BETA


2020/0152(COD) Markets in financial instruments

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ECON FERBER Markus (icon: EPP EPP) HEINÄLUOMA Eero (icon: S&D S&D), YON-COURTIN Stéphanie (icon: Renew Renew), URTASUN Ernest (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KRAH Maximilian (icon: ID ID), EPPINK Derk Jan (icon: ECR ECR), GUSMÃO José (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion DEVE
Committee Opinion ITRE
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 053-p1

Events

2021/03/23
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2021/03/07
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2021/02/26
   Final act published in Official Journal
2021/02/16
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2021/02/16
   CSL - Final act signed
2021/02/16
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2021/02/11
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2021/02/11
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 339 votes to 294, with 57 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2014/65/EU as regards information requirements, product governance and position limits to help the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.

As a reminder, the main aim of the proposal is to make targeted changes to the regulatory requirements imposed by the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MIFID II) in order to support the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Parliament adopted its position at first reading in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure by amending the Commission proposal as follows:

Purpose of the amendments

It is clarified that the general aim of the limited targeted changes to existing EU financial services law is to remove unnecessary red tape and to introduce calibrated measures that are deemed effective in alleviating economic hardship. These amendments aim to avoid introducing changes that would lead to more administrative burdens for the sector and leaving aside complex legislative issues that will be resolved in the planned review of the MiFID II Directive.

Further efforts to reduce regulatory complexity and investment firms’ compliance costs and to eliminate distortions of competition could be considered, provided that sufficient account is taken of investor protection at the same time.

Exemption from product governance requirements

The issuance of bonds is crucial to raise capital and to overcome the COVID-19 crisis. Bonds with no other embedded derivative than a make-whole clause are generally considered safe and simple products that are eligible for retail clients.

Under the amended text, an investment firm should be exempted from the product governance requirements, where the investment service it provides relates to bonds with no other embedded derivative than a make-whole clause or where the financial instruments are marketed or distributed exclusively to eligible counterparties.

Assessing the ancillary nature of a trading activity

Currently, persons applying for the ancillary activity exemption are required to notify annually the relevant competent authority that they make use of that exemption and to provide the necessary elements to satisfy the two quantitative tests that determine whether their trading activity is ancillary to their main business.

The amendments clarify that in order to establish when an activity is considered ancillary, competent authorities could rely on a combination of quantitative and qualitative elements, subject to compliance with clearly defined conditions.

The Commission should be empowered (i) to provide guidance on the circumstances under which national authorities may apply an approach combining quantitative and qualitative threshold criteria, and (ii) to develop, by 31 July 2021 at the latest, a delegated act specifying the criteria for establishing when an activity is to be considered as ancillary to the main business at group level.

Research services of investors

Research on small and middle-capitalisation issuers is essential to help issuers to connect with investors. This research increases the visibility of issuers and thus ensures a sufficient level of investment and liquidity.

The amending directive provides that research increases the visibility of issuers and thus ensures a sufficient level of investment and liquidity. Investment firms should be allowed to pay jointly for the provision of research and for the provision of execution services provided certain conditions are met. One of the conditions should be that the research is provided on issuers whose market capitalisation did not exceed EUR 1 billion, as expressed by the end-year quotes, for the 36 months preceding the provision of the research.

Review

By 31 July 2021, and based on the outcome of a public consultation, the Commission should review, inter alia, (i) the operation of the structure of the securities markets, reflecting the new economic reality after 2020, data and data quality issues related to market structure, and the transparency rules, including issues related to third countries, (ii) the rules on research, (iii) the rules on all forms of payments to advisers and their level of professional qualification, (iv) product governance, (v) loss reporting and (vi) client categorisation. If appropriate, the Commission should submit a legislative proposal to the European Parliament and to the Council.

In order to ensure that the objectives pursued by the amendments to Directives 2013/36/EU and (EU) 2019/878 are met, and in particular to avoid any disruptive effects for Member States, it is foreseen that these amendments should become applicable from 28 December 2020.

Documents
2021/02/11
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2021/02/10
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/01/13
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2020/12/16
   EP - Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2020/11/25
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 361 votes to 156, with 179 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2014/65/EU as regards information requirements, product governance and position limits to help the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for inter-institutional negotiations.

As a reminder, the main aim of the proposal is to make targeted adjustments to the requirements of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MIFID II) to facilitate the economic recovery post COVID-19 pandemic.

The main amendments adopted in plenary concern the following points:

Aim of the amendments

Members stressed that the changes introduced should remove unnecessary red tape and provide for temporary exceptions that are considered effective in alleviating economic hardship.

The amendments should avoid making changes that result in more burdens on the sector and leave complex legislative questions to be settled during the planned review of MIFID II.

To better enhance investor protection, Parliament stressed that it is critical that the debt level of retail investors is taken into account in the suitability assessment, in particular given the rising level of consumer debt due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Assessing the ancillary nature of a trading activity

The amendments clarify that quantitative tests should remain the basic rule regarding the exemption for ancillary activities. Alternatively, national supervisory authorities should be able to be authorised to rely on qualitative elements, subject to clearly defined conditions.

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) would be empowered to provide guidance on the circumstances under which national authorities could apply a qualitative approach and to develop draft technical regulatory standards on qualitative criteria.

Investment research services

Member States would be required to ensure that investment firms can pay jointly for the provision of execution services and the provision of investment research services, provided that a number of conditions are met.

Members clarified the definition of ‘investment research’, i.e. research material or services enabling an opinion to be formed on financial instruments, assets or issuers in this sector or in a given market.

Loss reporting thresholds

Investment firms providing the service of portfolio management or holding the account of a retail client including positions in leveraged financial instruments or contingent liability transactions shall inform the client, where the initial value of any instrument depreciates by 10 %.

Review clause

By 31 July 2021 at the latest, after consulting ESMA, the Commission should present a proposal for a review of Directive 2014/65/EU and Regulation (EU) No 600/2014. The review should be broad and should take into account issues such as those related to market structure, data, trading and post trading, research rules, rules on payment of inducements to advisors, level of professional qualifications of advisers in Europe, client categorisation and Brexit.

Documents
2020/11/25
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2020/11/23
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2020/11/03
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2020/11/03
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2020/10/28
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2020/10/28
   EP - Rejection by committee to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2020/10/27
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2020/10/22
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2020/10/14
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/09/18
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/09/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2020/09/07
   EP - FERBER Markus (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2020/07/27
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2020/07/24
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to make targeted adjustments to the requirements of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MIFID II) to facilitate the economic recovery post COVID-19 pandemic.

PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: Directive 2014/65/EU on markets in financial instruments (MiFID II) lays down rules for investment firms operating in EU financial markets. These rules determine how investment firms should interact with investors and how they should organise the trading venues.

The rules on investment services have an important role to play in promoting the recapitalisation of European firms in the aftermath of the crisis. In the light of the current COVID-19 pandemic, formal burdens that are not strictly necessary should be removed. The Commission therefore strives to recalibrate investor protection requirements to strike the right balance between a sufficient level of transparency for the client, the highest standards of protection and acceptable compliance costs for firms.

This legislative proposal amending MiFID II is part of a set of measures to facilitate the economic recovery post-COVID-19 pandemic, which includes also legislative proposals amending the Prospectus Regulation the Securitisation Regulation and the Capital Requirements Regulation .

CONTENT: the proposal primarily aims at providing, for exceptional reasons in the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic, for a streamlined application of the regulatory requirements, keeping high safeguards for retail clients while allowing for more flexibility for wholesale clients and ensures that fully functioning commodity markets can play their important role in the recovery of EU economies.

This legislative proposal also aims to complement the objectives of the Capital Markets Union to diversify market-based sources of financing for European companies and facilitate cross-border investments.

Amendments to information requirements

The changes to the current regime provide a precise calibration of the rules applicable to retail clients, professional customers and eligible counterparties. The majority of the proposed changes shall consist of relief for professional clients and eligible counterparties, namely:

- the phasing out of paper-based default method: documents shall be provided in electronic format. However, retail clients may opt-in to paper based information;

- as regards the indication of costs and charges, the introduction of an exemption for eligible counterparties and professional clients for services other than investment advice and portfolio management. In addition, in case of distance communication all clients using all services shall be able, under certain conditions, to receive costs and charges information just after the transaction;

- lighter ex-post reporting obligations: these reports shall no longer apply in respect of eligible counterparties; professional clients shall be able to choose whether or not to receive them;

- the temporary suspension of best execution reporting;

- the waiver by professional investors of cost-benefit analysis in the event of a change of product during the course of the relationship;

- the lifting of the product governance requirements for simple corporate bonds with make-whole clauses (which are investor-protective features). The aim of this exemption is to make more plain vanilla corporate bonds available to retail investors.

Measures affecting energy derivatives markets

The proposal introduces changes to the regime applicable to commodities with a view to enabling businesses in the real economy to cope with market volatility, while at the same time allowing the emergence of new commodity contracts, which is also important for promoting the international role of the euro.

The proposed amendments recalibrate precisely the position limit regime and the scope of the hedging exemption. They shall not concern agricultural commodities, in particular products for human consumption.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A9-0208/2020 - Markus Ferber - Am 9PC #

2020/11/24 Outcome: +: 579, -: 71, 0: 50
DE PL ES IT RO NL HU FR AT BE BG CZ SE PT SK DK LT HR FI LV SI EE MT LU IE EL CY
Total
95
51
59
75
33
29
21
79
19
20
17
21
21
21
14
14
11
12
13
8
8
7
6
6
13
21
6
icon: PPE PPE
184

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1

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2

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2
icon: S&D S&D
144

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2

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2

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2

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2

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1

Greece S&D

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3

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2
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68

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1

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3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

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3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

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3

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1

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1

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A9-0208/2020 - Markus Ferber - Am 5S #

2020/11/24 Outcome: -: 498, +: 153, 0: 49
FR IE CY EL FI SI LU LV MT DK LT EE BE HR PT CZ SK SE AT BG NL HU IT DE RO ES PL
Total
79
13
6
21
13
8
6
8
6
14
11
7
20
12
21
21
14
21
19
17
29
21
75
95
33
59
51
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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3

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1

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1

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2

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2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

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3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

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1
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icon: Renew Renew
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144

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A9-0208/2020 - Markus Ferber - Am 6S= 9PCS= #

2020/11/24 Outcome: -: 383, +: 268, 0: 49
FR DK BE IE DE FI CZ EE LU SI CY EL LT LV AT MT SE NL HR SK PT BG HU ES RO IT PL
Total
79
14
20
13
95
13
21
7
6
8
6
21
11
8
19
6
21
29
12
14
21
17
21
59
33
75
51
icon: Renew Renew
98

Ireland Renew

2

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3

Estonia Renew

3

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2

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2

Lithuania Renew

2

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1

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1

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1

Slovakia Renew

2

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2

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

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3

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A9-0208/2020 - Markus Ferber - Am 1 #

2020/11/24 Outcome: -: 386, +: 296, 0: 16
PL IT HU EL CZ LV HR SI BG LT MT CY SK RO EE IE LU PT FI SE BE DK AT DE FR NL ES
Total
51
75
21
19
21
8
12
8
17
11
6
6
14
33
7
13
6
21
13
21
20
14
19
95
79
29
59
icon: PPE PPE
184

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Slovakia PPE

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5

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

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2

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2

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1
icon: ID ID
75

Czechia ID

2

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1

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2

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1
3

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1
icon: ECR ECR
61

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1

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2

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1

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2

Lithuania ECR

1

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2

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1
3

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2

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1

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4
icon: NI NI
29

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1

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2

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2

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icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

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1

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3

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1

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1

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3

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3

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3

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3
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

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Bulgaria Renew

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2

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icon: S&D S&D
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A9-0208/2020 - Markus Ferber - Point 4, après sous-point c - Am 9PC #

2020/11/24 Outcome: +: 507, -: 124, 0: 69
PL ES DE RO FR HU NL BG SE BE AT PT EL SK HR CZ DK SI LT EE LV MT IE CY LU FI IT
Total
51
59
95
33
79
21
29
17
21
20
19
21
21
14
12
21
14
8
11
7
8
6
13
6
6
13
75
icon: PPE PPE
184

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1

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1

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2

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2
2

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2
icon: S&D S&D
144

Greece S&D

2

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icon: Renew Renew
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For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Germany ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Belgium ECR

2

Greece ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

4

Czechia GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

4

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ID ID
75

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2
icon: NI NI
31

Germany NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

2

Ireland NI

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

A9-0208/2020 - Markus Ferber - Am 7S #

2020/11/24 Outcome: -: 492, +: 129, 0: 79
IE CY FI EL SI LU LV MT FR LT EE DK BE HR PT CZ SK SE AT BG NL HU IT DE RO ES PL
Total
13
6
13
21
8
6
8
6
79
11
7
14
20
12
21
21
14
21
19
17
29
21
75
95
33
59
51
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
31

Ireland NI

Against (1)

1

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ID ID
75

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Austria ID

3

Netherlands ID

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)