
60
37
23
63
48
20
17
19
17
19
18
13
56
11
12
9
23
11
12
7
6
10
6
5
6
6
20
icon: PPE PPE
179

Lithuania PPE

1

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
163
3

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
60

Romania ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
42

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Italy ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Finland ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

France EFDD

1

Poland EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

2

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1
3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Italy GUE/NGL

3

France GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
4

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: ENF ENF
32

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1
3

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4
AmendmentsDossier
136 2015/2096(INI)
2015/09/18 AFET 136 amendments...
source: 567.732

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
committee_full
Foreign Affairs
committee
AFET
associated
False
rapporteur
name: LOCHBIHLER Barbara date: 2015-03-31T00:00:00 group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE
shadows
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
committee_full
Foreign Affairs
committee
AFET
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False
date
2015-03-31T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: LOCHBIHLER Barbara group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE
shadows
events/1/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2015-0342&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2015-0342_EN.html
events/4/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2015-0468
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2015-0468_EN.html
activities
  • date: 2015-11-16T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: PREDA Cristian Dan group: S&D name: GILL Neena group: ECR name: BASHIR Amjad group: ALDE name: VAUTMANS Hilde group: GUE/NGL name: SCHOLZ Helmut group: EFD name: CASTALDO Fabio Massimo responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2015-03-31T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: LOCHBIHLER Barbara
  • date: 2015-11-24T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2015-0342&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A8-0342/2015 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2015-12-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20151216&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2015-12-17T00:00:00 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
committee_full
Foreign Affairs
committee
AFET
associated
False
date
2015-03-31T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: LOCHBIHLER Barbara group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE
shadows
committees/0
body
EP
shadows
responsible
True
committee
AFET
date
2015-03-31T00:00:00
committee_full
Foreign Affairs
rapporteur
group: Verts/ALE name: LOCHBIHLER Barbara
docs
  • date: 2015-06-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE560.909 title: PE560.909 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2015-09-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE567.732 title: PE567.732 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
events
  • date: 2015-11-16T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2015-11-24T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2015-0342&language=EN title: A8-0342/2015 summary: The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Barbara LOCHBIHLER (Greens/EFA, DE) containing a motion for a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Vietnam , of the other part. Members recalled that the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement aims to establish a modern, broad-based and mutually beneficial partnership, based on shared interests and principles such as equality, mutual respect, the rule of law and human rights. They stated that the EU is Vietnam’s biggest export market and is the largest ODA provider to Vietnam and there will be an EU budget increase for this purpose of 30 % to EUR 400 million in 2014-2020. A favourable agreement : Members welcomed the conclusion of the Agreement and underlined the major strategic importance held by Vietnam as a crucial partner of the EU in South East Asia and ASEAN. Vietnam and the EU are urged to continue economic, trade and new technology cooperation in multilateral fora; welcomes the near doubling of Vietnamese GDP per capita since 2010. Human Rights : if Vietnam's economic growth is no doubt related to the implementation of the Agreement, Members hoped that it will also have a favourable impact on respect for democratic principles and human rights. They welcomed the decision of the Vietnamese authorities to lift the visa regime for citizens of five European countries and believes that this decision will stimulate stronger cooperation in the tourism sector. Members welcomed the announcement by the Prime Minister of Vietnam of a ‘master plan’ for implementing the recommendations of the UNHRC’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR), as well as the judicial reform strategy that should be concluded by 2020. They encouraged the EU to continue support for Vietnam’s capacity development in promoting respect for good governance and the rule of law and combating corruption. They called on Parliament and the Commission to evaluate in close consultation any human rights abuses in order to ensure the proper democratic oversight of the implementation of the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Moreover, they called on the EU and Vietnam to work towards creating an instrument to monitor developments on human rights in the context of the negotiations on the FTA. They deplored the fact that more than 500 prisoners are estimated to be on death row and called on the Vietnamese Government to establish an immediate moratorium on executions . Members urged the ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court by Vietnam. On the issue of workers’ rights, Members took note that the garment and textile industry , which employs more than two million workers, is Vietnam’s largest export sector, and is concerned about the lack of mechanisms available for workers to defend their rights. They called for Vietnam to ratify the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No 87 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Rights to Organise and Convention No 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining. Members also called for: the respect the right to freedom of expression, association and assembly; the respect for freedom of religion (for Buddhists, Hoa Hao followers of cults and Cao Dai, and Christians); the fight against human trafficking; resolute measures to protect children; the fight against land grabbing; measures against HIV/AIDS; the defence of the rights of LGBTI people. Members urged the Vietnamese authorities to thoroughly investigate the abuses made against journalists, bloggers and whistle-blowers and to put in place greater anti-corruption efforts. Sustainable development and respect for the environment : Members commended the inclusion in the future Free Trade Agreement of a chapter on trade and sustainable development, commitments to the core labour standards and Conventions of the ILO and the conservation and sustainable management of natural resources. They expressed serious concern over environmental damage in Vietnam, in particular, pollution, deforestation and unsustainable mining activities that destroy whole regions. They urged the Vietnamese Government to introduce measures to guarantee the effective enforcement of legislation to protect the environment and biodiversity and called on the Commission to provide the necessary capacity-building support for this purpose. Members noted that the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment adopted a climate change adaptation strategy. They pointed out that the country is engaged in developing biomass and solar energy and welcomes the strong focus of the EU aid package (2014-2020) on sustainable energy development. Furthermore, the Commission and the Member States are called upon, in view of the health and environmental legacy of the Vietnam War, to consider setting up a fund to support victims and war veterans , and also to step up action through the dispatch of specialist missions to decontaminate harmful substances and demine areas which even now, 40 years after the conflict has ended, continue to claim victims. Members called on the government to reconsider its decision to build and operate Vietnam’s first nuclear power plant located in Ninh. Conflict management : Members called on China and the neighbouring countries concerned including Vietnam to intensify efforts to defuse tension in the contested area in the South China Sea . They considered that the situation risks jeopardising major EU interests in the region, including in terms of global security and the freedom of navigation of major maritime routes that are vital for EU trade. They urged the Commission and Vice-President / High Representative to actively monitor the situation and support a solution to the dispute in accordance with international law. Lastly, Members called for the establishment of a regular communication mechanism or forum between the EEAS and Parliament , so as to ensure transparency and allow the latter to monitor the implementation of the Agreement’s objectives notably by providing Parliament with information on the objectives pursued by EU actions and positions, and on all issues relating to Vietnam and by fully involving civil society.
  • date: 2015-12-16T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20151216&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2015-12-17T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=26416&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2015-12-17T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2015-0468 title: T8-0468/2015 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 475 votes to 64, with 95 abstentions, a resolution containing a motion for a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Vietnam , of the other part. Parliament recalled that the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement aims to establish a modern, broad-based and mutually beneficial partnership, based on shared interests and principles such as equality, mutual respect, the rule of law and human rights. It stated that the EU is Vietnam’s biggest export market and is the largest ODA provider to Vietnam and there will be an EU budget increase for this purpose of 30 % to EUR 400 million in 2014-2020. A favourable agreement : Parliament welcomed the conclusion of the Agreement and underlined the major strategic importance held by Vietnam as a crucial partner of the EU in South East Asia and ASEAN. Vietnam and the EU are urged to continue economic, trade and new technology cooperation in multilateral fora. Human Rights : if Vietnam's economic growth is no doubt related to the implementation of the Agreement, Parliament hoped that it will also have a favourable impact on respect for democratic principles and human rights. It welcomed the decision of the Vietnamese authorities to lift the visa regime for citizens of five European countries and believed that this decision will stimulate stronger cooperation in the tourism sector. Members welcomed the announcement by the Prime Minister of Vietnam of a ‘master plan’ for implementing the recommendations of the UNHRC’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR), as well as the judicial reform strategy that should be concluded by 2020. They encouraged the EU to continue support for Vietnam’s capacity development in promoting respect for good governance and the rule of law and combating corruption. They called on Parliament and the Commission to evaluate in close consultation any human rights abuses in order to ensure the proper democratic oversight of the implementation of the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. However, contrary to the committee’s position, plenary did not call for the creation of an instrument to monitor developments on human rights in the context of the negotiations on the FTA. However, it called on the Vice President/High Representative to ensure that the policies the EU and its Member States pursue in the context of the implementation of the PCA and the future FTA with Vietnam help advance the respect for human rights, the rule of law and good governance and called for capacity building to enhance the settlement of complaints by affected individuals and communities. The Vietnamese Government to strengthen the involvement of civil society through the participation of associations and NGOs in the country’s political, economic and social development. Members deplored the fact that more than 500 prisoners are estimated to be on death row and called on the Vietnamese Government to establish an immediate moratorium on executions . Parliament urged the ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court by Vietnam. Child prostitution : Parliament expressed concern about Vietnam being one of the major source countries for victims of human trafficking, and about reports of large numbers of children, especially boys who are not protected by the law against sexual abuse. It urged Vietnam to develop strong and effective child protection laws that protect all children regardless of their gender. The Commission is also called on to support Vietnam in strengthening its capacities in the field of migration policies and the fight against human trafficking and organised crime and to urgently ensure that key protection provisions set out in the EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings are fully implemented . On the issue of workers’ rights , Parliament took note that the garment and textile industry, which employs more than two million workers, is Vietnam’s largest export sector, and is concerned about the lack of mechanisms available for workers to defend their rights. It called for Vietnam to ratify the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No 87 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Rights to Organise and Convention No 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining. Parliament also called for: the respect the right to freedom of expression, association and assembly; the respect for freedom of religion (for Buddhists, Hoa Hao followers of cults and Cao Dai, and Christians); the fight against human trafficking; resolute measures to protect children; the fight against land grabbing; measures against HIV/AIDS; the defence of the rights of LGBTI people. Parliament urged the Vietnamese authorities to thoroughly investigate the abuses made against journalists, bloggers and whistle-blowers and to put in place greater anti-corruption efforts. Sustainable development and respect for the environment : Parliament commended the inclusion in the future Free Trade Agreement of a chapter on trade and sustainable development, commitments to the core labour standards and Conventions of the ILO and the conservation and sustainable management of natural resources. It expressed serious concern over environmental damage in Vietnam, in particular, pollution, deforestation and unsustainable mining activities that destroy whole regions. It urged the Vietnamese Government to introduce measures to guarantee the effective enforcement of legislation to protect the environment and biodiversity and called on the Commission to provide the necessary capacity-building support for this purpose. Members noted that the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment adopted a climate change adaptation strategy. They pointed out that the country is engaged in developing biomass and solar energy and welcomes the strong focus of the EU aid package (2014-2020) on sustainable energy development. Furthermore, the Commission and the Member States are called upon, in view of the health and environmental legacy of the Vietnam War, to consider setting up a fund to support victims and war veterans , and also to step up action through the dispatch of specialist missions to decontaminate harmful substances and demine areas which even now, 40 years after the conflict has ended, continue to claim victims. Parliament called on the government to reconsider its decision to build and operate Vietnam’s first nuclear power plant located in Ninh. Conflict management : Parliament called on China and the neighbouring countries concerned including Vietnam to intensify efforts to defuse tension in the contested area in the South China Sea . It considered that the situation risks jeopardising major EU interests in the region, including in terms of global security and the freedom of navigation of major maritime routes that are vital for EU trade. It urged the Commission and Vice-President / High Representative to actively monitor the situation and support a solution to the dispute in accordance with international law. Lastly, in an amendment adopted in plenary, Parliament stressed that, according to Article 218(10) TFEU, Parliament must be immediately and fully informed at all stages of the procedure concerning the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement; this should include providing Parliament with extensive written information on the objectives pursued by EU actions and positions, in particular on the evolution in the situation of human rights, freedom of expression and the rule of law in the country. It stressed furthermore, the fundamental role played by EU Delegation Focal Points in the monitoring of human rights in the country.
  • date: 2015-12-17T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
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    • 6.20.03 Bilateral economic and trade agreements and relations
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    • The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Barbara LOCHBIHLER (Greens/EFA, DE) containing a motion for a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Vietnam, of the other part.

      Members recalled that the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement aims to establish a modern, broad-based and mutually beneficial partnership, based on shared interests and principles such as equality, mutual respect, the rule of law and human rights. They stated that the EU is Vietnam’s biggest export market and is the largest ODA provider to Vietnam and there will be an EU budget increase for this purpose of 30 % to EUR 400 million in 2014-2020.

      A favourable agreement: Members welcomed the conclusion of the Agreement and underlined the major strategic importance held by Vietnam as a crucial partner of the EU in South East Asia and ASEAN. Vietnam and the EU are urged to continue economic, trade and new technology cooperation in multilateral fora; welcomes the near doubling of Vietnamese GDP per capita since 2010.

      Human Rights: if Vietnam's economic growth is no doubt related to the implementation of the Agreement, Members hoped that it will also have a favourable impact on respect for democratic principles and human rights. They welcomed the decision of the Vietnamese authorities to lift the visa regime for citizens of five European countries and believes that this decision will stimulate stronger cooperation in the tourism sector.

      Members welcomed the announcement by the Prime Minister of Vietnam of a ‘master plan’ for implementing the recommendations of the UNHRC’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR), as well as the judicial reform strategy that should be concluded by 2020.

      They encouraged the EU to continue support for Vietnam’s capacity development in promoting respect for good governance and the rule of law and combating corruption. They called on Parliament and the Commission to evaluate in close consultation any human rights abuses in order to ensure the proper democratic oversight of the implementation of the Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation Agreement.

      Moreover, they called on the EU and Vietnam to work towards creating an instrument to monitor developments on human rights in the context of the negotiations on the FTA.

      They deplored the fact that more than 500 prisoners are estimated to be on death row and called on the Vietnamese Government to establish an immediate moratorium on executions.

      Members urged the ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court by Vietnam.

      On the issue of workers’ rights, Members took note that the garment and textile industry, which employs more than two million workers, is Vietnam’s largest export sector, and is concerned about the lack of mechanisms available for workers to defend their rights. They called for Vietnam to ratify the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No 87 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Rights to Organise and Convention No 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining.

      Members also called for:

      • the respect the right to freedom of expression, association and assembly;
      • the respect for freedom of religion (for Buddhists, Hoa Hao followers of cults and Cao Dai, and Christians);
      • the fight against human trafficking;
      • resolute measures to protect children;
      • the fight against land grabbing;
      • measures against HIV/AIDS;
      • the defence of the rights of LGBTI people.

      Members urged the Vietnamese authorities to thoroughly investigate the abuses made against journalists, bloggers and whistle-blowers and to put in place greater anti-corruption efforts.

      Sustainable development and respect for the environment: Members commended the inclusion in the future Free Trade Agreement of a chapter on trade and sustainable development, commitments to the core labour standards and Conventions of the ILO and the conservation and sustainable management of natural resources.

      They expressed serious concern over environmental damage in Vietnam, in particular, pollution, deforestation and unsustainable mining activities that destroy whole regions. They urged the Vietnamese Government to introduce measures to guarantee the effective enforcement of legislation to protect the environment and biodiversity and called on the Commission to provide the necessary capacity-building support for this purpose.

      Members noted that the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment adopted a climate change adaptation strategy. They pointed out that the country is engaged in developing biomass and solar energy and welcomes the strong focus of the EU aid package (2014-2020) on sustainable energy development.

      Furthermore, the Commission and the Member States are called upon, in view of the health and environmental legacy of the Vietnam War, to consider setting up a fund to support victims and war veterans, and also to step up action through the dispatch of specialist missions to decontaminate harmful substances and demine areas which even now, 40 years after the conflict has ended, continue to claim victims. Members called on the government to reconsider its decision to build and operate Vietnam’s first nuclear power plant located in Ninh.

      Conflict management: Members called on China and the neighbouring countries concerned including Vietnam to intensify efforts to defuse tension in the contested area in the South China Sea.

      They considered that the situation risks jeopardising major EU interests in the region, including in terms of global security and the freedom of navigation of major maritime routes that are vital for EU trade. They urged the Commission and Vice-President / High Representative to actively monitor the situation and support a solution to the dispute in accordance with international law.

      Lastly, Members called for the establishment of a regular communication mechanism or forum between the EEAS and Parliament, so as to ensure transparency and allow the latter to monitor the implementation of the Agreement’s objectives notably by providing Parliament with information on the objectives pursued by EU actions and positions, and on all issues relating to Vietnam and by fully involving civil society.

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