BETA


2018/0064(COD) European Labour Authority

Progress: Procedure completed, awaiting publication in Official Journal

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead EMPL LENAERS Jeroen (icon: PPE PPE) PIRINSKI Georgi (icon: S&D S&D), TREBESIUS Ulrike (icon: ECR ECR), HARKIN Marian (icon: ALDE ALDE), KARI Rina Ronja (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), MÉLIN Joëlle (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion BUDG GEIER Jens (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Opinion TRAN DELLI Karima (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion JURI DZHAMBAZKI Angel (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion LIBE PAVEL Emilian (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion FEMM SOLÉ Jordi (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Legal Basis Opinion JURI LEBRETON Gilles (icon: ENF ENF)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 046, TFEU 048, TFEU 053-p1, TFEU 062, TFEU 091-p1

Events

2019/06/20
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2019/06/20
   CSL - Final act signed
2019/06/20
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/06/13
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2019/06/13
   CSL - Council Meeting
2019/04/16
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/04/16
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 472 votes to 142 with 39 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Labour Authority.

Parliament’s position adopted in first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Purpose and tasks

The Authority shall contribute to ensuring fair labour mobility across the Union and assist Member States and the Commission in the coordination of social security systems within the Union. To that end, the Authority shall:

- facilitate access to information on rights and obligations regarding labour mobility across the Union as well as to relevant services;

- facilitate and enhance cooperation between Member States in the enforcement of relevant Union law across the Union , including facilitating concerted and joint inspections;

- mediate and facilitate a solution in cases of cross-border disputes between Member States; and

- support cooperation between Member States in tackling undeclared work.

The Authority must carry out its activities in the areas of labour mobility across the Union and social security coordination, including the freedom of movement for workers, the posting of workers, and highly mobile services.

The scope of activities of the Authority covers specific Union legal acts listed in the Regulation, including all directives, regulations, and decisions based on those acts, and of any further legally binding Union act which confers tasks on the Authority.

The Regulation shall not in any way affect the exercise of fundamental rights as recognised in the Member States and at Union level, including the right or freedom to strike, the right to negotiate, conclude and enforce collective agreements, or to take collective action in accordance with national law or practice.

Coordination of EURES

The Authority shall manage the European Coordination Office of EURES in order to support Member States in providing services to individuals and employers through EURES, such as cross-border matching of job, traineeship, and apprenticeship vacancies with CVs, thus facilitating labour mobility across the Union.

Coordination and support of concerted and joint inspections

At the request of one or more Member States, the Authority shall coordinate and support concerted or joint inspections in the areas within the Authority's competence. It may also, on its own initiative, suggest to the authorities of the Member States concerned that they carry out a concerted or joint inspection.

Concerted and joint inspections shall be subject to the agreement of the Member States concerned. Social partner organisations at national level may bring cases to the attention of the Authority.

In accordance with the principle of sincere cooperation, Member States shall endeavour to participate in concerted or joint inspections. In the event that one or more Member States decide not to participate in the concerted or joint inspection, the national authorities of the other Member States shall carry out such an inspection only in the participating Member States. Member States that decide not to participate shall keep information about such an inspection confidential.

European Platform to enhance cooperation in tackling undeclared work

The Authority shall also enhance cooperation between Member States in tackling undeclared work, and other situations that put at risk the proper functioning of the internal market, such as letterbox entities and bogus self-employment, without prejudice to the competence of Member States to decide on national measures. The Platform established by the Authority shall encourage cooperation between Member States through: (i) exchanging best practices and information; (ii) developing expertise and analysis; (iii) encouraging and facilitating innovative approaches to effective cross-border cooperation; (iv) contributing to a horizontal understanding of matters relating to undeclared work.

Mediation between Member States

The Authority may facilitate a solution in the case of a dispute between two or more Member States regarding individual cases of application of Union law in areas covered by the Regulation, without prejudice to the powers of the Court of Justice. The purpose shall be to reconcile divergent points of view between the Member States that are party to the dispute and to adopt a non-binding opinion.

The Authority shall launch a mediation procedure upon request of one or more of the Member States concerned and may also suggest launching a mediation procedure on its own initiative. Mediation shall be conducted only with the agreement of all Member States that are party to the dispute.

Organisation

The Management Board shall be composed of: (i) one member from each Member State; (ii) two members representing the Commission; (iii) one independent expert appointed by the European Parliament; (iv) four members, representing cross-industry social partner organisations at Union level, with an equal representation of trade union and employer organisations.

A representative of Eurofound, a representative of EU-OSHA, a representative of Cedefop and a representative of the European Training Foundation may be invited to participate as observers in the meetings of the Management Board in order to enhance the efficiency of the agencies and the synergies between them.

Documents
2019/03/23
   FR_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2019/03/07
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2019/02/26
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2019/02/20
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2019/02/13
   EP - Committee Legal Basis Opinion
2018/12/06
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/11/26
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted the report by Jeroen LENAERS (EPP, NL) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Labour Authority.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Objective and tasks : Members proposed to clearly define the Authority's objective by focusing on a limited number of tasks so that the means available are used as efficiently as possible in areas where the Authority can provide the greatest added value.

To this end, the Authority shall assist the Member States and the Commission in matters relating to the application and enforcement of Union law in the area of labour mobility in the framework of the free movement of workers and the freedom to provide services in the internal market. It shall strengthen access to information, compliance and cooperation between Member States in order to ensure effective and consistent application and enforcement of Union law in this area and mediate and facilitate a solution in case of disputes between Member States concerning this law.

The Authority shall carry out activities in the area of labour mobility in the framework of the freedom of movement for workers and the freedom to provide services in the internal market and social security coordination, including posting of workers and highly mobile services and access to social rights and benefits. It shall also enhance cooperation between Member States in tackling undeclared work and in situations where the proper functioning of the internal market is at risk because of, inter alia, letter box companies, fraudulent companies or the phenomenon of bogus self-employment.

The Authority shall, inter alia :

provide a single Union-wide website in all official languages of the Union acting as a single portal for the purpose of accessing all relevant Union and national information sources and services on labour mobility; facilitate cooperation between the competent national authorities designated in accordance with Directive 2014/54/EU to provide information, guidance and assistance to individuals and employers in the area of labour mobility within the internal market, and the national contact points designated in accordance with Directive 2011/24/EU to provide information on healthcare.

This Regulation shall not in any way affect the exercise of fundamental rights as recognised in the Member States and at Union level. Nor does it affect the right to negotiate, to conclude and enforce collective agreements.

Coordination of concerted and joint inspections : the Authority may also, on its own initiative, suggest to the authorities of the Member States concerned that they perform a concerted or joint inspection.

Member States shall, when requested, aim to reach an agreement to participate in concerted or joint inspections. Where a Member State considers that there are valid reasons for not agreeing to participate it shall, within 1 month of the request, provide the Authority with reasons for its decision, submit any additional information on the nature of the issue in question to the Authority, and suggest a possible resolution of the case under consideration.

The Authority may ask any Member State not participating in a concerted or joint inspection to carry out its own inspection on a voluntary basis, in order to detect any irregularities and report its findings to the Authority.

Officials from another Member State and from the Authority participating in concerted or joint inspections shall have the same powers as national officials in accordance with the national legislation of the concerned Member State.

Member States shall ensure that the information collected during concerted or joint inspections may be used as evidence in legal proceedings in the Member States concerned.

Organisation : in addition to a high-level representative from each Member State and two representatives of the Commission, the Management Board shall include six representatives of the social partners at Union level, equally representing employers' organisations and trade unions, as well as three independent experts appointed by the European Parliament after having verified that there is no conflict of interest.

The stakeholder group shall be composed of two representatives of the Commission and ten representatives of Union-level social partners equally representing trade unions and employer’s organisations, including recognised Union sectoral social partners representing sectors particularly concerned by labour mobility issues.

Documents
2018/11/20
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/11/20
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2018/11/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/11/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/23
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/09
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/10/09
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/03
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/09/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/09/19
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/07/19
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/07/19
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/07/19
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/07/19
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/06/22
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/06/20
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/06/18
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/06/13
   SE_PARLIAMENT - Reasoned opinion
Documents
2018/06/08
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/05/22
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/05/18
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/05/17
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/05/15
   PL_SEJM - Contribution
Documents
2018/05/15
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/04/30
   PL_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/04/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/03/28
   EP - Responsible Committee
2018/03/21
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/03/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/03/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/03/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/03/13
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish a European Labour Authority to support the free movement of workers and services and to contribute to ensuring fairness in the internal market.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: cross-border labour mobility has notably increased in recent years. In 2017, 17 million European citizens lived or worked in a Member State other than that of their nationality. This figure almost doubled compared to a decade ago.

Postings have increased by 68% from 2010 to 2.3 million in 2016. There are 1.4 million EU citizens commuting to work in another Member State. There are also over 2 million workers in the road transport sector who cross intra-EU borders on a daily basis to transport goods or passengers.

The European Pillar of Social Rights – proclaimed jointly by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission at the Social Summit in Gothenburg on 17 November 2017 - sets out a number of key principles and rights to support fair and well-functioning labour markets and welfare systems. Ensuring fair labour mobility in Europe is central to this objective.

As outlined in their Joint Declaration on the legislative priorities for 2018-2019, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission are committed to taking action to reinforce the social dimension of the Union , by working on improving the coordination of social security systems, by protecting workers from health risks in the workplace, by ensuring fair treatment for all in the Union labour market through modernised rules on posting of workers, and by further improving cross-border enforcement of the Union law.

In this context, the Commission proposes the creation of a "European Labour Authority" to ensure that EU rules on worker mobility are observed in a fair, simple and effective manner.

This initiative will complement and facilitate the implementation of ongoing initiatives aimed at ensuring fair mobility, including through the revision of the Posting of Workers Directive and of the lex specialis on the posting of workers in international road transport operations and the modernisation of EU provisions on the coordination of social security systems.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: three policy options were considered for the proposed Authority, these being a support option, an operational option, and a supervisory option.

The operational option to be performed through a new Authority that builds on existing EU level mobility bodies turned out to be the most effective way to meet the objectives of the initiative.

CONTENT: the proposal for a regulation aims at setting up a European Labour Authority, in the form of a decentralised EU agency , to help individuals, businesses and national administrations to make the most of the opportunities offered by free movement and to ensure a level playing field for workers' mobility.

The Authority has three objectives:

1. facilitate access for individuals and employers to information on their rights and obligations as well as to relevant services. The Authority will provide information on employment, learning, mobility, recruitment and training opportunities, as well as guidance on the rights and obligations of those who live, work or are engaged in cross-border activities in another EU Member State;

2. support operational cooperation between authorities to ensure cross-border compliance with the relevant Union law, including facilitating the organisation of joint inspections. For example, the Authority will help to improve the exchange of information, support capacity building in national administrations, and assist them in carrying out joint inspections. The objectives are to enhance mutual trust between the actors, to improve day-to-day cooperation and to prevent possible fraud and abuse;

3. propose mediation and facilitate the search for solutions in the event of disputes between national authorities and cross-border disruptions of the labour market such as restructuring of companies affecting several Member States.

The new Authority will pool technical and operational tasks of existing EU bodies into a permanent structure with a view to achieving improved and more efficient output In this context, the Authority will take over the management of the EURES European Coordination Office and replace: (i) the Technical Committee on the Free Movement of Workers; (ii) the Committee of Experts on Posting of Workers; (iii) he Technical Commission, the Audit Board, and the Conciliation Board of the Administrative Commission for the Coordination of Social Security Systems; (iv) replace the European Platform on tackling undeclared work.

The Authority will benefit all those subject to Union rules in the field of cross-border mobility of labour and the coordination of social security, specifically, workers, whether employed or not, or any other citizen of the Union or a third-country national legally residing in the Union and in a cross-border situation.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the total budgetary cost for the EU of the Authority is estimated at EUR 50.9 million per year at cruising speed (which should be reached by 2023). As regards staff numbers, the Authority would need 69 establishment plan posts, 60 seconded national experts and 15 contract agents.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0391/2018 - Jeroen Lenaers - Décision d'engager des négociations interinstitionnelles 11/12/2018 12:12:01.000

2018/12/11 Outcome: +: 459, -: 160, 0: 41
DE IT ES RO FR BG PT BE AT CZ HR EL LT LU EE IE FI SI MT DK SK CY LV NL ?? SE HU GB PL
Total
89
63
46
28
70
17
18
19
17
19
9
18
10
6
6
8
11
8
6
12
10
6
5
21
1
16
18
59
43
icon: S&D S&D
170

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Finland S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
197

Lithuania PPE

Against (1)

3

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
5

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Latvia PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Germany ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Czechia ALDE

4

Croatia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

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1

Slovenia ALDE

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1

Latvia ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
42

Italy Verts/ALE

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1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

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3

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For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Italy GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

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1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
33

Germany EFDD

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
19

Germany NI

2

France NI

2

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1

NI

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2

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3
icon: ENF ENF
31

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1

Belgium ENF

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3

Poland ENF

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1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

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2

Czechia ECR

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1

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Greece ECR

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Lithuania ECR

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1

Finland ECR

2

Denmark ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

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1

Latvia ECR

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1

Netherlands ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

A8-0391/2018 - Jeroen Lenaers - Am 104 16/04/2019 12:38:52.000

2019/04/16 Outcome: +: 472, -: 142, 0: 39
DE ES IT RO FR PL BE BG PT FI SK HR LT SI LU EE LV IE NL AT MT CZ DK SE CY HU GB EL
Total
93
52
55
30
68
45
21
13
18
11
12
10
9
7
6
6
8
8
24
17
6
20
11
18
1
16
57
11
icon: S&D S&D
163

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

For (2)

2

Malta S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
191

Lithuania PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Austria PPE

For (1)

Against (1)

5

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

Greece PPE

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Romania ALDE

3

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

Estonia ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Czechia ALDE

4

Denmark ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

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1

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2

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1

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1

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For (1)

1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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3

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1

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3

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1

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5
icon: NI NI
16

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2

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1

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3

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Abstain (1)

2

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3
icon: EFDD EFDD
31

Germany EFDD

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1

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1

Czechia EFDD

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1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Italy GUE/NGL

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3

France GUE/NGL

3

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3

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (2)

3

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3

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1

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1

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Abstain (1)

1

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Abstain (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
32

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Austria ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
66

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

A8-0391/2018 - Jeroen Lenaers - Am 104

2019/04/16 Outcome: +: 472, -: 142, 0: 39
DE ES IT RO FR PL BE BG PT FI SK HR LT SI LU EE LV IE NL AT MT CZ DK SE ?? CY HU GB EL
Total
93
50
54
30
68
45
21
13
18
11
12
10
9
7
6
6
8
8
24
17
6
20
11
17
2
1
16
56
11
icon: S&D S&D
163

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

For (2)

2

Malta S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
191

Lithuania PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Austria PPE

For (1)

Against (1)

5

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

Greece PPE

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Romania ALDE

3

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Czechia ALDE

4

Denmark ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: NI NI
16

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

France NI

3

Poland NI

Abstain (1)

2

NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

3
icon: EFDD EFDD
31

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Italy GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

France GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (2)

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
32

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Austria ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
66

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
1727 2018/0064(COD)
2018/07/13 BUDG 99 amendments...
source: 623.878
2018/07/19 EMPL 1035 amendments...