BETA


2016/2096(INI) Promoting gender equality in mental health and clinical research

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead FEMM BECERRA BASTERRECHEA Beatriz (icon: ALDE ALDE) ESTARÀS FERRAGUT Rosa (icon: PPE PPE), WARD Julie (icon: S&D S&D), GIRLING Julie (icon: ECR ECR), VON STORCH Beatrix (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion DEVE MARCELLESI Florent (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Anna ZÁBORSKÁ (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2017/08/31
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2017/02/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2017/02/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 364 votes to 171 with 155 abstentions, a legislative resolution on promoting gender equality in mental health and clinical research.

Parliament recalled that the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health is a fundamental human right. In this respect, they noted that in the EU, 27 % of the adult population, including both men and women, have experienced at least one episode of mental illness. Accordingly, it called on Member States to take measures and allocate sufficient resources to ensure women’s access to healthcare and specifically to mental health services – including women’s shelters – independently of their legal status, gender identity, sex characteristics, ethnic origin, or religion.

Parliament recalled that in a global context marked by an ongoing economic crisis and a sharp rise in unemployment, in particular among young people and women, the incidence of mental health problems such as depression, bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, anxiety and dementia is steadily increasing. The World Health Organisation has estimated that depression affects 350 million people and by 2020 this illness will be the second leading cause of inability to work .

Gender equality in mental health : Parliament called on the Commission and the Member States to promote information and prevention campaigns and other initiatives to raise public awareness of mental health problems. It also asked for effective action in order to:

change how people with mental health problems are perceived : Members stressed the fact that there was a link between mental health and poverty and social exclusion. Acknowledging the influence of media and particularly of the Internet and social networks on mental health, Members called for more research on this topic. They pointed out that some women have a distorted perception of their image due to media, stereotyped advertising and social pressure, and develop eating and behavioural disorders, for instance anorexia and bulimia. Parliament called on the Commission, the Member States, and local authorities to ensure that their mental health strategies address the mental health challenges that could be faced by LGBTI people; targeted assistances for vulnerable women and women refugees : Parliament raises serious concerns over the provision of mental health care and facilities to refugee women and girls in Europe, particularly those living in makeshift conditions across Member States. It highlights that detention of refugees and asylum seekers without effectively and efficiently processing their asylum claims is in violation of international law and has a negative impact on their mental health and wellbeing. It called on Member States to protect women asylum seekers in detention, and stresses that these women are to be provided with immediate protection, including ending detention, speeding up relocation and promoting support and counselling. Parliament also calls on Member States to delink health policies from immigration control by allowing access to basic healthcare services and not imposing a duty to report undocumented migrants on healthcare practitioners. It asked Member States, moreover, to implement the multi-agency guidelines on protecting and supporting the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants in Europe, as prepared by WHO/Europe, UN High Commission for Refugees and the International Organisation of Migrants.

Gender equality in clinical trials : Parliament underlined the fact that clinical trials of pharmaceutical products on both men and women are necessary and that these should be inclusive, non-discriminatory and performed under conditions of equality. It wanted the labels on pharmaceutical products clearly to indicate whether trials on women took place or not, and whether men and women may expect different side effects. It also asked the Commission to incentivise projects at EU level focused on how women are treated in clinical research. Parliament also underlined that urgent action was required to correct gender gaps in clinical trials in areas of health where such gaps are particularly harmful , such as in medication for Alzheimer’s, cancer, treatment of strokes, anti-depressants, and cardiovascular diseases.

Sexual and reproductive education : Parliament called for comprehensive, age-appropriate, evidence-based, scientifically accurate and non-judgmental sexuality education. It also called for quality family planning services and access to contraception help to prevent unintended and unwanted pregnancies, reduce the need for abortion, and contribute to the prevention of HIV and STIs. In general, Parliament considered that sexual and reproductive rights include access to legal and safe abortion, reliable, safe and affordable contraception, and comprehensive sexuality and relationship education.

Parliament also called on the commission and Member States to:

promote healthcare by ensuring easy access to services and the provision of adequate information tailored to men’s and women’s specific needs and the exchange of best practice in the field of mental health and clinical research; take stock of the specific health needs of women and men in their health policies; ensure that prevention strategies specifically target women who are at risk of intersectional discrimination; recognise gender-based violence and violence against women as a public health issue; incentivise programmes that address the specific needs of women concerning illnesses such as osteoporosis, musculoskeletal problems and central nervous system illnesses such as Alzheimer’s and/or dementia.

Lastly, Parliament recalled that healthcare and health policy are a competence of the Member States and that the role of the Commission is complementary to national policies.

Documents
2017/02/14
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2017/02/13
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/12/12
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality adopted the own-initiative report by Beatriz BECERRA BASTERRECHEA (ADLE, ES) on promoting gender equality in mental health and clinical research.

Members recalled that the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health is a fundamental human right. In this respect, they noted that in the EU, 27 % of the adult population, including both men and women, have experienced at least one episode of mental illness. Accordingly, they called on Member States to take measures and allocate sufficient resources to ensure access to healthcare and specifically to mental health services – including women’s shelters – independently of their legal status, gender identity, sex characteristics, ethnic origin, or religion.

Gender equality in mental health : Members called on the Commission and the Member States to promote information and prevention campaigns and other initiatives to raise public awareness of mental health problems. They also asked for effective action in order to:

change how people with mental health problems are perceived : Members stressed the fact that there was a link between mental health and poverty and social exclusion. Acknowledging the influence of media and particularly of the Internet and social networks on mental health, Members called for more research on this topic. They pointed out that some women have a distorted perception of their image due to media, stereotyped advertising and social pressure, and develop eating and behavioural disorders, for instance anorexia and bulimia. Members called on the Commission, the Member States, and local authorities to ensure that their mental health strategies address the mental health challenges that could be faced by LGBTI people; develop tailored policies for marginalized and refugee women : the committee called on Member States to protect women asylum seekers in detention who report abuse, and stresses that these women are to be provided with immediate protection . It called on the Commission, the Member States and local authorities to develop specific tailored policies in order to provide mental health services to groups of vulnerable women in marginalised communities.

Gender equality in clinical trials : Members underlined the fact that clinical trials of pharmaceutical products on both men and women are necessary and that these should be inclusive, non-discriminatory and performed under conditions of equality. They wanted the labels on pharmaceutical products clearly to indicate whether trials on women took place or not, and whether men and women may expect different side effects. They also asked the Commission to incentivise projects at EU level focused on how women are treated in clinical research.

Members also underlined that urgent action was required to correct gender gaps in clinical trials in areas of health where such gaps are particularly harmful , such as in medication for Alzheimer’s, cancer, treatment of strokes, anti-depressants, and cardiovascular diseases.

Lastly, the committee called on the Commission and Member States to:

promote healthcare by ensuring easy access to services and the provision of adequate information tailored to men’s and women’s specific needs and the exchange of best practice in the field of mental health and clinical research; take stock of the specific health needs of women and men in their health policies; ensure that prevention strategies specifically target women who are at risk of intersectional discrimination; recognise gender-based violence and violence against women as a public health issue; incentivise programmes that address the specific needs of women concerning illnesses such as osteoporosis, musculoskeletal problems and central nervous system illnesses such as Alzheimer’s and/or dementia.

Documents
2016/11/29
   EP - Vote in committee
2016/11/09
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2016/10/18
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/09/08
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2016/06/09
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2016/06/07
   EP - MARCELLESI Florent (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2016/04/18
   EP - BECERRA BASTERRECHEA Beatriz (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM

Documents

Votes

A8-0380/2016 - Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea - § 17/1 #

2017/02/14 Outcome: +: 377, -: 226, 0: 85
ES IT GB SE DE FI BE PT RO DK NL EE BG LT LU CY LV IE EL MT HR AT SK SI CZ FR HU PL
Total
49
65
52
18
87
13
20
21
31
11
25
6
16
10
6
6
8
10
20
6
11
18
12
8
20
70
20
48
icon: S&D S&D
173

Belgium S&D

3

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3

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1

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1

Cyprus S&D

2

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1

Ireland S&D

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3

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2

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4
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66

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A8-0380/2016 - Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea - § 17/2 #

2017/02/14 Outcome: -: 490, +: 113, 0: 87
EE LU FI LT NL BE CY SE HR DK SI MT LV BG IE CZ SK PT EL ES AT IT HU GB RO PL FR DE
Total
6
5
13
10
25
20
6
18
11
11
8
6
7
16
10
20
12
21
20
49
18
65
20
53
30
50
70
89
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3

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3
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6
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171

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A8-0380/2016 - Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea - § 44 #

2017/02/14 Outcome: +: 399, -: 245, 0: 41
GB IT ES BE SE NL DE EL FI CZ RO DK LU PT CY LV EE BG IE LT HR AT SI SK MT FR HU PL
Total
51
62
50
19
18
24
90
18
13
20
31
11
6
21
6
8
6
16
10
9
11
18
8
12
6
71
20
49
icon: S&D S&D
172

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3

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3

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A8-0380/2016 - Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea - § 59 #

2017/02/14 Outcome: +: 582, -: 93, 0: 14
DE IT ES GB RO FR PT HU CZ BE AT SE BG NL EL FI IE SI DK LT LU EE MT LV CY HR PL SK
Total
89
61
49
53
31
71
21
20
19
20
18
18
16
25
20
13
10
8
11
10
6
6
6
8
6
11
50
12
icon: PPE PPE
207

Denmark PPE

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1

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3

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1
icon: S&D S&D
172

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3

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3

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1

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icon: ALDE ALDE
66

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A8-0380/2016 - Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea - § 64 #

2017/02/14 Outcome: +: 649, 0: 35, -: 6
DE IT GB FR PL ES RO NL PT EL CZ BE HU AT BG SE FI SK HR DK LT IE LV SI LU EE CY MT
Total
89
61
53
71
50
50
31
25
21
20
20
20
19
18
16
18
13
12
11
11
10
10
8
8
6
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
205

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
172

Netherlands S&D

3

Belgium S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

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For (1)

1

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1

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For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

Against (1)

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: ECR ECR
64

Italy ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

1
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
49

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
26

Germany EFDD

1

France EFDD

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
40

Germany ENF

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

For (1)

1
2

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
17

Germany NI

For (1)

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

3

France NI

3

Poland NI

1

A8-0380/2016 - Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea - Considérant AR #

2017/02/14 Outcome: +: 507, -: 124, 0: 62
DE ES IT GB RO BE PT SE BG FR EL NL FI DK CZ IE AT LU LV CY SI EE MT LT HR SK HU PL
Total
90
50
65
52
31
20
21
18
16
71
18
25
13
11
20
10
18
6
8
6
8
6
6
10
11
12
20
50
icon: S&D S&D
172

Belgium S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

Against (1)

3

Croatia S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Czechia ALDE

Against (1)

4

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Lithuania ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia ALDE

2
icon: PPE PPE
207