BETA


2018/2077(INI) Care services in the EU for improved gender equality

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead FEMM PIETIKÄINEN Sirpa (icon: PPE PPE) ZOANĂ Maria Gabriela (icon: S&D S&D), ŽITŇANSKÁ Jana (icon: ECR ECR), BECERRA BASTERRECHEA Beatriz (icon: ALDE ALDE), KUNEVA Kostadinka (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), REINTKE Terry (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion EMPL
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2018/11/15
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/11/15
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/11/15
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 385 votes to 68 with 113 abstentions a resolution on healthcare services in the European Union for improved gender equality.

Work/life balance - context: Members recalled that the overall employment rate for women was almost 12% lower than for men and that 31.5% of women working do so part-time, compared to 8.2% of men working. These data indicate one of the main causes of this situation is that women disproportionately assumed family responsibilities.

The growing demand for care and the pressure on public spending in some countries has rendered informal care even more important in the future. Care services should be defined as including childcare and early childhood care, as well as care for the elderly and people with disabilities.

Data indicate that 80% of care in the European Union is provided by unpaid informal carers, 75% of whom are women.

Members expressed their concern at the unfavourable developments in parental leave and parental rights, as evidenced, for example, by the withdrawal of the draft directive on the extension of maternity leave. They called on the Commission to close the gaps in EU legislation. They welcomed the Commission's proposal for a Directive on work-life balance for parents and carers and underlined in this respect the importance of individual rights to leave and working time arrangements to help workers organise their private and professional lives.

Member States are invited to:

encourage fathers to make the best use of paternity leave and thus encourage them to assume their responsibilities towards their children and families and to contribute to genuine equality between men and women; ensure equal access to and treatment of care services for the elderly, children and people with disabilities or chronic diseases who need long-term care, with particular attention to people from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Quality, affordability and accessibility of care: Members believe that care services must be designed to provide real choice for all users, their family members and caregivers, whether they work full time or part time or are self-employed or unemployed.

The resolution suggested encouraging home-based long-term care, addressing the lack of services and the prohibitive cost of early childhood care, as well as strengthening national programmes to improve the quality of life for older women, especially those suffering from diseases such as Alzheimer's.

The Commission is called upon to develop guidelines for Member States on the development of comprehensive care services that are accessible, employment-friendly, person-centred and community-based, which include childcare services and services for the care of the elderly and people with disabilities, and which are based on the participation and consultation of the users to whom these services are addressed. The Commission should serve as a platform and promote the exchange of experience and good practice on the quality, accessibility and affordability of care services.

Concerned about working conditions in many healthcare institutions, Members called on Member States to upgrade personal services as a career and asked the Commission to define a legal framework establishing minimum standards for workers in this sector, in collaboration with the social partners.

Member States are, among other things, invited to:

launch an initiative on the quality of long-term care taking inspiration from the available civil society-led voluntary tools and initiatives; ensure and monitor that institutions and other places that provide care are safe and motivating settings in which to work; introduce "care credits" through labour and social security legislation to protect people who stop working to provide informal, unpaid care to care to a dependent or family member; ensure that informal caregivers are fully recognised as equal actors in care service provision.

The Commission is invited to present to the Council for approval a European Carers’ Programme .

Care and funding objectives: Members called for the development and monitoring of quality of care indicators at European level and for the inclusion of care for the elderly and people with disabilities or chronic diseases in its monitoring and data review within the framework of the European Semester.

Parliament encouraged Member States to give priority to funding childcare and long-term care services using the financial instruments available in the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), in particular EFSI and the European Structural Funds, so that the level and quality of the services targeted can be achieved in all EU Member States. Member States should report on the use of these funds using sufficiently disaggregated data so that the information can be analysed at European level.

Documents
2018/11/15
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/10/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality adopted an own-initiative report by Sirpa PIETIKÄINEN (EPP, FI) on care services in the European Union for improved gender equality.

Work/life balance - context: the limited possibilities to cost-effectively, efficiently and flexibly combine paid work with family responsibilities are some of the main reasons for labour market inactivity for women. The average employment rate for women in the EU is 64% (compared to 76% for men). Women are also over-represented in part-time jobs.

The increasing demand for care, the widespread nature of informal care in Europe and the pressure on public spending in some countries renders informal care even more important in the future. Care services should be defined as including childcare and early childhood care, as well as care for the elderly and for people with disabilities.

Data indicate that 80% of care in the European Union is provided by unpaid informal carers, 75% of whom are women . A quarter of women still fall into the category of unpaid family workers, as their work does not result in the payment of a salary. Women are over-represented in sectors that are generally characterised by low wages, long hours and often informal working arrangements, resulting in lower earnings for women than for typical male workers.

Members expressed their concern at the unfavourable developments in parental leave and parental rights, as evidenced, for example, by the withdrawal of the draft directive on the extension of maternity leave. They called on the Commission to close the gaps in EU legislation. They welcomed the Commission's proposal for a Directive on work-life balance for parents and carers and underlined in this respect the importance of individual rights to leave and working time arrangements to help workers organise their private and professional lives.

The Member States are invited to:

encourage fathers to make the best use of paternity leave and thus encourage them to assume their responsibilities towards their children and families and to contribute to genuine equality between men and women; ensure equal access to and treatment of care services for the elderly, children and people with disabilities or chronic diseases who need long-term care, with particular attention to people from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Quality, affordability and accessibility of care: Members believe that care services must be designed to provide real choice for all users, their family members and caregivers, whether they work full time or part time or are self-employed or unemployed.

The Commission is called upon to develop guidelines for Member States on the development of comprehensive care services that are accessible, employment-friendly, person-centred and community-based, which include childcare services and services for the care of the elderly and people with disabilities, and which are based on the participation and consultation of the users to whom these services are addressed. The Commission should serve as a platform and promote the exchange of experience and good practice on the quality, accessibility and affordability of care services.

Concerned about working conditions in many healthcare institutions, Members called on Member States to upgrade personal services as a career and ask the Commission to define a legal framework establishing minimum standards for workers in this sector, in collaboration with the social partners.

Member States are, among other things, invited to:

launch an initiative on the quality of long-term care taking inspiration from the available civil society-led voluntary tools and initiatives; ensure and monitor that institutions and other places that provide care are safe and motivating settings in which to work; introduce "care credits" through labour and social security legislation to protect people who stop working to provide informal, unpaid care to care to a dependent or family member; ensure that informal caregivers are fully recognised as equal actors in care service provision.

The Commission is invited to present to the Council for approval a European Carers’ Programme .

Care and funding objectives: Members called for the development and monitoring of quality of care indicators at European level and for the inclusion of care for the elderly and people with disabilities or chronic diseases in its monitoring and data review within the framework of the European Semester.

The report encouraged Member States to give priority to funding childcare and long-term care services using the financial instruments available in the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), in particular EFSI and the European Structural Funds, so that the level and quality of the services targeted can be achieved in all EU Member States. Member States should report on the use of these funds using sufficiently disaggregated data so that the information can be analysed at European level.

Documents
2018/10/10
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/07/13
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/07/02
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/06/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2017/12/11
   EP - PIETIKÄINEN Sirpa (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0352/2018 - Sirpa Pietikäinen - § 5 15/11/2018 12:21:37.000

2018/11/15 Outcome: +: 373, -: 204, 0: 33
FR IT ES EL AT DE IE PT BE LT FI SE LU CY EE RO LV DK ?? MT BG HR SI NL CZ PL HU SK GB
Total
63
54
43
13
16
84
8
19
18
8
10
18
5
5
4
26
4
11
1
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13
10
7
23
18
37
16
12
57
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3
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A8-0352/2018 - Sirpa Pietikäinen - § 17/2 15/11/2018 12:22:34.000

2018/11/15 Outcome: +: 402, -: 166, 0: 28
ES IT DE GB NL PT SE BE FI IE PL LT RO DK LU MT EE BG LV HR CY EL CZ SI SK AT FR HU
Total
43
54
82
56
23
19
18
17
11
8
37
8
26
12
5
5
4
12
4
10
4
10
18
7
12
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60
13
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4

A8-0352/2018 - Sirpa Pietikäinen - § 34/2 15/11/2018 12:23:32.000

2018/11/15 Outcome: +: 418, -: 171, 0: 10
ES IT FR DE GB NL PT SE DK BE IE FI LT RO EE CY LU HR PL BG LV EL MT CZ SI SK AT HU
Total
44
53
63
82
55
23
19
18
12
17
8
11
8
26
4
4
5
10
37
12
4
9
5
18
7
12
16
15
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35

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4

A8-0352/2018 - Sirpa Pietikäinen - Considérant G/2 15/11/2018 12:25:22.000

2018/11/15 Outcome: +: 452, -: 105, 0: 30
IT ES GB DE FR PL PT SE NL FI RO BG BE CZ IE AT LT HR DK LU MT SK LV EE EL SI CY HU
Total
52
44
54
78
62
37
19
18
23
11
26
13
17
18
8
16
8
10
12
5
5
12
4
3
7
7
2
14
icon: S&D S&D
151

Netherlands S&D

2

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3

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3

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58

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2

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1

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3

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2

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1

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3
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4
icon: EFDD EFDD
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1
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15

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3

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27

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1

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1

A8-0352/2018 - Sirpa Pietikäinen - Considérant AE/2 15/11/2018 12:26:21.000

2018/11/15 Outcome: +: 486, -: 78, 0: 17
DE ES IT RO FR PL PT GB SE NL CZ BG FI HR BE IE SK AT LT SI LU MT EE LV DK EL CY HU
Total
79
42
52
26
61
37
19
54
18
23
18
12
11
10
17
8
12
16
8
7
5
5
4
4
10
7
2
12
icon: S&D S&D
148

Netherlands S&D

2

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3

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2

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2

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1
3

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1

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1

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1
icon: PPE PPE
160

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1

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2
3

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1

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2

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1

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
58

Germany ALDE

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3

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
35

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Greece GUE/NGL

2
icon: ECR ECR
54

Romania ECR

2

Sweden ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

3

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1
icon: NI NI
15

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

France NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

United Kingdom NI

3

Denmark NI

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
26

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

A8-0352/2018 - Sirpa Pietikäinen - Résolution 15/11/2018 12:26:34.000

2018/11/15 Outcome: +: 385, 0: 113, -: 68
FR ES IT DE RO PT PL BE AT FI BG HR CZ LT IE SK LU MT GB LV NL EE SI HU DK CY SE EL
Total
59
40
51
75
25
18
37
17
15
11
13
10
18
8
8
12
5
5
52
4
23
3
7
12
10
2
18
6
icon: S&D S&D
145

Bulgaria S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Hungary S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1

Sweden S&D

For (1)

4

Greece S&D

1
icon: PPE PPE
157

Austria PPE

3

Finland PPE

2

Lithuania PPE

1
3

Luxembourg PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

1

Slovenia PPE

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
53

Germany ALDE

For (1)

1

Romania ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Czechia ALDE

4

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
35

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (2)

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
15

France NI

2

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

3

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Denmark NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
53

Romania ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Finland ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

3

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Cyprus ECR

1

Sweden ECR

2
icon: ENF ENF
26

Italy ENF

Against (5)