BETA


2017/0143(COD) Pan-European personal pension product (PEPP)

Progress: Procedure completed, awaiting publication in Official Journal

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ECON IN 'T VELD Sophia (icon: ALDE ALDE) HAYES Brian (icon: PPE PPE), SORU Renato (icon: S&D S&D), FOX Ashley (icon: ECR ECR), SCHIRDEWAN Martin (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), EICKHOUT Bas (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), ANNEMANS Gerolf (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion EMPL BECKER Heinz K. (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion IMCO COLLIN-LANGEN Birgit (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion JURI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 114

Events

2019/06/20
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2019/06/20
   CSL - Final act signed
2019/06/20
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/06/14
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2019/06/14
   CSL - Council Meeting
2019/04/04
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/04/04
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 338 votes to 143 with 139 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Pan-European Personal Pension Product (PEPP).

Parliament’s position adopted at first reading in the framework of the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

New personal pension products

The proposed regulation lays down uniform rules on the registration, manufacturing, distribution and supervision of personal pension products that are distributed in the Union under the designation "pan-European Personal Pension product" or "PEPP".

The regulation enables the creation of a personal pension product which will have a long-term retirement nature and will take into account environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors as referred to in the United Nations-supported Principles for Responsible Investment, insofar as possible, will be simple, safe, reasonably-priced, transparent, consumer-friendly and portable Union-wide.

The PEPP is based on a contract between an individual saver and an entity on a voluntary basis and is complementary to any statutory or occupational pension product. It provides for long-term capital accumulation with the explicit objective of providing income on retirement and with limited possibilities for early withdrawal before that time.

PEPP passport

PEPP providers should have access to the whole Union market with one single product registration to be granted on the basis of a single set of rules. In order to market a product under the designation “PEPP”, applicant PEPP providers should apply for registration to their competent authorities. Competent authorities should take a decision for registration if the applicant PEPP provider has provided all the necessary information and if suitable arrangements to comply with the requirements of the regulation are in place.

Portability

PEPP savers shall have the right to use a portability service that gives them the right to continue contributing into their existing PEPP account, when changing their residence to another Member State.

The portable PEPP with a long-term retirement nature will increase its attractiveness as a product, particularly to young people and mobile workers.

Without delay after being informed about the PEPP saver's change of residence to another Member State, the PEPP provider shall inform the PEPP saver about the possibility to open a new sub-account within the PEPP saver's PEPP account and about the timeframe within which such a sub-account could be opened.

Where a new sub-account is not available, the PEPP provider shall inform the PEPP saver about the right to switch without delay and free of charge and of the possibility to continue saving in the last sub-account opened.

If the PEPP saver intends to make use of the possibility to open a sub-account , the PEPP saver shall inform the PEPP provider of the PEPP saver's new Member State of residence and the date from which the contributions shall be directed to the new sub-account.

Switching service

PEPP savers have the right to switch to a different PEPP provider located in the same or another Member State, five years after the conclusion of the contract or after the last switch (or more frequently if the PEPP provider allows). Costs for the switching applied by the transferring PEPP provider should be limited to 0.5 % of the corresponding amounts or monetary value of the assets-in-kind to be transferred.

Protection of savers

The regulation ensures that savers know the key features of a PEPP. Before proposing a PEPP to savers, the PEPP provider must produce a key information document (PEPP KID) and publish this document on its website.

The PEPP KID shall constitute pre-contractual information.

It shall be: (i) accurate, fair, clear and not misleading: (ii) clearly separate from marketing materials; (iii) focus on the key information that PEPP customers need; (iv) be presented and laid out in a way that is easy to read, using characters of readable size; (v) be written in the official languages, or in at least one of the official languages, used in the part of the Member State where the PEPP is distributed.

The PEPP provider shall review the information contained in the PEPP KID at least annually and shall promptly revise the document where the review indicates that changes need to be made.

Information during the term of the contract

PEPP providers should draw up a PEPP benefit statement addressed to PEPP savers, in order to present them with key personal and generic data about the PEPP and to ensure up-to-date information on it. The PEPP benefit statement should be clear and comprehensive and should contain relevant and appropriate information to facilitate the understanding of pension entitlements over time and across pension products. The PEPP benefit statement should also contain key information on:

- the earliest date on which the decumulation phase may start for any sub-account;

- information on pension benefit projections based on that date, and a disclaimer that those projections may differ from the final value of the PEPP benefits received. If the pension benefit projections are based on economic scenarios, that information shall also include a best estimate scenario and an unfavourable scenario, taking into consideration the specific nature of the PEPP contract;

- information on the past performance of the PEPP saver's investment option covering performance of a minimum of ten years or, in cases where the PEPP has been provided for less than ten years;

- summary information on the investment policy relating to environmental, social and governance factors;

The PEPP benefit statement must be provided once a year to the saver.

PEPP providers should inform PEPP savers two months before the dates on which PEPP savers have the possibility of modifying their pay-out options about the upcoming start of the decumulation phase, the possible forms of out-payments and the possibility of modifying the form of out-payments.

Documents
2019/02/26
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2019/02/13
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2018/09/06
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted the report by Sophia in't VELDs (ALDE, NL) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Pan-European Personal Pension Product (PEPP).

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Subject matter : the proposed Regulation shall lay down uniform rules on the authorisation, provision, distribution and supervision of personal pension products that are distributed in the Union under the designation pan-European Personal Pension product or ‘PEPP’.

Members stressed that in Member States where the first and second pillar are insufficiently developed, PEPP might offer solutions for people who do not currently have access to adequate provisions. In Member States with highly developed pension markets, the PEPP could broaden the consumer choice, or offer solutions to mobile citizens.

However, the PEPP should not aim to replace existing national pension systems , since it is an additional and complementary product. Nor should it call into question the fundamental responsibility of Member States to ensure a decent minimum standard of living for their citizens in old age, or the urgent need to strengthen the capacity of public pension systems to provide a secure, substantial and effective social protection for all.

Portability : the portability service shall be defined as the right of PEPP savers to continue to contribute to a PEPP which they have already subscribed to from a provider while they change their place of residence by moving to another Member State.

When proposing a PEPP, the PEPP provider or PEPP distributor shall provide potential PEPP savers with information on the portability options and on which national compartments are available, either via the provider or from a registered partner. Immediately after receiving the PEPP savers request to use the portability service, the PEPP provider shall inform the PEPP saver about the options available to him or her, including the possibility to continue saving in a new compartment. Consequently, if no partnership or compartment is available, the PEPP provider shall inform the PEPP saver about the right of costless switching.

Key information document on PEPP : prior to the conclusion of a PEPP-related contract, the PEPP provider or distributor shall specify, on the basis of information obtained from the PEPP saver, the retirement-related demands and the needs of that PEPP saver and shall provide the PEPP saver with objective information about the PEPP in a comprehensible form to allow that PEPP saver to make an informed decision.

The key information document shall be accurate, fair, clear and not misleading; be consistent with any binding contractual documents; be a stand-alone document, clearly separate from marketing materials; be drawn up as a short document written in a concise manner using clear, succinct and understandable language, and contain the key information that PPIP investors need.

In addition to the PEPP key information document, PEPP providers and PEPP distributors shall provide potential PEPP savers with a summary of and references to relevant reports on the solvency and financial condition of the PEPP provider, allowing them easy access to this information. They shall also be provided with information on the past performance of investments related to the PEPP, covering the years the PEPP has been operating.

Information during the term of the contract : PEPP providers and distributors shall ensure a high level of transparency throughout the various phases of a scheme comprising pre-enrolment, membership (including preretirement) and post-retirement. In particular, information concerning accrued pension entitlements, projected levels of retirement benefits, risks and guarantees including risks relating to environmental, social and governance factors, and costs should be given.

The Pension Benefit Statement should be provided annually to the PEPP saver.

PEPP providers shall inform PEPP savers sufficiently in advance before retirement about their pay-out options and at least one year before entering the decumulation phase .

In the case of a national or cross-border change of supplier, PEPP providers shall inform the relevant national authorities of any switch of supplier services they offer to PEPP savers

Form of benefits : PEPP providers could make one or more of the following forms of benefits available to PEPP savers: (a) payments for life, (b) payments made for a temporary period, (c) a lump sum, or (d) any combination thereof.

For the Basic PEPP, in the first year a maximum of 30 % of the total amount shall be permitted. The remaining capital may be drawdown payments, annuities or a combination thereof. In the case of a Basic PEPP with a capital guarantee as the investment option, a minimum of 35 % of the out-payment will be in lifelong annuities.

Environmental, social and governance factors : the amended text underlines that PEPP savings shall be invested in line with the Union’s climate and sustainability objectives as set out in the Paris agreement, sustainable development goals, and the United Nations guiding principles on business and human rights. Furthermore, PEPP providers shall adopt an investment exclusion policy in order to ensure that savings are not invested in the most controversial and harmful products or tax avoidance tactics.

Complaints : in order to strengthen consumer rights and to facilitate access to a complaints procedure, PEPP savers shall be able, either individually or collectively , to submit complaints through their own national competent authority, by way of ‘one stop shop’. The competent authority where the complaint was submitted shall be responsible for the further steps in the complaints procedure.

Documents
2018/09/03
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/09/03
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2018/07/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/06/29
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/04/30
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/04/30
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/04/30
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/02/26
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2017/11/14
   RO_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2017/10/30
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2017/10/27
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2017/10/19
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2017/10/16
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2017/10/03
   EP - Committee Opinion
2017/09/25
   EP - Committee Opinion
2017/09/11
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2017/07/06
   EP - Responsible Committee
2017/06/29
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2017/06/29
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2017/06/29
   EC - For information
Documents
2017/06/29
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to lay down the measures concerning the creation of a pan-European personal pension product (PEPP).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: market fragmentation prevents personal pension providers from maximising risk diversification, innovation and economies of scale. This reduces choice and attractiveness and leads to increased costs for pension savers. Some existing personal pension products are limited. An EU initiative on personal pensions could therefore complement the current divergent rules at EU and national level by adding a pan-European framework for pension, for individuals who wish to use this additional saving option.

The European Parliament, in its Resolution of 19 January 2016, expressed concern about the lack of available and attractive risk-appropriate (long-term) investments and cost-efficient and suitable savings products for consumers. It called for the development of a pan-European Pension Product (PEPP), with a simple transparent design. In September 2016, the Commission in its Communication Capital Markets Union — Accelerating Reform , in light of the strong support expressed by the European Parliament, stated that it would consider proposals for a simple, efficient and competitive EU personal pension product.

This framework is not intended to replace or harmonise existing national personal pension schemes. It will offer individuals a new voluntary framework for saving by ensuring sufficient consumer protection with regard to the essential features of the product.

In order to encourage Member States to grant tax relief on the PEPP, the Commission has adopted a Recommendation on the tax treatment of personal pension products, including the pan-European Personal Pension Product, alongside this proposal.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the choice of a PEPP framework was preferred as it offers an additional harmonised pan-European framework that complements the existing national regimes and can overcome the shortcomings identified by using targeted solutions that avoid excessive compliance costs.

CONTENT: the proposed Regulation lays down uniform rules on the authorisation, manufacturing, distribution and supervision of personal pension products that are distributed in the Union under the designation ‘pan-European Personal Pension product (PEPP).

It’s main objectives are threefold:

raise more capital and channel it towards European long-term investments in the real economy; offer enhanced product features so that citizens benefit from a simple, safe and cost-effective personal pension product while being able to choose from different types of PEPP providers; encourage PEPP cross-border provision and portability.

The proposal may be summarised as follows:

Authorisation : only financial undertakings already authorised at EU level by the competent authorities would be eligible to apply for authorisation to provide PEPPs (i.e. to create and distribute them). The authorisation to act as a PEPP provider, i.e. to use the ‘PEPP’ label for personal pension products, will be granted by a single EU authority, the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA).

Existing personal pension products may be converted into PEPPs following authorisation by EIOPA, which must consult the competent supervisory authority of the financial undertaking before deciding whether to reject or approve its application.

Greater choice : PEPP savers will have more choice from a wide range of PEPP providers and benefit from greater competition. Savers will have the right to switch providers – both domestically and cross-border - at a capped cost every five years.

Product information : PEPP providers and distributors should provide clear and adequate information to potential PEPP savers and PEPP beneficiaries to support their decision-making about their retirement. In order to ensure optimal product transparency, PEPP manufacturers should draw up the PEPP key information document for the PEPPs that they manufacture before the product can be distributed to PEPP savers. All documents and information on PEPP will be provided to prospective PEPP savers and PEPP beneficiaries electronically. Upon request, PEPP providers and distributors must also provide those documents and information free of charge in a durable medium.

The proposal will create a quality label for EU personal pension products and increase trust among consumers.

Portability : this measure enables PEPP savers who change their domicile by moving to another Member State to continue paying into a PEPP that they have already taken out with a provider in the original Member State. In such a case, PEPP savers are entitled to keep all the advantages and incentives connected with continuous investment in the same PEPP.

EU passport : PEPP providers will benefit from an EU passport to facilitate cross-border distribution.

Monitoring : once the Regulation has entered into force, the Commission will monitor key mid-term performance indicators such as: (i) the uptake of personal pension products and the geographical and sectorial distribution of PEPP providers and investments in PEPPs; (ii) the number of providers using a passport for cross-border activity and the relative share of PEPPs.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the proposal has implications for the EU budget. In particular, the additional tasks for the European supervisory authorities (ESAs) will require an increase in resources as well as certain operational investments. Costs of EUR 1 000 000 have been estimated for 2019 , including a one-time investment for operational matters, and will total around EUR 1 200 000 per year by 2021.

Under the current co-financing arrangements of the ESAs, 40 % of this funding will be included in the EU budget and will, as such, not go beyond what is set out in the current multiannual financial framework that runs until 2020.

DELEGATED ACTS: the proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0278/2018 - Sophia in 't Veld - Am 2

2019/04/04 Outcome: -: 480, +: 125, 0: 15
EL CY IE DK EE LU MT FI SI LV NL SK AT HR LT BE SE FR PT CZ BG HU GB ES RO IT PL DE
Total
12
2
10
11
3
6
5
11
7
7
24
10
16
8
10
21
17
64
21
16
16
16
53
45
27
58
40
84
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2
icon: ENF ENF
29

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
30

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
14

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Italy NI

Abstain (1)

1

Poland NI

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
60

Finland ECR

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

3

Sweden ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Czechia ECR

Against (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

2

Italy ECR

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

France Verts/ALE

4

Hungary Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

For (1)

6

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

3

Germany ALDE

2
icon: S&D S&D
158

Greece S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Belgium S&D

Against (1)

4

Czechia S&D

3
3
icon: PPE PPE
178

Greece PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

2

Finland PPE

2
4

Slovakia PPE

3
2

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

2

A8-0278/2018 - Sophia in 't Veld - Am 3

2019/04/04 Outcome: +: 338, -: 143, 0: 139
DE PL RO HU BG ES BE SE CZ FI LT GB HR LU SI LV MT PT IT SK EE AT IE DK CY NL EL FR
Total
83
40
27
17
17
45
21
17
18
9
10
52
8
6
7
7
6
21
58
10
4
15
10
11
2
23
12
64
icon: PPE PPE
179

Finland PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Slovakia PPE

3

Greece PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63
3

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
58

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Sweden ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Czechia ECR

2

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Italy ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

3

Netherlands ECR

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

France Verts/ALE

4
icon: S&D S&D
157
4

Bulgaria S&D

Against (1)

4

Belgium S&D

Abstain (1)

4
6

Czechia S&D

3

Finland S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Croatia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

4

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

1
3

Netherlands S&D

3

Greece S&D

2
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

2

Italy NI

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark NI

1

France NI

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
30

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2
4

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3
AmendmentsDossier
1725 2017/0143(COD)
2018/04/30 ECON 739 amendments...