BETA


2018/0356(NLE) EU/Vietnam Free Trade Agreement
Next event: Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading 2020/02/10

Progress: Awaiting committee decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead INTA ZAHRADIL Jan (icon: ECR ECR) WINKLER Iuliu (icon: EPP EPP), KIRTON-DARLING Jude (icon: S&D S&D), KARLSBRO Karin (icon: Renew Renew), BRICMONT Saskia (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), LANCINI Danilo Oscar (icon: ID ID), MAUREL Emmanuel (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Former Responsible Committee INTA ZAHRADIL Jan (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion AFET WISELER-LIMA Isabel (icon: EPP EPP)
Committee Opinion DEVE TOBÉ Tomas (icon: EPP EPP)
Committee Opinion PECH BARTOLO Pietro (icon: S&D S&D)
Former Committee Opinion DEVE FRUNZULICĂ Doru-Claudian (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 091-p1, TFEU 100-p2, TFEU 207-p4, TFEU 218-p6a, TFEU 218-p7

Events

2020/02/10
   Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
2019/11/12
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2019/10/15
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2019/09/30
   EP - WISELER-LIMA Isabel (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2019/09/23
   EP - ZAHRADIL Jan (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2019/09/04
   EP - TOBÉ Tomas (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2019/07/23
   EP - BARTOLO Pietro (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in PECH
2019/07/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2019/06/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

P URPOSE: to conclude the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Viet Nam.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

BACKGROUND: on 23 April 2007, the Council authorised the Commission to enter into negotiations for a region-to-region Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

On 22 December 2009, the Council agreed on the principle of launching bilateral negotiations with individual ASEAN countries based on the authorisation and negotiating directives of 2007, whilst preserving the strategic objective of a region-to-region agreement.

On the basis of the negotiating directives adopted by the Council in 2007, and supplemented in October 2013 to include investment protection, the Commission has negotiated with Vietnam an ambitious and comprehensive FTA and an Investment Protection Agreement ( IPA ), with a view to creating new opportunities and legal certainty for trade and investment between both partners to develop.

Vietnam has become the EU's second biggest trading partner in ASEAN after Singapore and ahead of Malaysia, with trade between the EU and Vietnam worth EUR 47.6 billion in 2017. It is one of the fastest growing countries in ASEAN.

According to a study on the economic benefits to be expected from the FTA, EU exports to Vietnam are expected to increase by more than EUR 8 billion by 2035, while exports from Vietnam to the EU are expected to increase by EUR 15 billion. These estimates correspond to an increase, in relative terms, in EU exports to Vietnam of almost 29% and in exports from Vietnam to the EU of almost 18%. The EU's national income could increase by more than EUR 1.9 billion by 2035 as a result of the FTA, while Vietnam's could increase by EUR 6 billion over the same period.

CONTENT: the draft Council decision concerns the approval, on behalf of the European Union, of the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Vietnam. The Agreement was signed subject to its conclusion at a later date.

In line with the objectives set by the negotiating directives, the Commission secured:

the comprehensive liberalisation of services and investment markets, including crosscutting rules on licensing and for the mutual recognition of diplomas, and sectorspecific rules designed to ensure a level playing field for EU businesses; new tendering opportunities for EU bidders in Vietnam, who is not a member of the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement; the removal of technical and regulatory trade barriers to trade in goods, such as duplicative testing, in particular by promoting the use of technical and regulatory standards familiar in the EU in the sectors of motor vehicles, pharmaceuticals and medical devices, as well as green technologies; based on international standards, a more trade-facilitative regime for the approval of European food exports to Vietnam; Vietnam’s commitment to reduce or eliminate its tariffs on imports from the EU, and a cheaper access of European businesses and consumers to products originating in Vietnam; a high level protection of intellectual property rights, including with regard to the enforcement of these rights, also at the border, and a TRIPs-plus level of protection of EU GIs; a comprehensive chapter on trade and sustainable development, which aims at ensuring that trade supports labour rights, environmental protection and social development and promotes the sustainable management of forests and fisheries; and a swift dispute resolution mechanisms through either panel arbitration or with the help of a mediator.

The EU-Vietnam FTA and IPA include institutional provisions that lay down an implementing bodies’ structure to continuously monitor the implementation, operation and impact of the agreements. It establishes a Trade Committee that has as its main task to supervise and facilitate the implementation and application of the agreement.

Documents
2018/11/20
   EP - FRUNZULICĂ Doru-Claudian (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2018/11/19
   EP - ZAHRADIL Jan (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in INTA

Documents

  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE643.172
  • Committee draft report: PE642.857
  • Legislative proposal published: 06050/2019
  • Committee draft report: PE642.857
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE643.172
AmendmentsDossier
1 2018/0356(NLE)
2019/01/09 DEVE 1 amendments...
source: 632.793

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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      • P URPOSE: to conclude the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Viet Nam.
      • PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.
      • ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.
      • BACKGROUND: on 23 April 2007, the Council authorised the Commission to enter into negotiations for a region-to-region Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
      • On 22 December 2009, the Council agreed on the principle of launching bilateral negotiations with individual ASEAN countries based on the authorisation and negotiating directives of 2007, whilst preserving the strategic objective of a region-to-region agreement.
      • On the basis of the negotiating directives adopted by the Council in 2007, and supplemented in October 2013 to include investment protection, the Commission has negotiated with Vietnam an ambitious and comprehensive FTA and an Investment Protection Agreement ( IPA ), with a view to creating new opportunities and legal certainty for trade and investment between both partners to develop.
      • Vietnam has become the EU's second biggest trading partner in ASEAN after Singapore and ahead of Malaysia, with trade between the EU and Vietnam worth EUR 47.6 billion in 2017. It is one of the fastest growing countries in ASEAN.
      • According to a study on the economic benefits to be expected from the FTA, EU exports to Vietnam are expected to increase by more than EUR 8 billion by 2035, while exports from Vietnam to the EU are expected to increase by EUR 15 billion. These estimates correspond to an increase, in relative terms, in EU exports to Vietnam of almost 29% and in exports from Vietnam to the EU of almost 18%. The EU's national income could increase by more than EUR 1.9 billion by 2035 as a result of the FTA, while Vietnam's could increase by EUR 6 billion over the same period.
      • CONTENT: the draft Council decision concerns the approval, on behalf of the European Union, of the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Vietnam. The Agreement was signed subject to its conclusion at a later date.
      • In line with the objectives set by the negotiating directives, the Commission secured:
      • the comprehensive liberalisation of services and investment markets, including crosscutting rules on licensing and for the mutual recognition of diplomas, and sectorspecific rules designed to ensure a level playing field for EU businesses; new tendering opportunities for EU bidders in Vietnam, who is not a member of the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement; the removal of technical and regulatory trade barriers to trade in goods, such as duplicative testing, in particular by promoting the use of technical and regulatory standards familiar in the EU in the sectors of motor vehicles, pharmaceuticals and medical devices, as well as green technologies; based on international standards, a more trade-facilitative regime for the approval of European food exports to Vietnam; Vietnam’s commitment to reduce or eliminate its tariffs on imports from the EU, and a cheaper access of European businesses and consumers to products originating in Vietnam; a high level protection of intellectual property rights, including with regard to the enforcement of these rights, also at the border, and a TRIPs-plus level of protection of EU GIs; a comprehensive chapter on trade and sustainable development, which aims at ensuring that trade supports labour rights, environmental protection and social development and promotes the sustainable management of forests and fisheries; and a swift dispute resolution mechanisms through either panel arbitration or with the help of a mediator.
      • The EU-Vietnam FTA and IPA include institutional provisions that lay down an implementing bodies’ structure to continuously monitor the implementation, operation and impact of the agreements. It establishes a Trade Committee that has as its main task to supervise and facilitate the implementation and application of the agreement.
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      • date: 2018-10-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0691/COM_COM(2018)0691_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0691 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0691 title: EUR-Lex summary: URPOSE: to conclude the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Viet Nam. PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. BACKGROUND: the dynamically growing Southeast Asian economies, with their over 600 million consumers and a rapidly rising middle class, are key markets for European Union exporters and investors. With a total EUR 227.3 billion of trade in goods (2017) and EUR 77 billion of trade in services (2016), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) taken as a whole is the EU’s third largest trading partner outside Europe, after the US and China. Vietnam has become the EU's second biggest trading partner in ASEAN after Singapore and ahead of Malaysia , with trade between the EU and Vietnam worth EUR 47.6 billion in 2017. Vietnam is one of the fastest growing countries in ASEAN, with an average GDP growth rate of around 6% in the past decade that is forecasted to be maintained in the future. In 2007, the Council authorised the Commission to enter into negotiations for a region-to-region Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with countries of the ASEAN. On the basis of the negotiating directives adopted by the Council in 2007, and supplemented in October 2013 to include investment protection, the Commission has negotiated with Vietnam an ambitious and comprehensive FTA and an Investment Protection Agreement (IPA), with a view to creating new opportunities and legal certainty for trade and investment between both partners to develop. CONTENT: the Commission called on the Council to adopt the Decision to conclude the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Viet Nam. In line with the objectives set by the negotiating directives, the Commission secured the following: Liberalisation of services : the FTA includes the comprehensive liberalisation of services and investment markets, including crosscutting rules on licensing and for the mutual recognition of diplomas, and sector specific rules designed to ensure a level playing field for EU businesses. Procurement : new tendering opportunities for EU bidders in Vietnam, who is not a member of the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement. Trade barriers : the removal of technical and regulatory trade barriers to trade in goods, such as duplicative testing, in particular by promoting the use of technical and regulatory standards familiar in the EU in the sectors of motor vehicles, pharmaceuticals and medical devices, as well as green technologies. GI protection : a high level protection of intellectual property rights, including with regard to the enforcement of these rights, also at the border, and a TRIPs-plus level of protection of EU GIs. Sustainable development : the FTA includes a comprehensive chapter on trade and sustainable development, which aims at ensuring that trade supports environmental protection and social development and promotes the sustainable management of forests and fisheries. The chapter also sets out how social partners and civil society will be involved in its implementation and monitoring. Dispute mechanism : a swift dispute resolution mechanisms is proposed through either panel arbitration or with the help of a mediator. Investment protection : the EU-Vietnam IPA will ensure a high level of investment protection, while safeguarding the EU’s and Vietnam’s rights to regulate and pursue legitimate public policy objectives such as the protection of public health, safety and the environment. Trade committee : the institutional chapter of the FTA establishes a trade committee that has as its main task to supervise and facilitate the implementation and application of the agreement. It shall be comprised of representatives of the EU and of Vietnam who will meet every year or at the request of either side. BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the EU-Vietnam FTA will have a financial impact on the EU budget on the side of the revenues . It is estimated that foregone duties could reach an amount of EUR 1.7 billion upon full implementation of the agreement. The estimate is based on average imports projected for 2035 in the absence of an agreement and represents the annual loss in revenues resulting from the elimination of EU tariffs on imports originating in Vietnam. The EU-Vietnam IPA is expected to have a financial impact on the EU budget on the side of the expenditures . The agreement will be the EU’s third (after the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, and the EU-Singapore) to incorporate the Investment Court System (ICS) for the resolution of disputes between investors and states. An amount of EUR 700 000 of additional yearly expenditure is foreseen from 2019 onwards (subject to the entry into force of the agreement) to finance the permanent structure comprising a First Instance and an Appeal Tribunal. type: Initial legislative proposal body: EC
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      • URPOSE: to conclude the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Viet Nam.

        PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

        ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

        BACKGROUND: the dynamically growing Southeast Asian economies, with their over 600 million consumers and a rapidly rising middle class, are key markets for European Union exporters and investors. With a total EUR 227.3 billion of trade in goods (2017) and EUR 77 billion of trade in services (2016), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) taken as a whole is the EU’s third largest trading partner outside Europe, after the US and China.

        Vietnam has become the EU's second biggest trading partner in ASEAN after Singapore and ahead of Malaysia, with trade between the EU and Vietnam worth EUR 47.6 billion in 2017.

        Vietnam is one of the fastest growing countries in ASEAN, with an average GDP growth rate of around 6% in the past decade that is forecasted to be maintained in the future.

        In 2007, the Council authorised the Commission to enter into negotiations for a region-to-region Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with countries of the ASEAN.

        On the basis of the negotiating directives adopted by the Council in 2007, and supplemented in October 2013 to include investment protection, the Commission has negotiated with Vietnam an ambitious and comprehensive FTA and an Investment Protection Agreement (IPA), with a view to creating new opportunities and legal certainty for trade and investment between both partners to develop.

        CONTENT: the Commission called on the Council to adopt the Decision to conclude the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and Viet Nam. In line with the objectives set by the negotiating directives, the Commission secured the following:

        • Liberalisation of services: the FTA includes the comprehensive liberalisation of services and investment markets, including crosscutting rules on licensing and for the mutual recognition of diplomas, and sector specific rules designed to ensure a level playing field for EU businesses.
        • Procurement: new tendering opportunities for EU bidders in Vietnam, who is not a member of the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement.
        • Trade barriers: the removal of technical and regulatory trade barriers to trade in goods, such as duplicative testing, in particular by promoting the use of technical and regulatory standards familiar in the EU in the sectors of motor vehicles, pharmaceuticals and medical devices, as well as green technologies.
        • GI protection: a high level protection of intellectual property rights, including with regard to the enforcement of these rights, also at the border, and a TRIPs-plus level of protection of EU GIs.
        • Sustainable development: the FTA includes a comprehensive chapter on trade and sustainable development, which aims at ensuring that trade supports environmental protection and social development and promotes the sustainable management of forests and fisheries. The chapter also sets out how social partners and civil society will be involved in its implementation and monitoring.
        • Dispute mechanism: a swift dispute resolution mechanisms is proposed through either panel arbitration or with the help of a mediator.
        • Investment protection: the EU-Vietnam IPA will ensure a high level of investment protection, while safeguarding the EU’s and Vietnam’s rights to regulate and pursue legitimate public policy objectives such as the protection of public health, safety and the environment.

        Trade committee: the institutional chapter of the FTA establishes a trade committee that has as its main task to supervise and facilitate the implementation and application of the agreement. It shall be comprised of representatives of the EU and of Vietnam who will meet every year or at the request of either side.

        BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the EU-Vietnam FTA will have a financial impact on the EU budget on the side of the revenues. It is estimated that foregone duties could reach an amount of EUR 1.7 billion upon full implementation of the agreement. The estimate is based on average imports projected for 2035 in the absence of an agreement and represents the annual loss in revenues resulting from the elimination of EU tariffs on imports originating in Vietnam. 

        The EU-Vietnam IPA is expected to have a financial impact on the EU budget on the side of the expenditures. The agreement will be the EU’s third (after the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, and the EU-Singapore) to incorporate the Investment Court System (ICS) for the resolution of disputes between investors and states. An amount of EUR 700 000 of additional yearly expenditure is foreseen from 2019 onwards (subject to the entry into force of the agreement) to finance the permanent structure comprising a First Instance and an Appeal Tribunal.

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      • group: ECR name: ZAHRADIL Jan
      activities
      • date: 2018-10-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0691/COM_COM(2018)0691_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52018PC0691:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2018)0691 body: EC type: Legislative proposal published commission:
      committees
      • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA
      links
      other
        procedure
        geographical_area
        Vietnam
        reference
        2018/0356(NLE)
        title
        Conclusion of the Free Trade Agreement EU/Vietnam
        legal_basis
        stage_reached
        Preparatory phase in Parliament
        subtype
        Consent by Parliament
        type
        NLE - Non-legislative enactments
        subject
        6.20.03 Bilateral economic and trade agreements and relations