BETA


Events

2021/10/06
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 510 votes to 31, with 141 abstentions, a resolution on the impact of intimate partner violence and custody rights on women and children.

Domestic violence is one of the most widespread forms of gender-based violence, as an estimated 22% of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by their partner, and 43% psychological violence. Women and children are disproportionately affected by this type of violence. In many Member States, lockdown measures during the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a 60% increase in emergency calls from victims of domestic violence.

Tackling domestic violence without delay

Strongly condemning all forms of gender-based violence, domestic violence and violence against women, Parliament called on Member States to address the increase in domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic and encouraged them to exchange national innovations, guidelines, best practices and protocols. The Commission is asked to develop an EU protocol on violence against women in crisis and emergency situations, to set up an emergency alert system and to consider victim protection services, such as helplines, safe accommodation and health services, as ‘essential services’ in the Member States.

Members called for the creation of a Council formation on gender equality within the European while deploring that the Istanbul Convention has still not been ratified by the European Union and that it had only been ratified by 21 Member States.

Parliament called on the Commission and the Council to add gender-based violence to the list of areas of crime under Article 83(1) TFEU . It invited the Commission to use these provisions as a legal basis for proposing binding measures and a comprehensive EU framework directive to prevent and combat all forms of gender-based violence by including uniform standards and due diligence for data collection, prevention and investigation of violence, protection of victims and witnesses, and prosecution and punishment of perpetrators.

Addressing domestic violence in custody and access decisions

Members considered that, in determining custody, access and visitation arrangements, the protection of women and children from violence and the best interests of the child must be paramount and outweigh other criteria.

In cases of femicide, the parental authority of the accused parent should be systematically suspended for the duration of the proceedings.

Member States should ensure that justice and support for victims is accessible, adequate and free of charge for all women victims of domestic violence in all their diversity and regardless of their status.

Access to legal protection, emergency shelter and funds for victims

Members stressed the need to remove economic barriers that may deter women from reporting violence. They urged Member States to:

- implement specific measures to tackle economic violence and establish a framework for rapid and effective decisions on child support to prevent the situation of victims of domestic violence from becoming more precarious during separation and divorce proceedings;

- ensure full access to adequate legal protection , effective hearings and restraining orders, shelters and counselling services, as well as victim funds and financial empowerment programmes for women victims of domestic violence.

Protection and support for children

The resolution emphasised the need to give the status of victim of gender-based violence in criminal and investigative proceedings to children who witness domestic violence. Children should have the opportunity to be heard. In every case, but crucially in cases where intimate partner violence is suspected, such hearings must be conducted in a child-friendly environment by trained professionals.

Members stressed the need to protect the rights of the most vulnerable children, with particular attention to children with disabilities, and to promote child-friendly justice. They called for concrete measures to stop sexual abuse of children.

Prevention: training of professionals

Parliament called for capacity-building and mandatory targeted training for professionals dealing with cases of gender-based violence, child abuse and domestic violence in general. It called on Member States to ensure that their law enforcement officers and legal services are adequately funded, equipped and trained to deal with and respond to complaints. They urged Member States to set up specialised courts and sections.

Combating gender stereotypes and prejudices - education and awareness-raising

Members expressed concern about the impact of gender stereotypes and prejudices, which lead to a lack of trust in women, particularly in relation to allegedly false allegations of child abuse and domestic violence. They also stressed the importance of taking measures to combat gender stereotypes and patriarchal prejudices through education and awareness-raising campaigns as a necessary measure to prevent domestic violence and to create a climate of zero tolerance towards violence.

Documents
2021/10/04
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/07/26
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Legal Affairs and the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality adopted an own-initiative report presented by Luisa REGIMENTI (EPP, IT) and Elena KOUNTOURA (GUE/NGL, EL) on the impact of intimate partner violence and custody rights on women and children.

Domestic violence is one of the most widespread forms of gender-based violence, as an estimated 22% of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by their partner, and 43% psychological violence. Women and children are disproportionately affected by this type of violence. In many Member States, lockdown measures during the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a 60% increase in emergency calls from victims of domestic violence.

Tackling domestic violence without delay

Strongly condemning all forms of gender-based violence, domestic violence and violence against women, the report called on Member States to address the increase in domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic and encouraged them to exchange national innovations, guidelines, best practices and protocols. The Commission is asked to develop an EU protocol on violence against women in crisis and emergency situations, to set up an emergency alert system and to consider victim protection services, such as helplines, safe accommodation and health services, as ‘essential services’ in the Member States.

Members called for the creation of a Council formation on gender equality within the European Council and urged Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to ratify the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention).

The report called on the Commission and the Council to add gender-based violence to the list of areas of crime under Article 83(1) TFEU and invited the Commission to use these provisions as a legal basis for proposing binding measures and a comprehensive EU framework directive to prevent and combat all forms of gender-based violence.

Addressing domestic violence in custody and access decisions

The report stressed that, in determining custody, access and visitation arrangements, the protection of women and children from violence and the best interests of the child must be paramount and outweigh other criteria. The rights of perpetrators of violence during and after court proceedings, including custody, access, contact and visitation, should be determined in the light of the fundamental rights of women and children to life and to physical, sexual and psychological integrity, and with due regard to the principle of the best interests of the child.

The report also stressed that the withdrawal of custody and visitation rights from the violent partner and the awarding of exclusive custody to the mother, if she is a victim of violence, may be the only way to prevent further violence in the best interests of the child. The parental authority of the accused parent should be systematically suspended for the duration of the proceedings in cases of femicide.

Member States should ensure that justice and support for victims is accessible, adequate and free of charge for all women victims of domestic violence in all their diversity and regardless of their status, as well as providing interpretation services where necessary.

Access to legal protection, emergency shelter and funds for victims

The report stressed the need to remove economic barriers that may deter women from reporting violence and to ensure full access to adequate legal protection, effective hearings and restraining orders, shelters and counselling services, as well as victim funds and financial empowerment programmes for women victims of domestic violence.

Protection and support for children

Members recommended the establishment of systematic follow-up procedures, including psychological support, for children who are victims or witnesses of domestic violence, to remedy the disturbances in their lives caused by this situation and to prevent them from repeating the violence as adults. In all cases, but especially in situations where domestic violence is suspected, hearings of children should take place in a child-friendly environment under professional guidance.

The Commission and the Member States are invited to take concrete Member States to take concrete measures to combat child sexual abuse and child sexual exploitation by investing in preventive measures and treatment programmes aimed at preventing perpetrators from reoffending, with more effective support for victims.

Prevention: training of professionals

Members called for capacity-building and mandatory targeted training for professionals dealing with cases of gender-based violence, child abuse and domestic violence in general. They called on Member States to ensure that their law enforcement officers and legal services are adequately funded, equipped and trained to deal with and respond to complaints. They urged Member States to set up specialised courts and sections.

Combating gender stereotypes and prejudices - education and awareness-raising

Members expressed concern about the impact of gender stereotypes and prejudices, which lead to a lack of trust in women, particularly in relation to allegedly false allegations of child abuse and domestic violence. They are also concerned about the lack of specific training for judges, prosecutors and legal professionals. They stressed the importance of taking measures to combat gender stereotypes and patriarchal prejudices through education and awareness-raising campaigns and called on Member States to take steps to establish programmes to teach perpetrators of domestic violence to adopt non-violent behaviour.

The Commission is encouraged to promote EU-wide public awareness campaigns as a necessary measure to prevent domestic violence and to create a climate of zero tolerance towards violence.

Documents
2021/07/13
   EP - Vote in committee
2021/03/02
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/02/04
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/11/23
   EP - REGIMENTI Luisa (ID) appointed as rapporteur in ['FEMM', 'JURI']
2020/11/23
   EP - KOUNTOURA Elena (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in ['FEMM', 'JURI']
2020/04/16
   EP - Referral to joint committee announced in Parliament
2019/12/19
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

Les conséquences des violences conjugales et des droits de garde sur les femmes et les enfants - The impact of intimate partner violence and custody rights on women and children - Auswirkungen von Gewalt in Paarbeziehungen und von Sorgerechtsregelungen auf Frauen und Kinder - A9-0254/2021 - Elena Kountoura, Luisa Regimenti - § 5/1 #

2021/10/05 Outcome: +: 528, -: 134, 0: 29
DE ES FR RO PT IT BE NL SE EL AT IE DK BG FI HR SI LT MT CY LU LV EE SK CZ PL HU
Total
94
58
79
32
21
75
21
29
20
21
19
13
14
17
14
12
8
10
6
6
6
8
7
13
21
51
16
icon: PPE PPE
176

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Croatia PPE

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4

Malta PPE

2
2

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2

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2

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1

Slovakia PPE

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5

Hungary PPE

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1
icon: S&D S&D
139

Greece S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

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1

Latvia S&D

2

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2

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2

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1

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1
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

2
3

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1

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2

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3

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1

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1

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2

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1

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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2

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3

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1

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1

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39

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2

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1
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34

Germany NI

2

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1

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2

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1

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2
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63

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1

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4
3

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1
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71

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2

A9-0254/2021 - Elena Kountoura, Luisa Regimenti - § 5/2 #

2021/10/05 Outcome: +: 378, -: 290, 0: 20
ES PT FR SE DE FI NL BE LU IE EE DK SK RO MT CY HR SI EL AT LV LT CZ BG PL HU IT
Total
58
21
79
20
94
14
29
21
6
13
7
14
13
32
6
6
12
8
21
19
7
10
21
15
51
16
75
icon: S&D S&D
137

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

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Abstain (1)

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

3

Hungary S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
98
3

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

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3

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3

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1
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39

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2

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1
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34

Germany NI

2

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1

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2

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2

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Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63
3

Germany ECR

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1

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4

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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2
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71

Finland ID

2

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1

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1

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1

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3

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2
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176

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1

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1

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2

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1

A9-0254/2021 - Elena Kountoura, Luisa Regimenti - § 14 #

2021/10/05 Outcome: +: 401, -: 187, 0: 104
FR IT PT PL BE DE ES SE DK FI NL RO LU EL EE LV IE CZ HR SK HU AT MT CY BG LT SI
Total
79
75
21
51
21
94
58
20
14
14
29
32
6
21
7
8
13
21
12
14
16
19
6
6
17
10
8
icon: S&D S&D
140

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Hungary S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

2
3

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

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3

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3

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1

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1

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3

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3

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1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

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1

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1

Finland The Left

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1

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1

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1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
34

Germany NI

2

Netherlands NI

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

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2

Lithuania NI

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1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

Abstain (1)

1
3

Netherlands ECR

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4

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1

Greece ECR

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1

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2

Croatia ECR

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1

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ID ID
71

Denmark ID

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1

Finland ID

2

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1

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Abstain (1)

1

Czechia ID

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2

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3
icon: PPE PPE
176

Denmark PPE

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1

Finland PPE

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3

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2

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1

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2

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1

Malta PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

A9-0254/2021 - Elena Kountoura, Luisa Regimenti - § 15/1 #

2021/10/05 Outcome: +: 624, 0: 40, -: 28
IT DE FR ES PL RO EL PT NL AT BE SE CZ BG FI DK IE HR SK LT LV SI EE MT CY LU HU
Total
75
94
79
58
51
32
21
21
29
19
21
20
21
17
14
14
13
12
14
10
8
8
7
6
6
6
16
icon: PPE PPE
176

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Hungary PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
140

Greece S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Hungary S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

For (1)

3

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

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2

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For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

4

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
39

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

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1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

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1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: ID ID
71

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

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For (1)

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2

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2

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For (1)

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1
icon: NI NI
34

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2

Netherlands NI

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1

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Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Lithuania NI

Abstain (1)

1

A9-0254/2021 - Elena Kountoura, Luisa Regimenti - § 15/2 #

2021/10/05 Outcome: +: 403, -: 156, 0: 132
IT ES DE RO FR PT EL IE BE HR FI SI LV MT CY LU LT SK EE BG AT CZ NL PL DK HU SE
Total
75
57
94
32
79
21
21
13
21
12
14
8
8
6
6
6
10
14
7
17
19
21
29
51
14
16
20
icon: S&D S&D
140

Greece S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

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For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Hungary S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3
icon: PPE PPE
175

Finland PPE

Abstain (1)

3

Latvia PPE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Hungary PPE

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovakia Renew

3

Estonia Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3
icon: The Left The Left
39

Portugal The Left

4

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1

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1

Denmark The Left

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1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
34

Germany NI

2

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2

Netherlands NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ID ID
71

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

4
3

A9-0254/2021 - Elena Kountoura, Luisa Regimenti - § 18/1 #

2021/10/05 Outcome: +: 647, -: 34, 0: 10
FR DE IT PL ES RO EL PT SE NL AT BE CZ BG FI SK IE DK HR LT LV SI EE MT CY LU HU
Total
79
94
74
51
58
32
21
21
20
29
19
21
21
17
14
14
13
14
12
10
8
8
7
6
6
6
16
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Denmark PPE

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2

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Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Hungary PPE

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1
icon: S&D S&D
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Greece S&D

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Czechia S&D

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Lithuania S&D

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Latvia S&D

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Slovenia S&D

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Cyprus S&D

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Luxembourg S&D

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Hungary S&D

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1
icon: Renew Renew
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Italy Renew

2
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Austria Renew

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Finland Renew

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Croatia Renew

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Slovenia Renew

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Estonia Renew

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Poland Verts/ALE

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Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

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icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

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Spain ECR