BETA


2018/0412(CNS) Value added tax (VAT): requirements for payment service providers

Progress: Awaiting final decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ECON PEREIRA Lídia (icon: EPP EPP) MOLNÁR Csaba (icon: S&D S&D), KOVAŘÍK Ondřej (icon: Renew Renew), SCOTT CATO Molly (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), JURZYCA Eugen (icon: ECR ECR), PAPADIMOULIS Dimitrios (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Former Responsible Committee ECON
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 113

Events

2019/12/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 590 votes to 19, with 81 abstentions, under the consultation procedure, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards the introduction of certain requirements for payment service providers.

The European Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to amendments.

Deepening transnational cooperation to combat VAT fraud

Parliament recalled that the existence of significant differences between Member States, with VAT gaps ranging from 0.6% to 35.5%, underlined the need to deepen transnational cooperation to better combat VAT fraud, in the context of e-commerce in particular, but also in a more general context (including carousel fraud). Indeed, according to the Commission, the difference between the expected VAT revenue and the amount actually collected, in the Union amounted to EUR 137 billion in 2017, representing EUR 267 of lost revenue per person in the Union.

New record keeping requirements

The proposed Directive requires payment service providers to retain, for each calendar quarter, sufficiently detailed records of beneficiaries and payment transactions corresponding to the payment services they provide, in order to assist Member States fight e-commerce VAT fraud.

Parliament proposed that this obligation shall apply when a payment service provider executes more than 25 payment transactions to the same payee in the course of a calendar quarter or executes a transfer of funds with a monetary value of at least EUR 2500 in a single payment transaction.

In addition, records shall be kept in electronic format by the payment service provider for a period of three years (instead of the proposed two years) from the end of the year during which the payment transaction was executed.

The payer's place of establishment shall be considered to be in the Member State that corresponds to the IBAN of the payer's payment account or any other identifier which unambiguously identifies the payer and the payer’s location.

The record keeping and reporting obligation should also arise in cases where a payment service provider receives funds or acquires payment transactions on behalf of the payee and not only where a payment service provider transfers funds or issues payments instruments for the payer.

Virtual currencies exchange platforms

By 31 December 2022, the Commission shall present a report on the need to include virtual currencies exchange platforms in the scope of the Directive. That report shall be accompanied, where appropriate, by a legislative proposal.

Strategy for fighting against VAT fraud

Parliament stated that this strategy should evolve in parallel with the increasing modernisation and digitalisation of the economy while rendering the VAT system as simple as possible for businesses and citizens. Member States should therefore continue to invest in technology-led tax collection, notably by automatically linking corporate cash registers and sales systems to VAT returns.

In addition, tax authorities should continue their efforts towards closer cooperation and exchange of best practices.

Tax authorities should work towards an effective communication and interoperability between all databases regarding fiscal matters at Union level. Blockchain technology could also be used in order to better protect personal data and improve the online exchange of information between tax authorities.

Prosecuting fraudsters

Parliament stressed the need to adopt an ambitious mandate for the European Public Prosecutor's Office in cooperation with national judicial authorities in order to ensure the efficient prosecution of fraudsters in national courts. Organised cross-border VAT fraud shall be duly prosecuted and fraudsters shall be punished.

Transposition and application

Members proposed that the transposition date shall be set at 31 December 2023 (instead of 2021) and that the provisions shall apply from 1 January 2024 (instead of 2022).

Documents
2019/12/16
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/12/09
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs adopted, under a special legislative procedure (consultation of Parliament), the report by Lídia PEREIRA (EPP, PT) on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards introducing certain requirements for payment service providers.

As a reminder, this proposal complements the current VAT regulatory framework as recently modified by the VAT E-commerce Directive in the context of the Commission’s Digital Single Market Strategy. Furthermore, this initiative strengthens the administrative cooperation framework to better tackle e-commerce VAT fraud and restore fair competition.

The committee recommends that the European Parliament approve the Commission's proposal subject to amendments.

Better tackle VAT fraud

Members stressed the need for more transnational cooperation in order to better combat VAT e-commerce fraud in particular, as well as VAT fraud more generally (including carousel fraud).

The report recalled that according to the Commission, the VAT gap (the difference between the expected VAT revenue and the amount actually collected) in the Union amounted to EUR 137.5 billion in 2017, representing a loss of 11.2 % of the total expected VAT revenue and EUR 267 of lost revenue per person in the Union. There are, however, big differences between Member States, with VAT gaps ranging from 0.6% up to 35.5%.

Virtual currencies exchange platforms

Given that payments are executed only in a limited number of cases through virtual currencies exchange platforms, such platforms are not considered to be payment services providers as defined in Directive (EU) 2015/236 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The risk of VAT fraud, although currently limited, does however exist. The Commission shall therefore evaluate within three years whether virtual currencies exchange platforms should be included in the scope of this Directive.

New record keeping requirements

The proposed Directive requires payment service providers to retain, for each calendar quarter, sufficiently detailed records of beneficiaries and payment transactions corresponding to the payment services they provide, in order to assist Member States fight e-commerce VAT fraud.

Members proposed that this obligation shall apply when a payment service provider executes more than 25 payment transactions to the same payee in the course of a calendar quarter or executes a transfer of funds with a monetary value of at least EUR 2500 in a single payment transaction.

In addition, records shall be kept in electronic format by the payment service provider for a period of three years (instead of the proposed two years) from the end of the year during which the payment transaction was executed.

The payer's place of establishment shall be considered to be in the Member State that corresponds to the IBAN of the payer's payment account or any other identifier which unambiguously identifies the payer and the payer’s location.

The record keeping and reporting obligation should also arise in cases where a payment service provider receives funds or acquires payment transactions on behalf of the payee and not only where a payment service provider transfers funds or issues payments instruments for the payer.

It is necessary to adopt an ambitious mandate for the European Public Prosecutor's Office (EPPO) in collaboration with national judicial authorities in order to ensure the efficient prosecution of fraudsters before the national courts. Organised cross-border VAT fraud should be duly prosecuted and the fraudsters should be penalised.

Strategy for fighting against VAT fraud

Members stated that this strategy should evolve in parallel with the increasing modernisation and digitalisation of the economy while rendering the VAT system as simple as possible for businesses and citizens. Member States should therefore continue to invest in technology-led tax collection, notably by automatically linking corporate cash registers and sales systems to VAT returns.

In addition, tax authorities should continue their efforts towards closer cooperation and exchange of best practices.

Tax authorities should work towards an effective communication and interoperability between all databases regarding fiscal matters at Union level. Blockchain technology could also be used in order to better protect personal data and improve the online exchange of information between tax authorities.

Documents
2019/12/03
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2019/11/13
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2019/10/21
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2019/10/15
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2019/07/18
   EP - PEREIRA Lídia (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2019/03/19
   DE_BUNDESTAG - Contribution
Documents
2019/01/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/12/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/12/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/12/12
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to solve the problem of VAT fraud in e-commerce by strengthening cooperation between tax authorities and payment service providers.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

BACKGROUND: this proposal is part of the package of legislation on the mandatory transmission and exchange of VAT-relevant payment information. It is part of the EU's broader agenda to tackle VAT fraud and improve VAT collection of internet sales .

E-commerce VAT fraud is a common problem for all Member States. Member States alone do not have the information necessary to ensure that the e-commerce VAT rules are correctly applied and to tackle e-commerce VAT fraud.

The exchange of payment data between tax authorities is not always possible due to legal limitations, which makes existing administrative cooperation tools relatively ineffective with regard to VAT fraud in e-commerce.

For payment providers, the adoption of a single centralised EU-wide system of collecting VAT-relevant payment data would reduce the risks and costs of reporting the same information in multiple formats, in every EU Member State.

In recent years, more than 90 % of online purchases by European customers were made through credit transfers, direct debits and card payments, i.e. through an intermediary involved in the transaction (a payment service provider), and this is a trend that will continue in the future.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment attached to the present proposal identified three main cases of crossborder e-commerce VAT fraud: (i) intra-EU supplies of goods and services, (ii) imports of goods from businesses established in a third country or third territory (i.e. a country or territory outside the EU) to consumers in the Member States, and (iii) supplies of services from businesses established in a third country to consumers in the Member States.

It is estimated that Member States suffer VAT losses on cross-border supplies of goods amounting to EUR 5 billion per year.

The impact assessment showed that a central repository (to be developed by the Commission) was the option that best addressed the objective of fighting e-commerce VAT fraud. The exchange of information through a central repository would also better reduce market distortion.

CONTENT: this proposal complements the current VAT regulatory framework as recently modified by the VAT E-commerce Directive in the context of the Commission’s Digital Single Market Strategy. Furthermore, this initiative strengthens the administrative cooperation framework to better tackle e-commerce VAT fraud and restore fair competition.

New record keeping requirements

Under the new provisions, Member States shall ensure that payment service providers keep sufficiently detailed records of the payees and of the payment transactions in relation to payment services they execute for each calendar quarter to enable the competent authorities of the Member States to carry out controls of the supplies of goods and services which are deemed to take place in a Member State.

The requirement shall apply in circumstances where both of the following conditions are met:

- where funds are transferred by a payment service provider from a payer located in one Member State to a payee located in another Member State, in a third territory or in a third country;

- in respect of the transfer of funds, where a payment service provider executes more than 25 payment transactions to the same payee in the course of a calendar quarter.

The records shall be kept in electronic format by the payment service provider for a period of two years from the end of the year during which the payment transaction was executed.

Information to be kept

The proposal specifies that payment service providers must keep records of any VAT or tax identification number of the payee, if applicable. In addition, they must keep information on the payment transaction itself, such as the amount, currency, date, origin of the payment and indication of any payment refund.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: it is expected that the investment costs of the Commission and of the tax authorities will be outweighed by the increase in VAT revenues collected.

The costs of this initiative will be spread among several years starting in 2019. The first part of these costs (until 2020) will be covered by existing allocations in the current Fiscalis 2020 programme. The majority of the costs will nevertheless take place after the year 2020.

The budgetary implications have been estimated to a one-off cost of EUR 11.8 million for setting-up the system , and an annual running cost of EUR 4.5 million once the system is fully operational. It was estimated that these running costs would only start in 2022 once the system is operational. Their impact on the budget was calculated over a five year period for a total (including the one-off cost) of EUR 34.3 million to set-up and run the system until 2027.

Documents

  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading: T9-0090/2019
  • Debate in Parliament: Debate in Parliament
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A9-0048/2019
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE643.160
  • Committee draft report: PE641.418
  • Contribution: COM(2018)0812
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0487
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2018)0488
  • Legislative proposal published: COM(2018)0812
  • Legislative proposal published: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2018)0487
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2018)0488
  • Committee draft report: PE641.418
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE643.160
  • Contribution: COM(2018)0812
AmendmentsDossier
37 2018/0412(CNS)
2019/11/14 ECON 37 amendments...
source: 643.160

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/4
date
2019-12-17T00:00:00
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2019-0090_EN.html title: T9-0090/2019
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/6/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 590 votes to 19, with 81 abstentions, under the consultation procedure, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2006/112/EC as regards the introduction of certain requirements for payment service providers.
  • The European Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to amendments.
  • Deepening transnational cooperation to combat VAT fraud
  • Parliament recalled that the existence of significant differences between Member States, with VAT gaps ranging from 0.6% to 35.5%, underlined the need to deepen transnational cooperation to better combat VAT fraud, in the context of e-commerce in particular, but also in a more general context (including carousel fraud). Indeed, according to the Commission, the difference between the expected VAT revenue and the amount actually collected, in the Union amounted to EUR 137 billion in 2017, representing EUR 267 of lost revenue per person in the Union.
  • New record keeping requirements
  • The proposed Directive requires payment service providers to retain, for each calendar quarter, sufficiently detailed records of beneficiaries and payment transactions corresponding to the payment services they provide, in order to assist Member States fight e-commerce VAT fraud.
  • Parliament proposed that this obligation shall apply when a payment service provider executes more than 25 payment transactions to the same payee in the course of a calendar quarter or executes a transfer of funds with a monetary value of at least EUR 2500 in a single payment transaction.
  • In addition, records shall be kept in electronic format by the payment service provider for a period of three years (instead of the proposed two years) from the end of the year during which the payment transaction was executed.
  • The payer's place of establishment shall be considered to be in the Member State that corresponds to the IBAN of the payer's payment account or any other identifier which unambiguously identifies the payer and the payer’s location.
  • The record keeping and reporting obligation should also arise in cases where a payment service provider receives funds or acquires payment transactions on behalf of the payee and not only where a payment service provider transfers funds or issues payments instruments for the payer.
  • Virtual currencies exchange platforms
  • By 31 December 2022, the Commission shall present a report on the need to include virtual currencies exchange platforms in the scope of the Directive. That report shall be accompanied, where appropriate, by a legislative proposal.
  • Strategy for fighting against VAT fraud
  • Parliament stated that this strategy should evolve in parallel with the increasing modernisation and digitalisation of the economy while rendering the VAT system as simple as possible for businesses and citizens. Member States should therefore continue to invest in technology-led tax collection, notably by automatically linking corporate cash registers and sales systems to VAT returns.
  • In addition, tax authorities should continue their efforts towards closer cooperation and exchange of best practices.
  • Tax authorities should work towards an effective communication and interoperability between all databases regarding fiscal matters at Union level. Blockchain technology could also be used in order to better protect personal data and improve the online exchange of information between tax authorities.
  • Prosecuting fraudsters
  • Parliament stressed the need to adopt an ambitious mandate for the European Public Prosecutor's Office in cooperation with national judicial authorities in order to ensure the efficient prosecution of fraudsters in national courts. Organised cross-border VAT fraud shall be duly prosecuted and fraudsters shall be punished.
  • Transposition and application
  • Members proposed that the transposition date shall be set at 31 December 2023 (instead of 2021) and that the provisions shall apply from 1 January 2024 (instead of 2022).
committees/0/shadows/4
name
PAPADIMOULIS Dimitrios
group
Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left
abbr
GUE/NGL
docs/2/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE641.418
docs/3/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE643.160
docs/4
date
2019-12-17T00:00:00
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2019-0090_EN.html title: T9-0090/2019
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/2
date
2019-10-21T00:00:00
type
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/3
date
2019-12-03T00:00:00
type
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/4
date
2019-12-09T00:00:00
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-9-2019-0048_EN.html title: A9-0048/2019
summary
events/5
date
2019-12-16T00:00:00
type
Debate in Parliament
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20191216&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
events/6
date
2019-12-17T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2019-0090_EN.html title: T9-0090/2019
procedure/Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 159
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting committee decision
New
Awaiting final decision
docs/3/date
Old
2019-11-12T00:00:00
New
2019-11-13T00:00:00
docs/3
date
2019-11-12T00:00:00
docs
title: PE643.160
type
Amendments tabled in committee
body
EP
committees/0/shadows/2
name
SCOTT CATO Molly
group
Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance
abbr
Verts/ALE
docs/2
date
2019-10-15T00:00:00
docs
title: PE641.418
type
Committee draft report
body
EP
committees/0/rapporteur
  • name: PEREIRA Lídia date: 2019-07-18T00:00:00 group: Group of European People's Party abbr: EPP
committees/0/shadows/2
name
JURZYCA Eugen
group
European Conservatives and Reformists Group
abbr
ECR
committees/0/shadows/0
name
MOLNÁR Csaba
group
Group of Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
abbr
S&D
committees/0/date
    committees/1/date
      committees/0/shadows
      • name: KOVAŘÍK Ondřej group: Renew Europe group abbr: Renew
      commission
      • body: EC dg: Taxation and Customs Union commissioner: MOSCOVICI Pierre
      committees
      • type: Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON date:
      • type: Former Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON date:
      docs
      • date: 2018-12-12T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2018:0487:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2018)0487 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
      • date: 2018-12-12T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2018:0488:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2018)0488 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
      • date: 2019-03-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2018)0812 title: COM(2018)0812 type: Contribution body: DE_BUNDESTAG
      events
      • date: 2018-12-12T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0812/COM_COM(2018)0812_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0812 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0812 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to solve the problem of VAT fraud in e-commerce by strengthening cooperation between tax authorities and payment service providers. PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion. BACKGROUND: this proposal is part of the package of legislation on the mandatory transmission and exchange of VAT-relevant payment information. It is part of the EU's broader agenda to tackle VAT fraud and improve VAT collection of internet sales . E-commerce VAT fraud is a common problem for all Member States. Member States alone do not have the information necessary to ensure that the e-commerce VAT rules are correctly applied and to tackle e-commerce VAT fraud. The exchange of payment data between tax authorities is not always possible due to legal limitations, which makes existing administrative cooperation tools relatively ineffective with regard to VAT fraud in e-commerce. For payment providers, the adoption of a single centralised EU-wide system of collecting VAT-relevant payment data would reduce the risks and costs of reporting the same information in multiple formats, in every EU Member State. In recent years, more than 90 % of online purchases by European customers were made through credit transfers, direct debits and card payments, i.e. through an intermediary involved in the transaction (a payment service provider), and this is a trend that will continue in the future. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment attached to the present proposal identified three main cases of crossborder e-commerce VAT fraud: (i) intra-EU supplies of goods and services, (ii) imports of goods from businesses established in a third country or third territory (i.e. a country or territory outside the EU) to consumers in the Member States, and (iii) supplies of services from businesses established in a third country to consumers in the Member States. It is estimated that Member States suffer VAT losses on cross-border supplies of goods amounting to EUR 5 billion per year. The impact assessment showed that a central repository (to be developed by the Commission) was the option that best addressed the objective of fighting e-commerce VAT fraud. The exchange of information through a central repository would also better reduce market distortion. CONTENT: this proposal complements the current VAT regulatory framework as recently modified by the VAT E-commerce Directive in the context of the Commission’s Digital Single Market Strategy. Furthermore, this initiative strengthens the administrative cooperation framework to better tackle e-commerce VAT fraud and restore fair competition. New record keeping requirements Under the new provisions, Member States shall ensure that payment service providers keep sufficiently detailed records of the payees and of the payment transactions in relation to payment services they execute for each calendar quarter to enable the competent authorities of the Member States to carry out controls of the supplies of goods and services which are deemed to take place in a Member State. The requirement shall apply in circumstances where both of the following conditions are met: - where funds are transferred by a payment service provider from a payer located in one Member State to a payee located in another Member State, in a third territory or in a third country; - in respect of the transfer of funds, where a payment service provider executes more than 25 payment transactions to the same payee in the course of a calendar quarter. The records shall be kept in electronic format by the payment service provider for a period of two years from the end of the year during which the payment transaction was executed. Information to be kept The proposal specifies that payment service providers must keep records of any VAT or tax identification number of the payee, if applicable. In addition, they must keep information on the payment transaction itself, such as the amount, currency, date, origin of the payment and indication of any payment refund. BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: it is expected that the investment costs of the Commission and of the tax authorities will be outweighed by the increase in VAT revenues collected. The costs of this initiative will be spread among several years starting in 2019. The first part of these costs (until 2020) will be covered by existing allocations in the current Fiscalis 2020 programme. The majority of the costs will nevertheless take place after the year 2020. The budgetary implications have been estimated to a one-off cost of EUR 11.8 million for setting-up the system , and an annual running cost of EUR 4.5 million once the system is fully operational. It was estimated that these running costs would only start in 2022 once the system is operational. Their impact on the budget was calculated over a five year period for a total (including the one-off cost) of EUR 34.3 million to set-up and run the system until 2027.
      • date: 2019-01-14T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
      procedure
      reference
      2018/0412(CNS)
      title
      Value added tax (VAT): requirements for payment service providers
      subject
      type
      CNS - Consultation procedure
      subtype
      Legislation
      instrument
      legal_basis
      Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 113
      stage_reached
      Awaiting committee decision
      dossier_of_the_committee
      ECON/9/00407