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Events

2020/10/20
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2020/10/20
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 637 votes to 26, with 28 abstentions, a resolution with recommendations to the Commission on a Digital Services Act: adapting commercial and civil law rules for commercial entities operating online.

Parliament called on the Commission to present without delay a package of legislative proposals constituting a digital services act with an adequate material, personal and territorial scope, defining the key concepts and including the recommendations made in its resolution.

Digital services act

The new digital services act should include a Regulation establishing contractual rights for content management, setting transparent, fair, binding and uniform standards and procedures for content moderation, and ensuring independent and affordable access to judicial redress.

The requested proposal for a Regulation should apply to platforms that host and manage content accessible to the public on websites or through applications within the Union, irrespective of their place of establishment or registration or their principal place of business.

Content moderation principles

Parliament stressed the need to better protect consumers by providing reliable and transparent information on examples of malpractice, such as misleading claims and scams. It considered that the that the use of targeted advertising must be regulated more strictly in favour of less intrusive forms of advertising that do not require any tracking of user interaction with content and that being shown behavioural advertising should be conditional on users’ freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous consent.

Furthermore, the proposed Regulation should prohibit content moderation practices which are discriminatory, in particular against the most vulnerable persons, and should respect at all times the fundamental rights and freedoms of users, in particular freedom of expression.

Content hosting platforms should:

- be accountable for ensuring that their content management practices are fair, transparent and proportionate;

- provide users with sufficient information on their content curation profiles and the individual criteria according to which content hosting platforms curate content for them, including information as to whether algorithms are used and their objectives;

- provide users with an appropriate degree of influence over the curation of content made visible to them, including the choice of opting out of content curation altogether.

Transparency obligations

The proposed Regulation should oblige digital service providers to take the necessary measures to allow the disclosure of the funding of any interest groups with which the users of the providers’ digital services are associated, thus enabling the person who is legally responsible to be identified.

Commercial digital service providers who are established outside the Union should designate a legal representative for the purposes of user interests within the Union and make the contact information of that representative visible and accessible on their online platforms.

Notice procedures

Content hosting platforms should include in their terms and conditions clear, accessible, intelligible and unambiguous information regarding notice procedures.

Upon a notice being issued, and before any decision on the content has been made, the uploader of the content in question should receive the reason for the notice. All parties concerned should be informed of the decision resulting from a notification. Content hosting platforms should act expeditiously to make unavailable or remove content which is manifestly illegal.

Independent dispute settlement

Parliament recommended that Member States should provide independent dispute settlement bodies for the purpose of providing quick and efficient extra-judicial recourse when decisions on content moderation are appealed against.

In order to protect anonymous publications and the general interest, not only the user who uploaded the content that is the subject of a dispute but also a third party, such as an ombudsperson,

with a legitimate interest in acting should be able to challenge content moderation decisions. Users should have the right to take legal action at a later stage.

Reports

Members proposed that the platforms should: (i) submit detailed transparency reports to the European entity on a regular basis, based on a consistent methodology and assessed in the light of performance indicators, including on their content policies and (ii) publish these reports and their content management policies in an accessible manner in a publicly accessible database.

Smart contracts and blockchains

The Commission is called on to assess the development and use of distributed ledger technologies, including blockchain and, in particular, of smart contracts, provide guidance to ensure legal certainty for business and consumers, in particular regarding questions of legality, enforcement of smart contracts in cross border situations, and notarisation requirements where applicable, and make proposals for the appropriate legal framework.

Documents
2020/10/20
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2020/10/19
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2020/10/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2020/10/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2020/10/01
   EP - Vote in committee
2020/07/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/07/09
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/06/05
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/06/05
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/04/22
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/02/19
   EP - KAMMEREVERT Petra (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2020/02/18
   EP - CHARANZOVÁ Dita (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2020/01/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2020/01/16
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2020/01/15
   EP - WÖLKEN Tiemo (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in JURI

Documents

Votes

A9-0177/2020 - Tiemo Wölken - Am 2 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: -: 532, +: 148, 0: 15
IT CY EL IE LU MT EE FI LV SI SK HR DK BE LT PT AT SE CZ BG HU FR NL ES RO PL DE
Total
74
6
20
12
6
5
7
13
8
8
14
12
14
21
11
21
19
20
21
17
21
78
29
59
33
51
95
icon: ID ID
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Estonia ID

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1

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1

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icon: NI NI
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Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

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2

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1

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1

Germany NI

2
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A9-0177/2020 - Tiemo Wölken - Am 3 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: -: 579, +: 101, 0: 15
EL CY IE MT LU EE FI LV SI HR DK BE SK LT PT AT CZ BG SE HU FR NL ES RO IT PL DE
Total
20
6
12
5
6
7
13
8
8
12
14
21
14
11
21
19
21
17
20
21
78
29
59
33
74
51
95
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1
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29

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2

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2

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1

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1

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2
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A9-0177/2020 - Tiemo Wölken - § 8/1 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: +: 617, -: 41, 0: 37
FR DE ES PL IT RO HU PT AT BG EL BE DK SE SK LT IE FI HR NL LV SI CY LU CZ MT EE
Total
78
95
59
51
74
33
21
21
19
17
20
21
14
20
14
11
12
13
12
29
8
8
6
6
21
5
7
icon: PPE PPE
184

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2
2

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2

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2

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1
icon: S&D S&D
142

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2

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2

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2

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2

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2

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icon: Renew Renew
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1

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1

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2

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3

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1

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1

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2

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2

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3
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3

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1

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1

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3

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2

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3

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1

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1

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3
icon: ECR ECR
62

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1

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1

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2

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1
3

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1

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4

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A9-0177/2020 - Tiemo Wölken - § 8/2 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: +: 630, 0: 41, -: 24
FR DE ES PL IT RO BE NL HU PT BG CZ EL AT SE DK SK LT IE FI HR LV SI CY EE MT LU
Total
78
95
59
51
74
33
21
29
21
21
17
21
20
19
20
14
14
11
12
13
12
8
8
6
7
5
6
icon: PPE PPE
184

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2
2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

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2

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3

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

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3

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1

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3

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3

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1

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3

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3

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3

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2

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2

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2

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3

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Germany ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

4

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
3

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

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1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

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1

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1

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4

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1

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1

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1

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4

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1

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icon: NI NI
29

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2

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1

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1

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2
icon: ID ID
73

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1

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2

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3

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1

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1

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1

A9-0177/2020 - Tiemo Wölken - § 8/3 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: +: 547, -: 133, 0: 15
DE PL ES FR RO HU EL BG PT AT SE LT IE HR LV SI BE FI MT LU CY DK SK IT NL EE CZ
Total
95
51
59
78
33
21
20
17
21
19
20
11
12
12
8
8
21
13
5
6
6
14
14
74
29
7
21
icon: PPE PPE
184

Latvia PPE

2

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

4

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2
2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Slovakia PPE

Against (1)

5

Estonia PPE

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1
icon: S&D S&D
142

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2

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2

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2

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2

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1

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2

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

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1

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3

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1

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icon: Renew Renew
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1

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1

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1
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2

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1
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73

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3

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A9-0177/2020 - Tiemo Wölken - § 17/1 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: +: 671, 0: 17, -: 7
DE FR IT ES PL RO BE CZ PT HU NL AT EL SE BG DK FI IE SK LT HR LV SI CY LU EE MT
Total
95
78
74
59
51
33
21
21
21
21
29
19
20
20
17
14
13
12
14
11
12
8
8
6
6
7
5
icon: PPE PPE
184

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2
2

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2

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For (1)

1

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2
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142

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2

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2

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2

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2

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2

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For (1)

1

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2
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

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Austria Renew

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1

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

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3

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3

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62

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