BETA


2020/0374(COD) Digital Markets Act

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead IMCO SCHWAB Andreas (icon: EPP EPP) REPASI René (icon: S&D S&D), ANSIP Andrus (icon: Renew Renew), KOLAJA Marcel (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), JORON Virginie (icon: ID ID), BIELAN Adam (icon: ECR ECR), SCHIRDEWAN Martin (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion CULT KAMMEREVERT Petra (icon: S&D S&D) Martina MICHELS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Irena JOVEVA (icon: RE RE), Marcel KOLAJA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Tomasz FRANKOWSKI (icon: PPE PPE), Dace MELBĀRDE (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion ITRE ZORRINHO Carlos (icon: S&D S&D) Marisa MATIAS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Rasmus ANDRESEN (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Adam JARUBAS (icon: PPE PPE), Markus BUCHHEIT (icon: ID ID), Nicola BEER (icon: RE RE), Jessica STEGRUD (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion JURI WÖLKEN Tiemo (icon: S&D S&D) Emmanuel MAUREL (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Andrzej HALICKI (icon: PPE PPE), Stéphane SÉJOURNÉ (icon: RE RE), Jorge BUXADÉ VILLALBA (icon: ECR ECR), Luisa REGIMENTI (icon: PPE PPE), Patrick BREYER (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion TRAN FERBER Markus (icon: EPP EPP) Kateřina KONEČNÁ (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Kosma ZŁOTOWSKI (icon: ECR ECR), Josianne CUTAJAR (icon: S&D S&D), Marco CAMPOMENOSI (icon: ID ID), Ondřej KOVAŘÍK (icon: RE RE), Ciarán CUFFE (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion LIBE KOVAŘÍK Ondřej (icon: Renew Renew) Gwendoline DELBOS-CORFIELD (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Beata KEMPA (icon: ECR ECR), Anne-Sophie PELLETIER (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Isabel SANTOS (icon: S&D S&D), Nathalie COLIN-OESTERLÉ (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion ECON YON-COURTIN Stéphanie (icon: Renew Renew) Eva MAYDELL (icon: PPE PPE), Martin SCHIRDEWAN (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Paul TANG (icon: S&D S&D), Roberts ZĪLE (icon: ECR ECR), Antonio Maria RINALDI (icon: ID ID), Kira Marie PETER-HANSEN (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 57, TFEU 114-p1

Events

2022/10/12
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to ensure contestability and fairness in the digital sector in general, and in essential platform services in particular, with a view to fostering innovation, quality of digital products and services, fairness and price competitiveness, and a high level of quality and choice for end-users in the digital sector.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Regulation (EU) 2022/1925 of the European Parliament and of the Council on contestable and fair markets in the digital sector and amending Directives (EU) 2019/1937 and (EU) 2020/1828 (Digital Markets Act).

CONTENT: the digital markets act aims to ensure that the digital sector is competitive and fair. It defines clear rules for large platforms . It aims to make sure that no large online platform acts as a ‘gatekeeper’, a private rule-maker in digital markets by controlling at least one so-called ‘core platform services’.

Core platform services include: (i) online intermediation services (i.e. marketplaces, app stores); (ii) online search engines; (iii) social networking; (iv) cloud services; (v) number-independent interpersonal communication services; (vi) operating systems; (vii) web browsers; (viii) virtual assistants; (ix) cloud services; (x) online advertising services.

Designation of gatekeepers

To be considered a gatekeeper a platform must either have had an annual turnover of at least EUR 7.5 billion within the European Union (EU) in the past three years or have a market valuation of at least EUR 75 billion , and secondly it must have at least 45 million monthly end users and at least 10 000 business users established in the EU.

The platform must also control one or more core platform services in at least three Member States .

The Commission may conduct a market investigation to examine whether a company providing core platform services should be designated as a gatekeeper.

Obligations for gatekeepers

New obligations and prohibitions directly applicable to market ‘gatekeepers’ have been introduced.

A gatekeeper should in particular:

- allow third parties to inter-operate with the gatekeeper’s own services in certain specific situations;

- allow their business users to access the data that they generate in their use of the gatekeeper’s platform;

- provide companies advertising on their platform with the tools and information necessary for advertisers and publishers to carry out their own independent verification of their advertisements hosted by the gatekeeper;

- allow their business users to promote their offer and conclude contracts with their customers outside the gatekeeper’s platform;

- ensure that unsubscribing from core platform services is as easy as subscribing;

- provide information on the number of users that visit their platforms to determine whether the platform can be identified as a gatekeeper;

- give business users access to their marketing or advertising performance data on the platform;

- inform the European Commission of their acquisitions and mergers;

- ensure that the basic functionalities of instant messaging services are interoperable.

On the other hand, the gatekeeper platforms may no longer :

- treat services and products offered by the gatekeeper itself more favourably in ranking than similar services or products offered by third parties on the gatekeeper's platform;

- track end users outside of the gatekeepers' core platform service for the purpose of targeted advertising, without effective consent having been granted;

- prevent consumers from linking up to businesses outside their platforms;

- pre-install certain software applications or prevent users from easily un-installing them;

- restrict business users of platforms;

- prevent or restrict business users or end users from raising any issue of non-compliance with the relevant Union or national law by the gatekeeper with any relevant public authority, including national courts, related to any practice of the gatekeeper.

Governance

The Commission will be the only authority empowered to enforce the Regulation. An Advisory Committee and a High Level Group will be set up to assist the European Commission and facilitate its work. The Commission may decide to initiate a dialogue on regulatory measures to ensure that access controllers have a clear understanding of the rules. It may also develop guidelines to provide further guidance on different aspects of the Regulation.

Sanctions

The Commission will have powers of investigation, control and enforcement . In order to carry out its tasks, it may require undertakings and associations of undertakings to provide all necessary information, conduct hearings and take statements, carry out inspections or adopt an implementing act ordering interim measures against a gatekeeper.

If a gatekeeper breaches the rules set out in the legislation, the Commission may impose fines of up to 10% of its total worldwide turnover in the previous financial year, or up to 20% in the case of repeated breaches.

If an access controller engages in systematic non-compliance (i.e. breaches the rules at least three times in eight years), the Commission may open a market investigation and, if necessary, impose behavioural or structural remedies.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 1.11.2022.

APPLICATION: from 2.5.2023.

2022/09/21
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2022/09/14
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2022/09/14
   CSL - Final act signed
2022/07/18
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2022/07/05
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2022/07/05
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 588 votes to 11, with 31 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on contestable and fair markets in the digital sector (Digital Markets Act).

The European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the Commission's proposal as follows:

Purpose and scope

The purpose of this Regulation is to contribute to the proper functioning of the internal market by laying down harmonised rules ensuring for all businesses, contestable and fair markets in the digital sector across the Union where gatekeepers are present, to the benefit of business users and end users.

Designation of gatekeepers

This Regulation should apply to core platform services which are most prone to unfair practices. These include online intermediation services, online social networks, search engines, video sharing platform services, number independent interpersonal communication services, operating systems, web browsers, virtual assistants, cloud computing services and online advertising services that meet the minimum criteria for designation as ‘gatekeepers’.

Quantitative thresholds

An undertaking will fall within the scope of the digital markets legislation if:

- it has had an annual turnover in the Union of EUR 7.5 billion or more in each of the last three financial years, or if its average market capitalisation or fair market value equivalent was at least EUR 75 billion in the last financial year, and it provides the same core platform service in at least three Member States;

- it provides a core platform service which, in the last financial year, had at least 45 million active end-users per month established or located in the Union and at least 10 000 yearly active business users established in the Union.

The Commission should designate as gatekeepers any undertaking providing core platform services that has significant weight in the internal market but does not meet each of the thresholds. For this purpose, the Commission should take into account elements such as (i) the size, including turnover and market capitalisation, activities and position of that undertaking, (ii) the number of business users using the core platform service to reach end-users and the number of end-users (iii) network effects and data driven advantages, (iv) any scale and scope effects from which the undertaking benefits, (v) business user and end user lock-in; and (v) a conglomerate corporate structure or vertical integration of that undertaking.

Obligations for gatekeepers

Parliament introduced new obligations and prohibitions directly applicable to market ‘gatekeepers’.

Under the amended Regulation, a gatekeeper should not , unless this specific choice has been presented to the end-user and the end-user has given his or her consent within the meaning of the General Data Protection Regulation:

- process, for the purpose of providing online advertising services, personal data of end users using services of third parties that make use of core platform services of the gatekeeper;

- combine personal data from the relevant core platform service with personal data from any further core platform services or from any other services provided by the gatekeeper or with personal data from third-party services;

- cross-use personal data from the relevant core platform service in other services provided separately by the gatekeeper, including other core platform services, and vice-versa; and

- sign in end users to other services of the gatekeeper in order to combine personal data.

Gatekeepers should not be allowed to ask end-users for consent more than once a year for the same processing purpose for which they initially did not give consent or withdrew their consent.

In addition, the gatekeeper should not :

- prevent or restrict business users or end users from raising any issue of non-compliance with the relevant Union or national law by the gatekeeper with any relevant public authority, including national courts, related to any practice of the gatekeeper;

- require end users to use, or business users to use, to offer, or to interoperate with, an identification service, a web browser engine or a payment service, or technical services that support the provision of payment services, such as payment systems for in-app purchases, of that gatekeeper in the context of services provided by the business users using that gatekeeper’s core platform services;

- require business users or end users to subscribe to, or register with, any further core platform services listed in the designation decision, as a condition for being able to use, access, sign up for or registering with any of that gatekeeper’s core platform services;

- prevent users from easily uninstalling pre-installed software or applications or from using third party applications or application shops.

The gatekeeper should technically enable end users to easily change default settings on the operating system, virtual assistant and web browser of the gatekeeper that direct or steer end users to products or services provided by the gatekeeper.

Obligation for gatekeepers on interoperability of number-independent interpersonal communications services

A new provision stipulates that gatekeepers should therefore ensure, free of charge and upon request, interoperability with certain basic functionalities of their number-independent interpersonal communications services that they provide to their own end users, to third-party providers of such services.

Gatekeepers should ensure interoperability for third-party providers of number ‑ independent interpersonal communications services that offer or intend to offer their number ‑ independent interpersonal communications services to end users and business users in the Union.

Enforcement of the legislation

The Commission is the sole authority empowered to enforce this Regulation. In order to support the Commission, it should be possible for Member States to empower their national competent authorities enforcing competition rules to conduct investigations into possible non-compliance by gatekeepers with certain obligations under this Regulation.

In order to ensure coherence and effective complementarity in the implementation of this Regulation and of other sectoral regulations applicable to gatekeepers, the Commission should benefit from the expertise of a dedicated high-level group . It should be possible for that high-level group to also assist the Commission by means of advice, expertise and recommendations, when relevant, in general matters relating to the implementation or enforcement of this Regulation.

The Commission may also develop guidelines to provide further guidance on different aspects of the Regulation or to assist undertakings providing core platform services in implementing the obligations under the Regulation.

Fines

In order to ensure that the new rules relating to the legislation are properly implemented, the Commission should be able to conduct market investigations. If a gatekeeper fails to comply with the rules, the Commission may impose fines of up to 10% of its total worldwide turnover in the previous financial year, or even 20% in the case of repeated breaches.

Whistleblowers should be able to bring new information to the attention of the competent authorities which may help them to detect infringements of this Regulation and enable them to impose penalties.

Documents
2022/07/04
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/05/15
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2022/05/11
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2022/05/11
   EP - Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2021/12/15
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 642 votes to 8, with 46 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on contestable and fair markets in the digital sector (Digital Markets Act).

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for inter-institutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary concern the following points:

Subject matter and scope

This purpose of the proposed regulation is to contribute to the proper functioning of the internal market by laying down harmonised rules ensuring contestable and fair markets for all businesses to the benefit of both business users and end users in the digital sector across the Union where gatekeepers are present so as to foster innovation and increase consumer welfare.

Designation of gatekeepers

The proposed regulation will apply to the major companies providing so-called ‘ core platform services ’ most prone to unfair practices. These include online intermediation services, social networks, search engines, operating systems such as on smart devices, internet of things or embedded digital services in vehicles, online social networking, video sharing platform services and number-independent interpersonal communication services, cloud computing services.

Members also included in the scope of the digital market act web browsers, virtual assistants and connected TV.

Quantitative thresholds

Members also amended the Commission’s proposal to increase the quantitative thresholds for a company to fall under the scope of the digital markets act to EUR 8 billion in the last three financial year (as opposed to EUR 6.5 billion) in annual turnover in the European Economic Area (EEA) and a market capitalisation of EUR 80 billion in the last financial year (as opposed to 65 billion as proposed by the Commission).

To qualify as a gatekeeper, companies would also need to provide a core platform service in at least three EU countries and have at least 45 million monthly end users , as well as more than 10 000 business users . A list of indicators to be used by the providers of core platforms services when measuring monthly end users and yearly business users should be provided in an Annex to the proposed Regulation.

The Commission should designate as gatekeeper any undertaking providing core platform services, excluding micro, small and medium-sized enterprises, meeting each of the requirements. In conducting its assessment, the Commission should take into account foreseeable developments of these elements including any planned concentrations involving another provider of core platform services or of any other services provided in the digital sector.

Obligations for gatekeepers

Parliament introduced new obligations and prohibitions directly applicable to market ‘gatekeepers’.

In respect of each of its core platform services, a gatekeeper should refrain from imposing unfair conditions on businesses and consumers. Members included additional requirements on the use of data for targeted or micro-targeted advertising and the interoperability of services , e.g. number-independent interpersonal communication services and social network services.

An amendment stipulates that a gatekeeper should, for its own commercial purposes, and the placement of third-party advertising in its own services, refrain from combining personal data for the purpose of delivering targeted or micro-targeted advertising , except if there is a clear, explicit, renewed, informed consent, in line with the General Data Protection Regulation. Moreover, according to Members, personal data of minors should not be processed for commercial purposes, such as direct marketing, profiling and behaviourally targeted advertising.

The proposal would give users the ability to un-install pre-installed software applications, such as apps, at any time on a basic platform service.

Killer acquisitions

The Commission might prohibit gatekeepers from engaging on acquisitions (including ‘killer-acquisitions’) in the areas relevant to this regulation such as digital or to the use of data related sectors e.g. gaming, research institutes, consumer goods, fitness devices, health tracking financial services, and for a limited period of time where this is necessary and proportionate to undue the damage caused by repeated infringements or to prevent further damage to the contestability and fairness of the internal market.

An amendment stipulates that adequate mechanisms should be put in place to enable whistleblowers to alert the competent authorities of potential or actual breaches of the Regulation and to protect them against retaliation.

EU level cooperation and fines

Members introduced the creation of a ‘European High-Level Group of Digital Regulators’ to facilitate cooperation and coordination between the Commission and Member States in their enforcement decisions. Establishing that group of regulators should enable the exchange of information and best practices among the Members States and enhance better monitoring and thus strengthen the implementation of this Regulation.

Regarding fines, Members proposed that Commission may impose on a gatekeeper fines not less than 4% and not exceeding 20% of its total worldwide turnover in the preceding financial year where it finds that the gatekeeper, intentionally or negligently, fails to comply with the obligation to provide within a time-limit, which shall not be less than three months, information that is required for assessing an undertaking’s designation as a gatekeeper or supplies incorrect, or misleading information.

Documents
2021/12/15
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2021/12/14
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/11/30
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection adopted the by Andreas SCHWAB (EPP, DE) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on contestable and fair markets in the digital sector (Digital Markets Act).

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure be amended as follows.

Firstly, as a reminder, digital services in general and online platforms in particular play an increasingly important role in the economy, in particular in the internal market, by providing business users with gateways to reach end users throughout the Union and beyond, by facilitating cross-border trade and by opening entirely new business opportunities to a large number of companies in the Union to the benefit of Union’s consumers.

Scope

This purpose of the proposed regulation is to contribute to the proper functioning of the internal market by laying down harmonised rules ensuring contestable and fair markets for all businesses to the benefit of both business users and end users in the digital sector across the Union where gatekeepers are present so as to foster innovation and increase consumer welfare.

Designation of gatekeepers

The proposed regulation will apply to the major companies providing so-called ‘core platform services’ most prone to unfair practices. These include online intermediation services, social networks, search engines, operating systems, online advertising services, cloud computing, and video-sharing services, which meet the relevant criteria to be designated as ‘gatekeepers’. Members also included in the scope of the digital market act web browsers, virtual assistants and connected TV.

Members also amended the Commission’s proposal to increase the quantitative thresholds for a company to fall under the scope of the digital markets act to EUR 8 billion (as opposed to EUR 6.5 billion) in annual turnover in the European Economic Area (EEA) and a market capitalisation of EUR 80 billion (as opposed to 65 billion as proposed by the Commission).

To qualify as a gatekeeper, companies would also need to provide a core platform service in at least three EU countries and have at least 45 million monthly end users , as well as more than 10 000 business users . A list of indicators to be used by the providers of core platforms services when measuring monthly end users and yearly business users should be provided in an Annex to the proposed Regulation.

Obligations for gatekeepers

In respect of each of its core platform services, a gatekeeper should refrain from imposing unfair conditions on businesses and consumers. Members included additional requirements on the use of data for targeted or micro-targeted advertising and the interoperability of services, e.g. number-independent interpersonal communication services and social network services.

The proposal stipulates that a gatekeeper should, for its own commercial purposes, and the placement of third-party advertising in its own services, refrain from combining personal data for the purpose of delivering targeted or micro-targeted advertising, except if there is a clear, explicit, renewed, informed consent, in line with the General Data Protection Regulation. Moreover, according to Members, personal data of minors should not be processed for commercial purposes, such as direct marketing, profiling and behaviourally targeted advertising.

EU level cooperation and fines

Members introduced the creation of a ‘European High-Level Group of Digital Regulators’ to facilitate cooperation and coordination between the Commission and Member States in their enforcement decisions. Establishing that group of regulators should enable the exchange of information and best practices among the Members States and enhance better monitoring and thus strengthen the implementation of this Regulation.

Regarding fines , Members proposed that Commission may impose on a gatekeeper fines not less than 4% and not exceeding 20% of its total worldwide turnover in the preceding financial year where it finds that the gatekeeper, intentionally or negligently, fails to comply

with the obligation to provide within a time-limit, which shall not be less than three months, information that is required for assessing an undertaking’s designation as a gatekeeper or supplies incorrect, or misleading information.

Documents
2021/11/24
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/11/23
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2021/11/05
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/10/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/10/18
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/10/12
   FR_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/10/04
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/09/29
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/07/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/01
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2021/06/30
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2021/06/01
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/05/20
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2021/05/10
   EP - WÖLKEN Tiemo (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2021/05/10
   EP - YON-COURTIN Stéphanie (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2021/04/22
   EP - KOVAŘÍK Ondřej (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2021/04/05
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2021/03/29
   EP - FERBER Markus (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2021/03/21
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/03/18
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/03/18
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/03/18
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/02/24
   CZ_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2021/02/10
   EDPS - Document attached to the procedure
2021/02/09
   EP - KAMMEREVERT Petra (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2021/02/08
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/01/28
   EP - SCHWAB Andreas (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2021/01/19
   EP - ZORRINHO Carlos (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2020/12/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2020/12/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2020/12/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2020/12/15
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to ensure the proper functioning of the internal market by promoting effective competition in digital markets and in particular a fair and contestable online platform environment (Digital Markets Act).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: digital services cover a wide range of daily activities including online intermediation services, such as online marketplaces, online social networking services, online search engines, operating systems or software application stores. They increase consumer choice, improve efficiency and competitiveness of industry and can enhance civil participation in society. However, whereas over 10 000 online platforms operate in Europe’s digital economy, most of which are SMEs, a small number of large online platforms capture the biggest share of the overall value generated.

These large platforms increasingly act as gateways or gatekeepers between business users and end users and enjoy an entrenched and durable position. The proposed Digital Markets Act aims at preventing gatekeepers from imposing unfair conditions on businesses and consumers and at ensuring the openness of important digital services.

Common rules across the single market are needed to foster innovation, growth and competitiveness, and facilitate the scaling up of smaller platforms, small and medium-sized enterprises and start-ups who will have a single, clear framework at EU level.

The proposed Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act encompass a single set of new rules applicable across the whole EU. They will create a safer and more open digital space, with European values at its centre.

CONTENT: the aim of the proposed regulation is to lay down harmonised rules ensuring contestable and fair markets in the digital sector across the EU where gatekeepers are present. It should apply to core platform services provided or offered by gatekeepers to business users established in the EU or end users established or located in the Union, irrespective of the place of establishment or residence of the gatekeepers and irrespective of the law otherwise applicable to the provision of service.

Its main objectives are:

- to address market failures to ensure contestable and competitive digital markets for increased innovation and consumer choice;

- to address gatekeepers’ unfair conduct;

- to enhance coherence and legal certainty to preserve the internal market.

Specific provisions of the proposal

The proposal:

- should only apply to large companies that would be designated as ‘gatekeepers’. For this purpose, it contains the provisions concerning the designation of gatekeepers. More specifically, it establishes the conditions under which providers of core platform services should be designated as gatekeepers either based on the quantitative criteria (through a presumption subject to counter-demonstration) or following a case-by-case assessment during a market investigation;

- sets out the practices of gatekeepers that limit contestability and that are unfair;

- provides rules for carrying out market investigations: (i) designation of a gatekeeper; (ii) investigation of systematic non-compliance and (iii) investigation of new core platform services and new practices;

- contains the provisions concerning the implementation and enforcement of this Regulation. These include the Commission's ability to request information, to conduct interviews and make statements and on-site inspections, to adopt interim measures and to make voluntary measures binding on the gate-keepers. In case of non-compliance, the Commission can issue non-compliance decisions, as well as impose fines and periodic penalty payments for breaches of the Regulation.

Budgetary implications

The total financial resources necessary for the implementation of the proposal in the 2021-2027 period should amount to EUR 81.090 million, including EUR 50.640 million of administrative costs and EUR 30.450 million entirely covered by the allocations foreseen in the multiannual financial framework 2021-2027 under the financial envelopes of the Single Market Programme and the Digital Europe Programme. The financing should support inter alia activities such as carrying out the designation of providers of core platform services, carrying out market investigations and performing any other investigative actions, enforcement actions and monitoring activities.

Documents

Activities

Votes

Législation sur les marchés numériques - Digital Markets Act - Gesetz über digitale Märkte - A9-0332/2021 - Andreas Schwab - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote en bloc - Am 1-21 24-79 81-103 105-109 111-117 119-126 129-151 153-229 #

2021/12/14 Outcome: +: 651, 0: 40, -: 5
DE FR ES PL IT RO NL HU BE SE AT PT EL BG FI DK CZ IE LT HR SK SI LV EE MT CY LU
Total
92
78
59
52
75
33
29
21
21
20
19
21
20
17
14
14
21
13
11
12
14
8
7
7
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
176

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Greece S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
100

Poland Renew

1

Italy Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden ECR

Abstain (1)

3

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: ID ID
70

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Czechia The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
35

Germany NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

A9-0332/2021 - Andreas Schwab - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 127/1 #

2021/12/14 Outcome: +: 677, 0: 13, -: 6
DE FR IT ES PL RO CZ HU PT NL AT EL BE BG SE DK IE SK FI LT HR SI LV EE MT CY LU
Total
92
78
75
59
52
33
21
21
21
29
19
20
21
17
20
14
13
14
14
11
12
8
7
7
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
176

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
100

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1
3

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
70

Czechia ID

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
3

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Czechia The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
35

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

A9-0332/2021 - Andreas Schwab - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 127/2 #

2021/12/14 Outcome: +: 533, -: 149, 0: 14
IT PL ES DE RO HU BG NL SK CZ PT HR SE SI BE LT AT EL MT DK LV EE LU FI CY IE FR
Total
75
52
59
92
33
21
17
29
14
21
21
12
20
8
21
11
19
20
6
14
7
7
6
14
6
13
78
icon: PPE PPE
176

Hungary PPE

1

Malta PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2
2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
100

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1
3

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2
icon: ECR ECR
64

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

1
3

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: NI NI
35

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1
icon: ID ID
70

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

A9-0332/2021 - Andreas Schwab - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 128/1 #

2021/12/14 Outcome: +: 670, 0: 20, -: 6
DE FR IT ES PL RO CZ HU PT NL AT EL BE BG SE DK IE SK FI LT HR SI LV EE MT CY LU
Total
92
78
75
59
52
33
21
21
21
29
19
20
21
17
20
14
13
14
14
11
12
8
7
7
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
176

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
100

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1
3

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
70

Czechia ID

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
3

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Czechia The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
35

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

A9-0332/2021 - Andreas Schwab - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 128/2 #

2021/12/14 Outcome: +: 526, -: 149, 0: 21
IT PL ES RO DE HU BG NL SK CZ PT HR SE SI BE LT AT EL MT DK LV EE LU FI CY IE FR
Total
75
52
59
33
92
21
17
29
14
21
21
12
20
8
21
11
19
20
6
14
7
7
6
14
6
13
78
icon: PPE PPE
176

Hungary PPE

1

Malta PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2
2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
100

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1
3

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2
icon: ECR ECR
64

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

1
3

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: NI NI
35

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1
icon: ID ID
70

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

A9-0332/2021 - Andreas Schwab - Article 1, § 2 - Am 231 #

2021/12/14 Outcome: +: 347, -: 317, 0: 32
IT FR DE ES PT BE AT SE DK MT CY EL FI EE LT IE LU HR NL LV SI HU SK BG CZ PL RO
Total
75
78
92
59
21
21
19
20
14
6
6
20
14
7
11
13
6
12
29
7
8
21
14
17
21
52
33
icon: S&D S&D
142

Cyprus S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
70
3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

Abstain (2)