BETA


2018/0091M(NLE) EU/Japan Economic Partnership Agreement

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead INTA SILVA PEREIRA Pedro (icon: S&D S&D) HANSEN Christophe (icon: PPE PPE), KAMALL Syed (icon: ECR ECR), HIRSCH Nadja (icon: ALDE ALDE), BUCHNER Klaus (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BEGHIN Tiziana (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion ENVI MÉLIN Joëlle (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion TRAN
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 105-p2

Events

2019/06/12
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2018/12/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/12/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 474 votes to 156, with 40 abstentions, a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Agreement between the European Union and Japan for an Economic Partnership (EPA).

Members believe that the agreement is of major bilateral and global strategic importance and should help to promote the Union's high standards, particularly in the fields of the environment, food safety, consumer protection and labour rights, at a time when the world order is seriously threatened by protectionism.

Parliament welcomed the ambitious and comprehensive nature of the agreement:

· when fully implemented, will allow the liberalisation of 99% of EU tariff lines and 97% of Japanese tariff lines , including for industrial products in sectors where the Union is highly competitive, as well as measures to protect the most sensitive products;

· EU tariffs on cars will be phased out over a seven-year period. The Commission should keep an eye on trends in automobile trade flows over this period in order to predict and address any destabilisation of the European market;

· Japan has resolved the issue of unnecessary non-tariff measures in a range of sectors, such as vehicles, food additives, sanitary and phytosanitary regulation, food labelling and cosmetics, thereby reducing compliance costs and creating a more predictable regulatory framework;

· Japan will take steps to ensure non-discriminatory access for EU suppliers to public procurement contracts in 54 core cities, remove the "operational safety clause", which has in practice prevented EU rail suppliers from accessing the Japanese market, and maximise transparency in tendering for public contracts. Members stressed that social and environmental criteria should also be taken into account when awarding public procurement contracts;

· around 85 % of agri-food products will be allowed to enter Japan duty-free. The agreement protects 205 European geographical indications (GIs), with the possibility of adding further GIs. Members called for the continuation of talks after three years in order to evaluate the options for expanding the list of protected GIs, and expects both parties to pay the utmost attention to sustainable agriculture, including small-scale food production and rural development;

· the agreement promotes best practice in the safety and quality of food and products sold to consumers. Nothing in the agreement prevents the application of the precautionary principle in the EU. Members call on both partners to enhance consumer protection and food safety in the implementation of the agreement;

· both parties are committed to ensuring high levels of environmental and labour protection. Members expect concrete progress within a reasonable timeframe on the part of Japan towards the ratification and effective implementation of the fundamental International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions;

· the agreement includes key innovative elements such as dedicated chapters or provisions on the Paris Agreement , on SMEs and on corporate governance. It preserves the sovereign right to regulate and protect public services;

· market access commitments in cross-border services, including e-commerce, maritime transport, postal services, energy and telecommunications, have the potential to give a significant boost to trade in services.

Parliament called on the Commission to:

· enhance cooperation and coordination with Japan on multilateral issues, in close cooperation with other strategic partners, in order to defend and develop further international standards and an open, fair and strong multilateral trading system based on respect for WTO rules and other international norms;

· monitor closely the proper implementation of the agreed removal of the NTMs, as well as the management of tariff-rate quotas for agricultural products, and to report back to Parliament;

· ensure that the EU delegation to Japan is involved in the process of implementing the agreement from start to finish.

Parliament called for transparency on the functioning of the regulatory cooperation committee and for the adequate involvement of all stakeholders, notably trade unions and civil society organisations. Parliament should be kept informed on a regular basis about the decisions taken in the regulatory cooperation committee.

Lastly, Members called for the prompt establishment of the SME contact points and website to make sure that relevant information on market access is made available to SMEs.

Documents
2018/12/12
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/12/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/11/09
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on International Trade adopted a report by Pedro SILVA PEREIRA (S&D, PT) containing a motion for a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Agreement between the European Union and Japan for an Economic Partnership (EPA).

Members believe that the agreement is of major bilateral and global strategic importance and should help to promote the Union's high standards, particularly in the fields of the environment, food safety, consumer protection and labour rights, at a time when the world order is seriously threatened by protectionism.

The committee notes the high level of tariff liberalisation agreed in the EPA, which, when fully implemented, will allow the liberalisation of 99% of EU tariff lines and 97% of Japanese tariff lines , including for industrial products in sectors where the Union is highly competitive, as well as measures to protect the most sensitive products.

The report highlights the main elements of the agreement:

Cars: EU tariffs on cars will be phased out over a seven-year period. Members call on the Commission to keep an eye on trends in automobile trade flows over this period in order to predict and address any destabilisation of the European market. Non-tariff barriers : Japan has resolved the issue of unnecessary non-tariff measures in a range of sectors, such as vehicles, food additives, sanitary and phytosanitary regulation, food labelling and cosmetics, thereby reducing compliance costs and creating a more predictable regulatory framework. Public procurement: Japan will take steps to ensure non-discriminatory access for EU suppliers to public procurement contracts in 54 core cities, remove the "operational safety clause", which has in practice prevented EU rail suppliers from accessing the Japanese market, and maximise transparency in tendering for public contracts. The implementation of this point should be carefully monitored in order to ensure that commitments on openness and equal access to public procurement are respected. Agricultural products: around 85% of agri-food products will be allowed to enter Japan duty-free. The agreement also recognises 205 European protected geographical indications, and the possibility of adding more at a later stage. Members call for further talks after three years to assess the possibilities of extending the list of protected GIs and call for the utmost attention be paid to sustainable agriculture. Foodstuffs: the agreement promotes best practice in the safety and quality of food and products sold to consumers. Nothing in the agreement prevents the application of the precautionary principle in the EU. Members call on both partners to enhance consumer protection and food safety in the implementation of the agreement. Environment and labour protection : the report stresses that both sides are firmly committed to ensuring high levels of environmental protection and labour rights and that these high standards should not be regarded as barriers to trade. It also welcomes the commitment of both sides to the effective implementation of the Paris Agreement to combat climate change and to sustainable forest management. Members expect the EU and Japan to take all necessary measures to achieve sustainable development objectives through this agreement. They expect concrete progress within a reasonable timeframe from Japan towards the ratification and effective implementation of the International Labour Organization (ILO) core conventions. Services: Members believe that market access commitments for cross-border services, including e-commerce, maritime transport, postal services, energy and telecommunications, are likely to give a significant boost to trade in services. They recall that public policy objectives must be safeguarded, particularly in the field of cybersecurity.

In addition, the report:

calls on both sides to work actively towards corporate social responsibility and the conclusion of the UN Binding Treaty on Business and Human Rights; calls for the Regulatory Cooperation Committee to operate in a transparent manner and for all stakeholders, including trade unions and civil society organisations, to be able to participate sufficiently; stresses the important role of the respective data protection authorities in ensuring an adequate level of data protection ; in this respect, Members welcome the fact that the EU and Japan have agreed to recognise their respective data protection systems as equivalent; asks the Commission to monitor closely the implementation of the agreed removal of non-tariff barriers, as well as the management of tariff-rate quotas for agricultural products, and to report back to Parliament.

Lastly, stressing that 78% of EU companies exporting to Japan are smaller companies, Members welcome the EPA's inclusion of a separate chapter on SMEs and call for the rapid establishment of contact points and website for SMEs to ensure that SMEs receive useful information on market access.

Documents
2018/11/05
   EP - Vote in committee
2018/10/03
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2018/09/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/07/05
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2018/05/29
   EP - MÉLIN Joëlle (ENF) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2018/05/16
   EP - SILVA PEREIRA Pedro (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in INTA

Documents

Votes

A8-0367/2018 - Pedro Silva Pereira - Am 24 12/12/2018 13:07:20.000 #

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 523, +: 81, 0: 62
EL ?? IE CY FR LU EE LV MT SI SE DK LT HR FI NL SK PT AT CZ HU BE BG RO ES GB PL IT DE
Total
19
1
8
6
66
6
5
6
6
7
15
12
10
10
13
20
11
18
18
21
20
19
17
28
48
62
45
60
89
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
41

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3

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2

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1

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1

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3

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2
icon: ENF ENF
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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
43
5

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1

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3

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2

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1

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6
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A8-0367/2018 - Pedro Silva Pereira - Am 25 12/12/2018 13:07:33.000 #

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 552, +: 89, 0: 27
EL ?? FR IE CY EE LU LV MT SI AT FI SE DK LT HR SK NL PT BE CZ BG HU RO ES IT PL GB DE
Total
19
1
67
8
6
5
6
6
6
7
18
12
15
12
10
10
11
20
18
20
21
17
20
28
47
59
45
63
91
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3

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2

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1
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A8-0367/2018 - Pedro Silva Pereira - Am 26 12/12/2018 13:07:45.000 #

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 540, +: 83, 0: 44
EL ?? IE CY SE FR LU EE LV MT HR SI AT DK LT FI SK PT HU BE CZ BG NL RO ES PL IT GB DE
Total
20
1
8
6
15
67
6
5
6
6
10
7
17
11
10
12
11
18
20
20
21
16
20
28
48
45
59
63
91
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
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3

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2

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1

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30

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4

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1

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
42

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3
5

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1

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1

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6
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

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1

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icon: ECR ECR
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icon: PPE PPE
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A8-0367/2018 - Pedro Silva Pereira - Am 27 12/12/2018 13:07:56.000 #

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 531, +: 110, 0: 22
EL ?? IE CY EE LU LV MT SI SE LT FR HR AT DK FI SK NL PT IT CZ HU BE BG RO ES PL GB DE
Total
20
1
8
6
5
6
6
6
7
15
10
67
9
18
12
12
11
20
18
58
21
19
20
17
28
48
45
61
89
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

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2

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1

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1

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1

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1

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3

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2

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1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Netherlands ENF

3

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1

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1

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icon: EFDD EFDD
35

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

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1

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1

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1
5

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1

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3

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1

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1

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2

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6
icon: ECR ECR
67

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1

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2

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2

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2

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icon: ALDE ALDE
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2

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4
icon: S&D S&D
170

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1

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icon: PPE PPE
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A8-0367/2018 - Pedro Silva Pereira - Am 32 12/12/2018 13:08:08.000 #

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 552, +: 102, 0: 14
EL CY ?? IE EE LU LV MT SE FR SI AT DK LT HR FI SK PT CZ HU BE BG NL RO GB ES IT PL DE
Total
20
5
1
8
5
6
6
6
15
65
7
18
12
10
10
13
11
18
21
20
20
17
20
28
62
48
60
45
91
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

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3

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1

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For (1)

1

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1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

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1

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icon: ENF ENF
30

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1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
19

NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

3

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3
5

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Spain Verts/ALE

For (1)

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2
4
icon: ECR ECR
69

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Romania ECR

2
icon: S&D S&D
172

Cyprus S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

3
4

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Lithuania S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2
3

Czechia S&D

4

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
198

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0367/2018 - Pedro Silva Pereira - Am 33 12/12/2018 13:08:21.000 #

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 540, +: 121, 0: 8
EL ?? IE CY EE LU LV MT SE LT SI FR AT DK HR FI SK CZ PT IT HU BE BG NL RO ES GB PL DE
Total
20
1
8
6
5
6
6
6
15
9
7
67
18
12
10
13
11
20
18
60
20
20
17
20
28
48
63
44
91
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1