BETA


2020/2080(INI) Recommendation to the Council and the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy concerning the Implementation and governance of Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO)

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET SIKORSKI Radosław (icon: EPP EPP) YONCHEVA Elena (icon: S&D S&D), GROOTHUIS Bart (icon: Renew Renew), WAITZ Thomas (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BONFRISCO Anna (icon: ID ID), WASZCZYKOWSKI Witold Jan (icon: ECR ECR), DEMIREL Özlem (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion AFCO GONZÁLEZ PONS Esteban (icon: EPP EPP) Brando BENIFEI (icon: S&D S&D), Cristian GHINEA (icon: RE RE), Markéta GREGOROVÁ (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Jorge BUXADÉ VILLALBA (icon: ECR ECR), Laura HUHTASAARI (icon: ID ID)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 118

Events

2020/10/20
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2020/10/20
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 464 votes to 90, with 137 abstentions, a recommendation to the Council and the Vice-President of the European Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy on the implementation and governance of permanent structured cooperation (PESCO).

Towards a common EU defence policy

Parliament considered permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) to be an important step towards achieving the objective of gradually developing a common EU defence policy, leading to the establishment of a common defence. PESCO should be used to put into practice the duty of mutual aid and assistance set out in the EU Treaty, in order to better prepare Member States to show solidarity towards another Member State if that State is the object of armed aggression on its territory.

Members stated that the development of a common EU defence strategy is more necessary than ever in a context of multiple and growing threats where no single Member State can protect itself. The PESCO should enhance the Union's capacity to act as an international security provider in order to contribute effectively and credibly to international, regional and European security.

Recommendations

The report recommended, inter alia, that the Council and the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy should:

- underline the importance of seeking conflict resolution as a priority;

- implement the Union's strategic vision, define common threats and strengthen the operational dimension of PESCO;

- prepare a White Paper on the security and defence of the Union;

- ensure coherence between the different EU defence initiatives and operations;

- encourage participating Member States to move from a strictly national view of defence to a European approach and to make structured efforts to increase the use of the European collaborative approach as a priority, as no individual participating Member States has the potential to address identified capacity shortfalls alone;

- increase the EU’s budgetary ambition for the strengthening of defence capabilities, notably through the sufficient financing of the future EDF and Military Mobility in the upcoming multiannual financial framework (MFF);

- ensure that the PSC is effectively used as an instrument towards a sustainable and effective EU defence cooperation, improvement of defence capabilities and interoperability as a common objective, in line with the ambition of greater strategic autonomy of the Union;

- focus PESCO on constructive projects with a genuine European strategic dimension to strengthen Europe's defence industrial and technological base, while stressing the importance of a small number of strategic projects which should be prioritised as they lay the foundations for a more integrated European defence;

- ensure that key capabilities such as future key land, sea, air, cyber and other platforms for the armed forces of the Member States be brought under PESCO or at least be closely connected to it;

- enhance the coherence of EU defence planning and development tools and initiatives.

Governance

Parliament recommended:

- reaffirming the central role of the PSC secretariat as a single point of contact for all projects;

- clarifying the role of the Political and Security Committee in the PESCO process, which is not provided for in the EU Treaty, and ensure, in this context, the central role played by the European Union Military Committee (EUMC) in the provision of ad hoc military advice;

- examining the creation of a European Defence Council based on the current Foreign Affairs Council in Defence Ministers format, which corresponds to the EDA Ministerial Steering Board and the PESCO format of the EU Defence Ministers.

Strengthening Parliament’s powers

Members recommended that Parliament be consulted on the review of PESCO, and that its views be taken into account to ensure greater accountability, transparency and oversight.

In general, Members believe that deepening defence cooperation between Member States at EU level should go hand in hand with strengthening the powers of scrutiny of Member States' parliaments and the European Parliament. The European Parliament should, together with the Council, exercise legislative and budgetary functions, as well as political scrutiny and consultation as provided for in the Treaties.

Documents
2020/10/20
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2020/10/19
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2020/09/30
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2020/09/30
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2020/09/21
   EP - Vote in committee
2020/09/02
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/06/05
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/05/27
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2020/05/26
   EP - GONZÁLEZ PONS Esteban (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFCO
2020/04/02
   EP - SIKORSKI Radosław (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Votes

A9-0165/2020 - Radosław Sikorski - Am 21 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: -: 586, +: 63, 0: 40
IE CY MT AT LU EE FI EL LV SI HR DK LT PT SK BE CZ NL SE BG HU RO FR ES PL DE IT
Total
12
6
5
19
6
7
14
20
8
8
12
13
11
21
14
21
20
27
19
17
21
32
78
58
51
94
75
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
29

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ID ID
73

Austria ID

3

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

4
3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Ireland Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
141

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

3

Belgium S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
182

Cyprus PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0165/2020 - Radosław Sikorski - Am 22 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: -: 551, +: 108, 0: 30
IE EL CY MT AT FI LU LV DK EE SI LT HR SE PT BE NL SK CZ BG HU DE RO ES FR PL IT
Total
12
20
6
5
19
14
6
8
13
7
8
11
12
19
21
21
27
14
20
17
21
94
32
58
78
51
75
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
29

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ID ID
73

Austria ID

3

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1
3

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

4

Slovakia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Ireland Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
141

Greece S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Slovakia S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
182

Cyprus PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

4

A9-0165/2020 - Radosław Sikorski - Am 23 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: -: 525, +: 147, 0: 17
FR IE MT CY FI LU DK EE LV BE AT SI LT DE EL HR SE PT NL SK CZ BG HU RO ES PL IT
Total
78
12
5
6
14
6
13
7
8
21
19
8
11
94
20
12
19
21
27
14
20
17
21
32
58
51
75
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Against (1)

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1
icon: ID ID
73

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
3

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
29

Germany NI

2

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1
3

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

4

Slovakia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
141

Malta S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
182

Malta PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

A9-0165/2020 - Radosław Sikorski - Am 24 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: -: 576, +: 66, 0: 47
IE EL CY MT LU EE FI LV SI HR DK LT SK PT BE CZ AT SE BG HU NL RO DE ES PL IT FR
Total
12
20
6
5
6
7
14
8
8
12
13
11
14
21
21
20
19
19
17
21
27
32
94
58
51
75
78
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
29

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ID ID
73

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2
3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

4

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Ireland Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
141

Greece S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

3

Belgium S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
182

Cyprus PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0165/2020 - Radosław Sikorski - Am 25 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: -: 518, 0: 122, +: 49
IE CY MT LU LV EE SI CZ FI DK LT EL HR PT NL SE SK BE AT BG HU DE RO ES FR PL IT
Total
12
6
5
6
8
7
8
20
14
13
11
20
12
21
27
19
14
21
19
17
21
94
32
58
78
51
75
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
29

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ID ID
73

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3
icon: ECR ECR
62

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

4
3

Slovakia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Ireland Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
141

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Finland S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

3

Belgium S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
182

Cyprus PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0165/2020 - Radosław Sikorski - Am 26 #

2020/10/20 Outcome: -: 602, +: 49, 0: 38
IE EL CY MT LU EE LV SI HR DK LT FI PT SK CZ SE BG BE AT HU NL RO ES PL IT FR DE
Total
12
20
6
5
6
7
8
8
12
13
11
14
21
14
20
19
17
21
19
21
27
32
58
51
75
78
94
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
29

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

2

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ECR ECR
62

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2
3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

4

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
73

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

Against (2)