BETA


2018/2121(INI) Financial crimes, tax evasion and tax avoidance

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead TAX3 NIEDERMAYER Luděk (icon: PPE PPE), KOFOD Jeppe (icon: S&D S&D) ZĪLE Roberts (icon: ECR ECR), KLINZ Wolf (icon: ALDE ALDE), URBÁN CRESPO Miguel (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), SCOTT CATO Molly (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), VALLI Marco (icon: EFDD EFDD), BORGHEZIO Mario (icon: ENF ENF)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 207

Events

2019/08/27
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/03/26
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/03/26
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 505 votes to 63, with 87 abstentions, a resolution on financial crimes, tax evasion and tax avoidance.

The recommendations were drawn up by the Special Commission on Financial Crime, Tax Evasion and Tax Fraud (TAX3) set up on 1 March 2018 following revelations by investigative journalists, such as LuxLeaks, Panama papers, Paradise papers and more recently Cum-Ex Files, as well as money laundering cases involving banks in Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Urgent need for reform

Parliament stressed that there is an urgent and continuous need for reform of the rules, so that international, EU and national tax systems are fit for the new economic, social and technological challenges of the 21st century. Current tax systems and accounting methods are not equipped to keep up with these developments and ensure that all market participants pay their fair share of taxes.

Members welcomed the fact that during its current term the Commission has put forward 26 legislative proposals aimed at closing some of the loopholes, improving the fight against financial crimes and aggressive tax planning, and enhancing tax collection efficiency and tax fairness. They regretted, however, the lack of progress in the Council on major initiatives in relation to corporate tax reform that have not yet been finalised due to the lack of genuine political will.

They called for the swift adoption of the EU initiatives that have not yet been finalised and for careful monitoring of the implementation to ensure efficiency and proper enforcement, in order to keep pace with the versatility of tax fraud, tax evasion and aggressive tax planning.

Members called on the EU to adopt a broad strategy whereby the EU supports, with relevant policies, Member States in moving from their current detrimental tax systems to a tax system compatible with the EU’s legal framework and the spirit of the EU Treaties.

Cash transactions

Parliament stressed that cash transactions remain a very high risk in terms of money laundering and tax evasion, including VAT fraud. While rules on cash controls at the EU external borders have been harmonised, rules among Member States concerning cash movements within the EU’s borders vary. Fragmentation and the divergent nature of these measures have the potential to disrupt the proper functioning of the internal market. The Commission is called on to prepare a proposal on European restrictions on payments in cash, while maintaining cash as a means of payment. Noting that high-denomination euro notes present a higher risk in terms of money laundering, Members called on the European Central Bank (ECB) to draw up a timetable to phase out the ability to use EUR 500 notes.

Anti-Money Laundering (AML)

Parliament noted with concern that the proceeds from criminal activity in the EU are estimated to amount to EUR 110 billion per year, corresponding to 1 % of the Union’s total GDP. According to Commission estimates, in some Member States up to 70 % of money laundering cases have a cross-border dimension.

Members were outraged that systemic failures in the application of anti-money laundering requirements, combined with ineffective supervision, have recently led to several high-profile money laundering cases in European banks.

Parliament recalled that customer knowledge and customer due diligence obligations are essential, that they remain in force throughout the business relationship and that transactions carried out by customers must be constantly reviewed to detect any suspicious or unusual activities. It asked the Commission to use all available instruments to assist Member States in transposing and enforcing the Fifth Anti-Money Laundering Directive. It called for better cooperation between anti-money laundering and prudential supervision authorities in the European Union.

Dividend stripping and coupon washing

Members noted that cum-ex transactions have been a known global problem since the 1990s, including in Europe, yet no coordinated counteraction has been taken. They deplored the tax fraud revealed by the so-called cum-ex files scandal which has led to publicly reported losses of Member States’ tax revenue, amounting to as much as EUR 55.2 billion according to some media estimates. The complexity of tax systems can give rise to legal loopholes facilitating tax fraud schemes such as cum-ex.

The resolution stressed that the cum-ex fraud system clearly demonstrated the need to focus on multilateral and non-bilateral tax treaties in the future, which could complicate the already complex web of international rules, create new loopholes and contribute to a lack of transparency.

European financial police force

Members called on the Commission to start working immediately on a proposal for a European financial police force within the framework of Europol with its own investigatory capabilities, as well as on a European framework for cross-border tax investigations and other cross-border financial crimes.

VAT

The resolution stressed the need for harmonisation of VAT rules at EU level to the extent that it is necessary to ensure the establishment and the functioning of the internal market and to avoid distortion of competition. It is estimated that around EUR 50 billion – or EUR 100 per EU citizen each year – is lost to cross-border VAT fraud. The Commission and the Member States are urged to reinforce their cooperation to better fight against VAT fraud. The next Commission is called on to prioritise the introduction and implementation of the definitive VAT regime in order to improve it.

Better cooperation between the administrative, judicial and law-enforcement authorities within the EU is needed.

Phasing out of golden visas and passports

Members expressed concern that a majority of Member States have adopted citizenship by investment (CBI) or residency by investment (RBI) schemes, generally known as ‘golden visa and passports’ or investor programmes, by which citizenship or residence is granted to EU and non-EU citizens in exchange for financial investment.

At least 5 000 non-EU citizens have obtained EU citizenship through citizenship by investment schemes. Members deplored the fact that the opaqueness surrounding the origin of the money connected to CBI and RBI schemes has significantly increased the political, economic and security risks for European countries.

These schemes should be phased out according to Members.

Tax havens

Members recalled the importance of a common EU list of non-cooperative jurisdictions for tax purposes (‘the EU list’) based on comprehensive, transparent, robust, objectively verifiable and commonly accepted criteria that are regularly updated. They also stated that the Commission has criticised seven Member States – Belgium, Cyprus, Hungary, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta and the Netherlands – for shortcomings in their tax systems that facilitate aggressive tax planning, arguing that they undermine the integrity of the European single market. Members took the view that these jurisdictions can also be regarded as facilitating aggressive tax planning globally. A review of the EU list is expected in the first quarter of 2019.

Countermeasures

Parliament renewed their call for the EU and its Member States to undertake effective and dissuasive countermeasures against non-cooperative jurisdictions with a view to incentivising good cooperation on tax matters. It deplored the fact that most countermeasures proposed by the Council are left to national discretion.

Member States should adopt a single set of strong countermeasures, such as withholding taxes, exclusion from calls for public procurement tenders, increased auditing requirements, etc.

These countermeasures should also be envisaged against the US if it does not ensure Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act’s (FATCA) reciprocity.

Lastly, Parliament stressed the need to protect the confidentiality of the sources of investigative journalism, including whistle-blowers, if the role of investigative journalism as a watchdog in democratic society is to be safeguarded.

Documents
2019/03/26
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/03/25
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/03/08
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Special Committee on financial crimes, tax evasion and tax avoidance adopted the report drafted by Jeppe KOFOD (S&D, DK) and Luděk NIEDERMAYER (EPP, CZ) on financial crimes, tax evasion and tax avoidance.

Following continued revelations over the last five years (Luxleaks, the Panama Papers, Football leaks and the Paradise papers), the European Parliament decided to establish a Special Committee on Financial Crimes, Tax Evasion and Tax Avoidance (TAX3), on 1 March 2018.

Urgent need for reform

The report noted that existing tax rules are often unable to keep up with the increasing speed of the economy. There is an urgent and continuous need for reform of the rules, so that international, EU and national tax systems are fit for the new economic, social and technological challenges of the 21st century.

Members welcomed the fact that during its current term the Commission has put forward 26 legislative proposals aimed at closing some of the loopholes, improving the fight against financial crimes and aggressive tax planning, and enhancing tax collection efficiency and tax fairness. They regretted, however, the lack of progress in the Council on major initiatives in relation to corporate tax reform that have not yet been finalised due to the lack of genuine political will.

They called for the swift adoption of the EU initiatives that have not yet been finalised and for careful monitoring of the implementation to ensure efficiency and proper enforcement, in order to keep pace with the versatility of tax fraud, tax evasion and aggressive tax planning.

Members called on the EU to adopt a broad strategy whereby the EU supports, with relevant policies, Member States in moving from their current detrimental tax systems to a tax system compatible with the EU’s legal framework and the spirit of the EU Treaties.

Cash transactions

The report stressed that cash transactions remain a very high risk in terms of money laundering and tax evasion, including VAT fraud. While rules on cash controls at the EU external borders have been harmonised, rules among Member states concerning cash movements within the EU’s borders vary. Fragmentation and the divergent nature of these measures have the potential to disrupt the proper functioning of the internal market. The Commission is called on to prepare a proposal on European restrictions on payments in cash, while maintaining cash as a means of payment. Noting that high-denomination euro notes present a higher risk in terms of money laundering, Members called on the European Central Bank (ECB) to draw up a timetable to phase out the ability to use EUR 500 notes.

Dividend stripping and coupon washing

Members noted that cum-ex transactions have been a known global problem since the 1990s, including in Europe, yet no coordinated counteraction has been taken. They deplored the tax fraud revealed by the so-called cum-ex files scandal which has led to publicly reported losses of Member States’ tax revenue, amounting to as much as EUR 55.2 billion according to some media estimates. The complexity of tax systems can give rise to legal loopholes facilitating tax fraud schemes such as cum-ex.

The Commission is called on to assess whether EU action is needed in this regard, and to present a legislative proposal should the assessment demonstrate a need for such action.

European financial police force

Members called on the Commission to start working immediately on a proposal for a European financial police force within the framework of Europol with its own investigatory capabilities, as well as on a European framework for cross-border tax investigations and other cross-border financial crimes.

Letterbox companies

Members called for a clear definition of these companies and for the identities of the actual owners to be disclosed to tax authorities.

VAT

There is a need for harmonisation of VAT rules at EU level to the extent that it is necessary to ensure the establishment and the functioning of the internal market and to avoid distortion of competition. It is estimated that around EUR 50 billion – or EUR 100 per EU citizen each year – is lost to cross-border VAT fraud. The Commission and the Member States are urged to reinforce their cooperation to better fight against VAT fraud. The next Commission is called on to prioritise the introduction and implementation of the definitive VAT regime in order to improve it.

Better cooperation between the administrative, judicial and law-enforcement authorities within the EU is needed.

Phasing out of golden visas and passports

Members expressed concern that a majority of Member States have adopted citizenship by investment (CBI) or residency by investment (RBI) schemes, generally known as ‘golden visa and passports’ or investor programmes, by which citizenship or residence is granted to EU and non-EU citizens in exchange for financial investment.

At least 5 000 non-EU citizens have obtained EU citizenship through citizenship by investment schemes. Members deplored the fact that the opaqueness surrounding the origin of the money connected to CBI and RBI schemes has significantly increased the political, economic and security risks for European countries.

These schemes should be phased out according to Members.

Tax havens

Members recalled the importance of a common EU list of non-cooperative jurisdictions for tax purposes (‘the EU list’) based on comprehensive, transparent, robust, objectively verifiable and commonly accepted criteria that are regularly updated. They also stated that the Commission has criticised seven Member States – Belgium, Cyprus, Hungary, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta and the Netherlands – for shortcomings in their tax systems that facilitate aggressive tax planning, arguing that they undermine the integrity of the European single market. Members took the view that these jurisdictions can also be regarded as facilitating aggressive tax planning globally. A review of the EU list is expected in the first quarter of 2019.

Countermeasures

Members renewed their call for the EU and its Member States to undertake effective and dissuasive countermeasures against non-cooperative jurisdictions with a view to incentivising good cooperation on tax matters. They deplored the fact that most countermeasures proposed by the Council are left to national discretion.

Member States should adopt a single set of strong countermeasures, such as withholding taxes, exclusion from calls for public procurement tenders, increased auditing requirements, etc.

These countermeasures should also be envisaged against the US if it does not ensure Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act’s (FATCA) reciprocity.

Documents
2019/02/27
   EP - Vote in committee
2018/12/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/11/09
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/06/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2018/06/14
   EP - NIEDERMAYER Luděk (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in TAX3
2018/06/14
   EP - KOFOD Jeppe (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in TAX3

Documents

  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2019)445
  • Results of vote in Parliament: Results of vote in Parliament
  • Decision by Parliament: T8-0240/2019
  • Committee report tabled for plenary: A8-0170/2019
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE632.134
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE632.136
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE632.137
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE632.168
  • Committee draft report: PE627.890
  • Committee draft report: PE627.890
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE632.134
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE632.136
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE632.137
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE632.168
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2019)445

Activities

Votes

A8-0170/2019 - Jeppe Kofod et Luděk Niedermayer - Am 1 26/03/2019 13:00:42.000 #

2019/03/26 Outcome: -: 477, +: 121, 0: 60
EL CY IE LV DK EE LT LU MT FR AT SI SE FI HR SK CZ HU PT BE IT NL BG ES RO GB PL DE
Total
11
1
8
8
13
5
8
6
6
67
15
8
18
13
9
13
20
14
20
21
66
24
17
47
22
59
48
90
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ENF ENF
31
3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

2

Germany ENF

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
15

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

France Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

5

Austria Verts/ALE

Abstain (2)

2

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

For (1)

Against (1)

4

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6
icon: ECR ECR
68

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

3

Czechia ECR

2
4

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Lithuania ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Germany ALDE

For (1)

4
icon: S&D S&D
159

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

4

Czechia S&D

3

Hungary S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

4
icon: PPE PPE
196

Greece PPE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0170/2019 - Jeppe Kofod et Luděk Niedermayer - Am 51S 26/03/2019 13:00:59.000 #

2019/03/26 Outcome: -: 603, +: 56, 0: 4
MT CY IE EL LU EE DK LV LT SI HR BE FI SK SE HU NL CZ AT BG PT RO GB PL ES IT FR DE
Total
6
1
8
11
6
6
13
8
8
8
9
21
12
13
18
14
25
20
16
17
20
22
61
47
47
66
68
91
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
15

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Italy NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2
icon: ENF ENF
31

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

Against (1)

3

Austria ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

2
2

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Greece GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Italy GUE/NGL

2
icon: ECR ECR
68

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

3

Sweden ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
5
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
4
icon: S&D S&D
160

Malta S&D

3

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Hungary S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
197
3

Greece PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0170/2019 - Jeppe Kofod et Luděk Niedermayer - Am 58 26/03/2019 13:01:10.000 #

2019/03/26 Outcome: -: 487, +: 163, 0: 7
FR EL CY AT MT DK IE LT LU EE LV SI FI HR SE HU PT SK CZ BE NL BG IT ES RO GB DE PL
Total
67
11
1
16
6
13
7
8
6
4
8
8
13
9
18
14
20
13
20
21
25
17
66
47
22
61
87
48
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Austria ENF

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

2

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
15

France NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Germany ALDE

3
icon: ECR ECR
68

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
159

Greece S&D

Against (1)

3

Malta S&D

3
3

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Hungary S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
196

Greece PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0170/2019 - Jeppe Kofod et Luděk Niedermayer - Am 60 26/03/2019 13:01:27.000 #

2019/03/26 Outcome: -: 353, +: 298, 0: 11
IT FR EL AT MT SE DE ES CY IE PT EE LT LU DK HR HU SI LV FI SK RO BE CZ BG NL GB PL
Total
66
68
11
16
6
18
90
47
1
8
20
5
8
6
13
9
14
8
8
13
13
22
21
20
17
25
61
47
icon: S&D S&D
160

Malta S&D

For (1)

Abstain (2)

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ENF ENF
31
3

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
15

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1
4

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Lithuania ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
68

Sweden ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
196

Greece PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

For (1)

4

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0170/2019 - Jeppe Kofod et Luděk Niedermayer - Am 61 26/03/2019 13:01:39.000 #

2019/03/26 Outcome: -: 370, +: 267, 0: 23
IT EL SE PT FR ES IE CY EE DE AT FI DK HR LU HU LT SI LV SK MT CZ BE RO NL BG GB PL
Total
66
11
18
20
68
47
8
1
5
89
16
13
13
9
6
14
8
8
8
13
6
20
20
22
25
17
61
47
icon: S&D S&D
159

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
36

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
15

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

3
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Austria ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Portugal ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2
4

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
67

Sweden ECR

2

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
196

Greece PPE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0170/2019 - Jeppe Kofod et Luděk Niedermayer - § 35/1 26/03/2019 13:02:25.000 #

2019/03/26 Outcome: +: 610, -: 42, 0: 2
DE FR IT ES PL GB RO BE PT NL CZ BG AT HU DK SK FI HR IE LT SI LV LU EE EL CY SE MT
Total
89
68
66
46
46
61
22
21
19
24
20
16
16
14
13
13
13
9
8
8
8
7
5
5
11
1
18
6
icon: PPE PPE
191

United Kingdom PPE

2