BETA


2018/0169(COD) Minimum requirements for water reuse

Progress: Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI BONAFÈ Simona (icon: S&D S&D) GAMBUS MILLET Francisco de Paula (icon: PPE PPE), DOHRMANN Jørn (icon: ECR ECR), HUITEMA Jan (icon: ALDE ALDE), BOYLAN Lynn (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), ŠKRLEC Davor (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), EVI Eleonora (icon: EFDD EFDD), MÉLIN Joëlle (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion REGI
Committee Opinion AGRI PETIR Marijana (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion PECH
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 192-p1

Events

2019/06/26
   CSL - Council Meeting
2019/04/16
   Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/02/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/02/12
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/02/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 588 votes to 23 with 66 abstentions a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on minimum requirements for water reuse.

The position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Purpose

The proposed regulation lays down minimum requirements for reclaimed water quality and monitoring, and the obligation to carry out specified key risk management tasks, for the safe reuse of treated urban waste water in the context of integrated water management.

Its aim is to guarantee that reclaimed water is safe for its intended use in such a way as to protect human and animal health and the environment while reducing the adverse effects of water resource use and responding in a coordinated manner at EU level to water scarcity and climate change problems.

Member States should ensure that water resources intended for drinking are not contaminated by reused water.

Obligations of reclamation facility operators as regards water quality

Members specified that reclamation facility operators should also ensure that at least the risk management measures set out in the Water Reuse Risk Management Plan are fully implemented within the reclamation facility.

After the point of compliance (i.e. the point where a reclamation facility operator delivers the reclaimed water to the next actor in the chain), water quality would no longer be the responsibility of the operator of the recovery facility and becomes the responsibility of the next actor in the chain.

Obligations of reclaimed water distribution operators, reclaimed water storage operators and end-users

Operators would be required to maintain the level of quality of reclaimed water within the reclaimed water distribution infrastructure at least at the same level of quality as that laid down Annex I to the regulation.

When granting a permit, the competent authority may require further risk management measures to be taken as regards tasks to be carried out by the operators and specify the additional requirements and necessary preventive measures.

Where the end-user suspects that the stored water does not meet the minimum requirements laid down in the regulation, he would be required: (i) to immediately inform the health authority concerned, providing, where appropriate, all available evidence; (ii) to cooperate with the competent authority concerned in order to verify and determine the grounds for the suspicion and the possible presence of unauthorised substances or values.

Reclaimed water (i.e. treated waste water which results from further treatment in a reclamation facility) would be used for irrigation of food crops, processed food crops and non-food crops. Member States could allow reclaimed water for other uses such as industrial water reuse and for recreational and environmental purposes, provided that a high level of protection of human health, animals and the environment is ensured.

No later than one year after the date of entry into force of the regulation, the Commission should adopt delegated acts by introducing a method for measuring the presence of microplastics in reused waters that may be subject to additional requirements.

Compliance check

In the event of non-compliance, the competent authority shall require the reclamation facility operator, the reclaimed water distribution operator, or the reclaimed water storage operator, as applicable, to take any necessary measures to promptly restore compliance and immediately inform the end-users affected.

Information awareness-raising campaigns

Member States shall set up information and awareness raising campaigns targeting potential end-users, including citizens, and concerning the safety of water reuse and the savings of water resources resulting from water reuse. Information campaigns shall be set up for farmers to ensure that they use reclaimed water on crops in an optimal manner, and thereby avoid any adverse health or environmental effects from such use.

Evaluation

The Commission shall, by five years after the date of entry into force of this regulation, carry out an evaluation of this regulation. It shall assess the feasibility of:

- extending the scope of this regulation to reclaimed water intended for further specific uses, including reuse for industrial purposes;

- expanding the requirements of this regulation to cover the indirect use of treated waste water;

- laying down minimum requirements applicable to the quality of treated waste water for the purpose of aquifer recharge.

Documents
2019/01/29
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Simona BONAFÈ (S&D, IT) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on minimum requirements for water reuse.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Purpose

The proposed Regulation lays down minimum requirements for reclaimed water quality and monitoring, and the obligation to carry out specified key risk management tasks, for the safe reuse of treated urban waste water in the context of integrated water management.

Its aimis to guarantee that reclaimed water is safe for its intended use, thereby ensuring a high level of protection of human and animal health and the environment. Member States shall ensure that water resources used for drinking water purposes are not contaminated with reclaimed water.

Obligations of reclamation facility operators as regards water quality

Reclamation facility operators shall also ensure that at least the risk management measures set out in the Water Reuse Risk Management Plan are fully implemented within the reclamation facility. After the point of compliance, the quality of water shall no longer be the responsibility of the reclamation facility operator, and shall become the responsibility of the next actor in the chain.

Obligations of reclaimed water distribution operators, reclaimed water storage operators and end-users

Reclaimed water (i.e. urban wastewater that has undergone treatment in a reclamation facility) shall be used to irrigate food crops, processed food crops and non-food crops. Member States may allow reclaimed water to be used in other ways, such as industrial water reuse and for amenity-related and environmental purposes, provided that human health, animals and the environment are thoroughly protected.

The Commission shall establish guidance documents to assist the competent authorities in the implementation of the requirements relating to control and monitoring of the production, distribution, storage and use of the reclaimed water.

Risk management

For the purpose of ensuring safe production, distribution, storage and use of reclaimed water, the competent authority shall oversee risk management in consultation with the following actors: (i) the reclamation facility operator; (ii) the reclaimed water distribution operator; (iii) the reclaimed water storage operator.

Risk management methods used by the reclamation facility operator, the reclaimed water distribution operator and the reclaimed water storage operator shall be based on internationally recognised methodologies.

Application for a permit to produce, distribute and store reclaimed water

Any production, distribution or storage of reclaimed water destined for a use specified in section 1 of Annex I, shall be subject to a permit.

A reclamation facility operator shall submit an application for the permit, or for a modification of an existing permit, to the competent authority of the Member State in which the reclamation facility operates or is planned to operate.

Compliance check

In the event of non-compliance, the competent authority shall require the reclamation facility operator, the reclaimed water distribution operator, or the reclaimed water storage operator, as applicable, to take any necessary measures to promptly restore compliance and immediately inform the end-users affected.

Information awareness-raising campaigns

Member States shall set up information and awareness raising campaigns targeting potential end-users, including citizens, and concerning the safety of water reuse and the savings of water resources resulting from water reuse. Information campaigns shall be set up for farmers to ensure that they use reclaimed water on crops in an optimal manner, and thereby avoid any adverse health or environmental effects from such use.

Evaluation

The Commission shall, by five years after the date of entry into force of this Regulation, carry out an evaluation of this Regulation. It shall assess the feasibility of:

- extending the scope of this Regulation to reclaimed water intended for further specific uses, including reuse for industrial purposes;

- expanding the requirements of this Regulation to cover the indirect use of treated waste water;

- laying down minimum requirements applicable to the quality of treated waste water for the purpose of aquifer recharge.

Documents
2019/01/22
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/12/12
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/12/06
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/12/05
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/11/06
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/11/06
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/10/05
   AT_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/03
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/07/23
   ES_CONGRESS - Contribution
Documents
2018/07/04
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/07/02
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/05/29
   EP - Responsible Committee
2018/05/28
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2018/05/28
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/05/28
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to contribute to alleviating water scarcity across the EU, in particular by increasing the uptake of water reuse, in particular for agricultural irrigation.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: a third of the EU's land suffers from water stress all year round and water scarcity remains an important concern for many EU Member States. Increasingly unpredictable weather patterns, including severe droughts, are also likely to have negative consequences on both the quantity and quality of freshwater resources. Between 1976 and 2006, the number of areas and people affected by droughts went up by almost 20% and the total costs of droughts amounted to EUR 100 billion (EC, 2012).

Agricultural irrigation by far is the largest application of reused water worldwide and in Europe and a significant use of water in Europe, overall accounting for around a quarter of total freshwater abstracted.

By encouraging the reuse of treated wastewater for agricultural irrigation , the EU could therefore improve its capacity to respond to increasing pressures on water resources.

The need to address the problem at EU level has been acknowledged in the 2012 Commission Communication ‘A Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources’. A Fitness check of EU Freshwater policy published in November 2012 as a building block of the Blueprint, concluded that ‘alternative water supply options with low environmental impact need to be further relied upon’ in order to address water scarcity.

Furthermore, the European Parliament, in its September 2015 Resolution on the follow-up to the European Citizens’ Initiative Right2Water encouraged the Commission to draw up a legislative framework on water reuse. Two instruments in force in the Union encourage the reuse of water, without however specifying the conditions in this respect. These are the Water Framework Directive ( 2000/60/EC ) and the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive ( 91/271/EEC ).

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: t he preferred option for agricultural irrigation is a legal instrument with a ‘fit for purpose’ approach (minimum requirements set depending on the food crop category and irrigation technique) and protection of local public health and of the environment (the key risk management tasks). It is estimated that the proposed instrument could lead to 6.6 billion m3 of water per year being reused for agricultural irrigation, compared to 1.7 billion m3 if the EU did not establish a legal framework.

CONTENT: the Regulation proposed by the Commission aims to mitigate water shortages in the EU, in the context of adaptation to climate change . It would ensure that treated waste water for agricultural irrigation is safe, protecting people and the environment.

More specifically, the proposal:

defines the minimum water quality and monitoring requirements to be met and the obligation to perform certain essential risk management tasks in order to enable the safe reuse of urban waste water as part of integrated water management. These requirements should consist of a minimum of parameters for reclaimed water and other stricter or additional quality requirements, imposed, if necessary, by the competent authorities together with appropriate preventive measures; defines the process of risk management that should be carried out by the operator of a reclamation plant in cooperation with relevant parties (the end-user of the reclaimed water, the urban waste water treatment plant supplying water to the reclamation plant, etc.). The reclamation plant operator shall elaborate a water reuse risk management plan identifying additional requirements to further mitigate risks, which would be part of a permit issued by the competent authority; ensure transparency and access to information in order to increase user and public confidence in the safety of reused water: the public will have access to information online about water reuse practice in their Member States. With regard to access to justice, it should be possible for citizens and NGOs to legally review the decisions taken by Member States under this Regulation.

The proposed Regulation sets the date of entry into force and the date of application, i.e. one year after the date of entry into force in order to provide sufficient time to the Member States to adapt to the Regulation, as well as to elaborate an implementing act ensuring the uniform application of the risk management.

Documents

  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2019)354
  • Results of vote in Parliament: Results of vote in Parliament
  • Debate in Parliament: Debate in Parliament
  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading: T8-0071/2019
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A8-0044/2019
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES2925/2018
  • Committee of the Regions: opinion: CDR3645/2018
  • Committee opinion: PE626.778
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE630.658
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE629.751
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE630.372
  • Contribution: COM(2018)0337
  • Committee draft report: PE628.362
  • Contribution: COM(2018)0337
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0249
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0250
  • Legislative proposal published: COM(2018)0337
  • Legislative proposal published: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0249
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2018)0250
  • Committee draft report: PE628.362
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE629.751
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE630.372
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE630.658
  • Committee opinion: PE626.778
  • Committee of the Regions: opinion: CDR3645/2018
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES2925/2018
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2019)354
  • Contribution: COM(2018)0337
  • Contribution: COM(2018)0337

Activities

Votes

A8-0044/2019 - Simona Bonafè - Proposition de la Commission

2019/02/12 Outcome: +: 588, 0: 66, -: 23
DE FR IT ES RO PL GB PT NL BE CZ SE HU AT BG EL FI HR SK LT IE SI LV DK LU MT EE CY ??
Total
87
71
63
51
27
49
64
20
25
19
20
17
17
16
15
15
12
10
12
10
9
8
8
13
6
6
3
1
3
icon: PPE PPE
202

United Kingdom PPE

2

Greece PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
168

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

Romania ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
46

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

EFDD

2
icon: ENF ENF
34

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

4

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1
3
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

For (1)

3

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

3

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
18

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

France NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

3

Hungary NI

2

Denmark NI

1

NI

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
528 2018/0169(COD)
2018/10/16 AGRI 163 amendments...
source: 628.697
2018/11/06 ENVI 365 amendments...
source: 630.372

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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      text
      • PURPOSE: to contribute to alleviating water scarcity across the EU, in particular by increasing the uptake of water reuse, in particular for agricultural irrigation.

        PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

        ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

        BACKGROUND: a third of the EU's land suffers from water stress all year round and water scarcity remains an important concern for many EU Member States. Increasingly unpredictable weather patterns, including severe droughts, are also likely to have negative consequences on both the quantity and quality of freshwater resources. Between 1976 and 2006, the number of areas and people affected by droughts went up by almost 20% and the total costs of droughts amounted to EUR 100 billion (EC, 2012).

        Agricultural irrigation by far is the largest application of reused water worldwide and in Europe and a significant use of water in Europe, overall accounting for around a quarter of total freshwater abstracted.

        By encouraging the reuse of treated wastewater for agricultural irrigation, the EU could therefore improve its capacity to respond to increasing pressures on water resources.

        The need to address the problem at EU level has been acknowledged in the 2012 Commission Communication ‘A Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources’.  A Fitness check of EU Freshwater policy published in November 2012 as a building block of the Blueprint, concluded that ‘alternative water supply options with low environmental impact need to be further relied upon’ in order to address water scarcity.

        Furthermore, the European Parliament, in its September 2015 Resolution on the follow-up to the European Citizens’ Initiative Right2Water encouraged the Commission to draw up a legislative framework on water reuse. Two instruments in force in the Union encourage the reuse of water, without however specifying the conditions in this respect. These are the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) and the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC).

        IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the preferred option for agricultural irrigation is a legal instrument with a ‘fit for purpose’ approach (minimum requirements set depending on the food crop category and irrigation technique) and protection of local public health and of the environment (the key risk management tasks). It is estimated that the proposed instrument could lead to 6.6 billion m3 of water per year being reused for agricultural irrigation, compared to 1.7 billion m3 if the EU did not establish a legal framework.

        CONTENT: the Regulation proposed by the Commission aims to mitigate water shortages in the EU, in the context of adaptation to climate change. It would ensure that treated waste water for agricultural irrigation is safe, protecting people and the environment.

        More specifically, the proposal:

        • defines the minimum water quality and monitoring requirements to be met and the obligation to perform certain essential risk management tasks in order to enable the safe reuse of urban waste water as part of integrated water management. These requirements should consist of a minimum of parameters for reclaimed water and other stricter or additional quality requirements, imposed, if necessary, by the competent authorities together with appropriate preventive measures;
        • defines the process of risk management that should be carried out by the operator of a reclamation plant in cooperation with relevant parties (the end-user of the reclaimed water, the urban waste water treatment plant supplying water to the reclamation plant, etc.). The reclamation plant operator shall elaborate a water reuse risk management plan identifying additional requirements to further mitigate risks, which would be part of a permit issued by the competent authority;
        • ensure transparency and access to information in order to increase user and public confidence in the safety of reused water: the public will have access to information online about water reuse practice in their Member States. With regard to access to justice, it should be possible for citizens and NGOs to legally review the decisions taken by Member States under this Regulation.

        The proposed Regulation sets the date of entry into force and the date of application, i.e. one year after the date of entry into force in order to provide sufficient time to the Member States to adapt to the Regulation, as well as to elaborate an implementing act ensuring the uniform application of the risk management.

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  • 3.70.04 Water control and management, pollution of waterways, water pollution
  • 3.70.20 Sustainable development
New
3.70.04
Water control and management, pollution of waterways, water pollution
3.70.20
Sustainable development
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GUE/NGL
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BOYLAN Lynn
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  • PURPOSE: to contribute to alleviating water scarcity across the EU, in particular by increasing the uptake of water reuse, in particular for agricultural irrigation.

    PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

    BACKGROUND: a third of the EU's land suffers from water stress all year round and water scarcity remains an important concern for many EU Member States. Increasingly unpredictable weather patterns, including severe droughts, are also likely to have negative consequences on both the quantity and quality of freshwater resources. Between 1976 and 2006, the number of areas and people affected by droughts went up by almost 20% and the total costs of droughts amounted to EUR 100 billion (EC, 2012).

    Agricultural irrigation by far is the largest application of reused water worldwide and in Europe and a significant use of water in Europe, overall accounting for around a quarter of total freshwater abstracted.

    By encouraging the reuse of treated wastewater for agricultural irrigation, the EU could therefore improve its capacity to respond to increasing pressures on water resources.

    The need to address the problem at EU level has been acknowledged in the 2012 Commission Communication ‘A Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources’.  A Fitness check of EU Freshwater policy published in November 2012 as a building block of the Blueprint, concluded that ‘alternative water supply options with low environmental impact need to be further relied upon’ in order to address water scarcity.

    Furthermore, the European Parliament, in its September 2015 Resolution on the follow-up to the European Citizens’ Initiative Right2Water encouraged the Commission to draw up a legislative framework on water reuse. Two instruments in force in the Union encourage the reuse of water, without however specifying the conditions in this respect. These are the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) and the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC).

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the preferred option for agricultural irrigation is a legal instrument with a ‘fit for purpose’ approach (minimum requirements set depending on the food crop category and irrigation technique) and protection of local public health and of the environment (the key risk management tasks). It is estimated that the proposed instrument could lead to 6.6 billion m3 of water per year being reused for agricultural irrigation, compared to 1.7 billion m3 if the EU did not establish a legal framework.

    CONTENT: the Regulation proposed by the Commission aims to mitigate water shortages in the EU, in the context of adaptation to climate change. It would ensure that treated waste water for agricultural irrigation is safe, protecting people and the environment.

    More specifically, the proposal:

    • defines the minimum water quality and monitoring requirements to be met and the obligation to perform certain essential risk management tasks in order to enable the safe reuse of urban waste water as part of integrated water management. These requirements should consist of a minimum of parameters for reclaimed water and other stricter or additional quality requirements, imposed, if necessary, by the competent authorities together with appropriate preventive measures;
    • defines the process of risk management that should be carried out by the operator of a reclamation plant in cooperation with relevant parties (the end-user of the reclaimed water, the urban waste water treatment plant supplying water to the reclamation plant, etc.). The reclamation plant operator shall elaborate a water reuse risk management plan identifying additional requirements to further mitigate risks, which would be part of a permit issued by the competent authority;
    • ensure transparency and access to information in order to increase user and public confidence in the safety of reused water: the public will have access to information online about water reuse practice in their Member States. With regard to access to justice, it should be possible for citizens and NGOs to legally review the decisions taken by Member States under this Regulation.

    The proposed Regulation sets the date of entry into force and the date of application, i.e. one year after the date of entry into force in order to provide sufficient time to the Member States to adapt to the Regulation, as well as to elaborate an implementing act ensuring the uniform application of the risk management.

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