BETA


2020/2255(INL) Legal migration policy and law

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead LIBE AL-SAHLANI Abir (icon: Renew Renew) DÜPONT Lena (icon: EPP EPP), ENGERER Cyrus (icon: S&D S&D), KUHNKE Alice (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), FEST Nicolaus (icon: ID ID), WEIMERS Charlie (icon: ECR ECR), BARRENA ARZA Pernando (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion DEVE HERZBERGER-FOFANA Pierrette (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Charles GOERENS (icon: RE RE), Miguel URBÁN CRESPO (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Erik MARQUARDT (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Tomas TOBÉ (icon: PPE PPE), Pierfrancesco MAJORINO (icon: S&D S&D), Bernhard ZIMNIOK (icon: ID ID)
Committee Opinion EMPL
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 47

Events

2021/11/25
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 497 votes to 160, with 38 abstentions, a resolution with recommendations to the Commission on legal migration policy and law.

In view of statistics indicating that the share of inhabitants aged 65 years or above is expected to account for about one third of the EU population by 2050, Members believe that in order to meet the demographic challenges of the future in the Member States and the significant labour shortages at all skill levels , the EU needs to present new legal channels for labour migration to the EU , taking into account the fact that the Member States’ labour markets are different.

According to the resolution, these new pathways will prove imperative for increasing the Union’s economic competitiveness and its global influence as the champion of democracy, the rule of law, human rights and free trade in goods and services and as a leader in the fight against climate change.

Parliament called on the Commission to submit, by 31 January 2022, a proposal for an act that would serve as a package of proposals to facilitate and promote entry into and mobility within the EU for legally migrating third-country nationals applying for work or already holding a work permit.

Members called on the Commission to take account of the following recommendations:

EU talent pool

Members considered that the legislative act to be adopted should establish an EU talent pool and matching platform for third-country nationals who wish to apply for work in and migrate legally to a Member State, as well as for Union-based employers to search in third countries for potential employees and should facilitate the admission and free movement of third-country workers.

The EU talent pool would be an optional tool that Member States could use to address needs and shortages in labour markets that cannot be met by the national workforce. It should be complemented by increased coordination between the participating national authorities, with the involvement of public employment services and local authorities and should take into account national specificities and the different requirements of national labour markets.

Admission scheme for low and medium skilled third-country workers

Given the demographic challenges and the global competition for talent, there is an urgent need for many Member States to improve their attractiveness and to create admission schemes for all qualified third-country workers, and not only for highly qualified workers as provided for in the new Directive (EU) 2021/1883 (revised Blue Card Directive).

In this respect, Members recommended provisions establishing an admission scheme with conditions of entry and residence for low and medium-skilled third-country workers. This scheme should ensure equal treatment in line with the EU acquis on labour migration and include the creation of a framework within which third-country workers are able to have their skills and qualifications recognised and validated for use on Member States' labour markets.

Admission scheme for entrepreneurs and the self-employed

Through an EU-wide admission scheme, these third-country nationals could be given the opportunity to migrate legally to the EU and establish themselves and their businesses here. To this end, Parliament believes that the legislative act to be adopted should include an admission scheme with conditions of entry and residence for self-employed persons and entrepreneurs, in particular for third-country nationals setting up SMEs and start-ups , as well as for the entry and residence of highly mobile self-employed third-country nationals, such as artists and cultural professionals.

Members insisted that the schemes proposed must include measures that enhance fundamental rights and promote equal treatment for third-country workers. They also suggested that the Commission to introduce a five-year multiple-entry visa for self-employed people and entrepreneurs (to enter the EU for up to 90 days per year).

Talent partnerships

Members called on the Commission to prepare a tailor-made framework for talent partnerships in which Member States can voluntarily participate. The aim of this being to add another legal channel as a mobility option for third-country nationals who wish to migrate to the EU for work and to tackle the issues of labour market shortages. Parliament should scrutinise and evaluate the functioning of the talent partnerships on a regular basis.

Seasonal workers

Parliament proposed to change current rules to give seasonal workers three months to seek new employment after leaving their job, without having their permit revoked. The rules on sanctions and measures against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals should cover third-country nationals who are legal residents and address labour exploitation.

Revision of Directive 2003/109/EC

Members are of the view that Directive 2003/109/EC, which is currently under used and does not provide an effective right to intra-Union mobility, should be amended to allow third country nationals who are long-term residents of a Member State to reside permanently within another Member State from the day their permit is issued on terms similar to the terms applicable to Union citizens and to reduce the number of years of residence required to acquire EU long-term resident status from five to three years. The Commission should include those amendments in its upcoming revision of that Directive.

Parliament also recommended the establishment of a Union-wide transnational advisory service network for legally migrating workers.

Documents
2021/11/23
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/11/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted a legislative initiative report by Abir AL-SAHLANI (Renew Europe, SE) with recommendations to the Commission on legal migration policy and law.

Given that EU is in the process of a post-pandemic economic recovery, improved legislative schemes on legal labour migration are a decisive factor for the economic recovery of the Union. The report noted that 23 million third-country nationals were legally resident in the Member States in 2020, some 5.1 % of the total EU population. The low issuance rate of long-term resident permits indicates that there might be a need to improve their attractiveness, something that could be achieved by a revision of Directive 2003/109/EC concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents to clarify the advantages of holding an EU long-term residence permit.

The EU needs to present new avenues for legal labour migration to the Union, while also taking into account the fact that Member States’ labour markets are different and face different kinds of labour shortages and challenges.

Members requested that the Commission submit, by 31 January 2022, a proposal for an act that would serve as a package of proposals to facilitate and promote entry into and mobility within the EU for legally migrating third-country nationals applying for work or already holding a work permit.

Members called on the Commission to take account of the following recommendations:

EU talent pool

They considered that the legislative act to be adopted should establish an EU talent pool and matching platform for third-country nationals who wish to apply for work in and migrate legally to a Member State, as well as for Union-based employers to search in third countries for potential employees and should facilitate the admission and free movement of third-country workers.

Admission scheme for low and medium-skilled third country workers

Given the demographic challenges and the global competition for talent, it is a pressing need for many Member States to improve their attractiveness and to create admission schemes for all skilled third-country workers, not only for highly-skilled workers. In this regard, Members recommended provisions setting up an admission scheme with conditions of entry and residence for low and medium-skilled third country workers. That scheme should ensure equal treatment in line with the existing Union acquis on labour migration and include the creation of a framework within which third-country workers are able to have their skills and qualifications properly recognised and validated for use on the Member States’ labour markets.

Admittance scheme for entrepreneurs and self-employed persons

Members stressed that self-employed people and entrepreneurs should have the option to immigrate legally to the EU. They called for a Union-wide admission scheme laying down conditions of entry and residence for those wanting to establish businesses and start-ups, and for highly mobile workers such as artists and cultural professionals. They insisted that the schemes proposed must include measures that enhance fundamental rights and promote equal treatment for third-country workers. They also suggested that the Commission to introduce a five-year multiple-entry visa for self-employed people and entrepreneurs (to enter the EU for up to 90 days per year).

Talent partnerships

Members called on the Commission to prepare a tailor-made framework for talent partnerships in which Member States can voluntarily participate. The aim of this being to add another legal channel as a mobility option for third-country nationals who wish to migrate to the EU for work and to tackle the issues of labour market shortages.

Seasonal workers

Members proposed to change current rules to give seasonal workers three months to seek new employment after leaving their job, without having their permit revoked. The rules on sanctions and measures against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals should cover third-country nationals who are legal residents and address labour exploitation.

Revision of Directive 2003/109/EC

Members are of the view that Directive 2003/109/EC, which is currently under used and does not provide an effective right to intra-Union mobility, should be amended to allow third country nationals who are long-term residents of a Member State to reside permanently within another Member State from the day their permit is issued on terms similar to the terms applicable to Union citizens and to reduce the number of years of residence required to acquire EU long-term resident status from five to three years. The Commission should include those amendments in its upcoming revision of that Directive.

Documents
2021/10/27
   EP - Vote in committee
2021/10/15
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/09/10
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/12
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/05/26
   EP - AL-SAHLANI Abir (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2021/02/25
   EP - HERZBERGER-FOFANA Pierrette (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2020/12/17
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

Politique et législation en matière de migration légale - Legal migration policy and law - Politik und Gesetzgebung für legale Migration - A9-0314/2021 - Al-Sahlani - § 1 - Am 5S #

2021/11/24 Outcome: -: 521, +: 158, 0: 8
HU PL DK LV EE HR SI MT CY LU SK LT IT FI BE EL BG AT IE SE CZ NL FR PT RO ES DE
Total
21
52
14
8
7
12
8
6
6
6
14
11
75
14
20
18
17
19
13
21
20
28
78
19
33
54
93
icon: ID ID
67

Denmark ID

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1

Estonia ID

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1

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2
3

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1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Latvia ECR

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2

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

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1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
35

Slovakia NI

2

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1

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1

Germany NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
37

Denmark The Left

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2

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4

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

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2

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3

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3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

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2

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3

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3

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3

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1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Hungary Renew

2

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1

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1

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3

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1

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1

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3

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3

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3

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3
icon: S&D S&D
141

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A9-0314/2021 - Abir Al-Sahlani - Après le § 1 - Am 2 #

2021/11/24 Outcome: -: 503, +: 165, 0: 21
HU PL DK HR SI LV CZ EE SK LT MT CY LU BE SE IT FI EL BG AT IE NL PT RO FR ES DE
Total
21
52
14
12
8
8
20
7
14
11
6
6
6
20
21
75
14
20
17
19
13
28
19
33
78
54
93
icon: ID ID
67

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

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1

Finland ID

2
3
icon: ECR ECR
63

Croatia ECR

1

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2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
37

Slovakia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
37

Denmark The Left

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1

Czechia The Left

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1

Cyprus The Left

2

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Ireland The Left

4

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70

Poland Verts/ALE

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1

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3

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2

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1

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3

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3

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3

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3

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2

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3

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1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Hungary Renew

2

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1

Croatia Renew

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1

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2

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1

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3

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1

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2

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3

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3

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3

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3

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1

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2
icon: S&D S&D
141

Slovenia S&D

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2

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2

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1

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1

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2

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2

A9-0314/2021 - Abir Al-Sahlani - Après le § 1 - Am 6 #

2021/11/24 Outcome: -: 522, +: 152, 0: 13
HU PL EE SI HR LT LV MT CY LU BE SK IT CZ FI EL DK BG AT IE SE PT NL FR RO ES DE
Total
21
52
7
8
12
11
8
6
6
6
20
14
75
20
14
18
14
17
19
13
21
19
28
78
33
54
93
icon: ID ID
67

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
3
icon: ECR ECR
63

Croatia ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
35

Lithuania NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
37

Cyprus The Left

2

Belgium The Left

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1

Czechia The Left

1

Finland The Left

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1

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1

Ireland The Left

4

Sweden The Left

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1

Netherlands The Left

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Poland Verts/ALE

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1

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2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

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1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

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2

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3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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3

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Against (1)

1

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3

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Hungary Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Latvia Renew

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1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Italy Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
141

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

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2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

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2

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1

Belgium S&D

3

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3

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1

Finland S&D

2

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2
icon: PPE PPE
177

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1

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1

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2

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2

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2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0314/2021 - Abir Al-Sahlani - Après le § 1 - Am 7 #

2021/11/24 Outcome: -: 529, +: 149, 0: 9
HU PL SI LV EE HR LT MT CY LU BE IT SK FI EL CZ DK BG AT IE SE PT NL FR RO ES DE
Total
21
52
8
8
7
12
11
6
6
6
20
75
14
14
18
20
14
17
19
13
21
19
28
78
33
54
93
icon: ID ID
67

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
3
icon: ECR ECR
63

Latvia ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
35

Lithuania NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
37

Cyprus The Left

2

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Hungary Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Italy Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
141

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Belgium S&D

3

Slovakia S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
177

Hungary PPE

1

Slovenia PPE

For (1)

Against (1)

4

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

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1

Malta PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

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2

Denmark PPE

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1

A9-0314/2021 - Abir Al-Sahlani - § 2 - Am 8S #

2021/11/24 Outcome: -: 517, +: 161, 0: 9
HU PL DK EE SI HR LV MT CY LU SK LT CZ IT FI BE EL BG AT IE SE NL FR PT RO ES DE
Total
21
52
14
7
8
12
8
6
6
6
14
11
20
75
14
20
18
17
19
13
21
28
78
19
33
54
93
icon: ID ID
67

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2
3
icon: ECR ECR
63

Croatia ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
35

Slovakia NI

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
37

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Poland Verts/ALE

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1

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2

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1

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1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Hungary Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

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1

Italy Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
141

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

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2

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2

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2

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1

Slovakia S&D

3

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2

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1

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2

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3

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177

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1

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Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

Against (1)

4

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

A9-0314/2021 - Abir Al-Sahlani - Après le § 2 - Am 9 #

2021/11/24 Outcome: -: 517, +: 164, 0: 6
HU PL LV DK EE HR LT CZ SI MT CY LU BE IT SK FI EL BG AT IE SE NL FR PT RO ES DE
Total
21
52
8
14
7
12
11
20
8
6
6
6
20
75
14
14
18
17
19
13
21
28
78
19
33
54
93
icon: ID ID
67

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2
3
icon: ECR ECR
63

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
35

Lithuania NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1