BETA


2015/2224(INI) New territorial development tools in the cohesion policy 2014-2020: integrated territorial investment (ITI) and community-led local development (CLLD)

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead REGI TOMAŠIĆ Ruža (icon: ECR ECR) BUDA Daniel (icon: PPE PPE), RODRIGUES Liliana (icon: S&D S&D), JAKOVČIĆ Ivan (icon: ALDE ALDE), ANDERSON Martina (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), ŠKRLEC Davor (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), D'AMATO Rosa (icon: EFDD EFDD), BRIOIS Steeve (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion EMPL ŠOJDROVÁ Michaela (icon: PPE PPE) Laura AGEA (icon: EFDD EFDD), Marian HARKIN (icon: ALDE ALDE), Georgi PIRINSKI (icon: S&D S&D), Ulrike TREBESIUS (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2016/09/23
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2016/05/10
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2016/05/10
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 595 votes to 63, with 13 abstentions, a resolution on the new territorial development tools in cohesion policy 2014-2020: Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and Community-Led Local Development (CLLD).

Members recalled that the CLLD and ITI are innovative instruments in cohesion policy and that the new ITI and the CLLD initiatives represent step changes in the ability of local stakeholders to combine funding streams and plan well-targeted local initiatives.

CLLD is a new tool for use at sub-regional level. It is based on the LEADER experience of community-led local development and is based on a bottom-up approach: it aims to strengthen synergies between local actors, both public and private. ITI will help implement integrated territorial strategies as it allows bundling of funding from several priority axes of one or more operational programmes. ITIs can be used for delivering the sustainable urban development objective, but can be also aimed at other types of territory.

General considerations : Parliament noted that tangible involvement of regional and local actors from the outset , their commitment and ownership of territorial development strategies and proper delegation of responsibilities and resources to lower levels of decision-making are crucial for the success of the bottom-up approach. However, it stressed that local actors require technical and financial support from the regional, national and EU levels, especially in the early stages of the implementation process.

The resolution called for the need to:

set out strategies at the initial stages of the implementation process in collaboration with regional and local actors, particularly at the level of specific and specialist training, and of technical and financial support, in the context of an effective partnership between the regions, Member States and EU; promote the sub-delegation of competences and resources , within the framework of European Structural and Investment Funds and provide recommendations and comprehensive guidelines to Member States on how to overcome the lack of trust and administrative obstacles between the different levels of governance related to the implementation of CLLD and ITI.

Actions taken under these tools, while taking into account the priorities of local actors, need to be aligned with the overarching objectives of the operational programmes as well as with other EU, national, regional and local development strategies and smart specialisation strategies, while allowing for margins of flexibility.

Priorities : Parliament recommended that local and regional authorities pay particular attention to projects aimed at adapting localities and regions to the new demographic reality and counteracting the imbalances resulting therefrom, particularly through:

the adaptation of social and mobility infrastructures to demographic change and migratory flows; the creation of specific goods and services aimed at an ageing population; support for job opportunities for older people, women and migrants that contribute to social inclusion; enhanced digital connections and the creation of platforms that enable and foster the participation and interaction of the citizens of the more isolated regions with the various administrative, social and political services of authorities at all levels (local, regional, national and European).

Moreover, Parliament stressed that youth unemployment and the SMEs lack of financing should be addressed in the local and territorial development strategies as one of their priorities.

Members encouraged the Member States to use these instruments on projects to: (i) create high-quality jobs and opportunities for SMEs, (ii) promote investment, sustainable and inclusive growth, and social investment and to (iii) contribute to poverty reduction and social inclusion, especially in those regions and sub-regions where it is most needed. They pointed out in this regard the importance of integrated funding , and especially the combination of ESF and ERDF . They pointed to the potential of reinvesting parts of local taxes in performance-oriented activities and called on the Commission to develop a special investment strategy , in line with the Social Investment Package, which could benefit regions with the highest unemployment rates.

The resolution port also stressed that the integration of multiple funds continues to be a challenge for stakeholders , particularly in the context of CLLD and ITI. It considered that simplification efforts are necessary and it invited the Commission and the Member States to provide additional support, training and guidance to smaller and less developed localities which have more limited resources and capacity and for which the administrative burden and complexity related to these tools may be difficult to take on during planning and implementation.

The Commission is urged to implement regulations covering CLLD and ITI funding from the European Structural and Investment Funds as a whole in order to strengthen synergies.

Community-led local development (CLLD) : Parliament stated that this instrument offers possibilities for urban and peri-urban areas and should be an integral part of wider urban development strategies, including through cross-border cooperation. It encouraged capacity-building, awareness-raising among social and economic partners, as well as civil society stakeholders, and the active participation of those parties, so that as many partners as possible can propose CLLD strategies. It recalled that the ESF Regulation allows for a specific investment priority on ‘community-led local development strategies’ under Thematic Objective 9, and encouraged the Member States to include this in their operational programmes.

The Commission and the Member States are called upon to encourage the sharing of best practices, embrace the CLLD initiatives and to provide more flexibility in the operational programmes and in the context of regional, national and EU policy frameworks.

Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) : Parliament stressed that ITI should not be restricted to urban areas only, but may concern geographical areas such as urban neighbourhoods, metropolitan areas, urban-rural, sub-regional or cross-border . It considered that ITI also provides for an appropriate structure to tackle territories with poor access to services, and isolated and disadvantaged communities.

Members encouraged the Member States to opt for a multi-fund approach to ITIs in order to achieve synergies between the funds in a given territory and to tackle challenges in a more comprehensive manner.

Future recommendations : Members are of the opinion that that CLLD and ITI should play an even more important role in the future cohesion policy . They called on the Commission to prepare a report to analyse the impact and effectiveness of CLLD and ITI and whether a compulsory approach in the post-2020 cohesion policy legislation concerning these instruments would be desirable, providing for earmarking of these instruments in operational programmes.

Parliament also:

demanded that the bottom-up approach in the context of ITI be formalised in the next generation of cohesion policy during the programming as well as the implementation phase; encouraged the Commission and the Member States, through coordination with the competent local authorities, to monitor the use of ITI funds ; insisted on improved coordination between the Commission, the Member States and the regions with regard to guidance for these tools.

Lastly, the resolution recommended that guidance be developed simultaneously with the proposal on the new cohesion policy legislation for the programming period after 2020.

Documents
2016/05/10
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2016/05/09
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/02/23
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Regional Development adopted the own-initiative report by Ruža TOMAŠIĆ (ECR, HR) on new territorial development tools in cohesion policy 2014-2020: Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and Community-Led Local Development (CLLD).

Members recalled that the CLLD and ITI are innovative instruments in cohesion policy and that the new ITI and the CLLD initiatives represent step changes in the ability of local stakeholders to combine funding streams and plan well-targeted local initiatives.

CLLD is a new tool for use at sub-regional level. It is based on the LEADER experience of community-led local development and is based on a bottom-up approach: it aims to strengthen synergies between local actors, both public and private. ITI will help implement integrated territorial strategies as it allows bundling of funding from several priority axes of one or more operational programmes. ITIs can be used for delivering the sustainable urban development objective, but can be also aimed at other types of territory.

Member States had to indicate in their Partnership Agreements how ITI and CLLD will be used by Member States and the types of areas and challenges that these mechanisms will address.

General considerations : Members noted that tangible involvement of regional and local actors from the outset , their commitment and ownership of territorial development strategies and proper delegation of responsibilities and resources to lower levels of decision-making are crucial for the success of the bottom-up approach. However, they stressed that local actors require technical and financial support from the regional, national and EU levels, especially in the early stages of the implementation process.

The report called for the need to:

set out strategies at the initial stages of the implementation process in collaboration with regional and local actors, particularly at the level of specific and specialist training, and of technical and financial support, in the context of an effective partnership between the regions, Member States and EU; promote the sub-delegation of competences and resources , within the framework of European Structural and Investment Funds and provide recommendations and comprehensive guidelines to Member States on how to overcome the lack of trust and administrative obstacles between the different levels of governance related to the implementation of CLLD and ITI.

Members recommended that local and regional authorities pay particular attention to projects aimed at adapting localities and regions to the new demographic reality and counteracting the imbalances resulting therefrom, particularly through:

the adaptation of social and mobility infrastructures to demographic change and migratory flows; the creation of specific goods and services aimed at an ageing population; support for job opportunities for older people, women and migrants that contribute to social inclusion; enhanced digital connections and the creation of platforms that enable and foster the participation and interaction of the citizens of the more isolated regions with the various administrative, social and political services of authorities at all levels (local, regional, national and European).

Moreover, Members stressed that youth unemployment and the SMEs lack of financing should be addressed in the local and territorial development strategies as one of their priorities.

The report also stressed that the integration of multiple funds continues to be a challenge for stakeholders , particularly in the context of CLLD and ITI. It considered that simplification efforts are necessary and it invited the Commission and the Member States to provide additional support, training and guidance to smaller and less developed localities which have more limited resources and capacity and for which the administrative burden and complexity related to these tools may be difficult to take on during planning and implementation.

Community-led local development (CLLD) : Members stated that this instrument offers possibilities for urban and peri-urban areas and should be an integral part of wider urban development strategies, including through cross-border cooperation. It encouraged capacity-building, awareness-raising among social and economic partners, as well as civil society stakeholders, and the active participation of those parties, so that as many partners as possible can propose CLLD strategies.

The Commission and the Member States are called upon to encourage the sharing of best practices, embrace the CLLD initiatives and to provide more flexibility in the operational programmes and in the context of regional, national and EU policy frameworks.

Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) : the report stressed that ITI should not be restricted to urban areas only, but may concern geographical areas such as urban neighbourhoods, metropolitan areas, urban-rural, sub-regional or cross-border . It considered that ITI also provides for an appropriate structure to tackle territories with poor access to services, and isolated and disadvantaged communities.

Members encouraged the Member States to opt for a multi-fund approach to ITIs in order to achieve synergies between the funds in a given territory and to tackle challenges in a more comprehensive manner.

Future recommendations : Members are of the opinion that that CLLD and ITI should play an even more important role in the future cohesion policy . They called on the Commission to prepare a report to analyse the impact and effectiveness of CLLD and ITI and whether a compulsory approach in the post-2020 cohesion policy legislation concerning these instruments would be desirable, providing for earmarking of these instruments in operational programmes.

The report also:

demanded that the bottom-up approach in the context of ITI be formalised in the next generation of cohesion policy during the programming as well as the implementation phase; encouraged the Commission and the Member States, through coordination with the competent local authorities, to monitor the use of ITI funds ; insisted on improved coordination between the Commission, the Member States and the regions with regard to guidance for these tools.

Documents
2016/02/16
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2016/01/27
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/12/17
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/11/11
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/10/07
   EP - ŠOJDROVÁ Michaela (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2015/09/10
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2015/06/17
   EP - TOMAŠIĆ Ruža (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in REGI

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0032/2016 - Ruža Tomašić - Vote unique

2016/05/10 Outcome: +: 595, -: 63, 0: 13
DE IT ES PL RO GB FR CZ PT BE NL SE HU FI BG SK HR LT IE EL LV SI DK AT LU CY MT EE ??
Total
86
69
47
44
30
53
69
21
19
20
24
19
18
13
12
12
11
10
10
20
8
8
11
15
5
5
5
4
1
icon: PPE PPE
198

Lithuania PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
168

Netherlands S&D

3

Bulgaria S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Bulgaria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2
2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Denmark ECR

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
48

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

France GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

4

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
15

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1

France NI

3
3
icon: ENF ENF
38

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Romania ENF

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3
AmendmentsDossier
222 2015/2224(INI)
2015/12/17 EMPL 216 amendments...
source: 573.182
2016/01/22 EMPL 6 amendments...
source: 575.312

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Regional Development
committee
REGI
rapporteur
name: TOMAŠIĆ Ruža date: 2015-06-17T00:00:00 group: European Conservatives and Reformists abbr: ECR
shadows
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Regional Development
committee
REGI
date
2015-06-17T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: TOMAŠIĆ Ruža group: European Conservatives and Reformists abbr: ECR
shadows
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Employment and Social Affairs
committee
EMPL
rapporteur
name: ŠOJDROVÁ Michaela date: 2015-10-07T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Employment and Social Affairs
committee
EMPL
date
2015-10-07T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: ŠOJDROVÁ Michaela group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
docs/3/body
EC
events/2/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0032&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2016-0032_EN.html
events/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0211
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2016-0211_EN.html
commission
  • body: EC dg: Regional and Urban Policy commissioner: CREȚU Corina
committees
  • type: Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Regional Development committee: REGI date: 2015-06-17T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: TOMAŠIĆ Ruža group: European Conservatives and Reformists abbr: ECR shadows: name: BUDA Daniel group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE name: RODRIGUES Liliana group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D name: JAKOVČIĆ Ivan group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE name: ANDERSON Martina group: European United Left - Nordic Green Left abbr: GUE/NGL name: ŠKRLEC Davor group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE name: D'AMATO Rosa group: Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy abbr: EFDD name: BRIOIS Steeve group: Europe of Nations and Freedom abbr: ENF
  • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL date: 2015-10-07T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: ŠOJDROVÁ Michaela group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
docs
  • date: 2015-11-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE571.658 title: PE571.658 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2015-12-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE573.173 title: PE573.173 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2016-01-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE571.602&secondRef=02 title: PE571.602 committee: EMPL type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2016-09-23T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=26846&j=0&l=en title: SP(2016)486 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2015-09-10T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-02-16T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-02-23T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0032&language=EN title: A8-0032/2016 summary: The Committee on Regional Development adopted the own-initiative report by Ruža TOMAŠIĆ (ECR, HR) on new territorial development tools in cohesion policy 2014-2020: Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). Members recalled that the CLLD and ITI are innovative instruments in cohesion policy and that the new ITI and the CLLD initiatives represent step changes in the ability of local stakeholders to combine funding streams and plan well-targeted local initiatives. CLLD is a new tool for use at sub-regional level. It is based on the LEADER experience of community-led local development and is based on a bottom-up approach: it aims to strengthen synergies between local actors, both public and private. ITI will help implement integrated territorial strategies as it allows bundling of funding from several priority axes of one or more operational programmes. ITIs can be used for delivering the sustainable urban development objective, but can be also aimed at other types of territory. Member States had to indicate in their Partnership Agreements how ITI and CLLD will be used by Member States and the types of areas and challenges that these mechanisms will address. General considerations : Members noted that tangible involvement of regional and local actors from the outset , their commitment and ownership of territorial development strategies and proper delegation of responsibilities and resources to lower levels of decision-making are crucial for the success of the bottom-up approach. However, they stressed that local actors require technical and financial support from the regional, national and EU levels, especially in the early stages of the implementation process. The report called for the need to: set out strategies at the initial stages of the implementation process in collaboration with regional and local actors, particularly at the level of specific and specialist training, and of technical and financial support, in the context of an effective partnership between the regions, Member States and EU; promote the sub-delegation of competences and resources , within the framework of European Structural and Investment Funds and provide recommendations and comprehensive guidelines to Member States on how to overcome the lack of trust and administrative obstacles between the different levels of governance related to the implementation of CLLD and ITI. Members recommended that local and regional authorities pay particular attention to projects aimed at adapting localities and regions to the new demographic reality and counteracting the imbalances resulting therefrom, particularly through: the adaptation of social and mobility infrastructures to demographic change and migratory flows; the creation of specific goods and services aimed at an ageing population; support for job opportunities for older people, women and migrants that contribute to social inclusion; enhanced digital connections and the creation of platforms that enable and foster the participation and interaction of the citizens of the more isolated regions with the various administrative, social and political services of authorities at all levels (local, regional, national and European). Moreover, Members stressed that youth unemployment and the SMEs lack of financing should be addressed in the local and territorial development strategies as one of their priorities. The report also stressed that the integration of multiple funds continues to be a challenge for stakeholders , particularly in the context of CLLD and ITI. It considered that simplification efforts are necessary and it invited the Commission and the Member States to provide additional support, training and guidance to smaller and less developed localities which have more limited resources and capacity and for which the administrative burden and complexity related to these tools may be difficult to take on during planning and implementation. Community-led local development (CLLD) : Members stated that this instrument offers possibilities for urban and peri-urban areas and should be an integral part of wider urban development strategies, including through cross-border cooperation. It encouraged capacity-building, awareness-raising among social and economic partners, as well as civil society stakeholders, and the active participation of those parties, so that as many partners as possible can propose CLLD strategies. The Commission and the Member States are called upon to encourage the sharing of best practices, embrace the CLLD initiatives and to provide more flexibility in the operational programmes and in the context of regional, national and EU policy frameworks. Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) : the report stressed that ITI should not be restricted to urban areas only, but may concern geographical areas such as urban neighbourhoods, metropolitan areas, urban-rural, sub-regional or cross-border . It considered that ITI also provides for an appropriate structure to tackle territories with poor access to services, and isolated and disadvantaged communities. Members encouraged the Member States to opt for a multi-fund approach to ITIs in order to achieve synergies between the funds in a given territory and to tackle challenges in a more comprehensive manner. Future recommendations : Members are of the opinion that that CLLD and ITI should play an even more important role in the future cohesion policy . They called on the Commission to prepare a report to analyse the impact and effectiveness of CLLD and ITI and whether a compulsory approach in the post-2020 cohesion policy legislation concerning these instruments would be desirable, providing for earmarking of these instruments in operational programmes. The report also: demanded that the bottom-up approach in the context of ITI be formalised in the next generation of cohesion policy during the programming as well as the implementation phase; encouraged the Commission and the Member States, through coordination with the competent local authorities, to monitor the use of ITI funds ; insisted on improved coordination between the Commission, the Member States and the regions with regard to guidance for these tools.
  • date: 2016-05-09T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20160509&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2016-05-10T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=26846&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2016-05-10T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0211 title: T8-0211/2016 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 595 votes to 63, with 13 abstentions, a resolution on the new territorial development tools in cohesion policy 2014-2020: Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) and Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). Members recalled that the CLLD and ITI are innovative instruments in cohesion policy and that the new ITI and the CLLD initiatives represent step changes in the ability of local stakeholders to combine funding streams and plan well-targeted local initiatives. CLLD is a new tool for use at sub-regional level. It is based on the LEADER experience of community-led local development and is based on a bottom-up approach: it aims to strengthen synergies between local actors, both public and private. ITI will help implement integrated territorial strategies as it allows bundling of funding from several priority axes of one or more operational programmes. ITIs can be used for delivering the sustainable urban development objective, but can be also aimed at other types of territory. General considerations : Parliament noted that tangible involvement of regional and local actors from the outset , their commitment and ownership of territorial development strategies and proper delegation of responsibilities and resources to lower levels of decision-making are crucial for the success of the bottom-up approach. However, it stressed that local actors require technical and financial support from the regional, national and EU levels, especially in the early stages of the implementation process. The resolution called for the need to: set out strategies at the initial stages of the implementation process in collaboration with regional and local actors, particularly at the level of specific and specialist training, and of technical and financial support, in the context of an effective partnership between the regions, Member States and EU; promote the sub-delegation of competences and resources , within the framework of European Structural and Investment Funds and provide recommendations and comprehensive guidelines to Member States on how to overcome the lack of trust and administrative obstacles between the different levels of governance related to the implementation of CLLD and ITI. Actions taken under these tools, while taking into account the priorities of local actors, need to be aligned with the overarching objectives of the operational programmes as well as with other EU, national, regional and local development strategies and smart specialisation strategies, while allowing for margins of flexibility. Priorities : Parliament recommended that local and regional authorities pay particular attention to projects aimed at adapting localities and regions to the new demographic reality and counteracting the imbalances resulting therefrom, particularly through: the adaptation of social and mobility infrastructures to demographic change and migratory flows; the creation of specific goods and services aimed at an ageing population; support for job opportunities for older people, women and migrants that contribute to social inclusion; enhanced digital connections and the creation of platforms that enable and foster the participation and interaction of the citizens of the more isolated regions with the various administrative, social and political services of authorities at all levels (local, regional, national and European). Moreover, Parliament stressed that youth unemployment and the SMEs lack of financing should be addressed in the local and territorial development strategies as one of their priorities. Members encouraged the Member States to use these instruments on projects to: (i) create high-quality jobs and opportunities for SMEs, (ii) promote investment, sustainable and inclusive growth, and social investment and to (iii) contribute to poverty reduction and social inclusion, especially in those regions and sub-regions where it is most needed. They pointed out in this regard the importance of integrated funding , and especially the combination of ESF and ERDF . They pointed to the potential of reinvesting parts of local taxes in performance-oriented activities and called on the Commission to develop a special investment strategy , in line with the Social Investment Package, which could benefit regions with the highest unemployment rates. The resolution port also stressed that the integration of multiple funds continues to be a challenge for stakeholders , particularly in the context of CLLD and ITI. It considered that simplification efforts are necessary and it invited the Commission and the Member States to provide additional support, training and guidance to smaller and less developed localities which have more limited resources and capacity and for which the administrative burden and complexity related to these tools may be difficult to take on during planning and implementation. The Commission is urged to implement regulations covering CLLD and ITI funding from the European Structural and Investment Funds as a whole in order to strengthen synergies. Community-led local development (CLLD) : Parliament stated that this instrument offers possibilities for urban and peri-urban areas and should be an integral part of wider urban development strategies, including through cross-border cooperation. It encouraged capacity-building, awareness-raising among social and economic partners, as well as civil society stakeholders, and the active participation of those parties, so that as many partners as possible can propose CLLD strategies. It recalled that the ESF Regulation allows for a specific investment priority on ‘community-led local development strategies’ under Thematic Objective 9, and encouraged the Member States to include this in their operational programmes. The Commission and the Member States are called upon to encourage the sharing of best practices, embrace the CLLD initiatives and to provide more flexibility in the operational programmes and in the context of regional, national and EU policy frameworks. Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) : Parliament stressed that ITI should not be restricted to urban areas only, but may concern geographical areas such as urban neighbourhoods, metropolitan areas, urban-rural, sub-regional or cross-border . It considered that ITI also provides for an appropriate structure to tackle territories with poor access to services, and isolated and disadvantaged communities. Members encouraged the Member States to opt for a multi-fund approach to ITIs in order to achieve synergies between the funds in a given territory and to tackle challenges in a more comprehensive manner. Future recommendations : Members are of the opinion that that CLLD and ITI should play an even more important role in the future cohesion policy . They called on the Commission to prepare a report to analyse the impact and effectiveness of CLLD and ITI and whether a compulsory approach in the post-2020 cohesion policy legislation concerning these instruments would be desirable, providing for earmarking of these instruments in operational programmes. Parliament also: demanded that the bottom-up approach in the context of ITI be formalised in the next generation of cohesion policy during the programming as well as the implementation phase; encouraged the Commission and the Member States, through coordination with the competent local authorities, to monitor the use of ITI funds ; insisted on improved coordination between the Commission, the Member States and the regions with regard to guidance for these tools. Lastly, the resolution recommended that guidance be developed simultaneously with the proposal on the new cohesion policy legislation for the programming period after 2020.
  • date: 2016-05-10T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
procedure
reference
2015/2224(INI)
title
New territorial development tools in the cohesion policy 2014-2020: integrated territorial investment (ITI) and community-led local development (CLLD)
subject
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subtype
Initiative
legal_basis
Rules of Procedure EP 54
Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 159
stage_reached
Procedure completed
dossier_of_the_committee
REGI/8/04364