BETA


2016/0062R(NLE) Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence: EU accession

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Joint Responsible Committee ['FEMM', 'LIBE'] KOKALARI Arba (icon: EPP EPP), KOHUT Łukasz (icon: S&D S&D) ARŁUKOWICZ Bartosz (icon: EPP EPP), PICIERNO Pina (icon: S&D S&D), RODRÍGUEZ RAMOS María Soraya (icon: Renew Renew), TOOM Yana (icon: Renew Renew), SPUREK Sylwia (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), ANDERSON Christine (icon: ID ID), FEST Nicolaus (icon: ID ID), DE LA PISA CARRIÓN Margarita (icon: ECR ECR), KANKO Assita (icon: ECR ECR), BJÖRK Malin (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), RODRÍGUEZ PALOP Eugenia (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion JURI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 105-p5, RoP 58

Events

2023/05/25
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2023/02/15
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2023/02/15
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 469 votes to 104, with 55 abstentions, a resolution on the proposal for a Council decision on the conclusion, by the European Union, of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.

One in three women in the EU, totalling around 62 million women, have experienced physical and/or sexual violence, while more than half of women (55%) in the EU have been sexually harassed at least once since the age of 15. Members considered that at this rate, the EU will take around 60 years to reach gender equality at the current pace; whereas the eradication of gender-based violence and especially violence against women and girls is a prerequisite to achieving real gender equality.

EU’s accession to the Istanbul Convention

Parliament welcomed the Commission's proposal on 4 March 2016 for the EU to accede to the Istanbul Convention, the most comprehensive legally binding instrument at international level on preventing and combating violence against women and gender-based violence, including domestic violence.

While welcoming the signing of the Istanbul Convention by the EU on 13 June 2017, Members regretted that, six years later, the EU has still not ratified the Convention due to the refusal of some Member States in the Council of the European Union. The Council is urged not to delay any longer the EU’s accession to the Istanbul Convention , which should be considered as the minimum standard to eradicate gender-based violence.

Right to safe and legal abortion

Strongly condemning all forms of gender-based violence against women and girls and LGBTIQ+ people, Parliament affirmed that the denial of sexual and reproductive health and rights services, including the right to safe and legal abortion options, is a form of violence against women and girls.

Members condemned the fact that in some Member States women's sexual and reproductive rights, in particular the right to safe and legal abortion, are constantly under threat. They welcomed the initiatives of some Member States, such as France, to enshrine the right to abortion in their constitutions and called for the right to a safe and legal abortion to be enshrined in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights .

Ensuring the proper implementation of the Convention

Parliament called on the Commission to ensure that the Convention is fully integrated into the legislative and policy framework of the EU and asked all Member States to ensure that measures arising from the Convention are fully implemented in their national laws and policies. It condemned attempts by some Member States to revoke measures already taken to implement the Istanbul Convention and to combat violence against women and domestic violence.

The Commission and the Member States are called on to refer to the Istanbul Convention’s definition on violence against women in their relevant legislation accordingly.

Concrete implementation proposals

Parliament called on the Commission and the Member States are asked to:

- refer to the Istanbul Convention’s definition on violence against women in their relevant legislation;

- appropriately address, through legislative and non-legislative means , issues such as custody and visitation rights to children, civil consequences of forced marriages, stalking, denial of rights and access to reproductive health care, and to protect victims;

- implement preventive measures , including enhanced primary prevention of gender-based violence in schools, as well as an approach to victim support services and protection measures for survivors such as financial assistance, psychological support, helplines, shelters and access to social housing, and ‘safe leave’, as well as measures helping victims to continue living in their homes safely, such as restraining orders for perpetrators and specialist support for children;

- conduct information campaigns on the Istanbul Convention and ensure the development of appropriate gender-sensitive training, procedures and guidelines, as well as specific victim-oriented support and protection measures for all relevant professionals, including law enforcement, judiciary and prosecutors.

Disinformation

Members condemned the growing opposition to the Istanbul Convention in some Member States and the attempts to disparage the Convention and its positive impact on the eradication of gender-based violence. While condemning all disinformation campaigns about the Istanbul Convention, Parliament called on national authorities to fight against disinformation and launch awareness campaigns to dispel all doubts about the Convention and its benefits for society as a whole.

Urgent conclusion of the Convention

Parliament stressed that there is no legal obstacles to the Council’s proceeding to ratify the Convention, as a qualified majority is sufficient for its adoption. Members called on the Council to urgently conclude the EU ratification of the Istanbul Convention on the basis of a broad accession without any limitations, and to advocate its ratification by all Member States. The remaining six Member States that have not yet done so - Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic - are called upon to ratify the Convention without delay.

Members called on the Commission to draw up a holistic EU strategy on combating violence against women and gender-based violence that includes a comprehensive plan to prevent and combat all forms of gender inequalities, integrating all EU efforts to eradicate violence against women.

The Council is invited to activate the passerelle clause by adopting a unanimous decision identifying gender-based violence as one of the areas of crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU.

Documents
2023/02/14
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2023/02/02
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs and the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality adopted the interim report by Łukasz KOHUT (S&D, PL) and Arba KOKALARI (EPP, SE) on the proposal for a Council decision on the conclusion, by the European Union, of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.

One in three women in the EU, totalling around 62 million women, have experienced physical and/or sexual violence, while more than half of women (55%) in the EU have been sexually harassed at least once since the age of 15.

Members welcomed the Commission's proposal on 4 March 2016 for the EU to accede to the Istanbul Convention , the most comprehensive legally binding instrument at international level on preventing and combating violence against women and gender-based violence, including domestic violence.

While welcoming the signing of the Istanbul Convention by the EU on 13 June 2017, Members regretted that, six years later, the EU has still not ratified the Convention due to the refusal of some Member States in the Council of the European Union. The Council is urged not to delay any longer the EU’s accession to the Istanbul Convention, which should be considered as the minimum standard to eradicate gender-based violence .

The report strongly condemned all forms of gender-based violence against women and girls and LGBTIQ+ people and called on the Commission to ensure that the Convention is fully integrated into the EU legislative and policy framework .

The Commission and the Member States are asked to:

- refer to the Istanbul Convention’s definition on violence against women in their relevant legislation;

- appropriately address, through legislative and non-legislative means , issues such as custody and visitation rights to children, civil consequences of forced marriages, stalking, denial of rights and access to reproductive health care, and to protect victims;

- carry out information campaigns on the Istanbul Convention and its provisions, as well as programmes to facilitate the implementation of the Convention's provisions;

- ensure the development of gender-sensitive training , procedures and guidelines, as well as specific victim-centred support and protection measures for all relevant professionals, including law enforcement, judiciary and prosecutors.

The report stressed the responsibility of Member States to combat impunity in cases of violence against women and other forms of gender-based violence, including domestic violence, and to preserve the dissuasive function of penalties and prosecutions. It acknowledged the extensive work of the GREVIO (body of independent experts) in monitoring the implementation of the Convention and called on all parties to follow the recommendations addressed to each country.

Given the important role played by the Istanbul Convention during the COVID-19 pandemic, Members called for an EU protocol on violence against women in times of crisis and emergency.

Members strongly condemned the political instrumentalisation of the Convention by some Member States and attempts to disparage the Convention and its positive impact on the eradication of gender-based violence. Member States are invited to speed up the negotiations related to the ratification and implementation of the Istanbul Convention and to strongly condemn all attempt to reverse measures already taken under the Istanbul Convention to combat violence against women. Parliament should be fully involved in the Convention’s monitoring process after the accession of the Union to the Convention.

The report also condemns Poland’s attempt to denounce the Istanbul Convention. It called on national authorities to fight against disinformation and launch awareness campaigns to dispel all doubts about the Convention and its benefits for society as a whole. The six remaining Member States that have not yet done so - Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic - are called upon to ratify the convention without delay. Members reiterated their call on the Council to urgently conclude the ratification of the Istanbul Convention by the EU, on the basis of broad accession and without any limitations, and to encourage all Member States to ratify it.

Members called on the Commission to draw up a holistic EU strategy on combating violence against women and gender-based violence that includes a comprehensive plan to prevent and combat all forms of gender inequalities, integrating all EU efforts to eradicate violence against women.

The Council is invited to activate the passerelle clause by adopting a unanimous decision identifying gender-based violence as one of the areas of crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU.

Documents
2023/01/25
   EP - Vote in committee
2022/12/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/11/16
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2022/03/16
   EP - KOKALARI Arba (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ['FEMM', 'LIBE']
2022/03/16
   EP - KOHUT Łukasz (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ['FEMM', 'LIBE']
2022/02/17
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2022/02/17
   EP - Referral to joint committee announced in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

Convention du Conseil de l'Europe sur la prévention et la lutte contre la violence à l'égard des femmes et la violence domestique: adhésion de l'UE - Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence: EU accession - Übereinkommen des Europarats zur Verhütung und Bekämpfung von Gewalt gegen Frauen und häuslicher Gewalt: Beitritt der EU - A9-0021/2023 - Łukasz Kohut, Arba Kokalari - Après le § 1 - Am 4 #

2023/02/15 Outcome: -: 463, +: 151, 0: 14
CZ HU PL HR IT MT SK LV CY EE LT SI BG LU BE FI IE EL DK NL AT SE PT RO FR ES DE
Total
17
14
50
12
66
4
13
6
6
7
8
8
11
6
17
14
12
14
14
24
19
20
19
28
75
55
89
icon: ID ID
58

Czechia ID

2

Estonia ID

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1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

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1
3
icon: ECR ECR
57

Croatia ECR

1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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3

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1
icon: NI NI
30

Slovakia NI

2

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1

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1

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1

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2
icon: The Left The Left
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3

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1
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3

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1

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1

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1

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3

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3

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3

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3

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1

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4
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94

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A9-0021/2023 - Łukasz Kohut, Arba Kokalari - § 3/1 #

2023/02/15 Outcome: +: 558, 0: 51, -: 21
DE FR IT ES RO NL PL PT SE EL CZ BE FI DK AT IE BG SI HR EE HU LV CY LU LT SK MT
Total
89
73
66
56
28
23
49
19
20
16
17
16
14
14
19
12
13
8
12
7
15
7
6
6
8
13
4
icon: PPE PPE
161

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

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1

Cyprus PPE

2

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2

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3

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4

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1
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132

Greece S&D

1

Belgium S&D

1

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2

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2

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icon: Renew Renew
93

Poland Renew

1
3

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1

Finland Renew

3

Austria Renew

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1

Ireland Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

2

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3

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1
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67

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3

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1

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A9-0021/2023 - Łukasz Kohut, Arba Kokalari - § 3/2 #

2023/02/15 Outcome: +: 489, 0: 79, -: 62
DE ES FR IT RO PL PT SE BE NL EL CZ IE DK BG FI SI AT CY LU LT SK LV EE MT HR HU
Total
90
55
73
66
28
50
19
20
17
23
16
17
12
14
13
14
8
19
6
6
8
13
5
7
4
12
15
icon: PPE PPE
160

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

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2

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3

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4

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1

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1

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4
icon: S&D S&D
129

Belgium S&D

1

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1

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2

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2

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1

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icon: Renew Renew
94

Poland Renew

1
3

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1

Ireland Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

2

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3

Slovenia Renew

2

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1

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2

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1

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3

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32

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32

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3

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1

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58

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A9-0021/2023 - Łukasz Kohut, Arba Kokalari - § 4 - Am 1/1 #

2023/02/15 Outcome: +: 421, -: 123, 0: 87
FR DE IT ES RO SE NL EL PT IE DK BE CZ FI BG LV CY LU EE SI HR SK LT AT HU MT PL
Total
74
89
64
56
28
20
24
17
19
12
14
17
17
14
13
6
6
6
7
8
12
13
8
19
15
4
49
icon: S&D S&D
129

Greece S&D

1

Belgium S&D

1

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1

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2

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2

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2

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2

Malta S&D

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3
icon: Renew Renew
94
3

Greece Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Italy Verts/ALE

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icon: The Left The Left
34

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3

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1

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icon: PPE PPE
161

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4

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1

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2

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2

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1

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4

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4

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4

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3

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1
icon: NI NI
32

France NI

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3

Germany NI

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2

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1

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1

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2

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1
icon: ID ID
58

Denmark ID

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1

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2

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2

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1

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3
icon: ECR ECR
56

Germany ECR

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1

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4

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A9-0021/2023 - Łukasz Kohut, Arba Kokalari - § 4 - Am 1/2 #

2023/02/15 Outcome: +: 404, -: 171, 0: 49
FR DE ES RO SE EL PT NL IE BE FI BG DK LV LU CY EE CZ HR SI LT SK AT IT MT HU PL
Total
74
84
55
28
20
16
18
24
12
17
14
13
14
6
6
5
7
17
12
8
8
13
19
65
4
15
50
icon: S&D S&D
130

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1

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1

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1

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2

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2

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2

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3

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3
icon: Renew Renew
94
3

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1

Ireland Renew

2

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3

Bulgaria Renew

2

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1

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2

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3

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1

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2

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
66

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

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1

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3

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2

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3

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3

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2

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1

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3

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3

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2

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1
icon: The Left The Left
34

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Ireland The Left

3

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1
icon: PPE PPE
154

Netherlands PPE

Against (1)

4

Denmark PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia PPE

Against (1)

3

Croatia PPE

For (1)

Against (1)

4

Slovenia PPE

Against (1)

4

Lithuania PPE

3

Slovakia PPE

4

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
32

France NI

3

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Latvia NI

1

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2
icon: ECR ECR
57

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

3

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

4

Belgium ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
57

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Austria ID

3

A9-0021/2023 - Łukasz Kohut, Arba Kokalari - § 4 - Am 1/3 #

2023/02/15 Outcome: +: 386, -: 188, 0: 53
FR ES DE SE EL RO PT NL IE BE FI BG DK LV CY LU EE SI SK LT CZ HR AT HU MT PL IT
Total
74
56
85
20
17
28
19
24
12
17
14
13
14
6
6
6
7
8
13
8
17
12
19
15
4
49
64
icon: S&D S&D
130

Greece S&D

1

Belgium S&D

1

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Malta S&D

For (1)

3
icon: Renew Renew
94
3

Greece Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Poland Renew

1

Italy Renew

For (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2
icon: The Left The Left
34

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Ireland The Left

3

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1
icon: PPE PPE
156

Netherlands PPE

Against (1)

4

Denmark PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

4

Slovakia PPE

4

Lithuania PPE

3

Czechia PPE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia PPE

4

Malta PPE

Against (1)