BETA


2018/0254(COD) European Defence Fund 2021–2027

Progress: Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE KRASNODĘBSKI Zdzisław (icon: ECR ECR) GROSSETÊTE Françoise (icon: PPE PPE), MARTIN Edouard (icon: S&D S&D), RIQUET Dominique (icon: ALDE ALDE), SYLIKIOTIS Neoklis (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), BÜTIKOFER Reinhard (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), CASTALDO Fabio Massimo (icon: EFDD EFDD), LETARD-LECHEVALIER Christelle (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion AFET MCALLISTER David (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion BUDG LAMASSOURE Alain (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion IMCO LÓPEZ-ISTÚRIZ WHITE Antonio (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 59-p4, TFEU 173-p3, TFEU 182-p4, TFEU 183, TFEU 188-p2

Events

2019/08/08
   Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/04/18
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 328 votes to 231, with 19 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the European Defence Fund.

The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Objective

The proposed Regulation shall aim to create the European Defence Fund for the period 2021-2027, the objective of which shall be to promote the competitiveness, efficiency and innovative capacity of the European Defence Technology and Industrial Base throughout the Union.

The Fund shall contribute to the strategic autonomy and freedom of action of the Union:

- by supporting collaborative actions and cross-border cooperation between legal entities across the Union, in particular SMEs and mid-cap companies,

- strengthening and improving the flexibility of the defence supply chain and value chains,

- by extending cross-border cooperation between legal entities and

- by fostering better exploitation of the industrial potential of innovation, research and technological development at each stage of the industrial life cycle of defence-related products and technologies.

By supporting collaborative research and collaborative development of defence-related products and technologies, the Fund shall make the most effective use of defence research expenditure in the Union, encourage market uptake of European products and technologies and reduce the fragmentation of defence-related products and technologies across the Union.

Lastly, the Fund shall lead to greater standardisation of defence systems and greater interoperability between Member States' capabilities.

Such cooperation shall be consistent with the defence capabilities priorities agreed by the Member States in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy and in particular in the context of the Capability Development Plan.

Budget

Parliament has proposed that the financial envelope for the implementation of the European Defence Fund for the period 2021-2027 be set at EUR 11.5 billion at 2018 prices , according to the following indicative breakdown:

- EUR 3.6 billion to directly finance competitive and collaborative research projects, including grants;

- EUR 7.8 billion for prototype phase and related certification and testing requirements.

In order to respond to unforeseen situations or new developments and needs, the Commission may reallocate amounts between the allocations for research actions and development actions referred to in paragraph 2, up to a maximum of 20 %.

At least 4 % and up to 8 % of the financial envelope shall be allocated to calls for proposals or awards of funding supporting disruptive technologies for defence.

Ethics

Actions implemented under the Fund shall comply with relevant national, Union and international law, including the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. These actions shall also comply with ethical principles reflected also in relevant national, Union and international law. The conditions for the implementation of activities with ethically sensitive issues shall be specified in the funding agreement.

Eligible entities

The amended text stipulated that the infrastructure, facilities, assets and resources of the recipients and subcontractors involved in an action which are used for the purposes of the actions financially supported by the Fund shall be located on the territory of a Member State or of an associated country for the entire duration of an action, and their executive management structures shall be established in the Union or in an associated country.

Recipients and subcontractors involved in an action shall not be subject to control by a non-associated third country or by a non-associated third country entity.

A legal entity established in the Union or in an associated country and controlled by a non-associated third country or a non-associated third country entity shall be eligible as a recipient or subcontractor involved in an action only if guarantees approved by the Member State or the associated country in which it is established, in accordance with its national procedures, are made available to the Commission.

The guarantees shall provide assurances that the involvement in an action of such a legal entity would not contravene the security and defence interests of the Union and its Member States.

If deemed to be appropriate by the Member State or the associated country in which the legal entity is established, additional guarantees may be provided.

There shall be no unauthorised access by a non-associated third country or other non-associated third country entity to classified information relating to the carrying out of the action and potential negative effects over security of supply of inputs critical to the action shall be avoided.

Eligible actions

Actions for the development of lethal autonomous weapons without the possibility for meaningful human control over the selection and engagement decisions when carrying out strikes against humans shall also not be eligible for financial support by the Fund, without prejudice to the possibility to provide funding for actions for the development of early warning systems and countermeasures for defensive purposes.

An activity may benefit from an increased funding rate where at least 10 % of the total eligible costs of the activity are allocated to SMEs established in a Member State or in an associated country and which participate in the activity as recipients, subcontractors or as entities in the supply chain.

The results of the research activities supported financially by the Fund shall remain with the recipient who generated them.

The Fund shall be implemented by annual work programmes setting out, where applicable, the overall amount reserved for blending operations as well as the overall budget benefiting the cross-border participation of SMEs.

Documents
2019/04/17
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/12/12
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/12/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/12/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 337 votes to 178, with 109 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the European Defence Fund.

The issue was referred back to the committee for interinstitutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary concern the following points:

Objective

The proposed Regulation aims to create the European Defence Fund for the period 2021-2027, the objective of which would be to promote the competitiveness, efficiency and innovation capacity of the European defence industry. The Fund shall contribute to the freedom of action of the Union and its strategic autonomy, in particular in technological and industrial terms.

In its resolution of 14 March 2018 on the next multiannual financial framework, the European Parliament reiterated its support for the creation of a European Defence Union, with a specific research programme in the area of defence of the Union and an industrial development programme in which Member States invest.

The Fund shall have the following specific objectives:

1) support highly efficient collaborative research projects that could significantly boost the performance of European future capabilities, aiming at maximising innovation and introducing new defence products and technologies, including disruptive ones;

2) support collaborative European development projects of defence products and technologies consistent with defence capability priorities commonly agreed by Member States within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy.

The Funds shall also: (i) achieve greater economies of scale; (ii) reducing the risk of duplication; (iii) reducing the over-dependence on imports from third countries thus increasing the acquisition of European equipment by Member States; (iv) increase the standardisation of defence systems and the interoperability between Member States' capabilities.

Budget

Parliament proposed that the financial envelope for the implementation of the European Defence Fund for the period 2021-2027 should be set at EUR 11.5 billion at 2018 prices, according to the following indicative breakdown:

- EUR 3.6 billion to directly finance competitive and collaborative research projects, including grants;

- EUR 7.8 billion for prototype development and related certification and testing requirements.

In order to deal with unforeseen situations or new developments and needs, the Commission may, in the context of the annual budgetary procedure, depart from the amounts by a maximum of 10 %.

Members asked the Commission to ensure that administrative procedures are as simple as possible and incur a minimum of additional expenditure.

Work programmes

Members asked the Commission to ensure the coherence of work programmes throughout the life cycle management of defence products and technologies. The work programme shall ensure that a credible proportion of the overall budget benefits actions enabling the cross-border participation of SMEs and mid-caps.

Complementarity

The Fund shall take into account the action plan on military mobility as part of the next Connecting Europe Facility, European Peace Facility to support, and, inter alia , Common Foreign and Security Policy CFSP/CSDP Missions and efforts to counter Hybrid Threats, and help to coordinate capability planning, development, procurement and operations.

Documents
2018/12/12
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2018/12/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/11/28
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted the report by Zdzisław KRASNODĘBSKI (ECR, PL) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the European Defence Fund.

The Committee on Foreign Affairs, exercising its prerogative as an associated committee in accordance with Article 54 of the Rules of Procedure, also gave its opinion on the report.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Subject matter : the proposed Regulation seeks to establish the European Defence Fund . It lays down the objectives of the Fund, the budget for the period 2021-2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

Objectives : the general objective of the Fund is to foster the competitiveness, efficiency and innovation capacity of the European defence industry, by supporting collaborative actions and cross-border cooperation between legal entities throughout the Union , including SMEs and mid-caps as well as strengthening and improving the agility of both defence supply and value chains , widening cross-border cooperation between legal entities and fostering the better exploitation of the industrial potential of innovation, research and technological development, at each stage of the life cycle of defence products and technologies.

The Fund shall contribute to the freedom of action of the Union and its strategic autonomy , in particular in technological and industrial terms.

It shall take into account the Action Plan on Military Mobility as part of the next Connecting Europe Facility, European Peace Facility to support, and, inter alia, Common Foreign and Security Policy CFSP/CSDP Missions and efforts to counter Hybrid Threats, that together with the Capability Development Plan (CDP), the coordinated annual review on defence (CARD) and Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) help to coordinate capability planning, development, procurement and operations.

The Fund shall have the following specific objectives:

support highly efficient collaborative research projects that could significantly boost the performance of European future capabilities, aiming at maximising innovation and introducing new defence products and technologies, including disruptive ones; support collaborative European development projects of defence products and technologies consistent with defence capability priorities commonly agreed by Member States within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy.

Budget : the proposed financial envelope for the implementation of the European Defence Fund for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 11.5 billion in 2018 prices. The distribution of the amount shall be:

EUR 3.6 billion for research actions; EUR 7.8 billion for development actions.

In order to respond to unforeseen situations or to new developments and needs , the Commission may, within the annual budgetary procedure, deviate from the amounts by a maximum of 10 %.

Members called on the Commission to ensure that administrative procedures are kept as simple as possible and incur a minimum amount of additional expenses.

Work programmes : Members called for the Commission to ensure the coherence of the work programmes throughout the life-cycle management of defence products and technologies.

Documents
2018/11/21
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/11/14
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/06
   RO_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/26
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/23
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/27
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/24
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/18
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/14
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/08/27
   EP - MCALLISTER David (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2018/07/18
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/07/11
   EP - LAMASSOURE Alain (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2018/07/05
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2018/07/02
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/06/25
   EP - KRASNODĘBSKI Zdzisław (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2018/06/19
   EP - LÓPEZ-ISTÚRIZ WHITE Antonio (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2018/06/13
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/06/13
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish the European defence fund for the period 2021-2027.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: in an environment marked by the emergence of new threats, such as hybrid and cyber-attacks, and the return of more conventional dangers, EU citizens and their political leaders agree that the EU should collectively take more responsibility for its security.

The defence sector is largely fragmented across national borders , with considerable duplication, resulting in inefficiencies that prevent economies of scale. At the same time, the cost of defence equipment and in particular R&D costs have increased, while cooperation between Member States on investment in R&D and defence equipment has remained limited . In 2015, only 16% of defence equipment was procured through European collaborative procurement.

In June 2017, the Commission adopted a communication launching the European Defence Fund consisting of 'windows' for research and for capability. The communication was accompanied by a legislative proposal for a Regulation establishing the European defence industrial development programme under the capability window.

A two-step approach was proposed, involving:

an initial test period under the 2014-2020 multi-annual financial framework during which a preparatory action on defence research supports collaborative defence research, while the proposed European defence industrial development programme shall co-finance collaborative development projects; and a dedicated fund under the 2021-2027 multi-annual financial framework scaling up the funding for collaborative research in innovative defence products and technologies and for subsequent stages of the development cycle, including the development of prototypes.

CONTENT: the proposal for a Regulation - presented for a Union of 27 Member States - concerns the establishment of the European defence fund under the multiannual financial framework for the period 2021-2027 with a view to fostering the competitiveness and innovation capacity of the European defence industry and technological base and thus contributing to the strategic autonomy of the Union.

The new fund shall promote cooperation between Member States and contribute to cost savings in the production of interoperable and advanced defence technologies and equipment. Its objective shall be:

support collaborative research projects that could significantly boost the performance of future capabilities, aiming at maximising innovation and introducing new defence products and technologies, including disruptive ones; support collaborative development projects of defence products and technologies consistent with defence capability priorities commonly agreed by Member States within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. It shall contribute to greater efficiency of defence spending within the Union, achieving greater economies of scale, reducing the risk of unnecessary duplication and as such reducing the fragmentation of defence products and technologies throughout the Union.

Eligible actions : the proposed Regulation shall enable the Commission to set up a financing programme, implemented mainly through grants awarded following annual calls for proposals. Cross-border participation of SMEs and mid-cap companies shall be encouraged by offering higher financing rates.

To be eligible, actions shall, in principle, be carried out in cooperation between at least three legal entities based in at least three different Member States and/or associated countries . Furthermore, the EU shall only co-finance the development of common prototypes if Member States commit themselves to buying the final product.

Once assessed as eligible, a 'PESCO bonus', in the form of a higher funding rate, shall be granted to eligible permanent structured cooperation in defence projects.

The fund shall also take into account defence activities implemented through the European peace facility , an off-budget instrument proposed outside the multi-annual financial framework.

Proposed budget : the Fund shall have an overall budget of EUR 13 billion (at current prices) for the period 2021-2027, of which:

EUR 4.1 billion for collaborative research actions on new and future security threats; EUR 8.9 billion for collaborative capacity development projects, in addition to national contributions.

Up to 5% of the financial envelope shall be devoted to support disruptive technologies for defence.

Documents

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0412/2018 - Zdzisław Krasnodębski - Am 2=12= 12/12/2018 17:08:24.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 375, +: 141, 0: 15
SE DK EL FR DE FI IE CY LV NL EE LT SI LU MT HR SK PT AT HU CZ BE BG ES RO GB IT PL
Total
14
11
11
58
72
8
7
6
4
17
5
8
4
5
5
8
10
13
17
15
20
16
13
38
19
43
45
39
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
36

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

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1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
33

Sweden GUE/NGL

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1

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1

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1

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3

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2

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icon: ALDE ALDE
47

Sweden ALDE

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icon: S&D S&D
143
4
3

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4
3
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159

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3

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4

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1

A8-0412/2018 - Zdzisław Krasnodębski - Article 11, § 6a Am 1PC 12/12/2018 17:09:17.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: +: 521, -: 58, 0: 8
DE IT GB ES FR CZ AT BE RO PT SE NL HU BG FI PL HR IE SI SK EE EL MT LU DK LV LT CY
Total
76
53
49
44
63
19
18
17
21
16
15
19
15
14
12
43
8
7
7
11
6
14
6
5
11
4
8
6
icon: PPE PPE
174

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1

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3

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164

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icon: ALDE ALDE
53
3

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1
3

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39

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3

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5

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icon: ENF ENF
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icon: EFDD EFDD
24

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A8-0412/2018 - Zdzisław Krasnodębski - Am 6revPC1=13=/1 12/12/2018 17:11:06.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: +: 301, -: 287, 0: 20
GB IT FR DE AT IE PT ES SE CY EL FI MT DK LV BE LT LU EE HR SK SI HU CZ NL BG RO PL
Total
58
55
64
79
18
7
16
43
15
6
14
12
6
11
5
18
8
6
6
9
11
7
16
20
19
15
21
43
icon: S&D S&D
164

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

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1

Estonia S&D

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1

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

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1

Netherlands S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

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3

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1

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1

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2

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1

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icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
35

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

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icon: ENF ENF
29

Germany ENF

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icon: EFDD EFDD
33

Germany EFDD

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icon: NI NI
15

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55

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icon: ALDE ALDE
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Sweden ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
181

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE

Against (1)

3

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Belgium PPE

For (1)

3

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0412/2018 - Zdzisław Krasnodębski - Am 6revPC1=13=/2 12/12/2018 17:11:22.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 291, +: 283, 0: 37
GB IT EL AT IE PT DE ES SE FI CY LU MT DK LV EE FR LT HR BE SK SI HU CZ BG NL RO PL
Total
59
54
15
18
7
16
81
45
15
12
6
6
6
11
5
5
63
8
9
18
11
7
16
20
14
19
21
44
icon: S&D S&D
163

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
42

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
36

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
15

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (2)

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

France NI

2

Hungary NI

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
28

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
57

Italy ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Finland ECR

1

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

3

Slovakia ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
54

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Germany ALDE

3

Sweden ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
182

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE

Against (1)

3

Finland PPE

3

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1
3

A8-0412/2018 - Zdzisław Krasnodębski - Am 14-16 12/12/2018 17:12:19.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: -: 334, +: 250, 0: 30
IT AT ES SE DE CY PT EL MT IE DK LV FI LU EE FR HR GB BE LT SI HU SK NL BG CZ RO PL
Total
54
18
45
15
83
6
16
15
6
7
11
5
12
6
6
64
9
59
18
8
7
16
10
19
15
20
21
43
icon: S&D S&D
164

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

2

Czechia S&D

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
36

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

2
icon: ENF ENF
29

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
15

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

2

Hungary NI

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
54

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Germany ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
58

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Romania ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
183

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Finland PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

3

A8-0412/2018 - Zdzisław Krasnodębski - Article 7, §5 Am 1PC 12/12/2018 17:13:05.000

2018/12/12 Outcome: +: 382, -: 218, 0: 18
PL FR CZ RO DE BG ES IE NL FI HU GB SI HR SK EE PT LT CY LV DK SE LU MT BE AT EL IT
Total
44
65
19
21
81
15
47
7
19
12
16
59
7
9
11
6
16
8
6
5
11
15
6
6
19
18
15
55
icon: PPE PPE
183

Ireland PPE

3

United Kingdom PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Latvia PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

Against (1)

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
54
3

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1
3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
59

Czechia ECR

2

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Cyprus ECR

1

Sweden ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Italy ECR

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
37

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Italy GUE/NGL

2
icon: ENF ENF