BETA


2018/0291(NLE) EC/Pacific States Interim Partnership Agreement: accession of Samoa

Progress: Awaiting final decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead INTA MARTIN David (icon: S&D S&D) RUAS Fernando (icon: PPE PPE), MCCLARKIN Emma (icon: ECR ECR), HIRSCH Nadja (icon: ALDE ALDE), FORENZA Eleonora (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), HAUTALA Heidi (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion DEVE MCAVAN Linda (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion PECH
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 207, TFEU 218-p6a

Events

2018/11/29
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 504 votes to 117, with 11 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the accession of Samoa to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

Following the recommendation of its Committee on International Trade and the opinion of the Committee on Development, the European Parliament gave its consent to Samoa's accession to the Agreement.

The Economic Partnership Agreement is a development-oriented trade agreement, which offers asymmetric market access to Samoa and allows it to shield sensitive sectors from liberalisation, while providing a large number of safeguards and a clause for infant industry protection. It further contains provisions on the rules of origin that facilitate Samoa's exports into the EU.

The Agreement contains provisions on Sustainable Development (Article 3), whereby the Parties reaffirm that the objective of sustainable development must be an integral part of the provisions of this Agreement, consistent with the overarching objectives and principles set out in Cotonou Agreement.

Documents
2018/11/22
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on International Trade adopted the report by David MARTIN (S&D, UK) on the draft Council decision on Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament approve Samoa's accession to the agreement .

On 12 June 2002, the Council authorised the Commission to open negotiations for Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States.

The Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part, which establishes the framework for an Economic Partnership Agreement, was signed in London on 30 July 2009. The Agreement has been provisionally applied by Papua New Guinea and Fiji since 20 December 2009 and 28 July 2014 respectively.

The Interim Partnership Agreement provides for the possibility for other Pacific islands to join the Agreement. As a result, on 5 February 2018, Samoa submitted an application for membership and an offer of market access. The Commission concluded negotiations with Samoa on behalf of the Union on 23 April 2018.

The main elements of the EPA are as follows:

a restriction of the scope to trade in goods; duty-free and quota-free access to the European market; the asymmetrical and progressive liberalisation of customs duties adapted to the level of development of the Pacific States; Samoa will liberalise 82.6% of its merchandise exports (in tariff lines) over a 20-year period; the country’s sensitive products (such as meat, fish, fruit and vegetables, alcohol, mineral water, etc.), which represent 17.4% of the total, are excluded; trade defence provisions, which include a bilateral guarantee provided in the event that imports cause or threaten to cause economic or social injury or destabilisation to a sector or party to the agreement; provisions on cooperation on technical barriers to trade (TBT) and sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS); provisions concerning customs and trade facilitation; a guarantee concerning food security and a derogation in the event of a balance of payments imbalance; global sourcing for fisheries; the recognition of sustainable development as an underlying objective; a procedure for monitoring the implementation of the EPA, including its impact on sustainable development, conducted by the relevant institutional bodies; a stable framework for economic and trade relations with the EU; a regional integration component that will become increasingly relevant as other Pacific states join the agreement.

Documents
2018/11/20
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/11/13
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/10/22
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/10/15
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/10/09
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/10/02
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to approve, on behalf of the European Union, Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Union, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

BACKGROUND: on 12 June 2002, the Council authorised the Commission to open negotiations for Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA) with the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States.

The Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part, which establishes a framework for an Economic Partnership Agreement, was signed in London on 30 July 2009. The Interim Partnership Agreement has been provisionally applied by Papua New Guinea and by Fiji since 20 December 2009 and 28 July 2014, respectively.

Article 80 of the Interim Partnership Agreement lays down the provisions regarding the accession of the other Pacific Island States. On 5 February 2018, Samoa submitted an accession request together with a market access offer to the Council.

The Commission assessed Samoa’s offer and found it acceptable. Accordingly, it concluded negotiations with Samoa on 23 April 2018.

CONTENT: the draft Council Decision includes provisions for the approval, on behalf of the Union, of Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement subject to Samoa’s deposit of the Act of Accession pursuant to Article 80 of the Agreement, as well as the notification required to express the Union's consent to apply the Agreement on a provisional basis in accordance with Article 76(3) thereof. It also provides that the approval of the accession of Samoa to the Interim Partnership Agreement shall not be construed as conferring rights or imposing obligations which can directly be invoked before Union or Member State courts or tribunals.

The EPA also contains provisions on sustainable development whereby the Parties reaffirm that the objective of sustainable development must form an integral part of the provisions of the Agreement, in accordance with the fundamental objectives and principles set out in the Cotonou Agreement and, in particular, their general commitment to poverty reduction and eventual eradication in line with the objectives of sustainable development.

The EPA is a development-oriented trade agreement that provides Samoa with asymmetric market access and allows it to protect sensitive sectors from liberalisation, while offering numerous safeguards and a clause to protect infant industries. It also contains provisions on rules of origin that facilitate Samoa's exports to the EU.

Documents
2018/09/17
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/08/29
   EP - Responsible Committee
2018/07/23
   EC - Initial legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to approve, on behalf of the European Union (EU), Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Union, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

BACKGROUND: on 12 June 2002, the Council authorised the Commission to open negotiations for Economic Partnership Agreements with the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States.

On 30 July 2009, the European Union signed the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part, which establishes a framework for an Economic Partnership Agreement. The Interim Partnership Agreement has been provisionally applied by Papua New Guinea and by Fiji since 20 December 2009 and 28 July 2014, respectively.

On 5 February 2018, Samoa submitted an accession request together with a market access offer to the Council. The Commission found Samoa's offer acceptable and concluded negotiations with Samoa on 23 April 2018. Samoa's accession should now be approved on behalf of the European Union.

CONTENT: with this proposal, the Commission invites the Council to approve, on behalf of the Union, Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

The EPA is a development-oriented trade agreement, which offers asymmetric market access to Samoa and allows it to shield sensitive sectors from liberalisation, while providing a large number of safeguards and a clause for infant industry protection. It further contains provisions on the rules of origin that facilitate Samoa's exports into the EU.

Over the course of its implementation, the EPA will largely relieve EU exporters of industrial products to Samoa from paying customs duties . It satisfies the criteria established in Article XXIV of the GATT 1994 (to eliminate duties and other restrictive regulations of commerce with respect to substantially all trade between the parties) i.e.: 80 % of EU exports are covered in 15 years. Samoa will benefit from maintaining their duty-free quota-free market access into the EU market.

The EPA also establishes a set of disciplines in the areas of sustainable development ; technical barriers to trade; and Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures among others. There is a possibility for the EU to avail itself of the bilateral dispute settlement mechanism foreseen under the Agreement.

Samoa graduated from the Least Developed Countries category in 2014; as such it continues to benefit from the 'Everything But Arms' initiative which offers its exports duty-free quotafree market access into the EU for a transitional period ending on 31 December 2018.

As of then, the standard form of the Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) will apply to Samoa's exports to the EU, which is however less generous than the EBA.

To maintain full duty-free-quota-free access to the EU market, Samoa would need to have joined the existing EPA between the EU, Fiji and PNG as of 1 January 2019. It is therefore foreseen that the EU and Samoa shall provisionally apply the Agreement subject to notifying each other in writing of the completion of the procedures necessary for this purpose in accordance with Article 76(3) of the Agreement.

The scope of the agreement does not cover tax good governance. The Commission will use the context of the EPA Committee meeting to raise with the Samoan authorities their situation towards the EU list, in particular to advocate for tax reforms in line with the EU listing criteria.

The proposal provides that the approval of the accession must not be construed as conferring rights or imposing obligations which can be directly invoked before Union or Member State courts or tribunals.

Documents

Votes

A8-0376/2018 - David Martin - Approbation 29/11/2018 11:36:33.000

2018/11/29 Outcome: +: 504, -: 117, 0: 11
IT DE GB PL RO ES BG HU BE AT CZ PT SK SE DK FI LT NL HR SI LV MT EE LU IE CY ?? EL FR
Total
58
78
61
45
26
43
16
17
21
17
18
19
11
20
12
9
8
24
8
8
7
5
6
4
10
6
1
12
62
icon: PPE PPE
185

United Kingdom PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
164

Belgium S&D

Against (2)

4

Czechia S&D

3

Finland S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ECR ECR
60

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Finland ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
56

Germany ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1
2

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
38

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
17

Germany NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

4

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

1

NI

Abstain (1)

1

France NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
41

Italy GUE/NGL

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3
4

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
41

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

4

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

France Verts/ALE

3
AmendmentsDossier
5 2018/0291(NLE)
2018/10/19 DEVE 3 amendments...
source: 629.501
2018/11/08 INTA 2 amendments...
source: 630.386

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

activities
  • date
    2018-07-23T00:00:00
    docs
    • url
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0546/COM_COM(2018)0546_EN.pdf
      text
      • PURPOSE: to approve, on behalf of the European Union (EU), Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Union, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

        PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

        ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. 

        BACKGROUND: on 12 June 2002, the Council authorised the Commission to open negotiations for Economic Partnership Agreements with the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States.

        On 30 July 2009, the European Union signed the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part, which establishes a framework for an Economic Partnership Agreement. The Interim Partnership Agreement has been provisionally applied by Papua New Guinea and by Fiji since 20 December 2009 and 28 July 2014, respectively.

        On 5 February 2018, Samoa submitted an accession request together with a market access offer to the Council. The Commission found Samoa's offer acceptable and concluded negotiations with Samoa on 23 April 2018. Samoa's accession should now be approved on behalf of the European Union.

        CONTENT: with this proposal, the Commission invites the Council to approve, on behalf of the Union, Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

        The EPA is a development-oriented trade agreement, which offers asymmetric market access to Samoa and allows it to shield sensitive sectors from liberalisation, while providing a large number of safeguards and a clause for infant industry protection. It further contains provisions on the rules of origin that facilitate Samoa's exports into the EU.

        Over the course of its implementation, the EPA will largely relieve EU exporters of industrial products to Samoa from paying customs duties. It satisfies the criteria established in Article XXIV of the GATT 1994 (to eliminate duties and other restrictive regulations of commerce with respect to substantially all trade between the parties) i.e.: 80 % of EU exports are covered in 15 years. Samoa will benefit from maintaining their duty-free quota-free market access into the EU market.

        The EPA also establishes a set of disciplines in the areas of sustainable development; technical barriers to trade; and Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures among others. There is a possibility for the EU to avail itself of the bilateral dispute settlement mechanism foreseen under the Agreement.

        Samoa graduated from the Least Developed Countries category in 2014; as such it continues to benefit from the 'Everything But Arms' initiative which offers its exports duty-free quotafree market access into the EU for a transitional period ending on 31 December 2018.

        As of then, the standard form of the Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) will apply to Samoa's exports to the EU, which is however less generous than the EBA.

        To maintain full duty-free-quota-free access to the EU market, Samoa would need to have joined the existing EPA between the EU, Fiji and PNG as of 1 January 2019. It is therefore foreseen that the EU and Samoa shall provisionally apply the Agreement subject to notifying each other in writing of the completion of the procedures necessary for this purpose in accordance with Article 76(3) of the Agreement.

        The scope of the agreement does not cover tax good governance. The Commission will use the context of the EPA Committee meeting to raise with the Samoan authorities their situation towards the EU list, in particular to advocate for tax reforms in line with the EU listing criteria.

        The proposal provides that the approval of the accession must not be construed as conferring rights or imposing obligations which can be directly invoked before Union or Member State courts or tribunals.

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      activities/0/docs/0/text
      • PURPOSE: to approve, on behalf of the European Union (EU), Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Union, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

        PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

        ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. 

        BACKGROUND: on 12 June 2002, the Council authorised the Commission to open negotiations for Economic Partnership Agreements with the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States.

        On 30 July 2009, the European Union signed the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part, which establishes a framework for an Economic Partnership Agreement. The Interim Partnership Agreement has been provisionally applied by Papua New Guinea and by Fiji since 20 December 2009 and 28 July 2014, respectively.

        On 5 February 2018, Samoa submitted an accession request together with a market access offer to the Council. The Commission found Samoa's offer acceptable and concluded negotiations with Samoa on 23 April 2018. Samoa's accession should now be approved on behalf of the European Union.

        CONTENT: with this proposal, the Commission invites the Council to approve, on behalf of the Union, Samoa's accession to the Interim Partnership Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Pacific States, of the other part.

        The EPA is a development-oriented trade agreement, which offers asymmetric market access to Samoa and allows it to shield sensitive sectors from liberalisation, while providing a large number of safeguards and a clause for infant industry protection. It further contains provisions on the rules of origin that facilitate Samoa's exports into the EU.

        Over the course of its implementation, the EPA will largely relieve EU exporters of industrial products to Samoa from paying customs duties. It satisfies the criteria established in Article XXIV of the GATT 1994 (to eliminate duties and other restrictive regulations of commerce with respect to substantially all trade between the parties) i.e.: 80 % of EU exports are covered in 15 years. Samoa will benefit from maintaining their duty-free quota-free market access into the EU market.

        The EPA also establishes a set of disciplines in the areas of sustainable development; technical barriers to trade; and Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures among others. There is a possibility for the EU to avail itself of the bilateral dispute settlement mechanism foreseen under the Agreement.

        Samoa graduated from the Least Developed Countries category in 2014; as such it continues to benefit from the 'Everything But Arms' initiative which offers its exports duty-free quotafree market access into the EU for a transitional period ending on 31 December 2018.

        As of then, the standard form of the Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) will apply to Samoa's exports to the EU, which is however less generous than the EBA.

        To maintain full duty-free-quota-free access to the EU market, Samoa would need to have joined the existing EPA between the EU, Fiji and PNG as of 1 January 2019. It is therefore foreseen that the EU and Samoa shall provisionally apply the Agreement subject to notifying each other in writing of the completion of the procedures necessary for this purpose in accordance with Article 76(3) of the Agreement.

        The scope of the agreement does not cover tax good governance. The Commission will use the context of the EPA Committee meeting to raise with the Samoan authorities their situation towards the EU list, in particular to advocate for tax reforms in line with the EU listing criteria.

        The proposal provides that the approval of the accession must not be construed as conferring rights or imposing obligations which can be directly invoked before Union or Member State courts or tribunals.

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