BETA


2020/2002(INI) EU-African security cooperation in the Sahel region, West Africa and the Horn of Africa

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET NART Javier (icon: Renew Renew) ZOVKO Željana (icon: EPP EPP), LÓPEZ Javi (icon: S&D S&D), BERG Lars Patrick (icon: ID ID), ALAMETSÄ Alviina (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), FOTYGA Anna (icon: ECR ECR), WALLACE Mick (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion DEVE TOBÉ Tomas (icon: EPP EPP) Norbert NEUSER (icon: S&D S&D), Miguel URBÁN CRESPO (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Pierrette HERZBERGER-FOFANA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Beata KEMPA (icon: ECR ECR), Gianna GANCIA (icon: ID ID), Chrysoula ZACHAROPOULOU (icon: RE RE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2020/09/17
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2020/09/16
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
Documents
2020/09/16
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2020/07/01
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted an own-initiative report by Javier NART (Renew, ES) on EU-African security cooperation in the Sahel region, West Africa and the Horn of Africa.

The report stressed the need to establish a strong nexus between security, development, and humanitarian intervention is essential for the sustainable development of the Sahel, West Africa and Horn of Africa regions.

European Union action

Members called on the Commission, the Council and the Vice President/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) to coordinate the development, humanitarian and security strategies in which they are involved as part of an integrated strategy leading to independent African ownership in security and defence affairs.

The report welcomed the EU's comprehensive engagement in the Sahel, West Africa and the Horn of Africa and the contribution of Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations to peace, security and international stability. It nevertheless stressed the need to: (i) adapt the financial and administrative rules, as well as political decision-making process, in order to increase the speed of and effectiveness of the response to crises; (ii) strengthen CSDP missions and operations, as well as the EU’s overall communication and strategic planning policy, in order to increase the visibility of the EU’s actions.

Members welcomed the proposal to create, under the EU's CFSP, an instrument to finance military and defence cooperation with third countries and international organisations. In view of the current situation in Africa, they called on the Council to adopt, without delay, the decision needed to create this new instrument to support the capabilities of African armed forces.

Members called for the format of the EUTM Mali, EUTM CAR and EUTM Somalia training missions to be redefined to better adapt them to the real needs of the armed forces and populations of the beneficiary countries. They also called on the EU to help the G5 Sahel Joint Force, a key instrument in the fight against terrorism, jihadist activities and threats to regional security, to become operational by providing financial assistance. They supported the African Union's intention to send 3000 soldiers to support the G5 Sahel in combating armed groups.

Good governance

Welcoming the EU strategy for the Horn of Africa, which covers not only security and humanitarian aid policies, but also longer-term development policies and the Millennium Development Goals, Members stressed the importance of a long-term vision for development policies. They called on the Commission and Member States to coordinate their policies in this respect and to employ joint programming for the various countries and the region as soon as possible.

The report stressed that meaningful security cooperation between the EU and Africa must be based on sustainable development, with particular emphasis on:

- the consolidation of democracy by ensuring responsible democratic systems of governance through effective parliamentary scrutiny, democratic institutions and the rule of law, as well as guaranteeing all civil liberties;

- ending conflicts and preventing their recurrence;

- the development of youth-oriented policies that promote economic development and the creation of employment opportunities;

- support preventive stabilisation action plans;

- empowering women through recognition of their role as agents of change in African communities;

- the provision of basic services, including health, food security, water, sanitation and hygiene, social protection and support to displaced populations, in order to increase citizens' confidence in the state;

- ensuring administrative security and legal stability;

- the eradication of poverty, impunity and corruption;

- tackling the effects of climate change,

- the promotion of sustainable agricultural practices.

The report stressed that an integrated approach to peace, security and sustainable development requires the meaningful involvement of local civil society actors. It stressed the importance of partnership with the United Nations, cooperation with other international institutions, including the African Union, and dialogue with other regional organisations.

Stressing that Communist China and authoritarian Russia had adopted different approaches in their relations with African countries, in opposition to EU action, Members called on the Commission to improve public diplomacy efforts in order to explain EU security support in Africa more effectively as a contribution to the African development strategy 2063.

Documents
2020/06/22
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2020/06/02
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2020/05/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/05/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/04/14
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/02/20
   EP - TOBÉ Tomas (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2020/01/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2019/11/12
   EP - NART Javier (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Votes

A9-0129/2020 - Javier Nart - Am 1

2020/09/14 Outcome: +: 615, 0: 58, -: 14
DE IT FR ES PL RO SE NL HU BE AT CZ BG SK FI DK PT LT HR EL LV EE SI CY MT IE LU
Total
89
74
78
58
50
32
21
28
21
21
19
21
16
14
14
14
21
11
12
20
8
7
7
6
6
13
6
icon: PPE PPE
185

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

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1
2

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2

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2
icon: S&D S&D
140

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

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1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

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1
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

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1

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

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1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

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2

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1

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1

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3

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
65

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

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2

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1

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1

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3
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4

A9-0129/2020 - Javier Nart - Am 2

2020/09/14 Outcome: +: 596, 0: 70, -: 21
IT DE ES PL FR RO HU BE SE NL CZ AT BG PT SK DK LT FI EL HR LV SI MT LU EE IE CY
Total
74
89
58
50
78
32
21
21
21
28
21
19
16
21
14
14
11
14
20
12
8
7
6
6
7
13
6
icon: PPE PPE
185

Denmark PPE

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1

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2

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2

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2

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1
2
icon: S&D S&D
140

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2

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2

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2

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1

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For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

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2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

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1

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2

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1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

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2

Finland Renew

3

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
65

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

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3

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2

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3

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3

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1

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1

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74

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3

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28

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2

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1

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2
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38

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A9-0129/2020 - Javier Nart - § 46/1

2020/09/14 Outcome: +: 655, -: 27, 0: 5
FR IT DE ES PL RO BE PT HU AT CZ BG EL NL SE SK FI IE LT HR LV EE SI CY DK MT LU
Total
78
74
89
58
50
32
21
21
21
19
21
16
20
28
21
14
14
13
11
12
8
7
7
6
14
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
185

Latvia PPE

2

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1
2

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1

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140

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2

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1
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

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1

Hungary Renew

2

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1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

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1

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3

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
65

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

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3

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3

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2

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1

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icon: ID ID
74
3

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2

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60

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2

A9-0129/2020 - Javier Nart - § 46/2

2020/09/14 Outcome: +: 396, -: 248, 0: 40
DE ES PT FR IE RO BE FI CY NL LU SE LT EE LV EL BG MT HR AT SI DK SK CZ IT HU PL
Total
88
58
21
78
13
32
21
14
6
28
6
21
11
7
8
20
15
6
12
19
7
14
13
21
74
21
50
icon: S&D S&D
138

Cyprus S&D

2

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1

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2

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2
4

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1

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icon: Renew Renew
97

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

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1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

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1

Slovenia Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
65

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

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2

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3

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3

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3

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2

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3
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1
icon: NI NI
28

Germany NI

2

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1

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

2

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1
icon: PPE PPE
184

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Lithuania PPE

Abstain (1)

4

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1

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2

Malta PPE

2

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4

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1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Germany ECR

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1

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4
3

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1

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74

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2

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2

A9-0129/2020 - Javier Nart - Résolution

2020/09/15 Outcome: +: 427, 0: 140, -: 128
PL ES RO IT FR DE BG PT BE NL HR SE SK LT HU AT LV MT SI DK CZ LU EE EL CY FI IE
Total
51
59
30
72
79
96
17
21
21
29
12
21
14
11
20
19
8
6
8
14
21
6
7
21
6
13
13
icon: S&D S&D
144

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2
4

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2

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1

Estonia S&D

2

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2

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2
icon: PPE PPE
181

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

For (1)

4

Denmark PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Abstain (1)

1
2

Finland PPE

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

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1

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1

Slovenia Renew

2

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2

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3

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3

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2
icon: ECR ECR
61

Germany ECR

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2

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2

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2

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1
icon: ID ID
76

Netherlands ID

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1

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3

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1

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2

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2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Portugal GUE/NGL

4

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Spain Verts/ALE

3

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1

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3

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3

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3

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AmendmentsDossier
489 2020/2002(INI)
2020/05/07 AFET 489 amendments...