BETA


2018/0211(COD) EU anti-fraud programme 2021–2027

Progress: Procedure completed, awaiting publication in Official Journal

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead CONT HOHLMEIER Monika (icon: EPP EPP) PENKOVA Tsvetelina (icon: S&D S&D), MITUȚA Alin (icon: Renew Renew), RIVASI Michèle (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KUHS Joachim (icon: ID ID), CZARNECKI Ryszard (icon: ECR ECR)
Former Responsible Committee CONT SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA José Ignacio (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion BUDG ALI Nedzhmi (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 033, TFEU 325-p4

Events

2021/04/29
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2021/04/29
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/04/29
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a legislative resolution approving the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Union anti-fraud programme and repealing Regulation (EU) No 250/2014.

The proposed regulation aims at establishing the Union anti-fraud programme for the duration of the multiannual financial framework (MFF) 2021-2027, replacing the Hercule III programme.

Programme’s objectives

The objectives of the programme are to:

- protect the Union’s financial interests;

- prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the EU's financial interests;

- encourage the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, in relation to funds under shared management and pre-accession aid funds of the Union budget;

- provide tools for information exchange and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters.

The programme should also support investigative activities through the purchase of technical equipment used to detect and investigate fraud and facilitate access to secure information systems.

Budget

The overall financial envelope for the implementation of the programme for the period 2021-2027 amounts to EUR 181 207 000 in current prices.

A ceiling of 2% is set for technical and administrative assistance expenditure related to the implementation of the programme.

The Regulation provides for an indicative list of actions to be financed, in order to ensure the continuity of the financing of all the actions entrusted to the Commission under Regulation (EC) No 515/97, in particular the AFIS (anti-fraud information system) platform.

Documents
2021/04/29
   CSL - Final act signed
2021/04/29
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2021/04/19
   EP - Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
Documents
2021/04/14
   EP - Vote in committee, 2nd reading
2021/03/29
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/03/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/03/25
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading
2021/03/22
   EC - Commission communication on Council's position
2021/03/19
   CSL - Council position
Documents
2021/01/11
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at early 2nd reading interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2019/10/09
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations announced in plenary (Rule 72)
2019/10/08
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations after 1st reading in Parliament
2019/09/26
   EP - HOHLMEIER Monika (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in CONT
2019/04/16
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/02/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/02/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 529 votes to 14 with 130 abstentions a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the EU Anti-Fraud programme.

The proposed programme would have two general objectives: 1) to protect the financial interests of the European Union and 2) to support mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and collaboration between these and the Commission to ensure the proper application of customs and agricultural legislation.

The position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Budget

Members proposed that the financial envelope for the implementation of the programme for the period 2021-2027 should be set at EUR 321 314 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 362 414 000 in current prices), compared with EUR 181 207 000 in current prices proposed by the European Commission.

This envelope would be distributed as follows:

- EUR 202 512 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 228 414 000 in current prices) to prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the Union's financial interests;

- EUR 12 412 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 14 000 000 in current prices) to encourage the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, with regard to shared management and pre-accession aid funds from the Union budget;

- EUR 106,390,000 at 2018 prices (EUR 120,000,000,000 at current prices) to provide tools for the exchange of information and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters.

The Commission would be given the power to redistribute funds between the different objectives. In view of the need to protect the EU’s financial interests, the indicative breakdown should give due consideration to the fact that the programme is the only one specifically to protect the expenditure side of the EU budget.

Eligible actions

To be eligible for funding, the actions supported should include:

- provide technical knowledge and provide specialised and technically advanced equipment and effective IT tools improving transnational and multidisciplinary cooperation and cooperation with the Commission;

- intensify staff exchanges in the context of specific projects and facilitate investigations, including the establishment of investigation teams and joint cross-border operations;

- provide technical and operational support to national surveys;

- strengthen the IT capacities of all Member States and third countries;

- organise specialised training, risk analysis workshops, conferences and studies aimed at improving cooperation and coordination between the services concerned.

When the supported action requires the acquisition of equipment, the Commission should ensure that the funded equipment contributes to the protection of the Union's financial interests.

Co-financing rates

The maximum rates for co-financing for grants under the Programme should not exceed 80 % of the eligible costs. In exceptional and duly justified cases, defined in the work programme, such as cases concerning Member States exposed to a high risk in relation to the financial interests of the Union, the maximum co-financing rate should be set at 90 % of eligible costs.

Synergies

The Commission should explore possible synergies between the programme and other relevant programmes in areas such as Justice, Customs and Home Affairs, and ensure that duplication is avoided in the preparation of work programmes. The work programmes should be published on the Commission's website and forwarded to the European Parliament.

Documents
2019/02/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/02/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Budgetary Control adopted the report by José Ignacio SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA (EPP, ES) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the EU Anti-Fraud programme.

The proposed programme would have two general objectives: 1) to protect the financial interests of the European Union and 2) to support mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and collaboration between these and the Commission to ensure the proper application of customs and agricultural legislation.

The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows:

Budget

Members proposed that the financial envelope for the implementation of the programme for the period 2021-2027 should be set at EUR 321 314 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 362 414 000 in current prices), compared with EUR 181 207 000 in current prices proposed by the European Commission.

This envelope would be distributed as follows:

- EUR 202 512 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 228 414 000 in current prices) to prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the Union's financial interests;

- EUR 12 412 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 14 000 000 in current prices) to encourage the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, with regard to shared management and pre-accession aid funds from the Union budget;

- EUR 106,390,000 at 2018 prices (EUR 120,000,000,000 at current prices) to provide tools for the exchange of information and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters.

The Commission would be given the power to redistribute funds between the different objectives. In view of the need to protect the EU’s financial interests, the indicative breakdown should give due consideration to the fact that the programme is the only one specifically to protect the expenditure side of the EU budget.

Co-financing rates

The maximum rates for co-financing for grants under the Programme should not exceed 80 % of the eligible costs. In exceptional and duly justified cases, defined in the work programme, such as cases concerning Member States exposed to a high risk in relation to the financial interests of the Union, the maximum co-financing rate should be set at 90 % of eligible costs.

Synergies

When the supported action requires the acquisition of equipment, the Commission should ensure that the funded equipment contributes to the protection of the Union's financial interests. Members stressed the need to avoid duplication and establish synergies between the programme and other relevant programmes in areas such as Justice, Customs and Home Affairs when preparing work programmes.

Documents
2019/01/29
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2018/12/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/11/26
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/11/23
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/15
   CofA - Court of Auditors: opinion, report
Details

Opinion No 9/2018 of the Court of Auditors on a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the EU anti-fraud programme.

As a reminder, the EU Anti-Fraud Programme would combine Hercule III with the financing basis for the Anti-Fraud Information System (AFIS) and the Irregularity Management System (IMS). While these two systems would continue to be bound operationally by their respective legal instruments (Regulation (EC) No 515/97 for the former and multiple sector-specific regulations for the latter), the AFIS financing provisions would be transferred to the new programme.

The Court welcomed the Commission's initiative to streamline the budgetary management of the programme in this way. However, it considered that there is a risk of overlaps and a lack of synergies with measures to finance similar or identical actions. This calls into question the added value of the programme.

The Court also raised the following issues:

- no comprehensive and documented impact assessment was carried out for the development of the proposal. The Court noted that the Commission did not carry out an evaluation to examine the possible overlaps and synergies between the programme and other EU actions, and better evaluate its added value;

- the proposal does not specify the co-financing rate, i.e. the percentage of the EU contribution to the costs of the actions (the difference being borne by the Member States). The Court recalled its previous recommendation to set a maximum co-financing rate of 50 % for the technical equipment component and 80 % for other actions;

- some of the general and specific objectives are neither measurable nor specific, and the performance indicators are not sufficiently clear and robust. The Court considered that this could limit the monitoring of implementation, the evaluation of results and the effective targeting of funds to actions producing added value. Nor does the proposal specify the frequency of performance reporting.

The Court recommended that the legislative bodies undertake the following as soon as possible to:

- better specify the programme’s objectives and the indicators that would be used to monitor its implementation and evaluate its results;

- clarify the frequency of performance reporting, set maximum co-financing rates and state that evaluations should be carried out by an independent evaluator;

- ask the Commission to carry out an assessment to explore the programme’s overlaps and synergies with other EU actions and to better evaluate its value added.

2018/10/17
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/07/12
   EP - SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA José Ignacio (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in CONT
2018/07/11
   EP - ALI Nedzhmi (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2018/06/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2018/05/30
   EC - Legislative proposal
Details

PURPOSE: to establish the EU anti-fraud programme affecting the EU budget (2021-2027).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: fraud affecting the EU's financial interests is a cross-border phenomenon affecting all EU Member States . Experience shows that the Union's financial interests are impacted by both fraud and irregularities.

The implementation of the past Union multi-annual budgets has been accompanied by a set of measures to support the Member States and the Union as a whole in preventing and fighting fraud affecting the Union's financial interests, and supporting mutual administrative assistance and cooperation in customs and agriculture matters.

These measures include:

the Hercule III spending programme which supports activities against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the Union; the Anti-Fraud Information System (AFIS) which is an operational activity consisting essentially in a set of customs IT applications operated under a common information system managed by the Commission; the Irregularity Management System (IMS) which is a secure electronic communications tool which facilitates the Member States' obligation to report detected irregularities, including fraud, and which supports the management and analysis of these.

Although it is difficult to quantify their financial impact, these measures have contributed to bringing back large amounts of money into the EU budget . For example, Hercule funded the development of the Automated Monitoring Tool (AMT), an IT tool that identifies anomalies in trade flows and was instrumental in identifying large undervaluation fraud schemes in the import of textile and footwear from third countries in 2017.

This proposal aims at streamlining the financial support for these tools , for the duration of the next multi-annual financial framework 2021-2027.

The Commission stressed that the next multiannual financial framework shall be implemented against the background of significant changes in the legislative and institutional framework for the protection of the Union's financial interests, in particular with the establishment of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office and the implementation of Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and the Council on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law.

CONTENT: the proposed Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - seeks to establish the EU anti-fraud programme . It lays down the objectives of the programme, the budget for the period 2021-2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

The new programme is intended to replace the Hercule III programme and shall have a budget of EUR 181 million for the period 2021-2027 . Its general objectives shall be to protect the financial interests of the Union and to support mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and cooperation between the latter and the Commission to ensure the correct application of the law on customs and agricultural matters.

The specific objectives of the programme shall be threefold:

assist Member States and the European Union to prevent and combat fraud , corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the EU's financial interests, by financing activities (technical assistance and training) which otherwise might not be available at national level ( EUR 114.2 million ); support the reporting of irregularities , including fraud, with regard to the shared management and pre-accession assistance funds of the Union budget ( EUR 7 million ); provide tools for information exchange and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters ( EUR 60 million ).

Implementation : the proposal specifies how the programme shall be implemented through grants , including the possible beneficiaries of the grants. The latter include public authorities which are likely to contribute to the achievement of one of the objectives of the programme, from any of the following countries: a Member State or an overseas country or territory linked to it, a third country associated with the programme or a third country listed in a work programme.

The programme shall be implemented by OLAF , the European Anti-Fraud Office.

2018/05/30
   EC - Document attached to the procedure

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0064/2019 - José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra - Am 45D

2019/02/12 Outcome: -: 567, +: 69, 0: 36
?? CY EE EL LU MT DK LV SI LT IE HR FI SK AT BG CZ BE SE HU NL PT PL GB RO FR IT ES DE
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3
1
3
14
6
6
13
8
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9
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12
17
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19
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20
49
63
27
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50
87
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A8-0064/2019 - José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra - Am 46D

2019/02/12 Outcome: -: 544, +: 75, 0: 54
?? CY IE EE EL DK LU MT SK LV SI LT HR CZ AT FI BG BE NL SE PT HU FR PL GB RO ES IT DE
Total
3
1
9
3
14
13
6
6
12
8
8
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10
19
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11
15
18
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17
69
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A8-0064/2019 - José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra - Proposition de la Commission

2019/02/12 Outcome: +: 529, 0: 130, -: 14
DE FR IT ES RO GB PL PT BE NL AT HU CZ BG SE SK FI HR LT IE LV DK SI LU MT EE EL ?? CY
Total
88
69
62
49
27
64
49
20
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17
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12
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AmendmentsDossier
28 2018/0211(COD)
2018/10/03 BUDG 7 amendments...
source: 628.550
2018/12/20 CONT 21 amendments...
source: 632.760

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

events/3/docs
  • url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/CRE-8-2019-02-11-TOC_EN.html title: Debate in Parliament
docs/0
date
2018-05-30T00:00:00
docs
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  • The European Parliament adopted a legislative resolution approving the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Union anti-fraud programme and repealing Regulation (EU) No 250/2014.
  • The proposed regulation aims at establishing the Union anti-fraud programme for the duration of the multiannual financial framework (MFF) 2021-2027, replacing the Hercule III programme.
  • Programme’s objectives
  • The objectives of the programme are to:
  • - protect the Union’s financial interests;
  • - prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the EU's financial interests;
  • - encourage the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, in relation to funds under shared management and pre-accession aid funds of the Union budget;
  • - provide tools for information exchange and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters.
  • The programme should also support investigative activities through the purchase of technical equipment used to detect and investigate fraud and facilitate access to secure information systems.
  • Budget
  • The overall financial envelope for the implementation of the programme for the period 2021-2027 amounts to EUR 181 207 000 in current prices.
  • A ceiling of 2% is set for technical and administrative assistance expenditure related to the implementation of the programme.
  • The Regulation provides for an indicative list of actions to be financed, in order to ensure the continuity of the financing of all the actions entrusted to the Commission under Regulation (EC) No 515/97, in particular the AFIS (anti-fraud information system) platform.
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  • The Council adopted its position at first reading view to the adoption of a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Union Anti-Fraud Programme and repealing Regulation (EU) No 250/2014.
  • The proposed regulation aims at establishing the EU’s anti-fraud programme for the duration of the multiannual financial framework (MFF) 2021-2027.
  • Aim of the programme
  • The proposed new programme aims to:
  • - support Member States' efforts to combat fraud, corruption and other illegal activities and irregularities affecting the financial interests and the budget of the Union;
  • - finance targeted training and the exchange of information and best practice between anti-fraud authorities across Europe.
  • The programme should also support investigative activities through the purchase of technical equipment used to detect and investigate fraud and facilitate access to secure information systems.
  • Budget
  • The financial envelope for the implementation of the programme for the period 2021-2027 should amount to EUR 181 207 000 in current prices.
  • This envelope should be distributed as follows:
  • - EUR 114 207 000 to prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the financial interests of the EU;
  • - EUR 7 000 000 to encourage the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, in relation to shared management and pre-accession aid funds of the Union budget;
  • - EUR 60 000 000 to provide tools for information exchange and support for operational activities in the field of mutual assistance in customs and agricultural matters.
  • A ceiling of 2% is set for technical and administrative assistance expenditure related to the implementation of the programme.
  • Eligible actions
  • To be eligible for funding, the actions supported should, in particular:
  • - provide technical expertise, specialised and technically advanced equipment and efficient IT tools improving transnational and multidisciplinary cooperation and cooperation with the Commission;
  • - enhance staff exchanges for specific projects, ensuring the necessary support and facilitating investigations, in particular the setting up of joint investigation teams and cross-border operations;
  • - provide technical and operational support to national investigations;
  • - strengthen the IT capacity of all Member States and third countries;
  • - organise specialised training, risk analysis workshops, conferences and studies to improve cooperation and coordination between the services concerned.
  • Where the action to be supported involves the acquisition of equipment, the Commission should ensure that the funded equipment is appropriate for the purpose of contributing to the protection of the financial interest of the Union.
  • Co-financing
  • The Council position provides for a maximum co-financing rate for grants of 80% of eligible costs, which in exceptional cases could be increased to a maximum of 90% of eligible costs.
  • Participation of third countries
  • The programme would be open to participation by members of the European Free Trade Association who are members of the European Economic Area (EEA), acceding, candidate and potential candidate countries, as well as countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy.
  • The proposed regulation encourages the participation of entities established in third countries which have concluded an association agreement with the EU, with a view to enhancing the protection of the Union's financial interests through cooperation on customs matters and the exchange of best practices.
  • Programming, monitoring and evaluation
  • The work programme would be adopted by means of implementing acts without recourse to the committee procedure and the Commission could adopt delegated acts to develop a monitoring and evaluation framework for the programme and to amend the annex to the regulation containing a list of monitoring indicators.
  • The Commission should report annually to the European Parliament and the Council on the performance of the programme as part of its report on the protection of the Union's financial interests. It should take due account of the recommendations made by the European Parliament in this context.
events/10/summary
  • The Council adopted its position at first reading view to the adoption of a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Union Anti-Fraud Programme and repealing Regulation (EU) No 250/2014.
  • The proposed regulation aims at establishing the EU’s anti-fraud programme for the duration of the multiannual financial framework (MFF) 2021-2027.
  • Aim of the programme
  • The proposed new programme aims to:
  • - support Member States' efforts to combat fraud, corruption and other illegal activities and irregularities affecting the financial interests and the budget of the Union;
  • - finance targeted training and the exchange of information and best practice between anti-fraud authorities across Europe.
  • The programme should also support investigative activities through the purchase of technical equipment used to detect and investigate fraud and facilitate access to secure information systems.
  • Budget
  • The financial envelope for the implementation of the programme for the period 2021-2027 should amount to EUR 181 207 000 in current prices.
  • This envelope should be distributed as follows:
  • - EUR 114 207 000 to prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the financial interests of the EU;
  • - EUR 7 000 000 to encourage the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, in relation to shared management and pre-accession aid funds of the Union budget;
  • - EUR 60 000 000 to provide tools for information exchange and support for operational activities in the field of mutual assistance in customs and agricultural matters.
  • A ceiling of 2% is set for technical and administrative assistance expenditure related to the implementation of the programme.
  • Eligible actions
  • To be eligible for funding, the actions supported should, in particular:
  • - provide technical expertise, specialised and technically advanced equipment and efficient IT tools improving transnational and multidisciplinary cooperation and cooperation with the Commission;
  • - enhance staff exchanges for specific projects, ensuring the necessary support and facilitating investigations, in particular the setting up of joint investigation teams and cross-border operations;
  • - provide technical and operational support to national investigations;
  • - strengthen the IT capacity of all Member States and third countries;
  • - organise specialised training, risk analysis workshops, conferences and studies to improve cooperation and coordination between the services concerned.
  • Where the action to be supported involves the acquisition of equipment, the Commission should ensure that the funded equipment is appropriate for the purpose of contributing to the protection of the financial interest of the Union.
  • Co-financing
  • The Council position provides for a maximum co-financing rate for grants of 80% of eligible costs, which in exceptional cases could be increased to a maximum of 90% of eligible costs.
  • Participation of third countries
  • The programme would be open to participation by members of the European Free Trade Association who are members of the European Economic Area (EEA), acceding, candidate and potential candidate countries, as well as countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy.
  • The proposed regulation encourages the participation of entities established in third countries which have concluded an association agreement with the EU, with a view to enhancing the protection of the Union's financial interests through cooperation on customs matters and the exchange of best practices.
  • Programming, monitoring and evaluation
  • The work programme would be adopted by means of implementing acts without recourse to the committee procedure and the Commission could adopt delegated acts to develop a monitoring and evaluation framework for the programme and to amend the annex to the regulation containing a list of monitoring indicators.
  • The Commission should report annually to the European Parliament and the Council on the performance of the programme as part of its report on the protection of the Union's financial interests. It should take due account of the recommendations made by the European Parliament in this context.
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  • date: 2018-06-14T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: BUDG date: 2018-07-11T00:00:00 committee_full: Budgets rapporteur: group: ALDE name: ALI Nedzhmi body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: KOHN Arndt responsible: True committee: CONT date: 2018-07-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Budgetary Control rapporteur: group: EPP name: SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA José Ignacio
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  • date: 2018-05-30T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2018:0294:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2018)0294 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2018-10-17T00:00:00 docs: title: CES4019/2018 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2018-11-15T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:C:2019:010:TOC title: OJ C 010 10.01.2019, p. 0001 title: N8-0016/2019 summary: Opinion No 9/2018 of the Court of Auditors on a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the EU anti-fraud programme. As a reminder, the EU Anti-Fraud Programme would combine Hercule III with the financing basis for the Anti-Fraud Information System (AFIS) and the Irregularity Management System (IMS). While these two systems would continue to be bound operationally by their respective legal instruments (Regulation (EC) No 515/97 for the former and multiple sector-specific regulations for the latter), the AFIS financing provisions would be transferred to the new programme. The Court welcomed the Commission's initiative to streamline the budgetary management of the programme in this way. However, it considered that there is a risk of overlaps and a lack of synergies with measures to finance similar or identical actions. This calls into question the added value of the programme. The Court also raised the following issues: - no comprehensive and documented impact assessment was carried out for the development of the proposal. The Court noted that the Commission did not carry out an evaluation to examine the possible overlaps and synergies between the programme and other EU actions, and better evaluate its added value; - the proposal does not specify the co-financing rate, i.e. the percentage of the EU contribution to the costs of the actions (the difference being borne by the Member States). The Court recalled its previous recommendation to set a maximum co-financing rate of 50 % for the technical equipment component and 80 % for other actions; - some of the general and specific objectives are neither measurable nor specific, and the performance indicators are not sufficiently clear and robust. The Court considered that this could limit the monitoring of implementation, the evaluation of results and the effective targeting of funds to actions producing added value. Nor does the proposal specify the frequency of performance reporting. The Court recommended that the legislative bodies undertake the following as soon as possible to: - better specify the programme’s objectives and the indicators that would be used to monitor its implementation and evaluate its results; - clarify the frequency of performance reporting, set maximum co-financing rates and state that evaluations should be carried out by an independent evaluator; - ask the Commission to carry out an assessment to explore the programme’s overlaps and synergies with other EU actions and to better evaluate its value added. type: Court of Auditors: opinion, report body: CofA
  • date: 2018-11-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE626.966&secondRef=02 title: PE626.966 committee: BUDG type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2018-11-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE630.376 title: PE630.376 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE632.760 title: PE632.760 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2019-04-16T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=32164&j=0&l=en title: SP(2019)354 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2018-05-30T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0386/COM_COM(2018)0386_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0386 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0386 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to establish the EU anti-fraud programme affecting the EU budget (2021-2027). PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council. BACKGROUND: fraud affecting the EU's financial interests is a cross-border phenomenon affecting all EU Member States . Experience shows that the Union's financial interests are impacted by both fraud and irregularities. The implementation of the past Union multi-annual budgets has been accompanied by a set of measures to support the Member States and the Union as a whole in preventing and fighting fraud affecting the Union's financial interests, and supporting mutual administrative assistance and cooperation in customs and agriculture matters. These measures include: the Hercule III spending programme which supports activities against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the Union; the Anti-Fraud Information System (AFIS) which is an operational activity consisting essentially in a set of customs IT applications operated under a common information system managed by the Commission; the Irregularity Management System (IMS) which is a secure electronic communications tool which facilitates the Member States' obligation to report detected irregularities, including fraud, and which supports the management and analysis of these. Although it is difficult to quantify their financial impact, these measures have contributed to bringing back large amounts of money into the EU budget . For example, Hercule funded the development of the Automated Monitoring Tool (AMT), an IT tool that identifies anomalies in trade flows and was instrumental in identifying large undervaluation fraud schemes in the import of textile and footwear from third countries in 2017. This proposal aims at streamlining the financial support for these tools , for the duration of the next multi-annual financial framework 2021-2027. The Commission stressed that the next multiannual financial framework shall be implemented against the background of significant changes in the legislative and institutional framework for the protection of the Union's financial interests, in particular with the establishment of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office and the implementation of Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and the Council on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law. CONTENT: the proposed Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - seeks to establish the EU anti-fraud programme . It lays down the objectives of the programme, the budget for the period 2021-2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding. The new programme is intended to replace the Hercule III programme and shall have a budget of EUR 181 million for the period 2021-2027 . Its general objectives shall be to protect the financial interests of the Union and to support mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and cooperation between the latter and the Commission to ensure the correct application of the law on customs and agricultural matters. The specific objectives of the programme shall be threefold: assist Member States and the European Union to prevent and combat fraud , corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the EU's financial interests, by financing activities (technical assistance and training) which otherwise might not be available at national level ( EUR 114.2 million ); support the reporting of irregularities , including fraud, with regard to the shared management and pre-accession assistance funds of the Union budget ( EUR 7 million ); provide tools for information exchange and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters ( EUR 60 million ). Implementation : the proposal specifies how the programme shall be implemented through grants , including the possible beneficiaries of the grants. The latter include public authorities which are likely to contribute to the achievement of one of the objectives of the programme, from any of the following countries: a Member State or an overseas country or territory linked to it, a third country associated with the programme or a third country listed in a work programme. The programme shall be implemented by OLAF , the European Anti-Fraud Office.
  • date: 2018-06-14T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2019-01-29T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2019-02-05T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2019-0064&language=EN title: A8-0064/2019 summary: The Committee on Budgetary Control adopted the report by José Ignacio SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA (EPP, ES) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the EU Anti-Fraud programme. The proposed programme would have two general objectives: 1) to protect the financial interests of the European Union and 2) to support mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and collaboration between these and the Commission to ensure the proper application of customs and agricultural legislation. The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows: Budget Members proposed that the financial envelope for the implementation of the programme for the period 2021-2027 should be set at EUR 321 314 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 362 414 000 in current prices), compared with EUR 181 207 000 in current prices proposed by the European Commission. This envelope would be distributed as follows: - EUR 202 512 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 228 414 000 in current prices) to prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the Union's financial interests; - EUR 12 412 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 14 000 000 in current prices) to encourage the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, with regard to shared management and pre-accession aid funds from the Union budget; - EUR 106,390,000 at 2018 prices (EUR 120,000,000,000 at current prices) to provide tools for the exchange of information and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters. The Commission would be given the power to redistribute funds between the different objectives. In view of the need to protect the EU’s financial interests, the indicative breakdown should give due consideration to the fact that the programme is the only one specifically to protect the expenditure side of the EU budget. Co-financing rates The maximum rates for co-financing for grants under the Programme should not exceed 80 % of the eligible costs. In exceptional and duly justified cases, defined in the work programme, such as cases concerning Member States exposed to a high risk in relation to the financial interests of the Union, the maximum co-financing rate should be set at 90 % of eligible costs. Synergies When the supported action requires the acquisition of equipment, the Commission should ensure that the funded equipment contributes to the protection of the Union's financial interests. Members stressed the need to avoid duplication and establish synergies between the programme and other relevant programmes in areas such as Justice, Customs and Home Affairs when preparing work programmes.
  • date: 2019-02-11T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190211&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2019-02-12T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=32164&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2019-02-12T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0068 title: T8-0068/2019 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 529 votes to 14 with 130 abstentions a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the EU Anti-Fraud programme. The proposed programme would have two general objectives: 1) to protect the financial interests of the European Union and 2) to support mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and collaboration between these and the Commission to ensure the proper application of customs and agricultural legislation. The position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows: Budget Members proposed that the financial envelope for the implementation of the programme for the period 2021-2027 should be set at EUR 321 314 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 362 414 000 in current prices), compared with EUR 181 207 000 in current prices proposed by the European Commission. This envelope would be distributed as follows: - EUR 202 512 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 228 414 000 in current prices) to prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the Union's financial interests; - EUR 12 412 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 14 000 000 in current prices) to encourage the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, with regard to shared management and pre-accession aid funds from the Union budget; - EUR 106,390,000 at 2018 prices (EUR 120,000,000,000 at current prices) to provide tools for the exchange of information and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters. The Commission would be given the power to redistribute funds between the different objectives. In view of the need to protect the EU’s financial interests, the indicative breakdown should give due consideration to the fact that the programme is the only one specifically to protect the expenditure side of the EU budget. Eligible actions To be eligible for funding, the actions supported should include: - provide technical knowledge and provide specialised and technically advanced equipment and effective IT tools improving transnational and multidisciplinary cooperation and cooperation with the Commission; - intensify staff exchanges in the context of specific projects and facilitate investigations, including the establishment of investigation teams and joint cross-border operations; - provide technical and operational support to national surveys; - strengthen the IT capacities of all Member States and third countries; - organise specialised training, risk analysis workshops, conferences and studies aimed at improving cooperation and coordination between the services concerned. When the supported action requires the acquisition of equipment, the Commission should ensure that the funded equipment contributes to the protection of the Union's financial interests. Co-financing rates The maximum rates for co-financing for grants under the Programme should not exceed 80 % of the eligible costs. In exceptional and duly justified cases, defined in the work programme, such as cases concerning Member States exposed to a high risk in relation to the financial interests of the Union, the maximum co-financing rate should be set at 90 % of eligible costs. Synergies The Commission should explore possible synergies between the programme and other relevant programmes in areas such as Justice, Customs and Home Affairs, and ensure that duplication is avoided in the preparation of work programmes. The work programmes should be published on the Commission's website and forwarded to the European Parliament.
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Old
Regulation
New
  • Regulation
  • Repealing Regulation (EU) No 250/2014 2011/0454(COD)
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting committee decision
New
Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation
procedure/subject
Old
  • 8.70.04 Protecting financial interests of the EU against fraud
New
8.70.04
Protecting financial interests of the EU against fraud
procedure/summary
  • Repealing Regulation (EU) No 250/2014
activities/0/commission/0
DG
Commissioner
OETTINGER Günther
activities/0/docs/0/text
  • PURPOSE: to establish the EU anti-fraud programme affecting the EU budget (2021-2027).

    PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

    BACKGROUND: fraud affecting the EU's financial interests is a cross-border phenomenon affecting all EU Member States. Experience shows that the Union's financial interests are impacted by both fraud and irregularities.

    The implementation of the past Union multi-annual budgets has been accompanied by a set of measures to support the Member States and the Union as a whole in preventing and fighting fraud affecting the Union's financial interests, and supporting mutual administrative assistance and cooperation in customs and agriculture matters.

    These measures include:

    • the Hercule III spending programme which supports activities against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the Union;
    • the Anti-Fraud Information System (AFIS) which is an operational activity consisting essentially in a set of customs IT applications operated under a common information system managed by the Commission;
    • the Irregularity Management System (IMS) which is a secure electronic communications tool which facilitates the Member States' obligation to report detected irregularities, including fraud, and which supports the management and analysis of these.

    Although it is difficult to quantify their financial impact, these measures have contributed to bringing back large amounts of money into the EU budget. For example, Hercule funded the development of the Automated Monitoring Tool (AMT), an IT tool that identifies anomalies in trade flows and was instrumental in identifying large undervaluation fraud schemes in the import of textile and footwear from third countries in 2017.

    This proposal aims at streamlining the financial support for these tools, for the duration of the next multi-annual financial framework 2021-2027.

    The Commission stressed that the next multiannual financial framework shall be implemented against the background of significant changes in the legislative and institutional framework for the protection of the Union's financial interests, in particular with the establishment of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office and the implementation of Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and the Council on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law.

    CONTENT: the proposed Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - seeks to establish the EU anti-fraud programme.  It lays down the objectives of the programme, the budget for the period 2021-2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.  

    The new programme is intended to replace the Hercule III programme and shall have a budget of EUR 181 million for the period 2021-2027. Its general objectives shall be to protect the financial interests of the Union and to support mutual assistance between the administrative authorities of the Member States and cooperation between the latter and the Commission to ensure the correct application of the law on customs and agricultural matters.

    The specific objectives of the programme shall be threefold: 

    • assist Member States and the European Union to prevent and combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the EU's financial interests, by financing activities (technical assistance and training) which otherwise might not be available at national level (EUR 114.2 million);
    • support the reporting of irregularities, including fraud, with regard to the shared management and pre-accession assistance funds of the Union budget (EUR 7 million);
    • provide tools for information exchange and support for operational activities in the field of mutual administrative assistance in customs and agricultural matters (EUR 60 million).

    Implementation: the proposal specifies how the programme shall be implemented through grants, including the possible beneficiaries of the grants. The latter include public authorities which are likely to contribute to the achievement of one of the objectives of the programme, from any of the following countries: a Member State or an overseas country or territory linked to it, a third country associated with the programme or a third country listed in a work programme.

    The programme shall be implemented by OLAF, the European Anti-Fraud Office.

activities/1
date
2018-06-14T00:00:00
body
EP
type
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
committees
committees/0/date
2018-07-11T00:00:00
committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: ALI Nedzhmi
committees/1/date
2018-07-12T00:00:00
committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: EPP name: SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA José Ignacio
committees/1/shadows
  • group: S&D name: KOHN Arndt
other/0
body
EC
dg
commissioner
OETTINGER Günther
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
CONT/8/13488
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Preparatory phase in Parliament
New
Awaiting committee decision
activities
  • date: 2018-05-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0386/COM_COM(2018)0386_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52018PC0386:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2018)0386 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC commission:
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG
  • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Budgetary Control committee: CONT
links
other
    procedure
    reference
    2018/0211(COD)
    instrument
    Regulation
    legal_basis
    stage_reached
    Preparatory phase in Parliament
    summary
    Repealing Regulation (EU) No 250/2014
    subtype
    Legislation
    title
    EU anti-fraud programme 2021–2027
    type
    COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
    subject
    8.70.04 Protecting financial interests of the EU against fraud