BETA


Events

2019/05/28
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/01/15
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/01/15
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 585 votes to 85, with 26 abstentions, a resolution on autonomous driving in European transport.

General principles

Parliament welcomed the Commission's communication "On the road to automated mobility" but stressed that European actors must join forces to take on a role as world leaders in autonomous transport.

While several countries around the world (including the United States, Australia, Japan, Korea and China) are in the process of marketing connected mobility, Europe should react much more proactively to the rapid evolution of this sector, encourage initiatives and promote strict safety requirements for users.

Members called for the development of a new legislative framework to regulate autonomous mobility. They invited the Commission to:

- present a strategy, in particular on data, data access and cybersecurity, in accordance with its resolution of 13 March 2018 , to ensure a technology-neutral, market-ready approach;

- ensure that obstacles to the use of such data are dismantled and a robust regulatory system in this respect is put in place before 1 January 2020.

Members also proposed clarifying the current regulatory framework, in particular as regards liability in the event of an accident caused by a completely autonomous vehicle, insurance, and the registration and protection of personal data.

Road transport

Parliament underlined the importance of adopting an ambitious new General Safety Regulation for motor vehicles. It called for clear legislation, that is regularly reviewed, updated where necessary, and harmonised, obligating the installation of event data recorders in line with the revised General Safety Regulation in order to improve accident investigations and to clarify and enable the tackling, as soon as possible, of issues of liability. It underlined the need to incorporate safeguard systems right from the transition phase, during which automated vehicles will coexist with vehicles with zero connectivity and zero automation.

The Commission is called on to:

- reach a common position, with the Member States, and to cooperate in order for the EU to take and maintain a leading role in the international technical harmonisation of automated vehicles within the framework of the UNECE and the Vienna Convention;

- ensure that all systems that include digitally communicated road traffic information are interoperable;

- pay particular attention to data protection, vehicle and route data use, and cyber security;

- lay down clear ethical guidelines for artificial intelligence.

Air transport

Members urged the Commission to present without delay detailed rules for automated aircraft given that a single unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and operational approach is not appropriate to ensure the safe integration of automated aircraft into airspace shared with manned aircraft. UAVs will need safe, and where appropriate, certified intelligence systems, as well as a specific air space management environment.

Suitable test areas for autonomous aircraft technologies, including drones, should be created in order to provide safe conditions for simulating new technological solutions before their final implementation.

Waterborne transport

The resolution called on the Commission to:

- define the levels of automation for both inland and sea navigation and common standards, including for ports, in order to harmonise and stimulate the uptake of autonomous vessels in interaction with automated and non-automated users and infrastructure;

- develop a comprehensive strategy with the aim of stimulating further automation in inland shipping, its infrastructure, fairways and traffic management and the development of automated ports.

Rail transport

The Commission is called on to continue the Shift2Rail programme with a view to providing for further developments towards a digital rail network and fully automated train operation, including the development of cybersecurity.

Research and educational needs

Members stressed the need to develop key autonomous technologies in the EU to keep up with global competition and create new jobs.

The Commission is urged to:

- propose initiatives promoting the skills, education and training needed to keep the EU at the forefront of the autonomous transport sector. They recommended that research and innovation programmes be continued and extended for all modes of transport in the next multiannual financial period for 2021-2027 (Horizon Europe);

- establish a Joint Undertaking along the same lines as Shift2Rail for rail transport and CleanSky for the aeronautics industry, so as to create an industry-driven strategic initiative on autonomous transport.

Documents
2019/01/15
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/01/14
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/12/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted the own-initiative report by Wim van de CAMP (EPP, NL) on autonomous driving in European transport.

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, exercising its prerogative as an associated committee in accordance with Article 54 of the Rules of Procedure, also gave its opinion on the report.

The EU strategy on connected and automated mobility is closely linked to the Commission’s political priorities. The report stressed that the EU should encourage and further develop digital technologies for automated mobility to offset human error and reduce traffic incidents and road fatalities.

Automation levels exist, levels 1 and 2 already being on the market, but the conditional, high and full automation levels (when a vehicle becomes self-driving - level 3) are expected to become available only in 2020-2030.

It is key for Europe to stay at the forefront of this field, in order to reap the benefits of automated road transport and to successfully compete with the enormous thrust of efforts elsewhere in the US, China or Japan.

Road transport

Members underlined the importance of adopting an ambitious new General Safety Regulation for motor vehicles. They called for clear legislation that is regularly reviewed, updated and harmonised, obligating the installation of event data recorders in line with the revised General Safety Regulation in order to improve accident investigations and to clarify and enable the tackling, as soon as possible, of issues of liability.

Members called on the Commission to:

- reach a common position, with the Member States, and to cooperate in order for the EU to take and maintain a leading role in the international technical harmonisation of automated vehicles within the framework of the UNECE and the Vienna Convention;

- ensure that all systems that include digitally communicated road traffic information are interoperable;

- pay particular attention to data protection, vehicle and route data use, and cyber security;

- lay down clear ethical guidelines for artificial intelligence.

Air transport

Members urged the Commission to present without delay detailed rules for automated aircraft given that a single unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and operational approach is not appropriate to ensure the safe integration of automated aircraft into airspace shared with manned aircraft. UAVs will need safe, and where appropriate, certified intelligence systems, as well as a specific air space management environment.

Suitable test areas for autonomous aircraft technologies, including drones, should be created in order to provide safe conditions for simulating new technological solutions before their final implementation.

Waterborne transport

The report called on the Commission to:

- define the levels of automation for both inland and sea navigation and common standards, including for ports, in order to harmonise and stimulate the uptake of autonomous vessels in interaction with automated and non-automated users and infrastructure;

- develop a comprehensive strategy with the aim of stimulating further automation in inland shipping, its infrastructure, fairways and traffic management and the development of automated ports.

Rail transport

The Commission is called on to c ontinue the Shift2Rail programme with a view to providing for further developments towards a digital rail network and fully automated train operation, including the development of cybersecurity.

Research and educational needs

Members stressed the need to develop key autonomous technologies in the EU to keep up with global competition and create new jobs.

Members urged the Commission to:

- propose initiatives promoting the skills, education and training needed to keep the EU at the forefront of the autonomous transport sector. They recommended that research and innovation programmes be continued and extended for all modes of transport in the next multiannual financial period for 2021-2027 (Horizon Europe);

- establish a Joint Undertaking along the same lines as Shift2Rail for rail transport and CleanSky for the aeronautics industry, so as to create an industry-driven strategic initiative on autonomous transport.

Documents
2018/11/22
   EP - Vote in committee
2018/11/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/16
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/15
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/09/13
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/07/20
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/06/27
   EP - HENKEL Hans-Olaf (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2018/06/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2018/06/14
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2018/05/15
   EP - RADEV Emil (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2018/04/23
   EP - KOHN Arndt (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2018/03/28
   EP - VAN DE CAMP Wim (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN

Documents

  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2019)355
  • Results of vote in Parliament: Results of vote in Parliament
  • Decision by Parliament: T8-0005/2019
  • Committee report tabled for plenary: A8-0425/2018
  • Committee opinion: PE623.925
  • Committee opinion: PE623.863
  • Committee opinion: PE625.299
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE627.821
  • Committee draft report: PE623.787
  • Committee draft report: PE623.787
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE627.821
  • Committee opinion: PE625.299
  • Committee opinion: PE623.863
  • Committee opinion: PE623.925
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2019)355

Votes

A8-0425/2018 - Wim van de Camp - Vote unique #

2019/01/15 Outcome: +: 585, -: 85, 0: 26
DE IT ES PL FR RO BE CZ SE AT HU NL BG PT FI DK SK HR LT SI LV EL LU MT EE CY IE ?? GB
Total
92
66
50
48
68
26
21
20
20
17
17
26
15
20
13
12
13
9
9
8
7
19
6
6
5
6
9
1
66
icon: PPE PPE
205

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

United Kingdom PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
176

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

France Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

6

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
71

Italy ECR

Against (1)

3

Romania ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2
2

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Italy GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Against (1)

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

4

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
19

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

France NI

For (1)

3

Romania NI

1

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

3
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
340 2018/2089(INI)
2018/09/06 IMCO 76 amendments...
source: 627.595
2018/09/13 TRAN 184 amendments...
source: 627.821
2018/09/26 ITRE 80 amendments...
source: 628.355

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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docs
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  • date: 2018-09-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE627.821 title: PE627.821 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
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  • date: 2018-11-21T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE623.925&secondRef=03 title: PE623.925 committee: ITRE type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2019-05-28T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=31899&j=0&l=en title: SP(2019)355 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
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  • date: 2018-11-22T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-05T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2018-0425&language=EN title: A8-0425/2018 summary: The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted the own-initiative report by Wim van de CAMP (EPP, NL) on autonomous driving in European transport. The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, exercising its prerogative as an associated committee in accordance with Article 54 of the Rules of Procedure, also gave its opinion on the report. The EU strategy on connected and automated mobility is closely linked to the Commission’s political priorities. The report stressed that the EU should encourage and further develop digital technologies for automated mobility to offset human error and reduce traffic incidents and road fatalities. Automation levels exist, levels 1 and 2 already being on the market, but the conditional, high and full automation levels (when a vehicle becomes self-driving - level 3) are expected to become available only in 2020-2030. It is key for Europe to stay at the forefront of this field, in order to reap the benefits of automated road transport and to successfully compete with the enormous thrust of efforts elsewhere in the US, China or Japan. Road transport Members underlined the importance of adopting an ambitious new General Safety Regulation for motor vehicles. They called for clear legislation that is regularly reviewed, updated and harmonised, obligating the installation of event data recorders in line with the revised General Safety Regulation in order to improve accident investigations and to clarify and enable the tackling, as soon as possible, of issues of liability. Members called on the Commission to: - reach a common position, with the Member States, and to cooperate in order for the EU to take and maintain a leading role in the international technical harmonisation of automated vehicles within the framework of the UNECE and the Vienna Convention; - ensure that all systems that include digitally communicated road traffic information are interoperable; - pay particular attention to data protection, vehicle and route data use, and cyber security; - lay down clear ethical guidelines for artificial intelligence. Air transport Members urged the Commission to present without delay detailed rules for automated aircraft given that a single unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and operational approach is not appropriate to ensure the safe integration of automated aircraft into airspace shared with manned aircraft. UAVs will need safe, and where appropriate, certified intelligence systems, as well as a specific air space management environment. Suitable test areas for autonomous aircraft technologies, including drones, should be created in order to provide safe conditions for simulating new technological solutions before their final implementation. Waterborne transport The report called on the Commission to: - define the levels of automation for both inland and sea navigation and common standards, including for ports, in order to harmonise and stimulate the uptake of autonomous vessels in interaction with automated and non-automated users and infrastructure; - develop a comprehensive strategy with the aim of stimulating further automation in inland shipping, its infrastructure, fairways and traffic management and the development of automated ports. Rail transport The Commission is called on to c ontinue the Shift2Rail programme with a view to providing for further developments towards a digital rail network and fully automated train operation, including the development of cybersecurity. Research and educational needs Members stressed the need to develop key autonomous technologies in the EU to keep up with global competition and create new jobs. Members urged the Commission to: - propose initiatives promoting the skills, education and training needed to keep the EU at the forefront of the autonomous transport sector. They recommended that research and innovation programmes be continued and extended for all modes of transport in the next multiannual financial period for 2021-2027 (Horizon Europe); - establish a Joint Undertaking along the same lines as Shift2Rail for rail transport and CleanSky for the aeronautics industry, so as to create an industry-driven strategic initiative on autonomous transport.
  • date: 2019-01-14T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190114&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2019-01-15T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=31899&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2019-01-15T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0005 title: T8-0005/2019 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 585 votes to 85, with 26 abstentions, a resolution on autonomous driving in European transport. General principles Parliament welcomed the Commission's communication "On the road to automated mobility" but stressed that European actors must join forces to take on a role as world leaders in autonomous transport. While several countries around the world (including the United States, Australia, Japan, Korea and China) are in the process of marketing connected mobility, Europe should react much more proactively to the rapid evolution of this sector, encourage initiatives and promote strict safety requirements for users. Members called for the development of a new legislative framework to regulate autonomous mobility. They invited the Commission to: - present a strategy, in particular on data, data access and cybersecurity, in accordance with its resolution of 13 March 2018 , to ensure a technology-neutral, market-ready approach; - ensure that obstacles to the use of such data are dismantled and a robust regulatory system in this respect is put in place before 1 January 2020. Members also proposed clarifying the current regulatory framework, in particular as regards liability in the event of an accident caused by a completely autonomous vehicle, insurance, and the registration and protection of personal data. Road transport Parliament underlined the importance of adopting an ambitious new General Safety Regulation for motor vehicles. It called for clear legislation, that is regularly reviewed, updated where necessary, and harmonised, obligating the installation of event data recorders in line with the revised General Safety Regulation in order to improve accident investigations and to clarify and enable the tackling, as soon as possible, of issues of liability. It underlined the need to incorporate safeguard systems right from the transition phase, during which automated vehicles will coexist with vehicles with zero connectivity and zero automation. The Commission is called on to: - reach a common position, with the Member States, and to cooperate in order for the EU to take and maintain a leading role in the international technical harmonisation of automated vehicles within the framework of the UNECE and the Vienna Convention; - ensure that all systems that include digitally communicated road traffic information are interoperable; - pay particular attention to data protection, vehicle and route data use, and cyber security; - lay down clear ethical guidelines for artificial intelligence. Air transport Members urged the Commission to present without delay detailed rules for automated aircraft given that a single unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), and operational approach is not appropriate to ensure the safe integration of automated aircraft into airspace shared with manned aircraft. UAVs will need safe, and where appropriate, certified intelligence systems, as well as a specific air space management environment. Suitable test areas for autonomous aircraft technologies, including drones, should be created in order to provide safe conditions for simulating new technological solutions before their final implementation. Waterborne transport The resolution called on the Commission to: - define the levels of automation for both inland and sea navigation and common standards, including for ports, in order to harmonise and stimulate the uptake of autonomous vessels in interaction with automated and non-automated users and infrastructure; - develop a comprehensive strategy with the aim of stimulating further automation in inland shipping, its infrastructure, fairways and traffic management and the development of automated ports. Rail transport The Commission is called on to continue the Shift2Rail programme with a view to providing for further developments towards a digital rail network and fully automated train operation, including the development of cybersecurity. Research and educational needs Members stressed the need to develop key autonomous technologies in the EU to keep up with global competition and create new jobs. The Commission is urged to: - propose initiatives promoting the skills, education and training needed to keep the EU at the forefront of the autonomous transport sector. They recommended that research and innovation programmes be continued and extended for all modes of transport in the next multiannual financial period for 2021-2027 (Horizon Europe); - establish a Joint Undertaking along the same lines as Shift2Rail for rail transport and CleanSky for the aeronautics industry, so as to create an industry-driven strategic initiative on autonomous transport.
  • date: 2019-01-15T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/mobility-and-transport_en title: Mobility and Transport commissioner: BULC Violeta
procedure/Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 159
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
TRAN/8/13335
New
  • TRAN/8/13335
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 54
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 52
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting committee decision
New
Procedure completed
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.20.05 Road transport: passengers and freight
  • 3.30.06 Information and communication technologies, digital technologies
  • 3.40.06 Electronics, electrotechnical industries, ICT, robotics
New
3.20.05
Road transport: passengers and freight
3.30.06
Information and communication technologies, digital technologies
3.40.06
Electronics, electrotechnical industries, ICT, robotics
activities/0/committees/2/date
2018-06-27T00:00:00
activities/0/committees/2/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: HENKEL Hans-Olaf
activities/0/committees/4/shadows/2
group
GUE/NGL
name
KYLLÖNEN Merja
committees/2/date
2018-06-27T00:00:00
committees/2/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: HENKEL Hans-Olaf
committees/4/shadows/2
group
GUE/NGL
name
KYLLÖNEN Merja
procedure/legal_basis/0
Old
Rules of Procedure EP 052
New
Rules of Procedure EP 52
other/0
body
EC
dg
commissioner
BULC Violeta
activities
  • date: 2018-06-14T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL body: EP responsible: False committee: IMCO date: 2018-04-23T00:00:00 committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: S&D name: KOHN Arndt body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP responsible: False committee: JURI date: 2018-05-15T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: EPP name: RADEV Emil body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: UJHELYI István group: ECR name: ZŁOTOWSKI Kosma group: Verts/ALE name: DELLI Karima responsible: True committee: TRAN date: 2018-03-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Transport and Tourism (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: EPP name: VAN DE CAMP Wim
  • date: 2018-11-22T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote scheduled in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2019-01-14T00:00:00 body: EP type: Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: IMCO date: 2018-04-23T00:00:00 committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: S&D name: KOHN Arndt
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: JURI date: 2018-05-15T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: EPP name: RADEV Emil
  • body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: UJHELYI István group: ECR name: ZŁOTOWSKI Kosma group: Verts/ALE name: DELLI Karima responsible: True committee: TRAN date: 2018-03-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Transport and Tourism (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: EPP name: VAN DE CAMP Wim
links
other
    procedure
    dossier_of_the_committee
    TRAN/8/13335
    reference
    2018/2089(INI)
    title
    Autonomous driving in European transport
    legal_basis
    Rules of Procedure EP 052
    stage_reached
    Awaiting committee decision
    subtype
    Initiative
    type
    INI - Own-initiative procedure
    subject