BETA


2018/0224(COD) Horizon Europe framework programme for research and innovation 2021–2027

Progress: Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE NICA Dan (icon: S&D S&D) EHLER Christian (icon: PPE PPE), TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen (icon: ECR ECR), WIERINCK Lieve (icon: ALDE ALDE), SYLIKIOTIS Neoklis (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), DALUNDE Jakop (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), D'AMATO Rosa (icon: EFDD EFDD), KAPPEL Barbara (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion AFET
Committee Opinion DEVE SÁNCHEZ CALDENTEY Lola (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion BUDG TORVALDS Nils (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion CONT DLABAJOVÁ Martina (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion ENVI BUŞOI Cristian-Silviu (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion TRAN VIRKKUNEN Henna (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion REGI VAN NISTELROOIJ Lambert (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion AGRI KATAINEN Elsi (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion PECH
Committee Opinion CULT MORGANO Luigi (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 59-p4, TFEU 173-p3, TFEU 182-p1, TFEU 183

Events

2019/04/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 578 votes to 40, with 41 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing Horizon Europe – the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, laying down its rules for participation and dissemination.

The European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission's proposal.

Objective

Following on from the Horizon 2020 programme, the proposed Regulation seeks to establish the Horizon Europe - Framework Programme for Research and Innovation for the period 2021-2027. Its general objective is to:

deliver scientific, technological, economic and societal impact from the Union’s investments in research and innovation so as to strengthen the scientific and technological bases of the Union as a whole, to strengthen the European Research Area and foster its competitiveness in all Member States; contribute to the realisation of EU objectives and policies, contribute to tackling global challenges, including the Sustainable Development Goals by following the principles of the Agenda 2030 and the Paris Agreement; strengthen the European Research Area.

The Programme shall thus maximise Union added value by focusing on objectives and activities that cannot be effectively realised by Member States acting alone, but in cooperation.

It has the following specific objectives:

to develop, promote and advance scientific excellence, support the creation and diffusion of high-quality new fundamental and applied knowledge, skills, technologies and solutions, training and mobility of researchers, attract talent at all levels and contribute to full engagement of Union's talent pool in actions supported under this Programme; to generate knowledge, strengthen the impact of research and innovation in developing, supporting and implementing Union policies and support the access to and uptake of innovative solutions in European industry, notably in SMEs, and society to address global challenges, including climate change and the Sustainable Development Goals; to foster all forms of innovation, facilitate technological development, demonstration and knowledge and technology transfer, strengthen deployment and exploitation of innovative solutions; to optimise the Programme's delivery for strengthening and increasing the impact and attractiveness of the European Research Area, to foster the excellence-based participations from all Member States, including low R&I performing Member States, in Horizon Europe and to facilitate collaborative links in European research and innovation.

Principles of the Programme

The Programme shall:

ensure a multidisciplinary approach and shall foresee, where appropriate, the integration of social sciences and humanities across all clusters and activities developed under the Programme; ensure the effective promotion and integration of cooperation with third countries and international organisations and initiatives based on mutual benefits, EU interests, international commitments and, where appropriate, reciprocity; assist widening countries to increase participation in Horizon Europe and to promote broad geographical coverage in collaborative projects ; ensure the effective promotion of equal opportunities for all, and the implementation of gender mainstreaming, and of the gender dimension in the research and innovation content and shall aim to address the causes of gender imbalance; ensure to the extent possible gender balance, in evaluation panels and in other relevant advisory bodies such as boards and expert groups; be implemented in synergy with other Union funding programmes while seeking maximal administrative simplification; contribute to increasing public and private investment in R&I in Member States thereby helping to reach an overall investment of at least 3% of Union gross domestic product (GDP) in research and development; promote co-creation and co-design through engagement of citizens and civil society.

The Commission when implementing the programme shall aim at continuous administrative simplification and reduction of the burden for the applicants and beneficiaries.

Budget

Parliament proposed to set the financial envelope for the implementation of the Framework Programme for the period 2021-2027 at EUR 120 million in 2018 prices . This shall be distributed as follows:

Pillar I: Excellent and Open Science (European Research Council, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions): 27.42%; Pillar II: Global Challenges and European Industrial Competitiveness: 55.48%; Pillar III: Innovative Europe: 12.71%. 4.39% for the Part 'Strengthening the European Research Area'.

In order to respond to unforeseen situations or to new developments and needs, the Commission may, within the annual budgetary procedure, deviate from the amounts referred to above up to a maximum of 10%, including the allocation of the contributions from associated countries.

As part of the general Union objective of mainstreaming climate actions into EU sectoral policies and EU funds, actions under this Programme shall contribute at least 35% of the expenditure to climate objectives where appropriate. Climate mainstreaming shall be adequately integrated in research and innovation content.

45% of the budget of cluster ‘Inclusive and Creative Society’ shall support research on cultural and creative sectors, including the Union’s cultural heritage, that shall include EUR 300 million to be earmarked for the creation of a European Cultural Heritage Cloud.

At least EUR 1 billion should be spent on quantum research.

The European Innovation Council

The Commission shall establish a European Innovation Council (EIC) as a centrally-managed "one stop shop" for implementing actions under Pillar III 'Innovative Europe‘ which relate to the EIC. At least 70% of EIC budget shall be dedicated to SMEs, including start-ups.

Documents
2019/04/16
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/01/16
   FR_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/12/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 548 votes to 70, with 49 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing Horizon Europe – the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, laying down its rules for participation and dissemination.

The issue was referred back to the committee for interinstitutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary concern the following points:

Objective

Following on from the Horizon 2020 programme, the proposed Regulation seeks to establish the Horizon Europe - Framework Programme for Research and Innovation for the period 2021-2027. It lays down the rules for participation and dissemination of results applicable to indirect actions carried out under the programme and establish the framework for EU support for research and innovation activities.

The Programme’s general objective is to deliver scientific, technological, economic and societal impact from the Union’s investments in research and innovation so as to strengthen the scientific and technological bases of the Union as a whole, to strengthen the European Research Area and foster its competitiveness. Research and industry shall deliver on the Union strategic priorities and policies, contribute to addressing global challenges, including the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement as well as contribute to achieving an overall investment of 3% of the GDP invested in research and development, in line with the commitment made by the Union Heads of State and Governments.

The Programme has the following specific objectives :

- develop, promote and spread scientific and technological excellence;

- support the creation and diffusion of high-quality knowledge, skills, technologies and solutions, based on both fundamental and applied research, in order to tackle global challenges, including climate change and Sustainable Development goals;

- significantly reduce the research and innovation divide within the Union, in particular by increasing participation in Horizon Europe of low R&I performing Member States as compared to the previous Framework Programme;

- strengthen the Union added value of research, development and innovation (RDI) funding, the impact of research and innovation in developing, supporting and implementing Union policies, and support the access to and uptake of innovative solutions in society and European industry;

- foster all forms of innovation and strengthen market deployment and exploitation of RDI results especially within the Union;

- optimise the Programme's delivery for strengthening and increasing the impact and RDI attractiveness of the European Research Area.

Budget

The proposed financial envelope for the implementation of the Framework Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 120 million in 2018 prices . This shall be distributed as follows:

Pillar I: Excellent and Open Science (European Research Council, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions): 27.42%;

Pillar II: Global Challenges and European Industrial Competitiveness : 55.48%;

Pillar III: Innovative Europe : 12.71%. 4.39% for the Part 'Strengthening the European Research Area'.

In order to respond to unforeseen situations or to new developments and needs, the Commission may, within the annual budgetary procedure, deviate from the amounts referred to above up to a maximum of 10%, including the allocation of the contributions from associated countries.

As part of the general Union objective of mainstreaming climate actions and of spending 30% of the Union budget in support of climate objectives , actions under the Programme shall contribute at least 35% of the expenditure under the Programme to climate objectives where appropriate.

At least EUR 2.5 billion shall be dedicated to grants for incremental innovation in SMEs.

45% of the budget of cluster ‘Inclusive and Creative Society’ shall support research on cultural and creative sectors, including the Union’s cultural heritage, that shall include EUR 300 million to be earmarked for the creation of a European Cultural Heritage Cloud.

At least EUR 1 billion should be spent on quantum research.

EU funding principles

Research and innovation activities carried out under Horizon Europe shall: (i) have an exclusive focus on civil applications. Budgetary transfers between the Programme and the European Defence Fund shall not be permitted; (ii) ensure a multidisciplinary approach; (iii) aim to significantly reduce the RDI divide within the Union and to promote broad geographical coverage in collaborative projects; (iv) ensure the effective promotion of gender equality and the gender dimension in research and innovation content.

Documents
2018/12/12
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2018/12/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/11/29
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/11/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy Dan adopted the report by Dan NICA (S&D, RO) the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing Horizon Europe – the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, laying down its rules for participation and dissemination.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

As a reminder, Horizon 2020 aims to bring together all existing EU research and innovation funding currently provided through the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7), the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) and the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT).

Although synergies between Horizon Europe and the European Defence Fund could be encouraged while avoiding duplication, actions under Horizon Europe should have an exclusive focus on civilian applications .

Subject matter : the proposed Regulation seeks to establish Horizon Europe - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation and the rules for participation and dissemination in indirect actions under the Programme and determines the framework governing Union support to research and innovation activities. It lays down the objectives of the Programme, the budget for the period 2021 – 2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

Objectives : the Programme’s general objective is to deliver scientific, technological, economic and societal impact from the Union’s investments in research and innovation so as to strengthen the scientific and technological bases of the Union as a whole, to strengthen the European Research Area and foster its competitiveness. Research and industry shall deliver on the Union strategic priorities and policies, contribute to addressing global challenges, including the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement as well as contribute to achieving an overall investment of 3% of the GDP invested in research and development, in line with the commitment made by the Union Heads of State and Governments.

The Programme has the following specific objectives:

develop, promote and spread scientific and technological excellence ; support the creation and diffusion of high-quality knowledge, skills, technologies and solutions, based on both fundamental and applied research, in order to tackle global challenges, including climate change and Sustainable Development goals; significantly reduce the research and innovation divide within the Union, in particular by increasing participation in Horizon Europe of low R&I performing Member States as compared to the previous Framework Programme; strengthen the Union added value of research, development and innovation (RDI) funding, the impact of research and innovation in developing, supporting and implementing Union policies, and support the access to and uptake of innovative solutions in society and European industry; foster all forms of innovation and strengthen market deployment and exploitation of RDI results especially within the Union; optimise the Programme's delivery for strengthening and increasing the impact and RDI attractiveness of the European Research Area.

Budget : the proposed financial envelope for the implementation of the Framework Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 120 million in 2018 prices. This shall be distributed as follows:

Pillar I: Excellent and Open Science : 27.42%; Pillar II: Global Challenges and European Industrial Competitiveness : 55.48%; Pillar III: Innovative Europe : 12.71%. 4.39% for the Part 'Strengthening the European Research Area'.

In order to respond to unforeseen situations or to new developments and needs , the Commission may, within the annual budgetary procedure, deviate from the amounts referred to above up to a maximum of 10%, including the allocation of the contributions from associated countries.

As part of the general Union objective of mainstreaming climate actions and of spending 30% of the Union budget in support of climate objectives , actions under the Programme shall contribute at least 35% of the expenditure under the Programme to climate objectives where appropriate.

At least EUR 2.5 billion shall be dedicated to grants for incremental innovation in SMEs.

45% of the budget of cluster ‘Inclusive and Creative Society’ shall support research on cultural and creative sectors, including the Union’s cultural heritage, that shall include EUR 300 million to be earmarked for the creation of a European Cultural Heritage Cloud .

Documents
2018/11/21
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/11/19
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/19
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/14
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/09
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/29
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/26
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/17
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/17
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/10/12
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/09
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/10/04
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/28
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/25
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/17
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/09/12
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/07
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/04
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/07/13
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/07/04
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/07/03
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/06/28
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/06/22
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/06/20
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/06/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/06/13
   EP - Responsible Committee
2018/06/07
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2018/06/07
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/06/07
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/06/07
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish Horizon Europe - the framework programme for research and innovation for the period 2021-2027.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: research and innovation (R&I) delivers on citizens’ priorities, boosts the Union’s productivity and competitiveness, and is crucial for sustaining our socio-economic model and values.

The proposed new Horizon Europe programme builds on the success of the previous framework programme, Horizon 2020 . Horizon 2020 has already attracted the world’s best research institutions and researchers, supported 340 000 researchers , and developed Europe’s skilled human capital. Scientific publications from Horizon 2020 are world class and have contributed to major scientific breakthroughs.

Specifically, Horizon Europe shall strengthen the EU’s scientific and technological bases in order to help tackle the major global challenges of our time and contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). At the same time, the programme shall boost the Union’s competitiveness and help deliver on the Union’s strategic priorities.

According to the Commission, the new programme is expected to increase GDP on average by 0.08% to 0.19% over 25 years and directly generate an estimated gain of up to 100 000 jobs in R&I activities in the ‘investment phase’ (2021-2027). The economic activity generated by the Programme is expected to foster an indirect gain of up to 200 000 jobs over 2027-2036, of which 40% will be highly skilled.

The proposal is in line with the headline target of investing 3% of the EU’s GDP on research and development.

CONTENT: the proposal for a Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - seeks to establish the Horizon Europe research and innovation framework programme for the period 2021-2027 and lays down the rules for participation and dissemination of results applicable to indirect actions carried out under the programme.

The programme’s general objective is to deliver scientific, economic and societal impact from the Union’s investments in research and innovation in order to: (i) strengthen the scientific and technological bases of the Union and foster its competitiveness, including in its industry; (ii) to deliver on the Union strategic priorities; (iii) contribute to tackling global challenges, including the Sustainable Development Goals.

Horizon Europe is comprised of 3 pillars , namely:

Pillar I ‘Open Science’ which builds on the success of the European Research Council, the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions and the Research Infrastructures component in the current framework programme. Pillar II ‘Global issues and industrial competitiveness’ has a more ‘top down’ directed approach addressing Union and global policy and competitiveness challenges and opportunities. These are integrated into five clusters (i) health ; (ii) inclusive and secure society ; (iii) digital and industry ; (iv) climate, energy and mobility ; (v) food and natural resources . Alongside the regular calls for proposals, a limited set of highly visible missions shall be introduced. These will be designed in the context of a strategic planning process. Missions, with ambitious but time-bound and achievable goals, should speak to the public and engage it where relevant. They will be co-designed with Member States, the European Parliament, stakeholders and citizens. Pillar III ‘Open Innovation’ shall essentially focus on scaling up breakthrough and market-creating innovation by establishing a European Innovation Council, support the enhancement of European ecosystems of innovation and continued support to the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT). The European Innovation Council shall offer a one-stop-shop to high-potential innovators. The European Institute of Innovation and Technology shall complement the European Innovation Council by promoting sustainable innovation ecosystems and developing entrepreneurial and innovation skills in priority areas through its knowledge and innovation communities.

The three pillars shall be underpinned by activities to strengthening the European Research Area , specifically: sharing excellence to fully exploit the potential in less R&I performing countries.

Cross-cutting elements : the Commission proposes to:

significantly strengthen international cooperation by extending association agreements to include countries with excellent science, technology and innovation capacities; make the principle of open science the modus operandi of the new programme by requiring open access to publications and data which shall accelerate the commercialisation and diffusion of innovation; rationalise the current plethora of European partnerships so that they can continue in simplified forms that are open to all (such as academia, industry, Member States, and philanthropic foundations). These partnerships shall be designed on the basis of Union added value, transparency, openness, impact, leverage effect; enhance synergies with other EU programmes to promote faster dissemination and uptake of research and innovation results.

Rules for participation and dissemination : these shall have the following new features: (i) continuation of the principle of a single set of rules for participation and dissemination through further improvements; (ii) maintenance of ‘Horizon 2020’ funding rates; (iii) simplification of the cost reimbursement scheme, in particular the actual costs scheme for personnel costs; (vi) increased emphasis on exploitation and dissemination of results, particularly in the Union; (vi) communication by beneficiaries of Union funds, including to the public and the media.

For Horizon Europe, the award criteria shall be excellence; impact; and quality and efficiency of the implementation.

Proposed budget : the financial envelope for the implementation of the Framework Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall amount to EUR 94.10 billion in current prices . The indicative distribution of this amount shall be:

EUR 25.80 billion for pillar I ‘Open Science’; EUR 52.70 billion for Pillar II ‘Global issues and industrial competitiveness’; EUR 13.50 billion for pillar III ‘Open innovation’; EUR 2.10 billion for the part ‘Strengthening the European Research Area’.

2018/05/29
   EP - Committee Opinion

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0401/2018 - Dan Nica - Am 95/3 12/12/2018 13:19:22.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: +: 524, -: 105, 0: 39
DE FR PL GB IT RO BG CZ BE PT HU ES AT NL HR FI SK SI SE EE DK MT LT LU LV EL IE CY ??
Total
91
67
45
63
60
28
17
21
19
18
18
47
18
20
10
13
10
7
15
6
12
6
9
6
6
20
8
6
1
icon: PPE PPE
197

United Kingdom PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
173

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ECR ECR
69

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1
2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Sweden ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
58

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Germany ENF

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1

Poland ENF

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1

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3
icon: NI NI
18

Germany NI

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2

France NI

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Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

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Abstain (2)

3

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

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1

NI

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44
5

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Belgium Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

A8-0401/2018 - Dan Nica - Am 190S 12/12/2018 13:20:03.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 462, +: 183, 0: 21
IE ?? AT DK SE DE EL CY LU LV EE LT MT SI SK HR FI NL FR PT IT CZ HU BE BG GB ES RO PL
Total
8
1
17
12
15
91
20
6
6
6
6
10
6
7
10
10
13
20
66
18
60
21
18
19
17
62
47
28
45
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
42

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
41

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Germany ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
18

NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

1

Germany NI

2

France NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

2
4

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

2
icon: ECR ECR
69

Sweden ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

2
icon: S&D S&D
173
4

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Malta S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

3

Croatia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

4
icon: PPE PPE
197

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0401/2018 - Dan Nica - Am 62cp2 12/12/2018 13:20:46.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: +: 510, -: 133, 0: 19
DE PL FR GB RO IT CZ BG BE PT AT HU NL SK HR FI SI LT EE DK MT SE LU LV IE CY ES EL ??
Total
90
44
64
63
28
59
21
17
20
18
18
17
20
10
10
13
7
10
6
12
6
15
6
6
8
6
46
20
1
icon: PPE PPE
193

United Kingdom PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
172

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ECR ECR
68

Romania ECR

2

Italy ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1
2

Lithuania ECR

1

Sweden ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
29

Germany ENF

For (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3
icon: NI NI
17

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

France NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

Abstain (2)

3

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

NI

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45
5

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

A8-0401/2018 - Dan Nica - Am 197/2 12/12/2018 13:21:44.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 373, +: 284, 0: 7
IT EL PT SE DE CY DK ES ?? MT IE LU AT LV EE FI HU NL LT BE SK HR RO SI BG GB CZ FR PL
Total
60
19
18
15
88
6
12
47
1
6
8
6
18
6
6
13
19
20
10
20
10
10
27
7
17
63
20
67
45
icon: S&D S&D
172

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
41

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
19

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Denmark NI

1

NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

3

France NI

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
58

Portugal ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2
4

Denmark ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Czechia ALDE

3
icon: ECR ECR
69

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
194

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Belgium PPE

4

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0401/2018 - Dan Nica - Am 183 12/12/2018 13:22:27.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 527, +: 94, 0: 48
?? AT LT LU LV EE CY SI IE HR SE MT DK EL FI HU SK BE PT CZ IT NL BG RO ES FR PL GB DE
Total
1
18
10
6
6
6
6
7
8
10
15
6
13
20
13
19
11
20
18
21
60
20
17
28
47
66
45
63
88
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
19

NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

1

Hungary NI

2

France NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

3

Germany NI

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
60

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
4
icon: ECR ECR
69

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Czechia ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

2
icon: S&D S&D
171

Lithuania S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Malta S&D

3
3

Finland S&D

2
3

Czechia S&D

4

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
197

Lithuania PPE

For (1)

3

Luxembourg PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1
5

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1