BETA


2017/2260(INI) European semester for economic policy coordination: employment and social aspects in the annual growth survey 2018

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead EMPL HETMAN Krzysztof (icon: PPE PPE) LÓPEZ Javi (icon: S&D S&D), TREBESIUS Ulrike (icon: ECR ECR), TOOM Yana (icon: ALDE ALDE), KUNEVA Kostadinka (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), LAMBERT Jean (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BIZZOTTO Mara (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion CULT WARD Julie (icon: S&D S&D) Nikolaos CHOUNTIS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), María Teresa GIMÉNEZ BARBAT (icon: ALDE ALDE), Helga TRÜPEL (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2018/08/30
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2018/03/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/03/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 544 votes to 141, with 2 abstentions a resolution on the European Semester for economic policy coordination: employment and social aspects in the Annual Growth Survey 2018.

The Annual Growth Survey of 2018 shows the positive signs of recovery of Europe’s economy with stable economic growth, falling rates of unemployment and improvement in investment and public finances. In the second quarter of 2017 there were record 235.4 million people in employment (representing an employment rate of 72.3% and progress towards reaching the 75 % employment rate target specified in the Europe 2020 strategy).

However, substantial differences remain between Member States in terms of employment rates. Youth unemployment remains a concern while problems persist with regard to poverty and social exclusion and the ageing population. Some Member States face structural difficulties in the labour market, such as low participation rates and inadequate skills and qualifications.

Parliament stressed the need for socially and economically balanced structural reforms aimed at the realisation of the Social Triple A by improving inclusive labour market and social policies which address the needs of workers and vulnerable groups.

Members considered that the European Semester should support the development of its 20 key principles regarding equal opportunities , access to the labour market, fair working conditions and social protection and inclusion, which should serve as a point of reference and a recommendation when implementing the European Semester policy coordination cycle.

Members made recommendations to the Commission and the Member States:

Poverty alleviation : although a certain amount of progress in reducing poverty and social exclusion can be observed, there are still disadvantaged groups in society, and an unacceptable 119 million Europeans at risk of poverty or social exclusion, of whom more than 25 million are children (more than 1 in 4 of all children in the EU). Parliament called for increased commitment to fight poverty, especially for children. It called on the Member States and the Commission, within the existing rules of the Stability and Growth Pact, to allow room for public social investment and, where it may be needed, for greater investment in social infrastructure and support for those hit hardest.

Concerned about rising inequalities in the EU and its Member States and the increasing share of part-time and full-time workers at risk of poverty, Members called for increased efforts to improve the situation of these people. They stressed that the integration of the long-term unemployed through individually tailor-made measures was essential to combat poverty and social exclusion.

Member States should further help those out of work by providing affordable, accessible and quality support services for job search, training and requalification, while protecting those unable to participate. Parliament recalled that growth in real wages , as a result of increased productivity, is crucial for tackling inequalities.

Youth unemployment : although a slight improvement in the youth unemployment rate can be observed, it still remains disturbingly high at 16.6 % (18.7 % in the euro area). In 2016 there were still 6.3 million young people aged 15-24 not in employment, education or training (NEETs).

Members are particularly concerned about the number of NEETs and early school leavers remaining high in several countries. While welcoming the increase in funding for the Youth Employment Initiative (which receives an additional EUR 2.4 billion for the period 2017-2020), Parliament suggested granting more funding at Union level and requested that Member States ensure that the Youth Guarantee is open to all, including vulnerable persons.

Members called on the Commission, through the European Social Fund (ESF), European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) and the European Semester, to strengthen its efforts to support comprehensive public policies in the Member States, by focusing on delivering smoother transitions into work from education and (long-term) unemployment. They called for efforts to be made to invest in quality, affordable education and training , while stressing the urgency of developing digital skills in order to achieve a skilled and mobile workforce in growing sectors.

Member States should support apprenticeship programmes and make full use of the Erasmus+ funding available for trainees in order to guarantee the quality of training of this kind and make it attractive.

Working conditions : Members called for improving the quality of work, both in terms of working conditions, health and safety and in terms of wages, to provide a decent living and family planning. They stressed the importance of tackling undeclared work effectively, by involving social partners and imposing appropriate fines.

Member States are called on to take all the necessary measures, in line with the principle of subsidiarity, to improve the services and legislation that are important for a proper work-life balance and for gender equality. They called for the development of accessible, quality and affordable childcare and early education services, as well as care services for those reliant on care.

Support for SMEs : the resolution emphasised the potential of SMEs and social enterprises in creating jobs. The social economy sector represents two million enterprises (almost 10% of the total number of enterprises in the Union) and employs more than 14 million people. Members proposed improving the business environment by removing some administrative burdens by facilitating access to finance and supporting the development of tax models and simplified tax compliance procedures.

Demographic decline : the population of the European Union is aging (almost 20% of the European population is over 65 years old, and it is estimated that this rate should reach 25% by 2050). Members considered that the demographic decline, which affects all regions of the EU, requires a holistic approach which should include the adaptation of the necessary infrastructure, quality employment with decent wages and the enhancement of public services and voluntary flexible working arrangements, which should go hand-in-hand with adequate job security and accessible social protection.

Elderly and disabled : 80 million Europeans are disabled. Members proposed setting targets on care for elderly persons, persons with disabilities and other dependants, similar to the Barcelona targets, with monitoring tools to ensure that they are met. The Commission and Member States are called on to look towards qualitative standards for all care services and develop a clear strategy and strong investment to develop modern, high-quality community-based services and to increase support for caregivers, especially family carers.

Documents
2018/03/14
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/03/13
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/03/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted an own-initiative report by Krzysztof HETMAN (EPP, PL) on the European Semester for economic policy coordination: employment and social aspects in the Annual Growth Survey 2018.

The Annual Growth Survey of 2018 shows the positive signs of recovery of Europe’s economy with stable economic growth, falling rates of unemployment and improvement in investment and public finances. In the second quarter of 2017 there were record 235.4 million people in employment (representing an employment rate of 72.3% and progress towards reaching the 75 % employment rate target specified in the Europe 2020 strategy).

The youth unemployment rate of 16.6 % (18.7 % in the euro area) remains at a concerning level. In 2016, there were still 6.3 million young people aged 15-24 not in employment, education or training (NEETs).

Poverty and social exclusion rates are declining but some problems persist: disadvantaged social groups remain with an unacceptable total of 119 million Europeans at risk of poverty, including 25 million children (more than one in four of all children in EU).

While welcoming the annual review of 2018 growth and the integrated European social rights pillar, Members stressed the need for socially and economically balanced structural reforms aimed at the realisation of the Social Triple A by improving inclusive labour market and social policies which address the needs of workers and vulnerable groups.

Members considered that the European Semester should support the development of its 20 key principles regarding equal opportunities, access to the labour market, fair working conditions and social protection and inclusion , which should serve as a point of reference and a recommendation when implementing the European Semester policy coordination cycle.

Members made recommendations to the Commission and the Member States:

Poverty alleviation : the report called for increased commitment to fight poverty, especially for children. It called on the Member States and the Commission, within the existing rules of the Stability and Growth Pact, to allow room for public social investment and, where it may be needed, for greater investment in social infrastructure and support for those hit hardest.

Concerned about rising inequalities in the EU and its Member States and the increasing share of part-time and full-time workers at risk of poverty, Members called for increased efforts to improve the situation of these people. They stressed that the integration of the long-term unemployed through individually tailor-made measures was essential to combat poverty and social exclusion.

Youth unemployment : Members are particularly concerned about the number of NEETs and early school leavers remaining high in several countries. While welcoming the increase in funding for the Youth Employment Initiative (which receives an additional EUR 2.4 billion for the period 2017-2020), the report suggested granting more funding at Union level and requested that Member States ensure that the Youth Guarantee is open to all, including vulnerable persons.

Members called on the Commission, through the European Social Fund (ESF), European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) and the European Semester, to strengthen its efforts to support comprehensive public policies in the Member States, by focusing on delivering smoother transitions into work from education and (long-term) unemployment. They called for efforts to be made to invest in quality, affordable education and training , while stressing the urgency of developing digital skills in order to achieve a skilled and mobile workforce in growing sectors.

Working conditions : Members called for improving the quality of work, both in terms of working conditions, health and safety and in terms of wages, to provide a decent living and family planning. They stressed the importance of tackling undeclared work effectively, by involving social partners and imposing appropriate fines.

Support for SMEs : the report emphasised the potential of SMEs and social enterprises in creating jobs. The social economy sector represents two million enterprises (almost 10% of the total number of enterprises in the Union) and employs more than 14 million people. Members proposed improving the business environment by removing some administrative burdens by facilitating access to finance and supporting the development of tax models and simplified tax compliance procedures.

Demographic decline : the population of the European Union is aging (almost 20% of the European population is over 65 years old, and it is estimated that this rate should reach 25% by 2050). Members considered that the demographic decline, which affects all regions of the EU, requires a holistic approach which should include the adaptation of the necessary infrastructure, quality employment with decent wages and the enhancement of public services and voluntary flexible working arrangements, which should go hand-in-hand with adequate job security and accessible social protection.

Elderly and disabled : 80 million Europeans are disabled. Members proposed setting targets on care for elderly persons, persons with disabilities and other dependants, similar to the Barcelona targets, with monitoring tools to ensure that they are met. The Commission and Member States are called on to look towards qualitative standards for all care services and develop a clear strategy and strong investment to develop modern, high-quality community-based services and to increase support for caregivers, especially family carers.

Documents
2018/02/27
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/02/27
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/01/22
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2017/12/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2017/12/08
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2017/12/08
   CSL - Council Meeting
2017/12/04
   EP - WARD Julie (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2017/11/28
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2017/10/25
   EP - HETMAN Krzysztof (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL

Documents

Votes

A8-0052/2018 - Krzysztof Hetman - Am 3 14/03/2018 13:20:14.000

2018/03/14 Outcome: +: 377, -: 275, 0: 27
FR IT PT ES EL IE GB DK CY LU DE BE SE LT MT LV RO EE AT SI HU HR FI SK BG CZ NL PL
Total
66
63
19
47
18
8
64
12
6
5
89
21
16
10
6
7
32
5
17
8
16
11
12
9
17
21
25
47
icon: S&D S&D
172

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For (1)

1

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2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Hungary S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

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3

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For (1)

1

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1

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3

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2

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1

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43

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2

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1

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4

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3

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2

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icon: PPE PPE
198

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2

A8-0052/2018 - Krzysztof Hetman - Am 4 14/03/2018 13:20:56.000

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 364, +: 300, 0: 13
IT ES EL FR CY DE LU PT SK MT LV AT IE HR LT RO EE DK HU SI FI BG CZ BE SE NL GB PL
Total
64
47
17
68
6
90
4
19
8
6
7
17
8
11
11
30
5
12
16
8
12
16
21
21
17
24
64
46
icon: S&D S&D
172

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

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1

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2

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1

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2

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3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

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2

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4

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2

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1
icon: NI NI
16

Germany NI

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1

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1

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1

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3

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1

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40

Germany EFDD

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1

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
33

Germany ENF

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4

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1

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icon: ALDE ALDE
66
4

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

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1

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1

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1

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3

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3

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1

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icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

2

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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2

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2
icon: PPE PPE
196

Greece PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

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4

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1

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United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0052/2018 - Krzysztof Hetman - Am 6 14/03/2018 13:21:46.000

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 366, +: 302, 0: 12
IT EL PT ES CY IE LU SE DE MT FI HU AT SI DK LT SK RO LV EE HR CZ BE BG NL GB FR PL
Total
63
20
19
48
6
6
5
17
89
6
13
15
17
8
12
11
9
30
7
5
11
20
21
17
25
63
68
47
icon: S&D S&D
172

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Hungary S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Denmark S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

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1

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2

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3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

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1

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1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

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For (1)

1

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2

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3

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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1

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1

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icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
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4

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2

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icon: NI NI
16

Germany NI

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
40

Sweden EFDD

2

Germany EFDD

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1

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1

Czechia EFDD

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
33

Germany ENF

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1

Belgium ENF

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1

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

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1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

2

Greece ECR

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1

Cyprus ECR

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

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2
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Portugal ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

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1

Luxembourg ALDE

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1
4

Slovenia ALDE

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1

Denmark ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

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2

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1
icon: PPE PPE
200

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

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3

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1

Estonia PPE

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1

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0052/2018 - Krzysztof Hetman - Am 7 14/03/2018 13:21:58.000

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 372, +: 284, 0: 17
IT ES PT EL CY LU IE LV LT MT SI AT HR DE FI RO EE SK BE CZ DK HU SE BG NL GB FR PL
Total
61
48
19
20
6
5
7
7
9
5
8
16
11
89
13
30
5
8
21
20
12
15
17
17
25
65
67
45
icon: S&D S&D
167

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Malta S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Hungary S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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2

Sweden Verts/ALE

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2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

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2

Finland GUE/NGL

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1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

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1

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For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
39

Lithuania EFDD

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1

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1

Czechia EFDD

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1

Sweden EFDD

2

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
16

Germany NI

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1

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1

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1
3

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
33

Germany ENF

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1

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1

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4

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1

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icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Portugal ALDE

1

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1

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1

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3

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1

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2
4

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3

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3

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3

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1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Italy ECR

2

Greece ECR

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1

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1

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1

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Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
197

Cyprus PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Ireland PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

2

Finland PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0052/2018 - Krzysztof Hetman - Am 8 14/03/2018 13:22:45.000

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 351, +: 305, 0: 15
IT PT ES EL CY IE LU LT MT FI SE DE AT DK HR RO SK LV EE CZ SI BE HU NL BG GB FR PL
Total
62
18
46
19
6
8
5
10
6
13
17
86
17
12
11
29
9
7
5
18
8
21
16
25
17
65
66
47
icon: S&D S&D
169

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Denmark S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Belgium S&D

Against (1)

4

Hungary S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
40

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
16

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark NI

1

Romania NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

3

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
32

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
65

Portugal ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

3
4

Denmark ALDE

Against (1)

3

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Romania ALDE

For (1)

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Czechia ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Italy ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
195

Cyprus PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Lithuania PPE

2

Finland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

For (1)

4

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0052/2018 - Krzysztof Hetman - Am 1 14/03/2018 13:23:14.000

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 584, +: 84, 0: 7
LU EE IE CY MT LV LT SI HU SK DK EL HR FI PT SE CZ AT BG BE NL RO FR GB IT PL ES DE
Total
5
5
8
6
6
7
10
8
15
9
12
18
10
13
18
17
20
17
17
21
24
30
67
65
63
47
47
88
icon: EFDD EFDD
40

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
33

Austria ENF

Abstain (1)

4

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

For (1)

1

Poland ENF

1

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Hungary NI

2

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

Romania NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

Against (1)

3

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (2)

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Against (1)

4

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1