BETA


Events

2019/04/30
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/04/25
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to combat unfair trade practices in the food supply chain.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive (EU) 2019/633 of the European Parliament and of the Council on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the agricultural and food supply chain.

CONTENT: the Directive establishes a minimum list of prohibited unfair trading practices in relations between buyers and suppliers in the agricultural and food supply chain and lays down minimum rules concerning the enforcement of those prohibitions and arrangements for coordination between enforcement authorities.

Its objective is to prevent the weaker bargaining position of small and medium-sized farmers from being exploited by large operators and also to avoid the costs of such practices from being passed on to primary producers.

The new rules would protect small and medium-sized suppliers with an annual turnover not exceeding EUR 350 million. These suppliers would be divided into five sub-categories (for turnover of less than two million, 10 million, 50 million, 150 million and 350 million EUR).

Prohibition of unfair trading practices

The Directive prohibits the most obvious unfair trading practices, namely:

late payments for perishable products (payments made more than 30 days after delivery); cancellations of last minute orders (notified within less than 30 days) concerning perishable products; unilateral or retroactive changes to supply agreements; the buyer's request to the supplier to pay for the deterioration or loss of agricultural and food products at the buyer's premises or after the transfer of ownership to the buyer; the buyer's refusal to confirm in writing the terms of a supply agreement between the buyer and the supplier on which the supplier has requested written confirmation; the misuse by the buyer of confidential information; the threat of the buyer to take commercial retaliation actions against the supplier if the supplier exercises its contractual or legal rights; a claim for compensation from the supplier for the cost incurred in investigating customer complaints relating to the sale of the supplier's products despite the absence of negligence or fault on the part of the supplier.

Member States shall ensure that at least all the following trading practices are prohibited, unless they have been previously agreed in clear and unambiguous terms in the supply agreement or in a subsequent agreement between the supplier and the buyer:

the buyer returns unsold agricultural and food products to the supplier without paying for those unsold products or without paying for the disposal of those products, or both; the supplier is charged payment as a condition for stocking, displaying or listing its agricultural and food products, or of making such products available on the market; the buyer charges the supplier for staff for fitting-out premises used for the sale of the supplier's products.

Each Member State shall designate one or more authorities to enforce the prohibitions at national level (‘enforcement authority’), and shall inform the Commission of that designation.

Complaints and confidentiality

Suppliers may address complaints either to the enforcement authority of the Member State in which the supplier is established or to the enforcement authority of the Member State in which the buyer that is suspected to have engaged in a prohibited trading practice is established. The enforcement authority to which the complaint is addressed shall be competent to enforce the prohibitions.

Member States shall ensure that, where the complainant so requests, the enforcement authority shall take the necessary measures for the appropriate protection of the identity of the complainant or the members or suppliers and for the appropriate protection of any other information in respect of which the complainant considers that the disclosure of such information would be harmful to the interests of the complainant or of those members or suppliers. The complainant shall identify any information for which it requests confidentiality.

Powers of the competent authorities

Member States' enforcement authorities should have the necessary powers and expertise to (i) carry out investigations, (ii) collect factual information, (iii) carry out unannounced on-site inspections, (iv) order the cessation of a prohibited practice, where appropriate, and (iv) impose fines and other equally effective sanctions and take provisional measures against the author of the infringement.

Member States may promote the voluntary use of effective and independent alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.

Lastly, Member States shall ensure that enforcement authorities cooperate effectively with each other and with the Commission and assist each other in investigations with a cross-border dimension.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 30.4.2019.

TRANSPOSITION: 1.5.2021.

APPLICATION: from 1.11.2021.

2019/04/17
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2019/04/17
   CSL - Final act signed
2019/04/17
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/04/09
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2019/04/09
   CSL - Council Meeting
2019/03/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 589 votes to 72 with 9 abstentions a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on unfair commercial practices in business-to-business relations in the food supply chain.

The position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure has amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Protecting producers from unfair trade practices

Within the agricultural and food supply chain, significant imbalances between the bargaining power of suppliers of agricultural and food products and that of buyers of these products are frequent.

In order to combat practices that depart from good commercial conduct, are contrary to good faith and loyalty, and are unilaterally imposed by one trading partner on another, the proposed new directive establishes a minimum list of prohibited unfair commercial practices in the relations between buyers and suppliers in the agricultural and food supply chain.

Thus, Member States should ensure that at least all subsequent unfair commercial practices are prohibited:

- payment for perishable products made more than 30 days after delivery or, where the products are regularly delivered, 30 days after the expiry of an agreed delivery period, or 30 days after the date on which the amount to be paid is established;

- payment for other agricultural and food products made more than 60 days after delivery or, where the products are regularly delivered, 60 days after the expiry of an agreed delivery period, or 60 days after the date on which the amount to be paid is established;

- cancellations of orders for perishable products notified within less than 30 days;

- unilateral modification by the buyer of contractual terms and conditions that have been approved, such as deregistering products covered by a supply agreement;

- the buyer's request to the supplier to pay for the deterioration or loss of agricultural and food products at the buyer's premises or after the transfer of ownership to the buyer;

- the buyer's refusal to confirm in writing the terms of a supply agreement between the buyer and the supplier on which the supplier has requested written confirmation;

- the threat of the buyer to take commercial retaliation actions against the supplier if the supplier exercises its contractual or legal rights;

- a claim for compensation from the supplier for the cost incurred in investigating customer complaints in connection with the sale of the supplier's products despite the absence of negligence or fault on the part of the supplier.

Other commercial practices would also be prohibited unless they have been clearly agreed in advance in the supply agreement:

- the return by the buyer of unsold products to the supplier without paying for such unsold products or without paying for the disposal of such products;

- the obligation for the supplier to make a payment for his products to be stored, displayed or referenced or made available on the market;

- the request to the supplier to bear all or part of the costs associated with any discounts on products sold by the buyer as part of promotional actions;

- the request to the supplier to pay for the advertising made by the buyer for the products;

- the buyer charges the supplier for the personnel responsible for arranging the premises used for the sale of the supplier's products.

The new rules would protect small and medium-sized suppliers with an annual turnover not exceeding EUR 350 million. These suppliers would be divided into five sub-categories (for turnover of less than two million, 10 million, 50 million, 150 million and 350 million EUR).

Complaints

Suppliers would be able to complain either to the enforcement authority of the Member State in which they are established or to the enforcement authority of the Member State in which the buyer who is suspected of having engaged in a prohibited commercial practice is established. The enforcement authority to which the complaint is addressed would be competent to enforce the prohibitions. The enforcement authority receiving the complaint should inform the complainant within a reasonable time after receiving it of how it intends to deal with the complaint.

Member States could promote the voluntary use of effective and independent alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.

Documents
2019/03/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/01/23
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2019/01/14
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2018/12/14
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/25
   IE_HOUSES-OF-OIREACHTAS - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/25
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/10/10
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted the report by Paolo DE CASTRO (S&D, IT) on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the food supply chain.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission’s proposal as follows.

Scope : the proposed Directive shall apply to certain unfair trading practices which occur in relation to the sales of agricultural and food products by a supplier to a buyer, as well as to the related services provided by a buyer to a supplier, which are ancillary to the sale of agricultural and food products.

Members seek to extend the scope of the proposed Directive to:

suppliers in the food supply chain which are not SMEs, in order to include producer organisations and avoid possible trade diversions away from SMEs; all agricultural products, i.e. not only to food products, in order to include the horticultural sector, feed industry, and other agricultural sectors not falling under food production.

Definitions : the text proposed extend the definition of ‘buyers’ to include those operators that, though established outside the EU, buy and sell products in the EU market. The aim is to avoid that a buyer can escape the provisions of the Directive by simply moving its place of establishment outside the EU.

As regards the definition of the ‘buyer’, the provision of related services should be included into the scope, together with processing, importing, exporting, marketing, distribution, retail and sale to final consumers of agricultural and food products.

The amendment text also clarifies the possibility for Member States to have a more ambitious approach with regard to the number of unfair trading practices they intend to prohibit.

Prohibition of unfair trading practices : Members introduced a provision whereby the payment term for non-perishable products at 60 days from the receipt of the invoice, as also provided for in Directive 2011/7/EU on late payment. Another amendment aims at better defining the notion of ‘ short notice ’ (when a buyer cancels orders of perishable food products) with a fixed time-limit of 60 days .

Written contracts: the use of written contracts in the agricultural and food supply chain reinforces the responsibility of operators and helps to avoid certain unfair commercial practices. In order to incentivise the use of such contracts suppliers, or their associations, shall have the right to request a written contract. The refusal by a buyer to enter into a written contract with a supplier despite the supplier having requested such a contract in accordance with this Directive, when terms have been agreed between them, shall be considered as an unfair trading practice and be prohibited.

Complaints : they shall be addressed to the enforcement authority of the Member State in which the buyer suspected to have engaged in a prohibited trading practice is established. Where the buyer is established outside the Union, the complaint shall be addressed to the enforcement authority of the Member State in which the supplier is located. That enforcement authority shall take action.

Where the enforcement authority considers that there are sufficient grounds for acting on a complaint, it shall initiate and conduct an investigation, which shall be concluded within six months from the initiation of the investigation.

Members proposed the introduction of the possibility for Member States to promote the use of mediation or an alternative dispute resolution mechanism.

Lastly, they introduced the obligation for Member States to include in their annual report to the Commission of an evaluation on the effectiveness of the implemented measures in order to ban unfair trading practices.

Documents
2018/10/05
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/01
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/10/01
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2018/09/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/09/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/09/19
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/09/19
   SE_PARLIAMENT - Reasoned opinion
Documents
2018/09/17
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/08/02
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/07/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/07/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/07/11
   EP - MCAVAN Linda (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2018/07/05
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2018/07/04
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/06/18
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/06/15
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/06/12
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2018/06/12
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/05/29
   EP - AYUSO Pilar (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2018/05/02
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/04/23
   EP - TARABELLA Marc (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2018/04/17
   EP - DE CASTRO Paolo (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2018/04/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/04/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/04/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/04/12
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish in all Member States a minimum standard of protection against unfair commercial practices in the food supply chain.

PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: smaller operators in the food supply chain are more prone to face unfair trading practices (UTPs) due to their, in general, weak bargaining power in comparison to the large operators in the chain.

According to a 2013 survey of agricultural producers and agricultural cooperatives based on a wide definition of UTPs, the estimated damage from UTPs amounted to over EUR 10 billion per year .

In an agricultural policy environment that has become distinctly more market oriented, the good governance of the food supply chain has become more important for operators, in particular for agricultural producers.

The divergence of Member States’ regulatory approaches to UTPs results furthermore in dissimilar conditions of competition for operators.

In June 2016, a European Parliament resolution called on the Commission to submit a proposal for a Union legal framework concerning unfair trading practices. In December 2016, the Council invited the Commission to undertake, in a timely manner, an impact assessment with a view to proposing a Union legal framework or non-legislative measures to address unfair trading practices.

The proposed measures are complementary to measures existing in Member States and the code of conduct of the SCI (minimum harmonisation approach). The voluntary Supply Chain Initiative (SCI) is a private industry initiative that seeks to govern UTPs.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the option chosen is partial harmonisation of UTP rules in the EU food supply chain while introducing a c ommon minimum protection standard in the EU to help achieve the objective of reducing the occurrence of UTPs .

Concretely formulated prohibitions targeting specific UTPs will also reduce legal uncertainty for commercial transactions that may derive from a more general prohibition.

CONTENT: the present proposal for a Directive aims at reducing the occurrence of UTPs in the food supply chain by introducing a minimum common standard of protection across the EU that consists of a short list of specific prohibited UTPs.

The protection applies only to SME suppliers in the food supply chain as regards their sales to buyers which are not SMEs.

Prohibition of unfair trading practices : Member States shall ensure that the following trading practices are prohibited:

a buyer pays a supplier for perishable food products later than 30 calendar days after the receipt of the supplier’s invoice or later than 30 calendar days after the date of delivery of the perishable food products, whichever is the later; a buyer cancels orders of perishable food products at such short notice that a supplier cannot reasonably be expected to find an alternative to commercialise or use these products; a buyer unilaterally and retroactively changes the terms of the supply agreement concerning the frequency, timing or volume of the supply or delivery, the quality standards or the prices of the food products; a supplier pays for the wastage of food products that occurs on the buyer's premises and that is not caused by the negligence or fault of the supplier.

Member States shall ensure that the following trading practices are prohibited, if they are not agreed in clear and unambiguous terms at the conclusion of the supply agreement:

a buyer returns unsold food products to a supplier; a buyer charges a supplier payment as a condition for the stocking, displaying or listing food products of the supplier; a supplier pays for the promotion of food products sold by the buyer.

Designated enforcement authority : the proposal provides that Member States will have to designate a public authority to enforce the new rules. Enforcement authorities are vested with the necessary powers to start an investigation on their own initiative or based on a complaint, to gather information, terminate an infringement and to impose fines and publish the decisions taken to achieve a deterrent effect.

They shall be able to deal with confidential complaints and to protect, where requested, the identity of the complainant. Coordination and cooperation between enforcement authorities is foreseen. This covers annual meetings facilitated by the Commission and annual reports that the enforcement authorities will submit.

The proposal clarifies that Member States may provide for additional rules designed to combat UTPs going above and beyond this minimum Union standard as long as those rules respect the rules pertaining to the internal market.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: t he proposal would have a limited impact on the EU budget. It would entail one annual coordination meeting of Member States’ enforcement authorities in Brussels and the creation and management of a basic website for the information exchange by the Commission.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0309/2018 - Paolo De Castro - Décision d'engager des négociations interinstitutionnelles 25/10/2018 12:12:38.000

2018/10/25 Outcome: +: 428, -: 170, 0: 18
FR IT PL RO ES BG HU GB PT LT HR SI SK LV MT IE CZ BE EL LU EE CY ?? FI AT DK NL DE SE
Total
69
53
43
26
44
14
14
53
17
9
8
7
11
6
6
7
17
20
15
6
6
4
2
11
18
5
22
83
19
icon: S&D S&D
164

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2

Slovenia S&D

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3

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4

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A8-0309/2018 - Paolo De Castro - Décision d'engager des négociations interinstitutionnelles

2018/10/25 Outcome: +: 428, -: 170, 0: 18
FR IT PL RO ES BG HU GB PT LT HR SI SK LV MT IE CZ BE EL LU EE CY ?? FI AT DK NL DE SE
Total
69
53
43
26
45
14
14
53
17
9
8
7
11
6
6
7
17
20
15
6
6
4
2
11
18
5
22
83
19
icon: S&D S&D
164

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2

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4

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1

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

France Verts/ALE

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5

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1

Hungary Verts/ALE

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1

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4

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Abstain (1)

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1

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1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

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Sweden Verts/ALE

4

A8-0309/2018 - Paolo De Castro - Am 142 12/03/2019 12:51:58.000

2019/03/12 Outcome: +: 589, -: 72, 0: 9
FR DE IT PL ES GB RO BE BG NL AT CZ PT HU FI HR SK LT LV SI DK LU EE MT SE IE CY EL
Total
66
88
60
45
50
65
27
18
17
26
17
19
21
13
12
11
11
10
8
8
13
6
6
6
19
9
6
13
icon: PPE PPE
188

United Kingdom PPE

2

Belgium PPE

3

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2

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1
icon: S&D S&D
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3

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2
3

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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icon: ECR ECR
67

Romania ECR

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2
2

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For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

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1

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For (1)

1

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Cyprus ECR

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
34

Germany ENF

For (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

4

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: NI NI
14

France NI

For (1)

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Hungary NI

2

Denmark NI

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (2)

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
AmendmentsDossier
919 2018/0082(COD)
2018/07/20 IMCO 870 amendments...