BETA


2015/2147(INI) Towards a digital single market act

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE GEBHARDT Evelyne (icon: S&D S&D), KALLAS Kaja (icon: ALDE ALDE) JUVIN Philippe (icon: PPE PPE), VIRKKUNEN Henna (icon: PPE PPE), KUMPULA-NATRI Miapetra (icon: S&D S&D), FORD Vicky (icon: ECR ECR), HENKEL Hans-Olaf (icon: ECR ECR), CHARANZOVÁ Dita (icon: ALDE ALDE), DE JONG Dennis (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), ERNST Cornelia (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), REDA Julia (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), TARAND Indrek (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BORRELLI David (icon: EFDD EFDD), ZULLO Marco (icon: EFDD EFDD), KAPPEL Barbara (icon: ENF ENF)
Lead IMCO GEBHARDT Evelyne (icon: S&D S&D), KALLAS Kaja (icon: ALDE ALDE) JUVIN Philippe (icon: PPE PPE), VIRKKUNEN Henna (icon: PPE PPE), KUMPULA-NATRI Miapetra (icon: S&D S&D), FORD Vicky (icon: ECR ECR), HENKEL Hans-Olaf (icon: ECR ECR), CHARANZOVÁ Dita (icon: ALDE ALDE), DE JONG Dennis (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), ERNST Cornelia (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), REDA Julia (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), TARAND Indrek (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BORRELLI David (icon: EFDD EFDD), ZULLO Marco (icon: EFDD EFDD), KAPPEL Barbara (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion ECON SORU Renato (icon: S&D S&D) Ildikó GÁLL-PELCZ (icon: PPE PPE), Barbara KAPPEL (icon: ENF ENF), Michel REIMON (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Kay SWINBURNE (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion EMPL STEINRUCK Jutta (icon: S&D S&D) Paloma LÓPEZ BERMEJO (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Dominique MARTIN (icon: ENF ENF), Sven SCHULZE (icon: PPE PPE), Ulrike TREBESIUS (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion TRAN KYLLÖNEN Merja (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL) Daniela AIUTO (icon: EFDD EFDD), Deirdre CLUNE (icon: PPE PPE), Olga SEHNALOVÁ (icon: S&D S&D), Pavel TELIČKA (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion CULT KAMMEREVERT Petra (icon: S&D S&D) Michel REIMON (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Sabine VERHEYEN (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion JURI DZHAMBAZKI Angel (icon: ECR ECR) Jean-Marie CAVADA (icon: ALDE ALDE), Lidia Joanna GERINGER de OEDENBERG (icon: S&D S&D), Julia REDA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion LIBE BONI Michał (icon: PPE PPE) Jan Philipp ALBRECHT (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Emilian PAVEL (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54, RoP 58

Events

2018/10/17
   FR_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2017/01/30
   FR_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2016/07/06
   DE_BUNDESTAG - Contribution
Documents
2016/06/01
   Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2016/05/31
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2016/04/20
   UK_HOUSE-OF-LORDS - Contribution
Documents
2016/01/19
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2016/01/19
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/01/19
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 551 votes to 88, with 39 abstentions, a resolution entitled ‘Towards a Digital Single Market Act’, as a follow-up to the digital single market strategy for Europe presented by the Commission.

The need for a digital single market : whilst welcoming the Commission communication, Parliament considered that achieving a Digital Single Market, based on a common set of rules, could foster EU competitiveness, have positive effects on growth and jobs, relaunch the Single Market and make society more inclusive, offering new opportunities to citizens and businesses, especially by exchanging and sharing innovation. Noting that 75 % of the value added by the digital economy comes from traditional industry, Parliament called on Europe to use the great potential of the information and communications technology (ICT) sector to digitise the industry and maintain global competitiveness.

It called on the Commission to:

identify and dismantle barriers affecting e-commerce in order to build a genuine cross-border e-commerce market – e-commerce generates EUR 500 billion per year in the European Union - in order to build a genuine cross-border e-commerce market; promote a more dynamic economy that allows innovation to flourish and removes barriers for businesses, in particular innovative ones, SMEs, start-ups and scale-ups , so that they can access markets in a level playing field.

Cross-border e-commerce rules that consumers and business can trust : Parliament welcomed the Commission's undertaking to adopt a strong proposal on online contracts covering digital content purchased online and to improve consumers' legal protection in this sphere. It agreed that consumers should enjoy an equivalent and future-proof level of protection regardless of whether they purchase digital content online or offline. It emphasised that this should be done in a technology-neutral manner and not impose unreasonable costs for business.

Members requested an ‘Active Consumers’ strategy to assess in particular whether consumer switching is facilitated in the online world, and whether action is needed to make consumer switching easier, in order to boost competition in online markets. It also called on the Commission to assess the feasibility, usefulness and potential opportunities and weaknesses created by the introduction of sector-specific EU trustmarks for online sales as well as to work towards the timely and correct implementation of the EU-wide online dispute resolution (ODR) Regulation.

Affordable high-quality cross-border parcel delivery : Parliament the report noted that accessible, affordable, efficient and high-quality delivery services are an essential prerequisite for thriving cross-border e-commerce. It called on the Commission and the Member States to actively share best practices in the parcel delivery sector, and to propose a comprehensive action plan , to find innovative solutions to improve services, to further integrate the single market for parcel delivery an52d postal services, to dismantle barriers postal operators encounter in cross-border delivery, and to propose if necessary a revision of the relevant legislation.

Preventing unjustified geo-blocking : in this regard, Parliament:

called for ambitious, targeted actions to improve access to goods and services, in particular by ending unjustified geo-blocking practices and unfair price discrimination based on geographical location or nationality which often have the effect of building monopolies and of consumers resorting to illegal content; welcomed the Commission’s proposal to enhance portability and interoperability in order to stimulate the free circulation of legally acquired, and legally available, content or services, as a first step towards bringing an end to unjustified geo-blocking; pointed out the importance of the ongoing competition sector inquiry into the e-commerce sector in order to investigate, inter alia, whether unjustified geo-blocking restrictions, such as discrimination on the basis of IP address, postal address or the country of issue of credit cards, infringe the rules of EU competition law.

Parliament also welcomed the Commission's commitment to modernise the current copyright framework to adapt it to the digital age.

Reducing VAT-related burdens and obstacles when selling across borders : Parliament stressed that in order to prevent market distortion, tax avoidance and tax evasion and to create a true European Digital Single Market, more coordination on taxation is needed, requiring inter alia the establishment of an EU-wide Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB). In this regard, it welcomed the adoption of the review of the payment services directive and stressed that if the Union is to enhance EU-wide e-commerce, pan-EU instant e-/m-payments under a common standard and the appropriate implementation of the review of the payment services directive must be achieved without delay.

To create a fit-for-purpose regulatory environment : Parliament emphasises that private investments in fast and ultra-fast communication networks are a requirement for any digital progress that must be incentivised by a stable EU regulatory framework enabling all players to make investments, including in rural and remote areas. It highlighted the importance of a successful implementation of European Fund for Strategic Investment (EFSI) to maximise investments by targeting projects with higher-risk profiles, boosting economic recovery, stimulating growth, and incentivising private investments, inter alia microfinancing and venture capital to support innovative companies.

Role of online platforms : the Commission is urged to examine whether potential issues related to online platforms could be resolved by proper and full implementation of existing legislation and effective enforcement of EU competition law in order to ensure a level playing field and fair and effective competition between online platforms and to avoid the creation of monopolies. Members also called on the Commission and the Member States to support the further development of the sharing economy and its potential for more flexible forms of employment (the Commission is forecasting a growth potential that goes over USD 100 billion). Parliament encouraged the Commission to set up a stakeholder group in charge of promoting best practices in the sharing economy sector.

Reinforcing trust and security in digital networks : a harmonised response from the EU and its Member States with a view to ensuring a high level of network and information security is needed. Members stated that providing security on the internet entails the protection of networks and critical infrastructure, ensuring the ability of law enforcement agencies to fight crime, including terrorism, violent radicalisation and sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children online. The Commission is called upon to advance policies and a legal framework to tackle cybercrime and illegal content and materials on the internet.

Security, together with protection of fundamental rights in cyberspace, is crucial to reinforcing trust in digital services and is therefore a necessary basis for establishing a competitive digital single market.

Building a data economy : Parliament emphasised the opportunities that new ICT technologies such as Big Data, cloud computing, 3D-printing and other technologies can bring to the economy and society. It also highlighted the opportunities offered by energy sector digitalisation, with smart meters, smart grids and data hubs for more efficient and flexible energy production .

Digital skills and expertise : highlighting that the mismatch between supply and demand with regard to skills is a problem for the development of the digital economy, Members called on the Commission, as a matter of urgency, to develop a skills strategy which can tackle this shortage. They proposed using appropriations from the Youth Employment Initiative to support associations (grassroots movements) which teach disadvantaged young people digital skills. Media and internet literacy should also be promoted.

E-government : Parliament stated that the development of e-administration is a priority for innovation. It urged the Commission to lead by example in the field of e-government and to develop, together with the Member States, an ambitious and comprehensive e-government action plan based on the “once only principle”, whereby citizens and businesses should not be asked for information already provided to a public authority, whilst ensuring citizens' privacy and a high level of data protection.

Documents
2016/01/19
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2015/12/21
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted, jointly with the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection, the own-initiative report presented by Kaja KALLAS (ALDE, FI) and Evelyne GEBHARDT (S&D, DE), entitled ‘Towards a Digital Single Market Act’, as a follow-up to the digital single market strategy for Europe presented by the Commission.

The Committees on Employment and Social Affairs, Culture and Education, Legal Affairs, Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, exercising their prerogatives as an associated committee under Parliament’s Rule 54 of the Rules of Procedure were consulted to give an opinion on the report.

The need for a digital single market : the report stated that Europe must use the great potential of the information and communications technology (ICT) sector to digitise the industry and maintain global competitiveness. It called on the Commission to identify and dismantle barriers affecting e-commerce in order to build a genuine cross-border e-commerce market.

Cross-border e-commerce rules that consumers and business can trust : Members welcomed the Commission's undertaking to adopt a strong proposal on online contracts covering digital content purchased online and to improve consumers' legal protection in this sphere. The report noted that the Commission is planning a Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme (REFIT) of the whole consumers acquis for 2016. The Commission is also called upon to assess the feasibility, usefulness and potential opportunities and weaknesses created by the introduction of sector-specific EU trustmarks for online sales as well as to work towards the timely and correct implementation of the EU-wide online dispute resolution (ODR) Regulation.

Affordable high-quality cross-border parcel delivery : the report noted that accessible, affordable, efficient and high-quality delivery services are an essential prerequisite for thriving cross-border e-commerce. It called on the Commission and the Member States to actively share best practices in the parcel delivery sector, and to propose a comprehensive action plan , including guidelines for best practices, in cooperation with operators, to find innovative solutions to improve services, lower costs and the environmental impact, and to propose if necessary a revision of the relevant legislation.

Preventing unjustified geo-blocking : the report considered that ambitious, targeted actions are needed to improve access to goods and services, in particular by ending unjustified geo-blocking practices and unfair price discrimination based on geographical location or nationality which often have the effect of building monopolies and of consumers resorting to illegal content. Members welcomed the Commission’s proposal to enhance portability and interoperability in order to stimulate the free circulation of legally acquired, and legally available, content or services, as a first step towards bringing an end to unjustified geo-blocking.

Reducing VAT-related burdens and obstacles when selling across borders : Members stressed that in order to prevent market distortion, tax avoidance and tax evasion and to create a true European Digital Single Market, more coordination on taxation is needed, requiring inter alia the establishment of an EU-wide Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB). In this regard, they welcomed the adoption of the review of the payment services directive and stressed that if the Union is to enhance EU-wide e-commerce, pan-EU instant e-/m-payments under a common standard and the appropriate implementation of the review of the payment services directive must be achieved without delay.

Role of online platforms : the Commission is urged to examine whether potential issues related to online platforms could be resolved by proper and full implementation of existing legislation and effective enforcement of EU competition law in order to ensure a level playing field and fair and effective competition between online platforms and to avoid the creation of monopolies. Members also called on the Commission and the Member States to support the further development of the sharing economy by identifying artificial barriers and relevant legislation hindering its growth.

Reinforcing trust and security in digital networks : a harmonised response from the EU and its Member States with a view to ensuring a high level of network and information security is needed. Members stated that providing security on the internet entails the protection of networks and critical infrastructure, ensuring the ability of law enforcement agencies to fight crime, including terrorism, violent radicalisation and sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children online. Security, together with protection of fundamental rights in cyberspace, is crucial to reinforcing trust in digital services and is therefore a necessary basis for establishing a competitive digital single market.

Building a data economy : Members emphasised the opportunities that new ICT technologies such as Big Data, cloud computing, 3D-printing and other technologies can bring to the economy and society. They also highlighted the opportunities offered by energy sector digitalisation, with smart meters, smart grids and data hubs for more efficient and flexible energy production .

Digital skills and expertise : highlighting that the mismatch between supply and demand with regard to skills is a problem for the development of the digital economy, Members called on the Commission, as a matter of urgency, to develop a skills strategy which can tackle this shortage. They proposed using appropriations from the Youth Employment Initiative to support associations (grassroots movements) which teach disadvantaged young people digital skills. Media and internet literacy should also be promoted.

E-government : Members stated that the development of e-administration is a priority for innovation. They urged the Commission to lead by example in the field of e-government and to develop, together with the Member States, an ambitious and comprehensive e-government action plan based on the “once only principle”, whereby citizens and businesses should not be asked for information already provided to a public authority, whilst ensuring citizens' privacy and a high level of data protection.

Documents
2015/12/16
   RO_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2015/12/14
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2015/12/09
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2015/12/07
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/12/04
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/12/01
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/11/16
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/11/16
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/11/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/10/22
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/10/21
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/10/21
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/10/21
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/10/06
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2015/09/22
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/09/10
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2015/09/10
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2015/09/03
   EP - Committee Opinion
2015/07/24
   AT_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/24
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/23
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/07
   EP - Responsible Committee
2015/07/07
   EP - Responsible Committee
2015/06/24
   EP - Committee Opinion
2015/06/11
   EP - Committee Opinion
2015/06/05
   EP - Committee Opinion
2015/05/06
   EC - Non-legislative basic document published
Details

PURPOSE: to propose a connected Digital Single Market Strategy for Europe.

BACKGROUND: the global economy is rapidly becoming digital. These changes are happening at a scale and speed that bring immense opportunities for innovation, growth and jobs.

Against this background, all Member States are wrestling with similar problems but on a national basis which is too limited to allow them to seize all the opportunities and deal with all the challenges of this transformational change. For many issues the European level offers the right framework . That is why the European Commission has set the creation of a Digital Single Market as one of its key priorities.

Europe has the capabilities to lead in the global digital economy but we are currently not making the most of them. Fragmentation and barriers that do not exist in the physical Single Market are holding the EU back. Bringing down these barriers within Europe could contribute an additional EUR 415 billion to European GDP. The digital economy can:

expand markets and foster better services at better prices, offer more choice and create new sources of employment, create opportunities for new start-ups and allow existing companies to grow and profit from the scale of a market of over 500 million people.

CONTENT: this Strategy has a multi-annual scope and is focused on key interdependent actions that can only be taken at EU level . They have been chosen to have maximum impact, can be delivered during the Juncker Commission's mandate.

The Digital Single Market Strategy will be built on three pillars:

PILLAR 1: Better access for consumers and businesses to online goods and services across Europe : this requires the rapid removal of key differences between the online and offline worlds to break down barriers to cross-border online activity.

1. Cross-border e-commerce rules : only 7% of SMEs in the EU sell cross-border. If the same rules for e-commerce were applied in all EU Member States, 57% of companies say they would either start or increase their online sales to other EU Member States.

The Commission will make an amended proposal before the end of 2015 (i) covering harmonised EU rules for online purchases of digital content, and (ii) allowing traders to rely on their national laws based on a focused set of key mandatory EU contractual rights for domestic and cross-border online sales of tangible goods. The Commission will also submit a proposal for a review of the Regulation on Consumer Protection Cooperation in order to develop more efficient cooperation mechanisms.

2. Affordable high-quality cross-border parcel delivery : for companies that currently do not sell online but are trying to do so, 62% say the fact that delivery costs are too high is a problem. The Commission will launch measures in the first half of 2016 to improve price transparency and enhance regulatory oversight of parcel delivery .

3. Preventing unjustified geo-blocking : geo-blocking refers to practices used for commercial reasons by online sellers that result in the denial of access to websites based in other Member States. Geo-blocking is one of several tools used by companies to segment markets along national borders (territorial restrictions). By limiting consumer opportunities and choice, geo-blocking is a significant cause of consumer dissatisfaction and of fragmentation of the Internal Market.

The Commission will make legislative proposals in the first half of 2016 to end unjustified geo-blocking . Action could include targeted change to the e-Commerce framework and the framework set out by Article 20 of the Services Directive .

Furthermore, the Commission will review the satellite and cable directive to assess the need to enlarge its scope to broadcasters' online transmissions and the need to tackle further measures to ensure enhanced cross-border access to broadcasters' services in Europe.

4. A modern, more European copyright framework : 56% of Europeans use the internet for cultural purposes and spending on digital entertainment and media is predicted to see double digit growth rates (around 12%) for the next five years.

Barriers to cross-border access to copyright-protected content services and their portability are still common, particularly for audiovisual programmes.

The Commission will make legislative proposals before the end of 2015 to reduce the differences between national copyright regimes and allow for wider online access to works by users across the EU, including through further harmonisation measures. Europe needs a more harmonised copyright regime which provides incentives to create and invest while allowing transmission and consumption of content across borders, building on our rich cultural diversity.

5. Reducing VAT related burdens and obstacles when selling across borders : an EU business wishing to make cross-border sales faces a VAT compliance cost of at least EUR 5,000 annually for each targeted Member State.

The Commission will make legislative proposals in 2016 to reduce the administrative burden on businesses arising from different VAT regimes including (i) extending the current single electronic registration and payment mechanism to intra-EU and 3rd country online sales of tangible goods, (ii) introducing a common EU-wide simplification measure (VAT threshold) to help small start-up e-commerce businesses.

PILLAR 2: Creating the right conditions for digital networks and services to flourish : this requires high-speed, secure and trustworthy infrastructures and content services, supported by the right regulatory conditions for innovation, investment, fair competition and a level playing field.

The Commission intends to:

1. present proposals in 2016 for an ambitious overhaul of the telecoms regulatory framework focusing on (i) a consistent single market approach to spectrum policy and management ; (ii) delivering the conditions for a true single market; (iii) ensuring a level playing field for market players and consistent application of the rules; (iv) incentivising investment in high speed broadband networks (including a review of the Universal Service Directive ).

2. A media framework for the 21st century : the Commission will review the Audiovisual Media Services Directive with a focus on its scope and on the nature of the rules applicable to all market players, in particular measures for the promotion of European works, and the rules on protection of minors and advertising rules.

3. Analyse the role of online platforms (e.g. search engines, social media, e-commerce platforms, app stores, etc) : certain online platforms are playing an ever more central role in social and economic life: they enable consumers to find online information and businesses to exploit the advantages of ecommerce.

The Commission will launch before the end of 2015 a comprehensive assessment of the role of platforms , including in the sharing economy, and of online intermediaries. It will cover issues such as how best to tackle illegal content on the Internet .

4. Reinforcing trust and security in digital services and in the handling of personal data : only 22% of Europeans have full trust in companies such as search engines, social networking sites and e-mail services. In the first half of 2016, the Commission will initiate the establishment a Public-Private Partnership on cybersecurity in the area of technologies and solutions for online network security. Once the new EU rules on data protection are adopted, which should be by the end of 2015, the Commission will review the ePrivacy Directive .

PILLAR 3: Maximising the growth potential of our European Digital Economy : this requires investment in ICT infrastructures and technologies such as Cloud computing and Big Data, and research and innovation to boost industrial competiveness as well as better public services, inclusiveness and skills.

The Commission intends to:

1. propose in 2016 a European ‘Free flow of data’ initiative that tackles restrictions on the free movement of data for reasons other than the protection of personal data within the EU and unjustified restrictions on the location of data for storage or processing purposes;

2. launch an integrated standardisation plan to identify and define key priorities for standardisation with a focus on the technologies and domains that are deemed to be critical to the Digital Single Market, including essential sectoral interoperability and standards in areas such as health (telemedicine, m-health), transport (travel planning, efreight), environment, and energy;

3. support an inclusive Digital Single Market in which citizens and businesses have the necessary skills and can benefit from interlinked and multi-lingual eservices, from e-government, e-justice, e-health, e-energy or e-transport. The Commission will: (i) address digital skills and expertise as a key component of its future initiatives on skills and training; (ii) present a new e-Government Action Plan 2016-2020 .

2015/05/04
   EP - Committee Opinion
2015/03/24
   EP - Committee Opinion

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0371/2015 - Kaja Kallas et Evelyne Gebhardt - § 34/2

2016/01/19 Outcome: +: 623, -: 83, 0: 9
DE ES PL RO FR GB IT HU CZ NL BE BG PT SE SK FI EL HR DK AT LT LV IE SI LU EE CY MT
Total
89
51
48
32
73
71
70
21
20
25
19
16
19
18
13
12
20
11
13
18
8
8
9
7
6
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
210

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
2

Ireland PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
183

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3
icon: ECR ECR
73

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Italy ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

1
2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1
2

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

3

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
37

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
42

Poland EFDD

1

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

A8-0371/2015 - Kaja Kallas et Evelyne Gebhardt - § 47/2

2016/01/19 Outcome: +: 541, -: 149, 0: 24
DE FR IT ES RO PT AT HU SE EL HR BE BG FI SI SK LT LU EE DK PL LV CY CZ NL IE MT GB
Total
89
73
69
51
32
19
18
20
18
20
11
19
16
12
7
13
8
6
6
13
48
8
6
20
26
9
6
71
icon: PPE PPE
210

Finland PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
183

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

Against (1)

2

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

Romania ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2
2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Czechia ALDE

4

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

Against (2)

6
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45
3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
37

Romania ENF

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

France NI

Against (1)

3
3

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
41

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
73

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

A8-0371/2015 - Kaja Kallas et Evelyne Gebhardt - § 59/2

2016/01/19 Outcome: +: 523, -: 187, 0: 5
DE IT ES RO FR HU BG PT SE CZ AT HR BE NL FI SI SK LT LU LV EE PL MT IE DK CY EL GB
Total
89
70
51
32
73
21
16
19
18
20
18
11
19
26
12
7
13
8
6
8
6
48
5
9
13
6
20
71
icon: PPE PPE
210

Finland PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
182

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

Romania ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2
2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

Against (2)

6
icon: EFDD EFDD
42

France EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

3

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
37

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
73

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Finland ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

A8-0371/2015 - Kaja Kallas et Evelyne Gebhardt - § 62/2

2016/01/19 Outcome: +: 584, -: 128, 0: 1
DE PL ES RO GB IT HU BE AT FR BG CZ PT SK NL SE HR FI DK LT LV SI LU EE MT IE CY EL
Total
89
48
51
32
70
70
20
19
18
73
16
20
19
13
26
18
11
11
13
8
8
7
6
6
6
9
6
20
icon: PPE PPE
208

Finland PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
183

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ECR ECR
73

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Italy ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

1

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1
2

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

3
2

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

2

Poland NI

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1

France NI

3
icon: ENF ENF
37

Poland ENF

For (1)

1

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: EFDD EFDD
41

Poland EFDD

1

France EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

A8-0371/2015 - Kaja Kallas et Evelyne Gebhardt - § 64/1

2016/01/19 Outcome: +: 458, -: 244, 0: 12
DE RO ES HU FR IT PL PT AT SI SK SE MT BG BE LV HR LU CY IE LT CZ EE FI EL DK NL GB
Total
88
32
51
21
73
70
48
19
18
7
13
18
6
16
19
8
11
6
6
9
8
20
6
12
20
13
26
70
icon: PPE PPE
209

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
183

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2
3

Poland NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
37

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Poland ENF

For (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

Romania ALDE

For (1)

3

Portugal ALDE

Abstain (1)

2

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Belgium ALDE

4

Latvia ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

Against (3)