BETA


2017/2275(INI) Towards an EU external strategy against early and forced marriages - next steps

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET GOERENS Charles (icon: ALDE ALDE) ZAMMIT DIMECH Francis (icon: PPE PPE), POST Soraya (icon: S&D S&D), MOBARIK Baroness Nosheena (icon: ECR ECR), BUCHNER Klaus (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), CORRAO Ignazio (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion FEMM AIUTO Daniela (icon: EFDD EFDD) Eleonora FORENZA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Arne GERICKE (icon: ECR ECR), Angelika MLINAR (icon: ALDE ALDE), Liliana RODRIGUES (icon: S&D S&D), Mylène TROSZCZYNSKI (icon: ENF ENF)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2018/07/04
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/07/04
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted, by 556 votes to 63, with 61 abstentions, a resolution entitled ‘towards an EU external strategy against early and forced marriages - next steps’.

Child, early and forced marriages are a serious violation of human rights and, in particular, women’s rights and have an extremely negative impact on the physical and mental health and personal development of the individuals concerned. The Istanbul Convention classifies forced marriage as a form of violence against women, and calls for the acts of forcing a child to enter into a marriage and of luring a child abroad with the purpose of forcing her or him to enter into a marriage to be criminalised.

This problem exists not only in third countries, but in some Member States. Eliminating these practices is one of the priorities for the EU’s external action in the field of promoting women’s rights and human rights.

Minimum age for marriage : although some EU Member States allow marriage at 16 years with parental consent, Members called on legislators, both in the EU Member States and in third countries, to set the minimum uniform age for marriage at 18 years and to adopt necessary administrative, legal and financial measures to ensure effective implementation of this requirement, for example by promoting the registration of marriages and births and by ensuring that girls have access to institutional support mechanisms including psycho-social counselling.

Tackling the root causes : Members stressed the importance of tackling the multiple causes of child, early and forced marriages, including harmful traditions, endemic poverty, conflicts, customs, stereotypes, a lack of regard for gender equality and women’s and girls’ rights, the lack of appropriate educational opportunities, weak legal and policy responses with special attention to children from disadvantaged communities. They called, in that regard, for the EU and its Member States to meet the objectives of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda to combat harmful practices, such as female genital mutilation, more effectively and to hold those responsible to account. They supported increased funding from the EU and its Member States via development aid mechanisms which promote gender equality and education, in order to improve access to education for girls and women and strengthen opportunities for them to participate in community development and in economic and political leadership, with a view to addressing the causes of child, early and forced marriages.

Banning : Member States which have not already done so are called on to include a complete ban on child, early and forced marriages in their domestic legislation and to enforce penal law and to ratify the Istanbul Convention. They stressed the importance of adequate and long-term support, for shelters for women and refugees and unaccompanied and displaced children, so that no-one is denied protection due to lack of resources.

Strategic Pact : Parliament has encouraged the European Union, in the context of its foreign and development cooperation policies, to offer a strategic pact to its partners and, to that end, require that:

all partner countries prohibit child marriage, early marriage and forced marriage and develop comprehensive legal frameworks and action plans with clear milestones and timelines; the resources necessary to achieve this objective are mobilised and that the level of public development aid allocation to government authorities is made dependent on the recipient country’s commitment to complying, in particular, with the requirements on human rights, including in the fight against child, early and forced marriage; the implementation of these programmes build on the relevant conventions and texts, as well as the specific goals and targets adopted by the UN General Assembly Resolution of 25 September 2015 in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular Goal 3 (‘Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages’) and Goal 5 of the SDGs (‘Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls’), including access to family planning and the full range of public and universal sexual and reproductive health rights, in particular modern contraception and safe and legal abortion for girls; issues relating to child, early, and forced marriages are raised in the ongoing dialogue between EU Special Representative for Human Rights and third countries.

Members called on the Commission to guarantee migrant women and girls an autonomous residence permit which is not dependent on the status of their spouse or partner, in particular for victims of physical and psychological violence.

Awareness raising : the Commission is called on to set up a European database, including information from third countries, to monitor forced marriage and to initiate a wide ranging awareness-raising campaign and to dedicate a European year to the fight against child, early and forced marriages.

Documents
2018/07/04
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/07/02
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/05/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Charles GOERENS (ALDE, LU) entitled ‘towards an EU external strategy against early and forced marriages - next steps’.

Child, early and forced marriages are a serious violation of human rights and, in particular, women’s rights and have an extremely negative impact on the physical and mental health and personal development of the individuals concerned. The Istanbul Convention classifies forced marriage as a form of violence against women, and calls for the acts of forcing a child to enter into a marriage and of luring a child abroad with the purpose of forcing her or him to enter into a marriage to be criminalised .

This problem exists not only in third countries, but in some Member States. Eliminating these practices is one of the priorities for the EU’s external action in the field of promoting women’s rights and human rights.

Minimum age for marriage : although some EU Member States allow marriage at 16 years with parental consent, Members called on legislators, both in the EU Member States and in third countries, to set the minimum uniform age for marriage at 18 years and to adopt necessary administrative, legal and financial measures to ensure effective implementation of this requirement, for example by promoting the registration of marriages and births and by ensuring that girls have access to institutional support mechanisms including psycho-social counselling.

Tackling the root causes : Members stressed the importance of tackling the multiple causes of child, early and forced marriages, including harmful traditions, endemic poverty, conflicts, customs, stereotypes, a lack of regard for gender equality and women’s and girls’ rights, the lack of appropriate educational opportunities, weak legal and policy responses with special attention to children from disadvantaged communities. They called, in that regard, for the EU and its Member States to meet the objectives of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda to combat harmful practices, such as female genital mutilation, more effectively and to hold those responsible to account. They supported increased funding from the EU and its Member States via development aid mechanisms which promote gender equality and education, in order to improve access to education for girls and women and strengthen opportunities for them to participate in community development and in economic and political leadership, with a view to addressing the causes of child, early and forced marriages.

Banning : Member States which have not already done so are called on to include a complete ban on child, early and forced marriages in their domestic legislation and to enforce penal law and to ratify the Istanbul Convention. They stressed the importance of adequate and long-term support, for shelters for women and refugees and unaccompanied and displaced children, so that no-one is denied protection due to lack of resources.

Awareness raising : the Commission is called on to set up a European database , including information from third countries, to monitor forced marriage and to initiate a wide ranging awareness-raising campaign and to dedicate a European year to the fight against child, early and forced marriages.

The EU is called, in the context of its foreign and development cooperation policies, to offer a strategic pact to its partners with a view to preventing and eradicating child, early and forced marriages.

Documents
2018/05/16
   EP - Vote in committee
2018/04/18
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/03/09
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/02/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/01/18
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2017/11/22
   EP - AIUTO Daniela (EFDD) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM
2017/10/18
   EP - GOERENS Charles (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0187/2018 - Charles Goerens - résolution 04/07/2018 12:00:09.000

2018/07/04 Outcome: +: 556, -: 63, 0: 61
DE IT ES GB FR RO PT BE BG SE AT HU NL EL FI DK CZ PL IE HR SI LU LV LT CY EE SK ?? MT
Total
94
64
45
59
70
29
20
21
17
16
16
17
24
19
12
12
19
45
10
11
8
6
6
9
5
6
12
1
6
icon: S&D S&D
180
3

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
196

United Kingdom PPE

2

Sweden PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Croatia PPE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

5
5

Luxembourg PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: ECR ECR
64

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1
2

Czechia ECR

1

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

3
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
16

Germany NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (2)

3

France NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

1

NI

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
32

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Poland ENF

2
AmendmentsDossier
333 2017/2275(INI)
2018/03/05 FEMM 101 amendments...
source: 618.326
2018/03/08 AFET 232 amendments...
source: 619.117

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 2018-05-16T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: ZAMMIT DIMECH Francis group: S&D name: POST Soraya group: ECR name: MOBARIK Baroness Nosheena group: Verts/ALE name: BUCHNER Klaus group: EFD name: CORRAO Ignazio responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2017-10-18T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GOERENS Charles body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2017-11-22T00:00:00 committee_full: Women’s Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: EFD name: AIUTO Daniela
  • date: 2018-05-24T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0187&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A8-0187/2018 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
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docs
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  • date: 2018-03-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE619.117 title: PE619.117 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-04-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE616.622&secondRef=03 title: PE616.622 committee: FEMM type: Committee opinion body: EP
events
  • date: 2018-01-18T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-05-16T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-05-24T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0187&language=EN title: A8-0187/2018 summary: The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Charles GOERENS (ALDE, LU) entitled ‘towards an EU external strategy against early and forced marriages - next steps’. Child, early and forced marriages are a serious violation of human rights and, in particular, women’s rights and have an extremely negative impact on the physical and mental health and personal development of the individuals concerned. The Istanbul Convention classifies forced marriage as a form of violence against women, and calls for the acts of forcing a child to enter into a marriage and of luring a child abroad with the purpose of forcing her or him to enter into a marriage to be criminalised . This problem exists not only in third countries, but in some Member States. Eliminating these practices is one of the priorities for the EU’s external action in the field of promoting women’s rights and human rights. Minimum age for marriage : although some EU Member States allow marriage at 16 years with parental consent, Members called on legislators, both in the EU Member States and in third countries, to set the minimum uniform age for marriage at 18 years and to adopt necessary administrative, legal and financial measures to ensure effective implementation of this requirement, for example by promoting the registration of marriages and births and by ensuring that girls have access to institutional support mechanisms including psycho-social counselling. Tackling the root causes : Members stressed the importance of tackling the multiple causes of child, early and forced marriages, including harmful traditions, endemic poverty, conflicts, customs, stereotypes, a lack of regard for gender equality and women’s and girls’ rights, the lack of appropriate educational opportunities, weak legal and policy responses with special attention to children from disadvantaged communities. They called, in that regard, for the EU and its Member States to meet the objectives of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda to combat harmful practices, such as female genital mutilation, more effectively and to hold those responsible to account. They supported increased funding from the EU and its Member States via development aid mechanisms which promote gender equality and education, in order to improve access to education for girls and women and strengthen opportunities for them to participate in community development and in economic and political leadership, with a view to addressing the causes of child, early and forced marriages. Banning : Member States which have not already done so are called on to include a complete ban on child, early and forced marriages in their domestic legislation and to enforce penal law and to ratify the Istanbul Convention. They stressed the importance of adequate and long-term support, for shelters for women and refugees and unaccompanied and displaced children, so that no-one is denied protection due to lack of resources. Awareness raising : the Commission is called on to set up a European database , including information from third countries, to monitor forced marriage and to initiate a wide ranging awareness-raising campaign and to dedicate a European year to the fight against child, early and forced marriages. The EU is called, in the context of its foreign and development cooperation policies, to offer a strategic pact to its partners with a view to preventing and eradicating child, early and forced marriages.
  • date: 2018-07-02T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20180702&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2018-07-04T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=31155&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2018-07-04T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2018-0292 title: T8-0292/2018 summary: The European Parliament adopted, by 556 votes to 63, with 61 abstentions, a resolution entitled ‘towards an EU external strategy against early and forced marriages - next steps’. Child, early and forced marriages are a serious violation of human rights and, in particular, women’s rights and have an extremely negative impact on the physical and mental health and personal development of the individuals concerned. The Istanbul Convention classifies forced marriage as a form of violence against women, and calls for the acts of forcing a child to enter into a marriage and of luring a child abroad with the purpose of forcing her or him to enter into a marriage to be criminalised. This problem exists not only in third countries, but in some Member States. Eliminating these practices is one of the priorities for the EU’s external action in the field of promoting women’s rights and human rights. Minimum age for marriage : although some EU Member States allow marriage at 16 years with parental consent, Members called on legislators, both in the EU Member States and in third countries, to set the minimum uniform age for marriage at 18 years and to adopt necessary administrative, legal and financial measures to ensure effective implementation of this requirement, for example by promoting the registration of marriages and births and by ensuring that girls have access to institutional support mechanisms including psycho-social counselling. Tackling the root causes : Members stressed the importance of tackling the multiple causes of child, early and forced marriages, including harmful traditions, endemic poverty, conflicts, customs, stereotypes, a lack of regard for gender equality and women’s and girls’ rights, the lack of appropriate educational opportunities, weak legal and policy responses with special attention to children from disadvantaged communities. They called, in that regard, for the EU and its Member States to meet the objectives of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda to combat harmful practices, such as female genital mutilation, more effectively and to hold those responsible to account. They supported increased funding from the EU and its Member States via development aid mechanisms which promote gender equality and education, in order to improve access to education for girls and women and strengthen opportunities for them to participate in community development and in economic and political leadership, with a view to addressing the causes of child, early and forced marriages. Banning : Member States which have not already done so are called on to include a complete ban on child, early and forced marriages in their domestic legislation and to enforce penal law and to ratify the Istanbul Convention. They stressed the importance of adequate and long-term support, for shelters for women and refugees and unaccompanied and displaced children, so that no-one is denied protection due to lack of resources. Strategic Pact : Parliament has encouraged the European Union, in the context of its foreign and development cooperation policies, to offer a strategic pact to its partners and, to that end, require that: all partner countries prohibit child marriage, early marriage and forced marriage and develop comprehensive legal frameworks and action plans with clear milestones and timelines; the resources necessary to achieve this objective are mobilised and that the level of public development aid allocation to government authorities is made dependent on the recipient country’s commitment to complying, in particular, with the requirements on human rights, including in the fight against child, early and forced marriage; the implementation of these programmes build on the relevant conventions and texts, as well as the specific goals and targets adopted by the UN General Assembly Resolution of 25 September 2015 in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular Goal 3 (‘Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages’) and Goal 5 of the SDGs (‘Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls’), including access to family planning and the full range of public and universal sexual and reproductive health rights, in particular modern contraception and safe and legal abortion for girls; issues relating to child, early, and forced marriages are raised in the ongoing dialogue between EU Special Representative for Human Rights and third countries. Members called on the Commission to guarantee migrant women and girls an autonomous residence permit which is not dependent on the status of their spouse or partner, in particular for victims of physical and psychological violence. Awareness raising : the Commission is called on to set up a European database, including information from third countries, to monitor forced marriage and to initiate a wide ranging awareness-raising campaign and to dedicate a European year to the fight against child, early and forced marriages.
  • date: 2018-07-04T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
other
    procedure/Modified legal basis
    Old
    Rules of Procedure EP 150
    New
    Rules of Procedure EP 159
    procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
    Old
    AFET/8/11770
    New
    • AFET/8/11770
    procedure/legal_basis/0
    Rules of Procedure EP 54
    procedure/legal_basis/0
    Rules of Procedure EP 52
    procedure/subject
    Old
    • 4.10.09 Women condition and rights
    • 6.10.09 Human rights situation in the world
    New
    4.10.09
    Women condition and rights
    6.10.09
    Human rights situation in the world
    activities/0
    date
    2018-01-18T00:00:00
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
    activities/1/committees
    • body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: ZAMMIT DIMECH Francis group: S&D name: POST Soraya group: ECR name: MOBARIK Baroness Nosheena group: Verts/ALE name: BUCHNER Klaus group: EFD name: CORRAO Ignazio responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2017-10-18T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GOERENS Charles
    • body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2017-11-22T00:00:00 committee_full: Women’s Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: EFD name: AIUTO Daniela
    activities/1/type
    Old
    Vote scheduled in committee, 1st reading/single reading
    New
    Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
    activities/2
    date
    2018-05-24T00:00:00
    docs
    url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0187&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A8-0187/2018
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
    activities/3/docs
    • url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20180702&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament
    activities/3/type
    Old
    Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
    New
    Debate in Parliament
    activities/4
    date
    2018-07-04T00:00:00
    docs
    url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2018-0292 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T8-0292/2018
    body
    EP
    type
    Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    procedure/Modified legal basis
    Rules of Procedure EP 150
    procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
    AFET/8/11770
    procedure/legal_basis/0
    Old
    Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
    New
    Rules of Procedure EP 52
    procedure/stage_reached
    Old
    Preparatory phase in Parliament
    New
    Procedure completed
    committees/0/shadows/0
    group
    EPP
    name
    ZAMMIT DIMECH Francis
    activities
    • date: 2018-05-16T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote scheduled in committee, 1st reading/single reading
    • date: 2018-07-02T00:00:00 body: EP type: Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
    • body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: POST Soraya group: ECR name: MOBARIK Baroness Nosheena group: Verts/ALE name: BUCHNER Klaus group: EFD name: CORRAO Ignazio responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2017-10-18T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GOERENS Charles
    • body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2017-11-22T00:00:00 committee_full: Women’s Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: EFD name: AIUTO Daniela
    links
    other
      procedure
      reference
      2017/2275(INI)
      title
      Towards an EU external strategy against early and forced marriages - next steps
      legal_basis
      Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
      stage_reached
      Preparatory phase in Parliament
      subtype
      Initiative
      type
      INI - Own-initiative procedure
      subject