BETA


2018/0212(COD) European Investment Stabilisation Function 2021–2027

Progress: Awaiting committee decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead BUDG
Lead ECON
Former Responsible Committee BUDG BÖGE Reimer (icon: PPE PPE), BERÈS Pervenche (icon: S&D S&D), ARTHUIS Jean (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Responsible Committee ECON BÖGE Reimer (icon: PPE PPE), BERÈS Pervenche (icon: S&D S&D), ARTHUIS Jean (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion EMPL
Former Committee Opinion EMPL CALVET CHAMBON Enrique (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 58, TFEU 175-p3

Events

2018/12/06
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/11/09
   ECB - European Central Bank: opinion, guideline, report
Details

OPINION of the European Central Bank (ECB) on a proposal for a regulation on the establishment of a European Investment Stabilisation Function.

The establishment of the European Investment Stabilisation Function (EISF) aims to protect national public investment in the presence of large asymmetric macroeconomic shocks in Member States whose currency is the euro and in non-euro area Member States participating in the exchange rate mechanism (ERM II).

General observations

The ECB highlights the following points:

- when it is created, the EISF should ensure that it provides effective macroeconomic stabilisation, particularly in the presence of deep euro area-wide recessions. To that end, a fiscal stabilisation function should be sufficient in size;

- effective stabilisation also requires that EISF support is triggered and implemented in a timely manner. The EISF trigger that is envisaged is related to average unemployment over a 60-quarter period. This long period of time appears unwarranted, given that the current unemployment could be far from the 60-quarter average for countries that have experienced a strong upward or downward trend in unemployment over the preceding 15 years;

- EISF support should complement incentives for sound national fiscal and economic policies and, in particular, for reforms aimed at addressing national structural challenges and strengthening compliance with the Union's fiscal and macroeconomic surveillance framework. EISF support should be linked to the participating Member State's past track record of full respect for the Union's fiscal and macroeconomic surveillance framework. Against this background, the envisaged eligibility criteria appear weak;

- a prospective stabilisation function should provide incentives for Member States to build fiscal buffers in good economic times, which may suffer depletion in recessions;

Lastly, clarity would be required regarding: (i) the interaction between the proposed regulation and the use of flexibility within the SGP, notably as regards the provisions of the so-called ‘investment clause’, which has a similar objective to the EISF, i.e. to maintain investment in difficult economic times; (ii) a provision to ensure that the level of EISF support is commensurate with the level required to maintain debt sustainability.

Specific observations

The ECB stresses the following:

- the principle of institutional independence expressly referred to in Article 130 of the Treaty and Article 7 of the Statute of the ESCB. These two articles prohibit the NCBs in the ESCB and the members of their decision making bodies from seeking or taking instructions from Union institutions, bodies, offices or agencies, from any government of a Member State or from any other body. In addition, the Union institutions, bodies, offices or agencies, and the governments of the Member States undertake to respect this principle and not to seek to influence the members of the NCBs' decision-making bodies in the performance of their ESCB-related tasks;

- the principle of financial independence requires that NCBs have sufficient means to perform their ESCB-related and national tasks;

- the readiness of the ECB to establish with the Commission the necessary arrangements for the administration of the loans, and to receive from the Member State concerned the principal and interest due under an EISF loan into an account held with the ECB, as envisaged by the proposed regulation.

2018/10/26
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/22
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/17
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/09/27
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/08/29
   EP - Former Committee Opinion
2018/07/13
   FR_ASSEMBLY - Contribution
Documents
2018/07/05
   EP - Referral to joint committee announced in Parliament
2018/07/05
   EP - Former Responsible Committee
2018/07/05
   EP - Former Responsible Committee
2018/06/11
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/05/31
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/05/31
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/05/31
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish a European investment stabilisation function (EISF) for the period 2021-2027.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: d eepening the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and modernising EU public finances are key strands in the debate on the future of Europe initiated by the Commission's White Paper of 1 March 2017.

The financial crisis has shown that in the euro area available instruments such as the single monetary policy, automatic fiscal stabilisers and discretionary fiscal policy measures at national level are insufficient to absorb large asymmetric shocks. However, due to the architecture of the EMU with a centralised single monetary policy but a decentralised fiscal policy at national level, euro area Member States are insufficiently capable to absorb large asymmetric shocks in isolation .

By complementing the role of the existing national automatic stabilisers, the European investment stabilisation mechanism proposed by the Commission should help stabilise levels of public investment and facilitate rapid economic recovery in the event of major economic shocks in euro area Member States and in those participating in the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM II).

The package builds, in particular, on the Five Presidents' Report on completing Europe's Economic and Monetary Union of 22 June 2015 and on the Commission's reflection paper on the deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union of 31 May 2017.

CONTENT: the proposed Regulation seeks to establish a European investment stabilisation function (EISF).

The EISF shall provide financial assistance in the form of loans and interest rate subsidies for public investment to a Member State which is experiencing a large asymmetric shock in order to enhance cohesion.

EISF support shall be available for Member States whose currency is the euro and for other Member States that participate in the exchange rate mechanism (ERM II).

Eligibility and activation criteria : the decision-making procedure allows for a lean and swift mobilisation and disbursement of support by the Commission following the fulfilment of clearly defined eligibility and activation criteria as well as a criterion determining the public investment that should be supported.

The Commission's decision to provide support under the instrument shall be subject to strict eligibility criteria based on compliance with decisions and recommendations under the Union's fiscal and macro-economic surveillance framework .

Activation criteria for support shall be determined by a double unemployment trigger which is based on both the national unemployment rate compared to its past average and the change in unemployment compared to a certain threshold in the last year.

In addition, Member States shall invest the support under the EISF in eligible public investment and maintain the level of public investment in general compared to the average public investment over the last five years . They shall also give priority to maintaining eligible investment in programmes supported by the Union under the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion fund, the European Social Fund, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development..

Stabilisation Support Fund : the proposal provides for the establishment of the Stabilisation Support Fund and its use. The Fund shall be endowed with contributions by Member States in accordance with an intergovernmental agreement which determines the method for calculating them and the rules regarding their transfer. For euro area Member States, national contributions shall be calculated as a percentage of the monetary income allocated to the euro area Member States’ national central banks.

The Fund shall only be used to pay the interest rate subsidy and shall be administered by the Commission on the basis of a prudent and safe investment strategy.

The proposed Regulation also provides for a potential involvement by the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) or its legal successor in case the latter would autonomously decide in the future to also provide financial assistance in support of public investment to cater for macro-economic stabilisation purposes.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS:

the loans that the proposed instrument allows the Commission to grant to Member States would be subject to a fixed ceiling of EUR 30 billion . Such loans constitute contingent liabilities for the EU budget in the event of a default on a loan repayment by a Member State granted under the scheme; the interest rate subsidy shall be financed by a Stabilisation Support Fund endowed with annual national contributions based on the share of the Eurosystem’s monetary income allocated to the national central bank of each euro area Member State. These national contributions constitute externally assigned revenue and have no impact on the EU budget.

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
503 2018/0212(COD)
2018/10/16 EMPL 78 amendments...
source: 629.408
2018/11/08 BUDG, ECON 219 amendments...
source: 630.444
2018/11/09 BUDG, ECON 206 amendments...
source: 630.417

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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      text
      • PURPOSE: to establish a European investment stabilisation function (EISF) for the period 2021-2027.

        PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

        ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

        BACKGROUND: deepening the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and modernising EU public finances are key strands in the debate on the future of Europe initiated by the Commission's White Paper of 1 March 2017. 

        The financial crisis has shown that in the euro area available instruments such as the single monetary policy, automatic fiscal stabilisers and discretionary fiscal policy measures at national level are insufficient to absorb large asymmetric shocks. However, due to the architecture of the EMU with a centralised single monetary policy but a decentralised fiscal policy at national level, euro area Member States are insufficiently capable to absorb large asymmetric shocks in isolation.

        By complementing the role of the existing national automatic stabilisers, the European investment stabilisation mechanism proposed by the Commission should help stabilise levels of public investment and facilitate rapid economic recovery in the event of major economic shocks in euro area Member States and in those participating in the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM II).

        The package builds, in particular, on the Five Presidents' Report on completing Europe's Economic and Monetary Union of 22 June 2015 and on the Commission's reflection paper on the deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union of 31 May 2017.

        CONTENT: the proposed Regulation seeks to establish a European investment stabilisation function (EISF).

        The EISF shall provide financial assistance in the form of loans and interest rate subsidies for public investment to a Member State which is experiencing a large asymmetric shock in order to enhance cohesion.

        EISF support shall be available for Member States whose currency is the euro and for other Member States that participate in the exchange rate mechanism (ERM II).

        Eligibility and activation criteria: the decision-making procedure allows for a lean and swift mobilisation and disbursement of support by the Commission following the fulfilment of clearly defined eligibility and activation criteria as well as a criterion determining the public investment that should be supported.

        The Commission's decision to provide support under the instrument shall be subject to strict eligibility criteria based on compliance with decisions and recommendations under the Union's fiscal and macro-economic surveillance framework.

        Activation criteria for support shall be determined by a double unemployment trigger which is based on both the national unemployment rate compared to its past average and the change in unemployment compared to a certain threshold in the last year.

        In addition, Member States shall invest the support under the EISF in eligible public investment and maintain the level of public investment in general compared to the average public investment over the last five years. They shall also give priority to maintaining eligible investment in programmes supported by the Union under the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion fund, the European Social Fund, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development..

        Stabilisation Support Fund: the proposal provides for the establishment of the Stabilisation Support Fund and its use. The Fund shall be endowed with contributions by Member States in accordance with an intergovernmental agreement which determines the method for calculating them and the rules regarding their transfer. For euro area Member States, national contributions shall be calculated as a percentage of the monetary income allocated to the euro area Member States’ national central banks.

        The Fund shall only be used to pay the interest rate subsidy and shall be administered by the Commission on the basis of a prudent and safe investment strategy.

        The proposed Regulation also provides for a potential involvement by the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) or its legal successor in case the latter would autonomously decide in the future to also provide financial assistance in support of public investment to cater for macro-economic stabilisation purposes.

        BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS:

        • the loans that the proposed instrument allows the Commission to grant to Member States would be subject to a fixed ceiling of EUR 30 billion. Such loans constitute contingent liabilities for the EU budget in the event of a default on a loan repayment by a Member State granted under the scheme;
        • the interest rate subsidy shall be financed by a Stabilisation Support Fund endowed with annual national contributions based on the share of the Eurosystem’s monetary income allocated to the national central bank of each euro area Member State. These national contributions constitute externally assigned revenue and have no impact on the EU budget.
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            • PURPOSE: to establish a European investment stabilisation function (EISF) for the period 2021-2027.

              PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

              ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

              BACKGROUND: deepening the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and modernising EU public finances are key strands in the debate on the future of Europe initiated by the Commission's White Paper of 1 March 2017. 

              The financial crisis has shown that in the euro area available instruments such as the single monetary policy, automatic fiscal stabilisers and discretionary fiscal policy measures at national level are insufficient to absorb large asymmetric shocks. However, due to the architecture of the EMU with a centralised single monetary policy but a decentralised fiscal policy at national level, euro area Member States are insufficiently capable to absorb large asymmetric shocks in isolation.

              By complementing the role of the existing national automatic stabilisers, the European investment stabilisation mechanism proposed by the Commission should help stabilise levels of public investment and facilitate rapid economic recovery in the event of major economic shocks in euro area Member States and in those participating in the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM II).

              The package builds, in particular, on the Five Presidents' Report on completing Europe's Economic and Monetary Union of 22 June 2015 and on the Commission's reflection paper on the deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union of 31 May 2017.

              CONTENT: the proposed Regulation seeks to establish a European investment stabilisation function (EISF).

              The EISF shall provide financial assistance in the form of loans and interest rate subsidies for public investment to a Member State which is experiencing a large asymmetric shock in order to enhance cohesion.

              EISF support shall be available for Member States whose currency is the euro and for other Member States that participate in the exchange rate mechanism (ERM II).

              Eligibility and activation criteria: the decision-making procedure allows for a lean and swift mobilisation and disbursement of support by the Commission following the fulfilment of clearly defined eligibility and activation criteria as well as a criterion determining the public investment that should be supported.

              The Commission's decision to provide support under the instrument shall be subject to strict eligibility criteria based on compliance with decisions and recommendations under the Union's fiscal and macro-economic surveillance framework.

              Activation criteria for support shall be determined by a double unemployment trigger which is based on both the national unemployment rate compared to its past average and the change in unemployment compared to a certain threshold in the last year.

              In addition, Member States shall invest the support under the EISF in eligible public investment and maintain the level of public investment in general compared to the average public investment over the last five years. They shall also give priority to maintaining eligible investment in programmes supported by the Union under the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion fund, the European Social Fund, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development..

              Stabilisation Support Fund: the proposal provides for the establishment of the Stabilisation Support Fund and its use. The Fund shall be endowed with contributions by Member States in accordance with an intergovernmental agreement which determines the method for calculating them and the rules regarding their transfer. For euro area Member States, national contributions shall be calculated as a percentage of the monetary income allocated to the euro area Member States’ national central banks.

              The Fund shall only be used to pay the interest rate subsidy and shall be administered by the Commission on the basis of a prudent and safe investment strategy.

              The proposed Regulation also provides for a potential involvement by the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) or its legal successor in case the latter would autonomously decide in the future to also provide financial assistance in support of public investment to cater for macro-economic stabilisation purposes.

              BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS:

              • the loans that the proposed instrument allows the Commission to grant to Member States would be subject to a fixed ceiling of EUR 30 billion. Such loans constitute contingent liabilities for the EU budget in the event of a default on a loan repayment by a Member State granted under the scheme;
              • the interest rate subsidy shall be financed by a Stabilisation Support Fund endowed with annual national contributions based on the share of the Eurosystem’s monetary income allocated to the national central bank of each euro area Member State. These national contributions constitute externally assigned revenue and have no impact on the EU budget.
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                2018/0212(COD)
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                European Investment Stabilisation Function 2021–2027
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                • 5.20.01 Coordination of monetary policies, European Monetary Institute (EMI), Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)