2020/2217(INI) A European strategy for data

Progress: Procedure completed

Lead ITRE KUMPULA-NATRI Miapetra (icon: S&D S&D) MAYDELL Eva (icon: EPP EPP), DANTI Nicola (icon: Renew Renew), MÉLIN Joëlle (icon: ID ID), BOESELAGER Damian (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen (icon: ECR ECR), BOMPARD Manuel (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion INTA
Committee Opinion EMPL
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion IMCO SCHALDEMOSE Christel (icon: S&D S&D) Andrus ANSIP (icon: RE RE), Pablo ARIAS ECHEVERRÍA (icon: PPE PPE), Anne-Sophie PELLETIER (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Eugen JURZYCA (icon: ECR ECR), Virginie JORON (icon: ID ID), David CORMAND (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion TRAN HAIDER Roman (icon: ID ID) Jakop G. DALUNDE (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Kosma ZŁOTOWSKI (icon: ECR ECR), Josianne CUTAJAR (icon: S&D S&D), Pierre KARLESKIND (icon: RE RE), Anne-Sophie PELLETIER (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Jörgen WARBORN (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion AGRI ZOIDO ÁLVAREZ Juan Ignacio (icon: EPP EPP) Gilles LEBRETON (icon: ID ID), Tonino PICULA (icon: S&D S&D), Francisco GUERREIRO (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Petros KOKKALIS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Krzysztof JURGIEL (icon: ECR ECR), Adrián VÁZQUEZ LÁZARA (icon: RE RE)
Committee Opinion CULT MAXOVÁ Radka (icon: Renew Renew) Martina MICHELS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Pina PICIERNO (icon: S&D S&D), François-Xavier BELLAMY (icon: PPE PPE), Marcel KOLAJA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Dace MELBĀRDE (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion JURI VOSS Axel (icon: EPP EPP) Tiemo WÖLKEN (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion LIBE KALJURAND Marina (icon: S&D S&D) Cornelia ERNST (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Sergey LAGODINSKY (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Beata KEMPA (icon: ECR ECR), Dragoş TUDORACHE (icon: RE RE), Bartosz ARŁUKOWICZ (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54, RoP 57


   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
   EP - Debate in Parliament
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
   Committee report tabled for plenary

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted the own-initiative report by Miapetra KUMPULA-NATRI (S&D, FI) on a European strategy for data.

Values and principles

Members stressed that the EU must strive for EU-wide data governance and a human-centric, data society and economy based on the Union’s values of privacy, transparency and respect for fundamental rights and freedoms, empowering its citizens to take meaningful decisions over the data produced by or relating to them. The COVID-19 crisis has highlighted the role of and need for high-quality, real-time databases, information and data sharing, as well as shortcomings in the infrastructure and interoperability of solutions across Member States. Therefore, individuals should have full control of their data and be further assisted in enforcing their data protection and privacy rights regarding the data they generate. The right to data portability and the data subject’s access, rectification and erasure rights provided for by the General Data Protection Regulation.

Data governance and spaces

The committee supports the creation of a data governance framework and common European data spaces, which should be subject to EU rules and cover transparency, interoperability, sharing, access, portability and security of data, with a view to enhancing the flow and reuse of non-personal data or personal data that is fully GDPR-compliant and securely anonymised in both industrial and public environments and across and within specific sectors.

Members called for the creation of a Commission-led expert group that would have the capacity to help and advise the Commission to set common, EU-wide guidelines on data governance in order to turn interoperability and data sharing into a reality in the EU. They encouraged the Commission to use common European data spaces to enhance trust, adopt common standards and regulations, and encourage the creation of well-formed application programming interfaces (APIs) along with robust authentication mechanisms, and to consider using pre-agreed, clearly specified and time-bound sandboxes to test innovations and new business models as well as new data management and processing tools, both in the public and private sector.

Inseparability of personal and non-personal data

The report recalled that personal and non-personal data, such as industrial data, is not always separable and can be difficult and costly to separate, with the result being that a large amount of data currently remains unused. Data sets in which different types of data are inextricably linked are always treated as personal data, including in cases where the personal data represents only a small part of the data set. Therefore, Members urged the Commission to:

- provide further guidance on the lawful processing of data and on practices on the utilisation of mixed data sets in industrial environments;

- consider establishing a legislative framework and a clear definition of horizontal and cross-cutting personal data spaces alongside other data spaces, and to further clarify the challenge of mixed data sets.

Data act, access and interoperability

Members urged the Commission to present a data act to encourage and enable a greater and fair B2B, B2G, government-to-business (G2B) and government-to-government (G2G) flow of data in all sectors. Collaborative approaches for sharing data and standardised data agreements should be encouraged to improve predictability and trustworthiness. There is a need for contracts to set clear obligations and liability for the accessing, processing, sharing and storing of data in order to limit the misuse of such data.

Infrastructure and cybersecurity

In relation to cloud service providers, Members called on the Commission to oblige in the future “Cloud rulebook” for service providers to show where they store data. Additionally, the report stated that cloud service providers should not have access to data stored on their servers, unless there is a separate agreement between parties. A more robust cybersecurity is a prerequisite for a stable data economy.

Global rules

Lastly, Members considered that global rules governing the use of data are inadequate. They invited the Commission to come forward with a comparative analysis of the regulatory environment for data in third countries. The report highlighted the need for international rules and standards to foster global cooperation aimed at strengthening data protection and establishing safe and appropriate data transfers, while fully respecting EU and Member States’ laws and standards.

   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
   EP - Committee opinion
   EP - Committee opinion
   EP - Committee opinion
   EP - Committee opinion
   EP - Committee opinion
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
   EP - Committee opinion
   EP - VOSS Axel (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
   EP - Committee draft report
   EP - KALJURAND Marina (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
   EP - HAIDER Roman (ID) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
   EP - ZOIDO ÁLVAREZ Juan Ignacio (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
   EP - MAXOVÁ Radka (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
   EP - KUMPULA-NATRI Miapetra (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
   EP - SCHALDEMOSE Christel (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO



929 2020/2217(INI)
2020/11/11 CULT 51 amendments...
source: 653.891
2020/11/12 TRAN 493 amendments...
source: 660.081
2020/11/17 IMCO 108 amendments...
source: 660.338
2020/11/23 JURI 277 amendments...