BETA


2016/0370(CNS) Value added tax (VAT): certain obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ECON IVAN Cătălin Sorin (icon: S&D S&D) LANGEN Werner (icon: PPE PPE), LUCKE Bernd (icon: ECR ECR), NAGTEGAAL Caroline (icon: ALDE ALDE), SCOTT CATO Molly (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KAPPEL Barbara (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Opinion JURI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 113

Events

2020/02/07
   EC - For information
2018/01/10
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2017/12/29
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: facilitate the collection of VAT when consumers purchase goods and services online.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Directive (EU) 2017/2455 amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods.

CONTENT: this Directive aims to amend Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods.

The new rules are part of the EU's 'digital single market' strategy , and are aimed at making it easier for online businesses to comply with VAT obligations.

The Directive provides for:

the introduction, from 1 January 2019 , of simplification measures for intra-EU sales of electronic services; the extension, from 1 January 2021, of the current EU one-stop shop to distance sales of goods, both intra-EU and from third countries, as well as the elimination of the VAT exemption for small consignments (worth less than EUR 22); a new portal will be established for distance sales from third countries for sums of less than EUR 150.

The Directive makes online platforms liable for collecting VAT on the distance sales that they facilitate.

VAT will be paid in the Member State of the consumer. However, in cases below EUR 10 000 of cross-border online sales per year, a company may continue to apply the VAT rules of its country of origin.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 18.1.2018.

TRANSPOSITION: by 31.12.2018 and 31.12.2020 depending on the relevant provisions.

APPLICATION: from 1.1.2019 and from 1.1.2021 depending on the provisions.

2017/12/05
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
2017/12/05
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2017/12/05
   CSL - Council Meeting
2017/11/30
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2017/11/30
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 540 votes to 30, with 68 abstentions, in line with a special legislative procedure (Parliament’s consultation), a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods.

Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments:

Need for a definitive system : Parliament introduced a recital urging the adoption of a definitive VAT regime based on the destination principle, recalling in this respect that the VAT gap in the EU was approximately EUR 152 billion in 2015, while cross-border fraud accounted for a loss of VAT revenue of approximately EUR 50 billion a year. It also stressed the need for additional measures to effectively combat VAT fraud in the Union.

Mini-One-Stop-Shop (MOSS): Member States should further promote the mini-one-stop shop to a wider range of SMEs as 99% of VAT revenue processed through the mini-one-stop shop is reported by only 13% of registered companies.

Online platforms : the Commission's proposal provides for online platforms to be held responsible for the collection of VAT in supplies of services. Members, however, proposed that these platforms should also be held liable for the collection of VAT when they act as intermediaries in supplies of goods imported from third countries where the intrinsic value of the items does not exceed EUR 150 and they have an annual turnover exceeding EUR 1 million.

Place of supply of services : the proposal provides that the place of supply of telecommunications, broadcasting and television services and services provided by electronic means to a non-taxable person shall be the place where that person is established.

Members pointed out that this provision should not apply where the total value, exclusive of VAT, of such supplies does not in the current calendar year exceed EUR 35 000 (EUR 10 000 according to the Commission proposal) and did not exceed this threshold in the previous calendar year.

Record keeping : one amendment proposed that the records shall be kept for a period of five years from the end of the calendar year during which the transaction was carried out.

Implementation period : the Commission and Member States have a legal obligation to allow business to register to the new one-stop-shop by 31 December 2020. Members, however, considered that business should be given 3 additional months until 1 April 2021 (instead of 1 January 2021), to adapt their own IT systems to connect it to the new one-stop shop.

Impact on postal services : Member States and the Commission should pay particular attention to the impact on the postal services sector as the amending Directive could lead to an increase in administrative costs for small consignments.

Documents
2017/11/07
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2017/11/07
   CSL - Council Meeting
2017/10/16
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted, following a special legislative procedure (Parliament’s consultation), the report by Cătălin Sorin IVAN (S&D, RO) on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods.

The committee called on Parliament to approve the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments:

Need for a definitive system : Members introduced a recital urging the adoption of a definitive VAT regime based on the destination principle, recalling in this respect that the VAT gap in the EU was approximately EUR 152 billion in 2015, while cross-border fraud accounted for a loss of VAT revenue of approximately EUR 50 billion a year.

The amended text recalled that the Commission's proposal is only a building block for closing the VAT gap and that further measures are needed to effectively combat VAT fraud in the Union.

Online platforms : the Commission's proposal provides for online platforms to be held responsible for the collection of VAT in supplies of services. Members, however, proposed that these platforms should also be held liable for the collection of VAT when they act as intermediaries in supplies of goods imported from third countries where the intrinsic value of the items does not exceed EUR 150 and they have an annual turnover exceeding EUR 1 million.

Place of supply of services : the proposal provides that the place of supply of telecommunications, broadcasting and television services and services provided by electronic means to a non-taxable person shall be the place where that person is established.

Members pointed out that this provision should not apply where the total value, exclusive of VAT, of such supplies does not in the current calendar year exceed EUR 35 000 (EUR 10 000 according to the Commission proposal) and did not exceed this threshold in the previous calendar year.

Record keeping : one amendment proposed that the records shall be kept for a period of five years from the end of the calendar year during which the transaction was carried out.

Implementation period : the Commission and Member States have a legal obligation to allow business to register to the new one-stop-shop by 31 December 2020. Members, however, considered that business should be given 3 additional months until 1 April 2021 (instead of 1 January 2021), to adapt their own IT systems to connect it to the new one-stop shop.

Impact on postal services : Member States and the Commission should pay particular attention to the impact on the postal services sector as the amending Directive could lead to an increase in administrative costs for small consignments.

Documents
2017/10/10
   EP - Vote in committee
2017/07/13
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2017/05/23
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2017/02/21
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2017/02/06
   BE_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2017/01/30
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2017/01/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2016/12/15
   EP - IVAN Cătălin Sorin (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2016/12/01
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2016/12/01
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2016/12/01
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to modernise the VAT rules in the context of cross-border business to consumer (B2C) e-commerce.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consultation with the European Parliament but without needing to follow the latter’s opinion.

BACKGROUND: In its communication of May 2015 entitled ‘ Strategy for Digital Single Market for Europe ' and its communication of April 2016 on an action plan on VAT entitled 'Towards a single EU VAT area’ , the Commission placed a high priority to overcoming barriers to cross-border e-commerce arising from onerous VAT obligations as well as an inherent lack of neutrality which harms EU business.

It feels that there are three reasons to take action:

it has been estimated that the costs of complying with VAT obligations are on average EUR 8 000 annually for each Member State to which a business supplies. This is a significant cost for business, in particular SMEs; the current system is not neutral as EU businesses are at a clear disadvantage to non-EU businesses which can legitimately and through high levels of noncompliance make VAT-free supplies into the EU; the complexity of the existing system as well as the current exemption for the importation of small consignments means that Member States lose valuable tax revenues. It is estimated that between VAT foregone and non-compliance from cross-border e-commerce such losses are currently as high as EUR 5 billion annually.

In preparing this proposal the Commission carried out a regulatory fitness check of the existing Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS), which applies to B2C supplies of electronic services as well as the 2015 changes to the place of supply rules for such services.

The proposal takes due account of this assessment. In particular, the proposal will address shortcomings and barriers faced by SMEs and micro-businesses.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment on the proposal was examined in June 2016 by the Regulatory Scrutiny Board. The Board gave a positive opinion to the proposal with some recommendations that have been taken on board.

CONTENT: the proposal aims to amend Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods. The main provisions in the proposal are as follows:

extension of MOSS from 1 January 2021 to intra-Community distance sales of tangible goods and services other than electronic services as well as to distance sales of goods from third countries; the introduction of a simplified arrangements for global declaration and payment of import VAT for importers of goods destined for final consumer where VAT has not been paid through the MOSS system; it is proposed that VAT will be collected from customers on importation and a simple monthly declaration to customs will be transmitted by the transporter; the removal of the existing intra-Community distance sales thresholds which are a cause of distortions in the single market; the removal of the existing VAT exemption for the importation of small consignments (total value between EUR 10 and EUR 22) from suppliers in third countries which disadvantages EU sellers; the introduction of a new annual threshold of EUR 10 000 below which the place of supply of services that may be covered by the intra-Community special scheme for electronic services remains in the Member State of the supplier; and the introduction of an annual threshold of EUR 100 000 below which simplified rules will apply to determine the place of establishment; these thresholds may be applied from 2018 to ecommerce and 2021 at the latest for distance sales; allowing for EU sellers to apply home country rules in areas such as invoicing and record keeping; and greater coordination between Member States when auditing of cross-border businesses who use the VAT system to ensure high compliance rates.

In quantitative terms, the introduction of an intra-EU cross-border threshold in 2018 will take 6 500 businesses out of the current MOSS system leading to a potential cost saving for these businesses of EUR 13 million. The introduction in 2018 of simplified evidence requirements will benefit an additional 1 000 businesses. The threshold which will also apply to goods when the MOSS is extended in 2021 will benefit 430 000 businesses with potential savings to these businesses of up to EUR 860 million.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the proposal is expected to increase VAT revenues for Member States by EUR 7 billion per year . It is estimated that the proposal will reduce administration burdens for business by EUR 2.3 billion annually .

Documents

Votes

A8-0307/2017 - Cătălin Sorin Ivan - Proposition de la Commission 30/11/2017 12:00:03.000 #

2017/11/30 Outcome: +: 540, 0: 68, -: 30
DE FR IT PL ES GB RO SE BE CZ NL HU BG FI SK PT AT LT HR EL LV IE LU SI EE DK MT CY
Total
77
66
64
48
48
62
24
19
19
21
23
16
12
12
12
13
12
9
9
18
7
8
6
6
5
12
5
3
icon: PPE PPE
190

Lithuania PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Slovenia PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
162

Netherlands S&D

3

Hungary S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

2

Croatia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: ECR ECR
58

Italy ECR

1

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Finland ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Austria ENF

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Italy GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
15

Germany NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (2)

3
3
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

France EFDD

3

Poland EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
39 2016/0370(CNS)
2017/07/13 ECON 39 amendments...
source: 606.187

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 2017-07-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE606.187 title: PE606.187 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-01-10T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=30301&j=0&l=en title: SP(2018)8 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2017-02-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2016)0757 title: COM(2016)0757 type: Contribution body: BE_CHAMBER
  • date: 2017-01-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2016)0757 title: COM(2016)0757 type: Contribution body: PT_PARLIAMENT
  • date: 2017-02-21T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2016)0757 title: COM(2016)0757 type: Contribution body: DE_BUNDESRAT
events
  • date: 2016-12-01T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2016/0757/COM_COM(2016)0757_EN.pdf title: COM(2016)0757 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2016&nu_doc=0757 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to modernise the VAT rules in the context of cross-border business to consumer (B2C) e-commerce. PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consultation with the European Parliament but without needing to follow the latter’s opinion. BACKGROUND: In its communication of May 2015 entitled ‘ Strategy for Digital Single Market for Europe ' and its communication of April 2016 on an action plan on VAT entitled 'Towards a single EU VAT area’ , the Commission placed a high priority to overcoming barriers to cross-border e-commerce arising from onerous VAT obligations as well as an inherent lack of neutrality which harms EU business. It feels that there are three reasons to take action: it has been estimated that the costs of complying with VAT obligations are on average EUR 8 000 annually for each Member State to which a business supplies. This is a significant cost for business, in particular SMEs; the current system is not neutral as EU businesses are at a clear disadvantage to non-EU businesses which can legitimately and through high levels of noncompliance make VAT-free supplies into the EU; the complexity of the existing system as well as the current exemption for the importation of small consignments means that Member States lose valuable tax revenues. It is estimated that between VAT foregone and non-compliance from cross-border e-commerce such losses are currently as high as EUR 5 billion annually. In preparing this proposal the Commission carried out a regulatory fitness check of the existing Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS), which applies to B2C supplies of electronic services as well as the 2015 changes to the place of supply rules for such services. The proposal takes due account of this assessment. In particular, the proposal will address shortcomings and barriers faced by SMEs and micro-businesses. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment on the proposal was examined in June 2016 by the Regulatory Scrutiny Board. The Board gave a positive opinion to the proposal with some recommendations that have been taken on board. CONTENT: the proposal aims to amend Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods. The main provisions in the proposal are as follows: extension of MOSS from 1 January 2021 to intra-Community distance sales of tangible goods and services other than electronic services as well as to distance sales of goods from third countries; the introduction of a simplified arrangements for global declaration and payment of import VAT for importers of goods destined for final consumer where VAT has not been paid through the MOSS system; it is proposed that VAT will be collected from customers on importation and a simple monthly declaration to customs will be transmitted by the transporter; the removal of the existing intra-Community distance sales thresholds which are a cause of distortions in the single market; the removal of the existing VAT exemption for the importation of small consignments (total value between EUR 10 and EUR 22) from suppliers in third countries which disadvantages EU sellers; the introduction of a new annual threshold of EUR 10 000 below which the place of supply of services that may be covered by the intra-Community special scheme for electronic services remains in the Member State of the supplier; and the introduction of an annual threshold of EUR 100 000 below which simplified rules will apply to determine the place of establishment; these thresholds may be applied from 2018 to ecommerce and 2021 at the latest for distance sales; allowing for EU sellers to apply home country rules in areas such as invoicing and record keeping; and greater coordination between Member States when auditing of cross-border businesses who use the VAT system to ensure high compliance rates. In quantitative terms, the introduction of an intra-EU cross-border threshold in 2018 will take 6 500 businesses out of the current MOSS system leading to a potential cost saving for these businesses of EUR 13 million. The introduction in 2018 of simplified evidence requirements will benefit an additional 1 000 businesses. The threshold which will also apply to goods when the MOSS is extended in 2021 will benefit 430 000 businesses with potential savings to these businesses of up to EUR 860 million. BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the proposal is expected to increase VAT revenues for Member States by EUR 7 billion per year . It is estimated that the proposal will reduce administration burdens for business by EUR 2.3 billion annually .
  • date: 2017-01-16T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2017-10-10T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2017-10-16T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2017-0307&language=EN title: A8-0307/2017 summary: The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted, following a special legislative procedure (Parliament’s consultation), the report by Cătălin Sorin IVAN (S&D, RO) on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods. The committee called on Parliament to approve the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments: Need for a definitive system : Members introduced a recital urging the adoption of a definitive VAT regime based on the destination principle, recalling in this respect that the VAT gap in the EU was approximately EUR 152 billion in 2015, while cross-border fraud accounted for a loss of VAT revenue of approximately EUR 50 billion a year. The amended text recalled that the Commission's proposal is only a building block for closing the VAT gap and that further measures are needed to effectively combat VAT fraud in the Union. Online platforms : the Commission's proposal provides for online platforms to be held responsible for the collection of VAT in supplies of services. Members, however, proposed that these platforms should also be held liable for the collection of VAT when they act as intermediaries in supplies of goods imported from third countries where the intrinsic value of the items does not exceed EUR 150 and they have an annual turnover exceeding EUR 1 million. Place of supply of services : the proposal provides that the place of supply of telecommunications, broadcasting and television services and services provided by electronic means to a non-taxable person shall be the place where that person is established. Members pointed out that this provision should not apply where the total value, exclusive of VAT, of such supplies does not in the current calendar year exceed EUR 35 000 (EUR 10 000 according to the Commission proposal) and did not exceed this threshold in the previous calendar year. Record keeping : one amendment proposed that the records shall be kept for a period of five years from the end of the calendar year during which the transaction was carried out. Implementation period : the Commission and Member States have a legal obligation to allow business to register to the new one-stop-shop by 31 December 2020. Members, however, considered that business should be given 3 additional months until 1 April 2021 (instead of 1 January 2021), to adapt their own IT systems to connect it to the new one-stop shop. Impact on postal services : Member States and the Commission should pay particular attention to the impact on the postal services sector as the amending Directive could lead to an increase in administrative costs for small consignments.
  • date: 2017-11-07T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3572*&MEET_DATE=07/11/2017 title: 3572
  • date: 2017-11-30T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=30301&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2017-11-30T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0471 title: T8-0471/2017 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 540 votes to 30, with 68 abstentions, in line with a special legislative procedure (Parliament’s consultation), a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods. Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments: Need for a definitive system : Parliament introduced a recital urging the adoption of a definitive VAT regime based on the destination principle, recalling in this respect that the VAT gap in the EU was approximately EUR 152 billion in 2015, while cross-border fraud accounted for a loss of VAT revenue of approximately EUR 50 billion a year. It also stressed the need for additional measures to effectively combat VAT fraud in the Union. Mini-One-Stop-Shop (MOSS): Member States should further promote the mini-one-stop shop to a wider range of SMEs as 99% of VAT revenue processed through the mini-one-stop shop is reported by only 13% of registered companies. Online platforms : the Commission's proposal provides for online platforms to be held responsible for the collection of VAT in supplies of services. Members, however, proposed that these platforms should also be held liable for the collection of VAT when they act as intermediaries in supplies of goods imported from third countries where the intrinsic value of the items does not exceed EUR 150 and they have an annual turnover exceeding EUR 1 million. Place of supply of services : the proposal provides that the place of supply of telecommunications, broadcasting and television services and services provided by electronic means to a non-taxable person shall be the place where that person is established. Members pointed out that this provision should not apply where the total value, exclusive of VAT, of such supplies does not in the current calendar year exceed EUR 35 000 (EUR 10 000 according to the Commission proposal) and did not exceed this threshold in the previous calendar year. Record keeping : one amendment proposed that the records shall be kept for a period of five years from the end of the calendar year during which the transaction was carried out. Implementation period : the Commission and Member States have a legal obligation to allow business to register to the new one-stop-shop by 31 December 2020. Members, however, considered that business should be given 3 additional months until 1 April 2021 (instead of 1 January 2021), to adapt their own IT systems to connect it to the new one-stop shop. Impact on postal services : Member States and the Commission should pay particular attention to the impact on the postal services sector as the amending Directive could lead to an increase in administrative costs for small consignments.
  • date: 2017-12-05T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2017-12-05T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2017-12-29T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: facilitate the collection of VAT when consumers purchase goods and services online. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Directive (EU) 2017/2455 amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods. CONTENT: this Directive aims to amend Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods. The new rules are part of the EU's 'digital single market' strategy , and are aimed at making it easier for online businesses to comply with VAT obligations. The Directive provides for: the introduction, from 1 January 2019 , of simplification measures for intra-EU sales of electronic services; the extension, from 1 January 2021, of the current EU one-stop shop to distance sales of goods, both intra-EU and from third countries, as well as the elimination of the VAT exemption for small consignments (worth less than EUR 22); a new portal will be established for distance sales from third countries for sums of less than EUR 150. The Directive makes online platforms liable for collecting VAT on the distance sales that they facilitate. VAT will be paid in the Member State of the consumer. However, in cases below EUR 10 000 of cross-border online sales per year, a company may continue to apply the VAT rules of its country of origin. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 18.1.2018. TRANSPOSITION: by 31.12.2018 and 31.12.2020 depending on the relevant provisions. APPLICATION: from 1.1.2019 and from 1.1.2021 depending on the provisions. docs: title: Directive 2017/2455 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32017L2455 title: OJ L 348 29.12.2017, p. 0007 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2017:348:TOC title: Corrigendum to final act 32017L2455R(05) url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&model=guicheti&numdoc=32017L2455R(05) title: OJ L 225 06.09.2018, p. 0001 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2018:225:TOC
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  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
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PURPOSE: facilitate the collection of VAT when consumers purchase goods and services online.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Directive (EU) 2017/2455 amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods.

CONTENT: this Directive aims to amend Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods.

The new rules are part of the EU's 'digital single market' strategy, and are aimed at making it easier for online businesses to comply with VAT obligations.

The Directive provides for:

  • the introduction, from 1 January 2019, of simplification measures for intra-EU sales of electronic services;
  • the extension, from 1 January 2021, of the current EU one-stop shop to distance sales of goods, both intra-EU and from third countries, as well as the elimination of the VAT exemption for small consignments (worth less than EUR 22); a new portal will be established for distance sales from third countries for sums of less than EUR 150.

The Directive makes online platforms liable for collecting VAT on the distance sales that they facilitate.

VAT will be paid in the Member State of the consumer. However, in cases below EUR 10 000 of cross-border online sales per year, a company may continue to apply the VAT rules of its country of origin.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 18.1.2018.

TRANSPOSITION: by 31.12.2018 and 31.12.2020 depending on the relevant provisions.

APPLICATION: from 1.1.2019 and from 1.1.2021 depending on the provisions.

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  • The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted, following a special legislative procedure (Parliament’s consultation), the report by Cătălin Sorin IVAN (S&D, RO) on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods.

    The committee called on Parliament to approve the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments:

    Need for a definitive system: Members introduced a recital urging the adoption of a definitive VAT regime based on the destination principle, recalling in this respect that the VAT gap in the EU was approximately EUR 152 billion in 2015, while cross-border fraud accounted for a loss of VAT revenue of approximately EUR 50 billion a year.

    The amended text recalled that the Commission's proposal is only a building block for closing the VAT gap and that further measures are needed to effectively combat VAT fraud in the Union.

    Online platforms: the Commission's proposal provides for online platforms to be held responsible for the collection of VAT in supplies of services. Members, however, proposed that these platforms should also be held liable for the collection of VAT when they act as intermediaries in supplies of goods imported from third countries where the intrinsic value of the items does not exceed EUR 150 and they have an annual turnover exceeding EUR 1 million.

    Place of supply of services: the proposal provides that the place of supply of telecommunications, broadcasting and television services and services provided by electronic means to a non-taxable person shall be the place where that person is established.

    Members pointed out that this provision should not apply where the total value, exclusive of VAT, of such supplies does not in the current calendar year exceed EUR 35 000 (EUR 10 000 according to the Commission proposal) and did not exceed this threshold in the previous calendar year.

    Record keeping: one amendment proposed that the records shall be kept for a period of five years from the end of the calendar year during which the transaction was carried out.

    Implementation period: the Commission and Member States have a legal obligation to allow business to register to the new one-stop-shop by 31 December 2020. Members, however, considered that business should be given 3 additional months until 1 April 2021 (instead of 1 January 2021), to adapt their own IT systems to connect it to the new one-stop shop.

    Impact on postal services: Member States and the Commission should pay particular attention to the impact on the postal services sector as the amending Directive could lead to an increase in administrative costs for small consignments.

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  • PURPOSE: to modernise the VAT rules in the context of cross-border business to consumer (B2C) e-commerce.

    PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consultation with the European Parliament but without needing to follow the latter’s opinion.

    BACKGROUND: In its communication of May 2015 entitled ‘Strategy for Digital Single Market for Europe' and its communication of April 2016 on an action plan on VAT entitled 'Towards a single EU VAT area’, the Commission placed a high priority to overcoming barriers to cross-border e-commerce arising from onerous VAT obligations as well as an inherent lack of neutrality which harms EU business.

    It feels that there are three reasons to take action:

    • it has been estimated that the costs of complying with VAT obligations are on average EUR 8 000 annually for each Member State to which a business supplies. This is a significant cost for business, in particular SMEs;
    • the current system is not neutral as EU businesses are at a clear disadvantage to non-EU businesses which can legitimately and through high levels of noncompliance make VAT-free supplies into the EU;
    • the complexity of the existing system as well as the current exemption for the importation of small consignments means that Member States lose valuable tax revenues. It is estimated that between VAT foregone and non-compliance from cross-border e-commerce such losses are currently as high as EUR 5 billion annually.

    In preparing this proposal the Commission carried out a regulatory fitness check of the existing Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS), which applies to B2C supplies of electronic services as well as the 2015 changes to the place of supply rules for such services.

    The proposal takes due account of this assessment. In particular, the proposal will address shortcomings and barriers faced by SMEs and micro-businesses.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment on the proposal was examined in June 2016 by the Regulatory Scrutiny Board. The Board gave a positive opinion to the proposal with some recommendations that have been taken on board.

    CONTENT: the proposal aims to amend Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods. The main provisions in the proposal are as follows:

    • extension of MOSS from 1 January 2021 to intra-Community distance sales of tangible goods and services other than electronic services as well as to distance sales of goods from third countries;
    • the introduction of a simplified arrangements for global declaration and payment of import VAT for importers of goods destined for final consumer where VAT has not been paid through the MOSS system; it is proposed that VAT will be collected from customers on importation and a simple monthly declaration to customs will be transmitted by the transporter;
    • the removal of the existing intra-Community distance sales thresholds which are a cause of distortions in the single market;
    • the removal of the existing VAT exemption for the importation of small consignments (total value between EUR 10 and EUR 22) from suppliers in third countries which disadvantages EU sellers;
    • the introduction of a new annual threshold of EUR 10 000 below which the place of supply of services that may be covered by the intra-Community special scheme for electronic services remains in the Member State of the supplier; and the introduction of an annual threshold of EUR 100 000 below which simplified rules will apply to determine the place of establishment; these thresholds may be applied from 2018 to ecommerce and 2021 at the latest for distance sales;
    • allowing for EU sellers to apply home country rules in areas such as invoicing and record keeping; and
    • greater coordination between Member States when auditing of cross-border businesses who use the VAT system to ensure high compliance rates.

    In quantitative terms, the introduction of an intra-EU cross-border threshold in 2018 will take 6 500 businesses out of the current MOSS system leading to a potential cost saving for these businesses of EUR 13 million. The introduction in 2018 of simplified evidence requirements will benefit an additional 1 000 businesses. The threshold which will also apply to goods when the MOSS is extended in 2021 will benefit 430 000 businesses with potential savings to these businesses of up to EUR 860 million.

    BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the proposal is expected to increase VAT revenues for Member States by EUR 7 billion per year. It is estimated that the proposal will reduce administration burdens for business by EUR 2.3 billion annually.

activities
  • date: 2016-12-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2016/0757/COM_COM(2016)0757_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52016PC0757:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2016)0757 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC commission:
committees
  • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI
links
other
    procedure
    reference
    2016/0370(CNS)
    instrument
    Directive
    legal_basis
    Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 113
    stage_reached
    Preparatory phase in Parliament
    summary
    subtype
    Legislation
    title
    Value added tax (VAT): certain obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods
    type
    CNS - Consultation procedure
    subject