BETA


2019/2191(INI) Railway safety and signalling: Assessing the state of play of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) deployment

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead TRAN BILBAO BARANDICA Izaskun (icon: Renew Renew) THALER Barbara (icon: EPP EPP), AMERIKS Andris (icon: S&D S&D), DALUNDE Jakop G. (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), HAIDER Roman (icon: ID ID), FIDANZA Carlo (icon: ECR ECR), DALY Clare (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2021/07/07
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Documents
2021/07/06
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
Documents
2021/07/06
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/06/01
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted an own-initiative report by Izaskun BILBAO BARANDICA (Renew, ES) on railway safety and signalling: assessing the state of play of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) deployment.

The European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) is the EU standard for automatic train protection which creates an interoperable railway system in Europe.

Members recalled that the European Green Deal for Europe calls for a major modal shift to rail and that the new Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy sets the milestones of doubling high-speed rail traffic by 2030 and rail freight traffic by 2050, which require a share increase in rail transport capacity that cannot be obtained without a large-scale acceleration of the roll-out of the ERTMS throughout the EU.

The Court of Auditors reported that the full deployment of ERTMS on the core network is currently well behind schedule and will not be completed by the 2030 deadline, with a lack of coordination between Member States being one of the main reasons for this delay.

The report makes a number of recommendations to address the main problems identified with the deployment of ERTMS

Governance

Acknowledging the leading role played by the European Railway Agency as the single point of contact ensuring consistency in the development of interoperable ERTMS, Members deplored the recent reduction in the Agency's annual budget and suggested that it should be provided with the necessary financial and human resources as well as additional expertise to solve the remaining problems.

The report stressed that an approach to ERTMS deployment coordinated between all Member States and led by the ERTMS Coordinator is the only way to overcome the current patchwork situation, especially with regard to cross-border projects. The role of the ERTMS coordinator should be strengthened, both in terms of resources and implementing powers.

Members proposed establishing a regulatory framework for the digital transformation of the railway system that places ERTMS at the heart of the digital evolution of the railway system.

Interoperability and deployment

Members regretted that compared with the targets set in the European deployment plan, at the end of 2020 only 13% of the core network corridors were operating in accordance with ERTMS and ERTMS deployment in most corridors was in the range of 7% to 28%. The report therefore suggested that a corridor approach must be strengthened to overcome the obstacles to the deployment of ERTMS, in particular in the corridors with the lowest rates of deployment such as the Atlantic corridor, and especially within the Iberian Peninsula.

Members called on the Commission to:

- maintain and reinforce the binding nature of the targets in its revisions of the TEN-T guidelines, the European deployment plans for ERTMS and the on-board and track-side control-command and signalling subsystems (CCS TSI);

- strengthen the role of the core network coordinators in the forthcoming revision of the TEN-T Regulation, and integrate measures for a European management of the core network infrastructure

- develop an overarching decommissioning strategy for Class B systems with regulatory deadlines aligned with binding targets to be set at EU level;

- introduce a regulatory provision to ensure that national ERTMS implementation plans are legally aligned with the binding ERTMS deployment targets set in EU legislation, with a view to completing the deployment of ERTMS on the core network by 2030 and within the comprehensive network by 2040 .

The report pointed out that the timeframes for authorisation processes for retrofit projects, especially for conformity-to-type authorisation processes for rolling stock for the national area of use only, still differ because of diverging assessments by national safety agencies on the need to re-authorise certain modifications, resulting in it taking up to one month to re-authorise each rolling stock.

The Commission is invited to:

- take legislative initiatives, including updates of the current implementing regulations, to ensure streamlined and harmonised authorisation procedures by means of fast-tracked control operations in order to reduce the time needed to grant conformity-to-type certificates;

- work with the Agency to establish a common European model for public procurement on and set out in a legislative proposal all technical aspects for ensuring successful procurement and compatibility with the latest ERTMS baseline available;

- legislative proposal for an ERTMS industrial strategy addressing the insufficient industrial capacity, the lack of sufficient workshop for retrofit and of stable and predictably budget and the shortage of qualified staff and to ensure the transition from the current project-based approach to the industrialisation of ERTMS deployment.

The need to ensure synergies between ERTMS and the European Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) as soon as possible is stressed.

Funding

Between 2014 and 2020, the EU budget supported ERTMS deployment with an estimated total budget of EUR 2.7 billion, out of which EUR 850 million came from the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) and EUR 1.9 billion came from European Structural and Investments Funds (the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund) in the eligible regions.

Members are convinced that the existing financial instruments need to be improved to incentivise large-scale investment in the ERTMS. They called on the Commission to draw up all-encompassing guidelines in support of a large-scale strategy for the funding of the ERTMS both trackside and on-board.

They also considered that Member States should make ERTMS a key priority in their recovery and resilience plans.

Documents
2021/05/25
   EP - Vote in committee
2021/03/29
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/02/24
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/01/09
   EP - BILBAO BARANDICA Izaskun (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2019/12/19
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament

Documents

Votes

Sécurité et signalisation ferroviaire: état d'avancement du déploiement de l'ERTMS - Railway safety and signalling: Assessing the state of play of the ERTMS deployment - isenbahnsicherheit und Signalgebung im Eisenbahnverkehr: Bewertung des Sachstands in Bezug auf die Einführung des ERTMS - A9-0181/2021 - Izaskun Bilbao Barandica - Vote unique

2021/07/06 Outcome: +: 667, 0: 14, -: 11
DE FR IT ES PL RO NL CZ BE AT BG PT EL SE DK HR IE SK LT FI HU LV SI EE MT CY LU
Total
96
78
75
59
49
32
29
21
19
19
17
21
20
19
13
12
13
14
10
14
21
8
8
7
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
173

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Hungary PPE

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1
3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Finland Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
70

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

2
3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1

Sweden ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
39

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Ireland The Left

Abstain (1)

4

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
37

Germany NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1
AmendmentsDossier
164 2019/2191(INI)
2021/03/29 TRAN 164 amendments...
source: 691.170

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/2
date
2021-07-06T00:00:00
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url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2021-0327_EN.html title: T9-0327/2021
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  • date: 2021-07-06T00:00:00 title: Debate in plenary scheduled
  • date: 2021-07-06T00:00:00 title: Vote in plenary scheduled
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New
Procedure completed
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docs/2
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Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
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events/2/summary
  • The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted an own-initiative report by Izaskun BILBAO BARANDICA (Renew, ES) on railway safety and signalling: assessing the state of play of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) deployment.
  • The European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) is the EU standard for automatic train protection which creates an interoperable railway system in Europe.
  • Members recalled that the European Green Deal for Europe calls for a major modal shift to rail and that the new Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy sets the milestones of doubling high-speed rail traffic by 2030 and rail freight traffic by 2050, which require a share increase in rail transport capacity that cannot be obtained without a large-scale acceleration of the roll-out of the ERTMS throughout the EU.
  • The Court of Auditors reported that the full deployment of ERTMS on the core network is currently well behind schedule and will not be completed by the 2030 deadline, with a lack of coordination between Member States being one of the main reasons for this delay.
  • The report makes a number of recommendations to address the main problems identified with the deployment of ERTMS
  • Governance
  • Acknowledging the leading role played by the European Railway Agency as the single point of contact ensuring consistency in the development of interoperable ERTMS, Members deplored the recent reduction in the Agency's annual budget and suggested that it should be provided with the necessary financial and human resources as well as additional expertise to solve the remaining problems.
  • The report stressed that an approach to ERTMS deployment coordinated between all Member States and led by the ERTMS Coordinator is the only way to overcome the current patchwork situation, especially with regard to cross-border projects. The role of the ERTMS coordinator should be strengthened, both in terms of resources and implementing powers.
  • Members proposed establishing a regulatory framework for the digital transformation of the railway system that places ERTMS at the heart of the digital evolution of the railway system.
  • Interoperability and deployment
  • Members regretted that compared with the targets set in the European deployment plan, at the end of 2020 only 13% of the core network corridors were operating in accordance with ERTMS and ERTMS deployment in most corridors was in the range of 7% to 28%. The report therefore suggested that a corridor approach must be strengthened to overcome the obstacles to the deployment of ERTMS, in particular in the corridors with the lowest rates of deployment such as the Atlantic corridor, and especially within the Iberian Peninsula.
  • Members called on the Commission to:
  • - maintain and reinforce the binding nature of the targets in its revisions of the TEN-T guidelines, the European deployment plans for ERTMS and the on-board and track-side control-command and signalling subsystems (CCS TSI);
  • - strengthen the role of the core network coordinators in the forthcoming revision of the TEN-T Regulation, and integrate measures for a European management of the core network infrastructure
  • - develop an overarching decommissioning strategy for Class B systems with regulatory deadlines aligned with binding targets to be set at EU level;
  • - introduce a regulatory provision to ensure that national ERTMS implementation plans are legally aligned with the binding ERTMS deployment targets set in EU legislation, with a view to completing the deployment of ERTMS on the core network by 2030 and within the comprehensive network by 2040 .
  • The report pointed out that the timeframes for authorisation processes for retrofit projects, especially for conformity-to-type authorisation processes for rolling stock for the national area of use only, still differ because of diverging assessments by national safety agencies on the need to re-authorise certain modifications, resulting in it taking up to one month to re-authorise each rolling stock.
  • The Commission is invited to:
  • - take legislative initiatives, including updates of the current implementing regulations, to ensure streamlined and harmonised authorisation procedures by means of fast-tracked control operations in order to reduce the time needed to grant conformity-to-type certificates;
  • - work with the Agency to establish a common European model for public procurement on and set out in a legislative proposal all technical aspects for ensuring successful procurement and compatibility with the latest ERTMS baseline available;
  • - legislative proposal for an ERTMS industrial strategy addressing the insufficient industrial capacity, the lack of sufficient workshop for retrofit and of stable and predictably budget and the shortage of qualified staff and to ensure the transition from the current project-based approach to the industrialisation of ERTMS deployment.
  • The need to ensure synergies between ERTMS and the European Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) as soon as possible is stressed.
  • Funding
  • Between 2014 and 2020, the EU budget supported ERTMS deployment with an estimated total budget of EUR 2.7 billion, out of which EUR 850 million came from the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) and EUR 1.9 billion came from European Structural and Investments Funds (the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund) in the eligible regions.
  • Members are convinced that the existing financial instruments need to be improved to incentivise large-scale investment in the ERTMS. They called on the Commission to draw up all-encompassing guidelines in support of a large-scale strategy for the funding of the ERTMS both trackside and on-board.
  • They also considered that Member States should make ERTMS a key priority in their recovery and resilience plans.
docs/2
date
2021-06-01T00:00:00
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