BETA


2017/0251(CNS) Value added tax (VAT) system: harmonising and simplifying certain rules and definitive system for the taxation of intra-Union trade

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ECON KOFOD Jeppe (icon: S&D S&D) MALETIĆ Ivana (icon: PPE PPE), LOONES Sander (icon: ECR ECR), CORNILLET Thierry (icon: ALDE ALDE), SCOTT CATO Molly (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KAPPEL Barbara (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion JURI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 113

Events

2018/12/07
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to adopt short-term solutions to improve the functioning of the VAT system in the context of trade between cross-border companies.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Directive (EU) 2018/1910 amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards the harmonisation and simplification of certain rules in the value added tax system for the taxation of trade between Member States.

CONTENT: Pending the future definitive VAT system, the Directive lays down certain rules to improve the day-to-day operation of the current VAT system in the following areas:

1) Call-off stocks

Call-off stock refers to the situation where, at the time of the transport of goods to another Member State, the supplier already knows the identity of the person acquiring the goods, to whom these goods will be supplied at a later stage and after they have arrived in the Member State of destination. This currently gives rise to a deemed supply (in the Member State of departure of the goods) and a deemed intra-Community acquisition (in the Member State of arrival of the goods), followed by a ‘domestic’ supply in the Member State of arrival, and requires the supplier to be identified for VAT purposes in that Member State.

To avoid this, such transactions, where they take place between two taxable persons should be, under certain conditions, considered to give rise to one exempt supply in the Member State of departure and one intra-Community acquisition in the Member State of arrival.

2) Chain operations

Chain transactions refer to successive supplies of goods which are subject to a single intra-Community transport. In order to avoid different approaches amongst Member States, which may lead to double taxation or non-taxation, and in order to enhance legal certainty for operators, a common rule should be established that, provided certain conditions are met, the transport of the goods should be attributed to one supply within the chain of transactions.

3) The VAT identification number

The inclusion of the VAT identification number of the person acquiring the goods in the VAT Information Exchange System (VIES), assigned by a Member State other than that in which the transport of the goods begins, become, in addition to the condition of transport of the goods outside the Member State of supply, a substantive condition for the application of exemption rather than a formal requirement.

4) Proof of intra-EU delivery

A common framework is established for the supporting documents necessary to apply for VAT exemption for intra-EU supplies.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 27.12.2018.

TRANSPOSITION: no later than 31.12.2019.

APPLICATION: from 1.1.2020.

2018/12/04
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
2018/12/04
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/12/04
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/11/21
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2018/10/03
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/10/03
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 536 votes to 19, with 110 abstentions, under a special legislative procedure (consultation), a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards harmonising and simplifying certain rules in the value added tax system and introducing the definitive system for the taxation of trade between Member States.

The European Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments.

Reforming the VAT system : Members stressed that the VAT gap, i.e. the difference between the amount of VAT revenue actually collected and the theoretical amount that is expected to be collected, has been increasing, reaching EUR 151.5 billion in 2015 in the EU-28. They stressed the need for an urgent and comprehensive reform of the VAT system towards a definitive VAT regime, to facilitate and simplify cross-border intra-Union trade and make the system more fraud-proof.

Certified taxable person : Parliament specified that strict criteria, applied in a harmonised way by all Member States, need to be put in place to determine which enterprises can benefit from the status of the certified taxable person, and common rules and provisions resulting in fines and penalties for those who do not comply with them should be established.

The general criteria on the basis of which Member States may certify taxable persons shall include:

the absence of any serious infringement or repeated infringements of taxation rules and customs legislation in the last three years of economic activity, the absence of any serious tax adjustment by tax administrations, or no record of serious criminal offences relating to his or her economic activity, regardless of whether the activity has taken place within the Union or elsewhere; the absence of any record of serious criminal offences relating to the economic activity of the applicant, such as, but not limited to: money laundering; tax evasion and tax fraud; abuse of Union funds and programmes; bribery and/or corruption; cybercrime; participation in a criminal organisation or in terrorist activities; evidence of the applicant's financial solvency during the last three years and the requirement for the applicant to have a bank account in a financial institution established in the Union.

The Commission shall adopt implementing acts and guidelines facilitating harmonisation and administrative cooperation between the authorities and ensuring interoperability among Member States whilst verifying the proper application by Member States of such harmonised criteria across the Union. Those guidelines shall be closely aligned to the criteria of the Authorised Economic Operator under the EU Customs Code .

The Commission shall present simplified administrative procedures for SMEs to obtain the status of certified taxable person. Information on whether an economic operator is a certified taxable person should be accessible via the VIES system.

Tax authorities of the Member States having granted the status of certified taxable person shall review that decision, at least every two years , to ensure that the conditions are still met. If the taxable person has not informed the tax authorities of any factor possibly affecting the certified taxable person status as laid out in the implementing act or has purposefully concealed it, it shall be subject to proportionate, efficient and dissuasive sanctions, including the loss of the certified taxable person status.

VAT dispute resolution mechanism : Parliament proposed that this shall be set up by 1 June 2020 to resolve disputes between Member States of claimed or filed or suspected erroneous cross-border VAT payments. The mechanism shall be composed of Member States’ competent authorities and shall be applied where the Mutual Agreement Procedure does not lead to a result within two years.

The VAT dispute resolution mechanism shall also encompass an online VAT dispute resolution platform.

Automated notification mechanism : Members proposed to set up an automated notification mechanism by 1 June 2020 . That mechanism shall ensure automatic notifications to tax payers on changes and updates to the VAT rates of Member States. This mechanism shall be based on open and standardised data formats and fields to ensure its interoperability.

One-stop shop : stressing that the one-stop shop for businesses was at the core of the new destination-based system, Members suggested that proposals to improve the current system shall include the extension of the network of mini one-stop shops to cover all services and sales of B2B goods. The one-stop shop shall operate in conjunction with a harmonised computer system between the different Member States, based on common standards and allowing automatic data extraction and entry, for example by means of standardised unified forms.

To ensure interoperability, ease of use and future fraud-proofing, the one-stop shop for businesses should operate with a harmonised cross-border IT system, based on common standards and allowing for automatic retrieval and input of data, for example, through the use of unified standard forms .

Reports : one year after the entry into force of the Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on the exemption scheme for imports from third countries and its compatibility with the European framework and on cooperation with the competent authorities of third States, in particular as regards the combating of fraud.

Two years after the entry into force of this Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on national practices as regards the imposition of administrative and criminal penalties on legal and natural persons found guilty of VAT fraud.

In keeping with the public interest and the financial interests of the Union, whistle blowers shall enjoy effective legal protection, in order to facilitate the detection and prevention of all forms of fraud.

Documents
2018/10/02
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/09/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted, following the consultation procedure, a report by Jeppe KOFOD (S&D, DK) on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards harmonising and simplifying certain rules in the value added tax system and introducing the definitive system for the taxation of trade between Member States.

As a reminder, the proposal to amend the VAT Directive is a step forward to replacing the transitional arrangements by a definitive VAT system for intra-Union B2B trade under which domestic and cross-border transactions of goods will be treated in the same way.

The proposal sets out a set of fundamental principles or ‘cornerstones’ for the future definitive VAT system, and four ‘quick fixes’ to improve the day-to-day functioning of the current VAT system, tackling the VAT identification number, chain transactions, call-off stock situations and proof of intra-Community supply.

The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament approve the Commission's proposal subject to the following amendments.

Certified taxable person : Members specified that strict criteria, applied in a harmonised way by all Member States, need to be put in place to determine which enterprises can benefit from the status of the certified taxable person, and common rules and provisions resulting in fines and penalties for those who do not comply with them should be established.

The general criteria on the basis of which Member States may certify taxable persons shall include:

the absence of any serious infringement or repeated infringements of taxation rules and customs legislation in the last three years of economic activity, the absence of any serious tax adjustment by tax administrations, or no record of serious criminal offences relating to his or her economic activity, regardless of whether the activity has taken place within the Union or elsewhere; the absence of any record of serious criminal offences relating to the economic activity of the applicant, such as, but not limited to: money laundering; tax evasion and tax fraud; abuse of Union funds and programmes; bribery and/or corruption; cybercrime; participation in a criminal organisation or in terrorist activities.

The Commission shall adopt implementing acts and guidelines facilitating harmonisation and administrative cooperation between the authorities and ensuring interoperability among Member States whilst verifying the proper application by Member States of such harmonised criteria across the Union. Those guidelines shall be closely aligned to the criteria of the Authorised Economic Operator under the EU Customs Code .

With particular focus on the higher compliance costs for SMEs, the Commission shall present simplified administrative procedures for SMEs to obtain the status of certified taxable person. Information on whether an economic operator is a certified taxable person should be accessible via the VIES system.

Tax authorities of the Member States having granted the status of certified taxable person shall review that decision, at least every two years , to ensure that the conditions are still met. If the taxable person has not informed the tax authorities of any factor possibly affecting the certified taxable person status as laid out in the implementing act or has purposefully concealed it, it shall be subject to proportionate, efficient and dissuasive sanctions, including the loss of the certified taxable person status.

VAT dispute resolution mechanism : Members proposed that this shall be set up by 1 June 2020 to resolve disputes between Member States of claimed or filed or suspected erroneous cross-border VAT payments. The mechanism shall be composed of Member States’ competent authorities and shall be applied where the Mutual Agreement Procedure does not lead to a result within two years.

The VAT dispute resolution mechanism shall also encompass an online VAT dispute resolution platform.

Automated notification mechanism : Members proposed to set up an automated notification mechanism by 1 June 2020 . That mechanism shall ensure automatic notifications to tax payers on changes and updates to the VAT rates of Member States. This mechanism shall be based on open and standardised data formats and fields to ensure its interoperability.

Reports : one year after the entry into force of the Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on the exemption scheme for imports from third countries and its compatibility with the European framework and on cooperation with the competent authorities of third States, in particular as regards the combating of fraud.

Two years after the entry into force of this Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on national practices as regards the imposition of administrative and criminal penalties on legal and natural persons found guilty of VAT fraud.

In keeping with the public interest and the financial interests of the Union, whistle blowers shall enjoy effective legal protection, in order to facilitate the detection and prevention of all forms of fraud.

Documents
2018/09/03
   EP - Vote in committee
2018/06/06
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/05/03
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/02/23
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2017/12/20
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2017/12/19
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2017/12/14
   EP - KOFOD Jeppe (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2017/12/13
   RO_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2017/10/26
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2017/10/04
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2017/10/04
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2017/10/04
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to improve the Union VAT system in the context of cross-border business-to-business (B2B) trade between Member States and to define the principles for a definitive VAT system.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

BACKGROUND: the European Commission has long-standing commitment to implementing a definitive VAT system that is well-suited to the functioning of the single market. The main idea in this regard was that doing business across the European Union should be as simple and as secure as engaging in purely domestic activities.

In its April 2016 action plan on VAT , the Commission announced, inter alia , its intention to adopt a definitive VAT system for intra-Union cross-border trade based on the principle of taxation in the Member State of destination of the goods in order to create a robust single European VAT area.

The Council reiterated its view that the principle of ‘taxation in the Member State of origin of the supply of goods or services’ should be replaced by the principle of ‘taxation in the Member State of destination’.

In its resolution of 24 November 2016, Parliament also welcomed the Commission’s intention to propose a definitive VAT system by 2017 that is simple, fair, robust, efficient and less susceptible to fraud.

On 8 November 2016, the Council stated that, while the Commission is working on the definitive VAT system for intra-Union trade, improvements to the current VAT system should be made in the meantime .

IMPACT ANALYSIS: the preferred option, chosen in the impact assessment, would reduce cross border VAT fraud by EUR 41 billion and compliance costs for businesses by EUR 1 billion.

CONTENT: this proposal to amend Directive 2006/112/EC (VAT Directive) is a step forward to replacing the transitional arrangements, applicable since 1 January 1993, by a definitive VAT system for intra-Union B2B trade under which domestic and cross-border transactions of goods will be treated in the same way.

It makes improvements to the current VAT system and lays the foundations for the definitive system for intra-Union B2B exchanges. Its main elements are:

1) Certified taxable person : the Commission proposed introducing the concept of the certified taxable person which would allow for an attestation that a particular business can globally be considered to be a reliable taxpayer . The concept is important because certain simplification rules, which could be fraud-sensitive, will apply only where a certified taxable person is involved in the relevant transaction.

The provision sets out the overall criteria on the basis of which the Member States will be able to certify taxable persons.

In parallel, a proposal to amend the Regulation on administrative cooperation is presented in order to enable the certified taxable person status of taxable persons being integrated in the VIES (VAT information and exchange system).

2) Call-off stock : the proposal provides for a simplification and uniform treatment for call-off stock arrangements in cross-border trade. The proposed solution consists in considering the call-off stock arrangements as giving rise to a single supply in the Member State of departure and to an intra-Community acquisition in the Member State where the stock is situated. This simplification is limited to certified taxable persons who will no longer need to register and pay VAT in another Member State when they store goods there.

3) VAT identification number : the proposed amendments provide as a substantive condition for the application of the exemption, that the acquirer has to be identified for VAT purposes in a Member State other than that in which dispatch or transport of the goods begins. The correct filing of the VIES listing becomes a substantive condition which can lead, where that condition is not met, to the rejection by the tax administration of an applied exemption

4) Chain transactions : VAT rules when determining the VAT treatment of chain transactions would be further harmonised . The Commission proposed that the simplification for those elements of a chain transaction which do not involve the physical movement of goods, for example when goods are sold via several traders, but physically the goods move directly from the original seller to the final buyer. This simplification is limited to certified taxable persons.

5) Definitive system for intra-Union trade : the main foundations of the new single and definitive VAT area shall be:

VAT shall be levied on cross-border business-to-business exchanges within the Union;

· the definitive VAT system for intra-Union trade is based on the principle of taxation in the Member State of destination of the supply of goods or services; of liability for VAT of the supplier, or the acquirer if he is a certified taxable person, and of a single registration scheme for the declaration, payment and deduction of the tax;

· where the person liable for VAT is not established in the Member State where the tax is due, he shall be able to settle his declaration and payment obligations via a so-called One-Stop Shop system . Use of that system shall also be possible for the deduction of input VAT.

Lastly, although at this stage not yet explicitly stipulated, the system could or should further be based on the abolition of the recapitulative statement (the so-called VIES listing), the application of the overall invoicing rules of the Member State of the supplier, and the harmonisation of certain rules related to invoicing (such as the time of issuing of invoices).

Documents

Votes

A8-0280/2018 - Jeppe Kofod - Vote unique 03/10/2018 12:37:32.000 #

2018/10/03 Outcome: +: 536, 0: 110, -: 19
DE FR ES IT RO PL GB PT SE CZ BE AT HU BG NL FI SK DK LT HR SI EL MT LU EE IE LV CY ??
Total
87
68
49
66
30
45
56
19
18
17
18
17
14
16
25
13
11
12
10
10
8
19
6
5
5
8
3
6
2
icon: PPE PPE
196

United Kingdom PPE

2

Belgium PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
172

Hungary S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands S&D

For (2)

2
3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
65

Germany ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
51

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
40

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (2)

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: ECR ECR
59

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Sweden ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Belgium ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Finland ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
28

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

For (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Austria ENF

3

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: NI NI
17

Germany NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

4

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

1

NI

2
AmendmentsDossier
67 2017/0251(CNS)
2018/06/06 ECON 67 amendments...
source: 622.095

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Economic and Financial Affairs ECOFIN meeting_id: 3659 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3659*&MEET_DATE=04/12/2018 date: 2018-12-04T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2017-10-04T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2017:0325:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2017)0325 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2017-10-04T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2017:0326:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2017)0326 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2018-05-03T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE621.119 title: PE621.119 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2018-06-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE622.095 title: PE622.095 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-11-21T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=31470&j=0&l=en title: SP(2018)755 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2017-12-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0569 title: COM(2017)0569 type: Contribution body: RO_CHAMBER
  • date: 2018-02-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0569 title: COM(2017)0569 type: Contribution body: CZ_SENATE
  • date: 2017-12-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0569 title: COM(2017)0569 type: Contribution body: RO_SENATE
  • date: 2017-12-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2017)0569 title: COM(2017)0569 type: Contribution body: DE_BUNDESRAT
events
  • date: 2017-10-04T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2017/0569/COM_COM(2017)0569_EN.pdf title: COM(2017)0569 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2017&nu_doc=0569 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to improve the Union VAT system in the context of cross-border business-to-business (B2B) trade between Member States and to define the principles for a definitive VAT system. PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion. BACKGROUND: the European Commission has long-standing commitment to implementing a definitive VAT system that is well-suited to the functioning of the single market. The main idea in this regard was that doing business across the European Union should be as simple and as secure as engaging in purely domestic activities. In its April 2016 action plan on VAT , the Commission announced, inter alia , its intention to adopt a definitive VAT system for intra-Union cross-border trade based on the principle of taxation in the Member State of destination of the goods in order to create a robust single European VAT area. The Council reiterated its view that the principle of ‘taxation in the Member State of origin of the supply of goods or services’ should be replaced by the principle of ‘taxation in the Member State of destination’. In its resolution of 24 November 2016, Parliament also welcomed the Commission’s intention to propose a definitive VAT system by 2017 that is simple, fair, robust, efficient and less susceptible to fraud. On 8 November 2016, the Council stated that, while the Commission is working on the definitive VAT system for intra-Union trade, improvements to the current VAT system should be made in the meantime . IMPACT ANALYSIS: the preferred option, chosen in the impact assessment, would reduce cross border VAT fraud by EUR 41 billion and compliance costs for businesses by EUR 1 billion. CONTENT: this proposal to amend Directive 2006/112/EC (VAT Directive) is a step forward to replacing the transitional arrangements, applicable since 1 January 1993, by a definitive VAT system for intra-Union B2B trade under which domestic and cross-border transactions of goods will be treated in the same way. It makes improvements to the current VAT system and lays the foundations for the definitive system for intra-Union B2B exchanges. Its main elements are: 1) Certified taxable person : the Commission proposed introducing the concept of the certified taxable person which would allow for an attestation that a particular business can globally be considered to be a reliable taxpayer . The concept is important because certain simplification rules, which could be fraud-sensitive, will apply only where a certified taxable person is involved in the relevant transaction. The provision sets out the overall criteria on the basis of which the Member States will be able to certify taxable persons. In parallel, a proposal to amend the Regulation on administrative cooperation is presented in order to enable the certified taxable person status of taxable persons being integrated in the VIES (VAT information and exchange system). 2) Call-off stock : the proposal provides for a simplification and uniform treatment for call-off stock arrangements in cross-border trade. The proposed solution consists in considering the call-off stock arrangements as giving rise to a single supply in the Member State of departure and to an intra-Community acquisition in the Member State where the stock is situated. This simplification is limited to certified taxable persons who will no longer need to register and pay VAT in another Member State when they store goods there. 3) VAT identification number : the proposed amendments provide as a substantive condition for the application of the exemption, that the acquirer has to be identified for VAT purposes in a Member State other than that in which dispatch or transport of the goods begins. The correct filing of the VIES listing becomes a substantive condition which can lead, where that condition is not met, to the rejection by the tax administration of an applied exemption 4) Chain transactions : VAT rules when determining the VAT treatment of chain transactions would be further harmonised . The Commission proposed that the simplification for those elements of a chain transaction which do not involve the physical movement of goods, for example when goods are sold via several traders, but physically the goods move directly from the original seller to the final buyer. This simplification is limited to certified taxable persons. 5) Definitive system for intra-Union trade : the main foundations of the new single and definitive VAT area shall be: VAT shall be levied on cross-border business-to-business exchanges within the Union; · the definitive VAT system for intra-Union trade is based on the principle of taxation in the Member State of destination of the supply of goods or services; of liability for VAT of the supplier, or the acquirer if he is a certified taxable person, and of a single registration scheme for the declaration, payment and deduction of the tax; · where the person liable for VAT is not established in the Member State where the tax is due, he shall be able to settle his declaration and payment obligations via a so-called One-Stop Shop system . Use of that system shall also be possible for the deduction of input VAT. Lastly, although at this stage not yet explicitly stipulated, the system could or should further be based on the abolition of the recapitulative statement (the so-called VIES listing), the application of the overall invoicing rules of the Member State of the supplier, and the harmonisation of certain rules related to invoicing (such as the time of issuing of invoices).
  • date: 2017-10-26T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-09-03T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-09-07T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0280&language=EN title: A8-0280/2018 summary: The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted, following the consultation procedure, a report by Jeppe KOFOD (S&D, DK) on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards harmonising and simplifying certain rules in the value added tax system and introducing the definitive system for the taxation of trade between Member States. As a reminder, the proposal to amend the VAT Directive is a step forward to replacing the transitional arrangements by a definitive VAT system for intra-Union B2B trade under which domestic and cross-border transactions of goods will be treated in the same way. The proposal sets out a set of fundamental principles or ‘cornerstones’ for the future definitive VAT system, and four ‘quick fixes’ to improve the day-to-day functioning of the current VAT system, tackling the VAT identification number, chain transactions, call-off stock situations and proof of intra-Community supply. The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament approve the Commission's proposal subject to the following amendments. Certified taxable person : Members specified that strict criteria, applied in a harmonised way by all Member States, need to be put in place to determine which enterprises can benefit from the status of the certified taxable person, and common rules and provisions resulting in fines and penalties for those who do not comply with them should be established. The general criteria on the basis of which Member States may certify taxable persons shall include: the absence of any serious infringement or repeated infringements of taxation rules and customs legislation in the last three years of economic activity, the absence of any serious tax adjustment by tax administrations, or no record of serious criminal offences relating to his or her economic activity, regardless of whether the activity has taken place within the Union or elsewhere; the absence of any record of serious criminal offences relating to the economic activity of the applicant, such as, but not limited to: money laundering; tax evasion and tax fraud; abuse of Union funds and programmes; bribery and/or corruption; cybercrime; participation in a criminal organisation or in terrorist activities. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts and guidelines facilitating harmonisation and administrative cooperation between the authorities and ensuring interoperability among Member States whilst verifying the proper application by Member States of such harmonised criteria across the Union. Those guidelines shall be closely aligned to the criteria of the Authorised Economic Operator under the EU Customs Code . With particular focus on the higher compliance costs for SMEs, the Commission shall present simplified administrative procedures for SMEs to obtain the status of certified taxable person. Information on whether an economic operator is a certified taxable person should be accessible via the VIES system. Tax authorities of the Member States having granted the status of certified taxable person shall review that decision, at least every two years , to ensure that the conditions are still met. If the taxable person has not informed the tax authorities of any factor possibly affecting the certified taxable person status as laid out in the implementing act or has purposefully concealed it, it shall be subject to proportionate, efficient and dissuasive sanctions, including the loss of the certified taxable person status. VAT dispute resolution mechanism : Members proposed that this shall be set up by 1 June 2020 to resolve disputes between Member States of claimed or filed or suspected erroneous cross-border VAT payments. The mechanism shall be composed of Member States’ competent authorities and shall be applied where the Mutual Agreement Procedure does not lead to a result within two years. The VAT dispute resolution mechanism shall also encompass an online VAT dispute resolution platform. Automated notification mechanism : Members proposed to set up an automated notification mechanism by 1 June 2020 . That mechanism shall ensure automatic notifications to tax payers on changes and updates to the VAT rates of Member States. This mechanism shall be based on open and standardised data formats and fields to ensure its interoperability. Reports : one year after the entry into force of the Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on the exemption scheme for imports from third countries and its compatibility with the European framework and on cooperation with the competent authorities of third States, in particular as regards the combating of fraud. Two years after the entry into force of this Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on national practices as regards the imposition of administrative and criminal penalties on legal and natural persons found guilty of VAT fraud. In keeping with the public interest and the financial interests of the Union, whistle blowers shall enjoy effective legal protection, in order to facilitate the detection and prevention of all forms of fraud.
  • date: 2018-10-02T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20181002&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2018-10-03T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=31470&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2018-10-03T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2018-0366 title: T8-0366/2018 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 536 votes to 19, with 110 abstentions, under a special legislative procedure (consultation), a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards harmonising and simplifying certain rules in the value added tax system and introducing the definitive system for the taxation of trade between Member States. The European Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments. Reforming the VAT system : Members stressed that the VAT gap, i.e. the difference between the amount of VAT revenue actually collected and the theoretical amount that is expected to be collected, has been increasing, reaching EUR 151.5 billion in 2015 in the EU-28. They stressed the need for an urgent and comprehensive reform of the VAT system towards a definitive VAT regime, to facilitate and simplify cross-border intra-Union trade and make the system more fraud-proof. Certified taxable person : Parliament specified that strict criteria, applied in a harmonised way by all Member States, need to be put in place to determine which enterprises can benefit from the status of the certified taxable person, and common rules and provisions resulting in fines and penalties for those who do not comply with them should be established. The general criteria on the basis of which Member States may certify taxable persons shall include: the absence of any serious infringement or repeated infringements of taxation rules and customs legislation in the last three years of economic activity, the absence of any serious tax adjustment by tax administrations, or no record of serious criminal offences relating to his or her economic activity, regardless of whether the activity has taken place within the Union or elsewhere; the absence of any record of serious criminal offences relating to the economic activity of the applicant, such as, but not limited to: money laundering; tax evasion and tax fraud; abuse of Union funds and programmes; bribery and/or corruption; cybercrime; participation in a criminal organisation or in terrorist activities; evidence of the applicant's financial solvency during the last three years and the requirement for the applicant to have a bank account in a financial institution established in the Union. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts and guidelines facilitating harmonisation and administrative cooperation between the authorities and ensuring interoperability among Member States whilst verifying the proper application by Member States of such harmonised criteria across the Union. Those guidelines shall be closely aligned to the criteria of the Authorised Economic Operator under the EU Customs Code . The Commission shall present simplified administrative procedures for SMEs to obtain the status of certified taxable person. Information on whether an economic operator is a certified taxable person should be accessible via the VIES system. Tax authorities of the Member States having granted the status of certified taxable person shall review that decision, at least every two years , to ensure that the conditions are still met. If the taxable person has not informed the tax authorities of any factor possibly affecting the certified taxable person status as laid out in the implementing act or has purposefully concealed it, it shall be subject to proportionate, efficient and dissuasive sanctions, including the loss of the certified taxable person status. VAT dispute resolution mechanism : Parliament proposed that this shall be set up by 1 June 2020 to resolve disputes between Member States of claimed or filed or suspected erroneous cross-border VAT payments. The mechanism shall be composed of Member States’ competent authorities and shall be applied where the Mutual Agreement Procedure does not lead to a result within two years. The VAT dispute resolution mechanism shall also encompass an online VAT dispute resolution platform. Automated notification mechanism : Members proposed to set up an automated notification mechanism by 1 June 2020 . That mechanism shall ensure automatic notifications to tax payers on changes and updates to the VAT rates of Member States. This mechanism shall be based on open and standardised data formats and fields to ensure its interoperability. One-stop shop : stressing that the one-stop shop for businesses was at the core of the new destination-based system, Members suggested that proposals to improve the current system shall include the extension of the network of mini one-stop shops to cover all services and sales of B2B goods. The one-stop shop shall operate in conjunction with a harmonised computer system between the different Member States, based on common standards and allowing automatic data extraction and entry, for example by means of standardised unified forms. To ensure interoperability, ease of use and future fraud-proofing, the one-stop shop for businesses should operate with a harmonised cross-border IT system, based on common standards and allowing for automatic retrieval and input of data, for example, through the use of unified standard forms . Reports : one year after the entry into force of the Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on the exemption scheme for imports from third countries and its compatibility with the European framework and on cooperation with the competent authorities of third States, in particular as regards the combating of fraud. Two years after the entry into force of this Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on national practices as regards the imposition of administrative and criminal penalties on legal and natural persons found guilty of VAT fraud. In keeping with the public interest and the financial interests of the Union, whistle blowers shall enjoy effective legal protection, in order to facilitate the detection and prevention of all forms of fraud.
  • date: 2018-12-04T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2018-12-04T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-07T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to adopt short-term solutions to improve the functioning of the VAT system in the context of trade between cross-border companies. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Directive (EU) 2018/1910 amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards the harmonisation and simplification of certain rules in the value added tax system for the taxation of trade between Member States. CONTENT: Pending the future definitive VAT system, the Directive lays down certain rules to improve the day-to-day operation of the current VAT system in the following areas: 1) Call-off stocks Call-off stock refers to the situation where, at the time of the transport of goods to another Member State, the supplier already knows the identity of the person acquiring the goods, to whom these goods will be supplied at a later stage and after they have arrived in the Member State of destination. This currently gives rise to a deemed supply (in the Member State of departure of the goods) and a deemed intra-Community acquisition (in the Member State of arrival of the goods), followed by a ‘domestic’ supply in the Member State of arrival, and requires the supplier to be identified for VAT purposes in that Member State. To avoid this, such transactions, where they take place between two taxable persons should be, under certain conditions, considered to give rise to one exempt supply in the Member State of departure and one intra-Community acquisition in the Member State of arrival. 2) Chain operations Chain transactions refer to successive supplies of goods which are subject to a single intra-Community transport. In order to avoid different approaches amongst Member States, which may lead to double taxation or non-taxation, and in order to enhance legal certainty for operators, a common rule should be established that, provided certain conditions are met, the transport of the goods should be attributed to one supply within the chain of transactions. 3) The VAT identification number The inclusion of the VAT identification number of the person acquiring the goods in the VAT Information Exchange System (VIES), assigned by a Member State other than that in which the transport of the goods begins, become, in addition to the condition of transport of the goods outside the Member State of supply, a substantive condition for the application of exemption rather than a formal requirement. 4) Proof of intra-EU delivery A common framework is established for the supporting documents necessary to apply for VAT exemption for intra-EU supplies. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 27.12.2018. TRANSPOSITION: no later than 31.12.2019. APPLICATION: from 1.1.2020. docs: title: Directive 2018/1910 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32018L1910 title: OJ L 311 07.12.2018, p. 0003 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2018:311:TOC
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/taxation-and-customs-union_en title: Taxation and Customs Union commissioner: MOSCOVICI Pierre
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activities/3/docs/0/text
  • The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted, following the consultation procedure, a report by Jeppe KOFOD (S&D, DK) on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards harmonising and simplifying certain rules in the value added tax system and introducing the definitive system for the taxation of trade between Member States.

    As a reminder, the proposal to amend the VAT Directive is a step forward to replacing the transitional arrangements by a definitive VAT system for intra-Union B2B trade under which domestic and cross-border transactions of goods will be treated in the same way.

    The proposal sets out a set of fundamental principles or ‘cornerstones’ for the future definitive VAT system, and four ‘quick fixes’ to improve the day-to-day functioning of the current VAT system, tackling the VAT identification number, chain transactions, call-off stock situations and proof of intra-Community supply. 

    The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament approve the Commission's proposal subject to the following amendments.

    Certified taxable person: Members specified that strict criteria, applied in a harmonised way by all Member States, need to be put in place to determine which enterprises can benefit from the status of the certified taxable person, and common rules and provisions resulting in fines and penalties for those who do not comply with them should be established.

    The general criteria on the basis of which Member States may certify taxable persons shall include:

    • the absence of any serious infringement or repeated infringements of taxation rules and customs legislation in the last three years of economic activity, the absence of any serious tax adjustment by tax administrations, or no record of serious criminal offences relating to his or her economic activity, regardless of whether the activity has taken place within the Union or elsewhere;
    • the absence of any record of serious criminal offences relating to the economic activity of the applicant, such as, but not limited to: money laundering; tax evasion and tax fraud; abuse of Union funds and programmes; bribery and/or corruption; cybercrime; participation in a criminal organisation or in terrorist activities.

    The Commission shall adopt implementing acts and guidelines facilitating harmonisation and administrative cooperation between the authorities and ensuring interoperability among Member States whilst verifying the proper application by Member States of such harmonised criteria across the Union. Those guidelines shall be closely aligned to the criteria of the Authorised Economic Operator under the EU Customs Code.

    With particular focus on the higher compliance costs for SMEs, the Commission shall present simplified administrative procedures for SMEs to obtain the status of certified taxable person. Information on whether an economic operator is a certified taxable person should be accessible via the VIES system.

    Tax authorities of the Member States having granted the status of certified taxable person shall review that decision, at least every two years, to ensure that the conditions are still met. If the taxable person has not informed the tax authorities of any factor possibly affecting the certified taxable person status as laid out in the implementing act or has purposefully concealed it, it shall be subject to proportionate, efficient and dissuasive sanctions, including the loss of the certified taxable person status.

    VAT dispute resolution mechanism: Members proposed that this shall be set up by 1 June 2020 to resolve disputes between Member States of claimed or filed or suspected erroneous cross-border VAT payments. The mechanism shall be composed of Member States’ competent authorities and shall be applied where the Mutual Agreement Procedure does not lead to a result within two years.

    The VAT dispute resolution mechanism shall also encompass an online VAT dispute resolution platform.

    Automated notification mechanism: Members proposed to set up an automated notification mechanism by 1 June 2020. That mechanism shall ensure automatic notifications to tax payers on changes and updates to the VAT rates of Member States. This mechanism shall be based on open and standardised data formats and fields to ensure its interoperability.

    Reports: one year after the entry into force of the Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on the exemption scheme for imports from third countries and its compatibility with the European framework and on cooperation with the competent authorities of third States, in particular as regards the combating of fraud.

    Two years after the entry into force of this Directive, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall report on national practices as regards the imposition of administrative and criminal penalties on legal and natural persons found guilty of VAT fraud.

    In keeping with the public interest and the financial interests of the Union, whistle blowers shall enjoy effective legal protection, in order to facilitate the detection and prevention of all forms of fraud.

activities/3/docs
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PAPADIMOULIS Dimitrios
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PAPADIMOULIS Dimitrios
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SCOTT CATO Molly
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SCOTT CATO Molly
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KAPPEL Barbara
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KAPPEL Barbara
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CORNILLET Thierry
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CORNILLET Thierry
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LOONES Sander
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LOONES Sander
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  • group: EPP name: MALETIĆ Ivana
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2017-12-14T00:00:00
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2017-12-14T00:00:00
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  • PURPOSE: to improve the Union VAT system in the context of cross-border business-to-business (B2B) trade between Member States and to define the principles for a definitive VAT system.

    PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

    BACKGROUND: the European Commission has long-standing commitment to implementing a definitive VAT system that is well-suited to the functioning of the single market. The main idea in this regard was that doing business across the European Union should be as simple and as secure as engaging in purely domestic activities.

    In its April 2016 action plan on VAT, the Commission announced, inter alia, its intention to adopt a definitive VAT system for intra-Union cross-border trade based on the principle of taxation in the Member State of destination of the goods in order to create a robust single European VAT area.

    The Council reiterated its view that the principle of ‘taxation in the Member State of origin of the supply of goods or services’ should be replaced by the principle of ‘taxation in the Member State of destination’.

    In its resolution of 24 November 2016, Parliament also welcomed the Commission’s intention to propose a definitive VAT system by 2017 that is simple, fair, robust, efficient and less susceptible to fraud.

    On 8 November 2016, the Council stated that, while the Commission is working on the definitive VAT system for intra-Union trade, improvements to the current VAT system should be made in the meantime.

    IMPACT ANALYSIS: the preferred option, chosen in the impact assessment, would reduce cross border VAT fraud by EUR 41 billion and compliance costs for businesses by EUR 1 billion.

    CONTENT: this proposal to amend Directive 2006/112/EC (VAT Directive) is a step forward to replacing the transitional arrangements, applicable since 1 January 1993, by a definitive VAT system for intra-Union B2B trade under which domestic and cross-border transactions of goods will be treated in the same way.

    It makes improvements to the current VAT system and lays the foundations for the definitive system for intra-Union B2B exchanges. Its main elements are:

    1) Certified taxable person: the Commission proposed introducing the concept of the certified taxable person which would allow for an attestation that a particular business can globally be considered to be a reliable taxpayer. The concept is important because certain simplification rules, which could be fraud-sensitive, will apply only where a certified taxable person is involved in the relevant transaction. 

    The provision sets out the overall criteria on the basis of which the Member States will be able to certify taxable persons.

    In parallel, a proposal to amend the Regulation on administrative cooperation is presented in order to enable the certified taxable person status of taxable persons being integrated in the VIES (VAT information and exchange system).

    2) Call-off stock: the proposal provides for a simplification and uniform treatment for call-off stock arrangements in cross-border trade. The proposed solution consists in considering the call-off stock arrangements as giving rise to a single supply in the Member State of departure and to an intra-Community acquisition in the Member State where the stock is situated. This simplification is limited to certified taxable persons who will no longer need to register and pay VAT in another Member State when they store goods there.

    3) VAT identification number: the proposed amendments provide as a substantive condition for the application of the exemption, that the acquirer has to be identified for VAT purposes in a Member State other than that in which dispatch or transport of the goods begins. The correct filing of the VIES listing becomes a substantive condition which can lead, where that condition is not met, to the rejection by the tax administration of an applied exemption

    4) Chain transactions: VAT rules when determining the VAT treatment of chain transactions would be further harmonised. The Commission proposed that the simplification for those elements of a chain transaction which do not involve the physical movement of goods, for example when goods are sold via several traders, but physically the goods move directly from the original seller to the final buyer. This simplification is limited to certified taxable persons.

    5) Definitive system for intra-Union trade: the main foundations of the new single and definitive VAT area shall be:

    VAT shall be levied on cross-border business-to-business exchanges within the Union;

    ·         the definitive VAT system for intra-Union trade is based on the principle of taxation in the Member State of destination of the supply of goods or services; of liability for VAT of the supplier, or the acquirer if he is a certified taxable person, and of a single registration scheme for the declaration, payment and deduction of the tax;

    ·         where the person liable for VAT is not established in the Member State where the tax is due, he shall be able to settle his declaration and payment obligations via a so-called One-Stop Shop system. Use of that system shall also be possible for the deduction of input VAT.

    Lastly, although at this stage not yet explicitly stipulated, the system could or should further be based on the abolition of the recapitulative statement (the so-called VIES listing), the application of the overall invoicing rules of the Member State of the supplier, and the harmonisation of certain rules related to invoicing (such as the time of issuing of invoices).

activities/1
date
2017-10-26T00:00:00
body
EP
type
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
committees
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
ECON/8/11226
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Preparatory phase in Parliament
New
Awaiting committee decision
activities/0/commission/0
DG
Commissioner
MOSCOVICI Pierre
other/0
body
EC
dg
commissioner
MOSCOVICI Pierre
activities
  • date: 2017-10-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2017/0569/COM_COM(2017)0569_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52017PC0569:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2017)0569 body: EC type: Legislative proposal published commission:
committees
  • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI
links
other
    procedure
    reference
    2017/0251(CNS)
    instrument
    Directive
    legal_basis
    Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 113
    stage_reached
    Preparatory phase in Parliament
    summary
    subtype
    Legislation
    title
    Value added tax (VAT) system: harmonising and simplifying certain rules and definitive system for the taxation of intra-Union trade
    type
    CNS - Consultation procedure
    subject
    2.70.02 Indirect taxation, VAT, excise duties