BETA


2018/0180(COD) Low carbon benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks

Progress: Provisional agreement between Parliament and Council on final act

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ECON GILL Neena (icon: S&D S&D) SANDER Anne (icon: PPE PPE), KAMALL Syed (icon: ECR ECR), WIERINCK Lieve (icon: ALDE ALDE), CARTHY Matt (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), SCOTT CATO Molly (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KAPPEL Barbara (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion ENVI VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 114

Events

2019/03/26
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 579 votes to 40 with 42 abstentions a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 on low carbon benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks.

To recap, the proposal is part of a broader initiative to redirect capital flows towards sustainable investments. It lays the foundations for a European framework that places environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria at the heart of the financial system.

The position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure has amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Benchmark indices

The proposed regulation would introduce into Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 on reference indices the definitions of the new categories of reference indices, namely the climate transition and Paris Agreement-aligned indices.

(1) The Climate Transition Benchmark would be an index whose underlying assets would be selected, weighted or excluded such that the resulting benchmark portfolio is on a decarbonation path.

Suppliers of EU climate transition benchmarks should select, weight or exclude underlying assets issued by companies that are on a decarbonation path by 31 December 2022 at the latest, in accordance with the following requirements

- companies report measurable and time-bound targets for reducing carbon emissions;

- companies report a reduction in carbon emissions broken down to the level of the operating subsidiaries concerned;

- companies publish annual information on progress towards these objectives.

(2) The Paris-aligned Benchmark would be an index whose underlying assets are selected in such a way that the resulting carbon emission reductions in the benchmark portfolio are aligned with the Paris Climate Agreement's long-term global warming target objective.

These two benchmarks are not expected to significantly compromise other environmental, social and governance (ESG) objectives. They should also be constituted in accordance with the minimum standards laid down in delegated acts.

By 1 January 2022 at the latest, providers of significant benchmarks in the Union should endeavour to market one or more EU Climate Transition and Paris Agreement benchmarks.

Investor information

In order to inform investors of the degree of compliance with the Paris Climate Agreement, both for major equity and bond benchmarks and for the EU Climate Transition and EU Paris Agreement benchmarks, the administrator of a benchmark index should publish detailed information indicating whether and to what extent an overall degree of alignment with the objective of reducing carbon emissions or achieving the Paris Climate Agreement's long-term global warming limitation targets is ensured.

By 31 December 2021, all benchmarks or families of benchmarks, with the exception of currency and interest rate benchmarks, should, in their benchmark statement, include an explanation of how their methodology aligns with the target of carbon emission reductions or attains the long-term global warming target of the Paris Climate Agreement.

Review and report

By 31 December 2022 at the latest, the Commission would review the minimum standards for benchmarks to ensure that the selection of underlying assets is compatible with environmentally sustainable investments, as defined by an EU-wide framework.

Before 31 December 2022, the Commission should submit a report on the impact of the regulation and the feasibility of ESG benchmarks, taking into account the evolving nature of sustainability indicators and the methods used to measure them. This report would be accompanied, if necessary, by a legislative proposal.

Documents
2019/03/21
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2019/03/13
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2018/12/20
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted the report by Neena GILL (S&D, UK) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 on low carbon benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks.

As a reminder, the proposal is part of a broader initiative to redirect capital flows towards sustainable investments. It lays the foundations for a European framework that places environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria at the heart of the financial system.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Reference indices

The proposed Regulation shall introduce into Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 on indices used as benchmarks the definitions of the new categories of reference indices, namely the ‘climate transition’ and ‘Paris Agreement’ benchmarks.

(1) Climate transition benchmark shall meet all of the following minimum requirements:

- the asset issuers’ emissions reduction plans must include measurable time-based targets that are robust and evidence-based;

- the companies responsible for the underlying assets must have in place detailed emissions reduction plans that are disaggregated down to the level of individual operating subsidiaries;

- the asset issuers must report annually on the progress made towards these targets;

- the activities of the underlying assets must not significantly harm other ESG objectives.

(2) Paris-aligned benchmark shall be a benchmark that is labelled as a Paris-aligned benchmark where the underlying assets are selected on the basis that the resulting benchmark portfolio’s carbon emissions are aligned with the 1.5°C Paris Climate Agreement commitment and which is also constructed in accordance with the minimum standards, and in which the underlying asset portfolio is not exposed to companies engaged in any of the following economic activities:

- the exploration, extraction, distribution and processing of fossil fuels;

- the construction and maintenance of power plants that burn fossil fuels. The activities of the underlying assets shall not significantly harm other ESG objectives.

Such benchmarks should not significantly harm other environmental, social and governance (ESG) objectives, in particular when defined by a Union-wide framework to facilitate sustainable investment based on harmonised indicators and criteria.

By 1 January 2022 benchmark providers in the Union shall endeavour to market one or more Paris aligned benchmark and that benchmark will be regulated as a significant benchmark. That benchmark will be regulated as a significant benchmark.

Investor information

To enable market players to make well-informed choices, benchmark administrators shall be required to disclose in the benchmark statement, whether or not their benchmarks or families of benchmarks, pursue ESG objectives, and whether or not the benchmark administrator offers such benchmarks.

For significant equity and bond benchmarks, as well as for climate transition and Paris-aligned benchmarks, the benchmark administrator shall publish detailed information on whether or not and to what extent an overall degree of alignment with the target of reducing carbon emissions and/or, attaining the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement, is ensured.

An impact assessment shall be carried out by the Commission to determine the feasibility for all benchmarks or families of benchmarks to include a detailed explanation of how the target of the carbon emission and/or attaining the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement is ensured.

Documents
2018/12/13
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/12/13
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2018/11/22
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/29
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/10/17
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/09/28
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/07/05
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/06/21
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/05/31
   EP - Responsible Committee
2018/05/24
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2018/05/24
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/05/24
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to amend Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 on low carbon benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: sustainability and the transition to a low-carbon and climate resilient, more resource-efficient and circular economy are key in ensuring long-term competitiveness of the Union economy.

In March 2018, the Commission published its action plan 'Financing Sustainable Growth', setting up an ambitious and comprehensive strategy on sustainable finance. One of the objectives of that action plan is to reorient capital flows towards sustainable investment to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth.

In line with the Paris Climate Agreement and the 2030 UN Sustainable Development Agenda, this proposal is part of a broader Commission initiative to facilitate investment in sustainable projects and assets across the European Union.

Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishes uniform rules for benchmarks in the Union and caters for different types of benchmark.

By introducing new categories of ‘low carbon’ or ‘positive carbon impact’ benchmarks, this proposal aims to help investors compare the carbon footprint of investments .

The proposal is being presented in parallel with a proposal to bring institutional investors to integrate environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria into their internal processes and to inform their clients.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the preferred approach provides for the adoption of a new framework establishing minimum standards for the harmonisation of the methodology to be applied to the low carbon or positive carbon impact benchmarks.

The use of EU harmonised standards for transparent methodologies would result in the development of benchmarks which would be better suited to measuring the performance of a portfolio or financial product that either follows a low-carbon or the 2 0 C objective investment strategy, respectively.

In terms of environmental impacts, it will relatively quickly redirect financing into assets and projects with sustainable goals that have a positive impact in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement.

CONTENT: Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishes uniform rules for benchmarks in the Union and caters for different types of benchmark.

The proposal establishes a number of minimum key elements of the methodology used to determine decarbonised benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks, providing standards for the criteria and methods used to select and weight the underlying assets of the benchmark, and to calculate the carbon footprint and carbon savings associated.

These new market standards should reflect the carbon footprint of companies and provide more information to investors about the carbon footprint of an investment portfolio.

To enable market players to make well-informed choices, benchmark administrators should be required to disclose how their methodology takes into account the ESG factors for each benchmark or family of benchmarks that is promoted as pursuing ESG objectives. That information should also be disclosed in the benchmark statement.

Moreover, administrators of low-carbon and of positive carbon impact benchmarks should equally publish their methodology used for their calculation . That information should describe how the underlying assets were selected and weighted and which assets were excluded and for what reason.

Documents

  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading: T8-0237/2019
  • Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations: PE637.212
  • Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations: GEDA/A/(2019)002494
  • Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement: GEDA/A/(2019)002494
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A8-0483/2018
  • Committee opinion: PE630.616
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE629.650
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES2767/2018
  • Committee draft report: PE628.440
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0264
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0265
  • Legislative proposal published: COM(2018)0355
  • Legislative proposal published: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0264
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2018)0265
  • Committee draft report: PE628.440
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES2767/2018
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE629.650
  • Committee opinion: PE630.616
  • Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement: GEDA/A/(2019)002494

Votes

A8-0483/2018 - Neena Gill - Am 2 26/03/2019 12:57:57.000

2019/03/26 Outcome: +: 579, 0: 42, -: 40
DE IT ES FR GB RO PL NL BE SE BG PT AT CZ HU FI DK SK HR EL LV IE LT SI LU EE MT CY
Total
91
66
47
68
60
22
47
25
21
18
17
20
16
19
14
13
13
13
9
11
8
8
8
8
6
6
6
1
icon: PPE PPE
198

United Kingdom PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Greece PPE

For (1)

1
3

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
160

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: ECR ECR
66

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
15

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

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Lithuania EFDD

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1
icon: ENF ENF
32

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1
3

A8-0483/2018 - Neena Gill - Am 2

2019/03/26 Outcome: +: 579, 0: 42, -: 40
DE IT ES FR GB RO PL NL BE SE BG PT AT CZ HU FI DK SK HR EL LV IE LT SI LU EE MT CY
Total
91
66
47
68
60
22
47
25
21
18
17
20
16
19
14
13
13
13
9
11
8
8
8
8
6
6
6
1
icon: PPE PPE
198

United Kingdom PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Greece PPE

For (1)

1
3

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
160

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: ECR ECR
66

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
15

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
32

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1
3
AmendmentsDossier
299 2018/0180(COD)
2018/10/16 ENVI 58 amendments...
source: 628.608
2018/10/29 ECON 241 amendments...
source: 629.650

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE630.616&secondRef=01
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      text
      • PURPOSE: to amend Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 on low carbon benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks.

        PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

        ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

        BACKGROUND: sustainability and the transition to a low-carbon and climate resilient, more resource-efficient and circular economy are key in ensuring long-term competitiveness of the Union economy.

        In March 2018, the Commission published its action plan 'Financing Sustainable Growth', setting up an ambitious and comprehensive strategy on sustainable finance. One of the objectives of that action plan is to reorient capital flows towards sustainable investment to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth.

        In line with the Paris Climate Agreement and the 2030 UN Sustainable Development Agenda, this proposal is part of a broader Commission initiative to facilitate investment in sustainable projects and assets across the European Union.

        Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishes uniform rules for benchmarks in the Union and caters for different types of benchmark.

        By introducing new categories of ‘low carbon’ or ‘positive carbon impact’ benchmarks, this proposal aims to help investors compare the carbon footprint of investments.

        The proposal is being presented in parallel with a proposal to bring institutional investors to integrate environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria into their internal processes and to inform their clients.

        IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the preferred approach provides for the adoption of a new framework establishing minimum standards for the harmonisation of the methodology to be applied to the low carbon or positive carbon impact benchmarks.

        The use of EU harmonised standards for transparent methodologies would result in the development of benchmarks which would be better suited to measuring the performance of a portfolio or financial product that either follows a low-carbon or the 20C objective investment strategy, respectively.

        In terms of environmental impacts, it will relatively quickly redirect financing into assets and projects with sustainable goals that have a positive impact in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement.

        CONTENT: Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishes uniform rules for benchmarks in the Union and caters for different types of benchmark.

        The proposal establishes a number of minimum key elements of the methodology used to determine decarbonised benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks, providing standards for the criteria and methods used to select and weight the underlying assets of the benchmark, and to calculate the carbon footprint and carbon savings associated.

        These new market standards should reflect the carbon footprint of companies and provide more information to investors about the carbon footprint of an investment portfolio.

        To enable market players to make well-informed choices, benchmark administrators should be required to disclose how their methodology takes into account the ESG factors for each benchmark or family of benchmarks that is promoted as pursuing ESG objectives. That information should also be disclosed in the benchmark statement.

        Moreover, administrators of low-carbon and of positive carbon impact benchmarks should equally publish their methodology used for their calculation. That information should describe how the underlying assets were selected and weighted and which assets were excluded and for what reason.

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  • 16/01/2019 Decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 69c)
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ECON/8/13233
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  • Amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 2013/0314(COD) See also 2018/0178(COD) See also 2018/0179(COD)
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  • 2.50.03 Securities and financial markets, stock exchange, CIUTS, investments
  • 3.70.20 Sustainable development
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2.50.03
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  • Amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1011
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  • PURPOSE: to amend Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 on low carbon benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks.

    PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

    BACKGROUND: sustainability and the transition to a low-carbon and climate resilient, more resource-efficient and circular economy are key in ensuring long-term competitiveness of the Union economy.

    In March 2018, the Commission published its action plan 'Financing Sustainable Growth', setting up an ambitious and comprehensive strategy on sustainable finance. One of the objectives of that action plan is to reorient capital flows towards sustainable investment to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth.

    In line with the Paris Climate Agreement and the 2030 UN Sustainable Development Agenda, this proposal is part of a broader Commission initiative to facilitate investment in sustainable projects and assets across the European Union.

    Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishes uniform rules for benchmarks in the Union and caters for different types of benchmark.

    By introducing new categories of ‘low carbon’ or ‘positive carbon impact’ benchmarks, this proposal aims to help investors compare the carbon footprint of investments.

    The proposal is being presented in parallel with a proposal to bring institutional investors to integrate environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria into their internal processes and to inform their clients.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the preferred approach provides for the adoption of a new framework establishing minimum standards for the harmonisation of the methodology to be applied to the low carbon or positive carbon impact benchmarks.

    The use of EU harmonised standards for transparent methodologies would result in the development of benchmarks which would be better suited to measuring the performance of a portfolio or financial product that either follows a low-carbon or the 20C objective investment strategy, respectively.

    In terms of environmental impacts, it will relatively quickly redirect financing into assets and projects with sustainable goals that have a positive impact in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement.

    CONTENT: Regulation (EU) 2016/1011 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishes uniform rules for benchmarks in the Union and caters for different types of benchmark.

    The proposal establishes a number of minimum key elements of the methodology used to determine decarbonised benchmarks and positive carbon impact benchmarks, providing standards for the criteria and methods used to select and weight the underlying assets of the benchmark, and to calculate the carbon footprint and carbon savings associated.

    These new market standards should reflect the carbon footprint of companies and provide more information to investors about the carbon footprint of an investment portfolio.

    To enable market players to make well-informed choices, benchmark administrators should be required to disclose how their methodology takes into account the ESG factors for each benchmark or family of benchmarks that is promoted as pursuing ESG objectives. That information should also be disclosed in the benchmark statement.

    Moreover, administrators of low-carbon and of positive carbon impact benchmarks should equally publish their methodology used for their calculation. That information should describe how the underlying assets were selected and weighted and which assets were excluded and for what reason.

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    WIERINCK Lieve
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  • date
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