BETA


Events

2021/01/21
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 526 votes to 43, with 119 abstentions, a resolution on connectivity and EU-Asia relations.

Members noted that considerable economic potential between Europe, Asia and other continents remains untapped owing to a lack of physical and digital infrastructure. The importance of an effective EU Connectivity Strategy has been further underscored by the COVID-19 pandemic, which made both the weaknesses and strengths of the European and global connectivity networks clear to see.

Principles of the Connectivity Strategy

Parliament encouraged the Commission and the European External Action Service (EEAS) to develop an EU Global Connectivity Strategy, which would be an extension of the current EU-Asia Connectivity Strategy. This strategy would strengthen the EU's role as a key geopolitical and geo-economic actor and set the conditions for Europe to cooperate with other countries bilaterally and multilaterally to promote fiscally, economically, socially and environmentally sustainable connectivity.

The Strategy should comprehensively address a broad spectrum of political, economic, cultural, sustainability and security dimensions based on the EU’s fundamental values.

Members invited all European countries to join the EU’s Connectivity Strategy, including countries in the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the Western Balkans and the European Neighbourhood, and to functionally integrate the different developing regions. The UK is also encouraged to join forces with the EU in promoting strategic international connectivity.

Governance of the Strategy

The Strategy should be monitored and coordinated with the pursuit of internal connectivity within the EU and between the EU and its prospective members, such as through the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) or the Three Seas Initiative, strengthening shared values, standards and interests, and providing shared ownership of the Strategy for EU institutions and the Member States.

Parliament proposed to open a regular dialogue on the implementation of the strategy within the Commissioners’ Group for a stronger Europe, which would act as a coordinating body for connectivity. In addition, Parliament, Council, Member States and national parliaments should all be involved in the strategy. The Commission should produce regular progress reports on the implementation of the strategy.

European and Member States’ development banks, investment agencies and export credit agencies should play a central role in managing investment in international connectivity projects.

For the Strategy to be credible, it needs to be equipped with the necessary tools and means to implement it on a scale that matches its ambition. Adequate public resources should be allocated under the 2021-2027 MFF.

Strategy’s priorities

The Strategy should also be clearly focused on a definitive set of priorities such as, inter alia: green transition, transport, digital transformation; health, trade, investment and security.

Connectivity partnerships

Parliament welcomed the establishment of the EU-Japan Partnership on Sustainable Connectivity and Quality Infrastructure, with its focus on sustainable connectivity with the Western Balkans, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Indo-Pacific and Africa. It also welcomed the ongoing negotiations to establish a connectivity partnership with India. It expressed support for a connectivity partnership with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Both Russia and Turkey also have interests in becoming stakeholders in EU-Asia connectivity. Members are willing to partner with them where possible. They regretted however that projects funded by China in Central Asia lack transparency.

Members considered that the EU should strengthen cooperation with the US.

Global connectivity

Parliament strongly emphasised the fact that the Strategy must pay particular attention to connectivity with the European Neighbourhood and with the neighbouring continent of Africa, given its increasingly geopolitical relevance for several global actors.

Lastly, the Commission should present a new communication approach with a clear narrative in order to create adequate visibility and sufficient accountability for EU connectivity policies and their results.

Documents
2021/01/21
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2021/01/19
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2020/12/17
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Reinhard BÜTIKOFER (Greens/EFA) on connectivity and EU-Asia relations.

The report noted that considerable economic potential between Europe, Asia and other continents remains untapped owing to a lack of physical and digital infrastructure. The importance of an effective EU Connectivity Strategy has been further underscored by the COVID-19 pandemic, which made both the weaknesses and strengths of the European and global connectivity networks clear to see.

Principles of the Connectivity Strategy

Connectivity plays in the geopolitical relations of the EU and its Member States and underlines the fact that connectivity, as a fundamental orientation of the European Union, is deeply ingrained in the EU’s approach to domestic and international challenges.

Members urged the Commission and the European External Action Service (EEAS) to create a global EU Connectivity Strategy as an extension of the current EU-Asia Connectivity Strategy with the goal of strengthening the EU’s role as a true and indispensable geopolitical and geo-economic actor.

The Strategy must comprehensively address a broad spectrum of political, economic, cultural, sustainability and security dimensions based on the EU’s fundamental values.

Members invited all European countries to join the EU’s Connectivity Strategy, including countries in the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the Western Balkans and the European Neighbourhood, and to functionally integrate the different developing regions. The UK is also encouraged to join forces with the EU in promoting strategic international connectivity.

Governance of the Strategy

The Strategy must be monitored and coordinated with the pursuit of internal connectivity within the EU and between the EU and its prospective members, such as through the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) or the Three Seas Initiative, strengthening shared values, standards and interests, and providing shared ownership of the Strategy for EU institutions and the Member States.

Stressing the multidimensional nature of the Strategy, which will require effective coordination of existing strategies, policies and projects for international connectivity and interoperability, Members expect existing coordination between the EEAS and the Commission Directorates-General to be enhanced in this regard. Moreover, Parliament, the Council, the Member States and national parliaments should all be involved in the Strategy.

European and Member States’ development banks, investment agencies and export credit agencies should play a central role in managing investment in international connectivity projects.

For the Strategy to be credible, it needs to be equipped with the necessary tools and means to implement it on a scale that matches its ambition. Adequate public resources should be allocated under the 2021-2027 MFF.

Priorities of the Strategy

The Strategy should also be clearly focused on a definitive set of priorities such as, inter alia: green transition, transport, digital transformation; health, trade, investment and security.

Connectivity partnerships

The committee strongly welcomed the establishment of the EU-Japan Partnership on Sustainable Connectivity and Quality Infrastructure, with its focus on sustainable connectivity with the Western Balkans, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Indo-Pacific and Africa. It hopes the EU and Japan will actively promote the connectivity partnership among relevant target groups and manage to kick-start the operationalisation of the partnership in the first half of 2021.

Both Russia and Turkey also have interests in becoming stakeholders in EU-Asia connectivity. Members are willing to partner with them where possible. They regretted however that projects funded by China in Central Asia lack transparency.

Members considered that the EU should strengthen cooperation with the US.

Global connectivity

Members strongly emphasised the fact that the Strategy must pay particular attention to connectivity with the European Neighbourhood and with the neighbouring continent of Africa, given its increasingly geopolitical relevance for several global actors.

Lastly, the Commission should present a new communication approach with a clear narrative in order to create adequate visibility and sufficient accountability for EU connectivity policies and their results.

Documents
2020/12/10
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2020/12/02
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/11/24
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/11/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/10/28
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/09/17
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2020/09/17
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2020/09/11
   EP - DZHAMBAZKI Angel (Unknown Group) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2020/07/02
   EP - KELLY Seán (Unknown Group) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2020/04/02
   EP - BÜTIKOFER Reinhard (Unknown Group) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Votes

A9-0269/2020 - Reinhard Bütikofer - Am 1

2021/01/20 Outcome: +: 601, 0: 72, -: 16
DE ES PL FR IT RO NL HU SE PT AT BG CZ BE EL FI DK SK HR LT IE LV SI EE MT LU CY
Total
92
57
50
78
74
33
29
21
19
20
18
17
21
20
21
14
14
14
12
11
13
8
8
7
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
182

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2
2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
96

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Sweden Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Romania ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

4

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

Abstain (1)

3

Czechia The Left

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Ireland The Left

Abstain (2)

4

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
26

Germany NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ID ID
73

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
326 2020/2115(INI)
2020/10/14 TRAN 72 amendments...
source: 658.991
2020/10/20 INTA 41 amendments...
source: 659.053
2020/11/24 AFET 213 amendments...
source: 661.782

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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