BETA


2019/0152(COD) European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT): strategic innovation agenda 2021-2027

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE CARVALHO Maria da Graça (icon: EPP EPP) GÁLVEZ MUÑOZ Lina (icon: S&D S&D), IJABS Ivars (icon: Renew Renew), LIZZI Elena (icon: ID ID), BUCHNER Klaus (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), ROOS Robert (icon: ECR ECR), MATIAS Marisa (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion CULT BOTOŞ Vlad-Marius (icon: Renew Renew) Christian EHLER (icon: PPE PPE), Christine ANDERSON (icon: ID ID), Niklas NIENASS (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Domènec RUIZ DEVESA (icon: S&D S&D), Alexis GEORGOULIS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Dace MELBĀRDE (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion JURI
Committee Legal Basis Opinion JURI VOSS Axel (icon: EPP EPP)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 40, TFEU 173-p3

Events

2021/05/28
   Final act published in Official Journal
2021/05/20
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2021/05/20
   CSL - Final act signed
2021/05/20
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2021/05/10
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2021/04/27
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 673 votes to 6, with 20 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Strategic Innovation Agenda of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) 2021-2027: Boosting the Innovation Talent and Capacity of Europe.

Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the Commission's proposal as follows:

The Strategic Innovation Agenda (SIA) complements the legislative framework for the functioning of the EIT for the years 2021 to 2027. It sets out the priority fields and strategy of the EIT for the period 2021-2027 by defining the EIT's objectives, key actions, mode of operation, expected results and resources needed.

The SIA 2021-2027 should:

- ensure the coherence of the EIT with Horizon Europe as well as consistency with EU priorities and commitments, including those related to the European Green Deal, the Recovery Plan for Europe, the European strategy for data, the SME Strategy for a sustainable and digital Europe and the New Industrial Strategy for Europe and those related to achieving the Union's strategic autonomy, while retaining an open economy;

- contribute to tackling global and societal challenges, including the Sustainable Development Goals by following the principles of the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and to achieving a net-zero greenhouse gas economy by 2050 at the latest.

Raising the bar

The EIT should continue to support Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) to strengthen innovation ecosystems that address global and societal challenges.

It should do this by promoting the integration of higher education, research and innovation to create environments conducive to innovation. It aims to support a new generation of entrepreneurs, helping to reduce the gender gap in innovative business creation, with a focus on SMEs.

The EIT's specific objectives for 2021-2027 should be to:

- increase the openness, impact and transparency of the KICs and the integration of the knowledge triangle across the EU;

- increase the entrepreneurial and innovation capacity of higher education across Europe by promoting and supporting institutional change in HEIs and the integration of HEIs in innovation ecosystems;

- increase the regional and local outreach of the EIT and the KICs, in particular by including a wider range of stakeholders in order to address disparities in innovation capacity and to enhance knowledge and innovation diffusion across the EU.

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) is an integral part of Horizon Europe, the future EU framework programme for research and innovation. The EIT's budget for the years 2021-2027 (as provided for in the Horizon Europe regulation) amounts to EUR 2.96 billion. The EIT's leading mission since 2008 is to contribute to sustainable European economic growth and competitiveness by reinforcing the innovation capacity of the Member States and of the EU as a whole by addressing societal challenges through innovation-driven knowledge integration between higher education, research and innovation (knowledge triangle). It brings together leading universities, research labs and companies to form pan-European partnerships, the so-called Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs), to help innovators and entrepreneurs across Europe turn their ideas into products and services for the market. Since 2010, the EIT has over the years launched eight KICs, each of them focusing on a different societal challenge (Climate, Digital, Food, Health, InnoEnergy, Manufacturing, Raw Materials, Urban Mobility).

In this context, the SIA:

- clarifies the scope of the new pilot phase to support the development of entrepreneurial and innovation capacities of higher education institutions;

- defines eligibility criteria and the budget to be allocated to activities under the Regional Innovation Scheme (RIS), which aims to extend the EIT's regional activities to low and medium-income innovative countries;

- provides for a simplified funding model for KICs, based on performance;

- establishes a system of continuous monitoring and evaluation of KICs, including closer monitoring of their openness, and clarifies the EIT's relationship with KICs after the termination of the Framework Partnership Agreement.

The EIT should ensure that the KICs continue to pursue financial sustainability, in order to achieve financial independence from the EIT grant at the latest after 15 years following their launch by leveraging public and private investment.

Launching new KICs

The EIT foresees a streamlined procedure for the launch of a new KIC in the cultural and creative sectors and industries in 2022 or 2023 and a second new KIC in the aquatic, marine and maritime sectors and ecosystems in 2026, taking into account the strategic planning process under Horizon Europe.

Tackling the crisis resulting from the outbreak of COVID-19

Major social, economic, environmental and technological changes arising from the COVID-19 crisis will require the collaboration of all Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies. The EIT should contribute to the necessary innovation efforts by providing a coherent response to the COVID-19 crisis.

The EIT should contribute to the necessary innovation efforts by providing a coherent response to the COVID-19 crisis. In particular, it should ensure that the KICs are able to operate with the necessary flexibility to adapt to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 crisis and to respond to unexpected new challenges and priorities.

Budgetary needs

The budgetary needs of the EIT over the period 2021-2027 amount to EUR 2 965 000 000 and cover: (1) expenditure for the expenses of the eight existing KICs and the launch of two new KICs; (2) EIT administrative expenses; and (3) the expenses related to preparation, monitoring, control, audit, evaluation and other activities and expenses that are necessary for the management and implementation of the EIT activities, as well as for the evaluation of the achievement of its objectives. Around EUR 2 854 000 000 (96 % of the total EIT budget) is envisaged to fund existing and new KICs.

Documents
2021/04/26
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/03/23
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2021/02/23
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2021/02/17
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2021/02/11
   EP - VOSS Axel (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2020/07/10
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 71)
2020/07/08
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations announced in plenary (Rule 71)
2020/06/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2020/06/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2020/06/16
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2020/06/16
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2020/06/09
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/05/04
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/05/04
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/03/23
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/03/02
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2020/02/11
   EP - BOTOŞ Vlad-Marius (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2019/12/19
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2019/11/29
   RO_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2019/10/30
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2019/09/18
   EP - CARVALHO Maria da Graça (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2019/07/18
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2019/07/11
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to propose a new strategic innovation programme for the European Institute of Innovation and Technology for the period 2021 to 2027.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: the European Institute of Innovation and Technology was established in 2008 by Regulation (EC) No 294/2008 , as amended by Regulation (EC) No 1292/2013 . Its overall mission is to stimulate sustainable European economic growth and competitiveness by strengthening the innovative capacity of Member States and the Union.

The EIT achieves these objectives mainly through its Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs), which bring together more than 1 200 partners from business, research and education.

The EIT is an integral part of the Commission's proposal for the Horizon Europe Programme (2021-2027), and more particularly the Open Innovation pillar of this programme, but it has a separate legal basis (the EIT Regulation).

This initiative aims to make the EIT Regulation compatible with Horizon Europe and to improve the functioning of the EIT, taking into account the lessons learned in recent years. It also aims to propose a new Strategic Innovation Agenda (SIP) setting out the EIT's strategy and priorities for the period 2021-2027, as well as its objectives, key actions, expected results and resource requirements.

For the period 2021-2027, the SIA should ensure consistency with Horizon Europe's objectives and the programme's requirements for multiannual strategic planning, monitoring and other activities, and promote synergies with other relevant programmes.

This proposal for a new EIT SIA for the period 2021-2027 is therefore presented in parallel to the proposal to recast the EIT Regulation .

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the chosen option is based on the baseline scenario (continuation of the EIT's activities in their current form, with the necessary adjustments to bring the EIT into line with the Horizon Europe proposal). In addition, it adopts a number of technical measures to enhance the functioning of the EIT and proposes a new action to foster entrepreneurial education across Europe.

CONTENT: the proposed EIT Strategic Innovation Agenda (SIA) for the period 2021-2027 defines the EIT's priority areas, strategy and financial needs for this period and sets out how the EIT will contribute to the achievement of Horizon Europe's objectives.

Main improvements

The SIA clarifies the role of the EIT in the Horizon Europe programme and sets out its complementarity to the various parts of Horizon Europe, notably also the European Innovation Council. It includes a number of improvements to the existing EIT model. They concern: (i) the alignment with the European partnerships under Horizon Europe and their governing rules, (ii) the improvement of the current funding model as recommended by the European Court of Auditors and, (iii) the inclusion of the possibility for the EIT to conclude memoranda of cooperation with KICs to keep former KICs as active members of the EIT Community after the termination of their framework partnership agreement.

Clear monitoring and evaluation provisions are defined taking into account the Horizon Europe framework and the EIT’s specificities.

Support to KICs

The EIT will consolidate the eight existing KICs, fostering their growth and impact, and accompany their transition to financial sustainability. In particular, this will concern the first wave of three KICs launched in 2009 (EIT Climate, EIT Digital and EIT InnoEnergy) whose framework partnership agreements will terminate after 2024.

The EIT will also launch two new KICs in specific thematic areas in order to tackle future emerging global societal challenges and needs. The SIA identifies Cultural and Creative Industries as a priority field for a new KIC with a call to be launched in 2021. A second call for a new KIC is foreseen in 2024 to add new priority fields.

EIT-coordinated activities

The EIT will support 750 higher education institutions through funding, expertise and mentoring, enabling them to develop economic activities in their field of interest and to better integrate into local innovation ecosystems. The EIT Label will be part of the EIT's reinforced focus on education.

The EIT will put a strong emphasis on cross-cutting actions such as communication, identification, codification and dissemination of good practices, and international cooperation. Another key area of action for the EIT will be the expansion and strengthening of its regional outreach through the Regional Innovation Scheme (RIS). RIS will offer in particular opportunities to Member States with low innovation performance and enhance their access to the EIT KICs.

BUDGETARY IMPACT: the impact on expenditure is estimated at EUR 3 billion for the period 2021-2027. The impact on administrative appropriations is estimated at EUR 75 million.

Documents

Votes

Programme stratégique d’innovation de l’Institut européen d’innovation et de technologie - Strategic Innovation Agenda of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology - Strategische Innovationsagenda des Europäischen Innovations- und Technologieinstituts - A9-0121/2020 - Maria da Graça Carvalho - Provisional agreement - Am 162

2021/04/27 Outcome: +: 673, 0: 20, -: 6
DE FR IT ES PL RO NL BE HU AT PT SE BG CZ EL FI DK IE SK LT HR LV SI EE MT CY LU
Total
96
78
73
59
52
33
29
21
21
19
21
21
17
21
19
14
14
13
14
11
12
8
8
7
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
174

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
144

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1
3

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

1
3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: ID ID
74

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
36

Germany NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2
AmendmentsDossier
431 2019/0152(COD)
2020/01/28 CULT 149 amendments...
source: 646.942
2020/05/07 ITRE 282 amendments...
source: 650.625

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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date
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events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 673 votes to 6, with 20 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Strategic Innovation Agenda of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) 2021-2027: Boosting the Innovation Talent and Capacity of Europe.
  • Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the Commission's proposal as follows:
  • The Strategic Innovation Agenda (SIA) complements the legislative framework for the functioning of the EIT for the years 2021 to 2027. It sets out the priority fields and strategy of the EIT for the period 2021-2027 by defining the EIT's objectives, key actions, mode of operation, expected results and resources needed.
  • The SIA 2021-2027 should:
  • - ensure the coherence of the EIT with Horizon Europe as well as consistency with EU priorities and commitments, including those related to the European Green Deal, the Recovery Plan for Europe, the European strategy for data, the SME Strategy for a sustainable and digital Europe and the New Industrial Strategy for Europe and those related to achieving the Union's strategic autonomy, while retaining an open economy;
  • - contribute to tackling global and societal challenges, including the Sustainable Development Goals by following the principles of the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and to achieving a net-zero greenhouse gas economy by 2050 at the latest.
  • Raising the bar
  • The EIT should continue to support Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) to strengthen innovation ecosystems that address global and societal challenges.
  • It should do this by promoting the integration of higher education, research and innovation to create environments conducive to innovation. It aims to support a new generation of entrepreneurs, helping to reduce the gender gap in innovative business creation, with a focus on SMEs.
  • The EIT's specific objectives for 2021-2027 should be to:
  • - increase the openness, impact and transparency of the KICs and the integration of the knowledge triangle across the EU;
  • - increase the entrepreneurial and innovation capacity of higher education across Europe by promoting and supporting institutional change in HEIs and the integration of HEIs in innovation ecosystems;
  • - increase the regional and local outreach of the EIT and the KICs, in particular by including a wider range of stakeholders in order to address disparities in innovation capacity and to enhance knowledge and innovation diffusion across the EU.
  • The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) is an integral part of Horizon Europe, the future EU framework programme for research and innovation. The EIT's budget for the years 2021-2027 (as provided for in the Horizon Europe regulation) amounts to EUR 2.96 billion. The EIT's leading mission since 2008 is to contribute to sustainable European economic growth and competitiveness by reinforcing the innovation capacity of the Member States and of the EU as a whole by addressing societal challenges through innovation-driven knowledge integration between higher education, research and innovation (knowledge triangle). It brings together leading universities, research labs and companies to form pan-European partnerships, the so-called Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs), to help innovators and entrepreneurs across Europe turn their ideas into products and services for the market. Since 2010, the EIT has over the years launched eight KICs, each of them focusing on a different societal challenge (Climate, Digital, Food, Health, InnoEnergy, Manufacturing, Raw Materials, Urban Mobility).
  • In this context, the SIA:
  • - clarifies the scope of the new pilot phase to support the development of entrepreneurial and innovation capacities of higher education institutions;
  • - defines eligibility criteria and the budget to be allocated to activities under the Regional Innovation Scheme (RIS), which aims to extend the EIT's regional activities to low and medium-income innovative countries;
  • - provides for a simplified funding model for KICs, based on performance;
  • - establishes a system of continuous monitoring and evaluation of KICs, including closer monitoring of their openness, and clarifies the EIT's relationship with KICs after the termination of the Framework Partnership Agreement.
  • The EIT should ensure that the KICs continue to pursue financial sustainability, in order to achieve financial independence from the EIT grant at the latest after 15 years following their launch by leveraging public and private investment.
  • Launching new KICs
  • The EIT foresees a streamlined procedure for the launch of a new KIC in the cultural and creative sectors and industries in 2022 or 2023 and a second new KIC in the aquatic, marine and maritime sectors and ecosystems in 2026, taking into account the strategic planning process under Horizon Europe.
  • Tackling the crisis resulting from the outbreak of COVID-19
  • Major social, economic, environmental and technological changes arising from the COVID-19 crisis will require the collaboration of all Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies. The EIT should contribute to the necessary innovation efforts by providing a coherent response to the COVID-19 crisis.
  • The EIT should contribute to the necessary innovation efforts by providing a coherent response to the COVID-19 crisis. In particular, it should ensure that the KICs are able to operate with the necessary flexibility to adapt to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 crisis and to respond to unexpected new challenges and priorities.
  • Budgetary needs
  • The budgetary needs of the EIT over the period 2021-2027 amount to EUR 2 965 000 000 and cover: (1) expenditure for the expenses of the eight existing KICs and the launch of two new KICs; (2) EIT administrative expenses; and (3) the expenses related to preparation, monitoring, control, audit, evaluation and other activities and expenses that are necessary for the management and implementation of the EIT activities, as well as for the evaluation of the achievement of its objectives. Around EUR 2 854 000 000 (96 % of the total EIT budget) is envisaged to fund existing and new KICs.
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  • PURPOSE: to propose a new strategic innovation programme for the European Institute of Innovation and Technology for the period 2021 to 2027.
  • PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.
  • ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.
  • BACKGROUND: the European Institute of Innovation and Technology was established in 2008 by Regulation (EC) No 294/2008 , as amended by Regulation (EC) No 1292/2013 . Its overall mission is to stimulate sustainable European economic growth and competitiveness by strengthening the innovative capacity of Member States and the Union.
  • The EIT achieves these objectives mainly through its Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs), which bring together more than 1 200 partners from business, research and education.
  • The EIT is an integral part of the Commission's proposal for the Horizon Europe Programme (2021-2027), and more particularly the Open Innovation pillar of this programme, but it has a separate legal basis (the EIT Regulation).
  • This initiative aims to make the EIT Regulation compatible with Horizon Europe and to improve the functioning of the EIT, taking into account the lessons learned in recent years. It also aims to propose a new Strategic Innovation Agenda (SIP) setting out the EIT's strategy and priorities for the period 2021-2027, as well as its objectives, key actions, expected results and resource requirements.
  • For the period 2021-2027, the SIA should ensure consistency with Horizon Europe's objectives and the programme's requirements for multiannual strategic planning, monitoring and other activities, and promote synergies with other relevant programmes.
  • This proposal for a new EIT SIA for the period 2021-2027 is therefore presented in parallel to the proposal to recast the EIT Regulation .
  • IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the chosen option is based on the baseline scenario (continuation of the EIT's activities in their current form, with the necessary adjustments to bring the EIT into line with the Horizon Europe proposal). In addition, it adopts a number of technical measures to enhance the functioning of the EIT and proposes a new action to foster entrepreneurial education across Europe.
  • CONTENT: the proposed EIT Strategic Innovation Agenda (SIA) for the period 2021-2027 defines the EIT's priority areas, strategy and financial needs for this period and sets out how the EIT will contribute to the achievement of Horizon Europe's objectives.
  • Main improvements
  • The SIA clarifies the role of the EIT in the Horizon Europe programme and sets out its complementarity to the various parts of Horizon Europe, notably also the European Innovation Council. It includes a number of improvements to the existing EIT model. They concern: (i) the alignment with the European partnerships under Horizon Europe and their governing rules, (ii) the improvement of the current funding model as recommended by the European Court of Auditors and, (iii) the inclusion of the possibility for the EIT to conclude memoranda of cooperation with KICs to keep former KICs as active members of the EIT Community after the termination of their framework partnership agreement.
  • Clear monitoring and evaluation provisions are defined taking into account the Horizon Europe framework and the EIT’s specificities.
  • Support to KICs
  • The EIT will consolidate the eight existing KICs, fostering their growth and impact, and accompany their transition to financial sustainability. In particular, this will concern the first wave of three KICs launched in 2009 (EIT Climate, EIT Digital and EIT InnoEnergy) whose framework partnership agreements will terminate after 2024.
  • The EIT will also launch two new KICs in specific thematic areas in order to tackle future emerging global societal challenges and needs. The SIA identifies Cultural and Creative Industries as a priority field for a new KIC with a call to be launched in 2021. A second call for a new KIC is foreseen in 2024 to add new priority fields.
  • EIT-coordinated activities
  • The EIT will support 750 higher education institutions through funding, expertise and mentoring, enabling them to develop economic activities in their field of interest and to better integrate into local innovation ecosystems. The EIT Label will be part of the EIT's reinforced focus on education.
  • The EIT will put a strong emphasis on cross-cutting actions such as communication, identification, codification and dissemination of good practices, and international cooperation. Another key area of action for the EIT will be the expansion and strengthening of its regional outreach through the Regional Innovation Scheme (RIS). RIS will offer in particular opportunities to Member States with low innovation performance and enhance their access to the EIT KICs.
  • BUDGETARY IMPACT: the impact on expenditure is estimated at EUR 3 billion for the period 2021-2027. The impact on administrative appropriations is estimated at EUR 75 million.
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