BETA


2015/2109(INI) Fisheries aspects within the international agreement on marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead PECH NICOLAI Norica (icon: ALDE ALDE) CADEC Alain (icon: PPE PPE), SERRÃO SANTOS Ricardo (icon: S&D S&D), DUNCAN Ian (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2016/04/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2016/04/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 651 to 8 with 53 abstentions a resolution on the fisheries aspects within the international agreement on marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

Preservation of biodiversity : Parliament stressed that the preservation and conservation of marine biological diversity is a common concern for all humankind and should be treated as such. The outcome document of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro, 2012 underlined that protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development are the overarching objectives of and essential requirements for sustainable development.

The resolution recalled that the ocean plays an integral role in many of the Earth’s systems including climate and weather and is the place where a wide range of human activities are conducted such as fishing, energy, transport and trade.

An estimated 64 % of the sea, notably the high seas and the deep seabed, are areas beyond the national jurisdiction of states and are governed by international law. However, less than 1 % of areas beyond national jurisdiction are protected as a result of the establishment of marine protected areas.

Towards a binding legal instrument : the EU plays a key role in the world governance of the seas and oceans and exerts great influence internationally with regard to fisheries. Parliament felt that this leading role implies that the EU is responsible for adopting a proactive policy regarding the protection of marine biodiversity worldwide.

It welcomed the decision taken by the UN General Assembly to develop an international legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction in order, amongst other things, to address the current shortcomings. It highlighted the importance of achieving the aim of finalising the draft text by the end of 2017.

Improving governance of the oceans : the EU and the international community must promote conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity by implementing, among other measures, modern and sustainable concepts of marine ecosystem management , as well as principles of ocean governance by:

· managing the exploitation of marine resources (be it exploitation of minerals, energy drilling, etc.) and fisheries,

· incorporating science-based marine governance,

· restoring and maintaining stocks above levels which are capable of producing maximum sustainable yield,

· ecosystem-based management and conservation of marine biodiversity,

· enforcement of existing legislation, and the precautionary approach.

Taking into consideration the major actor position of the EU fishing industry and market and the fact that the European fisheries policy is geared towards sustainability, Members encouraged the Commission to further promote, coordinate, and ensure that the impact of human activities, including fisheries and all forms of sea bed and ocean exploitation, on biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction is effectively addressed within the context of this new international agreement. They noted the need to further promote the enforcement of existing legislation and to develop the necessary management tools to ensure coherence and consistency.

The Commission was urged to:

· call upon states that have not done so to ratify or accede to the UNCLOS;

· promote a holistic and comprehensive approach with regard to marine protected areas (MPAs) because no genuine coordination and cooperation on conservation efforts is possible without the participation of the widest possible circle of stakeholders involved in a comprehensive variety of human marine activities in oceans and seas;

· promote the designation and implementation of ecologically or biologically significant marine areas in areas beyond national jurisdiction;

· process a set of comprehensive data on marine biodiversity in Europe’s regional seas;

· promote enhanced cooperation, coordination, transparency and accountability between all concerned stakeholders , including between the new instruments negotiated, the existing United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement and FAO instruments, Regional fisheries management organisations and other sectoral bodies such as, inter alia, the International Seabed Authority and the International Maritime Organisation;

· push, in the context of the new international agreement, for recognition of environmental damage at sea and identification of the chain of responsibility for such damage.

New institutional mechanism : Parliament asked the Commission and Member States to promote, within the mandate of the new international agreement under UNCLOS, the development of an institutional mechanism for the implementation of prior Environmental Impact Assessment, with a solid scientific basis as far as practicable. These must be accompanied by detailed environmental and socio-economic monitoring.

Developing countries : the new international agreement should, moreover, address the specific needs of developing countries, in particular small island states, in terms of capacity-building with a view to achieving the goals of the international community concerning Marine Protected Areas.

Members underlined that the seas and oceans have a potential for blue growth that is still largely untapped, such as in the areas of renewable energy and pharmaceutical products, which could also be seen as a valid development path for today’s developing countries.

Lastly, Parliament called for the EU to take a leading role in combating plastic marine litter , which was a threat to marine biodiversity, and for the relevant research to be funded under the blue economy.

Documents
2016/04/12
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2016/04/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/02/25
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Fisheries adopted the own-initiative report by Norica NICOLAI (ADLE, RO) on the fisheries aspects within the international agreement on marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

The ocean plays an integral role in many of the Earth’s systems including climate and weather and is the place where a wide range of human activities are conducted such as fishing, energy, transport and trade .

An estimated 64 % of the sea, notably the high seas and the deep seabed, are areas beyond the national jurisdiction of states and are governed by international law. However, less than 1 % of areas beyond national jurisdiction are protected as a result of the establishment of marine protected areas.

Members stated that the preservation and conservation of marine biological diversity is a common concern for all humankind and should be treated as such.

In 2012, in the document published as a result of the latest UN Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro, called Rio+20 as a link to the first Rio Agenda, the international community restated its determination in tackling the environmental problems and the need for sustainable development.

Against this background, Members welcomed the decision taken by the UN General Assembly to develop an international legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction in order, amongst other things, to address the current shortcomings. They highlighted the importance of making swift yet careful progress in developing this new instrument and of achieving the aim of finalising the draft text by the end of 2017 .

Members called on the EU and the international community to promote conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity by implementing, among other measures, modern and sustainable concepts of marine ecosystem management , as well as principles of ocean governance by:

managing the exploitation of marine resources (be it exploitation of minerals, energy drilling, etc.) and fisheries, incorporating science-based marine governance, restoring and maintaining stocks above levels which are capable of producing maximum sustainable yield, ecosystem-based management and conservation of marine biodiversity, enforcement of existing legislation, and the precautionary approach.

Taking into consideration the major actor position of the EU fishing industry and market and the fact that the European fisheries policy is geared towards sustainability, Members encouraged the Commission to further promote, coordinate, and ensure that the impact of human activities, including fisheries and all forms of sea bed and ocean exploitation, on biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction is effectively addressed within the context of this new international agreement . They noted the need to further promote the enforcement of existing legislation and to develop the necessary management tools to ensure coherence and consistency.

The Commission is urged to:

call upon states that have not done so to ratify or accede to the UNCLOS; promote a holistic and comprehensive approach with regard to marine protected areas (MPAs) because no genuine coordination and cooperation on conservation efforts is possible without the participation of the widest possible circle of stakeholders involved in a comprehensive variety of human marine activities in oceans and seas; promote the designation and implementation of ecologically or biologically significant marine areas in areas beyond national jurisdiction; process a set of comprehensive data on marine biodiversity in Europe’s regional seas; work with all the relevant stakeholders to continue to support and promote, within the context of the new international agreement, the development of an institutional mechanism for the designation, management and establishment of necessary provisions concerning monitoring and enforcement of connected, coherent, workable and representative networks of marine protected areas as essential tools to ensure ecological and biological connectivity; promote enhanced cooperation, coordination, transparency and accountability between all concerned stakeholders, including between the new instruments negotiated, the existing United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement and FAO instruments, Regional fisheries management organisations and other sectoral bodies such as, inter alia, the International Seabed Authority and the International Maritime Organisation; push, in the context of the new international agreement, for recognition of environmental damage at sea and identification of the chain of responsibility for such damage.

Members stressed that the new international agreement should address the specific needs of developing countries , in particular small island states, in terms of capacity-building with a view to achieving the goals of the international community concerning marine protected areas (MPAs), among other things.

The Commission and Member States are urged to support and promote, within the mandate of the new international agreement under UNCLOS, the development of an institutional mechanism for the implementation of prior Environmental Impact Assessment for activities with a potential significant impact on the marine environment, including for the exploitation of marine resources, with a solid scientific basis as far as practicable and that these activities are accompanied by detailed environmental and socio-economic monitoring .

Members also called for the EU to take a leading role in combating plastic marine litter and for the relevant research to be funded under the blue economy .

Documents
2016/02/17
   EP - Vote in committee
2016/01/18
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/11/17
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/05/21
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2015/05/12
   EP - NICOLAI Norica (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in PECH

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0042/2016 - Norica Nicolai - Vote unique #

2016/04/12 Outcome: +: 651, 0: 53, -: 8
DE IT FR GB ES PL RO PT BE HU CZ EL NL BG SE AT FI SK DK HR LT IE LV SI LU CY MT EE
Total
91
66
72
66
49
50
30
21
21
20
20
20
26
17
19
17
13
13
12
11
10
10
8
8
6
6
5
4
icon: PPE PPE
206

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Cyprus PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
183

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
71

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
67

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
49

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
38

Germany EFDD

1

France EFDD

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
15

Germany NI

2

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

3

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
37

Germany ENF

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Austria ENF

3
AmendmentsDossier
119 2015/2109(INI)
2016/01/18 PECH 119 amendments...
source: 571.750

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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summary
procedure/Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 159
procedure/Other legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 159
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
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date
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shadows
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New
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events/5/docs/0/url
Old
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activities
  • date: 2015-05-21T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: CADEC Alain group: S&D name: SERRÃO SANTOS Ricardo group: ECR name: DUNCAN Ian group: GUE/NGL name: HAZEKAMP Anja responsible: True committee: PECH date: 2015-05-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Fisheries rapporteur: group: ALDE name: NICOLAI Norica
  • date: 2016-02-17T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: CADEC Alain group: S&D name: SERRÃO SANTOS Ricardo group: ECR name: DUNCAN Ian group: GUE/NGL name: HAZEKAMP Anja responsible: True committee: PECH date: 2015-05-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Fisheries rapporteur: group: ALDE name: NICOLAI Norica
  • date: 2016-02-25T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0042&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A8-0042/2016 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2016-04-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20160411&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2016-04-12T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0100 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T8-0100/2016 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
commission
  • body: EC dg: Maritime Affairs and Fisheries commissioner: VELLA Karmenu
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Fisheries
committee
PECH
date
2015-05-12T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: NICOLAI Norica group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
shadows
committees/0
body
EP
shadows
responsible
True
committee
PECH
date
2015-05-12T00:00:00
committee_full
Fisheries
rapporteur
group: ALDE name: NICOLAI Norica
docs
  • date: 2015-11-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE571.452 title: PE571.452 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2016-01-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE571.750 title: PE571.750 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
events
  • date: 2015-05-21T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-02-17T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-02-25T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0042&language=EN title: A8-0042/2016 summary: The Committee on Fisheries adopted the own-initiative report by Norica NICOLAI (ADLE, RO) on the fisheries aspects within the international agreement on marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The ocean plays an integral role in many of the Earth’s systems including climate and weather and is the place where a wide range of human activities are conducted such as fishing, energy, transport and trade . An estimated 64 % of the sea, notably the high seas and the deep seabed, are areas beyond the national jurisdiction of states and are governed by international law. However, less than 1 % of areas beyond national jurisdiction are protected as a result of the establishment of marine protected areas. Members stated that the preservation and conservation of marine biological diversity is a common concern for all humankind and should be treated as such. In 2012, in the document published as a result of the latest UN Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro, called Rio+20 as a link to the first Rio Agenda, the international community restated its determination in tackling the environmental problems and the need for sustainable development. Against this background, Members welcomed the decision taken by the UN General Assembly to develop an international legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction in order, amongst other things, to address the current shortcomings. They highlighted the importance of making swift yet careful progress in developing this new instrument and of achieving the aim of finalising the draft text by the end of 2017 . Members called on the EU and the international community to promote conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity by implementing, among other measures, modern and sustainable concepts of marine ecosystem management , as well as principles of ocean governance by: managing the exploitation of marine resources (be it exploitation of minerals, energy drilling, etc.) and fisheries, incorporating science-based marine governance, restoring and maintaining stocks above levels which are capable of producing maximum sustainable yield, ecosystem-based management and conservation of marine biodiversity, enforcement of existing legislation, and the precautionary approach. Taking into consideration the major actor position of the EU fishing industry and market and the fact that the European fisheries policy is geared towards sustainability, Members encouraged the Commission to further promote, coordinate, and ensure that the impact of human activities, including fisheries and all forms of sea bed and ocean exploitation, on biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction is effectively addressed within the context of this new international agreement . They noted the need to further promote the enforcement of existing legislation and to develop the necessary management tools to ensure coherence and consistency. The Commission is urged to: call upon states that have not done so to ratify or accede to the UNCLOS; promote a holistic and comprehensive approach with regard to marine protected areas (MPAs) because no genuine coordination and cooperation on conservation efforts is possible without the participation of the widest possible circle of stakeholders involved in a comprehensive variety of human marine activities in oceans and seas; promote the designation and implementation of ecologically or biologically significant marine areas in areas beyond national jurisdiction; process a set of comprehensive data on marine biodiversity in Europe’s regional seas; work with all the relevant stakeholders to continue to support and promote, within the context of the new international agreement, the development of an institutional mechanism for the designation, management and establishment of necessary provisions concerning monitoring and enforcement of connected, coherent, workable and representative networks of marine protected areas as essential tools to ensure ecological and biological connectivity; promote enhanced cooperation, coordination, transparency and accountability between all concerned stakeholders, including between the new instruments negotiated, the existing United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement and FAO instruments, Regional fisheries management organisations and other sectoral bodies such as, inter alia, the International Seabed Authority and the International Maritime Organisation; push, in the context of the new international agreement, for recognition of environmental damage at sea and identification of the chain of responsibility for such damage. Members stressed that the new international agreement should address the specific needs of developing countries , in particular small island states, in terms of capacity-building with a view to achieving the goals of the international community concerning marine protected areas (MPAs), among other things. The Commission and Member States are urged to support and promote, within the mandate of the new international agreement under UNCLOS, the development of an institutional mechanism for the implementation of prior Environmental Impact Assessment for activities with a potential significant impact on the marine environment, including for the exploitation of marine resources, with a solid scientific basis as far as practicable and that these activities are accompanied by detailed environmental and socio-economic monitoring . Members also called for the EU to take a leading role in combating plastic marine litter and for the relevant research to be funded under the blue economy .
  • date: 2016-04-11T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20160411&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2016-04-12T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=26857&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2016-04-12T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0100 title: T8-0100/2016 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 651 to 8 with 53 abstentions a resolution on the fisheries aspects within the international agreement on marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Preservation of biodiversity : Parliament stressed that the preservation and conservation of marine biological diversity is a common concern for all humankind and should be treated as such. The outcome document of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro, 2012 underlined that protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development are the overarching objectives of and essential requirements for sustainable development. The resolution recalled that the ocean plays an integral role in many of the Earth’s systems including climate and weather and is the place where a wide range of human activities are conducted such as fishing, energy, transport and trade. An estimated 64 % of the sea, notably the high seas and the deep seabed, are areas beyond the national jurisdiction of states and are governed by international law. However, less than 1 % of areas beyond national jurisdiction are protected as a result of the establishment of marine protected areas. Towards a binding legal instrument : the EU plays a key role in the world governance of the seas and oceans and exerts great influence internationally with regard to fisheries. Parliament felt that this leading role implies that the EU is responsible for adopting a proactive policy regarding the protection of marine biodiversity worldwide. It welcomed the decision taken by the UN General Assembly to develop an international legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction in order, amongst other things, to address the current shortcomings. It highlighted the importance of achieving the aim of finalising the draft text by the end of 2017. Improving governance of the oceans : the EU and the international community must promote conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity by implementing, among other measures, modern and sustainable concepts of marine ecosystem management , as well as principles of ocean governance by: · managing the exploitation of marine resources (be it exploitation of minerals, energy drilling, etc.) and fisheries, · incorporating science-based marine governance, · restoring and maintaining stocks above levels which are capable of producing maximum sustainable yield, · ecosystem-based management and conservation of marine biodiversity, · enforcement of existing legislation, and the precautionary approach. Taking into consideration the major actor position of the EU fishing industry and market and the fact that the European fisheries policy is geared towards sustainability, Members encouraged the Commission to further promote, coordinate, and ensure that the impact of human activities, including fisheries and all forms of sea bed and ocean exploitation, on biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction is effectively addressed within the context of this new international agreement. They noted the need to further promote the enforcement of existing legislation and to develop the necessary management tools to ensure coherence and consistency. The Commission was urged to: · call upon states that have not done so to ratify or accede to the UNCLOS; · promote a holistic and comprehensive approach with regard to marine protected areas (MPAs) because no genuine coordination and cooperation on conservation efforts is possible without the participation of the widest possible circle of stakeholders involved in a comprehensive variety of human marine activities in oceans and seas; · promote the designation and implementation of ecologically or biologically significant marine areas in areas beyond national jurisdiction; · process a set of comprehensive data on marine biodiversity in Europe’s regional seas; · promote enhanced cooperation, coordination, transparency and accountability between all concerned stakeholders , including between the new instruments negotiated, the existing United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement and FAO instruments, Regional fisheries management organisations and other sectoral bodies such as, inter alia, the International Seabed Authority and the International Maritime Organisation; · push, in the context of the new international agreement, for recognition of environmental damage at sea and identification of the chain of responsibility for such damage. New institutional mechanism : Parliament asked the Commission and Member States to promote, within the mandate of the new international agreement under UNCLOS, the development of an institutional mechanism for the implementation of prior Environmental Impact Assessment, with a solid scientific basis as far as practicable. These must be accompanied by detailed environmental and socio-economic monitoring. Developing countries : the new international agreement should, moreover, address the specific needs of developing countries, in particular small island states, in terms of capacity-building with a view to achieving the goals of the international community concerning Marine Protected Areas. Members underlined that the seas and oceans have a potential for blue growth that is still largely untapped, such as in the areas of renewable energy and pharmaceutical products, which could also be seen as a valid development path for today’s developing countries. Lastly, Parliament called for the EU to take a leading role in combating plastic marine litter , which was a threat to marine biodiversity, and for the relevant research to be funded under the blue economy.
  • date: 2016-04-12T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/maritimeaffairs_fisheries/ title: Maritime Affairs and Fisheries commissioner: VELLA Karmenu
procedure/Modified legal basis
Old
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
New
Rules of Procedure EP 159
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
PECH/8/03483
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  • 3.15.01 Fish stocks, conservation of fishery resources
  • 3.15.04 Management of fisheries, fisheries, fishing grounds
  • 3.15.15 Fisheries agreements and cooperation
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Fisheries agreements and cooperation
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  • url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20160411&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament
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  • url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0100 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T8-0100/2016
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  • The Committee on Fisheries adopted the own-initiative report by Norica NICOLAI (ADLE, RO) on the fisheries aspects within the international agreement on marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

    The ocean  plays an integral role in many of the Earth’s systems including climate and weather and is the place where a wide range of human activities are conducted such as fishing, energy, transport and trade.

    An estimated 64 % of the sea, notably the high seas and the deep seabed, are areas beyond the national jurisdiction of states and are governed by international law. However, less than 1 % of areas beyond national jurisdiction are protected as a result of the establishment of marine protected areas.

    Members stated that the preservation and conservation of marine biological diversity is a common concern for all humankind and should be treated as such.

    In 2012, in the document published as a result of the latest UN Conference on Sustainable Development held in Rio de Janeiro, called Rio+20 as a link to the first Rio Agenda, the international community restated its determination in tackling the environmental problems and the need for sustainable development.

    Against this background, Members welcomed the decision taken by the UN General Assembly to develop an international legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction in order, amongst other things, to address the current shortcomings. They highlighted the importance of making swift yet careful progress in developing this new instrument and of achieving the aim of finalising the draft text by the end of 2017.

    Members called on the EU and the international community to promote conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity by implementing, among other measures, modern and sustainable concepts of marine ecosystem management, as well as principles of ocean governance by:

    • managing the exploitation of marine resources (be it exploitation of minerals, energy drilling, etc.) and fisheries,
    • incorporating science-based marine governance,
    • restoring and maintaining stocks above levels which are capable of producing maximum sustainable yield,
    • ecosystem-based management and conservation of marine biodiversity,
    • enforcement of existing legislation, and the precautionary approach.

    Taking into consideration the major actor position of the EU fishing industry and market and the fact that the European fisheries policy is geared towards sustainability, Members encouraged the Commission to further promote, coordinate, and ensure that the impact of human activities, including fisheries and all forms of sea bed and ocean exploitation, on biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction is effectively addressed within the context of this new international agreement. They noted the need to further promote the enforcement of existing legislation and to develop the necessary management tools to ensure coherence and consistency.

    The Commission is urged to:

    • call upon states that have not done so to ratify or accede to the UNCLOS;
    • promote a holistic and comprehensive approach with regard to marine protected areas (MPAs) because no genuine coordination and cooperation on conservation efforts is possible without the participation of the widest possible circle of stakeholders involved in a comprehensive variety of human marine activities in oceans and seas;
    • promote the designation and implementation of ecologically or biologically significant marine areas in areas beyond national jurisdiction;
    • process a set of comprehensive data on marine biodiversity in Europe’s regional seas;
    • work with all the relevant stakeholders to continue to support and promote, within the context of the new international agreement, the development of an institutional mechanism for the designation, management and establishment of necessary provisions concerning monitoring and enforcement of connected, coherent, workable and representative networks of marine protected areas as essential tools to ensure ecological and biological connectivity;
    • promote enhanced cooperation, coordination, transparency and accountability between all concerned stakeholders, including between the new instruments negotiated, the existing United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement and FAO instruments, Regional fisheries management organisations and other sectoral bodies such as, inter alia, the International Seabed Authority and the International Maritime Organisation;
    • push, in the context of the new international agreement, for recognition of environmental damage at sea and identification of the chain of responsibility for such damage.

    Members stressed that the new international agreement should address the specific needs of developing countries, in particular small island states, in terms of capacity-building with a view to achieving the goals of the international community concerning marine protected areas (MPAs), among other things.

    The Commission and Member States are urged to support and promote, within the mandate of the new international agreement under UNCLOS, the development of an institutional mechanism for the implementation of prior Environmental Impact Assessment for activities with a potential significant impact on the marine environment, including for the exploitation of marine resources, with a solid scientific basis as far as practicable and that these activities are accompanied by detailed environmental and socio-economic monitoring.

    Members also called for the EU to take a leading role in combating plastic marine litter and for the relevant research to be funded under the blue economy.

activities/2/docs
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2016-01-28T00:00:00
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activities/1/committees
  • body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: CADEC Alain group: S&D name: BRIANO Renata group: S&D name: SERRÃO SANTOS Ricardo group: GUE/NGL name: HAZEKAMP Anja responsible: True committee: PECH date: 2015-05-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Fisheries rapporteur: group: ALDE name: NICOLAI Norica
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VELLA Karmenu
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  • group: S&D name: SERRÃO SANTOS Ricardo
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  • date: 2015-05-21T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: PECH date: 2015-05-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Fisheries rapporteur: group: ALDE name: NICOLAI Norica
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  • body: EP responsible: True committee: PECH date: 2015-05-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Fisheries rapporteur: group: ALDE name: NICOLAI Norica
links
other
    procedure
    dossier_of_the_committee
    PECH/8/03483
    reference
    2015/2109(INI)
    title
    Fisheries aspects within the international agreement on marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
    legal_basis
    Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
    stage_reached
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    INI - Own-initiative procedure
    subject