BETA


2018/0251(NLE) Nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania (Ignalina programme)

Progress: Awaiting final decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE HARMS Rebecca (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) LANGEN Werner (icon: PPE PPE), KOUROUMBASHEV Peter (icon: S&D S&D), MATTHEWS Rupert (icon: ECR ECR), PUNSET Carolina (icon: ALDE ALDE), KOHLÍČEK Jaromír (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), PAKSAS Rolandas (icon: EFDD EFDD), LETARD-LECHEVALIER Christelle (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Lead committee dossier:

Events

2019/02/27
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/01/17
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/01/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 569 votes to 17, with 32 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council regulation establishing the nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania (Ignalina programme) and repealing Council Regulation (EU) No 1369/2013.

Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments:

Objectives

Members clarified the programme’s general objective as being to adequately assist Lithuania in safely implementing Ignalina nuclear power plant decommissioning. This would include the safety of the interim spent fuel storage.

It assigns as the programme’s complementary objective to ensure broad dissemination in all Member States of the generated knowledge on nuclear decommissioning. This complementary objective shall be funded by the financial assistance programme for decommissioning of nuclear facilities and management of radioactive waste.

Budget

Although the Commission proposed to set the financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme over the period 2021-2027 at EUR 552 million expressed in current prices, Parliament proposed to increase the financial envelope to EUR 780 million expressed in current prices for the implementation of the main objective of the Programme (decommissioning activities).

Taking into account the findings of the Commission's 2018 report on the evaluation and implementation of EU nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes in Bulgaria, Slovakia and Lithuania, as well as Lithuania's political commitment to contribute 14% of the total cost of decommissioning, the EU co-financing rate, Members proposed that the overall EU co-financing rate applicable under the programme be 86% (compared to 80% proposed by the Commission).

Scope

Parliament proposed for the safe handling and storage of spent nuclear fuel to be upgraded to the category of a critical nuclear safety issue (in contrast to the category of “lesser challenges” in the Commission’s proposal).

Members proposed that while the disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste in a deep geological repository is excluded from the scope of the programme over the 2021-2027 period, Lithuania and the EU should begin, in due time, consultations regarding the potential inclusion of those activities in the scope of the programme under the subsequent Multiannual Financial Framework.

Lastly, Parliament recalled that it should be an ethical obligation for each Member State to avoid any undue burden on future generations in respect of spent fuel and radioactive waste, including any radioactive waste expected from decommissioning of existing nuclear installations. National policies have to be based on the ‘polluter pays’ principle.

Documents
2019/01/16
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/11/29
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted the report by Rebecca HARMS (Greens/EFA, DE) on the proposal for a Council regulation establishing the nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania (Ignalina programme) and repealing Council Regulation (EU) No 1369/2013.

The Committee’s main amendments are as follows:

It clarified the programme’s general objective as being to adequately assist Lithuania in safely implementing Ignalina nuclear power plant decommissioning. This would include the safety of the interim spent fuel storage .

It assigns as the programme’s complementary objective to ensure broad dissemination in all Member States of the generated knowledge on nuclear decommissioning . This complementary objective shall be funded by the financial assistance programme for decommissioning of nuclear facilities and management of radioactive waste because dissemination is not mentioned in the Protocol No 4 of Lithuania’s EU accession treaty which created the Ignalina programme.

The Committee increased the financial allocation for the implementation of the programme over the 2021-2027 period to EUR 780 000 000 in current prices for the implementation of the main objective of the programme (decommissioning activities). It considered that the amount proposed by the Commission fails to take into account that the process of dismantling the Unit 2 will start in 2026 and last beyond 2027, whereas sufficient funding for this task must be accumulated before the start of the works. Otherwise, the national regulator will not be in a position to authorise the commencement of the dismantling of the Unit 2 reactor.

Members proposed that the overall EU co-financing rate applicable under the Programme should be 86% ( in contrast to the 80% proposed by the Commission). Since the inception of the programme, Lithuania has contributed about 14% to direct decommissioning activities. However, given that certain related activities (such as physical and fire safety of the plant) are not covered by the Ignalina programme, the actual contribution by Lithuania is higher. The proposal to increase Lithuania’s share to 20% would present a significant financial burden for Lithuania.

The Committee also upgraded the safe handling and storage of spent nuclear fuel to the category of a critical nuclear safety issue (in contrast to the category of “lesser challenges” in the Commission’s proposal).

The Committee proposes that while the disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste in a deep geological repository isexcluded from the scope of the programme over the 2021-2027 period, Lithuania and the EU should begin, in due time, consultations regarding the potential inclusion of those activities in the scope of the programme under the subsequent Multiannual Financial Framework . It considers that the EU, in solidarity with Lithuania, should include the disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste within the scope of the Ignalina programmes in the future Multiannual Financial Frameworks to at least co-finance the beginning of these extremely expensive works, such as the search for the suitable site, research and excavation.

Documents
2018/11/21
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/10/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/13
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/09/10
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/08/30
   EP - HARMS Rebecca (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2018/06/13
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish the nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania (Ignalina programme).

PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow the opinion of the latter.

BACKGROUND: in the context of its accession to the European Union, Lithuania made a commitment to close and subsequently decommission two nuclear reactors of the same type as in Chernobyl in the Ignalina nuclear power plant. As an act of solidarity with Lithuania, the European Union committed itself, through Lithuania's Accession Treaty, to providing adequate financial assistance for the decommissioning of Ignalina nuclear power plant.

The Ignalina programme has the general objective of assisting Lithuania in managing the radiological safety challenges of the decommissioning of the Ignalina nuclear power plant.

The programme's mid-term evaluation concluded that the current programme is coherent with EU policies aiming at ensuring the highest level of nuclear safety. Lithuania has progressed effectively and efficiently in the decommissioning of its reactors in line with the baseline agreed in 2014 (i.e. decommissioning plan). The analysis also demonstrated that substantially improved levels of safety are going to be achieved at the site as a result of the Union funding in this multiannual financial framework.

The programme has been conducted through several financial periods and will be finalised by 2038. The Commission considers that the programme is expected to meet important milestones with the funding provided in this multiannual financial framework (2014-2020). However, substantial amounts are still required in order to address the remaining key radiological safety issues related to its decommissioning. Beyond 2020, the raising of additional funds needed until 2038 for the decommissioning of Ignalina nuclear power plant calls for a careful follow-up as the financing gap is sizable (EUR 1331 million).

CONTENT: the draft regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - establishes the nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania. It lays down the objectives of the Programme, the budget for the period 2021 – 2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

The programme will focus in the next multiannual financial framework on radiological safety challenges of the decommissioning of the Ignalina nuclear power plant where the greatest EU added value can be achieved (i.e. progressive decrease of the level of radiological hazard for the workers, the public and the environment in Lithuania but also in the EU as a whole).

The Programme has the specific objective of carrying out the dismantling and decontamination of the Ignalina equipment and reactor shafts in accordance with the decommissioning plan and disseminating the generated knowledge among EU stakeholders.

The proposal:

sets out the level of shared effort between the EU and Lithuania in decommissioning the Ignalina nuclear power plant; sets a yearly ceiling for EU payment maximum Union co-financing rate at 80%; introduces a major simplification with respect to the current programme, i.e. the use of a multiannual work programme, which reflects the nature of decommissioning programmes; defines the process for the multiannual work programme revision over a period which is commensurate to the programme nature and provides the Commission with adequate tools to introduce corrective measures if necessary.

Budget : the financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021 - 2027 shall be EUR 552 million in current prices.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0413/2018 - Rebecca Harms - Vote unique

2019/01/17 Outcome: +: 569, 0: 32, -: 17
DE FR IT ES PL RO GB BE SE CZ AT NL PT HU BG SK HR FI DK LT IE SI EL LU LV MT EE CY ??
Total
81
62
52
46
47
21
57
20
19
19
17
21
14
14
15
13
10
9
9
9
9
8
16
6
6
6
5
4
1
icon: PPE PPE
178

United Kingdom PPE

2

Netherlands PPE

2

Finland PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
161

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
57

Germany ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: ECR ECR
61
2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
37

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
31

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
33

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

Abstain (1)

4

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

France NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

NI

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
35 2018/0251(NLE)
2018/10/15 ITRE 35 amendments...
source: 628.644

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0413&language=EN
New
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events/6/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0035
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2019-0035_EN.html
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commission
  • body: EC dg: Energy commissioner: ARIAS CAÑETE Miguel
committees
  • type: Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE date: 2018-08-30T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: HARMS Rebecca group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE shadows: name: LANGEN Werner group: Group of European People's Party abbr: EPP name: KOUROUMBASHEV Peter group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D name: MATTHEWS Rupert group: European Conservatives and Reformists abbr: ECR name: PUNSET Carolina group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE name: KOHLÍČEK Jaromír group: European United Left - Nordic Green Left abbr: GUE/NGL name: PAKSAS Rolandas group: Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy abbr: EFDD name: LECHEVALIER Christelle group: Europe of Nations and Freedom abbr: ENF
  • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG opinion: False
docs
  • date: 2018-09-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE627.763 title: PE627.763 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2018-10-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE628.644 title: PE628.644 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2019-02-27T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=31868&j=0&l=en title: SP(2019)150 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2018-06-13T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0466/COM_COM(2018)0466_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0466 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0466 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to establish the nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania (Ignalina programme). PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow the opinion of the latter. BACKGROUND: in the context of its accession to the European Union, Lithuania made a commitment to close and subsequently decommission two nuclear reactors of the same type as in Chernobyl in the Ignalina nuclear power plant. As an act of solidarity with Lithuania, the European Union committed itself, through Lithuania's Accession Treaty, to providing adequate financial assistance for the decommissioning of Ignalina nuclear power plant. The Ignalina programme has the general objective of assisting Lithuania in managing the radiological safety challenges of the decommissioning of the Ignalina nuclear power plant. The programme's mid-term evaluation concluded that the current programme is coherent with EU policies aiming at ensuring the highest level of nuclear safety. Lithuania has progressed effectively and efficiently in the decommissioning of its reactors in line with the baseline agreed in 2014 (i.e. decommissioning plan). The analysis also demonstrated that substantially improved levels of safety are going to be achieved at the site as a result of the Union funding in this multiannual financial framework. The programme has been conducted through several financial periods and will be finalised by 2038. The Commission considers that the programme is expected to meet important milestones with the funding provided in this multiannual financial framework (2014-2020). However, substantial amounts are still required in order to address the remaining key radiological safety issues related to its decommissioning. Beyond 2020, the raising of additional funds needed until 2038 for the decommissioning of Ignalina nuclear power plant calls for a careful follow-up as the financing gap is sizable (EUR 1331 million). CONTENT: the draft regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - establishes the nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania. It lays down the objectives of the Programme, the budget for the period 2021 – 2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding. The programme will focus in the next multiannual financial framework on radiological safety challenges of the decommissioning of the Ignalina nuclear power plant where the greatest EU added value can be achieved (i.e. progressive decrease of the level of radiological hazard for the workers, the public and the environment in Lithuania but also in the EU as a whole). The Programme has the specific objective of carrying out the dismantling and decontamination of the Ignalina equipment and reactor shafts in accordance with the decommissioning plan and disseminating the generated knowledge among EU stakeholders. The proposal: sets out the level of shared effort between the EU and Lithuania in decommissioning the Ignalina nuclear power plant; sets a yearly ceiling for EU payment maximum Union co-financing rate at 80%; introduces a major simplification with respect to the current programme, i.e. the use of a multiannual work programme, which reflects the nature of decommissioning programmes; defines the process for the multiannual work programme revision over a period which is commensurate to the programme nature and provides the Commission with adequate tools to introduce corrective measures if necessary. Budget : the financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021 - 2027 shall be EUR 552 million in current prices.
  • date: 2018-09-10T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-11-21T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-11-29T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0413&language=EN title: A8-0413/2018 summary: The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted the report by Rebecca HARMS (Greens/EFA, DE) on the proposal for a Council regulation establishing the nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania (Ignalina programme) and repealing Council Regulation (EU) No 1369/2013. The Committee’s main amendments are as follows: It clarified the programme’s general objective as being to adequately assist Lithuania in safely implementing Ignalina nuclear power plant decommissioning. This would include the safety of the interim spent fuel storage . It assigns as the programme’s complementary objective to ensure broad dissemination in all Member States of the generated knowledge on nuclear decommissioning . This complementary objective shall be funded by the financial assistance programme for decommissioning of nuclear facilities and management of radioactive waste because dissemination is not mentioned in the Protocol No 4 of Lithuania’s EU accession treaty which created the Ignalina programme. The Committee increased the financial allocation for the implementation of the programme over the 2021-2027 period to EUR 780 000 000 in current prices for the implementation of the main objective of the programme (decommissioning activities). It considered that the amount proposed by the Commission fails to take into account that the process of dismantling the Unit 2 will start in 2026 and last beyond 2027, whereas sufficient funding for this task must be accumulated before the start of the works. Otherwise, the national regulator will not be in a position to authorise the commencement of the dismantling of the Unit 2 reactor. Members proposed that the overall EU co-financing rate applicable under the Programme should be 86% ( in contrast to the 80% proposed by the Commission). Since the inception of the programme, Lithuania has contributed about 14% to direct decommissioning activities. However, given that certain related activities (such as physical and fire safety of the plant) are not covered by the Ignalina programme, the actual contribution by Lithuania is higher. The proposal to increase Lithuania’s share to 20% would present a significant financial burden for Lithuania. The Committee also upgraded the safe handling and storage of spent nuclear fuel to the category of a critical nuclear safety issue (in contrast to the category of “lesser challenges” in the Commission’s proposal). The Committee proposes that while the disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste in a deep geological repository isexcluded from the scope of the programme over the 2021-2027 period, Lithuania and the EU should begin, in due time, consultations regarding the potential inclusion of those activities in the scope of the programme under the subsequent Multiannual Financial Framework . It considers that the EU, in solidarity with Lithuania, should include the disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste within the scope of the Ignalina programmes in the future Multiannual Financial Frameworks to at least co-finance the beginning of these extremely expensive works, such as the search for the suitable site, research and excavation.
  • date: 2019-01-16T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190116&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2019-01-17T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=31868&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2019-01-17T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0035 title: T8-0035/2019 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 569 votes to 17, with 32 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council regulation establishing the nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania (Ignalina programme) and repealing Council Regulation (EU) No 1369/2013. Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments: Objectives Members clarified the programme’s general objective as being to adequately assist Lithuania in safely implementing Ignalina nuclear power plant decommissioning. This would include the safety of the interim spent fuel storage. It assigns as the programme’s complementary objective to ensure broad dissemination in all Member States of the generated knowledge on nuclear decommissioning. This complementary objective shall be funded by the financial assistance programme for decommissioning of nuclear facilities and management of radioactive waste. Budget Although the Commission proposed to set the financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme over the period 2021-2027 at EUR 552 million expressed in current prices, Parliament proposed to increase the financial envelope to EUR 780 million expressed in current prices for the implementation of the main objective of the Programme (decommissioning activities). Taking into account the findings of the Commission's 2018 report on the evaluation and implementation of EU nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes in Bulgaria, Slovakia and Lithuania, as well as Lithuania's political commitment to contribute 14% of the total cost of decommissioning, the EU co-financing rate, Members proposed that the overall EU co-financing rate applicable under the programme be 86% (compared to 80% proposed by the Commission). Scope Parliament proposed for the safe handling and storage of spent nuclear fuel to be upgraded to the category of a critical nuclear safety issue (in contrast to the category of “lesser challenges” in the Commission’s proposal). Members proposed that while the disposal of spent fuel and radioactive waste in a deep geological repository is excluded from the scope of the programme over the 2021-2027 period, Lithuania and the EU should begin, in due time, consultations regarding the potential inclusion of those activities in the scope of the programme under the subsequent Multiannual Financial Framework. Lastly, Parliament recalled that it should be an ethical obligation for each Member State to avoid any undue burden on future generations in respect of spent fuel and radioactive waste, including any radioactive waste expected from decommissioning of existing nuclear installations. National policies have to be based on the ‘polluter pays’ principle.
procedure
reference
2018/0251(NLE)
title
Nuclear decommissioning assistance programme of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in Lithuania (Ignalina programme)
subject
geographical_area
Lithuania
type
NLE - Non-legislative enactments
subtype
Consultation of Parliament
instrument
Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 159
stage_reached
Awaiting final decision
dossier_of_the_committee
ITRE/8/14494