BETA


2017/0128(COD) Interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union. Recast

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead TRAN SALINI Massimiliano (icon: PPE PPE) SEHNALOVÁ Olga (icon: S&D S&D), TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen (icon: ECR ECR), VAN MILTENBURG Matthijs (icon: ALDE ALDE), DALUNDE Jakop G. (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), PAKSAS Rolandas (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion LIBE ŠKRIPEK Branislav (icon: ECR ECR) Csaba SÓGOR (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Recast Technique Opinion JURI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 091-p1

Events

2019/04/16
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/03/29
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive (EU) 2019/520 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union.

CONTENT: the Directive lays down the conditions necessary to:

- ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems on the entire Union road network, urban and interurban motorways, major and minor roads, and various structures, such as tunnels or bridges, and ferries; and

- facilitate the cross-border exchange of vehicle registration data regarding the vehicles and the owners or holders of vehicles for which there was a failure to pay road fees of any kind in the Union.

The Directive shall not prevent Member States from levying charges on particular types of vehicles, or from determining the level of such fees and their purpose.

Technological solutions

The amended directive provides that all new electronic road toll systems that require the installation or use of on-board equipment will have to use one or more of the following technologies to carry out electronic toll transactions: (a) satellite positioning; (b) mobile communications; (c) 5.8 GHz microwave technology.

European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) providers shall make available to EETS users on-board equipment suitable for use with the relevant electronic road toll systems in service in the Member States and using the above-mentioned technologies and that is interoperable and capable of communicating with all these systems.

The on-board equipment (OBE) may use its own hardware and software, use elements of other hardware and software present in the vehicle, or both. For the purpose of communicating with other hardware systems present in the vehicle, the OBE may use technologies other than those listed in the first subparagraph of paragraph 1, provided that security, quality of service and privacy are ensured.

On-board equipment which uses satellite positioning technology and is placed on the market after 19 October 2021 shall be compatible with the positioning services provided by the Galileo and the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (‘EGNOS’) systems.

Interoperability

The new rules shall make electronic toll systems more interoperable and therefore more cost-effective and user-friendly. They shall remove administrative barriers, such as cumbersome authorisation procedures and non-standard local technical specifications. As a result, electronic toll service providers shall be able to access the toll collection market more easily.

General principles of the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS)

Each Member State shall establish a procedure for registering EETS providers. It shall grant the registration to entities which are established on its territory, which request registration and which can demonstrate that they fulfil a number of requirements.

Toll chargers should give access to their EETS domain to EETS providers on a non-discriminatory basis. To ensure transparency and non-discriminatory access to EETS domains for all EETS providers, toll chargers shall publish all the necessary information relating to access rights in an EETS domain statement.

All OBE user rebates or discounts on tolls offered by a Member State or by a toll charger should be transparent, publicly announced and available under the same conditions to clients of EETS providers.

EETS providers shall be entitled to fair remuneration, calculated based on a transparent, non-discriminatory and identical methodology.

Conciliation Bodies shall have the power to verify that the contractual conditions imposed on any EETS provider are non-discriminatory.

Procedure for the exchange of information between Member States

In order to allow the identification of the vehicle, and the owner or holder of that vehicle, for which a failure to pay a road fee has been established, each Member State shall grant access only to other Member States' national contact points to the following national vehicle registration data, with the power to conduct automated searches.

Member States shall take the measures necessary to ensure that the exchange of information between Member States takes place only between the national contact points. In the context of this data exchange, particular attention shall be paid to the adequate protection of personal data.

Where the Member State in whose territory there was a failure to pay a road fee decides to initiate follow-up proceedings in relation to the failure to pay a road fee, it shall, for the purpose of ensuring the respect of fundamental rights, send the information letter in the language of the registration document of the vehicle, if available, or in one of the official languages of the Member State of registration.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 18.4.2019.

TRANSPOSITION: no later than 19.10.2021.

2019/03/19
   CSL - Final act signed
2019/03/19
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/03/13
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2019/03/04
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2019/02/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/02/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 536 votes to 53, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast).

The position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Subject matter and scope

T he directive would lay down the necessary conditions to ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems on the entire EU road network and to facilitate the cross-border sharing of registration data concerning vehicles and owners or keepers of vehicles that do not pay road charges even when their vehicles are registered in another EU country.

The directive would not prevent Member States from levying charges on particular types of vehicles, or from determining the level of such fees and their purpose.

Technological solutions

The amended directive provides that all new electronic road toll systems that require the installation or use of on-board equipment will have to use one or more of the following technologies to carry out electronic toll transactions: (a) satellite positioning; (b) mobile communications; (c) 5.8 GHz microwave technology.

Existing electronic road toll systems that require the installation or use of on-board equipment and other technologies should comply with these requirements in the event of significant technological progress.

Characteristics of the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS)

The concept of ‘EETS’ would cover toll services provided by an EETS provider to an EETS user under contract in one or more EETS sectors, namely a road, road network, bridge, tunnel or ferry, at the level of which tolls are collected by means of an electronic road toll system.

EETS should make it possible to develop intermodality while ensuring that the user-pays and polluter-pays principles are respected.

Requirements for EETS providers

The providers would seek registration in a Member State where they are established and meet certain requirements such as certification, proof of technical equipment and EC declaration, proof of competence, appropriate financial standing, implementation of a risk management plan subject to audit at least every two years.

Rights and obligations of EETS providers

S uch providers should (i) conclude contracts covering all EETS domains on the territory of at least four Member States within 36 months of their registration; (ii) conclude contracts covering all EETS domains in a given Member State within 24 months of the conclusion of the first contract in that Member State, unless otherwise agreed. Once contracts have been concluded, EETS providers would ensure coverage of all EETS domains at all times.

EETS providers would cooperate with toll chargers in their enforcement efforts. Where a failure by a road user to pay a road fee is suspected, the toll charger may request that the EETS provider provide it with data relating to the vehicle involved in the suspected failure to pay a road fee. The EETS provider shall ensure that such data is instantly available.

Rights and obligations of the toll charger

T oll chargers shall accept on a non-discriminatory basis any EETS provider requesting to provide EETS on the EETS domain(s) under the toll charger’s responsibility.

They should publish all necessary information concerning access rights in an EETS domain statement.

Each Member State with at least two EETS sectors on its territory should designate a single contact office for EETS providers. The toll would be determined by the toll charger according, inter alia, to the vehicle’s classification. The toll charged by toll chargers to EETS users should not exceed the corresponding national/local toll. All on-board-equipment user rebates or discounts on tolls offered by a Member State or by a toll charger should be available under the same conditions to clients of EETS providers.

EETS providers shall be entitled to remuneration by the toll charger.

Conciliation body

Each Member State with at least one EETS domain shall designate or establish a Conciliation Body in order to facilitate mediation between toll chargers with an EETS domain located within its territory and EETS providers that have contracts or are in contractual negotiations with those toll chargers.

Each Member State with at least one EETS domain shall lay down a mediation procedure in order to enable a toll charger or an EETS provider to request the relevant Conciliation Body to intervene in any dispute relating to their contractual relations or negotiations.

Pilot toll systems

P ilot toll systems incorporating new technologies which do not comply with one or more of the provisions of the directive could be authorised for an initial period not exceeding three years subject to prior agreement by the Commission.

Data protection

The General Data Protection Regulation (EU Regulation 2016/679) and national laws, regulations and administrative provisions transposing Directives 2002/58/EC and (EU) 2016/680 would apply to personal data processed under the directive.

Personal data should only be processed in order to facilitate the cross-border exchange of information on defaults on road user charges. Member States should also ensure that data subjects have the right to update, rectify and delete their processed personal data without delay in case of inaccuracy.

Documents
2019/02/13
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/12/03
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2018/11/28
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2018/06/13
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 71)
2018/06/11
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations announced in plenary (Rule 71)
2018/06/07
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/06/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted the report by Massimiliano SALINI (EPP, IT) on the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast).

The committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission proposal as follows:

Subject matter and scope : the Directive shall lay down the necessary conditions in order to:

ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems on the entire road network , urban and interurban motorways, major and minor roads, and various structures such as tunnels, bridges and ferries;

facilitate the cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union , including on the failure to pay those fees to be collected manually on infrastructures to which this Directive applies, as well as those fees charged in urban areas as referred to in Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, or those fines for infringements concerning the payment of fees.

The Directive shall not prevent Member States from levying charges on particular types of vehicles, or from determining the level of such fees and their purpose.

Technological solutions : Members proposed to specify in the Directive (instead of an annex) that all new electronic toll systems which require the installation or use of on-board equipment shall, for carrying out electronic toll transactions, use one or more of the following technologies: (a) satellite positioning ; (b) mobile communications ; (c) 5.8 GHz microwave technology .

Each vehicle shall have only one on-board unit, and that on-board unit may be linked to only one vehicle

Characteristics of the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) : the term ‘EETS’ means the toll service provided, under a contract, by an EETS provider to an EETS user.

The EETS shall allow for contracts to be concluded irrespective of the place of registration of the vehicle, the nationality of the parties to the contract, and the zone or section on the road network in respect of which the road fee is due, taking into account the means of payment valid in that Member State.

The EETS shall be provided through contractual agreements between the service providers and the toll collectors which guarantee that tolls are paid correctly. It shall allow intermodality to develop whilst guaranteeing compliance with the ‘user and polluter pays principle’ and developing advantages for other and more sustainable modes of transport.

Requirements for EETS providers : these providers shall seek registration in a Member State where they are established and meet certain requirements such as certification, proof of technical equipment and EC declaration, proof of competence, appropriate financial standing, implementation of a risk management plan subject to audit at least every two years.

Rights and obligations of EETS providers : such providers should (i) conclude contracts covering all EETS domains on the territory of at least four Member States within 36 months of their registration; (ii) conclude contracts covering all EETS domains in a given Member State within 24 months of the conclusion of the first contract in that Member State, unless otherwise agreed. Once contracts have been concluded, EETS providers shall ensure coverage of all EETS domains at all times.

EETS providers shall cooperate with toll chargers in their enforcement efforts . Where a failure by a road user to pay a road fee is suspected, the toll charger may request that the EETS provider provide it with data relating to the vehicle involved in the suspected failure to pay a road fee. The EETS provider shall ensure that such data is instantly available.

A decision by the competent authority of the Member State in whose territory a failure to pay a road fee has been established should automatically be recognised in the Member State of the owner or the holder of the vehicle.

Rights and obligations of the toll charger : toll chargers shall accept on a non-discriminatory basis any EETS provider requesting to provide EETS on the EETS domain(s) under the toll charger’s responsibility.

Each toll charger shall develop and maintain an EETS domain statement setting out the general conditions for EETS providers for accessing their toll domains. The toll charger shall be bound to respect its side of the planning. Each Member State with at least two EETS sectors on its territory should designate a single contact office for EETS providers. The toll shall be determined by the toll charger according, inter alia, to the vehicle’s classification. The toll charged by toll chargers to EETS users shall not exceed the corresponding national/local toll . All on-board-equipment user rebates or discounts on tolls offered by a Member State or by a toll charger should be available under the same conditions to clients of EETS providers.

EETS providers shall be entitled to remuneration by the toll charger.

Conciliation body : Members proposed to ensure a conciliation procedure in view to settle disputes between toll chargers and EETS providers during contract negotiations and in their contractual relationships. National conciliation bodies should be consulted by toll chargers and EETS providers in search of a dispute settlement relating to non-discriminatory access to EETS domains.

The conciliation bodies shall be empowered to verify that the contractual conditions imposed on any EETS provider are non-discriminatory.

Pilot toll systems : pilot toll systems incorporating new technologies which do not comply with one or more of the provisions of the Directive could be authorised for an initial period not exceeding three years subject to prior agreement by the Commission.

Data protection : the processing of personal data shall be carried out in accordance with EU standards. Where non-payment of a road user charge is considered a criminal offence by the Member State where the payment is due, Directive (EU) 2016/680 of the European Parliament and of the Council shall apply.

Personal data shall only be processed in order to facilitate the cross-border exchange of information on failures to pay road fees. Member States shall also ensure that data subjects have the right to update, rectify and erase without delay , in case of inaccuracy, their processed personal data.

Documents
2018/05/24
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2018/05/24
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2018/03/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/03/13
   FR_ASSEMBLY - Contribution
Documents
2018/02/21
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/02/01
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2017/12/19
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2017/10/23
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2017/10/18
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2017/09/26
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2017/08/31
   EP - ŠKRIPEK Branislav (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2017/08/30
   EP - Opinion on the recast technique
Documents
2017/08/04
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2017/07/13
   NL_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2017/06/30
   EP - SALINI Massimiliano (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2017/06/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2017/05/31
   EC - Legislative proposal
Details

PURPOSE: to ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union.

PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: interoperability is lacking in the current European electronic toll systems (EETS), which is a particular problem for cross-border traffic. At present, several " on-board units " on board vehicles are required to travel unhindered in different countries.

The costs are estimated at EUR 334 million a year currently and are expected to fall just below EUR 300 million a year by 2025 (without further EU action).

To address these issues, a Directive on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems was adopted in 2004. Some cross-border interoperability has been achieved, but in a number of countries it is still the case that only national ‘on-board units’ can be used to pay tolls.

EETS providers face considerable barriers to entry , such as discriminatory treatment by authorities (including protection of incumbents); long and changing acceptance procedures; and technical specificities in local systems that do not comply with established standards.

Another problem relates to the difficulty to identify the offender on the basis of the licence plate number when the vehicle is registered abroad. There is no legal basis at EU level for the exchange of vehicle registration data between Member States for the purpose of toll enforcement. The resulting revenue leakage for national, regional and local tolling schemes amounts to some EUR 300 million a year.

In this context, the Commission considers it necessary to provide for the widespread deployment of electronic toll systems in the Member States and neighbouring countries. These systems should be interoperable and based on open and public standards, available on a non-discriminatory basis to all system suppliers.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the preferred option aims to address all problems through legislation, keeping the ‘market-based’ approach taken in Decision 2009/750/EC on the definition of the European Electronic Toll Service and its technical elements.

The expected benefits are as follows:

for road users – cumulated savings of EUR 370 million (net present value – NPV) until 2025; for road network managers – savings of EUR 48 million (NPV) until 2025; for EETS providers – a reduction in regulatory burden linked to entering national markets and market expansion, with additional revenues of EUR 700 million a year.

Overall, the net cumulated benefit of the preferred policy option (benefits minus costs) is EUR 254 million (NPV) until 2025.

CONTENT: this proposal is a recast of an existing legal act (Directive 2004/52/EC).

Subject matter and scope : the proposed Directive lays down the conditions necessary to ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union.

It shall apply to the electronic collection of all types of road fees on the entire Union road network, urban and inter-urban motorways, minor and major roads and various structures such as tunnels, bridges and ferries.

Technological solutions : all new electronic toll systems that require the installation or use of on-board equipment should use one or more of the technologies listed in Annex IV to the Directive to carry out electronic toll transactions.

The proposal provides that on-board equipment which uses satellite positioning technology is compatible with the positioning services provided by the Galileo and the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service ( 'EGNOS' ) systems and may be compatible with other satellite navigation systems.

EETS on-board equipment can link to other devices installed or present in the vehicle, such as satellite navigation systems or smartphones. It also clarifies that communication between the on-board equipment and such other devices may use technologies not listed in Annex IV (for example, Bluetooth).

Until 31 December 2027, EETS providers may provide users of light-duty vehicles with on-board equipment suitable for use only with the 5.8 GHz microwave technology.

Procedure for the cross-border exchange of information on road-safety-related traffic offences : for the investigation of the failure to pay road fees, the Member State shall grant other Member States' national contact points access to the following national vehicle registration data, with the power to conduct automated searches.

The system for exchanging information on those who fail to pay a road fee should use the same tools as the system used for exchanging information on road-safety-related traffic offenses provided for in Directive (EU) 2015/413 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

DELEGATED ACTS: the proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

2017/05/31
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2017/05/31
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2017/05/31
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2017/05/31
   EC - Document attached to the procedure

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0199/2018 - Massimiliano Salini - Am 90 14/02/2019 12:10:01.000 #

2019/02/14 Outcome: +: 536, -: 53, 0: 17
DE IT ES PL GB RO FR NL CZ BG BE SE HU FI SK PT HR AT LT SI LV EL LU IE DK MT EE CY
Total
80
52
42
45
55
24
65
25
18
14
16
13
13
12
12
17
10
18
8
8
7
16
5
7
11
5
4
2
icon: PPE PPE
173

United Kingdom PPE

2

Belgium PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Ireland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
143

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Bulgaria S&D

2

Hungary S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: ECR ECR
60

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

1
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
40

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
17

Germany NI

2

Italy NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

2

France NI

2

Hungary NI

2

Denmark NI

1
icon: ENF ENF
33

Germany ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

3

Netherlands ENF

4

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
214 2017/0128(COD)
2018/02/21 TRAN 154 amendments...
source: 618.183
2018/02/28 LIBE 60 amendments...
source: 618.301

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0/shadows/3/name
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  • name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří date: 2017-07-26T00:00:00 group: European United Left - Nordic Green Left abbr: GUE/NGL
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  • date: 2017-10-18T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:2887)(documentyear:2017)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CES2887/2017 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2017-12-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE615.481 title: PE615.481 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2018-02-01T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.cor.europa.eu/CORDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:3560)(documentyear:2017)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CDR3560/2017 type: Committee of the Regions: opinion body: CofR
  • date: 2018-02-21T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE618.183 title: PE618.183 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-03-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE616.760&secondRef=03 title: PE616.760 committee: LIBE type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2018-11-28T00:00:00 docs: title: GEDA/A/(2019)004224 type: Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement body: CSL
  • date: 2019-03-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=[%n4]%2F19&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 00069/2018/LEX type: Draft final act body: CSL
  • date: 2019-04-16T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=31243&j=0&l=en title: SP(2019)354 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2017-07-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0280 title: COM(2017)0280 type: Contribution body: NL_CHAMBER
  • date: 2017-08-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0280 title: COM(2017)0280 type: Contribution body: IT_SENATE
  • date: 2017-09-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0280 title: COM(2017)0280 type: Contribution body: RO_SENATE
  • date: 2018-03-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0280 title: COM(2017)0280 type: Contribution body: FR_ASSEMBLY
  • date: 2017-10-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0280 title: COM(2017)0280 type: Contribution body: CZ_SENATE
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  • date: 2017-05-31T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2017/0280/COM_COM(2017)0280_EN.pdf title: COM(2017)0280 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2017&nu_doc=0280 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union. PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council. BACKGROUND: interoperability is lacking in the current European electronic toll systems (EETS), which is a particular problem for cross-border traffic. At present, several " on-board units " on board vehicles are required to travel unhindered in different countries. The costs are estimated at EUR 334 million a year currently and are expected to fall just below EUR 300 million a year by 2025 (without further EU action). To address these issues, a Directive on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems was adopted in 2004. Some cross-border interoperability has been achieved, but in a number of countries it is still the case that only national ‘on-board units’ can be used to pay tolls. EETS providers face considerable barriers to entry , such as discriminatory treatment by authorities (including protection of incumbents); long and changing acceptance procedures; and technical specificities in local systems that do not comply with established standards. Another problem relates to the difficulty to identify the offender on the basis of the licence plate number when the vehicle is registered abroad. There is no legal basis at EU level for the exchange of vehicle registration data between Member States for the purpose of toll enforcement. The resulting revenue leakage for national, regional and local tolling schemes amounts to some EUR 300 million a year. In this context, the Commission considers it necessary to provide for the widespread deployment of electronic toll systems in the Member States and neighbouring countries. These systems should be interoperable and based on open and public standards, available on a non-discriminatory basis to all system suppliers. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the preferred option aims to address all problems through legislation, keeping the ‘market-based’ approach taken in Decision 2009/750/EC on the definition of the European Electronic Toll Service and its technical elements. The expected benefits are as follows: for road users – cumulated savings of EUR 370 million (net present value – NPV) until 2025; for road network managers – savings of EUR 48 million (NPV) until 2025; for EETS providers – a reduction in regulatory burden linked to entering national markets and market expansion, with additional revenues of EUR 700 million a year. Overall, the net cumulated benefit of the preferred policy option (benefits minus costs) is EUR 254 million (NPV) until 2025. CONTENT: this proposal is a recast of an existing legal act (Directive 2004/52/EC). Subject matter and scope : the proposed Directive lays down the conditions necessary to ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union. It shall apply to the electronic collection of all types of road fees on the entire Union road network, urban and inter-urban motorways, minor and major roads and various structures such as tunnels, bridges and ferries. Technological solutions : all new electronic toll systems that require the installation or use of on-board equipment should use one or more of the technologies listed in Annex IV to the Directive to carry out electronic toll transactions. The proposal provides that on-board equipment which uses satellite positioning technology is compatible with the positioning services provided by the Galileo and the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service ( 'EGNOS' ) systems and may be compatible with other satellite navigation systems. EETS on-board equipment can link to other devices installed or present in the vehicle, such as satellite navigation systems or smartphones. It also clarifies that communication between the on-board equipment and such other devices may use technologies not listed in Annex IV (for example, Bluetooth). Until 31 December 2027, EETS providers may provide users of light-duty vehicles with on-board equipment suitable for use only with the 5.8 GHz microwave technology. Procedure for the cross-border exchange of information on road-safety-related traffic offences : for the investigation of the failure to pay road fees, the Member State shall grant other Member States' national contact points access to the following national vehicle registration data, with the power to conduct automated searches. The system for exchanging information on those who fail to pay a road fee should use the same tools as the system used for exchanging information on road-safety-related traffic offenses provided for in Directive (EU) 2015/413 of the European Parliament and of the Council. DELEGATED ACTS: the proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
  • date: 2017-06-15T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-05-24T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-05-24T00:00:00 type: Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-06-05T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0199&language=EN title: A8-0199/2018 summary: The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted the report by Massimiliano SALINI (EPP, IT) on the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast). The committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission proposal as follows: Subject matter and scope : the Directive shall lay down the necessary conditions in order to: ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems on the entire road network , urban and interurban motorways, major and minor roads, and various structures such as tunnels, bridges and ferries; facilitate the cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union , including on the failure to pay those fees to be collected manually on infrastructures to which this Directive applies, as well as those fees charged in urban areas as referred to in Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, or those fines for infringements concerning the payment of fees. The Directive shall not prevent Member States from levying charges on particular types of vehicles, or from determining the level of such fees and their purpose. Technological solutions : Members proposed to specify in the Directive (instead of an annex) that all new electronic toll systems which require the installation or use of on-board equipment shall, for carrying out electronic toll transactions, use one or more of the following technologies: (a) satellite positioning ; (b) mobile communications ; (c) 5.8 GHz microwave technology . Each vehicle shall have only one on-board unit, and that on-board unit may be linked to only one vehicle Characteristics of the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) : the term ‘EETS’ means the toll service provided, under a contract, by an EETS provider to an EETS user. The EETS shall allow for contracts to be concluded irrespective of the place of registration of the vehicle, the nationality of the parties to the contract, and the zone or section on the road network in respect of which the road fee is due, taking into account the means of payment valid in that Member State. The EETS shall be provided through contractual agreements between the service providers and the toll collectors which guarantee that tolls are paid correctly. It shall allow intermodality to develop whilst guaranteeing compliance with the ‘user and polluter pays principle’ and developing advantages for other and more sustainable modes of transport. Requirements for EETS providers : these providers shall seek registration in a Member State where they are established and meet certain requirements such as certification, proof of technical equipment and EC declaration, proof of competence, appropriate financial standing, implementation of a risk management plan subject to audit at least every two years. Rights and obligations of EETS providers : such providers should (i) conclude contracts covering all EETS domains on the territory of at least four Member States within 36 months of their registration; (ii) conclude contracts covering all EETS domains in a given Member State within 24 months of the conclusion of the first contract in that Member State, unless otherwise agreed. Once contracts have been concluded, EETS providers shall ensure coverage of all EETS domains at all times. EETS providers shall cooperate with toll chargers in their enforcement efforts . Where a failure by a road user to pay a road fee is suspected, the toll charger may request that the EETS provider provide it with data relating to the vehicle involved in the suspected failure to pay a road fee. The EETS provider shall ensure that such data is instantly available. A decision by the competent authority of the Member State in whose territory a failure to pay a road fee has been established should automatically be recognised in the Member State of the owner or the holder of the vehicle. Rights and obligations of the toll charger : toll chargers shall accept on a non-discriminatory basis any EETS provider requesting to provide EETS on the EETS domain(s) under the toll charger’s responsibility. Each toll charger shall develop and maintain an EETS domain statement setting out the general conditions for EETS providers for accessing their toll domains. The toll charger shall be bound to respect its side of the planning. Each Member State with at least two EETS sectors on its territory should designate a single contact office for EETS providers. The toll shall be determined by the toll charger according, inter alia, to the vehicle’s classification. The toll charged by toll chargers to EETS users shall not exceed the corresponding national/local toll . All on-board-equipment user rebates or discounts on tolls offered by a Member State or by a toll charger should be available under the same conditions to clients of EETS providers. EETS providers shall be entitled to remuneration by the toll charger. Conciliation body : Members proposed to ensure a conciliation procedure in view to settle disputes between toll chargers and EETS providers during contract negotiations and in their contractual relationships. National conciliation bodies should be consulted by toll chargers and EETS providers in search of a dispute settlement relating to non-discriminatory access to EETS domains. The conciliation bodies shall be empowered to verify that the contractual conditions imposed on any EETS provider are non-discriminatory. Pilot toll systems : pilot toll systems incorporating new technologies which do not comply with one or more of the provisions of the Directive could be authorised for an initial period not exceeding three years subject to prior agreement by the Commission. Data protection : the processing of personal data shall be carried out in accordance with EU standards. Where non-payment of a road user charge is considered a criminal offence by the Member State where the payment is due, Directive (EU) 2016/680 of the European Parliament and of the Council shall apply. Personal data shall only be processed in order to facilitate the cross-border exchange of information on failures to pay road fees. Member States shall also ensure that data subjects have the right to update, rectify and erase without delay , in case of inaccuracy, their processed personal data.
  • date: 2018-12-03T00:00:00 type: Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations body: EP docs: title: GEDA/A/(2019)004224
  • date: 2019-02-13T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190213&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2019-02-14T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=31243&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2019-02-14T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0122 title: T8-0122/2019 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 536 votes to 53, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union (recast). The position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows: Subject matter and scope T he directive would lay down the necessary conditions to ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems on the entire EU road network and to facilitate the cross-border sharing of registration data concerning vehicles and owners or keepers of vehicles that do not pay road charges even when their vehicles are registered in another EU country. The directive would not prevent Member States from levying charges on particular types of vehicles, or from determining the level of such fees and their purpose. Technological solutions The amended directive provides that all new electronic road toll systems that require the installation or use of on-board equipment will have to use one or more of the following technologies to carry out electronic toll transactions: (a) satellite positioning; (b) mobile communications; (c) 5.8 GHz microwave technology. Existing electronic road toll systems that require the installation or use of on-board equipment and other technologies should comply with these requirements in the event of significant technological progress. Characteristics of the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) The concept of ‘EETS’ would cover toll services provided by an EETS provider to an EETS user under contract in one or more EETS sectors, namely a road, road network, bridge, tunnel or ferry, at the level of which tolls are collected by means of an electronic road toll system. EETS should make it possible to develop intermodality while ensuring that the user-pays and polluter-pays principles are respected. Requirements for EETS providers The providers would seek registration in a Member State where they are established and meet certain requirements such as certification, proof of technical equipment and EC declaration, proof of competence, appropriate financial standing, implementation of a risk management plan subject to audit at least every two years. Rights and obligations of EETS providers S uch providers should (i) conclude contracts covering all EETS domains on the territory of at least four Member States within 36 months of their registration; (ii) conclude contracts covering all EETS domains in a given Member State within 24 months of the conclusion of the first contract in that Member State, unless otherwise agreed. Once contracts have been concluded, EETS providers would ensure coverage of all EETS domains at all times. EETS providers would cooperate with toll chargers in their enforcement efforts. Where a failure by a road user to pay a road fee is suspected, the toll charger may request that the EETS provider provide it with data relating to the vehicle involved in the suspected failure to pay a road fee. The EETS provider shall ensure that such data is instantly available. Rights and obligations of the toll charger T oll chargers shall accept on a non-discriminatory basis any EETS provider requesting to provide EETS on the EETS domain(s) under the toll charger’s responsibility. They should publish all necessary information concerning access rights in an EETS domain statement. Each Member State with at least two EETS sectors on its territory should designate a single contact office for EETS providers. The toll would be determined by the toll charger according, inter alia, to the vehicle’s classification. The toll charged by toll chargers to EETS users should not exceed the corresponding national/local toll. All on-board-equipment user rebates or discounts on tolls offered by a Member State or by a toll charger should be available under the same conditions to clients of EETS providers. EETS providers shall be entitled to remuneration by the toll charger. Conciliation body Each Member State with at least one EETS domain shall designate or establish a Conciliation Body in order to facilitate mediation between toll chargers with an EETS domain located within its territory and EETS providers that have contracts or are in contractual negotiations with those toll chargers. Each Member State with at least one EETS domain shall lay down a mediation procedure in order to enable a toll charger or an EETS provider to request the relevant Conciliation Body to intervene in any dispute relating to their contractual relations or negotiations. Pilot toll systems P ilot toll systems incorporating new technologies which do not comply with one or more of the provisions of the directive could be authorised for an initial period not exceeding three years subject to prior agreement by the Commission. Data protection The General Data Protection Regulation (EU Regulation 2016/679) and national laws, regulations and administrative provisions transposing Directives 2002/58/EC and (EU) 2016/680 would apply to personal data processed under the directive. Personal data should only be processed in order to facilitate the cross-border exchange of information on defaults on road user charges. Member States should also ensure that data subjects have the right to update, rectify and delete their processed personal data without delay in case of inaccuracy.
  • date: 2019-03-04T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2019-03-19T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 2019-03-19T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2019-03-29T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive (EU) 2019/520 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union. CONTENT: the Directive lays down the conditions necessary to: - ensure the interoperability of electronic road toll systems on the entire Union road network, urban and interurban motorways, major and minor roads, and various structures, such as tunnels or bridges, and ferries; and - facilitate the cross-border exchange of vehicle registration data regarding the vehicles and the owners or holders of vehicles for which there was a failure to pay road fees of any kind in the Union. The Directive shall not prevent Member States from levying charges on particular types of vehicles, or from determining the level of such fees and their purpose. Technological solutions The amended directive provides that all new electronic road toll systems that require the installation or use of on-board equipment will have to use one or more of the following technologies to carry out electronic toll transactions: (a) satellite positioning; (b) mobile communications; (c) 5.8 GHz microwave technology. European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) providers shall make available to EETS users on-board equipment suitable for use with the relevant electronic road toll systems in service in the Member States and using the above-mentioned technologies and that is interoperable and capable of communicating with all these systems. The on-board equipment (OBE) may use its own hardware and software, use elements of other hardware and software present in the vehicle, or both. For the purpose of communicating with other hardware systems present in the vehicle, the OBE may use technologies other than those listed in the first subparagraph of paragraph 1, provided that security, quality of service and privacy are ensured. On-board equipment which uses satellite positioning technology and is placed on the market after 19 October 2021 shall be compatible with the positioning services provided by the Galileo and the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (‘EGNOS’) systems. Interoperability The new rules shall make electronic toll systems more interoperable and therefore more cost-effective and user-friendly. They shall remove administrative barriers, such as cumbersome authorisation procedures and non-standard local technical specifications. As a result, electronic toll service providers shall be able to access the toll collection market more easily. General principles of the European Electronic Toll Service (EETS) Each Member State shall establish a procedure for registering EETS providers. It shall grant the registration to entities which are established on its territory, which request registration and which can demonstrate that they fulfil a number of requirements. Toll chargers should give access to their EETS domain to EETS providers on a non-discriminatory basis. To ensure transparency and non-discriminatory access to EETS domains for all EETS providers, toll chargers shall publish all the necessary information relating to access rights in an EETS domain statement. All OBE user rebates or discounts on tolls offered by a Member State or by a toll charger should be transparent, publicly announced and available under the same conditions to clients of EETS providers. EETS providers shall be entitled to fair remuneration, calculated based on a transparent, non-discriminatory and identical methodology. Conciliation Bodies shall have the power to verify that the contractual conditions imposed on any EETS provider are non-discriminatory. Procedure for the exchange of information between Member States In order to allow the identification of the vehicle, and the owner or holder of that vehicle, for which a failure to pay a road fee has been established, each Member State shall grant access only to other Member States' national contact points to the following national vehicle registration data, with the power to conduct automated searches. Member States shall take the measures necessary to ensure that the exchange of information between Member States takes place only between the national contact points. In the context of this data exchange, particular attention shall be paid to the adequate protection of personal data. Where the Member State in whose territory there was a failure to pay a road fee decides to initiate follow-up proceedings in relation to the failure to pay a road fee, it shall, for the purpose of ensuring the respect of fundamental rights, send the information letter in the language of the registration document of the vehicle, if available, or in one of the official languages of the Member State of registration. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 18.4.2019. TRANSPOSITION: no later than 19.10.2021. docs: title: Directive 2019/520 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32019L0520 title: OJ L 091 29.03.2019, p. 0045 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2019:091:TOC
links
Research document
otherinst
  • name: European Economic and Social Committee
  • name: European Committee of the Regions
procedure
reference
2017/0128(COD)
title
Interoperability of electronic road toll systems and facilitating cross-border exchange of information on the failure to pay road fees in the Union. Recast
subject
Legislative priorities
title: Joint Declaration 2018 url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/thematicnote.do?id=2063000&l=en
Notes
13/06/2018 Decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 69c)
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
subtype
Recast
instrument
legal_basis
Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 091-p1
Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 159
other_consulted_institutions
European Economic and Social Committee European Committee of the Regions
stage_reached
Procedure completed
dossier_of_the_committee
TRAN/8/10071
final