BETA


2018/0244(CNS) Association of the overseas countries and territories with the EU including EU/Greenland/Denmark relations 2021–2027

Progress: Awaiting final decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead DEVE TOBÉ Tomas (icon: EPP EPP)
Former Responsible Committee DEVE PONGA Maurice (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion PECH
Former Committee Opinion BUDG
Former Committee Opinion ENVI
Former Committee Opinion EMPL
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 203

Events

2021/11/03
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2021/09/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 603 votes to 27, with 57 abstentions, under a special legislative procedure (Parliament’s consultation), a legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the Association of the Overseas Countries and Territories with the European Union including relations between the European Union on the one hand, and Greenland and the Kingdom of Denmark on the other (Decision on the Overseas Association, including Greenland).

Parliament approved the revised version of the draft Council decision to establish the rules and procedures governing the EU's association with the overseas countries and territories (OCTs), including Greenland, for the period 2021-2027.

Objective

The overall objective of the proposed decision is to:

- enhance the OCTs’ competitiveness, strengthening the OCTs’ resilience, reducing their economic and environmental vulnerability and the promoting of cooperation between them and other partners;

- preserve the existing ties between the EU on the one hand, and Greenland and Denmark on the other, acknowledging the geostrategic position of Greenland in the Arctic, and to preserve existing ties between the Union and the other OCTs, acknowledging their geostrategic positions in the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic and the Pacific.

The association will respect the fundamental principles of liberty, democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, good governance and sustainable development, all of which are common to the OCTs and the Member States to which they are linked.

Priorities

The association will provide the framework for strategic dialogue and cooperation on issues of mutual interest. The Council's revised draft clearly outlines the different areas of cooperation proposed. In particular, it includes:

- more extensive reference to the 2030 Agenda and the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as well as the recognition that gender equality and women's empowerment are key to achieving the SDGs;

- recognition of the important role of civil society organisations in all areas of cooperation;

additional provisions on the protection of human rights, especially of women and children;

- an increase in the climate target from 20% to 25% with a greater emphasis on nature and environmental protection;

- an increase in the number of annual trilateral consultations between the Commission, the Member States to which they are linked and the OCTs;

- encouraging the OCTs to express their views in the context of the design and impact assessment of the EU's free trade agreements with third countries;

- clarification of what happens to the reflows from the OCT Investment Facility managed by the European Investment Bank;

- an Annex II concerning the definition of the concept of 'originating products' and methods of administrative cooperation.

Budget

The financial envelope of the programme for the period 2021-2027 is set at EUR 500 million in current prices.

Documents
2021/09/13
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2021/07/21
   EP - Committee final report tabled for plenary, reconsultation
Documents
2021/07/21
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, reconsultation
Documents
2021/07/13
   EP - Vote in committee
2021/07/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/06/14
   EP - TOBÉ Tomas (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2021/05/17
   CSL - Amended legislative proposal for reconsultation
Details

PURPOSE: to establish the rules and procedures governing the EU's association with the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs), including Greenland, for the period 2021-2027, replacing Council Decision 2013/755/EU (Overseas Association Decision) and Council Decision 2014/137/EU (Greenland Decision).

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but is not bound by its opinion.

BACKGROUND: EU aid to the OCTs previously financed by the European Development Fund (EDF) should, as from 1 January 2021, be financed from the general budget of the EU.

In order to streamline the number of external financing instruments and their performance, the relations with all OCTs, including Greenland, should be regrouped by replacing the Overseas Association Decision and the Greenland Decision by a single Decision.

The partnership provided for in this Decision should ensure that a strong relationship is maintained between the EU on the one hand and all OCTs on the other. The new decision should also highlight the particularities of the partnership between the Union on the one hand and Greenland and Denmark on the other.

CONTENT: the draft Council Decision:

- establishes an association of the overseas countries and territories (OCTs) with the Union to support the OCTs’ sustainable development as well as to promote the values and standards of the Union in the wider world;

- lays down rules concerning the relations between the Union on the one hand, and Greenland and Denmark on the other;

- establishes the funding programme for the association with all the OCTs, for the period from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2027.

Objectives

The proposed Decision’s general objective is to:

- promote the economic and social development of the OCTs and to establish close economic relations between them and the Union as a whole by the enhancing the OCTs’ competitiveness, strengthening the OCTs’ resilience, reducing their economic and environmental vulnerability and the promoting of cooperation between them and other partners;

- preserve the existing ties between the Union on the one hand, and Greenland and Denmark on the other, acknowledging the geostrategic position of Greenland in the Arctic, and to preserve existing ties between the Union and the other OCTs, acknowledging their geostrategic positions in the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic and the Pacific.

In pursuing those objectives, the association should respect the fundamental principles of liberty, democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, good governance and sustainable development, all of which are common to the OCTs and the Member States to which they are linked.

Priorities

The Association should provide the framework for strategic dialogue and cooperation on issues of mutual interest. Priority should be given to cooperation in areas of mutual interest such as:

- sustainable diversification of the OCT economies, including their further integration into global and regional economies; in the specific case of Greenland, the necessary upgrading of its labour force;

- the promotion of trade, cooperation and partnerships to accelerate the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs);

- education and training, public health, tourism and culture;

- promotion of the green and blue economy

- sustainable management of natural resources;

- climate change;

- action for disaster risk reduction;

- promotion of research, innovation and scientific cooperation activities;

- Digital accessibility;

- promotion of social, cultural and economic exchanges;

- the social sector, labour mobility, social protection systems, food safety and food security issues;

- issues related to the Arctic region;

- the development of intra-regional cooperation in the Arctic, Caribbean, Indian Ocean, Atlantic and Pacific.

Budget

The financial envelope of the programme for the period 2021-2027 would be set at EUR 500 million in current prices.

The overall breakdown proposed is as follows:

- EUR 164 million in the form of grants for bilateral programmable support for the long-term development of OCTs other than Greenland,

- EUR 225 million in the form of grants for bilateral programmable support for the long-term development of Greenland;

- EUR 76 million to support regional OCT programmes, of which EUR 15 million could help finance intra-regional operations, with Greenland only eligible for intra-regional operations;

- EUR 22 million for studies or technical assistance actions for all OCTs including Greenland;

- EUR 13 million for a non-allocated fund for all OCTs including Greenland in order, inter alia, to enable the Union to react appropriately in the event of unforeseen circumstances.

Dialogue with the OCTs

The association should be based on a broad dialogue and consultation on issues of mutual interest between the OCTs, the Member States to which they are linked and the Commission and, where appropriate, the European Investment Bank (EIB) and other EU institutions and bodies.

The dialogue with the OCTs, including Greenland, shall in particular provide a basis for broad cooperation on issues such as education, energy, climate change, nature, the environment, the blue economy, natural resources (including raw materials and fish stocks), maritime transport, research and innovation, as well as the Arctic dimension of these issues, where relevant.

Programming

Under the Decision, the Commission should adopt, in the form of ‘single programming documents’, the multi-annual indicative programmes referred to in the rules proposed in the Neighbourhood, Development Cooperation and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI).

Documents
2021/05/17
   EP/CSL - Formal reconsultation of Parliament
2021/05/16
   EC - Amended legislative proposal for reconsultation published
Documents
2019/01/31
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 566 votes to 40, with 41 abstentions, following the consultation procedure, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council decision on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union, including relations between the European Union, on the one hand, and Greenland and the Kingdom of Denmark, on the other (Overseas Association Decision or OAD).

The European Parliament approved the Commission's proposal subject to the following amendments:

Objectives

Parliament specified that the association between the Union and the OCTs should contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development objectives as defined in Agenda 2030 and in the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement.

Those specific objectives would be as follows:

- to assist the OCTs in addressing the major challenges they face, including the level of education for Greenland;

- to strengthen the resilience of the OCTs, reducing their economic and environmental vulnerability;

- to improve the competitiveness of the OCTs, including as regards social standards;

- to promote cooperation between the OCTs and other partners.

Members proposed that specific treatment be accorded to the least developed OCTs so as to enable them to catch up and address their permanent structural constraints.

The association should:

- promote the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms on which it is based, through dialogue and cooperation between the Union and the OCTs;

- promote equality and equity between men and women in the OCTs, as well as the empowerment of women and equal political and economic opportunities for women. All initiatives should incorporate a gender dimension.

The Union and the OCTs should cooperate to ensure the active participation of young people in the labour market in order to combat youth unemployment.

With regard to environmental issues, cooperation should also focus on addressing issues linked to land degradation, including rising sea levels and soil contamination, as well as combating illegal logging.

Budget

Parliament has proposed that the financial allocation for the programme for the period 2021-2027 be set at EUR 669 million in current prices instead of the EUR 500 million proposed by the Commission.

The general distribution proposed is as follows:

- 81% for territorial cooperation;

- 12% for regional cooperation, including EUR 30 million for intra-regional operations;

- 3.5% for technical assistance;

- 3.5% for an unallocated fund for all OCTs, which would include Greenland.

The envelopes allocated to each OCT have been specified.

Dialogue with the OCTs

This dialogue should enable the OCTs to play a full part in implementing the association and also in defining and implementing the Union's regional strategies in the areas in which the OCTs are located.

The dialogue with the Caribbean OCTs should in particular serve to strengthen the European strategy in the Caribbean region and to foster cooperation on issues relating to biodiversity, climate change, sustainable resource management, disaster risk prevention and management, the social dimension, as well as on promoting good governance, including in the field of taxation and the fight against organised crime.

Programming

Members proposed including rules on programming directly in the new OAD, taking over the rules proposed for the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument ( NDICI ). These would apply to the OCTs, while recalling the principle that the Financial Regulation is applicable, unless otherwise provided for in the OAD.

Documents
2018/12/20
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Development adopted, in accordance with the consultation procedure, the report by Maurice PONGA (EPP, FR) on the proposal for a Council Decision on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union, including relations between the European Union, on the one hand, and Greenland and the Kingdom of Denmark, on the other (Overseas Association Decision – ODA).

The committee recommended that the European Parliament approve the Commission's proposal subject to the following amendments:

Objectives

Members said that the association between the EU and the OCTs should contribute to the achievement of sustainable development goals as defined in Agenda 2030 and to the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement.

The specific objectives would be as follows:

- assist the OCTs in addressing the major challenges they face, including the level of education for Greenland;

- strengthen the resilience of the OCTs, reducing their economic and environmental vulnerability;

- improve the competitiveness of the OCTs, including social standards;

- promote OCT cooperation with other partners.

Members proposed that specific treatment be defined for the least developed OCTs in order to enable them to catch up and to address their permanent structural constraints.

The association should:

- promote the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms on which it is based, through dialogue and cooperation between the Union and the OCTs;

- promote equality and equity between men and women in the OCTs, as well as the empowerment of women and equal political and economic opportunities for women. All initiatives shall incorporate the gender dimension.

Budget

Members proposed that the financial envelope for the programme for the period 2021-2027 be set at EUR 669 million in current prices instead of the EUR 500 million proposed by the Commission.

The general distribution proposed by the Members is as follows:

- 81% for territorial cooperation;

- 12% for regional cooperation, including EUR 30 million for intra-regional operations;

- 3.5% for technical assistance;

- 3.5% of non-allocated funds.

The envelopes allocated to each OCT have been specified.

Programming

Members proposed to include the programming rules directly in the new ODA by taking over the rules proposed in the NDICI applicable to the OCTs and recalling the principle that the Financial Regulation applies, except where specifically provided in the OAD.

Documents
2018/12/13
   EP - Vote in committee
2018/12/06
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/11/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/11/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/10/17
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/09/10
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2018/08/10
   EP - PONGA Maurice (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2018/06/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/06/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish the the rules and procedures governing the EU's association with the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs), including Greenland (Overseas Association Decision) for the period 2021-2027.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

BACKGROUND: Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) have been associated with the European Union since the entry into force of the Treaty of Rome. These 25 islands located in the Atlantic, Antarctic, Arctic, Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific regions are not sovereign countries, but depend on four EU Member States: Denmark, France, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.

The OCTs are not part of the Union’s customs territory and are outside the internal market. In addition, most OCTs face specific challenges due to their size and remoteness. In this context, the EU has financed territorial and regional European Development Fund (EDF) programmes in the OCTs in previous decades.

The main source of funding for the current 'Overseas Association Decision' is the 11th EDF which covers programming and financing of territorial and regional programmes for OCTs other than Greenland, which is the subject of a specific decision financed from the EU budget (the Greenland Decision ).

Under the next multiannual financial framework of the Union for the period 2021-2027, it is proposed to regroup a number of external financing instruments into a comprehensive instrument called the neighbourhood, development and international cooperation instrument ( NDICI ) and to integrate the EDF into the EU budget. Thus, from 1 January 2021, the Union assistance to OCTs previously financed by the European Development Fund (EDF) shall be financed from the general budget of the Union .

In order to streamline the number of external financing instruments and their performance, the relations with all OCTs, including Greenland, shall be regrouped by replacing the Overseas Association Decision and the Greenland Decision by a single Decision .

CONTENT: this proposal for a Decision aims to establish, for the period 2021-207, an association of the overseas countries and territories (OCTs) with the Union , which shall constitute a partnership aimed at fostering the sustainable development of the OCTs and promote the values and standards of the Union in the wider world.

The proposed instrument takes account of the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union on 29 March 2019 effective with the expiration of the transition period on 1 January 2021 and thus does not apply to British OCTs .

Cooperation with the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs), including Greenland, shall aim to support and strengthen economic, political and cultural relations between the EU and the Overseas Countries and Territories linked to the EU Member States.

Priority shall be given to cooperation in areas of mutual interest, such as:

the economic diversification of OCTs' economies, including their further integration in world and regional economies; in the specific case of Greenland, the need to increase the skills of its labour force; the promotion of green and blue economy; the sustainable management of natural resources, including the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services; climate change mitigation and adaptation to the impacts of climate change; the promotion of disaster risk reduction; the promotion of research, innovation and scientific cooperation activities; the promotion of social, cultural and economic exchanges between the OCTs, their neighbours and other partners; Arctic issues.

The association is the framework for policy dialogue and cooperation on issues of mutual interest. It shall continue to be based on the three key pillars of enhancing competitiveness, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability, and promoting cooperation and integration between the OCTs and other partners and neighbouring regions.

Without prejudice to the Commission’s prerogatives, the OCT authorities shall have primary responsibility for implementing the operations agreed on under the cooperation strategy. The Commission shall be responsible for establishing the general rules and conditions for these programmes and projects.

Actions under this programme are expected to contribute 20 % of the overall financial envelope of the programme to climate objectives .

In principle, the OCTs shall remain eligible, under the next multiannual financial framework, to participate in Union programmes. They shall participate in the thematic programmes and rapid response actions of the neighbourhood, development and international cooperation instrument.

Proposed budget : the proposed decision earmarks EUR 500 million (in current prices) to the association with the OCTs under the heading ‘Neighbourhood and the world' of the multiannual financial framework for the period 2021-2027.

Of this amount, EUR 225 million shall be allocated to Greenland and EUR 225 million to the other OCTs, including EUR 159 million for territorial programmes and EUR 66 million for regional programmes.

In addition an intra-regional financial envelope of EUR 15 million is open to all the OCTs, including Greenland.

Moreover an amount of EUR 22 million for technical assistance is foreseen in accordance with the new Decision as well as a non-allocated amount of EUR 13 million .

The financial resources for Greenland shall come from heading 6 of the EU budget: ‘Neighbourhood and the world’. As regards the other OCTs, their financial allocations shall be transferred from the EDF to the ‘Neighbourhood and the World’ heading of the budget.

Documents

  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2021)637
  • Decision by Parliament: T9-0365/2021
  • Results of vote in Parliament: Results of vote in Parliament
  • Committee final report tabled for plenary, reconsultation: A9-0244/2021
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, reconsultation: A9-0244/2021
  • Committee draft report: PE695.212
  • Amended legislative proposal for reconsultation: 08656/2021
  • Amended legislative proposal for reconsultation published: 08656/2021
  • Decision by Parliament: T8-0053/2019
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A8-0480/2018
  • Committee of the Regions: opinion: CDR4008/2018
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE630.663
  • Committee draft report: PE629.642
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES4576/2018
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0337
  • Legislative proposal published: COM(2018)0461
  • Legislative proposal published: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2018)0337
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES4576/2018
  • Committee draft report: PE629.642
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE630.663
  • Committee of the Regions: opinion: CDR4008/2018
  • Amended legislative proposal for reconsultation: 08656/2021
  • Committee draft report: PE695.212
  • Committee final report tabled for plenary, reconsultation: A9-0244/2021
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2021)637

Votes

A8-0480/2018 - Maurice Ponga - Vote unique 31/01/2019 12:24:10.000 #

2019/01/31 Outcome: +: 566, 0: 41, -: 40
DE FR IT ES PL RO PT HU BE BG CZ SE AT NL FI GB IE SK LT HR LU EE LV DK SI CY MT EL ??
Total
81
63
64
47
45
27
19
19
20
16
18
16
17
23
12
61
10
10
9
9
6
6
6
11
5
5
5
14
1
icon: PPE PPE
188

Finland PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
161

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Croatia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

1

Malta S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Germany ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
65

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2
2

Slovakia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
40

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

2
icon: ENF ENF
33

Germany ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Austria ENF

For (1)

3

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

4
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

2

France NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1
4

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
42 2018/0244(CNS)
2018/11/23 DEVE 42 amendments...
source: 630.663

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

links/Research document/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2018)628314
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document/EPRS_BRI(2018)628314
events/6/date
Old
2021-05-17T00:00:00
New
2021-05-16T00:00:00
docs/5
date
2019-02-27T00:00:00
docs
url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=32011&j=0&l=en title: SP(2019)150
type
Commission response to text adopted in plenary
body
EC
docs/8
date
2021-11-03T00:00:00
docs
url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=56984&j=0&l=en title: SP(2021)637
type
Commission response to text adopted in plenary
body
EC
events/4
date
2019-01-31T00:00:00
type
Results of vote in Parliament
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EP
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docs/5
date
2019-02-27T00:00:00
docs
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2021-11-03T00:00:00
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committees/0/rapporteur
  • name: TOBÉ Tomas date: 2021-06-14T00:00:00 group: Group of European People's Party abbr: EPP
docs/5
date
2019-02-27T00:00:00
docs
title: SP(2019)150
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Commission response to text adopted in plenary
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date
2021-07-06T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/DEVE-PR-695212_EN.html title: PE695.212
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  • date: 2018-06-14T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2018:0337:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2018)0337 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
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  • date: 2018-11-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE629.642 title: PE629.642 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2018-11-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE630.663 title: PE630.663 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-06T00:00:00 docs: title: CDR4008/2018 type: Committee of the Regions: opinion body: CofR
  • date: 2019-02-27T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=32011&j=0&l=en title: SP(2019)150 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2019-01-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2018)0461 title: COM(2018)0461 type: Contribution body: CZ_SENATE
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  • date: 2018-06-14T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0461/COM_COM(2018)0461_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0461 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0461 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to establish the the rules and procedures governing the EU's association with the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs), including Greenland (Overseas Association Decision) for the period 2021-2027. PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion. BACKGROUND: Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) have been associated with the European Union since the entry into force of the Treaty of Rome. These 25 islands located in the Atlantic, Antarctic, Arctic, Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific regions are not sovereign countries, but depend on four EU Member States: Denmark, France, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. The OCTs are not part of the Union’s customs territory and are outside the internal market. In addition, most OCTs face specific challenges due to their size and remoteness. In this context, the EU has financed territorial and regional European Development Fund (EDF) programmes in the OCTs in previous decades. The main source of funding for the current 'Overseas Association Decision' is the 11th EDF which covers programming and financing of territorial and regional programmes for OCTs other than Greenland, which is the subject of a specific decision financed from the EU budget (the Greenland Decision ). Under the next multiannual financial framework of the Union for the period 2021-2027, it is proposed to regroup a number of external financing instruments into a comprehensive instrument called the neighbourhood, development and international cooperation instrument ( NDICI ) and to integrate the EDF into the EU budget. Thus, from 1 January 2021, the Union assistance to OCTs previously financed by the European Development Fund (EDF) shall be financed from the general budget of the Union . In order to streamline the number of external financing instruments and their performance, the relations with all OCTs, including Greenland, shall be regrouped by replacing the Overseas Association Decision and the Greenland Decision by a single Decision . CONTENT: this proposal for a Decision aims to establish, for the period 2021-207, an association of the overseas countries and territories (OCTs) with the Union , which shall constitute a partnership aimed at fostering the sustainable development of the OCTs and promote the values and standards of the Union in the wider world. The proposed instrument takes account of the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union on 29 March 2019 effective with the expiration of the transition period on 1 January 2021 and thus does not apply to British OCTs . Cooperation with the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs), including Greenland, shall aim to support and strengthen economic, political and cultural relations between the EU and the Overseas Countries and Territories linked to the EU Member States. Priority shall be given to cooperation in areas of mutual interest, such as: the economic diversification of OCTs' economies, including their further integration in world and regional economies; in the specific case of Greenland, the need to increase the skills of its labour force; the promotion of green and blue economy; the sustainable management of natural resources, including the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services; climate change mitigation and adaptation to the impacts of climate change; the promotion of disaster risk reduction; the promotion of research, innovation and scientific cooperation activities; the promotion of social, cultural and economic exchanges between the OCTs, their neighbours and other partners; Arctic issues. The association is the framework for policy dialogue and cooperation on issues of mutual interest. It shall continue to be based on the three key pillars of enhancing competitiveness, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability, and promoting cooperation and integration between the OCTs and other partners and neighbouring regions. Without prejudice to the Commission’s prerogatives, the OCT authorities shall have primary responsibility for implementing the operations agreed on under the cooperation strategy. The Commission shall be responsible for establishing the general rules and conditions for these programmes and projects. Actions under this programme are expected to contribute 20 % of the overall financial envelope of the programme to climate objectives . In principle, the OCTs shall remain eligible, under the next multiannual financial framework, to participate in Union programmes. They shall participate in the thematic programmes and rapid response actions of the neighbourhood, development and international cooperation instrument. Proposed budget : the proposed decision earmarks EUR 500 million (in current prices) to the association with the OCTs under the heading ‘Neighbourhood and the world' of the multiannual financial framework for the period 2021-2027. Of this amount, EUR 225 million shall be allocated to Greenland and EUR 225 million to the other OCTs, including EUR 159 million for territorial programmes and EUR 66 million for regional programmes. In addition an intra-regional financial envelope of EUR 15 million is open to all the OCTs, including Greenland. Moreover an amount of EUR 22 million for technical assistance is foreseen in accordance with the new Decision as well as a non-allocated amount of EUR 13 million . The financial resources for Greenland shall come from heading 6 of the EU budget: ‘Neighbourhood and the world’. As regards the other OCTs, their financial allocations shall be transferred from the EDF to the ‘Neighbourhood and the World’ heading of the budget.
  • date: 2018-09-10T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-13T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-20T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0480&language=EN title: A8-0480/2018 summary: The Committee on Development adopted, in accordance with the consultation procedure, the report by Maurice PONGA (EPP, FR) on the proposal for a Council Decision on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union, including relations between the European Union, on the one hand, and Greenland and the Kingdom of Denmark, on the other (Overseas Association Decision – ODA). The committee recommended that the European Parliament approve the Commission's proposal subject to the following amendments: Objectives Members said that the association between the EU and the OCTs should contribute to the achievement of sustainable development goals as defined in Agenda 2030 and to the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement. The specific objectives would be as follows: - assist the OCTs in addressing the major challenges they face, including the level of education for Greenland; - strengthen the resilience of the OCTs, reducing their economic and environmental vulnerability; - improve the competitiveness of the OCTs, including social standards; - promote OCT cooperation with other partners. Members proposed that specific treatment be defined for the least developed OCTs in order to enable them to catch up and to address their permanent structural constraints. The association should: - promote the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms on which it is based, through dialogue and cooperation between the Union and the OCTs; - promote equality and equity between men and women in the OCTs, as well as the empowerment of women and equal political and economic opportunities for women. All initiatives shall incorporate the gender dimension. Budget Members proposed that the financial envelope for the programme for the period 2021-2027 be set at EUR 669 million in current prices instead of the EUR 500 million proposed by the Commission. The general distribution proposed by the Members is as follows: - 81% for territorial cooperation; - 12% for regional cooperation, including EUR 30 million for intra-regional operations; - 3.5% for technical assistance; - 3.5% of non-allocated funds. The envelopes allocated to each OCT have been specified. Programming Members proposed to include the programming rules directly in the new ODA by taking over the rules proposed in the NDICI applicable to the OCTs and recalling the principle that the Financial Regulation applies, except where specifically provided in the OAD.
  • date: 2019-01-31T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=32011&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2019-01-31T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0053 title: T8-0053/2019 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 566 votes to 40, with 41 abstentions, following the consultation procedure, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council decision on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union, including relations between the European Union, on the one hand, and Greenland and the Kingdom of Denmark, on the other (Overseas Association Decision or OAD). The European Parliament approved the Commission's proposal subject to the following amendments: Objectives Parliament specified that the association between the Union and the OCTs should contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development objectives as defined in Agenda 2030 and in the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement. Those specific objectives would be as follows: - to assist the OCTs in addressing the major challenges they face, including the level of education for Greenland; - to strengthen the resilience of the OCTs, reducing their economic and environmental vulnerability; - to improve the competitiveness of the OCTs, including as regards social standards; - to promote cooperation between the OCTs and other partners. Members proposed that specific treatment be accorded to the least developed OCTs so as to enable them to catch up and address their permanent structural constraints. The association should: - promote the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms on which it is based, through dialogue and cooperation between the Union and the OCTs; - promote equality and equity between men and women in the OCTs, as well as the empowerment of women and equal political and economic opportunities for women. All initiatives should incorporate a gender dimension. The Union and the OCTs should cooperate to ensure the active participation of young people in the labour market in order to combat youth unemployment. With regard to environmental issues, cooperation should also focus on addressing issues linked to land degradation, including rising sea levels and soil contamination, as well as combating illegal logging. Budget Parliament has proposed that the financial allocation for the programme for the period 2021-2027 be set at EUR 669 million in current prices instead of the EUR 500 million proposed by the Commission. The general distribution proposed is as follows: - 81% for territorial cooperation; - 12% for regional cooperation, including EUR 30 million for intra-regional operations; - 3.5% for technical assistance; - 3.5% for an unallocated fund for all OCTs, which would include Greenland. The envelopes allocated to each OCT have been specified. Dialogue with the OCTs This dialogue should enable the OCTs to play a full part in implementing the association and also in defining and implementing the Union's regional strategies in the areas in which the OCTs are located. The dialogue with the Caribbean OCTs should in particular serve to strengthen the European strategy in the Caribbean region and to foster cooperation on issues relating to biodiversity, climate change, sustainable resource management, disaster risk prevention and management, the social dimension, as well as on promoting good governance, including in the field of taxation and the fight against organised crime. Programming Members proposed including rules on programming directly in the new OAD, taking over the rules proposed for the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument ( NDICI ). These would apply to the OCTs, while recalling the principle that the Financial Regulation is applicable, unless otherwise provided for in the OAD.
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    Association of the overseas countries and territories with the EU including EU/Greenland/Denmark relations 2021–2027
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    • PURPOSE: to establish the the rules and procedures governing the EU's association with the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs), including Greenland (Overseas Association Decision) for the period 2021-2027.

      PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

      ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

      BACKGROUND: Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) have been associated with the European Union since the entry into force of the Treaty of Rome. These 25 islands located in the Atlantic, Antarctic, Arctic, Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific regions are not sovereign countries, but depend on four EU Member States: Denmark, France, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.

      The OCTs are not part of the Union’s customs territory and are outside the internal market. In addition, most OCTs face specific challenges due to their size and remoteness. In this context, the EU has financed territorial and regional European Development Fund (EDF) programmes in the OCTs in previous decades.

      The main source of funding for the current 'Overseas Association Decision' is the 11th EDF which covers programming and financing of territorial and regional programmes for OCTs other than Greenland, which is the subject of a specific decision financed from the EU budget (the Greenland Decision).

      Under the next multiannual financial framework of the Union for the period 2021-2027, it is proposed to regroup a number of external financing instruments into a comprehensive instrument called the neighbourhood, development and international cooperation instrument (NDICI) and to integrate the EDF into the EU budget. Thus, from 1 January 2021, the Union assistance to OCTs previously financed by the European Development Fund (EDF) shall be financed from the general budget of the Union.

      In order to streamline the number of external financing instruments and their performance, the relations with all OCTs, including Greenland, shall be regrouped by replacing the Overseas Association Decision and the Greenland Decision by a single Decision

      CONTENT: this proposal for a Decision aims to establish, for the period 2021-207, an association of the overseas countries and territories (OCTs) with the Union, which shall constitute a partnership aimed at fostering the sustainable development of the OCTs and promote the values and standards of the Union in the wider world.

      The proposed instrument takes account of the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union on 29 March 2019 effective with the expiration of the transition period on 1 January 2021 and thus does not apply to British OCTs.

      Cooperation with the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs), including Greenland, shall aim to support and strengthen economic, political and cultural relations between the EU and the Overseas Countries and Territories linked to the EU Member States.

      Priority shall be given to cooperation in areas of mutual interest, such as:

      • the economic diversification of OCTs' economies, including their further integration in world and regional economies;
      • in the specific case of Greenland, the need to increase the skills of its labour force;
      • the promotion of green and blue economy;
      • the sustainable management of natural resources, including the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services;
      • climate change mitigation and adaptation to the impacts of climate change;
      • the promotion of disaster risk reduction;
      • the promotion of research, innovation and scientific cooperation activities;
      • the promotion of social, cultural and economic exchanges between the OCTs, their neighbours and other partners;
      • Arctic issues.

      The association is the framework for policy dialogue and cooperation on issues of mutual interest. It shall continue to be based on the three key pillars of enhancing competitiveness, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability, and promoting cooperation and integration between the OCTs and other partners and neighbouring regions.

      Without prejudice to the Commission’s prerogatives, the OCT authorities shall have primary responsibility for implementing the operations agreed on under the cooperation strategy. The Commission shall be responsible for establishing the general rules and conditions for these programmes and projects.

      Actions under this programme are expected to contribute 20 % of the overall financial envelope of the programme to climate objectives.

      In principle, the OCTs shall remain eligible, under the next multiannual financial framework, to participate in Union programmes. They shall participate in the thematic programmes and rapid response actions of the neighbourhood, development and international cooperation instrument.

      Proposed budget: the proposed decision earmarks EUR 500 million (in current prices) to the association with the OCTs under the heading ‘Neighbourhood and the world' of the multiannual financial framework for the period 2021-2027.

      Of this amount, EUR 225 million shall be allocated to Greenland and EUR 225 million to the other OCTs, including EUR 159 million for territorial programmes and EUR 66 million for regional programmes.

      In addition an intra-regional financial envelope of EUR 15 million is open to all the OCTs, including Greenland.

      Moreover an amount of EUR 22 million for technical assistance is foreseen in accordance with the new Decision as well as a non-allocated amount of EUR 13 million.

      The financial resources for Greenland shall come from heading 6 of the EU budget: ‘Neighbourhood and the world’. As regards the other OCTs, their financial allocations shall be transferred from the EDF to the ‘Neighbourhood and the World’ heading of the budget.

    activities/1
    date
    2018-09-10T00:00:00
    body
    EP
    type
    Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
    committees
    activities/2
    date
    2019-02-12T00:00:00
    body
    EP
    type
    Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
    committees/1/date
    2018-08-10T00:00:00
    committees/1/rapporteur
    • group: EPP name: PONGA Maurice
    committees/1/shadows
    • group: S&D name: FRUNZULICĂ Doru-Claudian
    other/0
    body
    EC
    dg
    commissioner
    MIMICA Neven
    procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
    DEVE/8/13744
    procedure/stage_reached
    Old
    Preparatory phase in Parliament
    New
    Awaiting committee decision
    activities/0/docs/0/celexid
    CELEX:52018PC0461:EN
    activities
    • date: 2018-06-14T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0461/COM_COM(2018)0461_EN.pdf type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2018)0461 body: EC type: Legislative proposal published commission:
    committees
    • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG
    • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Development committee: DEVE
    • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL
    • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
    • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Fisheries committee: PECH
    links
    other
      procedure
      legislative_priorities
      reference
      2018/0244(CNS)
      subtype
      Legislation
      legal_basis
      Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 203
      stage_reached
      Preparatory phase in Parliament
      summary
      Repealing Decision 2013/755/EU
      instrument
      Decision
      title
      Association of the overseas countries and territories with the EU including EU/Greenland/Denmark relations 2021–2027
      type
      CNS - Consultation procedure
      subject
      4.70.06 Outlying and outermost regions, overseas countries and territories