BETA


2015/2349(INI) New opportunities for small transport businesses, including collaborative business models

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead TRAN RIQUET Dominique (icon: ALDE ALDE) MONTEIRO DE AGUIAR Cláudia (icon: PPE PPE), GRAPINI Maria (icon: S&D S&D), ZŁOTOWSKI Kosma (icon: ECR ECR), KYLLÖNEN Merja (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), DELLI Karima (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), AIUTO Daniela (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion EMPL GENTILE Elena (icon: S&D S&D) Laura AGEA (icon: EFDD EFDD), Marian HARKIN (icon: ALDE ALDE), Paloma LÓPEZ BERMEJO (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Dominique MARTIN (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2017/03/22
   Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2016/11/24
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2016/11/24
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 497 to 76, with 38 abstentions, a resolution on new opportunities for small transport businesses, including collaborative business models.

Members recalled that small transport undertakings play a crucial role in the proper functioning of mobility in Europe , but often encounter difficulties in accessing or maintaining their place within the market, notably due to the presence of monopolies on that market.

A recent study by the Commission showed that 17 % of European consumers have used services provided by the sharing economy, and 52 % are aware of the services offered. Consumer expectations seek easily accessible and flexible ways to use transport services while prices are maintained in line with the actual costs of provision as well as easy access to reservations and secure payment for services provided. A collaborative economy in the transport sector can actively promote the development of sustainable forms of mobility.

Challenges to small transport businesses : Parliament stated that transport businesses face considerable challenges in order to respond to the increasing demand for mobility within the constraints of limited infrastructure and increasing environmental requirements :

changing vehicle emission standards too frequently can prove particularly problematic for smaller transport companies as can the complex nature of the transport sector, which is characterised by multi-level governance still largely compartmentalised by mode of transport; the sector is subject to heavy regulation, particularly regarding access to the profession, activities concerned and the development, use and marketing of transport services (exclusive rights, capping of the number of licenses); despite the new opportunities afforded by new collaborative business models, there are also anti-competitive practices resulting from the uneven application of EU rules across Member States, in particular as regards pay and social security systems, which may lead to serious distortions such as social dumping, as well as security challenges.

The Commission and the Member States are called on to:

step up law enforcement: Members considered that any change to the legislation concerning social and working conditions must respect all EU fundamental freedoms, must not restrict fair competition based on objective competitive advantages, and must not create any further administrative burdens or additional costs for small transport businesses; consider the pooling of small transport companies , which would facilitate the development of partnership between such companies and help customers locate the desired small transport company services according to their needs; come up with a roadmap on connected and automated vehicles , and to analyse the potential effects that widespread use of this technology could have on the European transport sector, especially on SME.

Recommendations: how to transform the challenges into opportunities : Parliament considered that fostering an integrated and coordinated European mobility system is the best way of properly integrating all companies offering all modes of transport into a common dynamic process.

The resolution called:

for efforts to be pursued with a view to completing the single European transport area : any legislation which imposes new requirements on small businesses, particularly tax-related, social and environmental measures, should be proportionate, simple and clear, not hampering their development and reflecting where necessary regional and national characteristics in different Member States; for the possibilities offered by the European Fund for Strategic Investments ( EFSI ) to be exploited in order to help SMEs in the transport sector develop new mobility solutions; for appropriate action to be taken to combat anti-competitive practices by large integrated groups in order to tackle discrimination and market access restrictions, regardless of size or type of enterprise, especially regarding new business models; improved dialogue , especially in new and potential markets, between carriers and ordering parties, as well as a solution to the problem of bogus self-employed persons; for the improvement of transparency, for the review and harmonisation of the rules on access to regulated occupations and activities in Europe and of checks on those occupations, so as to enable new operators and services linked to digital platforms and the collaborative economy to develop in a business-friendly environment; for the establishment of a modernised multimodal regulatory framework that fosters innovation and competitiveness as well as the protection of consumers and their data, safeguarding workers’ rights and ensuring a level playing field for different operators; on the Member States to assess the need to bring their national labour law up to date with the digital age , taking into account the features of collaborative economy models and each country’s individual labour laws; national authorities to be allowed to ask for the information they deem necessary from the intermediation platforms in order to facilitate compliance by all parties with their tax and social security obligations , as well as to guarantee that service providers using the platforms are competent and duly qualified (so as to ensure consumer protection); for the establishment of cooperation structures between small transport businesses, scientific research institutes and local and regional authorities, with a view to improving the organisation of sustainable urban and interurban mobility.

The Commission, in cooperation with national, regional and local authorities in the Member States, to:

develop cooperation and communication platforms in order to advise and train SMEs with regard to different funding schemes, grants and internationalisation; promote innovations in the sharing economy , which will themselves be facilitated by the emergence of collaborative business models, e.g. car sharing, bicycle sharing, shared cargo transport, shared taxis, car-pooling, and buses on demand, and the interconnection of these modes of transport with public transport; ensure that employment and social policies keep pace with the digitalisation of the transport labour market.

Members are of the opinion that legislative requirements should be proportionate to the nature of the business and size of the company. However, they raised concerns about whether there continue to be grounds for exempting light commercial vehicles (LCVs) from application of a number of European rules, given the increasing use of LCVs in the international transport of goods.

Documents
2016/11/24
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2016/11/23
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/11/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted an own-initiative report by Dominique RIQUET (ADLE, FR) on new opportunities for small transport businesses, including collaborative business models.

A recent study by the Commission showed that 17 % of European consumers have used services provided by the sharing economy , and 52 % are aware of the services offered. Consumer expectations seek easily accessible and flexible ways to use transport services while prices are maintained in line with the actual costs of provision as well as easy access to reservations and secure payment for services provided. A collaborative economy in the transport sector can actively promote the development of sustainable forms of mobility.

Challenges to small transport businesses : Members stated that transport businesses face considerable challenges in order to respond to the increasing demand for mobility within the constraints of limited infrastructure and increasing environmental requirements . Changing vehicle emission standards too frequently can prove particularly problematic for smaller transport companies as can the complex nature of the transport sector, which is characterised by multi-level governance still largely compartmentalised by mode of transport.

Furthermore, the sector is subject to heavy regulation , particularly regarding access to the profession, activities concerned and the development, use and marketing of transport services (exclusive rights, capping of the number of licenses).

While welcoming the new opportunities afforded by small transport businesses and new collaborative business models, Members deplored anti-competitive practices resulting from the uneven application of EU rules across Member States, in particular as regards pay and social security systems, which may lead to serious distortions such as social dumping, as well as security challenges.

The Commission and the Member States are called on to step up law enforcement . Members considered that any change to the legislation concerning social and working conditions must respect all EU fundamental freedoms, must not restrict fair competition based on objective competitive advantages, and must not create any further administrative burdens or additional costs for small transport businesses.

Recommendations: how to transform the challenges into opportunities : Members considered that fostering an integrated and coordinated European mobility system is the best way of properly integrating all companies offering all modes of transport into a common dynamic process.

The report called:

for efforts to be pursued with a view to completing the single European transport area : any legislation which imposes new requirements on small businesses, particularly tax-related, social and environmental measures, should be proportionate, simple and clear, not hampering their development and reflecting where necessary regional and national characteristics in different Member States; for the possibilities offered by the European Fund for Strategic Investments ( EFSI ) to be exploited in order to help SMEs in the transport sector develop new mobility solutions; for appropriate action to be taken to combat anti-competitive practices by large integrated groups in order to tackle discrimination and market access restrictions, regardless of size or type of enterprise, especially regarding new business models; improved dialogue , especially in new and potential markets, between carriers and ordering parties, as well as a solution to the problem of bogus self-employed persons; for the improvement of transparency, for the review and harmonisation of the rules on access to regulated occupations and activities in Europe and of checks on those occupations, so as to enable new operators and services linked to digital platforms and the collaborative economy to develop in a business-friendly environment; for the establishment of a modernised multimodal regulatory framework that fosters innovation and competitiveness as well as the protection of consumers and their data, safeguarding workers’ rights and ensuring a level playing field for different operators; on the Member States to assess the need to bring their national labour law up to date with the digital age , taking into account the features of collaborative economy models and each country’s individual labour laws; national authorities to be allowed to ask for the information they deem necessary from the intermediation platforms in order to facilitate compliance by all parties with their tax and social security obligations , as well as to guarantee that service providers using the platforms are competent and duly qualified (so as to ensure consumer protection); for the establishment of cooperation structures between small transport businesses, scientific research institutes and local and regional authorities, with a view to improving the organisation of sustainable urban and interurban mobility.

The Commission, in cooperation with national, regional and local authorities in the Member States, to:

develop cooperation and communication platforms in order to advise and train SMEs with regard to different funding schemes, grants and internationalisation; promote innovations in the sharing economy , which will themselves be facilitated by the emergence of collaborative business models, e.g. car sharing, bicycle sharing, shared cargo transport, shared taxis, car-pooling, and buses on demand, and the interconnection of these modes of transport with public transport; ensure that employment and social policies keep pace with the digitalisation of the transport labour market.

Members are of the opinion that legislative requirements should be proportionate to the nature of the business and size of the company. However, they raised concerns about whether there continue to be grounds for exempting light commercial vehicles (LCVs) from application of a number of European rules, given the increasing use of LCVs in the international transport of goods.

Documents
2016/10/11
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2016/09/29
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2016/06/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/05/04
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2016/01/21
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2016/01/21
   EP - Committee Opinion
2015/12/07
   EP - Responsible Committee

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0304/2016 - Dominique Riquet - § 6

2016/11/24 Outcome: +: 518, -: 73, 0: 15
DE FR IT ES RO AT BE SE HU BG PT HR EL FI NL LV IE CZ LT LU EE DK PL MT GB SI SK CY
Total
80
64
58
46
28
18
17
15
15
14
19
9
13
12
23
7
7
15
8
6
6
10
40
6
50
5
11
4
icon: PPE PPE
177

Finland PPE

2

Ireland PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
157

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Denmark S&D

Against (1)

3

Malta S&D

3
3

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
60

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Czechia ALDE

For (1)

4

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
42

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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1

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For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3
icon: ENF ENF
32

Romania ENF

1

Belgium ENF

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1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

1

United Kingdom ENF

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
29

Germany EFDD

1

France EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Poland EFDD

1
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40
3

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1
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13

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2

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3
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56

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1

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2

A8-0304/2016 - Dominique Riquet - § 7/2

2016/11/24 Outcome: +: 380, -: 216, 0: 15
FR IT ES BE PT DE AT GB DK EL MT NL IE FI EE RO LT SE CY LV HR BG LU SI SK CZ HU PL
Total
64
59
46
16
19
83
18
50
10
12
6
23
7
12
6
27
8
15
4
7
9
14
6
5
11
17
15
42
icon: S&D S&D
158

Malta S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
3

Czechia S&D

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Czechia ALDE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
42

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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2

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

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1

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2

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1

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For (1)

1

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2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

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1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
30

United Kingdom ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
29

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

For (1)

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2

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
14

France NI

For (1)

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2

Germany NI

For (1)

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2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

Abstain (2)

3

Hungary NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
57

Italy ECR

2

Belgium ECR

2

Denmark ECR

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2

Greece ECR

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1

Netherlands ECR

2

Finland ECR

2

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1

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1

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1

Czechia ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
181

Belgium PPE

4

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1

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1

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2

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3
4

A8-0304/2016 - Dominique Riquet - § 37

2016/11/24 Outcome: +: 454, -: 110, 0: 43
DE IT ES FR RO NL BG BE SE CZ FI HR AT EL DK LT LV IE EE SK PT SI MT CY HU LU GB PL
Total
81
56
45
65
28
22
14
17
15
17
12
10
18
12
10
8
7
7
6
11
19
5
5
4
14
6
51
42
icon: S&D S&D
156

Netherlands S&D

2

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
3

Malta S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
176

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

For (1)

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Romania ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Sweden ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
43

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

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For (1)

1

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2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
29

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

3

Poland NI

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1
icon: ECR ECR
57

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Finland ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
32

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

A8-0304/2016 - Dominique Riquet - Résolution

2016/11/24 Outcome: +: 497, -: 76, 0: 38
DE IT PL RO ES AT NL BE BG PT SE FI GB CZ HR HU SK LT LV LU EE DK MT IE SI EL CY FR
Total
81
58
42
28
46
18
23
17
14
19
14
12
51
17
10
14
11
8
7
6
6
10
6
7
5
12
4
65
icon: PPE PPE
180

Finland PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
158

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2
3

Lithuania S&D

1

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
3

Malta S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
60

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Sweden ALDE

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
42

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
58

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Belgium ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

1
2

Czechia ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

3

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
29

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2

France EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

3

Hungary NI

2

France NI

Against (1)

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
38

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
3
icon: ENF ENF
32

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
322 2015/2349(INI)
2016/06/16 TRAN 232 amendments...
source: 584.105
2016/06/28 EMPL 90 amendments...