BETA


2018/0247(COD) Instrument for pre-accession assistance (IPA III) 2021–2027

Progress: Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET ZOVKO Željana (icon: EPP EPP), PICULA Tonino (icon: S&D S&D) GROŠELJ Klemen (icon: Renew Renew), VON CRAMON-TAUBADEL Viola (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), VILIMSKY Harald (icon: ID ID), DZHAMBAZKI Angel (icon: ECR ECR), MATIAS Marisa (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Former Responsible Committee AFET SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA José Ignacio (icon: PPE PPE), FLECKENSTEIN Knut (icon: S&D S&D)
Former Committee Opinion INTA BORRELLI David (icon: NA NA) Laima Liucija ANDRIKIENĖ (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion BUDG MALETIĆ Ivana (icon: PPE PPE) Xabier BENITO ZILUAGA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Former Committee Opinion ENVI VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana (icon: PPE PPE) Anneli JÄÄTTEENMÄKI (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Committee Opinion REGI ZELLER Joachim (icon: PPE PPE) Ivan JAKOVČIĆ (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Committee Opinion LIBE VALERO Bodil (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Marina ALBIOL GUZMÁN (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Csaba SÓGOR (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 212

Events

2019/10/08
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations after 1st reading in Parliament
2019/07/30
   Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/07/15
   EP - ZOVKO Željana (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2019/07/15
   EP - PICULA Tonino (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2019/03/27
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/03/27
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 513 votes to 97, with 45 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA III).

The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Objectives

IPA III shall assist beneficiary countries in adopting and implementing the political, institutional, legal, legal, administrative, social and economic reforms required to ensure that they comply with the values of the Union and gradually align with the Union's rules, standards, policies and practices for accession.

Parliament set out the specific objectives of the instrument, namely:

- to strengthen the rule of law, democracy, the respect of human rights, including those of minorities and children, gender equality, fundamental rights and international law, civil society, academic freedom, peace and security, the respect for cultural diversity, non-discrimination and tolerance;

- to address forced displacement and irregular migration, ensuring that migration takes place in a safe, orderly and regular manner, and safeguarding access to international protection;

- to reinforce the effectiveness of public administration and support transparency, structural reforms, judicial independence fight against corruption and good governance at all levels; including in the field of public procurement, state aid, competition, foreign investment and intellectual property;

- to strengthen the rules-based multilateral international order as well as well as peace-building and conflict prevention, including through confidence-building and mediation, inclusive and integrated education people to people contacts, freedom of the media and communication;

- to strengthen economic, social and territorial development and cohesion;

to reinforce environmental protection, increase resilience to climate change, accelerate the shift towards a low-carbon economy and develop the digital economy and society, thereby creating job opportunities, in particular for the youth;

- to support territorial and cross border cooperation including across maritime borders, and enhance trade and economic relations by fully implementing existing agreements with the Union, reducing regional imbalances.

Budget

Parliament proposed that the financial envelope for the implementation of IPA III for the period 2021-2027 shall be set at EUR 13 009 976 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 14 663 401 000 in current prices). The European Parliament and the Council shall authorise the annual appropriations within the limit of the multiannual financial framework for the period 2021 to 2027.

Programmes and actions shall aim to contribute to at least 16% of the overall financial envelope being devoted to climate-related objectives.

Increased involvement of civil society

The Commission shall act in partnership with the beneficiaries. The partnership shall involve, as appropriate, relevant national and local authorities, as well as civil society organisations, allowing them to play a meaningful role in the design, implementation and monitoring phases.

IPA programming framework

The Regulation shall be complemented by an IPA programming framework established by the Commission by means of delegated acts. The IPA programming framework shall be established by the Commission by means of delegated acts. The programming framework shall expire on 30 June 2025 at the latest. The Commission shall adopt a new IPA programming framework by 30 June 2025 based on the mid-term evaluation, ensuring consistency with other external financing instruments and taking due account of relevant European Parliament resolutions.

The IPA programming framework shall be based on clear and verifiable performance indicators set out in Annex IV to the Regulation to assess progress towards the objectives set out therein, in particular in the following areas: democracy, rule of law, judicial independence, human rights and fundamental freedoms, gender equality, anti-corruption, reconciliation and peacebuilding, press freedom, climate change.

Suspension of Union assistance

Members proposed to strengthen the conditionality of IPA aid by considering the possibility of suspending assistance in the event of violations of the principles of democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms or commitments made under agreements concluded with the Union.

Budget support shall be reduced or suspended in the event of systemic irregularities in management and control systems or unsatisfactory progress towards the objectives agreed with the beneficiary.

In the event of suspension, the aid granted by the Union shall mainly be used to support civil society organisations and non-state actors for actions to promote human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Governance

A horizontal steering group composed of all relevant Commission and EEAS services and chaired by the VP/HR or a representative of that office shall be responsible for the steering, coordination and management of this instrument throughout the management cycle.

Parliament shall be fully involved in the design, programming, monitoring and evaluation phases of the external financing instruments in order to guarantee political control and democratic scrutiny and accountability of Union funding in the field of external action.

The Union Delegations in the beneficiary countries shall take all necessary measures to ensure the visibility of the financial support provided by the Union.

Documents
2019/03/26
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/03/11
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the report by Knut FLECKENSTEIN (S&D, DE) and José Ignacio SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA (EPP, ES) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA III).

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows:

Objectives

IPA III shall assist beneficiary countries in adopting and implementing the political, institutional, legal, legal, administrative, social and economic reforms required to ensure that they comply with the values of the Union and gradually align with the Union's rules, standards, policies and practices for accession.

Members set out the specific objectives of the instrument, namely:

- to strengthen the rule of law, democracy, the respect of human rights, including those of minorities and children, gender equality, fundamental rights and international law, civil society, academic freedom, peace and security, the respect for cultural diversity, non-discrimination and tolerance;

- to address forced displacement and irregular migration, ensuring that migration takes place in a safe, orderly and regular manner, and safeguarding access to international protection;

- to reinforce the effectiveness of public administration and support transparency, structural reforms, judicial independence fight against corruption and good governance at all levels;

- to strengthen the rules-based multilateral international order as well as well as peace-building and conflict prevention, including through confidence-building and mediation, inclusive and integrated education people to people contacts, freedom of the media and communication;

- to strengthen economic, social and territorial development and cohesion;

to reinforce environmental protection, increase resilience to climate change, accelerate the shift towards a low-carbon economy and develop the digital economy and society, thereby creating job opportunities, in particular for the youth;

- to support territorial and cross border cooperation including across maritime borders, and enhance trade and economic relations by fully implementing existing agreements with the Union, reducing regional imbalances.

Budget

Members proposed that the financial envelope for the implementation of IPA III for the period 2021-2027 shall be set at EUR 13 009 976 000 at 2018 prices (EUR 14 663 401 000 in current prices). The European Parliament and the Council shall authorise the annual appropriations within the limit of the multiannual financial framework for the period 2021 to 2027.

Programmes and actions shall aim to contribute to at least 16% of the overall financial envelope being devoted to climate-related objectives.

Increased involvement of civil society

The Commission shall act in partnership with the beneficiaries. The partnership shall involve, as appropriate, relevant national and local authorities, as well as civil society organisations, allowing them to play a meaningful role in the design, implementation and monitoring phases.

IPA programming framework

The IPA programming framework shall be established by the Commission by means of delegated acts. The programming framework shall expire on 30 June 2025 at the latest. The Commission shall adopt a new IPA programming framework by 30 June 2025 based on the mid-term evaluation, ensuring consistency with other external financing instruments and taking due account of relevant European Parliament resolutions.

The IPA programming framework shall be based on clear and verifiable performance indicators set out in Annex IV to the Regulation to assess progress towards the objectives set out therein.

Suspension of Union assistance

Members proposed to strengthen the conditionality of IPA aid by considering the possibility of suspending assistance in the event of violations of the principles of democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms or commitments made under agreements concluded with the Union.

Budget support shall be reduced or suspended in the event of systemic irregularities in management and control systems or unsatisfactory progress towards the objectives agreed with the beneficiary.

Governance

A horizontal steering group composed of all relevant Commission and EEAS services and chaired by the VP/HR or a representative of that office shall be responsible for the steering, coordination and management of this instrument throughout the management cycle.

The European Parliament shall be fully involved in the design, programming, monitoring and evaluation phases of the external financing instruments in order to guarantee political control and democratic scrutiny and accountability of Union funding in the field of external action.

Documents
2019/03/05
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2019/02/04
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2019/01/31
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/01/25
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/12/12
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/12/06
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/12/05
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/29
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/11/22
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/22
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/30
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/10/26
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/08/10
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/07/11
   EP - MALETIĆ Ivana (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2018/07/10
   EP - SALAFRANCA SÁNCHEZ-NEYRA José Ignacio (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2018/07/10
   EP - FLECKENSTEIN Knut (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2018/07/09
   EP - BORRELLI David (NA) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2018/07/09
   EP - VALERO Bodil (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2018/07/02
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/06/21
   EP - VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2018/06/20
   EP - ZELLER Joachim (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in REGI
2018/06/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/06/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish the instrument for pre-accession assistance (IPA III) for the period 2021-2027.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: Regulation (EU) No 231/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing an Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance ( IPA II ) expires on 31 December 2020. In order to safeguard the effectiveness of the Union's external actions, the Commission proposes to maintain a framework for the planning and delivering external assistance under the next multiannual financial framework for the period 2021-2027.

The Commission considers it essential to maintain a dedicated instrument in support of enlargement policy , while ensuring its complementarity with the general objectives of the Union's external action and in particular those of the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument ( NDICI ).

The enlargement process is based on well-established criteria ("the Copenhagen criteria") and fair and rigorous conditionality. The objective of the proposed instrument is to provide increased assistance to candidate and potential candidate countries to pursue the necessary far-reaching reforms.

In November 2015, the European Commission set out a medium-term strategy for the Union's enlargement policy, which remains valid today. The current enlargement agenda covers the partners of the Western Balkans and Turkey. On 17 April 2018, the European Commission recommended to the Council the opening of accession negotiations with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania in light of the progress achieved. This would maintain and deepen the current reform momentum.

The Commission reaffirmed the firm, merit-based prospect of Union membership for the Western Balkans . It is also keen to continue the dialogue with Turkey on a number of key areas of common interest such as economic and trade relations, energy, transport, migration and asylum, foreign policy, security and the fight against terrorism.

CONTENT: the proposal for a Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - seeks to establish the instrument for pre-accession assistance (IPA III) programme for the period 2021-2027.

IPA III shall support the beneficiary countries in adopting and implementing the political, institutional, legal, administrative, social and economic reforms required by those beneficiaries to comply with Union values and to progressively align to Union rules, standards, policies and practices with a view to Union membership.

IPA III shall be clearly positioned in the context of the new Western Balkans strategy , and reflect the developments in the relations with Turkey.

As regards political priorities , IPA III shall focus on the main priorities set out in the enlargement policy and relevant strategy papers, namely: the rule of law, fundamental rights and governance, socio-economic development, EU policies and acquis, and people-to-people contacts, as well as reconciliation, good neighbourly relations and regional cooperation.

In addition to these priorities already included in IPA II, other key issues such as migration, security, environmental protection and climate change are more visibly addressed in the proposal.

Programming framework : this shifts the focus from partner allocations to performance in achieving the objectives. Assistance will continue to be targeted and adjusted to the specific situation of the beneficiaries. However, access to funds should, in addition to a principle of ‘fair share’ , be based on criteria such as project/programme maturity , expected impact and progress on the rule of law, fundamental rights and governance.

Proposed budget : the European Commission has proposed an amount of EUR 14.5 billion (in current prices) for the new instrument for pre-accession assistance for the period 2021-2027.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0174/2019 - José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra et Knut Fleckenstein - Am 130 27/03/2019 13:00:57.000

2019/03/27 Outcome: -: 549, +: 92, 0: 22
EL CY FR EE DK LU MT LV HR SI AT IE LT NL BE SK SE FI PT BG CZ HU RO GB ES PL IT DE
Total
9
1
67
4
11
5
6
8
8
8
17
9
9
24
21
13
17
13
21
16
20
18
25
62
49
47
65
90
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34

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1

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2

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1

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35

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15

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2

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1

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A8-0174/2019 - José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra et Knut Fleckenstein - Proposition de la Commission 27/03/2019 13:02:49.000

2019/03/27 Outcome: +: 513, -: 97, 0: 45
DE IT PL ES GB RO BG HU PT NL CZ SE BE SK FI LT HR SI AT LV IE MT LU EE DK FR EL CY
Total
89
65
46
51
62
24
16
18
20
24
19
17
21
13
11
9
8
8
16
7
9
6
5
4
10
67
9
1
icon: PPE PPE
191

United Kingdom PPE

2

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2

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1

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166

Netherlands S&D

3

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2

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A8-0174/2019 - José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra et Knut Fleckenstein - Am 130

2019/03/27 Outcome: -: 549, +: 92, 0: 22
EL CY FR EE DK LU MT LV HR SI AT IE LT NL BE SK SE FI PT BG CZ HU RO GB ES PL IT DE
Total
9
1
67
4
11
5
6
8
8
8
17
9
9
24
21
13
17
13
21
16
20
18
25
62
48
47
65
90
icon: ENF ENF
34

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

For (1)

1

Germany ENF

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Lithuania EFDD

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
15

France NI

2

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1

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49
5

Estonia Verts/ALE

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1

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icon: ALDE ALDE
61

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A8-0174/2019 - José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra et Knut Fleckenstein - Proposition de la Commission

2019/03/27 Outcome: +: 513, -: 97, 0: 45
DE IT PL ES GB RO BG HU PT NL CZ SE BE SK FI LT HR SI AT LV IE MT LU EE DK FR EL CY
Total
89
65
46
50
62
24
16
18
20
24
19
17
21
13
11
9
8
8
16
7
9
6
5
4
10
67
9
1
icon: PPE PPE
191

United Kingdom PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Greece PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
166

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

2

Croatia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
58

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
68

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Finland ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
15

Germany NI

Against (1)

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

3

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
40

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

4

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Greece GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
33

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
613 2018/0247(COD)
2018/09/25 ENVI 32 amendments...
source: 628.369
2018/10/10 BUDG 24 amendments...
source: 628.622
2018/11/09 INTA 44 amendments...
source: 630.460
2018/11/26 REGI 70 amendments...
source: 630.667
2018/11/29 AFET 329 amendments...