BETA


2018/0232(COD) Customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs 2021–2027

Progress: Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead IMCO GRAPINI Maria (icon: S&D S&D) ŠTEFANEC Ivan (icon: PPE PPE), VAN BOSSUYT Anneleen (icon: ECR ECR), SELIMOVIC Jasenko (icon: ALDE ALDE), REDA Julia (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion BUDG ŠTEFANEC Ivan (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion CONT KLINZ Wolf (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 59-p4, TFEU 033, TFEU 114-p1, TFEU 207

Events

2019/04/16
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 558 votes to 35, with 52 abstentions, a legislative resolution to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the ‘Customs’ programme for cooperation in the field of customs.

The European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission's proposal as follows:

Objectives

This Regulation seeks to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027. Members pointed out that the long-term objective of the programme should be to ensure that all EU customs administrations work together as closely as possible, to guarantee the safety and security of Member States and to protect the Union against fraud and unfair and unlawful commercial practices, while encouraging legitimate economic activities and a high level of consumer protection.

The Programme has the following specific objectives:

- to assist with IT capacity building, which consists in developing, maintaining and operating the electronic systems of the Union Customs Code, and enabling a smooth transition to a paperless environment and trade in line with this Regulation;

- to finance joint actions, which consist in cooperation mechanisms enabling officials to carry out joint operational activities under their core responsibilities, share experience in the customs field and join efforts to deliver on customs policy;

- to enhance human competencies, supporting the professional skills of customs officials and empowering them to fulfil their role on a uniform basis;

- to support innovation in the area of customs policy.

Budget

Parliament proposed a financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 of EUR 842 844 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 950 million in current prices).

The Programme shall not be used to cover costs relating to the potential withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. The Commission shall reserve upon its own assessment resources in order to cover the costs relating to the disengagement of the United Kingdom from all Union customs systems and cooperation, and the lapsing of its legal obligations in this area.

Members considered that the purchase of software that is needed to perform tight border controls should be eligible for funding under the Programme. Furthermore, they suggested that the purchase of software that can be used in all Member States should be encouraged in order to facilitate exchange of data.

External experts

They shall be selected by the Commission on the basis of their competence, experience in the field of application of this Regulation and their relevant knowledge of the specific action being taken, avoiding any potential conflict of interest. The selection shall strike a balance between business representatives and other civil society experts, as well as take into account the principle of gender equality. The list of external experts shall be regularly updated and made accessible to the public.

Multiannual work programmes

The Programme shall be implemented by multiannual work programmes which shall set out the objectives to be pursued, the expected results, the method of implementation and the total amount of the financing plan. They shall also set out in detail a description of the actions to be financed, an indication of the amount allocated to each action and an indicative implementation timetable.

Indicators for reporting on the performance of the Programme towards the achievement of the specific objectives provided for in Annex 2. The Commission shall provide the European Parliament and the Council with reliable information on the quality of the performance data used.

The interim evaluation of the programme shall be carried out as soon as sufficient information on its implementation is available, but no later than three years after the start of the programme implementation.

Documents
2019/04/03
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/01/15
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 596 votes to 44, with 57 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the ‘Customs’ programme for cooperation in the field of customs.

The matter was referred back to the competent committee for interinstitutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary concern the following issues:

Objectives

This Regulation seeks to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027. Members pointed out that the long-term objective of the programme should be to ensure that all EU customs administrations work together as closely as possible, to guarantee the safety and security of Member States and to protect the Union against fraud and unfair and unlawful commercial practices, while encouraging legitimate economic activities and a high level of consumer protection.

The Programme has the following specific objectives :

- to assist with IT capacity building, which consists in developing, maintaining and operating the electronic systems of the Union Customs Code, and enabling a smooth transition to a paperless environment and trade in line with this Regulation;

- to finance joint actions, which consist in cooperation mechanisms enabling officials to carry out joint operational activities under their core responsibilities, share experience in the customs field and join efforts to deliver on customs policy;

- to enhance human competencies, supporting the professional skills of customs officials and empowering them to fulfil their role on a uniform basis;

- to support innovation in the area of customs policy.

Members considered that the purchase of software that is needed to perform tight border controls should be eligible for funding under the Programme. Furthermore, the purchase of software that can be used in all Member States should be encouraged in order to facilitate exchange of data.

The Programme shall also support the continuous evaluation and monitoring of the cooperation between customs authorities with a view to identifying weaknesses and possible improvements. It shall be consistent with and exploit any synergies with other Union action programmes and funds with similar objectives in related fields.

Budget

Members proposed a financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 to be EUR 842 844 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 950 million in current prices).

The Programme shall not be used to cover costs relating to the potential withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. The Commission shall reserve upon its own assessment resources in order to cover the costs relating to the disengagement of the United Kingdom from all Union customs systems and cooperation, and the lapsing of its legal obligations in this area.

Multiannual work programmes

The Programme shall be implemented by multiannual work programmes which shall set out the objectives to be pursued, the expected results, the method of implementation and the total amount of the financing plan. They shall also set out in detail a description of the actions to be financed, an indication of the amount allocated to each action and an indicative implementation timetable. The multiannual work programmes shall be, communicated to the European Parliament where applicable.

Documents
2019/01/15
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2018/12/13
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection adopted the report by Maria GRAPINI (S&D, RO) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the ‘Customs’ programme for cooperation in the field of customs.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Subject matter

This Regulation seeks to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027.

Objectives

The Programme has the following specific objectives:

- to assist with IT capacity building, which consists in developing, maintaining and operating the electronic systems of the Union Customs Code, and enabling a smooth transition to a paperless environment and trade in line with this Regulation;

- to finance joint actions, which consist in cooperation mechanisms enabling officials to carry out joint operational activities under their core responsibilities, share experience in the customs field and join efforts to deliver on customs policy;

- to enhance human competencies, supporting the professional skills of customs officials and empowering them to fulfill their role on a uniform basis;

- to support innovation in the area of customs policy.

The Programme shall also support the continuous evaluation and monitoring of the cooperation between customs authorities with a view to identifying weaknesses and possible improvements. It shall be consistent with and exploit any synergies with other Union action programmes and funds with similar objectives in related fields.

Budget

The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 842 844 000 in 2018 prices.

The Programme shall not be used to cover costs relating to the potential withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. The Commission shall reserve upon its own assessment resources in order to cover the costs relating to the disengagement of the United Kingdom from all Union customs systems and cooperation, and the lapsing of its legal obligations in this area.

Multiannual work programmes

The Programme shall be implemented by multiannual work programmes which shall set out the objectives to be pursued, the expected results, the method of implementation and the total amount of the financing plan. They shall also set out in detail a description of the actions to be financed, an indication of the amount allocated to each action and an indicative implementation timetable. The multiannual work programmes shall be, communicated to the European Parliament where applicable.

Documents
2018/12/06
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/11/23
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/19
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/11/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/19
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/10/17
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/09/07
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/07/11
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/06/19
   EP - Responsible Committee
2018/06/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/06/08
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/06/08
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/06/08
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: the customs 2020 programme and its predecessors have significantly contributed to facilitating and enhancing customs cooperation. Many of the activities in the customs area are of a cross-border nature, involving and affecting all Member States, and therefore they cannot be effectively and efficiently delivered by individual Member States.

Since 2016, the Union Customs Code is the new legal customs framework. The Code triggered a massive digitalisation project with 17 different electronic systems to be fully in place by 2020. Some systems will be deployed gradually up to 2025. These electronic systems touch upon all customs procedures.

The upcoming withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU implies disentangling the United Kingdom as a Member State from all existing customs electronic systems financed by customs 2020. These implications and costs however cannot be precisely estimated at this stage.

The implementation of all these aspects can only be achieved through intense operational cooperation between customs administrations of the Member States, between them and other authorities, with trade and other third parties. It is therefore necessary to ensure the continuity of the Union’s financing of customs cooperation activities by establishing a new cooperation programme in this area.

CONTENT: the proposal for a Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - seeks to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027 , which will succeed the customs 2020 programme.

Objective : the general objective of the proposed new programme is to support the customs union and customs authorities to protect the financial and economic interests of the Union and its Member States, to ensure security and safety within the Union and to protect the Union from unfair and illegal trade, while facilitating legitimate business activity.

Customs cooperation and capacity building shall focus, on the one hand, on human networking and competency building actions and, on the other hand, IT capacity building actions .

Like the current Customs 2020 programme, the new programme shall be open to participation by Member States, acceding, candidate and potential candidate countries. It may provide funding in any form provided for in the Financial Regulation, in particular grants, procurements and reimbursement of expenses.

Eligible actions : the programme shall cover expenses for preparation, monitoring, control, audit, evaluation and other activities for managing the programme and evaluating the achievement of its objectives.

It shall also cover expenses relating to studies, meetings of experts, information and communication actions, in so far as they are related to the objectives of the programme, as well as expenses linked to information technology networks focusing on information processing and exchange, including corporate information technology tools and other technical and administrative assistance needed in connection with the management of the programme.

IT capacity : the proposal provides an improved framework and governance for the IT capacity building actions carried out under the programme. An improved definition of the European electronic systems ‘common components’ and ‘national components’ reflecting better the reality of electronic systems and their features has been integrated. The tasks incumbent on the Commission on the one hand and the Member States on the other hand have been listed.

Lastly, a multi-annual strategic plan for customs , to be drawn up by the Commission, in partnership with the Member States, shall allow for a better planning of budgetary and human resources both at national and EU level.

Proposed budget : under the proposed new multiannual financial framework, the programme shall have an overall budget of EUR 950 million (in current prices) for the period 2021-2027 . The vast majority of the proposed budget will be spent on IT capacity building activities.

Documents

  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading: T8-0385/2019
  • Debate in Parliament: Debate in Parliament
  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading: T8-0008/2019
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A8-0464/2018
  • Committee opinion: PE627.871
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE630.491
  • Committee opinion: PE626.967
  • Committee draft report: PE628.618
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES3432/2018
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0321
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0322
  • Legislative proposal published: COM(2018)0442
  • Legislative proposal published: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2018)0321
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2018)0322
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES3432/2018
  • Committee draft report: PE628.618
  • Committee opinion: PE626.967
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE630.491
  • Committee opinion: PE627.871

Votes

A8-0464/2018 - Maria Grapini - Proposition de la Commission

2019/01/15 Outcome: +: 596, 0: 57, -: 44
DE IT FR ES PL RO BE SE CZ HU BG NL FI PT AT SK DK HR LT EL SI GB LV LU MT EE CY IE ??
Total
92
66
69
50
48
26
21
20
20
17
15
26
13
20
17
13
12
9
9
20
8
66
7
6
6
5
6
9
1
icon: PPE PPE
205

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
176

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: ECR ECR
71

Italy ECR

Abstain (1)

3

Romania ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
47

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

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3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

4

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Abstain (1)

1

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Against (1)

1

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2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

4
icon: NI NI
19

Germany NI

For (1)

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2

France NI

Against (1)

3

Romania NI

1

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

3

NI

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

A8-0464/2018 - Maria Grapini - Proposition de la Commission 16/04/2019 12:46:21.000

2019/04/16 Outcome: +: 558, 0: 52, -: 35
DE FR IT ES PL RO BE SE AT HU CZ BG PT SK NL GB HR FI DK LT LV SI LU MT EE IE CY EL
Total
91
68
55
51
46
29
21
18
17
17
20
13
17
12
23
54
10
10
11
9
8
8
6
6
5
8
1
11
icon: PPE PPE
191

United Kingdom PPE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Greece PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
162

Netherlands S&D

For (2)

2

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
58

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1
3

Denmark ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

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1
icon: ECR ECR
66

Romania ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

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2

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For (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

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1

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

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4

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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1

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1
3

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: EFDD EFDD
31

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

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1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
16

Germany NI

2

France NI

For (1)

3

Italy NI

For (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43
4

Italy GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

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1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (2)

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

A8-0464/2018 - Maria Grapini - Proposition de la Commission

2019/04/16 Outcome: +: 558, 0: 52, -: 35
DE FR IT PL ES RO BE AT SE HU CZ BG PT SK NL GB HR FI DK LT LV SI LU MT EE IE ?? CY EL
Total
91
68
54
46
49
29
21
17
17
17
20
13
17
12
23
53
10
10
11
9
8
8
6
6
5
8
2
1
11
icon: PPE PPE
191

United Kingdom PPE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Greece PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
162

Netherlands S&D

For (2)

2

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
57

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1
3

Denmark ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
66

Romania ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1
3

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: EFDD EFDD
31

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
16

Germany NI

2

France NI

For (1)

3

Poland NI

Against (1)

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

3

NI

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43
4

Italy GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (2)

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
106 2018/0232(COD)
2018/10/03 BUDG 4 amendments...
source: 628.548
2018/11/05 CONT 47 amendments...
source: 629.738
2018/11/19 IMCO 55 amendments...
source: 630.491

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Internal Market and Consumer Protection
committee
IMCO
date
  • 2018-06-19T00:00:00
rapporteur
  • name
    GRAPINI Maria
    group
    Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
    abbr
    S&D
shadows
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Internal Market and Consumer Protection
committee
IMCO
date
  • 2018-06-19T00:00:00
rapporteur
  • name
    GRAPINI Maria
    group
    Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
    abbr
    S&D
shadows
activities
  • date
    2018-06-08T00:00:00
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0442/COM_COM(2018)0442_EN.docx
      text
      • PURPOSE: to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027.

        PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

        ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

        BACKGROUND: the customs 2020 programme and its predecessors have significantly contributed to facilitating and enhancing customs cooperation. Many of the activities in the customs area are of a cross-border nature, involving and affecting all Member States, and therefore they cannot be effectively and efficiently delivered by individual Member States.

        Since 2016, the Union Customs Code is the new legal customs framework. The Code triggered a massive digitalisation project with 17 different electronic systems to be fully in place by 2020. Some systems will be deployed gradually up to 2025. These electronic systems touch upon all customs procedures.

        The upcoming withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU implies disentangling the United Kingdom as a Member State from all existing customs electronic systems financed by customs 2020. These implications and costs however cannot be precisely estimated at this stage.

        The implementation of all these aspects can only be achieved through intense operational cooperation between customs administrations of the Member States, between them and other authorities, with trade and other third parties. It is therefore necessary to ensure the continuity of the Union’s financing of customs cooperation activities by establishing a new cooperation programme in this area.

        CONTENT: the proposal for a Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - seeks to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027, which will succeed the customs 2020 programme.

        Objective: the general objective of the proposed new programme is to support the customs union and customs authorities to protect the financial and economic interests of the Union and its Member States, to ensure security and safety within the Union and to protect the Union from unfair and illegal trade, while facilitating legitimate business activity.

        Customs cooperation and capacity building shall focus, on the one hand, on human networking and competency building actions and, on the other hand, IT capacity building actions.

        Like the current Customs 2020 programme, the new programme shall be open to participation by Member States, acceding, candidate and potential candidate countries. It may provide funding in any form provided for in the Financial Regulation, in particular grants, procurements and reimbursement of expenses.

        Eligible actions: the programme shall cover expenses for preparation, monitoring, control, audit, evaluation and other activities for managing the programme and evaluating the achievement of its objectives.

        It shall also cover expenses relating to studies, meetings of experts, information and communication actions, in so far as they are related to the objectives of the programme, as well as expenses linked to information technology networks focusing on information processing and exchange, including corporate information technology tools and other technical and administrative assistance needed in connection with the management of the programme.

        IT capacity: the proposal provides an improved framework and governance for the IT capacity building actions carried out under the programme. An improved definition of the European electronic systems ‘common components’ and ‘national components’ reflecting better the reality of electronic systems and their features has been integrated. The tasks incumbent on the Commission on the one hand and the Member States on the other hand have been listed.

        Lastly, a multi-annual strategic plan for customs, to be drawn up by the Commission, in partnership with the Member States, shall allow for a better planning of budgetary and human resources both at national and EU level.

        Proposed budget: under the proposed new multiannual financial framework, the programme shall have an overall budget of EUR 950 million (in current prices) for the period 2021-2027. The vast majority of the proposed budget will be spent on IT capacity building activities.

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  • PURPOSE: to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027.

    PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

    BACKGROUND: the customs 2020 programme and its predecessors have significantly contributed to facilitating and enhancing customs cooperation. Many of the activities in the customs area are of a cross-border nature, involving and affecting all Member States, and therefore they cannot be effectively and efficiently delivered by individual Member States.

    Since 2016, the Union Customs Code is the new legal customs framework. The Code triggered a massive digitalisation project with 17 different electronic systems to be fully in place by 2020. Some systems will be deployed gradually up to 2025. These electronic systems touch upon all customs procedures.

    The upcoming withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU implies disentangling the United Kingdom as a Member State from all existing customs electronic systems financed by customs 2020. These implications and costs however cannot be precisely estimated at this stage.

    The implementation of all these aspects can only be achieved through intense operational cooperation between customs administrations of the Member States, between them and other authorities, with trade and other third parties. It is therefore necessary to ensure the continuity of the Union’s financing of customs cooperation activities by establishing a new cooperation programme in this area.

    CONTENT: the proposal for a Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - seeks to establish the customs programme for cooperation in the field of customs for the period 2021-2027, which will succeed the customs 2020 programme.

    Objective: the general objective of the proposed new programme is to support the customs union and customs authorities to protect the financial and economic interests of the Union and its Member States, to ensure security and safety within the Union and to protect the Union from unfair and illegal trade, while facilitating legitimate business activity.

    Customs cooperation and capacity building shall focus, on the one hand, on human networking and competency building actions and, on the other hand, IT capacity building actions.

    Like the current Customs 2020 programme, the new programme shall be open to participation by Member States, acceding, candidate and potential candidate countries. It may provide funding in any form provided for in the Financial Regulation, in particular grants, procurements and reimbursement of expenses.

    Eligible actions: the programme shall cover expenses for preparation, monitoring, control, audit, evaluation and other activities for managing the programme and evaluating the achievement of its objectives.

    It shall also cover expenses relating to studies, meetings of experts, information and communication actions, in so far as they are related to the objectives of the programme, as well as expenses linked to information technology networks focusing on information processing and exchange, including corporate information technology tools and other technical and administrative assistance needed in connection with the management of the programme.

    IT capacity: the proposal provides an improved framework and governance for the IT capacity building actions carried out under the programme. An improved definition of the European electronic systems ‘common components’ and ‘national components’ reflecting better the reality of electronic systems and their features has been integrated. The tasks incumbent on the Commission on the one hand and the Member States on the other hand have been listed.

    Lastly, a multi-annual strategic plan for customs, to be drawn up by the Commission, in partnership with the Member States, shall allow for a better planning of budgetary and human resources both at national and EU level.

    Proposed budget: under the proposed new multiannual financial framework, the programme shall have an overall budget of EUR 950 million (in current prices) for the period 2021-2027. The vast majority of the proposed budget will be spent on IT capacity building activities.

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