BETA


2019/2125(INI) Human rights and democracy in the world and the European Union's policy on the matter - annual report 2018

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET WISELER-LIMA Isabel (icon: EPP EPP) COZZOLINO Andrea (icon: S&D S&D), GOERENS Charles (icon: Renew Renew), NEUMANN Hannah (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KARSKI Karol (icon: ECR ECR), URBÁN CRESPO Miguel (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion FEMM REGNER Evelyn (icon: S&D S&D) María Soraya RODRÍGUEZ RAMOS (icon: RE RE), Andżelika Anna MOŻDŻANOWSKA (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2020/01/15
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
Documents
2020/01/15
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2020/01/15
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2020/01/14
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/12/11
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Isabel WISELER-LIMA (EPP, LU) on human rights and democracy in the world and the EU's policy on the matter - annual report 2018.

Continuing human rights abuses

In general, Members expressed deep concern about the attacks on democracy and the rule of law worldwide in 2018, reflecting the rise of authoritarianism as a political project, embodying disregard for human rights, repression of dissent, politicisation of justice and elections, shrinking space for civil society and limitations on freedom of assembly and expression. They expressed concern that there are still regimes that deny the very principle of universality of human rights enshrined in international law and regretted that a number of countries have still not put in place a moratorium on the abolition of the death penalty.

The report drew attention to the scourge of armed conflicts aimed, inter alia, at ethnic cleansing, which continue to cause civilian casualties and mass displacement. It also denounced the retreat of multilateralism and the rules-based international order, stressing that approaches adopted in the context of multilateral relations, including in the framework of the United Nations, were the most effective means of finding lasting solutions to conflicts on the basis of the norms and principles of international law.

Members denounced the fact that some governments had adopted legislation restricting the activities of civil society movements, including by banning NGOs or freezing their assets, while deploring the use of repressive cyber security and counter-terrorism legislation to repress human rights defenders. They stressed the importance of promoting gender equality and women's rights worldwide, of respecting children's rights and combating all forms of child abuse and of mainstreaming the fight against discrimination on the grounds of disability in the EU's external action and development aid policies.

Members expressed deep concern about the increase in hateful and intolerant reactions targeting people who are victims of persecution and discrimination based on ethnicity, nationality, class, caste, religion, belief, language, age, gender, sexual orientation and gender identity, which continue to occur in many countries and societies.

Enhancing the effectiveness of the Union's human rights policies

The report called for the objective of promoting human rights and democracy in the world to be mainstreamed in all Union policies which have an external dimension. It called for the adoption of a new Action Plan for Human Rights and Democracy for the next five years that is ambitious, comprehensive and binding, with a strong monitoring mechanism to assess the implementation and impact of the Action Plan. It called on the Commission and the EEAS to make effective use of human rights clauses in international agreements.

Developing solutions to protect and promote human rights and democracy

Members called on the Commission, the EEAS and the Member States to:

monitor developments that have a negative influence on governance and civil society space in the world, and systematically respond to political and legislative changes introduced by authoritarian governments with a view to weakening governance based on fundamental democratic principles and restricting the space available to civil society; foster an EU approach to conflict and accountability for human rights violations: Members called on the EEAS and the Commission to include an ambitious strategy to combat impunity as part of the EU's Third Action Plan for Human Rights and Democracy. They recommended the creation of a European observatory on prevention, accountability and combating impunity and the appointment of an EU Special Representative for International Humanitarian Law and International Justice. They called on all EU Member States to comply strictly with the European Union Code of Conduct on Arms Exports; adopt a strategic, visible and effective European approach to protect human rights defenders and to allocate sufficient funding for the protection of human rights defenders in the relevant thematic programmes of the Neighbourhood, Development Cooperation and International Cooperation Instrument (NDI) ; adopt a comprehensive gender equality strategy after the expiry of the strategic commitment; the Commission is invited to prepare and adopt a Communication aimed at renewing the Action Plan on Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Development Cooperation after 2020; take new initiatives to promote and protect children's rights, prevent and combat child abuse worldwide, reintegrate children affected by conflict and provide them with a protective family and social environment. Members called for the EU to launch an international movement to defend children's rights; step up advocacy in relation to freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief, and to initiate dialogue with states and representatives of civil society and faith, non-confessional, humanistic and philosophical groups in order to prevent acts of violence, persecution, intolerance and discrimination against persons on the grounds of thought, conscience, philosophical opinions, and religion or belief; better monitor all forms of restrictions (online and offline) on freedom of expression and the media and to systematically condemn such restrictions using all available diplomatic means; establish a binding international instrument to regulate the activities of transnational corporations and other companies in international human rights law; adopt a Union strategy to put new technologies, such as artificial intelligence, at the service of the population and to respond to the threat these technologies can pose to human rights, including fake news, mass surveillance and hate speech.

Stressing the urgent need to tackle the root causes of migration flows, Members called for the external dimension of the refugee crisis to be addressed, including by finding durable solutions to conflicts through cooperation and partnerships with the third countries concerned.

Lastly, stressing that the climate emergency and mass biodiversity constitute a major threat to the population, the report highlighted the key obligations and responsibilities under the 2015 Paris Agreement to mitigate the effects of climate change, including its negative impact on human rights.

Documents
2019/12/04
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2019/11/07
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2019/10/28
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2019/10/28
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2019/10/24
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2019/09/30
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2019/09/25
   EP - REGNER Evelyn (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM
2019/07/15
   EP - WISELER-LIMA Isabel (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Activities

Votes

A9-0051/2019 - Isabel Wiseler-Lima - Am 9

2020/01/15 Outcome: -: 338, +: 326, 0: 41
PL IT CZ SK EL HU BE LV HR AT RO SI SE CY LT MT IE BG EE FI LU PT DK GB NL FR DE ES
Total
48
66
20
13
20
19
20
8
11
17
31
8
19
5
11
6
10
16
5
12
6
21
12
67
24
69
91
50
icon: PPE PPE
166

Latvia PPE

2
2

Malta PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Netherlands PPE

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4
icon: ID ID
67

Czechia ID

2
3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Greece ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Germany ECR

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1
icon: NI NI
49

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
38

Czechia GUE/NGL

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1

Belgium GUE/NGL

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1

Sweden GUE/NGL

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1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

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1

Portugal GUE/NGL

4

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1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

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2

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2

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104

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Hungary Renew

2

Belgium Renew

4

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1

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Austria Renew

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Slovenia Renew

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Sweden Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

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Ireland Renew

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1

Bulgaria Renew

3

Estonia Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: S&D S&D
145

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Belgium S&D

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3

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A9-0051/2019 - Isabel Wiseler-Lima - Am 1

2020/01/15 Outcome: -: 461, +: 167, 0: 61
IT HU PL SI EE SK LV CY MT ES LU HR LT AT FI EL SE IE DK FR NL BE CZ BG PT RO GB DE
Total
66
18
48
8
5
13
8
5
6
37
6
11
11
17
12
18
19
10
13
69
24
20
21
16
21
30
65
92
icon: ID ID
66

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
3

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Belgium ID

Against (1)

3

Czechia ID

2
icon: ECR ECR
63

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1
4

Bulgaria ECR

2

Germany ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
45

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
38

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

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1

Belgium GUE/NGL

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1

Czechia GUE/NGL

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1

Portugal GUE/NGL

4

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Latvia Verts/ALE

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1

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

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2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

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3

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3

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1
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167

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4

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2

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2

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2

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4

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2

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1

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4

Belgium PPE

4
icon: Renew Renew
106

Hungary Renew

2

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Austria Renew

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1

Finland Renew

3

Sweden Renew

2

Ireland Renew

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1

Bulgaria Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
131

Slovenia S&D

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2

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3

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2

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1

Belgium S&D

2

A9-0051/2019 - Isabel Wiseler-Lima - § 56/2

2020/01/15 Outcome: +: 509, -: 179, 0: 14
DE ES RO PT FR NL SE EL GB AT IE BG LT BE SI HR FI MT LU CY DK SK CZ IT LV EE PL HU
Total
90
51
29
21
71
23
19
20
66
17
10
15
11
20
8
10
11
6
6
5
13
13
21
67
7
5
48
19
icon: S&D S&D
143

Greece S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Belgium S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
163

Netherlands PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Finland PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2
2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
105

Sweden Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

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2

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1

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2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

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1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

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1

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1

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1

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3

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1

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2

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1

Czechia GUE/NGL

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1
icon: NI NI
48

Germany NI

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

4
3

Greece ECR

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

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1

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1

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2

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2
icon: ID ID
69

Austria ID

3

Finland ID

2

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1

Czechia ID

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2

Estonia ID

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1

A9-0051/2019 - Isabel Wiseler-Lima - § 56/3

2020/01/15 Outcome: +: 544, -: 109, 0: 45
DE PL ES GB RO PT NL FR BG BE EL SE SK LT IE AT HR SI CZ LV FI MT LU DK CY EE IT HU
Total
92
45
51
67
29
21
24
69
16
20
19
19
13
11
10
16
11
8
21
8
11
6
6
13
4
5
64
19
icon: S&D S&D
138

Belgium S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
168

Latvia PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
2
icon: Renew Renew
103

Sweden Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

Ireland Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: ECR ECR
62

Germany ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

4

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
3

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: NI NI
48

Germany NI

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ID ID
67

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

A9-0051/2019 - Isabel Wiseler-Lima - § 58/2

2020/01/15 Outcome: +: 510, -: 137, 0: 57
DE ES RO PL PT BE FR GB SE EL BG AT IE NL LT DK FI HR SK LU CY MT SI IT LV EE CZ HU
Total
91
52
30
48
21
20
70
67
19
20
15
17
10
24
11
13
12
10
11
6
5
5
8
66
8
5
21
19
icon: S&D S&D
143

Belgium S&D

2

Greece S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Denmark S&D

3

Slovakia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
165

Netherlands PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2
2

Malta PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

Against (2)

4

Latvia PPE

For (1)

Against (1)

2
icon: Renew Renew
106

Sweden Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
47

Germany NI

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

Abstain (1)

1
3

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

Abstain (1)

4

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
4
icon: ID ID
68

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

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1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

A9-0051/2019 - Isabel Wiseler-Lima - Am 8

2020/01/15 Outcome: -: 346, +: 311, 0: 49
PL IT RO HU EL SK LV HR AT SI CY LT MT IE BG CZ EE FI LU BE PT DK DE SE FR NL GB ES
Total
48
66
31
19
20
12
7
11
17
8
5
11
6
10
16
21
5
12
6
20
21
13
90
19
70
24
66
52
icon: PPE PPE
168

Slovakia PPE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

Abstain (1)

4
2

Malta PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

Against (1)

2

Belgium PPE

4

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Netherlands PPE

For (1)

Against (1)

4
icon: ID ID
69
3

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Belgium ID

3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Greece ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Germany ECR

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
48

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

4

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE