BETA


2020/2216(INI) Shaping the digital future of Europe: removing barriers to the functioning of the digital single market and improving the use of AI for European consumers

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead IMCO CLUNE Deirdre (icon: EPP EPP) GEBHARDT Evelyne (icon: S&D S&D), HAHN Svenja (icon: Renew Renew), KOLAJA Marcel (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BASSO Alessandra (icon: ID ID), ZŁOTOWSKI Kosma (icon: ECR ECR), KONEČNÁ Kateřina (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion INTA BOURGEOIS Geert (icon: ECR ECR) Dita CHARANZOVÁ (icon: RE RE), Miapetra KUMPULA-NATRI (icon: S&D S&D), Emmanuel MAUREL (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Markéta GREGOROVÁ (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Roman HAIDER (icon: ID ID), Jörgen WARBORN (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion FEMM CARVALHO Maria da Graça (icon: EPP EPP) Monika VANA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Jadwiga WIŚNIEWSKA (icon: ECR ECR), Karen MELCHIOR (icon: RE RE), Maria-Manuel LEITÃO-MARQUES (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion ITRE BEER Nicola (icon: Renew Renew) Georg MAYER (icon: ID ID), Evžen TOŠENOVSKÝ (icon: ECR ECR), Henna VIRKKUNEN (icon: PPE PPE), Carlos ZORRINHO (icon: S&D S&D), Elena KOUNTOURA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Mikuláš PEKSA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion TRAN ZŁOTOWSKI Kosma (icon: ECR ECR) Nicola DANTI (icon: RE RE), Kateřina KONEČNÁ (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Tilly METZ (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Sven SCHULZE (icon: PPE PPE), Josianne CUTAJAR (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion AGRI HRISTOV Ivo (icon: S&D S&D) Ruža TOMAŠIĆ (icon: ECR ECR), Petros KOKKALIS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Benoît BITEAU (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Marlene MORTLER (icon: PPE PPE), Adrián VÁZQUEZ LÁZARA (icon: RE RE)
Committee Opinion CULT VERHEYEN Sabine (icon: EPP EPP) Pernando BARRENA ARZA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Marcel KOLAJA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Radka MAXOVÁ (icon: RE RE), Hannes HEIDE (icon: S&D S&D), Elżbieta KRUK (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion JURI WALSMANN Marion (icon: EPP EPP) Gilles LEBRETON (icon: ID ID), Emmanuel MAUREL (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Ibán GARCÍA DEL BLANCO (icon: S&D S&D), Liesje SCHREINEMACHER (icon: RE RE), Patrick BREYER (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion LIBE TARDINO Annalisa (icon: ID ID) Jadwiga WIŚNIEWSKA (icon: ECR ECR), Sergey LAGODINSKY (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Pernando BARRENA ARZA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Andrzej HALICKI (icon: PPE PPE), Dragoş TUDORACHE (icon: RE RE), Katarina BARLEY (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion EMPL ARVANITIS Konstantinos (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL) France JAMET (icon: ID ID), Dragoş PÎSLARU (icon: RE RE), Anna ZALEWSKA (icon: ECR ECR), Kim VAN SPARRENTAK (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Lina GÁLVEZ MUÑOZ (icon: S&D S&D), Miriam LEXMANN (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54, RoP 57

Events

2021/11/09
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2021/05/20
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2021/05/20
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 17, with 105 abstentions, a resolution on shaping the digital future of Europe: removing barriers to the functioning of the digital single market and improving the use of AI for European consumers.

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) brings many benefits but also risks and raises concerns about the ethics, scope and transparency of the collection, use and dissemination of personal data. There is a need to strengthen public trust in AI by providing for respect of fundamental rights, consumer protection, data protection and data security as a default, as well as by encouraging innovation in Europe.

Removing barriers to the functioning of the digital single market

Members believe that the EU's digital policy should create the foundations for Europe's public and private sectors to lead the world in reliable, human-centric digital innovation. A common European strategy is needed to remove unjustified national barriers and provide consumers and businesses with legal clarity that benefits European citizens and enhances competition.

The resolution stressed that the digital transition and emerging technologies such as AI can contribute to achieving the objectives of the EU industrial strategy and the Green Deal and to overcoming some of the difficulties created by the COVID-19 crisis. The Commission is invited to support the adoption of sustainable technology in the realisation of the Green Deal, including by assessing the environmental impact of data sharing and the infrastructure needed to ensure sustainable digital deployment.

Parliament called on the Commission to adopt a balanced, future-proof and evidence-based approach to legislation, respecting the principle of subsidiarity, in order to create a digital single market that delivers public services and is competitive, fair, accessible, technology-neutral, innovation-friendly, consumer-friendly, human-centric and trustworthy, thus building a secure data society and economy.

Stressing the need for substantial investment in AI and other key new technologies, Parliament welcomed the use of EU funding programmes to support the digitalisation of society and industry. It called for increased investment under Next Generation EU, as well as public and private funding.

Members suggested increasing the availability and sharing of non-personal data while ensuring that the risks of increased access to non-personal data, such as de-anonymisation, are limited. Access to more data for SMEs should be encouraged.

In addition, EU legislation should help to support innovation, ensure a high level of consumer protection and improve the rights, trust and security of online users. Clear responsibilities, more transparency and due diligence for online markets would be needed in this respect.

The Commission should update consumer protection legislation to take account of the impact of new technologies and the potential harm to consumers, in particular for the most vulnerable groups, and taking into account the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Improving the use of AI for European consumers

In order to benefit from AI, the Commission, Member States, the private sector, civil society and the scientific community must all work together effectively to create an ecosystem for safe human-centric AI that will benefit the whole society.

Parliament drew attention to the fact that citizens do not always understand the processes by which advanced algorithmic and artificial intelligence systems make decisions. Consumers therefore need a clear and predictable legal framework in the event of a product malfunction.

Members stressed the importance of ensuring that there is an appropriate degree of human control over algorithmic decision-making, ensuring that effective redress mechanisms are in place and empowering consumers by training them in basic AI skills. A mandatory information provision should indicate whether consumers are interacting with AI systems.

Parliament called on the Commission to regulate AI technologies in a comprehensive way to prevent unfair or abusive use of these systems. Any regulatory framework for AI should aim at creating an internal market for safe and reliable products, applications and services. This framework should be based on an ethical, human-centric and fundamental rights-based approach throughout the design, production and life cycle of products.

Members believe that AI used in a high-risk context should only be deployed for specific purposes, in full compliance with applicable law, and be subject to transparency obligations. Furthermore, AI should avoid biases leading to prohibited discrimination.

Parliament called on the EU to cooperate more closely with its partners, for example in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the WTO, to establish global standards for AI. It supported cooperation on international regulations, including the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence, and in this context supported work on a transatlantic agreement on AI.

The resolution also highlighted the immense potential of AI in the transport sector and its ability to increase automation in road, rail, waterborne and air transport. It called on Member States to include projects on the digital transition of transport in their recovery plans.

AI will play a key role in solving agricultural production and food supply problems.

Monitoring with automated and digital tools can help reduce the environmental and climate footprint of agriculture. Members called for increased resources and investment in the agricultural sector for these purposes.

Lastly, pointing out that the fourth industrial revolution will depend, among other things, on access to raw materials such as lithium and rare earths, Parliament called for the EU to reduce its dependence on such imports by limiting its absolute consumption and building on its own environmentally responsible mining activities. It suggested a more proactive circular economy policy applied to digital devices and semiconductors.

Documents
2021/05/19
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/04/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2021/04/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2021/04/14
   EP - Vote in committee
2021/03/30
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/03/23
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/03/22
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/03/16
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/03/03
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/03/01
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/02/25
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/02/25
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/02/15
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/01/26
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/12/09
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/12/01
   EP - CARVALHO Maria da Graça (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM
2020/10/29
   EP - BOURGEOIS Geert (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2020/10/22
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2020/10/22
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2020/10/12
   EP - WALSMANN Marion (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2020/09/01
   EP - CLUNE Deirdre (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2020/07/01
   EP - BEER Nicola (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2020/06/29
   EP - VERHEYEN Sabine (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2020/06/03
   EP - ZŁOTOWSKI Kosma (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2020/05/27
   EP - ARVANITIS Konstantinos (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2020/05/12
   EP - TARDINO Annalisa (ID) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2020/04/06
   EP - HRISTOV Ivo (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI

Documents

Activities

Votes

Avenir numérique de l’Europe: marché unique numérique et utilisation de l’IA pour les consommateurs européens - Digital future of Europe: digital single market and use of AI for European consumers - Digitale Zukunft Europas: digitaler Binnenmarkt und Einsatz von KI für europäische Verbraucher - A9-0149/2021 - Deirdre Clune - § 9/1 #

2021/05/19 Outcome: +: 674, -: 16, 0: 4
DE FR IT ES PL RO NL HU SE BG CZ EL PT BE SK FI AT IE LT DK HR LV SI MT CY LU EE
Total
94
79
74
59
50
32
29
21
20
17
21
20
21
21
14
14
19
13
11
13
11
8
8
6
6
6
7
icon: PPE PPE
174

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2
3

Slovakia Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: ID ID
73

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Portugal The Left

4

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
36

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

A9-0149/2021 - Deirdre Clune - § 9/2 #

2021/05/19 Outcome: +: 546, -: 120, 0: 28
IT PL ES RO DE HU NL BG FR BE AT SK SE CZ PT HR DK SI LT EE LV FI MT EL LU CY IE
Total
74
50
59
32
94
21
29
17
79
21
19
14
20
21
21
11
13
8
11
7
8
14
6
20
6
6
13
icon: PPE PPE
174

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2
2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2
3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2
icon: ECR ECR
61

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
icon: ID ID
73

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2
icon: NI NI
36

Germany NI

3

Netherlands NI

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

A9-0149/2021 - Deirdre Clune - § 11/1 #

2021/05/19 Outcome: +: 676, -: 10, 0: 8
DE FR IT ES PL RO NL HU PT CZ AT EL BG SE FI DK IE SK LT HR BE LV SI EE MT CY LU
Total
94
79
74
59
50
32
29
21
21
21
19
20
17
20
14
13
13
14
11
11
21
8
8
7
6
6
6
icon: PPE PPE
174

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1
3

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
73

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2
3

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Romania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
3

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
36

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

A9-0149/2021 - Deirdre Clune - § 11/2 #

2021/05/19 Outcome: +: 544, -: 144, 0: 6
IT PL FR ES RO HU NL BG SK BE DE PT CZ HR SE SI LT AT DK LV FI MT EE EL LU CY IE
Total
74
50
79
59
32
21
29
17
14
21
94
21
21
11
20
8
11
19
13
8
14
6
7
20
6
6
13
icon: PPE PPE
174

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2
2
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1
3

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2
icon: ECR ECR
61

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1
3

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
icon: ID ID
73

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
36

Netherlands NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Germany NI

3

Croatia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

A9-0149/2021 - Deirdre Clune - § 12/1 #

2021/05/19 Outcome: +: 667, -: 21, 0: 6
DE FR IT ES PL RO NL HU BG CZ SE EL FI BE AT IE SK LT DK HR PT LV SI MT CY LU EE
Total
94
79
74
59
50
32
29
21
17
21
20
20
14
21
19
13
14
11
13
11
21
8
8
6
6
6
7
icon: PPE PPE
174

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2
3

Finland Renew

3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
3

Greece ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: ID ID
73

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
36

Netherlands NI

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

A9-0149/2021 - Deirdre Clune - § 12/2 #

2021/05/19 Outcome: +: 381, -: 309, 0: 4
PL RO CZ HU SK BE BG NL SI LT HR AT DK EE LU LV FI ES PT IE EL MT CY SE DE FR IT
Total
50
32
21
21
14
21
17
29
8
11
11
19
13
7
6
8
14
59
21
13
20
6
6
20
94
79
74
icon: PPE PPE
174

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Hungary Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2
3

Italy Renew

2
icon: ECR ECR
61

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
3
icon: NI NI
36

Slovakia NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Germany NI

3
icon: The Left The Left
38

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Ireland The Left

4

Cyprus The Left

2

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
73

Czechia ID

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Germany Verts/ALE