BETA


2017/2116(INI) European strategy for the promotion of protein crops - Encouraging the production of protein and leguminous plants in the European agriculture sector

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI DENANOT Jean-Paul (icon: S&D S&D) MCGUINNESS Mairead (icon: PPE PPE), DOHRMANN Jørn (icon: ECR ECR), HUITEMA Jan (icon: ALDE ALDE), ECK Stefan (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), HÄUSLING Martin (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), ZULLO Marco (icon: EFDD EFDD), LOISEAU Philippe (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion ENVI HÖLVÉNYI György (icon: PPE PPE) Jørn DOHRMANN (icon: ECR ECR), Anneli JÄÄTTEENMÄKI (icon: ALDE ALDE), Susanne MELIOR (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2018/09/10
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2018/04/17
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/04/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 542 votes to 33, with 109 abstentions, a resolution on a European strategy for the promotion of protein crops - encouraging the production of protein and leguminous plants in the European agriculture sector.

Members recalled that the EU is suffering from a major deficit in vegetable proteins due to the needs of its livestock sector, which is dependent on feed imports from third countries.

The EU devotes only 3% of its arable land to protein crops and imports over 75% of its vegetable protein supply, mainly from Brazil, Argentina and the USA. The current situation carries major risks , especially for the EU livestock sector, as price volatility on international markets has substantially increased.

In this context, Parliament proposed to implement a major European strategic plan for the production and supply of plant proteins , based on the sustainable development of all crops throughout the Union.

It called for:

the Commission to take immediate actions aimed at avoiding any reduction in the current production level of protein crops, taking into due account the environmental benefits deriving from the conventional cultivation of nitrogen-fixing crops in EFAs; the establishment of a European platform , supported by the European Crops Market Observatory to identify protein cultivation areas, determine protein production capabilities and catalogue all research done so far on proteins.

Plan’s objectives : Parliament recommended supporting, in particular under the CAP, the cultivation of soya in the EU by making it profitable and competitive, as new varieties are currently opening up fresh possibilities for some regions where the crop can adapt. It recommended that vegetable protein crops such as soya, alfalfa, broad beans, peas and crops such as clover, sainfoin and many other legumes be reintroduced into large-scale cultivation and forage systems.

The resolution also encouraged the need to:

develop local and regional protein production and processing chains by establishing groups of farmers and by creating closer links between arable crop farmers and livestock farmers; assist, via the CAP, operators taking risks by entering short supply chains for protein-based food and feed; support greater self-sufficiency of farms in animal feed at both farm and regional level and for ruminants as well as for mono-gastric animals, including through on-farm feed production; increase the profitability of these crops and to develop practices such as crop rotation (over a minimum of three years) and under-sowing for leguminous crops, and increase the mixing of varieties and crops in the pulse (clover/rape, triticale/peas etc.) and forage (grass, clovers, meslins, etc.) production sectors, in order to shift towards a more sustainable agri-food system, supporting a shift from input-intensive crop monocultures within and outside the EU towards a diversified agro ecological system; invest massively in research , particularly on crop varieties, to make protein crops more economically attractive and their production more competitive and to increase their yield.

Plan’s instruments : Members stressed that this plan calls for the mobilisation and coordination of several EU policies : the CAP; research policy; environmental and climate action policies; energy policy; the neighbourhood policy and trade policy.

It is important for the CAP to support protein crop cultivation by means of different measures such as the voluntary coupled payment – which should not be restricted to crops and regions, in difficulty in order to give scope for more action – and the greening payment, and by means of the second pillar, particularly through agro-environmental measures on organic and other types of farming, investment quality, the Farm Advisory System (FAS), training and of course innovation.

Parliament stressed the need to:

introduce new instruments to help increase the supply of plant proteins, in particular soya, and to ensure equitable implementation across all the Member States; secure autonomy in soya supplies by cooperating more closely with the EU’s neighbourhood. Members supported the establishment of transparent product labelling systems based on certified production standards, such as the Danube Soya and Europe Soya standards; adjust the second pillar of the CAP to provide better recognition of and remuneration for the contribution of crops that feed pollinators at critical times of the season (early flowering plants in spring) and their role in fighting pollinator decline.

Documents
2018/04/17
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/04/16
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/03/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted the own-initiative report by Jean-Paul DENANOT (S&D, FR) on a European strategy for the promotion of protein crops - encouraging the production of protein and leguminous plants in the European agriculture sector.

The report noted that the European Union is suffering from a major deficit in vegetable proteins due to the needs of its livestock sector which is dependent on feed imports from third countries. It is vital to reduce the Union's massive dependency on imports of protein crops, which are mainly used for animal feed. In addition to the environmental impact in soya producing regions, the current situation carries major risks especially for the EU livestock sector, as price volatility on international markets has substantially increased.

The European production of protein-rich matter rose from 24.2 to 36.3 million tonnes between 1994 and 2014, but at the same time the consumption increased from 39.7 million tonnes to 57.1 million tonnes, increasing thus the Union’s overall deficit from 15.5 to 20.8 million tonnes.

The Union devotes only 3% of its arable land to protein crops and imports more than 75% of its vegetable protein supply, mainly from Brazil, Argentina and the United States.

Overall, Members stressed that it is time to implement a major strategic European vegetable protein production and supply plan based on the sustainable development of all the crops grown throughout the EU.

They called for:

the Commission to take immediate actions aimed at avoiding any reduction in the current production level of protein crops, taking into due account the environmental benefits deriving from the conventional cultivation of nitrogen-fixing crops in EFAs; the establishment of a European platform , supported by the European Crops Market Observatory to identify protein cultivation areas, determine protein production capabilities and catalogue all research done so far on proteins. The EU should then heavily invest into integrated and targeted research to make protein crops more economically attractive and their production more competitive and to increase their yield.

Plan’s objectives : Members recommended supporting, in particular under the CAP, the cultivation of soya in the EU by making it profitable and competitive, as new varieties are currently opening up fresh possibilities for some regions where the crop can adapt.

They also encouraged the need to:

develop local and regional protein production and processing chains by establishing groups of farmers and by creating closer links between arable crop farmers and livestock farmers; assist, via the CAP, operators taking risks by entering short supply chains for protein-based food and feed; support greater self-sufficiency of farms in animal feed at both farm and regional level and for ruminants as well as for mono-gastric animals, including through on-farm feed production; increase the profitability of these crops and to develop practices such as crop rotation (over a minimum of three years) and under-sowing for leguminous crops, and increase the mixing of varieties and crops in the pulse (clover/rape, triticale/peas etc.) and forage (grass, clovers, meslins, etc.) production sectors, in order to shift towards a more sustainable agri-food system, supporting a shift from input-intensive crop monocultures within and outside the EU towards a diversified agro ecological system.

Plan’s instruments : Members stressed that this plan calls for the mobilisation and coordination of several EU policies: the CAP; research policy; environmental and climate action policies; energy policy; the neighbourhood policy and trade policy.

It is important for the CAP to support protein crop cultivation by means of different measures such as the voluntary coupled payment – which should not be restricted to crops and regions, in difficulty in order to give scope for more action – and the greening payment, and by means of the second pillar, particularly through agro-environmental measures on organic and other types of farming, investment quality, the Farm Advisory System (FAS), training and of course innovation via the EIP. The report highlighted that the introduction of a coupled payment has driven protein crop production in some Member States.

Members stressed the need to introduce new instruments to help increase the supply of plant proteins, in particular soya, and to ensure equitable implementation across all the Member States.

The report highlighted the need to secure autonomy in soya supplies by cooperating more closely with the EU’s neighbourhood. Members supported the establishment of transparent product labelling systems based on certified production standards, such as the Danube Soya and Europe Soya standards.

Lastly, Members called for adjustments to the second pillar of the CAP to provide better recognition of and remuneration for the contribution of crops that feed pollinators at critical times of the season (early flowering plants in spring) and their role in fighting pollinator decline.

Documents
2018/03/20
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2017/12/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2017/11/16
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2017/10/09
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2017/07/13
   EP - HÖLVÉNYI György (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2017/07/06
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2017/06/12
   EP - DENANOT Jean-Paul (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI

Documents

Votes

A8-0121/2018 - Jean-Paul Denanot - vote unique 17/04/2018 13:31:59.000

2018/04/17 Outcome: +: 542, 0: 109, -: 33
DE IT FR PL ES RO BE BG CZ HU PT NL AT FI SK EL IE HR DK LT SE SI GB LV LU MT EE CY ??
Total
92
57
60
46
50
28
20
17
20
19
20
24
18
13
12
19
10
11
12
10
20
8
66
7
6
5
5
6
1
icon: PPE PPE
205

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
176

Netherlands S&D

For (2)

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2
2

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Cyprus ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
29

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Austria ENF

For (1)

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
18

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

France NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

3

Denmark NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

3

NI

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
46

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Italy Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

France Verts/ALE

6

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
38

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2
AmendmentsDossier
461 2017/2116(INI)
2017/10/31 ENVI 122 amendments...
source: 612.362
2017/11/16 AGRI 339 amendments...
source: 613.513

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 2018-03-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0121&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A8-0121/2018 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2018-04-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20180416&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2018-04-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=30978&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2018-0095 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T8-0095/2018 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
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  • date: 2017-10-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE610.905 title: PE610.905 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2017-11-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE613.513 title: PE613.513 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2017-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE610.801&secondRef=02 title: PE610.801 committee: ENVI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2018-09-10T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=30978&j=0&l=en title: SP(2018)474 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2017-07-06T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-03-20T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-03-27T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0121&language=EN title: A8-0121/2018 summary: The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted the own-initiative report by Jean-Paul DENANOT (S&D, FR) on a European strategy for the promotion of protein crops - encouraging the production of protein and leguminous plants in the European agriculture sector. The report noted that the European Union is suffering from a major deficit in vegetable proteins due to the needs of its livestock sector which is dependent on feed imports from third countries. It is vital to reduce the Union's massive dependency on imports of protein crops, which are mainly used for animal feed. In addition to the environmental impact in soya producing regions, the current situation carries major risks especially for the EU livestock sector, as price volatility on international markets has substantially increased. The European production of protein-rich matter rose from 24.2 to 36.3 million tonnes between 1994 and 2014, but at the same time the consumption increased from 39.7 million tonnes to 57.1 million tonnes, increasing thus the Union’s overall deficit from 15.5 to 20.8 million tonnes. The Union devotes only 3% of its arable land to protein crops and imports more than 75% of its vegetable protein supply, mainly from Brazil, Argentina and the United States. Overall, Members stressed that it is time to implement a major strategic European vegetable protein production and supply plan based on the sustainable development of all the crops grown throughout the EU. They called for: the Commission to take immediate actions aimed at avoiding any reduction in the current production level of protein crops, taking into due account the environmental benefits deriving from the conventional cultivation of nitrogen-fixing crops in EFAs; the establishment of a European platform , supported by the European Crops Market Observatory to identify protein cultivation areas, determine protein production capabilities and catalogue all research done so far on proteins. The EU should then heavily invest into integrated and targeted research to make protein crops more economically attractive and their production more competitive and to increase their yield. Plan’s objectives : Members recommended supporting, in particular under the CAP, the cultivation of soya in the EU by making it profitable and competitive, as new varieties are currently opening up fresh possibilities for some regions where the crop can adapt. They also encouraged the need to: develop local and regional protein production and processing chains by establishing groups of farmers and by creating closer links between arable crop farmers and livestock farmers; assist, via the CAP, operators taking risks by entering short supply chains for protein-based food and feed; support greater self-sufficiency of farms in animal feed at both farm and regional level and for ruminants as well as for mono-gastric animals, including through on-farm feed production; increase the profitability of these crops and to develop practices such as crop rotation (over a minimum of three years) and under-sowing for leguminous crops, and increase the mixing of varieties and crops in the pulse (clover/rape, triticale/peas etc.) and forage (grass, clovers, meslins, etc.) production sectors, in order to shift towards a more sustainable agri-food system, supporting a shift from input-intensive crop monocultures within and outside the EU towards a diversified agro ecological system. Plan’s instruments : Members stressed that this plan calls for the mobilisation and coordination of several EU policies: the CAP; research policy; environmental and climate action policies; energy policy; the neighbourhood policy and trade policy. It is important for the CAP to support protein crop cultivation by means of different measures such as the voluntary coupled payment – which should not be restricted to crops and regions, in difficulty in order to give scope for more action – and the greening payment, and by means of the second pillar, particularly through agro-environmental measures on organic and other types of farming, investment quality, the Farm Advisory System (FAS), training and of course innovation via the EIP. The report highlighted that the introduction of a coupled payment has driven protein crop production in some Member States. Members stressed the need to introduce new instruments to help increase the supply of plant proteins, in particular soya, and to ensure equitable implementation across all the Member States. The report highlighted the need to secure autonomy in soya supplies by cooperating more closely with the EU’s neighbourhood. Members supported the establishment of transparent product labelling systems based on certified production standards, such as the Danube Soya and Europe Soya standards. Lastly, Members called for adjustments to the second pillar of the CAP to provide better recognition of and remuneration for the contribution of crops that feed pollinators at critical times of the season (early flowering plants in spring) and their role in fighting pollinator decline.
  • date: 2018-04-16T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20180416&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2018-04-17T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=30978&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2018-04-17T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2018-0095 title: T8-0095/2018 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 542 votes to 33, with 109 abstentions, a resolution on a European strategy for the promotion of protein crops - encouraging the production of protein and leguminous plants in the European agriculture sector. Members recalled that the EU is suffering from a major deficit in vegetable proteins due to the needs of its livestock sector, which is dependent on feed imports from third countries. The EU devotes only 3% of its arable land to protein crops and imports over 75% of its vegetable protein supply, mainly from Brazil, Argentina and the USA. The current situation carries major risks , especially for the EU livestock sector, as price volatility on international markets has substantially increased. In this context, Parliament proposed to implement a major European strategic plan for the production and supply of plant proteins , based on the sustainable development of all crops throughout the Union. It called for: the Commission to take immediate actions aimed at avoiding any reduction in the current production level of protein crops, taking into due account the environmental benefits deriving from the conventional cultivation of nitrogen-fixing crops in EFAs; the establishment of a European platform , supported by the European Crops Market Observatory to identify protein cultivation areas, determine protein production capabilities and catalogue all research done so far on proteins. Plan’s objectives : Parliament recommended supporting, in particular under the CAP, the cultivation of soya in the EU by making it profitable and competitive, as new varieties are currently opening up fresh possibilities for some regions where the crop can adapt. It recommended that vegetable protein crops such as soya, alfalfa, broad beans, peas and crops such as clover, sainfoin and many other legumes be reintroduced into large-scale cultivation and forage systems. The resolution also encouraged the need to: develop local and regional protein production and processing chains by establishing groups of farmers and by creating closer links between arable crop farmers and livestock farmers; assist, via the CAP, operators taking risks by entering short supply chains for protein-based food and feed; support greater self-sufficiency of farms in animal feed at both farm and regional level and for ruminants as well as for mono-gastric animals, including through on-farm feed production; increase the profitability of these crops and to develop practices such as crop rotation (over a minimum of three years) and under-sowing for leguminous crops, and increase the mixing of varieties and crops in the pulse (clover/rape, triticale/peas etc.) and forage (grass, clovers, meslins, etc.) production sectors, in order to shift towards a more sustainable agri-food system, supporting a shift from input-intensive crop monocultures within and outside the EU towards a diversified agro ecological system; invest massively in research , particularly on crop varieties, to make protein crops more economically attractive and their production more competitive and to increase their yield. Plan’s instruments : Members stressed that this plan calls for the mobilisation and coordination of several EU policies : the CAP; research policy; environmental and climate action policies; energy policy; the neighbourhood policy and trade policy. It is important for the CAP to support protein crop cultivation by means of different measures such as the voluntary coupled payment – which should not be restricted to crops and regions, in difficulty in order to give scope for more action – and the greening payment, and by means of the second pillar, particularly through agro-environmental measures on organic and other types of farming, investment quality, the Farm Advisory System (FAS), training and of course innovation. Parliament stressed the need to: introduce new instruments to help increase the supply of plant proteins, in particular soya, and to ensure equitable implementation across all the Member States; secure autonomy in soya supplies by cooperating more closely with the EU’s neighbourhood. Members supported the establishment of transparent product labelling systems based on certified production standards, such as the Danube Soya and Europe Soya standards; adjust the second pillar of the CAP to provide better recognition of and remuneration for the contribution of crops that feed pollinators at critical times of the season (early flowering plants in spring) and their role in fighting pollinator decline.
  • date: 2018-04-17T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
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  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/agriculture-and-rural-development_en title: Agriculture and Rural Development commissioner: HOGAN Phil
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  • 3.10.06 Crop products in general, floriculture
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3.10.06
Crop products in general, floriculture
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  • url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2018-0095 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T8-0095/2018
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  • group: EPP name: HÖLVÉNYI György
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  • group: EPP name: HÖLVÉNYI György
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    • body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: MCGUINNESS Mairead group: ECR name: DOHRMANN Jørn group: ALDE name: HUITEMA Jan group: GUE/NGL name: ECK Stefan group: EFD name: ZULLO Marco group: ENF name: LOISEAU Philippe responsible: True committee: AGRI date: 2017-06-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: S&D name: DENANOT Jean-Paul
    • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
    links
    other
      procedure
      reference
      2017/2116(INI)
      title
      European strategy for the promotion of protein crops - Encouraging the production of protein and leguminous plants in the European agriculture sector
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      Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
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      Preparatory phase in Parliament
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      INI - Own-initiative procedure
      subject
      3.10.06 Crop products in general, floriculture