BETA


2015/2278(INI) Cohesion policy and research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3)

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead REGI VALCÁRCEL SISO Ramón Luis (icon: PPE PPE) DĂNCILĂ Viorica (icon: S&D S&D), PORĘBA Tomasz Piotr (icon: ECR ECR), VAN MILTENBURG Matthijs (icon: ALDE ALDE), ŠKRLEC Davor (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), D'AMATO Rosa (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2016/12/21
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2016/09/13
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2016/09/13
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 570 votes to 54 with 15 abstentions, a resolution on cohesion policy and research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3).

Members recalled that strengthening research, technological development and innovation is one of the investment priorities under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) for 2014-2020. For the 2014-2020 programming period, Member States are required to develop national and/or regional smart specialisation strategies by involving national and regional managing authorities and stakeholders.

Smart specialisation combines and brings together different policies, including those for entrepreneurship, education and innovation, in order for regions to identify and select priority areas for their development and related investments by focusing on their strengths and comparative advantages.

The central role of RIS3 : Parliament underlined that smart specialisation strategies support thematic concentration and strategic programming of the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESI Funds) and lead to increased performance orientation on the ground, thus contributing to the achievement of the Europe 2020 objectives. It called on all actors involved to:

develop RIS3 on the basis of analyses of each region’s existing capabilities, assets and competences; focus on entrepreneurial discovery in order to detect emerging niches or comparative advantages for smart specialisation, avoid forced and artificial overspecialisation; enhance a stronger partnership between public and private sectors while always avoiding possible conflicts of interest between the private and public sectors.

Members supported a broad definition of innovation as signifying the transformation of an idea into a new or improved product or service introduced on the market. They asked for:

regions to design schemes for innovative support services aimed at complementing or replacing existing support services, in order to allow a given region to achieve its full competitive potential, help enterprises absorb new knowledge and technology in order to remain competitive; the Commission to align the general block exemption regulation in order to allow the Seal of Excellence conditions to be offered by the ESI Funds; national authorities to invest in regional intelligence and big data mining so that they are enabled both to demonstrate their unique competitive advantage and to understand trends relating to regional enterprises in the global value chain.

Welcoming the role of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3 platform) established by the Commission’s DG REGIO and located at the JRC in Seville, Parliament stressed that this platform should: (i) play a key role in advising regions and setting benchmarks on their innovation strategies; (ii) help lagging regions and enhancing multilevel governance and synergies between regions.

Multi-level governance and its capacity : Members regretted that some Member States have decided to opt for national RIS3 without giving local and regional authorities a chance to develop their own views. They called on the Member States concerned to reconsider replacing the national RIS3 by regional ones in order not to miss out on growth opportunities , and called for a better coordination between national and regional S3 strategies wherever appropriate, in order to adapt them if necessary to future needs and requirements for sustainable development, in particular in the food and energy sectors.

In order to encourage a change of mentality and to promote innovative policy approaches to boost intra-regional, inter-regional, extra-regional, cross-border and transnational collaboration, Parliament called for:

the development of flexibility and coordination mechanisms to link the results of the RIS3 process to the implementation of Horizon 2020 and other programmes; the encouragement of regions to engage in forms of transnational cooperation such as the Vanguard Initiative, the Seal of Excellence, the Knowledge Exchange Platform (KEP), the S3 platforms, the Stairway to Excellence, and the regional innovation schemes for the co-location centres of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT); the facilitation of the development of strategic cluster partnerships , with a view to boosting investment, enhancing coordination, creating synergies and promoting exchanges of views in order to avoid duplication and inefficient spending of public resources.

Better synergies for growth and job creation : Parliament underlined that the coordinated and complementary use of ESI Funds together with Horizon 2020 and EFSI funds provides excellent options for boosting innovation at regional, national and EU levels by enhancing the attractiveness of investment in research and innovation in order to attract private capital to complement public funding. It called for increased support for SMEs and start-ups , as the vast majority of these are at the forefront of disruptive innovation.

Smart cities as catalysts for RIS3 : the resolution stressed the need for the further development and extension throughout Europe of the concept of 'smart and connected cities' . It welcomed the intention of the Dutch EU Presidency to create a bottom-up approach empowering cities in coordination with regional authorities, to develop the EU Urban Agenda.

Monitoring and evaluation : Members regretted a lack of granularity in many of the strategies, and called for the refinement of the prioritisation process, thus avoiding the risk of focusing all strategies on the same topics. They called for the development of strategies not only in high technology but also in low technology and social innovation.

The EU and the Member States were called upon to carry out periodic (annual and mid-term) monitoring – both quantitative and qualitative – of the implementation of the strategies, and to involve all stakeholders, including civil society, in the process.

Main lessons : Parliament called on the Commission to push for a review of the strategies in 2017 in order to boost their efficiency and effectiveness, and to provide information on their contribution to both future cohesion and research and innovation policies after 2020. It asked DG REGIO and the S3 platform to draft, and widely disseminate, a short policy paper on the past RIS3 experience.

Documents
2016/09/13
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2016/09/12
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/04/28
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Regional Development adopted the own-initiative report by Ramón Luis VALCÁRCEL SISO (EPP, ES) on Cohesion Policy and Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3).

Members recalled that during the last legislative period, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) in support of Thematic Objective No 1, established that regions were required to focus their investment on R&D&I via smart specialisation strategies in the 2014-2020 programming period. Therefore, RIS3 is an ex-ante condition for member states and EU regions for receiving European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF).

Smart specialisation combines and brings together different policies, including those for entrepreneurship, education and innovation, in order for regions to identify and select priority areas for their development and related investments by focusing on their strengths and comparative advantages.

The central role of RIS3 : Members underlined that smart specialisation strategies support thematic concentration and strategic programming of the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESI Funds) and lead to increased performance orientation on the ground, thus contributing to the achievement of the Europe 2020 objectives. They called on all actors involved to:

develop RIS3 on the basis of analyses of each region’s existing capabilities, assets and competences; focus on entrepreneurial discovery in order to detect emerging niches or comparative advantages for smart specialisation, avoid forced and artificial overspecialisation; enhance a stronger partnership between public and private sectors while always avoiding possible conflicts of interest between the private and public sectors.

Members supported a broad definition of innovation as signifying the transformation of an idea into a new or improved product or service introduced on the market, into a new or improved operational process used in industry and commerce, or into a new approach to a social service.

They asked for:

regions to design schemes for innovative support services aimed at complementing or replacing existing support services, in order to allow a given region to achieve its full competitive potential, help enterprises absorb new knowledge and technology in order to remain competitive; the Commission to align the general block exemption regulation in order to allow the Seal of Excellence conditions to be offered by the ESI Funds; national authorities to invest in regional intelligence and big data mining so that they are enabled both to demonstrate their unique competitive advantage and to understand trends relating to regional enterprises in the global value chain.

Welcoming the role of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3 platform) established by the Commission’s DG REGIO and located at the JRC in Seville, the report stressed that this platform should: (i) play a key role in advising regions and setting benchmarks on their innovation strategies; (ii) help lagging regions and enhancing multilevel governance and synergies between regions.

Multi-level governance and its capacity : Members regretted that some Member States have decided to opt for national RIS3 without giving local and regional authorities a chance to develop their own views. They called on the Member States concerned to reconsider replacing the national RIS3 by regional ones in order not to miss out on growth opportunities , and called for a better coordination between national and regional S3 strategies wherever appropriate, in order to adapt them if necessary to future needs and requirements for sustainable development, in particular in the food and energy sectors.

In order to encourage a change of mentality and to promote innovative policy approaches to boost intra-regional, inter-regional, extra-regional, cross-border and transnational collaboration, the report called for:

the development of flexibility and coordination mechanisms to link the results of the RIS3 process to the implementation of Horizon 2020 and other programmes; the encouragement of regions to engage in forms of transnational cooperation such as the Vanguard Initiative, the Seal of Excellence, the Knowledge Exchange Platform (KEP), the S3 platforms, the Stairway to Excellence, and the regional innovation schemes for the co-location centres of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT); the facilitation of the development of strategic cluster partnerships , with a view to boosting investment, enhancing coordination, creating synergies and promoting exchanges of views in order to avoid duplication and inefficient spending of public resources.

Better synergies for growth and job creation : Members criticised the lack of synergies across ESI Funds and other EU financing instruments, which hinders coordination, coherence and integration in EU funding, as well as reducing its results and impact. They called for action to obtain the necessary information for achieving synergies between the various policies and instruments available in the RIS3, such as the cohesion policy for 2014-2020, the smart specialisation platform, the European Cluster Observatory, the European Innovation Partnership, the European Strategy Forum, the Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) and the research infrastructures.

The report stressed the need for the further development and extension throughout Europe of the concept of 'smart and connected cities' . It welcomed the intention of the Dutch EU Presidency to create a bottom-up approach empowering cities in coordination with regional authorities, to develop the EU Urban Agenda.

Monitoring and evaluation : although most regions have adopted a RIS3, a considerable number of them still need to work on complying with the ex-ante conditionality requirements , the main challenges being the monitoring mechanism, the budgetary framework and the measures to stimulate private-sector research and innovation investments.

Members regretted a lack of granularity in many of the strategies, and called for the refinement of the prioritisation process, thus avoiding the risk of focusing all strategies on the same topics. They called for the development of strategies not only in high technology but also in low technology and social innovation.

The EU and the Member States are called upon to carry out periodic (annual and mid-term) monitoring – both quantitative and qualitative – of the implementation of the strategies, and to involve all stakeholders, including civil society, in the process.

Main lessons : Members called on the Commission to push for a review of the strategies in 2017 in order to boost their efficiency and effectiveness, and to provide information on their contribution to both future cohesion and research and innovation policies after 2020. They asked DG REGIO and the S3 platform to draft, and widely disseminate, a short policy paper on the past RIS3 experience.

Documents
2016/04/19
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2016/02/29
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/01/19
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/10/29
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2015/07/14
   EP - VALCÁRCEL SISO Ramón Luis (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in REGI

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0159/2016 - Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso - Vote unique

2016/09/13 Outcome: +: 570, -: 54, 0: 15
DE IT ES PL RO FR GB CZ AT NL BE SE PT HU BG SK EL FI DK LT HR SI LV IE MT EE CY LU
Total
77
62
47
45
30
67
61
20
17
20
17
19
14
14
13
12
20
10
11
9
8
8
7
10
6
5
5
4
icon: PPE PPE
191

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Croatia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
icon: S&D S&D
157

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1

Denmark S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: ECR ECR
59

Italy ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
4

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: NI NI
10

Germany NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
40

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

France EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2
icon: ENF ENF
34

Germany ENF

For (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
137 2015/2278(INI)
2016/02/29 REGI 137 amendments...
source: 578.511

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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REGI
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shadows
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EC
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activities
  • date: 2015-10-29T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: DĂNCILĂ Viorica group: ECR name: PORĘBA Tomasz Piotr group: ALDE name: VAN MILTENBURG Matthijs group: Verts/ALE name: ŠKRLEC Davor group: EFD name: D'AMATO Rosa responsible: True committee: REGI date: 2015-07-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: EPP name: VALCÁRCEL SISO Ramón Luis
  • date: 2016-04-19T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: DĂNCILĂ Viorica group: ECR name: PORĘBA Tomasz Piotr group: ALDE name: VAN MILTENBURG Matthijs group: Verts/ALE name: ŠKRLEC Davor group: EFD name: D'AMATO Rosa responsible: True committee: REGI date: 2015-07-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: EPP name: VALCÁRCEL SISO Ramón Luis
  • date: 2016-04-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0159&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A8-0159/2016 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2016-09-12T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20160912&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2016-09-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0320 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T8-0320/2016 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
commission
  • body: EC dg: Regional and Urban Policy commissioner: CREȚU Corina
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Regional Development
committee
REGI
date
2015-07-14T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: VALCÁRCEL SISO Ramón Luis group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
shadows
committees/0
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
opinion
False
committees/1
body
EP
shadows
responsible
True
committee
REGI
date
2015-07-14T00:00:00
committee_full
Regional Development
rapporteur
group: EPP name: VALCÁRCEL SISO Ramón Luis
docs
  • date: 2016-01-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE575.283 title: PE575.283 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2016-02-29T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE578.511 title: PE578.511 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2016-12-21T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=27145&j=0&l=en title: SP(2016)876 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2015-10-29T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-04-19T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-04-28T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0159&language=EN title: A8-0159/2016 summary: The Committee on Regional Development adopted the own-initiative report by Ramón Luis VALCÁRCEL SISO (EPP, ES) on Cohesion Policy and Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3). Members recalled that during the last legislative period, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) in support of Thematic Objective No 1, established that regions were required to focus their investment on R&D&I via smart specialisation strategies in the 2014-2020 programming period. Therefore, RIS3 is an ex-ante condition for member states and EU regions for receiving European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF). Smart specialisation combines and brings together different policies, including those for entrepreneurship, education and innovation, in order for regions to identify and select priority areas for their development and related investments by focusing on their strengths and comparative advantages. The central role of RIS3 : Members underlined that smart specialisation strategies support thematic concentration and strategic programming of the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESI Funds) and lead to increased performance orientation on the ground, thus contributing to the achievement of the Europe 2020 objectives. They called on all actors involved to: develop RIS3 on the basis of analyses of each region’s existing capabilities, assets and competences; focus on entrepreneurial discovery in order to detect emerging niches or comparative advantages for smart specialisation, avoid forced and artificial overspecialisation; enhance a stronger partnership between public and private sectors while always avoiding possible conflicts of interest between the private and public sectors. Members supported a broad definition of innovation as signifying the transformation of an idea into a new or improved product or service introduced on the market, into a new or improved operational process used in industry and commerce, or into a new approach to a social service. They asked for: regions to design schemes for innovative support services aimed at complementing or replacing existing support services, in order to allow a given region to achieve its full competitive potential, help enterprises absorb new knowledge and technology in order to remain competitive; the Commission to align the general block exemption regulation in order to allow the Seal of Excellence conditions to be offered by the ESI Funds; national authorities to invest in regional intelligence and big data mining so that they are enabled both to demonstrate their unique competitive advantage and to understand trends relating to regional enterprises in the global value chain. Welcoming the role of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3 platform) established by the Commission’s DG REGIO and located at the JRC in Seville, the report stressed that this platform should: (i) play a key role in advising regions and setting benchmarks on their innovation strategies; (ii) help lagging regions and enhancing multilevel governance and synergies between regions. Multi-level governance and its capacity : Members regretted that some Member States have decided to opt for national RIS3 without giving local and regional authorities a chance to develop their own views. They called on the Member States concerned to reconsider replacing the national RIS3 by regional ones in order not to miss out on growth opportunities , and called for a better coordination between national and regional S3 strategies wherever appropriate, in order to adapt them if necessary to future needs and requirements for sustainable development, in particular in the food and energy sectors. In order to encourage a change of mentality and to promote innovative policy approaches to boost intra-regional, inter-regional, extra-regional, cross-border and transnational collaboration, the report called for: the development of flexibility and coordination mechanisms to link the results of the RIS3 process to the implementation of Horizon 2020 and other programmes; the encouragement of regions to engage in forms of transnational cooperation such as the Vanguard Initiative, the Seal of Excellence, the Knowledge Exchange Platform (KEP), the S3 platforms, the Stairway to Excellence, and the regional innovation schemes for the co-location centres of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT); the facilitation of the development of strategic cluster partnerships , with a view to boosting investment, enhancing coordination, creating synergies and promoting exchanges of views in order to avoid duplication and inefficient spending of public resources. Better synergies for growth and job creation : Members criticised the lack of synergies across ESI Funds and other EU financing instruments, which hinders coordination, coherence and integration in EU funding, as well as reducing its results and impact. They called for action to obtain the necessary information for achieving synergies between the various policies and instruments available in the RIS3, such as the cohesion policy for 2014-2020, the smart specialisation platform, the European Cluster Observatory, the European Innovation Partnership, the European Strategy Forum, the Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) and the research infrastructures. The report stressed the need for the further development and extension throughout Europe of the concept of 'smart and connected cities' . It welcomed the intention of the Dutch EU Presidency to create a bottom-up approach empowering cities in coordination with regional authorities, to develop the EU Urban Agenda. Monitoring and evaluation : although most regions have adopted a RIS3, a considerable number of them still need to work on complying with the ex-ante conditionality requirements , the main challenges being the monitoring mechanism, the budgetary framework and the measures to stimulate private-sector research and innovation investments. Members regretted a lack of granularity in many of the strategies, and called for the refinement of the prioritisation process, thus avoiding the risk of focusing all strategies on the same topics. They called for the development of strategies not only in high technology but also in low technology and social innovation. The EU and the Member States are called upon to carry out periodic (annual and mid-term) monitoring – both quantitative and qualitative – of the implementation of the strategies, and to involve all stakeholders, including civil society, in the process. Main lessons : Members called on the Commission to push for a review of the strategies in 2017 in order to boost their efficiency and effectiveness, and to provide information on their contribution to both future cohesion and research and innovation policies after 2020. They asked DG REGIO and the S3 platform to draft, and widely disseminate, a short policy paper on the past RIS3 experience.
  • date: 2016-09-12T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20160912&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2016-09-13T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=27145&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2016-09-13T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0320 title: T8-0320/2016 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 570 votes to 54 with 15 abstentions, a resolution on cohesion policy and research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3). Members recalled that strengthening research, technological development and innovation is one of the investment priorities under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) for 2014-2020. For the 2014-2020 programming period, Member States are required to develop national and/or regional smart specialisation strategies by involving national and regional managing authorities and stakeholders. Smart specialisation combines and brings together different policies, including those for entrepreneurship, education and innovation, in order for regions to identify and select priority areas for their development and related investments by focusing on their strengths and comparative advantages. The central role of RIS3 : Parliament underlined that smart specialisation strategies support thematic concentration and strategic programming of the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESI Funds) and lead to increased performance orientation on the ground, thus contributing to the achievement of the Europe 2020 objectives. It called on all actors involved to: develop RIS3 on the basis of analyses of each region’s existing capabilities, assets and competences; focus on entrepreneurial discovery in order to detect emerging niches or comparative advantages for smart specialisation, avoid forced and artificial overspecialisation; enhance a stronger partnership between public and private sectors while always avoiding possible conflicts of interest between the private and public sectors. Members supported a broad definition of innovation as signifying the transformation of an idea into a new or improved product or service introduced on the market. They asked for: regions to design schemes for innovative support services aimed at complementing or replacing existing support services, in order to allow a given region to achieve its full competitive potential, help enterprises absorb new knowledge and technology in order to remain competitive; the Commission to align the general block exemption regulation in order to allow the Seal of Excellence conditions to be offered by the ESI Funds; national authorities to invest in regional intelligence and big data mining so that they are enabled both to demonstrate their unique competitive advantage and to understand trends relating to regional enterprises in the global value chain. Welcoming the role of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3 platform) established by the Commission’s DG REGIO and located at the JRC in Seville, Parliament stressed that this platform should: (i) play a key role in advising regions and setting benchmarks on their innovation strategies; (ii) help lagging regions and enhancing multilevel governance and synergies between regions. Multi-level governance and its capacity : Members regretted that some Member States have decided to opt for national RIS3 without giving local and regional authorities a chance to develop their own views. They called on the Member States concerned to reconsider replacing the national RIS3 by regional ones in order not to miss out on growth opportunities , and called for a better coordination between national and regional S3 strategies wherever appropriate, in order to adapt them if necessary to future needs and requirements for sustainable development, in particular in the food and energy sectors. In order to encourage a change of mentality and to promote innovative policy approaches to boost intra-regional, inter-regional, extra-regional, cross-border and transnational collaboration, Parliament called for: the development of flexibility and coordination mechanisms to link the results of the RIS3 process to the implementation of Horizon 2020 and other programmes; the encouragement of regions to engage in forms of transnational cooperation such as the Vanguard Initiative, the Seal of Excellence, the Knowledge Exchange Platform (KEP), the S3 platforms, the Stairway to Excellence, and the regional innovation schemes for the co-location centres of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT); the facilitation of the development of strategic cluster partnerships , with a view to boosting investment, enhancing coordination, creating synergies and promoting exchanges of views in order to avoid duplication and inefficient spending of public resources. Better synergies for growth and job creation : Parliament underlined that the coordinated and complementary use of ESI Funds together with Horizon 2020 and EFSI funds provides excellent options for boosting innovation at regional, national and EU levels by enhancing the attractiveness of investment in research and innovation in order to attract private capital to complement public funding. It called for increased support for SMEs and start-ups , as the vast majority of these are at the forefront of disruptive innovation. Smart cities as catalysts for RIS3 : the resolution stressed the need for the further development and extension throughout Europe of the concept of 'smart and connected cities' . It welcomed the intention of the Dutch EU Presidency to create a bottom-up approach empowering cities in coordination with regional authorities, to develop the EU Urban Agenda. Monitoring and evaluation : Members regretted a lack of granularity in many of the strategies, and called for the refinement of the prioritisation process, thus avoiding the risk of focusing all strategies on the same topics. They called for the development of strategies not only in high technology but also in low technology and social innovation. The EU and the Member States were called upon to carry out periodic (annual and mid-term) monitoring – both quantitative and qualitative – of the implementation of the strategies, and to involve all stakeholders, including civil society, in the process. Main lessons : Parliament called on the Commission to push for a review of the strategies in 2017 in order to boost their efficiency and effectiveness, and to provide information on their contribution to both future cohesion and research and innovation policies after 2020. It asked DG REGIO and the S3 platform to draft, and widely disseminate, a short policy paper on the past RIS3 experience.
  • date: 2016-09-13T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
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  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/regional_policy/index_en.htm title: Regional and Urban Policy commissioner: CREȚU Corina
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REGI/8/04824
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  • 3.50.01 European research area and policy
  • 3.50.04 Innovation
  • 4.70.02 Cohesion policy, Cohesion Fund (CF)
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3.50.01
European research area and policy
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  • The Committee on Regional Development adopted the own-initiative report by Ramón Luis VALCÁRCEL SISO (EPP, ES) on Cohesion Policy and Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3).

    Members recalled that during the last legislative period, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) in support of Thematic Objective No 1, established that regions were required to focus their investment on R&D&I via smart specialisation strategies in the 2014-2020 programming period. Therefore, RIS3 is an ex-ante condition for member states and EU regions for receiving European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF).

    Smart specialisation combines and brings together different policies, including those for entrepreneurship, education and innovation, in order for regions to identify and select priority areas for their development and related investments by focusing on their strengths and comparative advantages.

    The central role of RIS3: Members underlined that smart specialisation strategies support thematic concentration and strategic programming of the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESI Funds) and lead to increased performance orientation on the ground, thus contributing to the achievement of the Europe 2020 objectives. They called on all actors involved to:

    • develop RIS3 on the basis of analyses of each region’s existing capabilities, assets and competences;
    • focus on entrepreneurial discovery in order to detect emerging niches or comparative advantages for smart specialisation, avoid forced and artificial overspecialisation;
    • enhance a stronger partnership between public and private sectors while always avoiding possible conflicts of interest between the private and public sectors.

    Members supported a broad definition of innovation as signifying the transformation of an idea into a new or improved product or service introduced on the market, into a new or improved operational process used in industry and commerce, or into a new approach to a social service.

    They asked for:

    • regions to design schemes for innovative support services aimed at complementing or replacing existing support services, in order to allow a given region to achieve its full competitive potential, help enterprises absorb new knowledge and technology in order to remain competitive;
    • the Commission to align the general block exemption regulation in order to allow the Seal of Excellence conditions to be offered by the ESI Funds;
    • national authorities to invest in regional intelligence and big data mining so that they are enabled both to demonstrate their unique competitive advantage and to understand trends relating to regional enterprises in the global value chain.

    Welcoming the role of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3 platform) established by the Commission’s DG REGIO and located at the JRC in Seville, the report stressed that this platform should: (i) play a key role in advising regions and setting benchmarks on their innovation strategies; (ii) help lagging regions and enhancing multilevel governance and synergies between regions.

    Multi-level governance and its capacity: Members regretted that some Member States have decided to opt for national RIS3 without giving local and regional authorities a chance to develop their own views. They called on the Member States concerned to reconsider replacing the national RIS3 by regional ones in order not to miss out on growth opportunities, and called for a better coordination between national and regional S3 strategies wherever appropriate, in order to adapt them if necessary to future needs and requirements for sustainable development, in particular in the food and energy sectors.

    In order to encourage a change of mentality and to promote innovative policy approaches to boost intra-regional, inter-regional, extra-regional, cross-border and transnational collaboration, the report called for:

    • the development of flexibility and coordination mechanisms to link the results of the RIS3 process to the implementation of Horizon 2020 and other programmes;
    • the encouragement of regions to engage in forms of transnational cooperation such as the Vanguard Initiative, the Seal of Excellence, the Knowledge Exchange Platform (KEP), the S3 platforms, the Stairway to Excellence, and the regional innovation schemes for the co-location centres of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT);
    • the facilitation of the development of strategic cluster partnerships, with a view to boosting investment, enhancing coordination, creating synergies and promoting exchanges of views in order to avoid duplication and inefficient spending of public resources.

    Better synergies for growth and job creation: Members criticised the lack of synergies across ESI Funds and other EU financing instruments, which hinders coordination, coherence and integration in EU funding, as well as reducing its results and impact. They called for action to obtain the necessary information for achieving synergies between the various policies and instruments available in the RIS3, such as the cohesion policy for 2014-2020, the smart specialisation platform, the European Cluster Observatory, the European Innovation Partnership, the European Strategy Forum, the Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) and the research infrastructures.

    The report stressed the need for the further development and extension throughout Europe of the concept of 'smart and connected cities'. It welcomed the intention of the Dutch EU Presidency to create a bottom-up approach empowering cities in coordination with regional authorities, to develop the EU Urban Agenda.

    Monitoring and evaluation: although most regions have adopted a RIS3, a considerable number of them still need to work on complying with the ex-ante conditionality requirements, the main challenges being the monitoring mechanism, the budgetary framework and the measures to stimulate private-sector research and innovation investments.

    Members regretted a lack of granularity in many of the strategies, and called for the refinement of the prioritisation process, thus avoiding the risk of focusing all strategies on the same topics. They called for the development of strategies not only in high technology but also in low technology and social innovation.

    The EU and the Member States are called upon to carry out periodic (annual and mid-term) monitoring – both quantitative and qualitative – of the implementation of the strategies, and to involve all stakeholders, including civil society, in the process.

    Main lessons: Members called on the Commission to push for a review of the strategies in 2017 in order to boost their efficiency and effectiveness, and to provide information on their contribution to both future cohesion and research and innovation policies after 2020. They asked DG REGIO and the S3 platform to draft, and widely disseminate, a short policy paper on the past RIS3 experience.

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Cohesion Policy and research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3)
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Cohesion policy and research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3)
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  • date: 2015-10-29T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: IOTOVA Iliana group: ECR name: PORĘBA Tomasz Piotr group: ALDE name: VAN MILTENBURG Matthijs group: Verts/ALE name: ŠKRLEC Davor group: EFD name: D'AMATO Rosa responsible: True committee: REGI date: 2015-07-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: EPP name: VALCÁRCEL SISO Ramón Luis
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  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: IOTOVA Iliana group: ECR name: PORĘBA Tomasz Piotr group: ALDE name: VAN MILTENBURG Matthijs group: Verts/ALE name: ŠKRLEC Davor group: EFD name: D'AMATO Rosa responsible: True committee: REGI date: 2015-07-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: EPP name: VALCÁRCEL SISO Ramón Luis
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  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/regional_policy/index_en.htm title: Regional and Urban Policy commissioner: CREȚU Corina
procedure
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Cohesion Policy and research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3)
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