BETA


2017/2284(INI) Implementation of Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI GUTELAND Jytte (icon: S&D S&D) FLORENZ Karl-Heinz (icon: PPE PPE), DOHRMANN Jørn (icon: ECR ECR), HUITEMA Jan (icon: ALDE ALDE), HÄUSLING Martin (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), PEDICINI Piernicola (icon: EFDD EFDD), MÉLIN Joëlle (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion AGRI RIBEIRO Sofia (icon: PPE PPE) Julie GIRLING (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2019/07/17
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/02/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/02/12
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/02/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 546 votes to 79 with 36 abstentions a resolution on the implementation of Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides.

National Actions Plans (NAPs)

Parliament noted that the Commission's 2017 progress report identifies significant gaps in the National Action Plans (NAPs) of Member States, suggesting a lower commitment to protecting the environment and health in some countries, possibly resulting in unfair market competition and an undermining of the single market. Members reserved the right to refer non-compliant Member States to the Commissioner for competition. They were concerned by the fact that the NAPs are inconsistent as regards the establishment of quantitative objectives, targets, measures and timetables for the various action areas, making it impossible to assess the progress made. They regretted that only five NAPs set high-level measurable targets, of which four relate to risk reduction and only one to use reduction. Only 11 Member States have produced a revised NAP to date, although the deadline for revision was the end of 2017.

Reduction of farm’s dependency

Parliament stressed that the CAP in its current form does not sufficiently encourage and incentivise the reduction of farms’ dependency on pesticides and the uptake of organic production techniques. Whilst specific policy instruments in the post-2020 CAP are required in order to help change farmers’ behaviour as regards pesticide use, Parliament deplored the fact that the Commission proposal on the new post-2020 CAP does not incorporate the principle of integrated pest management (IPM) in the statutory management requirements of that proposal, stressing that lack of linkage between the directive and the new CAP model will effectively hamper the reduction of pesticide dependency. The resolution highlighted the need to fund agro-ecological methods that make the whole farming system more resilient to pests, noting that the best pesticide volume reductions are likely to arise from systemic changes that reduce susceptibility to pest attack, favour structural and biological diversity over monocultures and continuous cropping, and reduce pest resistance to active ingredients.

Members also noted that EFSA’s latest report on pesticide residues in food showed that 97.2 % of samples throughout Europe were within the legal limits under the EU legislation, which bears witness to an extremely rigorous and safe food production system.

Key recommendations

Members called on the Member States to:

- adhere to the established timelines for delivering revised NAPs and to deliver clear quantitative targets and a measurable overall objective of an immediate and long-term effective reduction in pesticide use;

- strictly follow the ban on imports of prohibited pesticides into the EU from third countries , and to increase controls on imported food;

- move forward with the adoption and implementation of harmonised risk indicators as recently proposed by the Commission, in order to properly monitor the reduction impacts of pesticides;

The Commission is called on to:

- deliver on its commitment under the 7th Environment Action Programme to put forward a Union strategy for a non-toxic environment that is conducive to innovation and the development of sustainable substitutes, including non-chemical solutions;

- establish a system for the regular collection of statistical data on pesticide use, impacts of occupational and non-occupational exposure to pesticides on human and animal health, and presence of pesticide residues in the environment, especially in soil and water;

- set up a pan-European Platform on Sustainable Pesticides Use that would bring together sectorial stakeholders and representatives at local and regional level so as to facilitate information-sharing and exchange of best practices in reducing pesticides use;

- immediately prohibit the use of pesticides with active substances that are mutagenic, carcinogenic, or toxic for reproduction, or have endocrine-disrupting characteristics and are damaging to humans or animals;

- take a risk-based approach to the management and use of commonly used plant protection products that is justified by independent, peer-reviewed scientific evidence.

Members called on the Commission and the Member States to:

- place greater emphasis on the promotion of the development, research, registration and marketing of low-risk and biological alternatives, including by increasing funding opportunities within Horizon Europe and the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027;

- promote research programmes aimed at determining the impacts of pesticide use on human health, taking into account the full range of toxicological effects, including immunotoxicity, endocrine disruption and neurodevelopmental toxicity, and focusing on the effects of prenatal exposure to pesticides on children's health;

- no longer allow the use of PPPs in areas used by the general public or vulnerable groups;

- ensure that the ‘polluter pays’ principle is fully implemented and effectively enforced as regards the protection of water resources.

- place greater emphasis on further investment and research into the development and uptake of precision and digital farming technologies in order to render PPPs more efficient and thus significantly reduce pesticide dependency, as per the aims of the Directive.

Documents
2019/02/12
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/01/30
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the own-initiative report by Jytte GUTELAND (S&D, SE) on the implementation of Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides.

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development, exercising its prerogative as an associated committee in accordance with Rule 54 of the Rules of Procedure, also gave its opinion on the report.

Overall, Members regretted that, despite efforts made, the overall degree of progress in implementation by the Member States is insufficient to meet the Directive’s main objectives and to unlock its full potential to reduce the overall risks deriving from pesticide use.

The Commission's 2017 progress report identifies significant gaps in the National Action Plans (NAPs) of Member States, suggesting a lower commitment to protecting the environment and health in some countries. They regretted that only 11 Member States have produced a revised NAP to date, although the deadline for revision was the end of 2017.

The report stressed that the CAP in its current form does not sufficiently encourage and incentivise the reduction of farms’ dependency on pesticides and the uptake of organic production techniques. It considered that specific policy instruments in the post-2020 CAP are required in order to help change farmers’ behaviour as regards pesticide use.

On the other hand, Members noted that EFSA’s latest report on pesticide residues in food showed that 97.2 % of samples throughout Europe were within the legal limits under the EU legislation, which bears witness to an extremely rigorous and safe food production system.

Key recommendations

Members called on the Member States to:

- complete the implementation of the Directive without further delay;

- adhere to the established timelines for delivering revised NAPs and to deliver clear quantitative targets and a measurable overall objective of an immediate and long-term effective reduction in pesticide use;

- strictly follow the ban on imports of prohibited pesticides into the EU from third countries;

- move forward with the adoption and implementation of harmonised risk indicators as recently proposed by the Commission, in order to properly monitor the reduction impacts of pesticides;

The Commission is called on to:

- develop guidance on all the integrated pest management principles and their implementation;

- deliver on its commitment under the 7th Environment Action Programme to put forward a Union strategy for a non-toxic environment that is conducive to innovation and the development of sustainable substitutes, including non-chemical solutions;

- establish a fully operational and transparent system for the regular collection of statistical data on pesticide use, impacts of occupational and non-occupational exposure to pesticides on human and animal health, and presence of pesticide residues in the environment, especially in soil and water;

- set up a pan-European Platform on Sustainable Pesticides Use that would bring together sectorial stakeholders and representatives at local and regional level so as to facilitate information-sharing and exchange of best practices in reducing pesticides use;

- immediately prohibit the use of pesticides with active substances that are mutagenic, carcinogenic, or toxic for reproduction, or have endocrine-disrupting characteristics and are damaging to humans or animals;

- take a risk-based approach to the management and use of commonly used plant protection products that is justified by independent, peer-reviewed scientific evidence.

Members called on the Commission and the Member States to:

- place greater emphasis on the promotion of the development, research, registration and marketing of low-risk and biological alternatives, including by increasing funding opportunities within Horizon Europe and the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027;

- promote research programmes aimed at determining the impacts of pesticide use on human health, taking into account the full range of toxicological effects, including immunotoxicity, endocrine disruption and neurodevelopmental toxicity, and focusing on the effects of prenatal exposure to pesticides on children's health;

- no longer allow the use of PPPs in areas used by the general public or vulnerable groups;

- ensure that the ‘polluter pays’ principle is fully implemented and effectively enforced as regards the protection of water resources.

Documents
2019/01/22
   EP - Vote in committee
2018/11/27
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/21
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/10/10
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/01/18
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2018/01/18
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2017/12/12
   EP - RIBEIRO Sofia (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2017/11/07
   EP - GUTELAND Jytte (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0045/2019 - Jytte Guteland - Am 6/1 #

2019/02/12 Outcome: +: 428, -: 228, 0: 15
PL ES IT FR CZ DE HU BG NL BE IE FI HR PT EL SK LT GB RO SI LV LU EE ?? DK AT CY MT SE
Total
48
50
63
68
20
88
17
15
25
19
9
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62
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8
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17
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A8-0045/2019 - Jytte Guteland - Am 6/2 #

2019/02/12 Outcome: +: 347, -: 299, 0: 16
PL HU BG CZ FR SK ES RO HR NL GB FI SI LT LU LV EE IE DK BE MT CY ?? SE PT AT DE EL IT
Total
48
17
15
18
69
11
48
26
10
25
62
11
7
10
6
8
2
9
13
19
5
1
3
17
19
17
88
16
60
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A8-0045/2019 - Jytte Guteland - Am 7/1 #

2019/02/12 Outcome: +: 417, -: 238, 0: 17
PL ES FR CZ IT DE HU BG NL BE IE SK GB LT RO LV HR PT SI FI LU EE DK AT CY ?? EL MT SE
Total
48
49
69
20
63
89
17
15
25
19
9
12
62
10
26
8
10
20
8
11
6
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A8-0045/2019 - Jytte Guteland - Am 7/2 #

2019/02/12 Outcome: +: 353, -: 297, 0: 19
PL HU BG CZ SK RO HR SI NL GB ES FI LT LU LV EE IE FR DK CY MT BE ?? SE PT AT DE IT EL
Total
48
17
15
20
12
26
10
8
25
62
49
11
10
6
8
2
9
69
13
1
6
19
3
17
20
17
86
62
16
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A8-0045/2019 - Jytte Guteland - Am 1 #

2019/02/12 Outcome: -: 328, +: 316, 0: 28
PL CZ BG HR SI SK HU LV LT RO LU FI EE NL IE DK GB MT CY ?? DE ES SE PT AT BE EL IT FR
Total
48
20
15
10
8
12
16
8
10
26
6
12
2
25
9
13
62
6
1
3
89
49
17
20
17
19
16
62
69
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United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

3

NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2

France NI

2
icon: ENF ENF
33

Poland ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

3

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Austria ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

EFDD

2

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
46

Czechia GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
166

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Malta S&D

3

Belgium S&D

3

A8-0045/2019 - Jytte Guteland - § 18 #

2019/02/12 Outcome: +: 332, -: 277, 0: 57
FR GB IT BE PT SE EL FI DK AT LT NL BG LV DE CY ?? RO LU HR EE MT IE SI CZ SK HU ES PL
Total
68
60
61
19
20
17
16
12
13
17
10
25
14
8
87
1
3
26
6
10
2
6
9
8
20
11
17
50
48
icon: S&D S&D
162

Greece S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

3

Slovakia S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
46

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE